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高中状语从句讲解及习题

高中状语从句讲解及习题


高中状语从句讲解+练习 高中英语状语从句用法解析 一、 定义: 在句中作状语的从句是状语从句,修饰主句中的动词、形容词或副词等。状语从句由从属连 词引导,从属连词在句中不充当句子成分,只起连接作用,状语从句放在句首时,要用逗号, 放在句尾时不用。 二、 分类 根据意义上的不同,状语从句可分为: ①时间状语从句 ④目的状语从句 ⑦让步状语从句 ②地点状语从句 ⑤条件状语从句 ⑧方式状语从句 ③原因状语从句 ⑥结果状语从句 ⑨比较状语从句

三、 时间状语从句 主句是一般将来时,时间状语从句____________表将来:“主将从现”;主句是一般过 去时,从句用____________。 (一)引导时间状语从句的连词有: As, when (whenever), before, after, as soon as, until (till), since, every time, once. (二)、 具体应用 1)“while” 主、从句动作或状态同时发生。用 while 引导的从句用__________动词, 记忆:While 后用进行时。 (当我们正在吃晚饭) Please keep quiet While watching TV. 2)When 表示“就在??的时候”, One evening Beethoven was walking in a street, ________________(他突然停了下 来)outside a little house. while 意为虽然,然而,表示转折。 __________________________我喜欢打篮球,而我弟弟喜欢踢足球。 _____________________________我正在写作业,而他在看电视。 ———————————————— 我穿着蓝色的衣服,而他穿着绿色的衣服。 ——————————————— 虽然他喜欢他的学生,但是他对他们很严格。
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, all the lights went out. (当别人学习的时候)。 (昨天晚上我正在写信的时候)he was

