2010—2011 学年度普通高中教学质量期末统一检测 高一级英语
第一卷 （共 105 分） 第一部分：听力 （35 分） 一、 听力（共两节 每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 第一节 听力理解 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题，每段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的 阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题，在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A,B,C 项中，选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 听第一段对话，回答第 1-3 题。 1. What are the two speakers going to do? A. They are going to catch the train. B. They are hurrying to go to school. C. They want to wait for the red light. 2. Why must the two speakers go this slowly? A. Because they are much afraid of an accident. B. Because they hope to be as safe as possible. C. Because they want to go four or five blocks. 3. Which of the following is true according to the conversation? A. They have no enough time left. B. They meet a bad accident. C. They have to stop for three red lights. 听第二段对话，回答第 4--6 题。 4. What do the two speakers want to do on Saturday? A. They will have a party in the park. B. They will take a picnic in the park. C. They will ride their bikes outside the park. 5. What do the two speakers want to do on Sunday? A. They prefer to sleep all day . B. They want to go out and dance. C. They are to go to that new movie. 6. How do you like the girl? A. She is lazy. B. She likes busy weekends. C. She likes drawing pictures. 听第三段独白，回答第 7--9 题。 7. How many writers wrote the book called” Three Cups of Tea”? A. One B. Two C. Three 8. What happened to Greg Mortenson climbing K2 in Pakisan? A. He was very tired, sick and lost. B. He had no food or water on the top. C. He got separated from his group on the way up. 9. How did Greg Mortenson help the villagers? A. He built a school for their children. B. He provided food for them. C. He made them back to health. 听第四段对话，回答第 10-12 题。 10. Who are the two sides in the big game? A. Two schools. B. Two cities. C. Two states . 11. When will the game begin? A. At 1 p.m. B. At 2p.m C. At 3p.m.
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12. How will the speakers to the match? A. By bus . B. By car C. On foot. 听第五段独白，回答第 13-15 题。 13. What is the story mainly about? A. About a young farmer Nate. B. About a young farmer’s wife. C. About the beauty of birth, the wonder of new life. 14. Why was Olive’s husband Nate in the barn? A. Because he was to help their cow Maudie to give birth. B. Because he was to drink some hot coffee. C. Because he wanted to keep warm. 15. How did Olive feel when she saw a light at the far end? A. She felt nervous. B. She felt glad. C. She felt heavy. 第二节 听取信息 听下面一段独白，请根据题目要求，从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息，填入答题卡标 号为 16-20 的空格中. The First Thing You Need is A Place to Live Items A building Some dormitories Information may house a small number of students or ____16____________ have suites Each suite has several bedrooms, a common living area and ___17__ Six or more students may live in one suite. Others Students say Have many rooms along a common hallway, usually with two students in each room. Dormitories provide ___18.______to get to know other students. Dormitories generally cost ___19_____ apartments or other housing not owned by the school. is offered , but usually males and females live in the same building . are mainly ________20.___________, but fellowship houses. members are also to live at their
Single-sex dormitories Fellowship
第二部分：英语知识运用（ 共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题，每小题一分，满分 20 分） 从 21—40 各题所给的 A, B,C,D 四个选项中，选出最佳答案，并把答题卡上对应题目 的答案标号涂黑。 A) 语法部分 21. ---- Do you know our town at all? -------No, this ________ the first time I _________ here. A. was; has come C. is; had come B. is; come D. is; have come
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22. ----My sister is very upset today. -------It’s your fault. You ________ the bad news to her yesterday. A. should tell C. shouldn’t have told B. should have told D. must tell
23. Mr. Green asked Lily ________ she had written to her father _______. A. whether; the day before C. that; the day before B. whether; yesterday D. that; yesterday
24. —Pity that I haven’t got a ticket for the concert tonight. —It doesn’t matter. I’m sure it ____ on TV. A. will be broadcast C. has been broadcast B. will broadcast D. is broadcasting
25. All the doctors in the hospital insisted that he ______ badly wounded and that he ______ at once. A. should be; be operated on C. be; was operated on B. were; must be operated on D. was; be operated on
26. The farm ______ we see today is no longer the one ______ it was ten years ago. A. that; that C. where; what B. where; that D. where; which
27. Is this the reason ___________ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained C. how he explained B. what he explained D. why he explained
