Unit 1 Words to note: around? 2; acre? 10; blasted? 6; brochure? 13; cavern? 3; deluxe? 4; drought? 7; exotic? 17; handcrafted? 16; independent? 8; nestled? 14; paddling pool? 1; paradise? 5; perched? 12; scuba diver? 11; shark? 9; situated? 18; typhoon? 15 Understanding the text: Part A 1. A major purpose of advertising is to inform us of new products or good bargains/ help producers sell their products. It is possible that advertising is becoming less effective because we are exposed to too much advertising now and so much of it is misleading. 2. The more adventurous members of the family can visit some of the attractions of the island, including a trip to an ancient cavern/ study the fascinating sea creatures of that area. The less adventurous members can use the hotel swimming pool/ paddling pool or play on the mini-golf course or visit the less adventurous places of interest. Ghosts are often seen around Lake Tali. Wood has been used to make the accommodation units. The holiday is cheap because the resort is new and the owners claim to be more interested in making the guests happy than making money. 3. Bantu island is really only a small, bear, exposed rock in the middle of the ocean. Swimming around the island would be dangerous because of the many sharks. The swimming pool isn‘t in use because there is no water in it. The author doesn‘t believe the stories because it is too small and too shallow for the stories to be true. The only reason your money ―goes further‖ is that Bantu Island is a long way away so the money will be traveling further. 4. The advice the author gives in the last two paragraphs is to be very careful when reading advertisements and always try to check the information from an independent source before you buy whatever is advertised. Part B The Brochure 1 2 3 4 5 6 resort a shallow bay/ island paradise fascinating sea creatures deluxe air-conditioned transport individual, handcrafted units ancient and mysterious lake The Newspaper Article building site beachless bay/ bare rack hungry sharks open-backed jeep wooden huts dirty pond
Part C 1. Advertising is often misleading and in some cases, ―legalized lying‖. The advertising brochure for Bantu is obvious very misleading—although nothing it says is actually a lie, it does not present the truth. 2. Once they got to the island and saw what it was like, they would not want to go on any tours. 3. No, it was very carefully worded so that it would be difficult to prove it told any lies—simply did not tell the whole truth or misled the reader in different ways. 4. We should look carefully at things that seem attractive and cheap. There is often a problem that is not obvious. Developing your skills: Which of the following could be used to describe the tone of the newspaper article? Humorous, aggressive, sarcastic Brochure A Once in a Lifetime Holiday A Holiday for All the family sea creatures brand-new cooled rare exclamation mark Newspaper A ―Never-To-Be-Repeated‖ Holiday A Holiday for Nobody sharks half-built blasted they don‘t exist quotation marks
Choice of Information
Expending your vocabulary: Antonyms: brand-new nestled shallow paradise give-away price refreshing Scales of meaning: Frequency ·constantly/ always ·regularly/ repeatedly ·often/ frequently ·sometimes/ occasionally ·not always
ancient perched deep nightmare expensive bitter
Degree ·perfectly/ absolutely/ totally ·extremely/ enormously/ particularly/ exceedingly/ exceptionally ·very
Quantity ·all/ every ·a vast number ·most/ the majority of/ generally ·many/ a lot of/ numerous ·much/ a great deal
·rarely/ seldom/ intermittently ·hardly ever never
·slightly/ a little/ to ·a couple/ a few some extent ·none ·in no way ·not in the slightest/ not at all
