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江苏省(南师附中、淮阴、海门、天一)四校 2015 届高三下学期开学联考英语试题 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. The showroom displays political figures such as former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, ____________. A. call it a day B. just to name it C. strike it lucky D. not to mention it 22. Don’t do anything as you wish. It’s a kind of nice thing to keep yourself _________ to live a good life. A. in check B. in charge C. in chaos D. in shape 23. In Chinese coastal factories labor shortages have led to both higher wages and more options _______ unskilled laborers can work. A. for where B. in where C. for which D. in which 24. An abandoned child should have the right to know its origins, which some psychologists see as _______ for their emotional well-being. A. crucial B. mature C. reluctant D. comprehensive 25. ---You know this umbrella is mine. ---If it’s yours, I hope you’ll excuse me---I _______ it up in a restaurant. A. picked B. have picked C. had picked D. will pick 26. The mayor _________ public understanding over the traffic block on the highway, saying it was not meant to inconvenience road users. A. allowed for B. applied for C. advertised for D. appealed for 27. When you _________ something such as a report, book, or programme, you produce it by collecting and putting together many pieces of information. A. cover B. imitate C. interpret D. compile 28. At yesterday’s reception were the chattering guests, the big cake, and the lively music that _______ characteristic of many wedding celebrations. A. had become B. were becoming C. have become D. become 29. ---You _________ heard him last night! ---What’s up ? ---He made a joke about an audience, who turn out to be First Lady! A. could have B. should have C. might have D. must have 30. _______ the layers of the dermis(真皮) are seriously damaged, when the skin of an injured fingertip heals, the body reproduces the original fingerprint exactly. A. In case B. Unless C. Until D. If 31. _________ along several city blocks is a row of trees, their leaves turning a brilliant yellow now that summer is over.

A. Extending

B. Being extended

C. To be extended

D. Extended

32. The newly-founded institute is now faced with lots of difficulties, according to the manager, _______ the financial problem is worth thoroughly studying. A. by whom B. of which C. with whom D. in which 33. ---Lucy has trouble in reading and writing. That’s why she feels _________ in the class. ---Let’s do our best to help her out! A. cut out B. stood out C. left out D. made out 34. If we want students to become effective in multicultural settings, there is no _______ for practice. A. submission B. substitute C. innovation D. compensation 35. ---That dress is very pretty. Why don’t you like it, dear? ---Well, ___________. A. it’s none of your business B. it’s not in my line C. it’s too hard D. it’s got me beat 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 讲该选项涂黑。 I read about an athlete who made it all the way to the Olympics despite hating his chosen sport. He committed his entire life to ____36____ one tiny, yet large, sentence---I’m proud of you. At some point we all have someone we want to ____37____, whose approval means the world to us. I have a clear memory of the person I wanted approval from telling me I was intelligent, the kind of memory that stays very clear because you’ve recalled it so many times. I had ____38____ someone’s opinion about buying a Canadian soda. “We should really support our own economy,” ten-year-old me said. I had no idea what that meant, ____39____ I was looked at with approval, and my heart was filled with ____40_____. I loved that feeling---the approval of my hero. It was nothing like the Olympic athlete, but I made some very big ____41____ based on what might make them ___42___. I was hugely affected by wanting their approval. Months ago this person removed me from his life. It hurt a lot. However, in life there is rarely hurt ___43____ growth. I recently __44___ on myself and behavior and noticed something---I feel free. After a period of denying and upset, I ___45___that this is just how it is. This realization made me see how often I was transforming myself according to the ___46____, “what would they think?” I’d been using the desire for approval as an ___47___ excuse for hiding. My excuse was gone immediately I realized it ____48___. It was time to ___49____ step into myself and stop hiding who I am from others. Are you hiding? I hid in approval-seeking. Maybe you hide behind judgment. We all have our ways, and it can be really scary to let ____50____ go. This thing is, ___51____, as long as we prevent ourselves being truly seen, we will never be truly understood. Connection with others won’t be wholly authentic, and we will edit ourselves because we ____52___ potential thoughts in other people’s heads. It’s pretty ____53_____. Of course, breaking up isn’t ____54_____ when you expect to be freed from wanting someone’s approval. You don’t even have to tell them you no longer care what they think of you. Just ___55____ and do what makes you happy and go for the things you really want in life. Do your thing, and let them do theirs. 36. A. searching B. seeking C. making D. reading 37. A. love B. upset C. please D. annoy 38 A. shared B. assessed C. analyzed D. parroted 39. A. so B. but C. as D. for 40. A. disappointment B. depression C. satisfaction D. amazement