28. John is a good swimmer, but I don’t like the way ____ he always shows off in front of everyone. A. how B. why C. 不填 D. which
29. ____ you understand the rules of the game, you will enjoy it. A. Before B. Even if C. Once D. While
30. —He seldom goes to the cinema. —____. A. Neither do I C. So do I B. Neither am I D. So am I
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B)词汇部分 31. At ____ present we are going through a hard time, but I’m sure ____ things will get better in the near future. A. the; the C. 不填; the B. the; 不填 D. 不填; 不填
32. —How did you find your visit to Beijing, Mary? —____. A. Oh, wonderful indeed C. First by train and then by ship B. I went there alone D. A guide showed me the way
33. Hearing this, the little boy _____ into tears and asked his mother, “Did I do it wrong? Is God mad at me?” A. burst B. came C. feared D. expressed
34. The Olympic Games are held every four years ____ a regular basis. A. on B. by C. with D. under
35. —Are you free this evening? —Sorry, I’ve promised to have Mary’s radio repaired ____ for her help with my English. A. in relief B. in return C. in turn D. in fact
36. I’m very tired now, but ____ I must finish the work today. A. anything B. anyone C. anyhow D. anywhere
37．James took the magazines off the little table to make _______ for the television. A．room B．area C．field D．position 38．He telephoned the travel agency to______ three air tickets to London. A．order B．arrange C．take D．book 39.—Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me? —Sure._______? A．What help B．What is this C．What is it D．What do you want 40．People have always been ______ about exactly how life on earth began. A．curious B．excited C．anxious D．careful 第二节：完形填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳选项。 Leaving Home When I told my mother, she looked at me as if I had ___41____her face. "What? Live in London?" she said.
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"I just feel it's time I saw a little more of the world. After all, mum, I'm twenty-two!” Just then, my father came downstairs, looking ___42____as he always did after his Sunday afternoon nap. I had chosen the moment carefully. "Clive wants to leave home. He doesn't want to live with us any more," she told him in a trembling voice. My father's expression changed. "What? You aren't serious, are you, son?" he asked. He sat down at the table opposite me. Perhaps my parents wouldn't have reacted this way if they hadn't spent all their lives in a small village in Wales. And perhaps my mother in particular wouldn't have been so possessive if her only other child hadn't died as a baby. I tried to explain to them that the bank I worked ___43____ had offered me a chance to take a job in their head office. But I didn't dare tell them I had already accepted the job. "London's a long way away. We'll hardly see you any more," my father said. "l can come back at _____44_______, dad. " He shook his head, looking more and more like someone who had just been given a few months to __45_____ by his doctor. "I don't know, son. I don't know." He shook his head again and then got up and walked __46_____ into the garden. My mother and I sat there at the table. In the ____47_____, I could hear the old clock ticking away in the hall. There were tears in my mother's eyes. I knew she was going to put pressure on me to give up the idea, and I wondered i f I could stand up to it. I even began to wonder if it was wrong __48____ me to want to leave my family, the village and the people I had known all my life to live among the English in their cold, strange capital. She put her hand over mine. "Your father __49_____ lately. Neither have I. You know that. But we won't stand in your way if it's __50____you really want," she said. 41. A. washed B. slapped C. kissed D. changed 42. A. relaxed B. tired C. anxious D. pleased 43. A. for B. / C. at D. in 44. A. weekends B. weekdays C. night D. daytime 45 .A. live B. play C. work D. spare 46. A. away B. out C. quickly D. slowly 47. A. noise B. silence C. darkness D. meantime 48. A. for B. of C. with D. to 49. A. has been well B. hasn’t been good C. hasn't been well D. has been good 50. A. something B. everything C. that D. what 第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 题，满分 35 分） 第一节，阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A When we see well, we do not think about our eyes very often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly that we realize how important our eyes are. People who are near-sighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Everything else seems blurry. Many people who do a lot of work, such as writing, reading and sewing become near-sighted. People who are far-sighted suffer from just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty in reading a book unless they hold it at arm’s
