第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分35 分) 第一节: 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分, 满分15分) 21. Beijing is a world-famous city, _______ where the central government of China lies. A. it mean somebody‘s life. A. that B. which C. when D. where 23. The fear of failing exams can cause you to panic, and stress can be a(n) _______ to your performance at school. A. invitation B. motivation C. block D. reception 24. --They say my train arrives at 2:00 p.m. --By the time you arrive, I _______ for several hours. A. will work C. was working A. what was time reading. A. to not having C. not to have B. not to having D. not having B. what is B. am working D. will have been working C. where is D. where was B. one C. the one D. that 22. Being a doctor is one of the few professions, _______ if you make a mistake, it can
25. The newly-built museum is located at _______ vast farmland. 26. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have got accustomed _______ TV, and they spend most of spare
27. —Next week I will go to a job interview. Will you give me some suggestions? —Smiling is a great way to make yourself _________. A. hold out happy time together. A. Unless about income. A. need not to think C. did not need think AD 200 from the Pacific islands of Polynesia. A. moving B. to have moved C. having moved D. to move 31.Rescue services in Western societies take principle that children are not mature enough to make life choices, ______ take care of themselves. A. rather than A. where was it C. where it was that
B. turn out
C. stand out
D. pick out
28. ________ there are cultural differences, people from different countries can enjoy a B. As long as C. Where D. While
29. As an innocent child, I _________ about hardships such as problems at work or worry B. didn‘t need to think D. need not thinking
30. The Maori people are believed by some scholars ________ to New Zealand at round
B. or rather
C. let alone B. it was where D. where was it that
D. apart from
32. It‘s a familiar face to me, but I can‘t remember ________ I met him.
33. --Haven‘t your returned the books to the school library? --No, I _______, but I forgot. A. should A. Had she been given C. Should she get B. ought to be C. should have B. If she were given D. If she would be given D. must have 34. _______ more chances, she might have achieved greater progress.
35. --What about my works? Aren‘t they beautiful? --___________, but you shouldn‘t have drawn such things at tourist spots. A. No problem C. No wonder B. No offence D. No doubt
第二节: 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1 分, 满分20 分) Years ago, when I was looking for my first job, wise advisers told me, ―Barbara, be enthusiastic! Enthusiasm will take you 36 than any amount of experience.‖ How right 37 drive into an adventure, extra work they were! Enthusiastic people can turn a/an into an opportunity and strangers into friends. ―Nothing great was ever inner voice 38 without enthusiasm． ‖ wrote Waldo Emerson． It is the 39 , ―I can do it!‖ When others shout, ―No, you can‘t!‖ 40 accepted. Yet she didn‘t stop working on 41 for her that she never thought of 43 their age. 44
It took years and years for the early work of Barbara Mclintock, a geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in medicine, to be stopping. It is hope 42 gives enthusiastic people such a youthful air, 45 At 90, musician Pablo Casals would start his day by playing Bach. As the music his fingers, his beat shoulders would of Wellsville, Kan, was 68 47 for Casals, was an exciting thing that made life a never – ending she began to draw. This activity 49 that she has suffered from for 30 years, and the her experiments. Work was such a deep
and joy would reappear in his eyes. Music, 46 . Elizabeth Layton 48 the depression 50 ‖
of her work led one critic (评论家)
to say, ―I have to call Layton a genius. Elizabeth had rediscovered her 51
How do you rediscover the enthusiasm of your childhood? The answer, I believe, the word itself. ―Enthusiasm‖ comes from the Greek and means ―God within‖. And 52 else but a sense of love – a proper love of self, that is self – 53 . 54 money or fame or power. If we ―God within‖ is
acceptance, and the love of others
Enthusiastic people also love what they do,
cannot do what we love as a full – time career, we can do it as a part – time 55 . 36．A. further B．less C．better D. farther 37．A. interesting B．long C．boring D. short 38．A. discovered B．achieved C．sought D. described 39．A. says B．talks C．quarrels D. whispers 40．A. frankly B．generally C．honestly D. warmly