41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

A. profits A. cozy A. with A. reflected A. assumed A. opinion A. unconscious A. existed A. physically A. them A. therefore A. miss A. appealing A. impossible A. look out

B. statement B. healthy B. without B. dawned B. accepted B. concept B. unforgettable B. rose B. precisely B. it B. instead B. fear B. scarce B. necessary B. hurry up

C. decisions C. wise C. by C. counted C. anticipated C. thought C. unpleasant C. faded C. automatically C. us C. though C. doubt C. silly C. important C. hold on

D. preparation D. proud D. through D. experimented D. argued D. reason D. unbelievable D. disappeared D. authentically D. you D. eventually D. advocate D. inspiring D. abundant D. go ahead

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 讲该选项涂黑。 A Chinese passport opens more doors in 2014 In 2014, many countries adjusted their visa application process for Chinese people. Here we take a look at the countries that have made outbound traveling easier to Chinese passport holders. Up to 10-year US visa for Chinese tourists and businessmen The United States is serious about welcoming Chinese visitors and the economic opportunities they bring. During last month's Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting held in Beijing, President Barack Obama announced that China and the United States have reached an agreement on a reciprocal 10-year visa that allows multiple entries for tourists and businessmen. China has a tremendous outbound travel market, accounting for 20 percent of the growth in overseas visits to the United States since 2008. Chinese travelers consistently rank the US as their top travel destination, but only slightly more than 1.8 percent of total outbound travelers have been to the US, according to the White House. Germany speeds up visa process for Chinese passport During Premier Li Keqiang's state visit to Germany in October, the two countries agreed to try to shorten the visa process to 48 hours. Germany will also issue more long-term multiple-entry visas in the future. Canada upgrades single-entry visas to multi-entry The Canada Tourism Bureau began upgrading more single-entry visas to multi-entry ones earlier this year, hoping to attract more Chinese visitors. "The multi-entry visa will allow eligible visitors to stay in Canada for as long as six months per trip, and visa validity has been extended to a 10-year-maximum," according to a bureau spokesperson. Thailand waived visa fees for Chinese tourists for three months Thailand waived visa fees for tourists from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan from August to October of 2014. Japan further extends multiple-entry visas to Chinese tourists Japan recently announced that it would further relax its policy to issue multiple-entry visas to Chinese tourists. The multiple-entry visa to Chinese tourists was initiated in 2011 to help boost the economy of the areas