While 翻译成“趁着 ” Strike while the iron is hot. 趁热打铁。 __________________________趁年轻好好学习。 3) Whenever 无论什么时候,随时 1. Whenever someone throws in some rubbish, the truck produces a piece of music. 每当有人扔进一些垃圾时,它(汽车)就放一段音乐。 2. 每当我们遇到麻烦的时候,他都会帮我们 ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________每当我有时间,我就去看电影。 4) till 和 until(表示“直到??”)句首多用 until 1、在肯定句中表示“直到??为止”,主句谓语动词要用延续性动词。 I was waiting until/till he arrived. 2、在否定句中表示“直到??才”主句谓语动词常用终止性动词,这时 until 和 till 常被 before 替换。 I didn' t leave till/until she came back. 5) since: 主句用________,从句用________________________,since 引导的从句间或可 用现在完成时。 1. We have been friends (ever since) since we met at school.2.I have been at home since three o' clock this afternoon. 3. Maria has been in China since two years ago. 4.我们已经认识彼此了自从我们五岁。 3. It is ?? (一段时间)+since+一般过去时态句子。 自从我姐姐结婚已经两年了。 Since+时间点 6)Every time, each time, next time Every time you get back at night, you drop your boots on the floor. Every time _______________我感冒, I have pain in my back. 下次我去那______________________, I will visit them. 7)特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. 7)once 一旦?就 Once you begin, you must go on. 你一开了头,就应该继续下去。 四、 地点状语从句 地点状语从句用 where, wherever 引导 We should go where the people need us.我们应该去人民需要我们的地方。 Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者,事竟成。 Wherever they went, they received a worm welcome. 无论他们走到哪儿都受到热烈欢迎。 She follow him _______________ 他无论到哪里她总跟着。
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五、 原因状语从句 原因状语从句用 because(因为),since(既然), as(由于)引导 1.字母由多到少,语气由强到弱。 2、 由 why 提问必须用 because 回答。Why didn' t he come to school? Because he was ill. Since, as 不回答 why 的提问,而且从句一般放在句首,because 一般放在主句之后。 3、 before of +名词 _____________________由于下雨, we didn' t go to the park. 4、 because 和 so 不可连用,只能选其一。(另有 although, but 5、 for 并列连词,不能放在句首,主要放在两个并列句之间。For 所提供的理由为一个补充 说明,而且前面常有_____________隔开。 The days are short, for it is December now. 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, given that, considering that, Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference. Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable. 六、 目的状语从句 目的状语从句用 so(常用于口语), that, so that, in order that 引导 目的状语从句的谓语常含有 may, might, can, could, should, would 等情态动词。 1. We'll sit never to the front so we can hear well. 2. He studied hard so that he might succeed. 3. I'll speak slowly so that you can take notes. 4. They hurried to the station in order that they could catch the train. 5. I took a taxi so that I could get there earlier. 6. I’m going to the lecture early so that I may get a good seat. 七、 条件状语从句 条件状语从句由 if, unless, (so) as long as(只需)引导 在条件状语从句中要用一般时表示将来时(与时间状语从句相同) We will miss the train if you don' t hurry. You will fail the exam unless you study hard. = (if you don’t study hard) He won’t come unless he is invited. = (if he isn't invited) Eat less food unless you want to become fatter. = (if you don’t want to become better) As long as you are not afraid of difficulties, you are sure to succeed. As long as you don't lose heart, you will succeed. 特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying. Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 八、 结果状语从句 结果状语从句由 such?that, so?.that, so that, that 引导 1. Such? that 的常用句型
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such +a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+that such +形容词+可数名词单数+that Such+形容词+可数名词复数(不可数名词)+that 注意 so many (much, few, little) +名词,such a lot of (或 lots of)+名词是惯用法, 不可乱用。 She is ____________________那么漂亮的女孩 that we all like her. It was ______________________那么美味好吃的食物 that they ate it up. 2. so+形容词或副词+that so+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数+that He is so rich that he can buy lot of things for himself. 倒装 ____________________________________ He works so hard that he did everything well.倒装_________________________ 天气是如此地热,以至于我们都去游泳了———————————— It was such a good day that we all went swimming. 3.so that, that 都可以引导结果状语从句 He didn't study hard, (so) that he failed the exam. 4. Too?to, enough?to 可以引导结果状语从句 She is young that she can’t go to school. She is too young to go to school. She isn't old enough to go to school.例句 他不够高去打篮球 1 2 3 九、 让步状语从句 常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。 The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. He won’t listen whatever you may say. however = no matter how whatever = no matter what whoever = no matter who whenever = no matter when wherever = no matter where *although 和 though 都表示 “虽然” 只是 although 更正式, 多用于____________, though 而 用于句中,二者都可与 yet, still 连用,但不与 but 连用
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Although/Though they are poor, they often help others. They are poor, but they often help others. Although he has failed many times, he doesn' t give up trying. Whatever/No matter what you say, I won' t believe you. No matter what you say, I don' t care. No matter who you are, you must obey the rules of our school. However hard he tried, he failed again. No matter what the weather is like, you can always find surfers out riding the waves. 十、 方式状语从句 方式状语从句由 as(如同,按照),as if (though)引导 *as 和 like 都有“像”的意思,as 是连词,后面连接句子,like 是介词后面可加名词、代 词或名词性短语。 特殊引导词:the way When in Rome, do as the Roman do. She behaved as if she were the boss. Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us. I did the work as others did. You must do as I do. as if(though)两者意义相同, 从句谓语动词常用虚拟语气,但实现可能性较大,则用连接词。 It seems as if/though it’s going to rain. They are talking as if/though they were old friends. She treats me as if I were her brother. When you are in home,do as the Romans do. 例 You must do ______ I told you. A. after B. before C. where D. as (D) The students must do ______ the teacher told them. A. as B. before C. after D. if (A) He doesn' t swim as well as you (do). The busier he is, the happier he feels.

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状语从句练习题(答案本期找)

