9299.net
大学生考试网 让学习变简单
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

2016届《创新设计》高考英语大一轮总复习(全国译林版)配套精讲课件:模块三 Unit 3 Back to the past-2

2016届《创新设计》高考英语大一轮总复习(全国译林版)配套精讲课件:模块三 Unit 3 Back to the past-2


第2课时 考点突破 诵·研·练

[词 汇 研 析 ] ?flee vt.& vi.逃避,逃跑;迅速离开

flee (from)...从??逃跑
flee to/into...逃到?? flee(from)responsibility 逃避责任

?The customers fled(from) the bank when the alarm sounded. 警报响起,顾客纷纷从银行逃走。

①Many of the people have ________________ to escape the
floods. 许多人为躲避洪水逃到了山上。 ②It's a shame to ________________. 逃避责任是可耻的。

答案

①fled to the mountains

②flee from responsibility

?ruin n.[C](pl.)废墟,遗迹;[U]毁坏,毁灭,崩溃vt.破坏;
毁灭/坏,使破产 (1)come/go to ruin毁灭;灭亡;落空 in ruins 成为废墟,破败不堪 fall into ruin 灭亡,荒废

bring...to ruin 使毁灭,使落空
(2)ruin one's hope(s)使某人的希望破灭

? She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. 她很担心学习古典会毁掉他的爵士影响的风格。

①All of us were sad to see ________________ (文明的覆灭).
② The 答案 tsunami after the earthquake in Japan ________________ (让那座城市成为一片废墟). ① the ruin of civilization ② left the town lying in ruins

【助记】

Drinking was his father's ruin and it will be the ruin of him too!Because of drunk driving,his career is in ruins. 酗酒毁了他父亲,他也将遭受同样的厄运。由于酒后驾驶, 他已前途尽毁。

?remains n.遗物,遗迹,遗骸;剩余物 (1)the remains of...??的遗迹 (2)remain v.留下;仍然是

remain+形容词/名词/分词/介词短语 保持??
remain to be done 有待于被做 (3)remaining adj.剩余的

?She fed the remains of her lunch to the dog. 她把中午吃剩的饭喂狗了。 ①In spite of their quarrel,they ________________.

尽管他们有争吵,他们仍是最好的朋友。
② It ________________ whether the newly-formed committee's policy can be put into practice. 新成立的委员会提出的方针能否实行还有待观察。 答案 ①remain the best of friends ②remains to be seen

【点津】

(1)remain作系动词用时,其后可接形容词、名词、

介词短语、非谓语形式等作表语。 (2)remaining通常作前置定语,而left作“剩下的”讲时,

在 句 中 作 后 置 定 语 。 the money left/the remaining
money“剩下的钱”。

?declare vt.宣布;宣称;声明 declare for/against...声明支持/反对?? declare to sb/sth that-clause 向??宣布某事

declare sb/sth to be+adj./n.宣布??为??;断言??
declare war 宣战

?Some scientists declare that most of our fatigue comes from our mental and emotional attitudes. 一些科学家宣称,我们的大多数疲劳来自我们的心理和情

感态度。

【辨析】

理解下列区别并选词填空 “宣布;宣告”指就某事正式、公

declare

开地做出明确的说明;其后可接名 词、从句、复合结构及介词 against/for短语 “宣布;发表;通知”指首次宣布

announce

人们所关心的事,通常是关于生死、

结婚、灾害信息或客人的到来等;
其后常接名词、从句作宾语

①President Obama is preparing to ________ his new plan on Tuesday. ②The country had no other choice but to ________ war on

their enemy.
答案 ①announce ②declare

?aware adj.意识到的,知道的;察觉到的 (1)make sb aware of...使某人明白?? be/become aware of 知道,明白;意识到

be aware that/wh-clause 意识到
as far as I'm aware 据我所知 (2)awareness n.认识,意识 raise/increase awareness of 提高对??的认识

?I went to a group activity,“Sensitivity Sunday”,which
was to make us more aware of the problems faced by disabled people. 我去参加了一个小组活动,“周日感官体验”,这将使我 们更加认识到残疾人面临的问题。

①She ________________ the fact,but she could not face it
yet. 她充分意识到那一事实,但她却不能正视它。 ②He is quite ________________ that pronunciation is very important to a language student. 他完全意识到对一位学语言的学生来说发音的重要性。

答案

①was well aware of

②aware

sure , certain , afraid , sorry , glad , happy , pleased , surprised,convinced,reminded等。

【联想发散】

be aware后可接that/wh-clause,像aware这

样的形容词,你还想到了哪些? ____________________________

?take over 夺取;接替;接管

take off起飞;脱掉(衣服等);开始获得成功
take in 吸收;欺骗;理解 take out 拿出,掏出;把??带出去 take down 记录下来;拆除 take up 拿起;占用;开始(从事)

take on 承担;呈现;雇佣
take apart 拆开

?Because the manager resigned,he had to take over the job as a manager. 因为经理辞职了,他将接管经理一职。

用take的相关短语填空
①My writing career ________________ when I discovered my own style.