affected by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The visa required tourists to stay at least overnight in Fukushima, Iwate or Miyagi. The tourists will be free to stay anywhere in Japan from their second visit onward. The new visa policy is considering issuing multiple-entry visa to individuals with strong purchasing power, with no attached condition to visit the three places. Morocco looks to offer individual visas to Chinese tourists From March 6 this year, Chinese service passport holders have not needed a visa to enter Morocco, a first step in making entry to the country easier. The country also looks to attract more tourists from China, and plans granting individual visas to Chinese tourists, said Salaheddine Mezouar, Foreign Affairs Minister of Morocco. Currently, Chinese tourists must come in groups to apply for Moroccan tourism visa. 56. Which of the following countries has improved efficiency of application process? A. Germany. B. Japan. C. Canada. D. Morocco. 57. We can learn from the passage that __________. A. 20 percent of outbound travelers from China have visited the US since 2008 B. Canada has adjusted its visa application process by reducing the required documentation C. individuals with strong purchasing power will free to stay anywhere in Japan for their first visit D. Chinese tourists can enter Morocco without a visa on condition that they go there in groups 58. Why do many countries introduce easier visa policies for Chinese visitors? A. They want to show respect for China. B. They intend to maintain good relationship with China. C. They hope this will encourage their local economy. D. They expect to strengthen cooperation in different fields with China. B Arriving late at a friend’s wedding, I wriggled my way through the crowd to congratulate his and his love. Waving at him over a number of heads, I overheard the new bride say: “I’ve got it!” Turning, I saw her, showing the golden ring in the manner of a hunter waving a hunted animal. This idea of marriage as a victory was alien to me. The first child of family so depressive that I left home at 16, I had come to regard marriage as a box in which woman were kept. Yes, I had been conditioned by the same fairytales and their prejudiced view of a woman’s life---one that ends at her wedding---but I had also seen what can happen after a wedding. Love, I decided, was safe only when experienced at a distance. In terms of suffering, my experience was not unusual. The latter half of the 20th century forever changed the landscape of marriage. Contraception( 避 孕 ), ease of travel, the domestic incorporation of screen-based technologies (television, computers), practice of no-fault divorces were some of the factors that altered people’s expectations of each other and themselves. In the following unrest, the communities that had helped marriages in times of difficulty broke down. Women who had once formed supportive social networks to help each other with their children were now in offices for most of the day; their children were enrolled in daycare and the aged placed in homes. The sense of liberation was matched only by alienation. Priorities had shifted from the human to the material. All around me, marriages were swelling and disintegrating, like paper in water. There was also the awareness that we were part of something greater than ourselves. Legally and socially, marriage provided us with a framework. And yet it is still considered as no more than “a piece of paper”. But marriage is not about religion or gender; it is a commitment and a social stabilizer. The fact that marriage survived the 20th century is a testament to faith---in ourselves, in others, and in the relevance of devotion. For in the end, every marriage stands or falls on the capacity for devotion. And it is hard to

remain dedicated to an ideal. There are days when I would happily trade my husband for an Alexander McQueen bag. And then there are days I think of him as my witness, my partner, the door to joy. Marriage is never unchanging. (408 words) 59. What is the cost of the sense of liberation according to the passage? A. The precious time with families. B. The excitement of marriage. C. The achievements in careers. D. The enjoyment of pursing money. 60. Which of the following is NOT the factor that changed the landscape of marriage? A. Women had to go out to work. B. No-fault divorces were widely practiced. C. People could travel around as they liked. D. Many people did not have time to watch TV. 61. What is the author’s opinion of marriage? A. Marriage is not a promise and cannot keep social stability. B. Mutual faith determines whether the marriage succeeds or not. C. Marriage is a box which keeps both men and women from escaping. D. Marriage is a relationship between men and women which unaffected by surroundings. C Insects trapped in fossilized amber(琥珀) for tens of millions of years have provided the key to creating a new generation of antibiotic drugs that could start a war against modern diseases. Scientists have isolated the antibiotics form microbes(微生物) found either from these insects or in soil particles trapped with them when they were caught by sticky tree resin up to 130 million years ago. Present-day antibiotics have nearly all been isolated from microbes that use them as a form of defense against their enemies and competitors. But since the introduction of antibiotics into medicine 50 years ago, an alarming number have become ineffective because many bacteria have developed resistance to the drugs. Research over the past two years has uncovered at least four antibiotics from the microbes and one has been able to kill modern drug-resistant bacteria that can cause potentially deadly diseases in humans. Raul Cano, who has pioneered the research at the California Polytechnic State University, said the ancient antibiotics had been successful in fighting drug-resistant strains of staphylococcus(葡萄球菌), a “superbug” that had threatened the health of patients in hospitals across the globe. He now intends to establish whether the antibiotics might have side effects. “The problem is how toxic they are to other cells and how easy they are to purify”, said Cano. Cano’s findings have been acknowledged as a breakthrough. A biotechnology company, Ambergene, has been set up to develop the antibiotics into drugs. If any ancient microbes are revived(复活) that resemble present-day disease, they will be destroyed in case they escape and cause new epidemics. Drug companies will be anxious to study the chemical structures of the prehistoric antibiotics to see how they differ from modern drugs. They hope that one ancient molecule could be used as a basis to produce a range of drugs. However, even the use of ancient antibiotics may not stop the rise of drug-resistant bacteria. Stuart Levy warned that the bacteria would eventually evolve to fight back against the new drugs. “There might also be an enzyme already out there that can degrade it. So the only way to keep the life of that antibiotic going is to use it sensibly and not excessively,” he said. (381 words) 62. What problem has man faced since the use of antibiotics as medicine according to the passage? A. Antibiotics are very difficult to purify. B. Antibiotics do harm to human health.

