泰兴四中 2015 年秋学期高三期初质量检测 英 语 试 题
第 I 卷（三部分共 85 分）
第一部分听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C-个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时问来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1 Why can?t the man lend the woman his notebook? A. He doesn?t have a notebook. B. He doesn?t bring it with him. C. He will need it himself. 2 Where does the man live now? A. In Washington. B. In New York. C. In Boston. 3 When will the man be in the race? A. On Wednesday. B. On Saturday. C. On Sunday. 4 Why is the woman worried? A. The repairman will not come on Friday. B. She can?t hand in her paper on time. C. She hasn?t finished her paper yet. 5 Where does the conversation take place? A. In a post office. B. In a bookstore. C. In a supermarket. 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6 Why is the man going to the party early? A. To get a good seat. B. To give a gift to George. C. To help George with the party. 7 When will the woman arrive at the party? A. At about 2:00. B. At about 2:15. C. At about 2:30. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8 What are the speakers discussing? A. A new employee. B. A building project. C. The man?s retirement. 9 What does the man say about Allison? A. She will do a good job. B. She is not experienced. C. She gave him much support. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10 When will the dining hall close? A. At about 6:30. B. At about 7:00. C. At about 10:00. 11 Why doesn?t Ann want to eat in the dining hall? A. She is not hungry now. B. She has to prepare for a test.
C. She doesn?t like the food there. 12 What will Bill most probably do right now? A. Order a pizza. B. Cook dinner at home. C. Go to the dining hall. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13 What does Eddie do? A. A travel writer. B. A TV reporter. C. A college student. 14 What do we know about Tom Coogan?s latest book? A. It is his 10th book. B. It is about a horse. C. It took him 16 months. 15 How will Eddie prepare for his talk with Tom Coogan? A. By watching Tom Coogan?s TV program. B. By reading Tom Coogan?s latest book. C. By asking the woman questions. 16 Where will Eddie meet Tom Coogan? A. At Tom Coogan?s house. B. At a TV station. C. At a college. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17 Where should the listeners go if they get lost? A. To the ticket office. B. To the tourist bus. C. To the main gate. 18 What may surprise the listeners? A. There are people living in the palace. B. The palace has become a museum. C. People are dressed in traditional clothes. 19 What should the listeners do before they have their photos taken with the local people? A. Buy their products. B. Ask for their permission. C. Talk with their families. 20 What does the speaker think of the asking price of the local people?s products? A. High. B. Acceptable. C. Low.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 单项选择（共15 小题；每小题1分，满分15分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. — The little boat is ______ safe. Don?t you think so, Mike ? — No worries! I?ve been on this boat dozens of times. A. something but B. nothing but C. anything but D. everything but 22. — What do you think of Peter? — He ______ be really difficult to get along with even though he?s a nice person in general. A. shall B. should C. must D. can 23. However occupied you are with study, try to ______ at least 15 minutes each day to have some exercise. A. put out B. put through C. put off D. put aside 24. ______, a small advertisement held my attention, which read “Easy job. Good wages. No experience necessary.” A. Looking through the newspaper B. While I was looking through the newspaper C. To look through the newspaper D. I was looking through the newspaper
25. —How about your job-hunting？ —No luck．Now，I've reached the stage ________ I don?t care what I do． A. which B． where C．when D. that 26. In societies where social roles are determined, boys usually copy the behavior of their fathers, and girls _____ of their mothers. A. that B. those C. one D. the ones 27. For sustainable development, the government has decided to give _______ to those energy-conserving and environment-friendly businesses in many aspects. A. profit B. interest C. preference D. advantage 28. _______, I have never seen anyone who's as capable as John. A. As long as I have traveled B. Much as I have traveled C. Now that I have traveled so much D. As I have traveled so much 29. All the citizens here strongly insist those caught ____ “harmful” advertisements in the streets _____ punished strictly. A. putting up; will be B. to put up; should be C. being put up; shall D. putting up; be 30.—If I hadn?t been caught in the heavy rain, I could have been back by 7 o?clock. —What a pity！Stella _______ here to see you. A. is B. was C. would be D. has been 31.They felt ________ it was high tax and low income ________ contributed to the extreme misery of the working people at the bottom of the ladder. A. /；that B. that; which C. that; what D. /; which 32. On hearing the news, the girl rushed out without hesitation, ______ the luggage ______ on the floor, and ______ in the dark. A. left, lied, disappeared B. leaving, lying, disappeared C. leaving, lie, disappeared D. left, lay, disappear 33. —The manager has come back from his business trip. He is asking you for the report. — Oh，my god ! I haven?t finished it yet. But he _____ back at the company tomorrow. A. was expected B. will expect C. expected D. will be expected 34. —It?s a long time ________ I saw you last. —Yes，and what a pity！