清远市 2015-2016 学年度第一学期期末教学质量检测
注意事项： 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分 150 分，考试时间为 120 分钟。 2.答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置上。 3.选出每小题答案后， 用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动， 用橡皮擦干净后， 再选涂其他答案标号框，不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。 4.考试结束后，将答题卡交回。
第一部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A，B，C，D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该选项涂黑。 A Nearly everyone is shy in some ways. If shyness is making you uncomfortable, it may be time for a few lessons in self-confidence. You can build your confidence by following some suggestions from doctors and psychologists. Make a decision not to hold back in conversations. What you have to say is just as important as what other people say. And don’t turn down party invitations just because of your shyness. Prepare yourself for being with others in groups. Make a list of the good qualities you have. Then make a list of ideas, experiences, and skills you would like to share with other people. Think about what you would like to say in advance. Then say it. If you start feeling self-conscious in a group, take a deep breath and focus your attention on other people. Remember, you are not alone. Other people are concerned about the impression they are making, too. No one ever gets over being shy completely, but most people do learn to live with their shyness. Even entertainers admit that they often feel shy. They work at fighting their shy feelings so that they can face the cameras and the public. Just making the effort to control shyness can have many rewards. But perhaps the best reason to fight shyness is to give other people a chance to know more about you. 1．This article is most probably written for . A．people in general B．parents C．entertainers D．teenagers 2．The main purpose of the article is to . A．explain how shyness developed B．suggest ways of dealing with shyness C．persuade readers that shyness is natural D．prove that shyness can be overcome 3．Which of these can you conclude from reading the article? A．Shy people never have any fun. B．Entertainers choose their work to fight shyness. C．The attempt to overcome shyness is always successful. D．The attempt to overcome shyness is always worthwhile.
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B You may think that sailing is a difficult sport, but it is really not hard to learn it. You do not need to be strong. But you need to be quick. And you need to understand a few basic rules about the wind. First, you must ask yourself, “Where is the wind coming from? Is it coming from ahead or behind or from the side?” You must think about this all the time on the boat. The wind direction tells you what to do with the sail. Let’s start with the wind blowing from the behind. This means the wind and the boat are going in the same direction. Then you must always keep the sail outside the boat. It should be at a 90°angle （角度） to the boat. Then it will catch the wind best. If the wind is blowing from the side, it is blowing across the boat. In this case, you must keep the sail half way outside the boat. It should be at a 45°angle to the boat. It needs to be out far enough to catch the wind, but it shouldn’t flap （摆动）. It shouldn’t look like on a flagpole. If it is flapping, it is probably out too far, and the boat will slow down. Sailing into the wind is not possible. If you try, the sail will flap and the boat will stop. You may want to go in that direction. It is possible, but you can’t go in a straight line. You must go first in one direction and then in another. This is called tacking. When you are tacking, you must always keep the sail inside the boat. 4．What should you consider first while sailing? A．Sailors’ strength. B．Wave levels. C．Wind directions. D．Size of sails. 5．What does the word “It” underlined in Paragraph 4 refer to? A．The boat. B．The wind. C．The sail. 6．What do you have to do when sailing against the wind? A．Move in a straight line. B．Allow the sail to flap. C．Lower the sail. D．Tack the boat. 7．Where can you probably find the text? A．In a sports magazine. B．In a science journal. C．In a physics textbook. D．In an official report.
C Cold weather can be hard on pets, just like it can be hard on people. Sometimes owners forget that their cats are just as used to the warm shelter （住所） as they are. Some owners will leave their animals outside for a long period of time, thinking that all animals are used to living outdoors. This can put their pets in danger of serious illness. There are things you can do to keep your animal warm and safe. Keep your pets inside as much as you can when the weather is bad. If you have to take them out, stay outside with them. When you’re cold enough to go inside, they probably are too. If you must leave them outside for a long time, make sure they have a warm, solid shelter against the wind, thick bedding, and plenty of non-frozen water.