C. Antibiotics resemble some disease-causing bacteria. D. Antibiotics are becoming less effective in fighting against bacteria. 63. Why are Cano’s findings considered as a breakthrough in science? A. His discoveries will help revive ancient microbes. B. His discoveries will put an end to the rise of drug-resistant bacteria. C. The company Ambergene has applied the prehistoric antibiotics to drugs. D. The prehistoric antibiotics proved more deadly against drug-resistant modern bacteria. 64. According to the last paragraph, what is Stuart Levy’s attitude towards the use of ancient antibiotics? A. Cautious B. Contradictory C. Confident D. Critical 65. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Antibiotics---Dangerous or Not? B. Biotechnology Revealed Prehistoric Secrets C. Insect Antibiotics and Bacteria Evolution D. Prehistoric Insects Might Help Invent New Drugs D Edgar Allan Poe was and is an abnormal figure among the major American writers of his period. It seems to have been true of Poe that no one could look at him without seeing more than they would wish. Poe published The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket in 1838, his only novel. Its importance is suggested by the fact that his major work comes after it. The narrative’s shortcomings are sometimes considered to be the fact that it was written for money, as it surely was, and as almost everything else Poe wrote was also. This is not exceptional among writers anywhere, though in the case of Poe it is often treated as if his having done so were disgraceful. Be that as it may, the Narrative makes its way to a peak as strange and powerful as anything to found in his greatest tales. The word that reoccurs most importantly in Poe’s fictions is horror. His stories are often shaped to bring the narrator and the reader to a place where the use of the word is reasonable, where the world and the experience it arouses are explored or by implication defined. Perhaps it is because Poe’s tales test the limits of mental health and good manners that he is both popular and criticized. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym has the grand scale of the nineteenth-century voyage of discovery, and a different and larger scale in the suggestions that appear as the voyage goes on. The Narrative is frequently compared with Moby Dick, published thirteen year later, after Poe’s death. Poe uses whiteness as a highly ambiguous symbol, by no means to be interpreted as purity or holiness or by association with any other positive value. There is blackness, too, in The Narrative, specifically associated with the populations that live in the regions nearest the South Pole. The native people in Tasmania, the island south of Australia, were said by explorers and settlers to be black, and were in any case, with the word “black,” swept into the large category of those related to displacement, exploitation, and worse. Something very like the occupation of Kentucky by white settlers lies behind the events that bring Pym to the far-sighted conclusion of his narrative. In the early years of the nineteenth century the British began what made the native people of Tasmania die out, who had tried to resist white invasion of their island. Such occupations were, of course, a major business of Europeans, or whites, almost everywhere in the world at the time Poe wrote. They were boasted of as progress. It would have required unusual sensibility in Poe to have taken a different, very dark view of the phenomenon. But he was an unusual man. And the horror that fascinated him and gave such dreadful unity to his tales is often the unavoidable conflict of the self by a perfect justice, the exposure of a guilty act in a form that makes its reveal a falling back of the mid against itself. Young Pym is simply telling a story of a kind popular at the time, a voyage adventure lived out beyond the farthest reaches of exploration. The story is disturbed by its own deeper tendencies, the rising through this surface