41．A. pleasure 42．A. which 43．A. whenever 44．A. went through 45．A. strengthen 46．A. routine 47．A. after 48．A. ended 49．A. amount 50．A. enthusiasm 51．A. consists of 52．A. something 53．A. follows 54．A. in spite of 55．A. goal
B．success B．what B．whichever B．pulled through B．widen B．adventure B．while B．completed B．quality B．strength B．dates from B．anything B．runs B．regardless of B．task
C．feeling C．since C．whatever C．got through C．lighten C．trip C．until C．began C．beauty C．advantage C．lies in C．nothing C．goes C．because of C．interest
D. love D. that D. wherever D. flowed through D. straighten D. travel D. when D. started D. atmosphere D. power D. belongs to D. none D. accompanies D. or rather D. assignment
第三部分: 阅读理解(共15 小题; 每小题2 分, 满分30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
56. To buy tickets ahead of time to visit Windsor Castle, you can ________． A. go to the royal collection B. sign up for an e－Newsletter
C. dial 020 7766 7304 D. call 020 7766 7324 57. If a couple with 2 sons aged 16 visit Windsor Castle, how much should they pay for the admission? ________ A.￡44.75. B.￡51.4. C.￡54.95. D.￡54.4. 58. If you have converted(转换) your ticket into a 1－Year Pass, you can ________ for a year from the date of your first visit. A. visit Windsor Castle many times for free B. visit Windsor Castle once again for free C. enter Windsor Castle directly without tickets D. receive a stamp after visiting Windsor Castle 59. Which of the following statements about Windsor Castle is NOT true? ________ A. The opening times are different during the year. B. Windsor Castle is a palace where royal members work. C. St George's Chapel is accessible to visitors every night. D. The opening arrangements often change without notice.
? ? When I was a child I never said, "When I grow up, I want to be a CEO," but here I am. When I look back on my career, I realize the road to becoming a CEO isn't a straight, clearly clarified path. In fact, no two paths are the same. But whether you want to be a boss one day or not, there's a lot to learn from how leaders rise to the top of successful companies. As this series of stories shows, the paths to becoming a CEO may vary, but the people in that position share the qualities of commitment, work ethic（守则）and a strong desire for building something new. And every CEO takes risks along the way—putting your life savings on the line to start a software company or leaving a big business to be one of the first employees at a startup. I grew up in Minnesota, and learned how to be an entrepreneur（企业家）from my father, who has run a small business for almost 30 years. I went to Georgetown University and tried a lot of business activities in college with varying degrees of success. And I always had a dream job pattern: to walk to work, work for myself and build something for consumers. I'm only 29, so it's been a quick ride to CEO. Out of college, I worked for AOL as a product manager, then moved to Revolution Health and ran the consumer product team. In mid-2007 I left Revolution Health and started Living Social with several other colleagues, where I became a CEO. Career advice: Don't figure out where you want to work, or even what industry you'd like to work at．Figure out what makes you do so．What gives you a really big rush? Answer why you like things, not what you like doing…and then apply it to your work life. Also, just because you're graduating, don't stop learning. Read more books than you did in college. If you do, and they're not, you're really well-positioned to succeed in whatever you do. 60. The first paragraph tells us _______. A．the author hasn't achieved his childhood ambition．
B．the author thinks there is some easy way to become a CEO. C．the author had an ambition of becoming a CEO in his childhood. D．the author believes success stories of CEOs can be beneficial to everybody. 61. According tot the author, successful CEOs should _______. A．try not to take risks C．have a strong sense of creativity B．stay in the same business D．save every possible penny
62. What can we know about the author from the passage? ________ A．He started Living Social when he was still a student of Georgetown University． B．His father had far-reaching influence on him． C．His business activities at college ended up in more failure than success． D．He used to run the consumer product team for AOL． 63. Which of the following proverbs （谚语）may the author agree with according to the last paragraph? _______ A．One is never too old to learn. C．Time and tide wait for no man. B．Everything comes to him who waits. D．Well begun is half done．