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length. If they want to do much reading, they must get glasses, too. Other people do not see clearly because their eyes are not exactly the right shape. They have what is called astigmatism (散光). This, too, can be corrected by glasses. Some people’s eyes become cloudy because of cataracts (白内障). Long ago these people often became blind. Now, however, it is possible to operate on the cataracts and remove them. Having two good eyes is important for judging distances. Each eye sees things from a slightly different angle. To prove this to yourself, look at an object out of one eye; then look at the same object out of your other eye. You will find the object’s relation to the background and other things around it has changed. The difference between these two different eye views helps us to judge how far away an object is. People who have only one eye cannot judge distances as people with two eyes. 51. We should take good care of our eyes . A. only when we can see well B. only when we cannot see perfectly C. even if we can see well D. only when we realize how important our eyes are 52.When things far away seem indistinct(模糊不清) , one is probably . A. near-sighted B. far-sighted C. astigmatic D. suffering from cataracts 53. The underlined word blurry in the second paragraph probably means . A. obvious B. possible C. clear D. unclear 54. Having two eyes instead of one is particularly useful for . A. seeing at night B. seeing objects far away C. looking over a wide area D. judging distances 55. People who suffer from astigmatism have . A. one eye bigger than the other B. eyes that are not exactly the right shape C. a difficulty that can be corrected by an operation D. an eye difficulty that cannot be corrected by glasses B We spent a day in the country and picked a lot of flowers. Our car was full of flowers inside! On the way home we had to stop at traffic lights, and there my wife saw the bookshelf. It stood outside a furniture（家具）shop. “Buy it,” she said at once. “We’ll carry it home on the roof-rack（车顶架）. I’ve always wanted one like that.” What could I do? Ten minutes later I was twenty dollars poorer, and the bookshelf was tied on to the roof rack. It was tall and narrow, quite heavy too. As it was getting darker, I drove slowly. Other drivers seemed more polite than usual that evening. The police even stopped traffic to let us through. Carrying furniture was a good idea. After a time my wife said, “There’s a long line of cars behind. Why don’t they overtake（超 车）?”Just at that time a police car did overtake. The two officers（警官）inside looked at us seriously when they went past. But then, with a kind smile they asked us to follow their car through the busy traffic. The police car stopped at our village church（教堂）. One of the officers came to me.
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“Right, sir,” he said. “Do you need any more help now?” I didn’t quite understand. “Thanks, officer,” I said. “You’ve been very kind. I live just down the road.” He was looking at our things: first at the flowers, then at the bookshelf. “Well, well,” he said and laughed. “It’s a bookshelf you’ve got there! We thought it was--er, something else.” My wife began to laugh. Suddenly I understood why the police drove here. I smiled at the officer. “Yes, it’s a bookshelf, but thanks again.” I drove home as fast as I could. 56、From the story we know that _________. A．the writer was poor and didn’t buy the bookshelf for his wife B．the writer’s wife didn’t like the bookshelf at all C．the writer was always glad to buy something for his wife D．the writer was not very glad to buy the bookshelf for his wife 57、What made the writer think that carrying furniture was “a good idea”? A．He could drive slowly and it was safe. B．Other drivers would let him go first. C．His wife could use a new bookshelf. D．He could save a lot of money and time. 58、Why were the police and other drivers so kind to the writer? A．Because they thought the writer liked studying very much and needed a bookshelf. B．Because they didn’t think it was polite to overtake a car with a bookshelf on it. C．Because they thought somebody in the writer’s family had died and he needed help. D．Because they thought it was dangerous to carry a bookshelf on a car. 89、Why did the writer’s wife begin to laugh? A．Because now she knew what mistake the police had made. B．Because at last her husband understood why the police had driven to the church. C．Because the officer was always looking at the flowers and the bookshelf. D．Because the police had helped them a lot. 60、When did the officers begin to realize they had made a mistake? A．