Understanding the text Part A: 1.F 2.F 3.T 4.T 5.T 6.T 7.F 8.F Part B: 1. These exams ―decide their futures‖ and the penalties for failure are ―final‖. Also look at speech paragraph 6 ― the ―threat of being a failure for life‖ is perhaps even worse than a death sentence. 2. The labour market does not urgently need ―newly qualified people‖. There is no ―hurry‖; the situation is not critical. 3. To compare the large number of lessons with the tiny result and also to say that ―40-minute pieces of learning‖ and ―little pieces of geography or history or biology‖ do not really add up to any substantial body of knowledge. Perhaps, too, the writer wants to show that mere statistics do not really prove that the results are good. 4. The word suggests an unpleasant experience. The writer was, when a child, the subject ― and the education system was the ―boss‖. The results of the child‘s subjection were not good. Also look at speech paragraph 8 again: the system ―can never be called efficient‖; it simply helps the administrators and the bureaucrats. Developing your skills Part A 1.c) 2.b) 3.c) 4.a) Extending your vocabulary Part A.1. carefree 2.intolerable 3.receptive 4.compulsory 5.severe 6.motivated 7.applled 8.frantically Part B. 1.regardless of 2.how much 3.certainly 4.must 5.help or win 6.frequently 7.result
Unit 3 Words to note:
Bullets—7 compensate—11 contentedly---14 disaster---9 drifted---6 glowing—10 instantly---5 insured---15 pounds—12 retire---16 shadows---1 streaming---4 tempt---13 terrified---3 wafted---17 wandered---18 wardrobe—2 wearily—8
understanding the text
Part A notes 1: they were sitting round a coffee table. Thomas was wearing his police uniform Snow was blowing against burning. notes2: only the man and his wife were in the kitchen there was a garden and a garden gate outside. The man at the garden gate was wearing police uniform The man at the garden gate was very tall. note3: The man was sitting next to the fire Thomas had a blood stain on his chest The grandmother was also standing behind Thomas Part B
1. the curse was that the bag and its ―evil contents‖ gave the grandfather power. The power enabled him to get anything he wanted in life. The price was the life of his own wife. 2. he bought the house with the help of the power he had been given by the bag. But he forgot the warning---there was a price to pay for his power. 3. his first wish was for 100, 000 pounds. He would have received this money because of the Life insurance---his son Thomas was insured. When Thomas was killed, the Insurance Company paid him this money. 4. Arthur‘s second wish was ‖I want all my family to be together again.‖ This wish came true but not in the way he had intended.
Developing your skills
Part A 1. similarly on the night that Arthur asked for 100,000 pounds, his son Thomas died. 2. both Arthur and his father paid the price for the ?help‖ they asked for. They both knew the bag was evil---but they both used it to get what they thought they wanted. 3. Arthur has already learned why his father thought so. But he tries to put the warning from his father out of his mind. And his son later pays the price---the first price. 4. his wife definitely is right. Very soon the son Thomas is killed. 5. this is because he was a premonition. He knows what has happened and he probably feels, as his father had left, that he is responsible. He feels guilty.
Extending your vocabulary
Part A 1. terror 2. temptation 3. retirement 4. compensation 5. weary 6. drifter 7. insurance 8. disaster Part B 1. stream 2. retiring 3. terrific 4. pounded 5. contents 6. shadowing
For each of the following ,decide which option best completes the statement according to the text.Circle your answer. 1.b) 2.d) 3.b) 4.c) 5.d) Part B: Summarizing the information in a text Situation Actions taken reasons for Actions Sit as far a way from close,nervousness,far the other person as away,insulting possible 1. Pretend the other people aren‘t there 2. Ignore them 3. Avert your eyes from them 4. Keep your face as expressionless as possible 5. Create physical barriers eg.clasp hands 1. One might move forward ;the other might back away 2. Finally one might try to ―escape‖by moving away 1. build ―barriers‖ 2. screen one‘s eyes from neigbours 3. avoid /prevent any ―contact‖ Spread out your belongings Pretend you are concentrating on something important –eg.the panel indicating the floor number .Send out signals that you do not want your personal space to be invaded.