of the kind of recognition that must find expression in another form of literature. As his ship approaches the region of the South Pole, Pym notes the mildness of the climate, coolly listing the resources of the islands, which were assumed by such voyagers to be there for the taking. If The Narrative were a conventional story, the immense roar and the towering flames might attract the notice of a passing sail---and there would be no need for a note explaining its lacking an ending. But the force of the narrative carries it beyond the fate of individuals, toward an engagement with a reality beyond any temporary human drama. (655 words) 66. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 mean? A. Allan Poe was famous America writer of his period. B. People expected too much of the American writer---Allan Poe. C. Unlike other writers, Allan Poe is a unique and unusual writer. D. People think Pie is a popular novelist like other famous writers. 67. Where is the novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym probably set? A. In the South Pacific. B. In Australia. C. At the south Pole. D. In Kentucky. 68. Which of the following can describe the characteristic of The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym? A. Poverty is the main theme of the novel. B. The novel is full of justice elements. C. Blackness can possible be felt in the novel. D. Whiteness is the obvious symbol of the novel. 69. Which of the following might be taken from the novel The Narrative? A. “One of these adventures was related by way of introduction to a longer narrative.” B. “ Gordon Pym’s father was a respectable trader at Nantucket, where Pym was born.” C. “The wind, as I before said, blew freshly from the southwest. The night was very cold.” D. “Pym at length hit upon the idea of working on the terrors and guilty conscience of the mate.” 70. Which of the following statements is True according to the passage? A. The Narrative is an adventurous story written in a conventional way. B. The Narrative is considered one of Allan Poe’s famous novels. C. Allan Poe was misunderstood to write The narrative for money. D. Readers might not understand why The Narrative ended so abruptly.

第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 个小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中填入一个最恰当的单词。 Don’t talk to strangers. This is a social norm we stick to when commuting by bus or train, or travelling by air. But new research suggests people are deeply wrong about the misery of striking up conversations with strangers. Contrary to expectations, people are happier after a conversation with a stranger, the study revealed. The study was carried out by a team by Nicholas Epley, a professor of behavioral science at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. For research, Epley and his team approached train riders in Chicago. In return for a $5 Starbucks gift card, they agreed to participate in a simple experiment during their train ride. One group was asked to talk to the stranger sitting next to them on the train that morning. The other was told to follow standard commuter norms and keep to themselves. “Everyone seems happier and has a more pleasant interaction when they connect than sit alone,” Epley said. Perhaps even more surprising is that their conversation partners seemed to welcome the connection, too. “Nobody was rejected in any of our studies, as far as I can tell,” Epley said. One of the reasons we can actually gain positive experiences from interacting with strangers is that we tend

to put on our happy face and reserve our “bad-tempered side for the people we know and love,” explained Epley. Most people act more cheerfully around someone they have just met than around their own friends or family members. So don’t be afraid of annoying people by entering their personal space---reaching out to strangers may improve their day, too. Then how to start a conversation with a stranger successfully? We may get some inspiration from Brandon Stanton. He has made it a habit of approaching people on the streets of New York City and asking them for a photograph and a chat. He has managed to get thousands of complete strangers to open up to him with personal stories of their friendships, struggles, fears, loves, and losses. A piece of important advice is that reaching out to strangers is all about the energy. Stanton says he realized that “after repeated attempts, it had nothing to do with the words I was saying. It’s all about the energy that you’re giving off.” Be calm and try to “turn the atmosphere of dear, strangeness and uncomfortableness into an atmosphere of intimacy(熟悉). ” When starting a conversation, keep it simple. An opening line as simple as “I like your hat” can lead to a pleasant conversation. “Other people are people, too,” he said: “And it turns out, they’d like to get to know you.” Try beginning with an experience that you and the stranger are both experiencing together. Breaking the ice is easier when you can create a connection with the stranger. And don’t be afraid of rejection. Confidence can’t be taught in a classroom, Stanton says. You have to earn it. So practice, practice and practice. Challenge yourself to talk to one stranger a day, every day, for 30 days. If you’re walking past someone on the sidewalk, say “Hi”. Even if he or she doesn’t stop for a chat, your job is done for that day. This exercise will help you get used to talking to people you don’t know and form the habit of being more social. (558 words) http://www.livescience.com/43375-why-talk-to-strangers.html Key words General idea (72)_________ of Epley’s research Epley’s experiment Supporting details ● People tend to feel (71 )__________ to start a conversation with strangers. ● Engaging in a conversation with a stranger is a very pleasant experience. ● Entering a stranger’s personal space by talking also raises the conversation partner’s (73)_________. ● The test (74)________ were divided into two groups. ● Each one received a $5 Starbucks gift card as a(n) (75)________. ● Those who had interaction with neighbors reported having a more positive experience. ● All the neighbors sitting nest were (76)__________ to talk to the commuters. ● We often lose temper in the (77)_________ of an acquaintance, while we tend to show our best side to a stranger. ● When talking with strangers, most people act more cheerfully. ● Create an intimate atmosphere instead of (78)__________ on the contents. ●(79) __________ the beginning of a conversation. ● Establish a connection with the stranger. ● Don’t fear rejection. ● Practice a lot in real life to develop your confidence and (80) _________ skills.