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If left alone outside, dogs and cats can be very smart in their search for warm shelters. They can dig into snow banks or hide somewhere. Watch them closely when they are left outdoors, and provide them with shelter of good quality. Keep an eye on your pet’s water. Sometimes owners don’t realize that a water bowl has frozen and their pet can’t get anything to drink. Animals that don’t have clean and unfrozen water may drink dirty water outside, which may contain something unhealthy for them. 8．What do we learn about pets from Paragraph 1? A．They are often forgotten by their owners. B．They are used to living outdoors. C．They build their own shelters. D．They like to stay in warm places. 9．Why are pet owners asked to stay with their pets when they are out in cold weather? A. To know when to bring them inside. B．To keep them from eating bad food. C. To help them find shelters. D．To keep them company. 10．If pets are left on their own outdoors in cold weather, they may . A．run short of clean water B．dig deep holes for fun C．dirty the snow nearby D．get lost in the wild 11．What is the purpose of this text? A．To solve a problem. B．To give practical advice. C．To tell an interesting story. D．To present a research result. D A farmer had some puppies to sell. He painted a sign advertising them on the edge of his yard. One day, a little boy came to buy one of the puppies. With a whistle（口哨）, the farmer called, “Here, Dolly!” Out from the doghouse ran Dolly followed by four little balls of fur. The little boy stood against the fence. His eyes danced with delight. As the dogs made their way to the fence, the little boy noticed something else inside the doghouse. Slowly another little ball appeared, something wrong with its legs, doing its best to catch up. “I want that one,” the little boy said. The farmer knelt down at the boy’s side and said, “Son, you don’t want that puppy. He will never be able to run and play with you like these other dogs would.” With that, the little boy stepped back from the fence, reached down and began rolling up one leg of his trousers. In doing so, he showed a steel brace （固定器） running down both sides of his leg attaching itself to a specially made shoe. Looking back up at the farmer, he said, “You see, sir, I don’t run too well myself, and he will need someone who understands.” 12．How did the farmer advertise his puppies? A．He advertised them in the newspaper. B．He put up a sign in his yard. C．He showed them to his neighbors. D．He sent pictures to a magazine. 13．The underlined words “four little balls of fur” refer to “ .” A．four toy balls B．four balls made of fur C．four lovely dogs D．four puppies with no fur
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14．The boy chose the last dog because A．they had something in common C．it was the most lovely one
. B．he didn’t have enough money D．the farmer wouldn’t sell other dogs . B．needed a dog to help him D．had an artificial leg
15. According to the story, we know that the boy A．didn’t like dogs at all C．could run as fast as others 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 The seven Cs of a good letter What is the secret of writing a good letter? Here are two main ones. Don’t try to be fancy. Don’t try to impress your reader. You will be successful if you follow these seven Cs. Clear. Use short, direct sentences. Above all, don’t use an introduction. Correct. 17 Don’t guess, even for spelling. Refer to your dictionary. If you need to, 18 This is good organization too. check a reference book too. Use them as much as you need to. Complete. Don’t scatter（使分散） your points. Courteous （有礼貌的）. Be friendly rather than overly casual. Present your information nicely even if you are complaining about something. In all letters, treat others as you want them to treat you. Concise （简洁的）. Make each point as clearly and briefly as you can. Conversational. This is really the secret of good writing. Considerate. 20 19 Such a letter has a natural, friendly tone（语调）. Let your personality come through naturally. Write about what you believe the reader needs or wants to know. Try to be helpful. This will build good feeling toward you. The seven Cs are about writing letters. But how about school papers? Use the seven Cs. Write as if you are talking to your teacher or professor. You’ll be surprised. You’ll almost instantly become a good writer. And you might even enjoy writing from now on. A．Just “talk” to the person. B．Think of the reader’s point of view as you write. C．Make them easy to understand. D．Include long sentences in your letter. E．Make sure what you say is correct. F．Writing should not be taken too seriously. G．Finish one point completely before going on to the next. 16 Talk as if the reader were right there with you.
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第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 75 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A，B，C，D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My mother seemed to be able to make dolls out of anything. She made some dolls for me and my two elder sisters. I 21 playing with them, but still, secretly, I hoped for a store-bought 22 like the one our rich cousin had. Her doll 23 open and close its blue glass eyes and even say “Mamma”. I 24 stopped admiring it and hoping to have one. However, my dream 25 came true when I was six. One day my father came back from his business trip with three 26 dolls! They were much smaller than our cousin’s doll and their eyes were just painted ones, but I did not 27 such differences. They were 28 “store-bought” dolls. We each chose one and I named 29 Misako. Soon my sisters and I became devoted 30 . Our “children” kept us 31 all day. We gave them a bath, 32 them, brushed their hair, took them out for a walk and put them to bed. Several months later, they got more like real children — their 33 and bodies became dirtier, their dresses got stained; their hair less smooth. But, by then, 34 interests seemed to have moved into 35 toys. Their dolls were abandoned and in bad condition. One had 36 one of her arms, and 37 was one-legged. “You can 38 them if you want,” my sisters said to me. Thus, I had 39 dolls. They were more or less handicapped （残疾） and they often looked at me as if they needed me to 40 them. I enjoyed this feeling of being needed — being the only one in the world who could protect them with a lot of love. Indeed, they made the rest of my childhood days very happy. 