郑州一中网校 2015—2016 学年（上）期中联考高二英语试 题
命题人：陈晓兰马晨 说明：1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）满分150 分，考试时间120 分钟。 2. 将第Ⅰ卷的答案代表字母填（涂）在答题卡上 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分听力（共两节，满分30 分） 第一节（共5 小题；每小题1.5 分，满分7.5 分） 1. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Friends. B. Couple. C. Classmates. 2. How does the woman probably feel now? A. Excited. B. Nervous. C. Frightened. 3. What is the book about？ A. Places of interest. B. Buildings. C. Art. 4. What do we know about the woman? A. She often goes to bed early at night. B. She often suffers from sleeplessness. C. She often stays up in the office. 5. Where are the speakers right now? A. At a party. B. At a meeting. C. At a concert. 第二节（共15 小题；每小题1.5 分，满分22.5 分） 听第6 段材料，回答第6、7 题。 6. Who is the woman probably? A. The librarian. B. The man’s teacher. C. The man’s classmate. 7. When should the man return the books? A. Next Friday. B. Next Wednesday. C. This Wednesday. 听第7 段材料，回答第8 至10 题。 8. Where were the woman’s parents born?
A. In the countryside. B. In the city. C. On an island. 9. What did the woman hear her grandparents talking about? A. Turning over the soil. B. Watering the field. C. Planting cabbages. 10. Why does the man produce the seed by himself? A. He has special ways of planting. B. His farm has special soil. 高二英语第2 页（共11 页） C. He has a lab on the farm. 听第8 段材料，回答第11 至13 题。 11. How do all the teachers describe the man? A. A naughty guy. B. A lazy guy. C. A great student. 12. Why was the man absent from school last week? A. He did not finish his homework. B. He was annoyed at his family problems. C. He went out to play computer games. 13. What does the woman suggest the man do? A. Come to her for help next time. B. Have a talk with his parents. C. Move out of his house. 听第9 材料，回答第14 至17 题。 14. When did the man come to the store? A. Yesterday. B. Last week. C. Three weeks ago. 15. How much should the man pay for the sofa? A. Half of the original price. B. Two thirds of the original price. C. 85 percent of the original price. 16. What will the man buy besides the sofa and the lamps? A. Some chairs. B. A carpet. C. Some table covers. 17. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The man likes the brown leather sofa most.
B. The man’s living room is about 40 square meters. C. The man doesn’t like the design of those lamps. 听第9 段材料，回答第18 至20 题。 18. How do the speaker’s parents go to work? A. By bicycle. B. By bus. C. By taxi. 19. What did the gardens in every neighborhood use to be? A. Fields. B. Car factories. C. Parking places. 20. What can we know about the speaker? A. Her parents are rich now. B. She was born in 2010. C. She has more fun than other children. 高二英语第3 页（共11 页） 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分40 分） 第一节（共15 小题； 每小题2 分，满分30 分） A In the early part of the twentieth century, racism （种族主义） was widely spread in the United States. Many African Americans were not given equal opportunities in education or employment, Marian Anderson (1897~1993) was an African American woman who gained fame as concert singer in this climate of racism. She was born in Philadelphia and sang in church choirs during her childhood. When she applied for admission to a local music school in 1917, she was turned down because she was black. Unable to attend music school, she began her career as a singer for church gatherings. After that, in 1929, she went to Europe to study voice and spent several years performing there. Her voice was widely praised（赞美）throughout the Europe. Then she returned to the US in 1935 and became a top concert singer after performing at Town Hall in New York City. Racism again affected Anderson in 1939. When it was arranged for her to sing at Constitution Hall in Washington D. C., the daughters of the American Revolution opposed it because of her color. She sang instead at the Lincoln Memorial for over 75,000 people. In 1955, Anderson became the first black soloist to sing with the Metropolitan Opera of New York City. The famous conductor Toscanini thought highly of her voice as ‘heard only once in a hundred
years’. She was a US delegate to United Nations in 1958 and won the UN peace prize in 1977. Anderson eventually triumphed（取得胜利）over racism. 21. According to this passage, what did Marian Anderson do between 1917 and 1929? A. She studied at a music school B. She sang in church activities C. She sang at Town Hall in New York D. She studied voice in Europe 22. Anderson's beautiful voice was first recognized A. at the Lincoln Memorial B. in Washington D.C. C. in Europe D. at the United Nations 23. Toscanini thought that Marian Anderson A. had a very rare voice B. sometimes sang in public C. sang only once in many years D. was always heard by people 高二英语第4 页（共11 页） 24. This passage shows that Anderson finally won over racism in the US by . A. talking to the government B. appealing to the United Nations C. singing in the streets D. working hard B There are several explanations for why a circle（圆圈）is divided into 360 parts. Probably the best explanation is connected with the Babylonians (巴比伦人） Many, many centuries ago, large distances were measured in the Babylonian mile. The Babylonian mile equaled about seven of our miles. Because of its length, the time needed to travel the Babylonian mile became a measure of time. That is, one day was said to be twelve Babylonian miles.