②After he retired from office , Rogers ____________
painting for a while,but soon lost interest. ③Rod loves ________________ clocks.However , he never

manages to put them together again.
④Some insects ________________ the color of their surroundings to protect themselves.

答案

①took off

②took up

③taking apart

④take on

?carry out 实施;执行,实现;完成 carry off夺取(生命);获得(奖项);应付 carry on 继续下去

carry away 运走;使??失控/着迷
carry through 贯彻;完成;维持

?They just carried out the order as told.
他们只是按命令行事。 用carry词组的适当形式填空

①Extensive tests have been ________________ on the patient.
②He ________________ two gold medals in the Olympic Games.

③His determination ________ him ________ the terrible
difficulty. ④The meal over,the managers went back to the meeting room to ________________ their discussion. 答案 ①carried out ④carry on ②carried off ③carried; through

?in memory of 纪念 in case of万一 in charge of 掌管,负责

in search of 寻找
in favour of 赞成;有利于;支持 in honour of 为了纪念,为了表示敬意 in need of 需要 in praise of 赞扬

?Deeds are better than words when people are in need of

help.
当有人需要帮助的时候,行动胜于言语。 用in+n.+of短语填空 ①This is a book ________________ the construction workers. ②They started off at once ________________ the missing girl.

③They held a party ________________ their guests.
④Peters died in 1984 , and a ten-foot wooden squirrel sculpture was placed near the bridge ____________ its builder and his devotion to the project. 答案 ①in praise of ②in search of ③in honour of

④in memory of

[句 式 探 究 ]
? 动名词的复合结构 (教材原句) The desert was once a green land with huge trees,but they were cut down and that resulted in the city being buried by sand—what a pity!这片沙漠曾是一块长

着参天大树的绿色土地,但是它们被砍倒了,这导致了这
座城市被风沙覆盖——多么遗憾啊! 句中the city being buried by sand为动名词的复合结构作 resulted in的宾语。

在动名词复合结构中,用普通格或所有格,一般遵循下列规 定: (1)若动名词复合结构在句中作主语,通常用所有格形式。

(2)若动名词复合结构在句中作宾语,用普通格或所有格均可。
(3)若动名词的逻辑主语是无生命的事物名词,则名词要用普 通格。

?Tom's refusing to accept the invitation upset me. 汤姆拒绝接受邀请让我很生气。 ①Do you still remember ________________?

你还记得玛丽来看望我们的事吗?
②The new evidence ________________. 新证据导致小偷被捉住。 答案 ①Mary/Mary's coming to see us ②led to the thief being caught

?with 的复合结构 ( 教材原句 )In less than 9 minutes , the ship sank with 1,177 men on board.在不到9分钟的时间里,船连同船上

的1 177人都沉了下去。
句中with 1,177 men on board为with的复合结构,在句中 作状语。

(1)“with+宾语+宾语补足语”在语法上常被称为“with复 合结构”,在句中表状态或说明背景情况。 (2)“with复合结构”常作伴随、方式、原因、时间、条件等

状语,也可以作定语。
(3)作宾语的可以是名词或代词,作宾语补足语的可以是形容 词、副词、介词短语、不定式或分词。

?With machinery to do all the work,they will soon have got in the crops.(原因状语) 由于所有的工作都是由机器来完成,他们将很快收完庄稼。 ①The boy always sleeps ________________.(伴随状语) 这个男孩总是头枕着胳膊睡觉。 ②________________,trees turn green.(时间状语)

春天到了,树变绿了。
③ He used to walk along a river ________________ with flowers and grass.(定语)

他过去常常沿着一条两岸长满花草的小河散步。
答案 ①with his head on the arm ②With spring coming on ③with banks covered

【点津】

“with复合结构”要特别注意宾语和宾语补足语

之间的逻辑关系,根据主动(现在分词),被动(过去分词)、 表示将来(不定式)等区别来选择正确的补足语形式。


推荐相关:
网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 大学生考试网 9299.net
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@qq.com