The automobile industry will still rank as the most profitable and powerful industry of the twenty – first century. There were presently one billion cars on earth in 2010, or about one car for every seven people sales of the automobile industry stand at about a trillion dollars, making it the world‘s biggest manufacturing industry. The car, and the roads it travels on, will be revolutionized in the twenty-first century. The key to tomorrow's ―smart cars‖ will be sensors. ―We'll see vehicles and roads that see and hear and feel and smell and talk and act,‖ predicts Bill Spreitzer, technical director of General Motors Corporation's ITS program, which is designing the smart car and road of the future. Approximately 40,000 people are killed each year in the United States in traffic accidents. The number of people that are killed or badly injured in car accidents is so vast that we don't even bother to mention them in the newspapers anymore. Fully half of these fatalities come from drunk drivers, and many others from carelessness. A smart car could eliminate most of these car accidents. It can sense if a driver is drunk via electronic sensors that can pick up alcohol vapor in the air, and refuse to start up the engine. The car could also alert the police and provide its precise location if it is stolen. Smart cars have already been built which can monitor one's driving and the driving conditions nearby. Small radars hidden in the bumpers can scan for nearby cars. Should you make a serious driving mistake (e.g., change lanes when there is a car in your "blind spot") the computer would sound an immediate warning. By 2020, as the price of microchips drops to below a penny a piece telemetric (远程信 息技术) could be adopted in thousands of miles of highways in the United States. This
could prove to be an environmental benefit as well, saving fuel, reducing traffic jams, decreasing air pollution, and serving as an alternative to highway expansion. 64．What can we infer from the first paragraph? _______ A．The population of the world was less than six billion in 2010. B．The automobile industry was the most profitable industry in the twentieth century. C．Most people in the world would use public vehicles rather than use private cars. D．Sales of the automobile industry will get less and less because of the global crisis. 65．Which of the following can best describe the attitude of Bill Spreader towards future cars? _______ A．doubtful. B．negative. C．indifferent. D．hopeful. 66．Why are people in the US uninterested in the traffic accidents? _______ A．Because they have no time to pay attention to the traffic accidents. B．Because they have never been worried about other‘s business. C．Because the traffic accidents are so common and frequent. D．Because the traffic accidents are not related to them. 67．Which of the following is closes in meaning to the underlined word ―fatalities‖ in the third paragraph? ________ A．tools B．wines C．cars D．deaths?
I was puzzled! Why was this old woman making such a fuss about an old copse which was of no use to anybody? She had written letters to the local paper, even to a national, protesting about a projected by-pass to her village, and, looking at a map, the route was nowhere near where she lived and it wasn‘t as if the area was attractive. I wa s more than puzzled, I was curious. The enquiry into the route of the new by-pass to the village was due to take place shortly, and I wanted to know what it was that motivated her. So it was that I found myself knocking on a cottage door, being received by Mary Smith and then being taken for a walk to the woods. ―I‘ve always loved this place,‖ she said, ―it has a lot of memories for me, and for others. We all used it. They called it ?Lovers lane‘. It‘s not much of a lane, and it doesn‘t go anywhere important, but that‘s why we all came here. To be away from people, to be by ourselves.‖ she added. It was indeed pleasant that day and the songs of many birds could be heard. Squirrels watched from the branches, quite bold in their movements, obviously few people passed this way and they had nothing to fear. I could imagine the noise of vehicles passing through these peaceful woods when the by-pass was built, so I felt that she probably had something there but as I hold strong opinions about the needs of the community over-riding the opinions of private individuals, I said nothing. The village was quite a dangerous place because of the traffic especially for old people and children, their safety was more important to me than an old woman‘s strange ideas.