About one thousand years before Christ, the Babylonians began keeping records of star movements. They needed a way to record how much time passed between the moment they saw a star and then observed it again. They used the Babylonian time-mile as their measure of time. In order to have accurate time, the Babylonians divided their time-mile into thirty parts. Babylonians believed that each trip around the sky was a circle. One complete trip around the sky, they reasoned（推理）, took one day. You already know that one day was the same as twelve Babylonian time-mile. Since each time-mile was divided into thirty parts, the circular trip around the sky was 12×30 or 360 parts long. That is how there came to be 360 degrees in a circle. 25. The Babylonian mile was first used to measure A. star movements B. distances C. circles D. time 26. For what was the Babylonian time-mile divided into thirty parts? A. To measure more exact time B. To make a day into 360 parts C. To measure more exact distances D. To made a circle into 360 parts 27. The purpose of this passage is to explain . A. the Babylonians, ideas about the sky B. why the circle is divided into 360 degrees C. the Babylonian mile and the Babylonian time-mile D. how the Babylonians measured the time of star movements 高二英语第5 页（共11 页） C If you want to walk in the footsteps of some of the world’s greatest figures, then go to Oxford. Many of Oxford's 38 collages are open to the public year around. Here are a few of the colleges worth visiting and some famous people who have studied there. Christ Church College Long before it became known as a location for the Harry Potter films, Christ Church was the college where Albert Einstein, author Charles Dodgson who wrote Alice in Wonderland, and 13 British prime ministers studied. In this large and popular college, you can see the paintings in
the 16 -century Great Hall. Magdalen College Many consider Magdalen to be one of the most beautiful Oxford's colleges. This is where author Oscar Wilde read his classics course. You can enjoy the medieval church with its 15th-century tower. Opposite the college is the beautiful Botanic Garden founded in 1621. Merton College Founded in 1264, Merton has the oldest medieval library in use. J. R. R. Tolkien is said to have spent many hours here writing The Lord of the Rings. One of the college's treasures is an astrolabe（星盘，古代星位观测仪器）, thought to have belonged to Chaucer. The college has the most amazing collection of medieval colored glass in Oxford. Bodleian Library The Bodleian Library, the main research library of the University of Oxford, is the largest university library in the UK. It is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in Britain is the second in size only to the British Library. It holds more than 9 million printed items on 189 km of shelving and seats up to 2,500 readers. The users of the library here include five kings, 40 Nobel Prize winners, 25 British prime minister and countless famous writers. 28. If a Harry Potter fan travels to A. Merton College B. Bodleian Library C. Magdalen College D. Christ Church College 29. Which of the following can travelers see in Magdalen College? A. 15th-century tower. B. A seven-ton tower bell. C. England's smallest cathedral. D. British oldest botanic garden. 高二英语第6 页（共11 页） 30. According to the passage, J. R. R. Tolkien is . A. the founder of Merton College B. the author of The Lord of the Rings
C. the designer of the oldest medieval library D. the owner of the astrolabe in Merton College 31. What do we know about the Bodleian Library? A. It lies in Magdalen College. B. It is the most famous library in the UK. C. It has a collection of 2,500 kinds of books. D. It is smaller than the British Library. D Protecting the heart, warding off cancer, easing the pain of arthritis (关节炎）----the list of Vitamin E’s possible benefits keeps getting longer. Now, because of two new studies, some researchers say the nutrient is so critical for older people that everyone over 65 should consider taking a daily supplement. The latest finding comes from nutrition and immunology respected, Vitamin E boosts the immune system in older people. In an eight-month study of 88 seniors, the scientists found that those taking at least 200 international units (IU) of Vitamin E daily had stronger immune responses than those taking little or none. The Tufts research follows a national study that found Vitamin E delays the progression of Alzheimer’s ( 老年痴呆） disease. Researchers tracked 341 moderately senile ( 高龄的) patients. Those who can take 2000 IU of Vitamin E took seven months longer to reach an advanced stage of the disease. Rang it Kumar Chandra, a vitamin E researcher at Memorial University of New-found land, Canada, says more studies are needed to learn who can benefit most and at what dose. Vitamin E thins the blood, so high amount or overdose can cause bleeding in people who also take blood thinning drugs, even aspirin. Individuals with serious conditions should consult their doctors. But most people over 65, Chandra says, can take up to 200 IU with no side effects and great benefits. 32. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People taking 200 IU got stronger immune defenses than the ones who got only 60 IU B. Researcher has found Vitamin E delays the progression of Alzheimer's disease C. Most of us can get enough Vitamin E from diet.