It will be a long time ________ we see each other again. A. since; before B. when; when C. since; when D. before; since 35. — Is there anything else to discuss? —_____________. I guess. A. Not at all B. No, that's all C. Yes, I'm sure D. Yes, of course 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Digital technology has changed the way people access information. Since its 36 in the 80s, when people first experienced another way of life, technologies such as mobile phones and the Internet have become cheap and common. Some people see this as a window of opportunity to 37 effectively with such problems as 38 . They argue that the government should make mobile phone and the Internet 39 free of charge to anyone looking for a job. I 40 with this point of view. In the first place, one of the most common 41 why jobless people can?t find employment is that the skills they have are not 42 or are out of date. More often than not, they can?t keep
pace with society in terms of the knowledge that they 43 .Instead of investing public funds in an expensive infrastructure 44 mobile phones for free to those out of work, the 45 should organize training programmes that people out of work could sign up for in order to 46 new skills. Another argument 47 the idea is the way the use of the Internet and mobile phones would be controlled. It would be technically very 48 to control how these technologies are used, for there has been no successful example to follow in the world. 49 , public funds could be used to provide subsidized(给予补助的) bus or subway tickets for the unemployed who, for example, need to travel for a job interview. 50 , it would be prohibitively expensive to maintain such a system and ensure that it worked properly. The government could invest public funds in training courses for the staff working in 51 centers to make them more 52 at helping the unemployed to find jobs. To sum up, I am 53 that public money should not be wasted on expensive technology, and can be better used to 54 the problem of unemployment by giving the unemployed free and better-quality 55 . 36. A. production B. introduction C. exhibition D. development 37. A. treat B. live C. deal D. work 38. A. crime B. poverty C. unemployment D. education 39. A. available B. affordable C. reliable D. useful 40. A. argue B. disagree C. discuss D. compare 41. A. phenomena B. suggestions C. senses D. reasons 42. A. needed B. accepted C. valued D. considered 43. A. find B. lose C. own D. hear 44. A. distributing B. buying C. making D. updating 45. A. company B. government C. team D. organization 46. A. acquire B. possess C. practice D. apply 47. A. with B. over C. about D. against 48. A. wrong B. important C., challenging D. necessary 49. A. Instead B. Besides C. Therefore D. Still 50. A. However B. Moreover C. Thus D. Secondly 51. A. job B. care C. health D. shopping 52. A. objective B. careful C. convenient D. efficient 53. A. doubtful B. proud C. convinced D. satisfied 54. A. raise B. handle C. debate D. create 55. A. technology B. goods C. life D. training
第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Some children are natural-born bosses. They have a strong need to make decisions, manage their environment, and lead rather than follow. Stephen Jackson, a Year One student, “operates under the theory of what?s mine and what?s yours is mine,” says his mother. “The other day I bought two new Star Wars light sabers(剑). Later, I saw Stephen with the two new ones while his brother was using the beat-up ones.” “Examine the extended family, and you?ll probably find a bossy grandparent, aunt, uncle or cousin in every generation. It?s an inheritable trait,” says Russell Barkley, a professor at the Medical
University of South Carolina. Other children who may not be particularly bossy can gradually gain dominance(支配地位) when they sense their parents are weak, hesitant, or in disagreement with each other. Whether it?s inborn nature or developed character at work, too much control in the hands of the young isn?t healthy for children or the family. Fear is at the root of a lot bossy behavior, says family psychologist John Taylor. Children, he says in his book From Defiance to Cooperation, “have secret feelings of weakness” and “a desire to feel safe.” It?s the parents? role to provide that protection. When a “boss child” doesn?t learn limits at home, the stage is set for a host of troubles outside the family. The overly willful and unbending child may have trouble obeying teachers or coachers, for example, or trouble keeping friends. It can be pretty lonely as the top dog if no one likes your bossy ways. “I see more and more parents giving up their power,” says Barkley, who has st udied bossy behavior for more than 30 years. They bend too far because they don?t want to be as strict as their own parents were. But they also feel less confident about their parenting skills. Their kids, in turn, feel more anxious. 