1. standing very close makes some people very uncomfortable. 2. standing where you have enough personal space makes people comfortable 1. to help concentration 2. to keep other people ―outside ‖of their space 3. to pretend they are alone Try to give the impression that the seats next to you are taken
Part C : interpretin g the text 1. It‘s the area where people feel safe,secure,comfortable,unthreatened. This area surrounds us ,like a protective blanket. 2. In order to ―protect‖ ourselves and to discourage any strangers from ―invading‖ our personal space by attempting to make contact with us. 3. Because we need to feel that this area is our own;it belongs to us ;it‘s part of our
own self . 4. When people from different cultural or geographical backgrounds are together. （because the size of the ―space ‖ needed within different cultures differs;some cultures can easily accept closer ―contact‖----and therefore less personal space –than others.) 5. If attempts to preserve our personal space are ignored by others ,and if we therefore feel a heightened sense of discomfort, threat of even danger,we might use force---e.g. a loud voice, or actual physical force ,to make it very clear that we are ―defending our territory‖. Developing your skills Part A Word /expression passage Valuable(para 1) from Help found in passage expensive type of help synonym definition as far away as possible from the first person packed(para 4) barriers(para 6) strategies personal makers(para 7) territory (para 7) elbows(para 6) example synonymous expression examples
Part B : Deducing meaning barren; nothing would grow or the island; attempts; in vain; never caught a single fish; crustaceans; crabs, shrimps and ,on one occasion, a lobster ; almost starved; look like a skeleton; bones were sticking through his skin; emaciated; sadness and anxiety; immediately changed; elation
barren in vain crustaceans emaciated elation
empty, unproductive, sterile, nothing can grow unsuccessful, without results, wasted and producing no benefit crabs, shrimps and lobsters very, very thin, having almost no flesh on the body extreme happiness, the opposite of ―sadness and anxiety‖
Extending your vocabulary Part A: synonyms and antonyms
Synonyms offend slowly spread guarded grip shows undemonstrative Part B: Cloze sentences 1. expressive 2. indicates/shows 3. clustered 4. compliment 5. gradually/slowly 6. release
Words to note
Antonyms compliment suddenly clustered harmed release hides expressive
Unit 5 Words to note
Applicant—2 Benefits—7 Cater—8 Contributors—10 Dismay –3 Encouragement – 12 Facilities – 11 Hop – 5 Impose—6 Kerb—1 Pretend—13 Significantly—4 Statistics—14 Wheelchair – 9
Understanding the text
Part A: Letter 1 Background of writer Seriously injured in a traffic accident. Overcame despair with the help of family and friends. To highlight difficulties faced in everyday life by paraplegics. Letter 2 Also disabled; but lives in a much more caring environment To encourage Mr. Thomas – because times and attitudes are changing. Letter 3 Also disabled; chairman of ―Disabled Taxi Drivers Association‖. 1. To give information about his organization. To stress the safety record of disabled drivers in his organization. to stress that disabled Letter 4 Not specified.
Purpose(s) of Writing
To emphasize the range of opportunities available to disabled people—even in sports.
people can fulfill almost all duties. Particular Experience(s) of Writer Main Message(s) Frustration caused by thoughtlessness. Facilities in her hometown help her to live more freely and fully. 1. Don‘t despair 2. If your hometown does not improve its facilities and its attitudes, come to live in mine! Close and frequent contact with other disabled people. To encourage disabled people to make contact. Not specified.
It‘s good to be optimistic and cheerful --but disabled people need help.
1. Regard your disability in ―a new light‖. 2. Try to be as independ ent as possible.
Part B: Interpreting the text Examples of optimism Letter 1: … I now look forward to… … wanting to live life to the full… Letter 2: …your own environment is sure to change soon. …perhaps we could share the benefits… Letter 3: … give hope (and a possible future) … There are … no reasons why disabled people cannot fulfill… Letter 4: … there are ever increasing social and professional opportunities… … he says he may even had an advantage…
Examples of objectivity Letter 1: … paraplegics still have to plan each trip… … kerbs at the edges of the roads… Letter 2:… extra-wide elevators … … not a single step in the whole centre. Letter 3: … suitably converted vehicles.