Before they arrived at the church. B．Before they overtook（overtake 的过去式）the writer’s car. C．After one of them looked at the flowers and the bookshelf carefully at the church. D．After the writer’s family left the church. C Newspapers are not nearly as popular today as they were in the past. There are not very many people who seriously read a newspaper every day. Most people read only the sports pages, the advice or the gossip columns, the comics, and perhaps the classified advertisements. Most people don’t take the time to read the real news. They attempt to catch the reader’s interest with pictures and exciting headlines. These techniques are used on the front page because it is the first thing you see when you pick up the paper. The first page attracts attention and encourages the reader to look through the rest of the paper. This is why editors always look for a good first page story and headline to make them stop and look. If the headline is horrible enough or frightening enough or wild enough, perhaps they will go on to read the front page anymore. They may read the headlines, but that is all, then they turn to the sports page, or comics, or advertisements. It seems that people do not want the news from a newspaper anymore. They say they get the news on the television now.
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More people watch television news because it is easier and more interesting than reading a newspaper. What about you? Do you read news from a newspaper? Do you think it is easier to get the news from television? Or do you care about news at all? Would you mind if there were no news? 61. According to the passage, newspaper are . A. more popular today B. less popular today C. as popular as before D. getting more and more popular 62. We can know from the passage that the newspaper editors think the important part of the newspaper is . A. the front page B. the sports page C. the headlines D. the classified advertisements 63. According to the author, which of the following newspaper will most probably attract the reader’s attention? A. The ones with interesting pictures and exciting headlines on the front page. B. The ones with sports news on the front page. C. The ones with classified ads on the front page. D. The ones with gossip columns on the front page. 64. According to the passage, most people read all of the following except . A. the sports page B. comics C. advertisements D. the real news 65. The author’s attitude toward newspaper is . A. sympathetic B. critical C. negative D. undetermined 第二节 阅读下列短文， 然后归纳信息要点。 请把相关信息要点填在第二卷指定的答题位置。 （共五小题，每题一分，满分 5 分） United Nations officials say now fewer people than they thought are infected with the AIDS virus. Last year, the agency known as UNAIDS thought that 39.5 million people were living with HIV．On Tuesday it reduced by 16% to a little more than 33 million. Agency officials say the low number reflects better information form more countries．The agency reduced the number for five African countries: Angola, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria and Zimbabwe. Also, UNAIDS says it now believes the number of new HIV cases per year reached a high in the late 1990s at more than three million．This year, it thinks that 2.5 million people became infected, and 2 million people died of AIDS. Luckily, better treatments are saving lives, and more people are getting the drugs. Yet even as the number of new infections has dropped, UN officials say AIDS is still one of the leading causes of the death worldwide, and the major cause in Africa．African death rates remain high, they say, because treatment needs are not being met．Sub-Saharan Africa had almost 70% of the new cases of HIV reported this year．UNAIDS officials say this is a sharp reduction since 2001, but there is a need to further improve research method. Billions of dollars are being spent preventing and treating HIV．Experts worry that the new number may lead to a drop in financial support．But UNAIDS officials say they do not change the need for immediate action and more money．They warn that in some countries, infection rates that were falling are rising again now． Title: A New Report on (66) Infections
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Theme Present situation Measure
Few people are infected with AIDS. ? ? ? The number has been (67) a little over 33 million. HIV infected 2.5 million and killed 2 million last year. The number of infections in five (68) has fallen.
To reduce new infections, the organization is supplying more people with better (69) . ? That treatment needs are not being met results in high death rates in Africa. Because of the new number, some organizations may provide less financial support to the program. In some countries, the ___(70)______ are rising again.