D. It's important to remember when taking Vitamin E that much more may not be good for health. 高二英语第7 页（共11 页） 33. More study are needed to learn A. Vitamin E's side effects B. who will gain the greatest advantages by taking vitamin E C. Vitamin E's other benefits D. how Vitamin E cuts risks of heart attack 34. What's the MAIN idea of the passage? A. People will be in perfect health if they take Vitamin E every day. B. Study showed that people who took Vitamin E regained their flexibility. C. Vitamin E may help prevent Alzheimer’s. D. Vitamin E offers a range of advantage if old people take proper dose. 35. What can you INFER from the passage? A. Extremely high dose of Vitamin E can cause danger. B. With proper dose of Vitamin E old people could be safer from Alzheimer’s disease. C. Researchers have proved that Vitamin E has no side effects. D. Individuals with serious conditions should consult their doctors. 第二节（共5 小题； 每小题2 分，满分10 分） Exploring Antarctica Without special survival tools, food, and fuel, you wouldn't last long in Antarctica before freezing to death. Yet some animals and plants thrive in the coldest desert on Earth. They have developed special adaptations（适应） to help them survive in the extreme climate. 36 Sensitive eyes. Antarctic sunlight can be very strong. Believe it or not, you risk a bad sunburn in the summer——as well as snow blindness. 37 Thin skin. Your skin can't keep you warm in the subzero temperatures. Please do keep warm. 38 As a mammal, your body can stay warm for a while but not forever. After a few unprotected hours in Antarctica, you would be frozen. Little to eat. Not much grows in this cold desert. Away from the coast, you would soon
starve with nothing to eat. Fur and fat. Seals, penguins, and whales all have a lot of fat to allow them to stay warm in the icy Antarctic seas. 39 Ice eyes. Some Antarctic plants have developed special resistance to the strong UV rays (紫 高二英语第8 页（共11 页） 外线） that come through the hole in the ozone layer during the spring and summer. 40 Fins and teeth. Most of the really tasty, nutritious food lives in the water around Antarctica----- either as plankton or as fish. You'd have to swim and eat like the seals to survive. A. Warm-blooded. B. Here are some useful tips. C. They look very clumsy because of the fat. D. Fur or feathers protect skin from icy waters. E. What adaptations you need to develop to stay alive there? F. In the winter, the days are very dark, making it hard to see in Antarctica. G. Your eyes, too, would need special protection to keep them safe from the sunlight 高二英语第9 页（共11 页） 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节， 满分45 分） 第一节完形填空（共20 小题； 每小题1.5 分，满分30 分） The morning after I got the news that my best friend, Scan Milner, was one of the firefighters who died in an Arizona wildfire in June, I created a Facebook page in 41 of him. Scan and I were like brothers. We met playing baseball when we were eight years old. We 42 life's ups and downs together. He was 26 when he died. I was in 43 when I found out the situation. Friends and I set up a web page with Scan’s 44 photos and information for people to 45 money to Scan's wife, Amanda, and their unborn son, right through Facebook. My sister is a journalist, and she suggested that we arrange everything 46 while the fire was getting national 47 . In the first couple of days, Scan's page got 2,000 likes. Today it has more than 27,000 likes. When Scan’s family drove his ashes 500 miles from Prescott, Arizona, to his 48
in Santa Ynez, California, where he was brought up, firefighters had been standing on every highway overpass. I was surprised at how much it 49 me to see that other people cared. Strangers were sending Facebook messages, 50 baby clothes to Amanda and we've 51 about $ 10,000 for his son's education. One post is from a little boy in Nevada who said, when he 52 he wants to be a firefighter. It 53 touched me. People post messages about what a hero Scan was and they were right. There is a lot of 54 on that Facebook page. I 55 one day; when Scan’s son, Jason, is 56 enough, he will see how 57 his father was through this page. During moment when I miss Scan, I visit the web 58 , and it makes me smile. On my birthday or his birthday or some 59 date, I’ll read the messages and look at the photos that people have posted. It's a way for me to keep his memory 60 .
高二英语第11 页（共11 页） 第二节语法填空（共10 小题； 每小题1.5 分， 满分15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词）或括号内单词的正
郑州一中2015—2016 学年（上）期中联考 高二英语答案 第一部分听力（共两节，满分30 分） 1-20 CBBCA ABACB CBAAA CBACB 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分40 分） 第一节（共15 小题； 每小题2 分，满分30 分） 21-35 BCAB BAB DABD CCDA 第二节（共5 小题； 每小题2 分，满分10 分） 36-40 BFADG 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节， 满分45 分） 第一节完形填空（共20 小题； 每小题1.5 分，满分30 分） 41-60 ABDDB CABCA DDAAA BCBCA 第二节语法填空（共10 小题； 每小题1.5 分， 满分15 分） 61. forward 62. of 63. personal 64. out 65. cooperate 66. rather 67. succeed 68. being 69. accomplishing 70.which 第四部分写作（共两节， 满分35 分） 第一节短文改错（共10 小题； 每小题1 分，满分10 分）
As Christmas is coming, I plan to buy something for my parents. What I want to give back is a VIP card for a health club but neither of them is doing enough exercise. My father works hardly as because hard a teacher, spent most of his time at school. My mother loves reading and often bury herself in her spending buries books. Therefore, all of them should exercise more from now on. both I want to give them this card to express my love and thanks for them. I hope that they will be to able to get relaxing in the health club and make more friend there. At∧ same time, I hope that relaxed friends the they can take care of their health. 第二节书面表达（25 分） （略）