… not one single member has ever had an accident of any kind! Letter 4: … sports facilities designed for disabled persons. …World Summer Olympic Games for disabled athletes since 1960…
Unit 6 Understanding the text
Part A: comprehending the text Robert Burns Profile Nationality Childhood Marital Status Number of children Famous works Interests Poems Auld Lang Syne Jean My love is like a red, red rose John Anderson, My Jo Themes Pleasant memories of friendship and of time past. Love—especially for ―the girl I love the best‖, Jean. Everything beautiful reminds him of Jean. Again, love—and the eternal and compelling and all-embracing force of love. Life-long friendship and loyalty; sharing things and trusting somebody; the enduring quality of friendship—the friend John is now old and frail, but still the friendship is strong and unchanged. Scottish One of seven children; lived and worked on farm Married twelve Auld Lang Syne; Jean; My Love Is Like a Red, Red Rose; John Anderson, My Jo Reading, drinking, singing, telling stories, women
Part B: Interpreting the text 1. Poems Auld Lang Syne Jean Metaphors Drink a cup of kindness I see her in the morning flowers… I hear her in the tuneful birds… And I will love you… When all the seas go dry… And I will love you… While the sands of life still run. …blessing on your frosty head, … We climbed the hill together… Actual Meanings Share kindness between good friends Everything beautiful reminds him of Jean
My love is like a red, red rose
He means he will love her for ever (since the seas will never go dry). He will love her while time continues to pass by (i.e., again, for ever). He wants his white-haired old friend to be always blessed. We have been friends for a life time: we have accompanied each other on the ―journey‖ and the ―hill‖ of life.
John Anderson, My Jo
2. What is love? Love is beautiful. It‘s ―like the melody‖. ―That‘s sweetly played in tune.‖ It‘s like beautiful flower –a red, red rose‖. It‘s constant and eternal What is friendship? Friendship means sharing –both ―lovely‖ and wearing‖ experiences. It means pleasant memories, the trust. (―There‘s my hand, my trusted friend ...‖) It means constancy—when they can no longer climb ―the hill together‖ they will ―totter down…hand in hand…‖. It is ―one of the finest things life can bring‖.
Developing your skills
Part A: Familiarizing yourself with the features of poetry 1. He believed that love is a fundamental blessing in life. There are many varied aspects to love: Burns loved his country (Scotland), women, ―humanity and honest, simple goodness‖, friendship, trust, sharing, etc. Further he believed in morality, and fairness—he wrote about poverty and weakness and sadness. He had such a philosophy because his own childhood—his family was poor and he had to work hard even as a child, but he was given love and encouragement—perhaps influenced his feelings about life, and about the value and importance of the ―common people‖ (i.e. ordinary people). 2. Poems Auld Lang Syne Jean My love is like a red, red rose John Anderson, My Jo Adjectives Old, lovely, weary, wide, trusted Beautiful, wild, constant, sweet, fair Red, lovely, dry Lovely, bright, bald, frosty, happy
3. several: e.g. –obviously—the chorus in ―Auld Land Syne‖; the phrase ―times gone by‖, ―I see…‖, and ―I hear…‖ in‖ Jean‖; the ―theme line‖, ―my love is like…‖and ―I will love you…‖ in ―my love is like a red, red rose‖. 4. Yes—especially in ―John Anderson, My Jo‖, where the past and the present are contrasted: e.g. ―your hair was like the raven‘s…‖ ―Your hair is like the snow…‖ The contrasts in this poem are very clearly portrayed by the tenses used (Simple present and simple past). 5. Yes. Some of poems have sentenced of identical length (to maintain the rhythm of the verse), for example ―Auld Lang Syne‖, however, the sentence lengths in ―my love is like a red, red rose‖ vary throughout the poem. Generally speaking, the shorter the sentence is, the more emphasis the writer wants to place on it.