56. Bossy children like Stephen Jackson ______. A. make good decisions B. show self-centeredness C. lack care from others D. have little sense of fear 57. The underlined phrase “inheritable trait” in paragraph 2 means ______. A. inborn nature B. developed character C. accepted theory D. particular environment 58. The study on bossy behavior implies that parents ______. A. should give more power to their children B. should be strict with their children C. should not be so anxious about their children D. should not set limits for their children 59. What is the passage mainly about? A. How bossy behavior can be controlled. B. How we can get along with bossy children. C. What leads to children?s bossy behavior. D. What effect bossy behavior brings about. B Healthy knees aren?t the main considerat ion in choosing high heels, but new research says chunky heels are just as bad for the knees as spindly stilettos (细高跟鞋). “It takes a long time to feel the effects of knee osteoarthritis (骨关节炎) --- and once you do, it is too late,” said Dr. Casey Kerrigan, leading researcher of the study and associate professor at Harvard Medical School?s department of physical medicine. “I compare it to smoking --- one cigarette is not painful, but over a lifetime it is. Wide-heeled shoes feel comfortable, so women wear them all day long, “Kerrigan said. “They are better for your feet than stiletto heels, but just as bad for your knees.” In the study, researchers had twenty women wear two pairs of shoes with three-inch heels, one with a narrow heel and the other with a thick one. The scientists compared how much pressure was put on the women?s knees by both types of shoes. The women also walked barefoot to test normal pressure. The scientists found that both types of shoes applied equal amounts of pressure to the knees. Compared with walking barefoot, the heels increased pressure on the inside of the knee by 26 percent. Increased pressure on the knee eventually leads to arthritis(关节炎), experts say. The idea that high heels are bad for your health isn?t new --- scientists have warned women for years that they contribute to problems ranging from corns to hammer toes, tendonitis, knee pain, sprained (扭伤) ankles and back problems. But in 1998, Kerdgan and a team of Harvard researchers were the first to link high heels and knee osteoarthritis, a painful joint disease that destroys cartilage (软骨) surrounding the knee. The first study looked only at stiletto heels, and Kerrigan said she wanted to study the chunky high-heeled shoes she noticed many women wearing. “This study
confirms what we all intuitively (直觉地) know that high-heeled shoes of any kind are not good for our health,” said Dr. Glenn Pfeifer, a San Francisco doctor and member of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons who was not connected to the study. 60. We learn from the passage that women choose chunky heels because _______. A. they want to walk comfortably B. chunky heeled shoes are cheaper than stiletto heeled pairs C. chunky heels do less harm to knees D. chunky heels are not painful at all 61. It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A. people got to know the high heels are bad for health recently B. people have known the high heels are bad for health for years C. people haven?t known the high heels are bad for health yet D. people will be warned that the high heels are bad for health soon 62. The best title for the passage may be ________. A. Taking Healthy Knees into Consideration B. High-heels Do Harm to Knees C. Chunky Heels and Stiletto Heels D. When Wearing High-heels C “Opinion” is a word that is used carelessly today. It is used to refer to matters of taste, belief, and judgment. This inaccurate use would probably cause little confusion if people didn?t attach too much importance to opinion. Unfortunately, most attach great importance to it. “I have as much right to my opinion as you to yours,?? and ??Everyone?s entitled to his opinion,?? are common expressions. In fact, anyone who would challenge another?s opinion is likely to be branded intolerant. Is that label accurate? Is it intolerant to challenge another?s opinion? It depends on what definition of opinion you have in mind. For example, you may ask a friend ??What do you think of the new Ford cars?” And he may reply, “In my opinion, they?re ugly.” In this case, it would not only be intolerant to challenge his statement, but foolish. For it?s obvious that by opinion he means his personal preference, a matter of taste. And as the old saying goes, ??It?s pointless to argue about matters of taste. But consider this very different use of the term. A newspaper reports that the Supreme Court has delivered its opinion in a controversial(有争议的) case. Obviou sly the justices did not share their personal preferences, their mere likes and dislikes. They stated their considered judgment, painstakingly arrived at after thorough inquiry and deliberation(审议). Most of what is referred to as opinion falls somewhere between these two extremes. It is not an expression of taste. Nor is it careful judgment. Yet it may contain elements of both. It is a view or belief more or less inaccurately arrived at, with or without examining the evidence. Is everyone entitled to his opinion? Of course, this is not only permitted, but guaranteed. We are free to act on our opinions only so long as, in doing so, we do not harm others. 63. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the author? A. Everyone has a right to hold his own opinion. B. Free expression of opinions always leads to confusion. C. Most people tend to be careless in forming their opinions. D. Casual use of the word “opinion” often brings about quarrels. 64. According to the author, who of the following would be labeled as intolerant? A. Someone who turns a deaf ear to others? opinions. B. Someone who can?t put up with others? tastes. C. Someone who values only their own opinions.