Reasons for the reaction

Suggestions about breaking the ice

第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) 81. 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 “He who bears the greatest hardship becomes the greatest man.” This idiom shows Chinese people’s traditional belief in the vital role that hardship plays in a person’s life as they grow up. But today, as our lives have greatly improved, do we still need this so-called “hardship education”?

“We definitely do.” said Wang Weiqiong, mother of a 15-year-old girl in Jiangxi. “Many children take everything for granted, as they’ve never known how difficult it is to make money.” Wang is not alone. According to a recent survey of 2,017 people done by China Youth Daily, 81.8 percent of the interviewees supported hardship education including experiencing life in poor areas, outdoor training, taking part-time jobs, and doing housework. Qiao Yu, from Tianjing Foreign Languages School, also supports the idea. “Hardship helps us grow and be prepared for the difficulties of society,” said the 18-year-old, who worked in a cake store this summer. But while it contributes to tudents’ development, “hardship education shouldn’t be seen as simply making students suffer,” Sun Yunxiao, deputy director of the China Youth and Children Research Center told China Youth Daily. “It should follow teenagers’ growth” Sun said students could also do sports to learn to face difficulties, for doing sporting can greatly strengthen their bodies and minds. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词发表你“对吃苦教育”的看法,内容包括: (1)你对“吃苦教育”概念的理解; (2)支持或反对对青少年进行“吃苦教育”,并给出 2-3 点理由。 【写作要求】 1. 可以参考阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯

江苏省(南师附中、淮阴、海门、天一)四校 2015 届高三下学期开学联考英语试题参考答案 第一部分 听力略 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21-25 BABAA 26-30 DDCBB 31-35 ABCBC 第二节 完形填空 36-40 BCDBC 41-45 CDBAB 46-50 CAADA 51-55 CBCBD 第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 56-58 ACC 59-61 ADB 62-65 DDAD 66-70 CACCD 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71. miserable 72. Findings/Results/Conclusion(s) 73. spirits/mood 74. subjects/participants 75. reward 76. willing/ready 77. company/presence 78. focusing 79. Simplify 80. social/communication/communicating/communicative 第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) One possible version: The Chinese have a traditional belief that hardships contribute to one’s growth. A recent survey shows that many parents and students support it, but some experts are opposed to it. (30 words) As is known, hardship education refers to all kinds of activities including community services, social practice, volunteer work and various sports, which allow teenagers to experience the difficulties of life and society, thus contributing to their growth.

In my eyes, with the fast development of our living standards, hardship education has become a must for the contemporary youth. For one thing, via hardship education, teenagers can enhance their overall quality such as courage and perseverance, and get better prepared for the future. For another thing, by participating in various activities, teenagers can build up their strength and develop surviving skills besides written knowledge. To sum up, society, school and families should attach great importance to hardship education for all students. (120 words)


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