第Ⅱ 卷（ 共 45 分） 第四部分：基础知识运用 第一节 单词填空 （ 共 10 小题，每题 1 分，满分 10 分） A) 根据短文内容，选择合适的单词填到空格中，并使用该词的适当形式，每个单词只填一 次。 trap endanger expect crack shock shake
March 27,1964 was a holiday in Alaska, so most people were at home, and everything was going on as usual. Suddenly, there was a sound like thunder. Next, people’s house began ____71_____ . Buildings ___72_____ and water pipes burst. In the town of Anchorage, the main street went up into the air ten feet, holes opened up in the ground, and buildings fell down. People ___73_____ by the ___74____ disaster. Some ran up and down the street while others who __75______ in the buildings, were looking out of their windows for help. B) 根据短文内容，在空格中填入一个合适的单词，单词的首字母已给出。 Since the 1970s many new a__76_____ have been found for me. I have become very important in communication, finance and trade. I have been put into robots and used to make m____77____ phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space r_____78___ and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my g___79____ is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human r____80____! 第二节： 翻译句子（共 5 小题，每题 3 分，满分 15 分） 81. 只有在希腊出生的人才能成为古代奥运会的参赛者。 使用定语从句） （ 82. 说实在的，很多人把名和利看的重要。 attach------ to ） （ 83. 博物馆要求参观的游客不得在馆内拍照。 （request） 84. 上周我们说服他买下这房子。 （强调句型:强调时间状语） 85. 你一旦许诺，就要兑现。 （promise） 第五部分：书面表达（满分 20 分） 某期中学生报的“热点话题”专栏讨论的主题是“上大学是高中生的唯一选择吗？”你班同学 就此话题进行了热烈讨论。请用英语给该专栏的编辑写一封信，介绍讨论结果，并发表你的 个人意见。
要点： 1． 结果：75%左右的学生认为应该上大学；15%左右的学生认为不必上大学；10%左 右的学生认为无所谓。 2． 观点： （1）上大学能够增长知识、提高素养、利于择业； （2）大学的学费昂贵，毕 业后就业困难； （3）成功的路千万条，不一定非要上大学。 注意： 1. 信的开头已给出，但不计入总词数； 2. 词数：120 左右。 Dear Editor, The students in our class had a discussion about whether the only way for senior high students to succeed is to go to college. ------------Yours sincerely, Li Hua
潮南区 2010—2011 学年度普通高中教学质量期末统一检测 高一级英语参考答案 听力：
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1---10 ABABC BBAAA 11---15CACAB 16 many hundreds 17. a bathroom 18. the best chance 19. less than 20. social organizations 单项填空 21—25 DCAAD 26---30 AACCA 31----35 DAAAB 36----40 CADCA 完形填空：21—30 BAAAA BBBCD 阅读理解：51---55：CADDB 56-60：DBCAC 61-65. BAADA 信息要点： 66：AIDS 67: reduced (by 16%) to 68: African countries 69: treatments and drugs 70: infection rates 单词填空：71，to shake 72, cracked 73, were shocked 74, unexpected 75, were trapped 76, applications 77, mobile 78, rockets 79, goal 80, race. 翻译: 81. Only those who were born in Greece could be admitted as competitors in the ancient Olympic Games. 82. To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. 83. Visitors are requested not to take photos in the museum. 84. It was last week that we persuaded him to buy this house. 85. Once you make a promise , you should keep it. 书面表达： Dear Editor, The students in our class had a discussion about whether the only way for senior high students to succeed is to go to college. 75% of the students thought it necessary to go to college, for college education can increase their knowledge and improve their personal qualities as well. However, 15% of the students thought that it is no use going to college because it’s extremely difficult for college graduates to get satisfactory jobs. In addition, the tuition is too high for their families to pay for. The remaining 10% held the view that “All roads lead to Rome.” Therefore, they thought it doesn’t make any difference whether they go to college or not. In my opinion, it’s a better choice to go to college because we can receive more education. But if we are unable to enter college, there are many other choices for us, and we can still contribute to society. Yours sincerely, Li Hua