Expanding your vocabulary
Part A: Descriptions of happiness 1 Poems Auld Lang Syne Expressions We two have paddled in the stream, from morning until dinner Days of long ago There‘s wild woods growing, and rivers flowing Day and night my constant dream, is ever with my Jean Whenever I hear a bird sing sweet, it reminds me of my Jean A red, red rose, that‘s newly sprung in June The melody, that‘s sweetly played in tune Many a happy day, John, we‘ve had with one another Hand in hand we‘ll go; and sleep together at the foot
My love is like a red, red rose John Anderson, My Jo
2. Delighted pleased excited glad cheerful merry joyful sunny
jump of joy walking on air over the moon on cloud nine as happy as a…
Part B: using contrast descriptions 1. depressed sad low-spirited 2. Down in the dumps unhappy gloomy miserable sorrowful sorry heavily-hearted
down in the mouth
Words to note
colloquial – 13 complimentary – 6 convey – 9 derive – 7 determined – 1 frustrating – 2 idioms – 3 inappropriate – 4 literal – 5 mastering – 12 prejudices – 14 seemingly – 8 shades – 10 sources – 11 stumped – 17 tap – 15 tones – 16
Understanding the text
Part A: Comprehending the text Paragraph 1: a) Paragraph 2: c) Paragraph 4: b) Paragraph 5: a) Paragraph 7: a) Paragraph 8: b) Paragraph 3: b) Paragraph 6: c) Paragraph 9: a)
Developing your skills
Part A: Positive / negative connotations Words Implying Criticism Picture 1 noisy, aggressive Picture 2 tiny, cramped, microscopic Picture 3 cheap, untidy, scruffy Picture 4 violent, vicious Picture 5 arrogant, smug, conceited Words Not Implying Criticism lively, active, energetic small, compact simple, plain, casual courageous, brave, heroic proud, honoured, delighted
Part B: Subjective / objective writing 1. What facts do you know about the flat? Flat: In effect, none. (Except, perhaps, that an apartment exists! Adjectives such as “lovely”, “compact”, “splendid” have no factual “meaning”.) Living Room: Again, none. What does “superb” actually – and factually –
mean? Kitchen: There is one fact here: the kitchen is smaller (“more compact”) … But it’s not a very helpful fact. We are not told how much smaller it is! It’s not even 100% certain what other room it is smaller than! (The implication, of course, is that the comparison is with the living room but in Western houses the kitchen is always smaller than the living room in any case) Bedroom 1: There is one fact about the room, and two about what the room contains (i.e. a bed and light). The fact about the room is that it has a window. Bedroom 2: Again, no facts. Bathroom: There is no bathroom. (The landing is not part of the flat; the bathroom is a communal one.) 2. What‘s the writer‘s purpose in writing this text? To “sell” the “attractiveness of the flat” – even though the flat is not really very attractive at all! 3. What subjective words does he use to help him in his purpose? lovely; needs to be seen; perfect opportunity; splendid; great appeal; superb; of great character; convenient; easily; modern kitchen; conveniently; nicely 4. Briefly give your own opinions about the flat and explain what led you to these opinions. It’s cold, or in bad condition – or perhaps both: “… effort may be required to improve…” It’s small: “…cleaning won’t ever be a problem” because there isn’t much to clean. It’s dangerous: “the electrical wiring may need to be changed”. The bedrooms are tiny: you can “turn off the light or open the window” while on the bed, and there is only “one side” of “space” to look after a baby. There is no private bathroom. Do we really want to “encourage friendliness” with strangers while we are in the bathroom?
Extending your vocabulary
Explaining the meaning of idioms Column A Column B 1. to admit that you were wrong about something 2. to take a long time to do something simple 3. to react angrily or rudely to somebody for no reason 4. to risk being blamed if things go wrong 5. to be a bit of a dreamer 6. to pay much more than something is worth 7. to be very much in love 8. to be completely different from each other 9. to be dishonest about one‘s feelings and opinions
to be very happy about something
Now try to find out what each of the following idiomatic expressions means and write the explanation in the space provided. Picture 1. to have itchy feet: to want to leave a place and start traveling Picture 2. to put your foot in it: to make a (usually foolish) mistake Picture 3. to get cool feet: to become afraid to do something and so change your mind about doing it.