1.I’ll let you know ____ he comes back. A. before B. because C. as soon as D. although 2. She will sing a song ____ she is asked. A. if B. unless C. for D. since 3. We will work ____ we are needed. A. whenever B. because C. since D. wherever 4. Read it aloud _____ the class can hear you. A. so that B. if C. when D. although 5._____ you go, don't forget your people. A. Whenever B. However C. Wherever D. Whichever 6. It is about ten years _____ I met you last. A. since B. for C. when D. as 7. They will never succeed, _____ hard they try. A. because B. however C. when D. since 8. _____ still half drunk, he made his way home. A. When B. Because C. Though D. As 9. _____ she was very tired, she went on working. A. As B. Although C. Even D. In spite of 10. Busy _____ he was, he tried his best to help you. A. as B. when C. since D. for 11. I learned a little Russian _____ I was at middle school. A. though B. although C. as if D. when 12. _____ we got to the station, the train had left already. A. If B. Unless C. Since D. When 13. _____ the rain stops, we' 11 set off for the station. A. Before B. Unless C. As soon as D. Though 14. She was _____ tired _____ she could not move an inch. A. so, that B. such, that C. very, that D. so, as 15. We didn’t go home _____ we finished the work. A. since B. until C. because D. though 16. I'll stay here _____ everyone else comes back. A. even if B. as though C. because D. until 17. Although it's raining, _____ are still working in the field. A. they B. but they C. and they D. so they 18. Speak to him slowly _____ he may understand you better. A. since B. so that C. for D. because 19. You'll miss the train ______ you hurry up. A. unless B. as C. if D. until 20. When you read the book, you' d better make a mark _____ you have any questions. A. at which B. at where C. the place D. where 21. We'd better hurry ______ it is getting dark. A. and B. but C. as D. unless 22. I didn' t manage to do it _____ you had explained how.
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A. until B. unless C. when D. before 23._____ he comes, we won't be able to go. A. Without B. Unless C. Except D. Even 24. I hurried _____ I wouldn't be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 25. _____ I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. A. Every time B. Though C. Even D. Where 26. What's the matter _____ they still haven't answered the telegram? A. when B. that C. though D. however 27. Bring it nearer _____ I may see it better. A. although B. even though C. so that D. since 28. You may arrive in Beijing early _____ you mind taking the night train. A. that B. though C. unless D. if 29. Helen listened carefully _____ she might discover exactly what she needed. A. in that B. in order that C. in case D. even though 30. More people will eat out in restaurants _____ they do today. A. than B. when C. while D. as 31._____ hard she tries, she can hardly avoid making mistakes in her homework. A. Much B. However C. As D. Although 32. Poor _____ it may be, there is no place like home, _____ you may go. A. as; wherever B. though; whenever C. in spite of; when D. that; wherever 33. The child was __ immediately after supper. A. enough tired to go to bed B. too tired to go to bed C. so tired that he went to bed D. very tired, he went to bed 34. The history of nursing __ the history of man. A. as old as B. is old than C. that is as old as D. is as old as 35. _____ born in Chicago, the author was famous for his stories about New York. A. Since B. Once C. When D. Although 36._____ we stood at the top of the building, the people below were hardly visible. A. As B. Although C. Unless D. In spite of 37. Scarcely was George Washington in his teens _____ his father died. A. than B. as C. while D. when 38. _____ David goes, he is welcome. A. Whichever B. However C. Wherever D. Whatever 39. The house stood _____ there had been a rock. A. which B. at which C. when D. where 40. Small _____ it is, the pen is a most useful tool. A. because B. so C. if D. as 41. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced _____ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as 42. The piano in the other shop will be _____, but _____. A. cheaper; not as better B. more cheap; not as better C. cheaper; not as good D. more cheap; not as good 43. John plays football _____, if not better than, David.
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A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 44. Although he is considered a great writer, A. his works are not widely read B. but his works are not widely read C. however his works are not widely read D. still his works are not widely read 45. ___ the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 46.—What was the party like? —Wonderful. It' s years _____ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. when C. before D. since 47. It was not _____ she took off her dark glasses _____ I realized she was a famous film star. A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when D. when; then 48. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, _____ great it is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever 49. After the war, a new school building was put up _____ there had once been a theatre. A. that B. where C. which D. when 50._____, Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is 51. He will come to call on you the moment he ____ his painting. A. will finish B. finished C. has finished D. had finished 52. ____ difficult the task may be, we will try our best to complete it in time. A. No matter B. No wonder C. Though D. However 53. It was ____ that she couldn’t finish it by herself. A. so difficult a work B. such a difficult work C. so difficult work D. such difficult work

Keys:1-5 CADAC 6-10 ABCBA 11-15 DDCAB 16-20 DABAD 21-25 CABBA 26-30 BCCBD 31-35 BACDD 36-40 ADCDD 41-45 CCBAD 46-50 DBCBD 51-53 CDD

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