D. Someone whose opinion harms other people. 65. The new Ford cars are cited as an example to show that ________. A. it is foolish to criticize a famous brand B. one should not always agree to others? opinions C. personal tastes are not something to be challenged D. it is unwise to express one?s likes and dislikes in public 66. Considered judgment is different from personal preference in that ________. A. it is stated by judges in the court B. it reflects public like and dislikes C. it is a result of a lot of controversy D. it is based on careful thought D A friend of mine, in response to a conversation we were having about the injustices of life, asked me the question, “Who said life was going to be fair, or that it was even meant to be fair?” Her question was a good one. It reminded me of something I was taught as a youngster: Life isn?t fair. It?s disappointing, but it?s absolutely true. One of the mistakes many of us make is that we feel sorry for ourselves, or for others, thinking that life should be fair, or that someday it will be. It?s not and it won?t. One of the nice things about surrendering(屈从) to the fact that life isn?t fair is that it keeps us from feeling sorry for ourselves by encouraging us to do the very best we can with what we have. We know it?s not “life?s job” to make everything perfect, it?s our own challenge. Surrendering to this fact also keeps us from feeling sorry for others because we are reminded that everyone is dealt a different hand; everyone has unique strengths and problems in the process of growing up, facing the reality and making decisions; and everyone has those times that they feel victimized or unfairly treated. The fact that life isn?t fair doesn?t mean we shouldn?t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. To the contrary, it suggests that we should. When we don?t recognize or admit that life isn?t fair, we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves. Pity, of course, is a self-defeating emotion that does nothing for anyone, except to make everyone feel worse than they already do. When we do recognize that life isn?t fair, however, we feel compassion(热情) for others and for ourselves. And compassion is a heartfelt emotion that delivers loving-kindness to everyone it touches. The next time you find yourself thinking about the injustices of the world, try reminding yourself of this very basic fact. You may be surprised that it can persuade you out of self-pity and into helpful action. 67. The writer thought of his friend?s question as a good one because _______. A. he also wanted to know who held such an opinion B. it made him recall something during his childhood C. like his friend, he also thought life was unfair D. he learned something from the question as a youngster 68. Surrendering to the fact that life isn?t fair will ________. A. keep us from making everything perfect B. keep us from doing everything in our power C. make us face unfair treatment bravely D. make us know it?s our duty to perfect things 69. The second paragraph of the passage mainly tells us that ________. A. it?s nice to accept the injustice of life B. it?s nice to surrender to the life C. we should not surrender to the life D. we should not feel sorry for everything 70. In the last paragraph, “this very basic fact” refers to the fact that _______. A. you should not pity for others B. life isn?t and won?t be fair C. compassion is heartfelt emotion D. pity is a self-defeating emotion
第 II 卷（两部分共 35 分）
第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文 ,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 l 个单词。 Chronic disorganization （慢性失序症） occurs when one is habitually disorganized over a long period, which means the person is constantly unsystematic in how he conducts life and business. One suffering from this problem may find relief in the fact that it isn?t actually a disease or even an “ official” disorder. It?s the continued lack of organization in one?s life. Someone may become addicted to collecting a certain thing yet never organize the collection as it grows out of control. This can especially be a problem for those with a lot of time and money at hand, yet the problem can be serious for any type of person in a wide variety of situation. One?s personal attitude can often be a big part of why the chronic disorganization exists. Once the attitude of acceptance about being a “slob” is in someone?s head, it?s hard to remove. If someone tells himself that he is a slob, he will likely live up to that self-image created by him or by those around him. One first receives true