21．A．wanted 22．A．doll 23．A．might 24．A．often 25．A．immediately 26．A．beautiful 27．A．care about 28．A．total 29．A．my 30．A．sisters 31．A．free 32．A．wore 33．A．faces 34．A．my 35．A．tiny 36．A．lost 37．A．the other 38．A．look out for 39．A．two 40．A．teach B．expected B．toy B．should B．never B．firstly B．lovely B．dream about B．real B．one B．fathers B．busy B．put on B．legs B．their B．different B．wounded B．another B．take care of B．few B．feed C．hoped C．girl C．could C．sometimes C．hardly C．store-bought C．think about C．like C．them C．friends C．hard C．dressed C．arms C．my sisters’ C．curious C．cut C．it C．pay attention to C．many C．satisfy D．enjoyed D．baby D．dared D．seldom D．finally D．new D．worry about D．true D．mine D．mothers D．tired D．washed D．hands D．my doll’s D．humorous D．damaged D．other D．have a look at D．three D．help
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第二节：单项选择（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分） 从所给的 A，B，C，D 四个选项中选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 41．What do the five rings on the Olympic flag ? A．stand up for B．stand for C．stand out D．stand by 42．He is such a person that he will never any difficulties. A．determined, give in to B．determining, give in to C．determined, give up D．determining, give up 43．The dictionary Mike is gone. A．belongs to B．is belonged to C．is belonging to D．belonging to 44．Many passengers got seriously in the accident. A．injuring B．injured C．to injure D．being injured 45．They went out to sea the missing treasure. A．search for B．search C．in search of D．to search 46． we grow older, we grow wiser. A．When B．While C．Unless D．As 47 ． In 1936, computers were made as a “universal machine” to solve difficult mathematical problems. A．to work B．work C．working D．to be working 48．He is that we all like to get along with him. A．such a nice man B．a such nice man C．so a nice man D．a so nice man 49．He was late for school again, made the teacher very angry. A．it B．that C．for which D．which 50．He often dreams about going back to the village he grew up . A．that B．where C．in where D．when 51．There was a time I lost interest in English learning. Later, it was my English teacher, Miss Huang， helped me build up my confidence. A．when, who B．which, who C．that, that D．when, whom 52． we had expected, the result of the experiment was very good. A．Which B．That C．As D．What 53．He is a famous singer we are proud . A．of which B．of who C．of that D．of whom 54．Charlie Chaplin, ___________ childhood was hard, began acting at the age of five. A．who B．whom C．whose D. his 55．We are talking about a subject the importance _________ hasn’t yet been realized. A．which B．that C．whose D．of which 56．If I enough time, I will go to Hawaii for my holiday. A．will be given B．will give C. am given D. given 57．Mr. Black Shanghai in a few days. Do you know when the earliest plane off on Sunday? A．is leaving, is taking B．is leaving, takes C．leaves, will take D．leaves, takes
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58．I like the English songs and they many times on the radio. A．have been taught B．have taught C．had been taught D．had taught 59．Hi, Mike, can I use your computer for a while? — Sorry, it now. A．has been repaired B．is repaired C．is being repaired D．will be repaired 60．He asked me . A．if had I seen the film B．if have I seen the film C．if I have seen the film D．if I had seen the film
第二部分 英语知识运用 第三节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Good Luck Always Comes With Hard Work It is hard work rather than luck that brings people success. Those 61 are considered to have made great success must have been working hard 62 (achieve) their goal and their success can also benefit others. Some people argue that one can’t succeed 63 he works very hard. There are many examples to show that success 64 (come) from hard work. One example is 65 Madam Curie had been working all day and all night 66 she made the great discovery of radium. Other people think that luck and opportunity are 67 ( important ) than hard work. They argue that even if one works hard, he can’t succeed 68 luck and opportunity. For example, the film star, Zhang Ziyi, could never be famous if she was not given a chance to play a role in the film. I think that 69 hard work and good luck are important. If one wants to be 70 (success ), he has to work hard on one hand and he has to seize the opportunity and luck on the other. These two factors are essential for one’s success. 第四节：完成句子（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 请根据所给的中文补全下列各句，每条横线上只能填写一个单词。 71．他经常遭受各种病痛的煎熬。 He often different illnesses. 72．这本书非常有趣，很值得再读一次。 The book is so interesting that it is for a second time. 73．他们听到这个笑话时都忍不住大笑起来。 They laughing when they heard the funny joke. 74．我们应保护环境，以免它受到破坏。 We should our environment being destroyed. 75．他总是很乐意帮助别人，从来没有想到过得到回报。 He is always ready to help others and never expects anything
高一英语试卷 第 7 页（共 8 页）
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（Λ ），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum made the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” The picture of my coach enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter was my favorite one taken at the party. 第二节 书面表达（25 分） 上周一，你们班就“校园内是否应该禁止学生使用手机”的问题进行了讨论，请根据 以下讨论内容用英语写一篇短文。 赞同 反对 你的观点？ 1. 沉迷于手机游戏和聊 1. 便于和家人联系，遇到困难时有安全感； 天；影响学习； 2. 可以获取各种各样信息，对学习帮助很 2. 耗时费钱。 大。 参考词汇：沉迷于 be addicted to 注意：1．词数：100 左右，开头第一句话已给出。 2．可根据内容需要适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
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