―Take this tree,‖ she said pausing after a short while. ―To you it is just that, a tree. Not unlike many others here.‖ She gently touched the bark, ―Look here, under this branch, what can you see?‖ ―It looks as if someone has done a bit of carving with a knife.‖ I said after a cursory inspection. ―Yes, that‘s what it is!‖ she said softly. She went on, ―He had a penknife with a spike for getting stones from a horse's hoof, and I helped him to carve them. We were very much in love, but he was going away, and could not tell me what he was involved in the army. I had guessed of course. It was the last evening we ever spent together, because he went away the next day, back to his Unit.‖ Mary Smith was quiet for a while, then she sobbed. ―His mother showed me the telegram. ?Sergeant R Holmes …Killed in action in the invasion of France.‘…‖ ―I had hoped that you and Robin would one day get married.‖ she said, ―He was my only child, and I would have loved to be a Granny, they would have been such lovely babies‘- she was like that! ‖ ―Two years later she too was dead. ?Pneumonia (肺炎), following a chill on the chest‘ was what the doctor said, but I think it was an old fashioned broken heart. A child would have helped both of us.‖ There was a further pause. Mary Smith gently caressed the wounded tree, just as she would have caressed him. ―And now they want to take our tree away from me.‖ Another quiet sob, then she turned to me. ―I was young and pretty then, I could have had anybody, I wasn‘t always the old woman you see here now. I had everything I wanted in life, a lovely man, health and a future to look forward to.‖ She paused again and looked around. The breeze gently moved through the leaves with a sighing sound. ―There were others, of course, but no one can match my Robin!‖ she said strongly. ―And now I have nothing - except the memories this tree holds. If only I could get my hands on that awful man who writes in the paper about the value of the road they are going to build where we are standing now, I would tell him. Has he never loved, has he never lived, does he not know anything about memories? We were not the only ones, you know, I still meet some who came here as Robin and I did. Yes, I would tell him!‖ I turned away, sick at heart. 68. The main purpose of this passage is to ________. A. draw attention to the damage that wars cause B. persuade people to give up private interest C. arouse the awareness of being environmentally friendly D. introduce a touching but sad love story 69. The underlined sentence ―I felt that she probably had something there‖ means ________.
A. I thought there might be something hidden in the woods by Mary Smith B. I guessed there might be a story related with Mary Smith C. I thought there might be some reason for Mary Smith‘s protest D. I guessed there might be a secret purpose of Mary Smith. 70. What was probably the carving on the wounded tree? ________ A. Their names and a heart with a sign of arrow through it. B. Their wish that this place and tree would last long. C. The date when Robin Holmes would leave for army. D. Their protest against the war which tore them apart. 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 个单词 。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 ．．．．．．1 ． ．．． Roommates Conflicts Identical twins Katie and Sarah Monahan arrived at Pennsylvania’s Gettysburg College last year determined to strike out on independent paths. Although the 18-year-old sisters had requested rooms in different dorms, the housing office placed them on the eighth floor of the same building, across the hall from each other. While Katie got along well with her roommate, Sarah was miserable. She and her roommate silently warred over matters ranging from when the lights should be turned off to how the furniture should be arranged. Finally, they divided the room in two and gave up on oral communication, communicating primarily through short notes. During this time, Sarah kept running across the hall to seek comfort from Katie. Before long, the two wanted to live together again. Sarah’s roommate eventually agreed to move out. “From the first night we lived together again, we felt so comfortable,” says Sarah. “We felt like we were back home.” Sarah’s ability to solve her dilemma by rooming with her identical twin is unusual, but the conflict she faced is not. Despite extensive efforts by many schools to make good roommate matches, unsatisfactory outcomes are common. Differences in preferred life styles and personalities contribute to the conflict. One roommate is always cold, while the other never wants to turn up the furnace, even though the thermometer says it’s minus five