Expanding your creativity
A dialogue about being in love (YP = young people; M = Mother; F = Father) YP: I‘ve got itchy feet. I want to take off. M&F: What? What‘s up? YP: Well, don‘t bite my head off, but… M: But what? It isn‘t because of your girlfriend Brenda, is it? F: Brenda‘s alright. A bit plain, but she‘s quite nice: her heart‘s in the right place. M: I don‘t like her. She‘s two-faced. I never did understand why you were so head over heels… YP: No. No! Don‘t make a meal of it. It‘s not Brenda. I just feel stumped F: Well… ―itchy feet‖… To do what? To go where? M: Yes, you‘d better be careful. If I were you… YP: But you aren‘t me. I want a better job. I‘ve been working for XYZ Corp. for two weeks already and I haven‘t got a promotion or a pay rise or, or… I‘m fed up. I‘m going to quite, call it a day – that‘s what I mean by ―itchy feet‖. I want to quite right now, while I‘m in the mood – before I got cold feet. F: You were on cloud nine when you got the job. Why not give it a couple more weeks and see how it goes. And I‘d advise you to keep quiet about your feelings and your dissatisfaction at least for the moment. M: Your head‘s in the clouds – that‘s your trouble. Quit now – and you‘ll pay through the nose for it. Just keep quiet – you don‘t want to have to eat your words. YP: Yeah, well… I‘ll cool it for a day or two. But I don‘t like keeping quiet. I don‘t want to be two-faced. Even Brenda isn‘t two-faced! F: It could be better to be two-faced than to put your head on the block!
Creative Reading Book 2
Understanding the text Part A: Comprehending the text 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. F 5. F 6. F 7. F 8. F 9. T 10. T
Part B: Interpreting the text 1. Firstly, of course, because he was a very good (and well-known, Chinese) competitor. Secondly, because he very nearly beat Greg Lauganis. Thirdly, because many people believed he had, really, won. Fourthly, because of his sportsmanship: he didn‘t complain – instead, he praised his rival. 2. The word ―really‖ indicates that there is some doubt as to whether it is a ―genuine‖ question. In fact the question is ―rhetorical‖ – i.e. the writer isn‘t really asking a question for information but is using a question form in order to give his own opinion. (This opinion is that many Chinese people were more happy about the prestige than interested in the sports.) 3. It implies that, although pens and newspapers are small items it is likely that many extra millions will be sold during the Games because if the huge number of visitors. 4. Because of the length of time he has been in the organization, he ―made a career‖ of the Olympics, and he ―rose through the ranks‖ to become President. 5. No. They are far more. They bring prestige to the city hosting them. They probably produce profit. They certainly create lots of jobs, new buildings get built, and the host city is proud to be able to ―bask in its fame‖.
Developing your skills Part A: Skimming (about the text) 1. Ground management; event management; administration; engineering; tourism; sales and marketing; selling food and drinks; customer service. 2. Systems programmers; business analysts; architects; engineers; finance experts. 3. Athletes who had competed in the Games.