awareness of the disorder of chronic disorganization when it starts to negatively affect relationships with friends and family members. Everybody becomes affected by this situation, especially those sharing living places with the one involved. The National Study Group for Chronic Disorganization (HSGCD) recommends that one get help through a professional organizer. The study found that all of the subjects in the study had problems with making decisions. There were varied reasons given for this problem of decision-making. Among them were fears and prioritizing issues. Research is ongoing for the link between problems in decision-making and chronic disorganization. Chronic disorganization often begins with situational disorganization, something most people experience at some point. Someone who has lost someone significant to him may start to be troubled by disorganization after a divorce. Someone who experienced changes in life and in his career may intend to let things like organization and order fall by the wayside. However, one doesn?t instantly have chronic disorganization. “ If you?re going through hell, keep going.” That?s an old saying that?s true about one?s struggles with chronic disorganization. Every person has the power to change within himself. It?s a matter of staying organized, one day at a time. Those who have left chronic disorganization in the past have often done so by promising to stay organized simply for that single day.
◆It means that the person has a(n) 72____▲______ of being disorganized in life and business over a long period.
Recognizing the problem
◆One example is that an addict 73 ____▲_______ to organize the collection. ◆The 74_____▲______ of chronic disorganization is partly affected by one?s personal attitude. ◆One doesn?t realize the disorder of chronic disorganization until it has 75_____▲_______ effects on the relationships with friends and family members.
The 76 _______ ▲ _____ of the study
◆All subjects in the study suffer from the problem of poor decision-making, which is 77 ______▲_______ with chronic disorganization. ◆Losing someone significant, 79 _____▲________ a divorce or changes in one?s life and career. ◆When in struggle with chronic disorganization, every person has the 80_____ ▲________ to change, at least one single day at a time.
第五部分：书面表达(满分 25 分)
In China, an online shopping festival falls on November 11 when millions of Chinese shoppers go to Tmall.com and Taobao.com. In 2013, Tmall and Taobao together made 19.1 billion in sales on that day. However, in 2014, the shopping festival kicked off with an even stronger start—sales hit 100 million yuan 55 seconds after midnight and reached 35 billion at the end of the day. This is just one of many companies that did business on that day. What does this material reflect? What is behind the phenomenon? And what are your comments and advice on it? 注意： 1. 词数 150 左右。开头已给出，不计入总词数。 2. 参考词汇：理性的 rational With the swift development of the Internet, _______________________________
班级___________ 姓名___________ 任务型阅读：
泰兴四中 2015 年秋学期高三期初质量检测 英语试题答题纸
71_____________ 72 ___________ 73______________ 74 _____________75 ____________ 76_____________ 77 ___________78 _____________ 79_____________ 80_____________ 书面表达： With the swift development of the Internet, ___________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 座位号_________
泰兴四中 2015 年秋学期高三期初质量检测 英语试题答案 听 力： CABBA CBCAB BCCAB ACABA 单项填空： CDDBB ACBDB ABAAB 完形填空： BCCAB DACAB ADCAB ADCBD 阅读理解： BABC ABB ABCD CDAB 任务型阅读：
71 Definition / Meaning 76 finding(s) / discovery 79 experiencing 书面表达： One possible version： 72 habit 73 fails 74 existence 77 linked / connected / associated 80 power
75 negative / bad 78 signs
With the swift development of the Internet, we can see online shopping has become a new trend in our daily life. There are several factors behind this phenomenon. First of all, it is very convenient for people to purchase what they want or like with the Internet easily accessible via their computers or cellphones. Second, people shopping online have more choices of goods than those in real shops and are able to save time as well. Third, the relatively low prices on the Internet also account for higher sales online. In my opinion, as the pace of life quickens, it is natural for people to choose online shopping to save time and energy. But when we enjoy the convenience it brings us, we should be careful because sometimes the quality of goods cannot be guaranteed. Furthermore, we ? d better stay rational and just buy what we really need, otherwise it would cause a waste of money and resources.