outside. One person likes quiet, while the other person spends two hours a day practicing the trumpet, or turns up his sound system to the point where the whole room vibrates. Most roommate conflicts spring from such small, annoying differences rather than from grand disputes over abstract philosophical principles. However, if not dealt with carefully, they will eventually tear roommates apart. Roommate conflicts do harm to students’ psychological health and cause depression. Worse still, depression in college roommates is often passed from one person to another. In extreme cases, roommate conflict can lead to serious violence, as it did at Harvard last spring: One student killed her roommate before committing suicide. Many schools have started conflict resolution programs to calm tensions that otherwise can build up like a volcano preparing to explode, ultimately resulting in physical violence. Some colleges have resorted to “roommate contracts” that all new students have to sign after attending a seminar on
roommate relations. The contracts cover terms like acceptable hours for study and sleep, a policy for use of each other’s possessions, etc. Other schools have attended to the problem by using computerized matching, a process that nevertheless remains more of a guessing game than a science. Students are classified and distributed based on their responses to housing form questions about smoking tolerance, preferred hours of study and sleep, and self-described tendencies toward tidiness or disorder. However, parents sometimes weaken the process by taking the forms and filling in false and wishful data about their children habits, especially on the smoking questions. The matching process is also complicated by a philosophical debate among housing managers concerning the flavor of university life: “Do you put together people who are similar – or different, so they can learn about each other?” A cartoon sums up the way many students feel the process works: Surrounded by a mass of papers, a housing worker picks up two selection forms and exclaims, “Likes chess, likes football; they’re perfect together!” Title :Roommates Conflicts Passage outline to take their (71) An example to introduce the topic Sarah had (72) matters. ◇Roommate conflicts are quite (73) (74) ▲ of roommate conflicts ◇Students (75) personalities. ◇Small annoying differences are not (76) ▲ with carefully. Negative impacts of roommate conflicts ◇Roommate conflicts may lead to little or no communication. ◇Roommate conflicts can damage students’ (77) causing depression or even violence. ◇Some colleges have resorted to “roommate contracts”: (78) ▲ solve conflicts taken to roommate All new comers have to sign a contract, (79) acceptable hours for study and sleep, and so on. ◇Other schools have tried using computerized matching: Students are put into different rooms (80) responses to housing form questions. ▲ to their ▲ terms like ▲ health, ▲ ▲ in college dorms. in their preferred lifestyles and Supporting details ◇Katie and Sarah came to study at Gettysburg College, determined ▲ ▲ paths. wars with her roommate over daily ◇While Katie enjoyed a friendly relationship with her roommate,
第五部分 书面表达（满分 20 分） 根据以下图表写一篇英语短文。内容应包含以下要点：
1. 根据图表描述中国目前空气状况； 2. 简要分析产生这种现象的原因； 3. 试提出改善空气质量的措施。 注意： 1. 可参照图表所给提示做必要的发挥。 2. 词数 150 左右，开头已经写好，不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在的学校和本人姓名。
89.33% 空气质量好的城市 空气质量差的城市
Nowadays, the air quality in China has raised widespread concern. As is indicated in the picture, ______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ________________________请在答题纸上作答 _________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
Nowadays, the air quality in China has raised widespread concern. As is indicated in the picture, 46.02% of the residents are dissatisfied with the present quality of the air in cities and the percentage of people exposed to bad air is 57.99%. What’s more, the pie chart demonstrates that only 10.67% of cities can enjoy high quality air while cities suffering from bad air make up nearly nine tenths. It is vital to find out the contributing factors. Vehicles sending large quantities of poisonous gases, in my mind, are a major source of air pollution. Furthermore, factories that release a great deal of smoke are also responsible for the poor air quality. Besides, burning materials like coal or oil for homes and offices is another major contributor to air pollution. Personally, to better the air quality, the government and the common citizens should make joint efforts. Riding and walking are wise options for public travels. Meanwhile, effective laws are supposed to be made to guarantee good air quality.