(about obesity) 1. Diabetes; cancer; heart disease; lung disease; psychological ailments such as depression and low self-esteem. 2. Obesity is ―one of the greatest health risks‖. All the body can suffer as a result. 3. An entire class session could be spent debating this subject! For example, how can we decide if fat people are ―happier‖? Do we have to count all fat people? Then, too, how do we define ―fat‖? More difficult yet: how do we define ―happy‖? It might be suggested that if fat people are happier, ―they shouldn‘t be‖, or ―they don‘t realize they have a problem‖. But perhaps such discussion and debate can never be satisfactorily concluded; perhaps it‘s simpler to quote another old adage: ―Laugh and grow fat; grow fat and be laughed at.‖! Part B: Scanning 1. 10 2. obese 3 times people 4 times obesity 2 times health 2 times
1. Xiong Ni, Greg Lauganis, Carl Lewis, Mike Powell, Juan Antonio Samaranch. 2. 1976 Montreal Olympics, 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, 1988 Seoul Olympics, 1992 Barcelona Olympics, 1996 Atlanta Olympics, 2000 Sydney Olympics, 2008 Beijing Olympics. 3. The costs are huge. Merely the conversion of one building, for the Sydney Games, cost US$240 million. The total cost of these Games was probably approximately US$2.5 billion! 4. Both short-term and more ―specialized‖ jobs are mentioned. Short-term examples include jobs in selling and marketing, administration, tourism, customer service and ground management. More specialized examples include jobs in systems programming, business and finance analysis, architecture and engineering. 5. Basically, profit and development. If the Games are well organized, the host city/country will make a lot of money from the influx of thousands upon thousands of visitors – and their spending; in the longer term, the new facilities (which have to be built for the Games), such as new buildings and infrastructure, mean that the city is better equipped to bid for large international events in the future.
Extending your vocabulary Part A: Words to note
1. prestige 6. guarantee Part B: Suffixes -ess
2. budgeted 7. margin
3. inevitably 8. Apparently
4. biased 9. analysts
5. dignified 10. host
Suffixes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 -er -or -ist -ess -ee -ant -man -ian
Nouns teacher, reporter, engineer surveyor, director, inspector scientist, artist, typist hostess, waitress, actress interviewee, employee, payee attendant, dependant, applicant policeman, fireman, salesman mathematician, physician, technician
Unit 9 Words to note
Accepting----8 Actually---16 Automatically---6 Balancing act---13 Cleverest---1 Enthusiastic---11 Jaw---3 Nickname---15 Obviously---4 Organized---18 Personalities---17 Properly---2 Puddings---5 Respected---12 Confident---7 Transcript---10 Undisciplined—9 Youngish---14
Understanding the text
Part B 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. b 5. d 6. d 7. a . 8. d 9. d 10. c
Part C 1. because they never get down to studying properly. 2. perhaps she thought he-----as a teacher----might be surprised that a student actually appreciated strictness. 3. because without other interests a student would never do anything else, and this clearly not healthy. 4. because ―know-alls‖ might be used by the teacher to hide---or disguise ---the fact that some members of the class are falling behind and not learning well. 5. not really. Her comments are based largely on her perceptions. However, she clearly is intelligent---she recognizes herself that since she is referring to people she knows personally ―perhaps I can‘t see them clearly.‖
Extending your vocabulary
Part B 1. miserable 2. nickname 3. respected 4. interested 7. enthusiastic 8. firm 9. qualified 10. jaw. 5. humorous 6. interesting
Understanding the text
1.d) 2.c) 3.b) 4.c) 5.d)
1.An intense interest in the possible reality of "eyeless sight".
2.A"sixth sense" doesn't seem to "make sense". Our reason tells us,for example,
that we only see with our eyes __ and certainly not with our elbows! But,putting
reason to one side, people have long spoken of a sixth sense; people believe it
exists, though it is not fully developed. As the mind, and the ability to reason,
develop in a child, the "normal" senses are more fully controlled by the mind.
And the mind tends to reject what it cannot explain.
3.Because the whole personality of children is more open and growing.The mind has
not, yet, "gained control".Children in Western countries "believe in" Santa
Claus; as they grow older they discard this belief__ and of course it is reasonable
to do so. But does this mean that the concept of Claus is totally false?
4.A cat's whiskers help it to detect danger, and hence to survive. Its whiskers are
extremely sensitive to its surroundings__ just like an exta, or a "sixth" sense.