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自考00600《高级英语》07年-12年真题与答案

自考00600《高级英语》07年-12年真题与答案


全国 2007 年 10 月高等教育自学考试

高级英语试题

课程代码:00600

全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. ( 12 points, 0.5 point for each ) She 1 to me because she was like people I had never met 2 . Like women in English novels who 3 the

moors (whatever they were) with their loyal dogs racing at a respectful 4 . Like the women who sat in front of roaring 5 , drinking tea incessantly from silver trays full of scones and crumpets. Women who walked over the by a hyphen. It would be safe to say that she

"heath" and read morocco-bound books and had two last names 6 made me proud to be Negro, just by being herself. Homes and restaurants do what they can with this have long thought that the 9 7

—— which my mother-in-law would 8

on the spot. I

blindfold test for cigarettes should be applied to city 12

10 . For I am sure that if

you 11 them blindfolded, you couldn't tell the beans from the filled with a huge and 13

, the turnips from the squash. Chavel was —— twenty nine men to draw and only

joy. It seemed to him that already he was 14 15

two marked papers left. The

had suddenly grown in his favor from ten to one to fourteen to one: the

greengrocer had drawn a slip and 16 carelessly and without pleasure that he was safe. Indeed from the first draw any mark of pleasure was 17 : one couldn't mock the condemned one by any 18 of relief. 20 ,

Red Indians, while they were still 19 inhaling so deeply that they sank into a would stir them 22

by white men, would smoke their pipes, not calmly as we do, but

21 . And when excitement by means of nicotine failed, a patriotic orator 23 that we (according to our

to attack a neighboring tribe, which would give them all the 24 or a General Election. E. saved J. famed O. chances T. divided

temperament) derive from a horse A. taboo F. race

B. faint C. shameful D. orgiastically G.. up H. peas I. sign N. personally

K. fireplaces L. indicated M. stuff P. enjoyment Q. distance U. unaffected

R. vegetables S. discard W. walked

V. pureed

X. appealed

II. In this section, there are fifteen sentences with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. ( 15 points, 1 point for each )

25. In one way or another, its practitioners batten on the society which they any responsibility.

and in which they refuse to take

26. Under him, six or seven feet down, was a floor of perfectly clean, shining white sand, ______firm and hard by the tides.
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27. Even better than that, it was marvelous the things that came to you in the ____ of fishing.
28. The modern ____ of beauty is not exclusively a function (in the mathematical sense) of wealth.

29. When they got back home, as soon as he ________ her into the crib, she began to shout and wave her arms. 30. Television’s variety becomes a ______, not a stimulus. 31. She could have taken it off and laid it on her lap and ______ it. 32. The first time she saw the picture alone she was sure there was more action, only a _______motion, but more. 33. She looked round the room, ______ all its familiar objects which she had dusted once a week for so many years, wondering where on earth all the dust came from. 34. Behind the scenes, Price/Costco follows an operating model in which it buys larger quantities and ________ better prices than competing stores. 35. Putting aside the need to earn a living, I think there are four great ________ for writing, at any rate for writing prose. 36. Continuity of ________ is one of the most essential ingredients of happiness in the long run, and for most men this comes chiefly through their work. 37. The county attorney, after again looking around the kitchen, opens the door of a cupboard _____. 38. Nobody spoke but Elgie came over, his ________ eyes filled with sorrow and misery. 39. He spoke of how some people ______ the criminal misfits of society while the best men die in Asian rice paddies to preserve the freedoms that those misfits abuse. A. entrails E stroked K. tranquility B. reviewing C. assembled D. negotiates E. motives G. rationing H. closet I. seriousness J. flicking O. sickening

L. transcripts M. tippled N. purpose R. scorn S. present W. ditch

E lowered Q. bloodshot U. cult V. narcotic

T. glamorize X. policy

III. Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each ) 40. She has born a ______ against me ever since I turned down her application. A. grudge B. malice

41. Filled with great ______ for their integrity and courage, he was determined to be a man like them. A. adulation B. admiration

42. Summoned by the teacher, he approached his office full of ______. A. apprehension B. distrust

43. Spoiled children will not manage to live against ______. A. difficulty B. adversity

44. The newly-recruited soldiers swore a(n) ______ of loyalty to their country.
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A. promise

B. oath

45. He wanted a ______ of the report to show to his friends. A. description B. transcript

46. He said he would go to the dress rehearsal, ______ he was not too busy. A. provided B. unless

47. ______ of the bombing of the embassy went swiftly across the country. A. Condemnation B. Accusation

48. It is ______ for adults to forget how long and hard and dull school is. A. habitual B. customary

49. She is a ______ person and does not want to live on charity. A. proud B. snobbish

50. After he won the championship, he was ______ with a lot of honors. A. loaded B. burdened

51. The photos sent back from the satellite support the ______ that possibly there is life on Mars. A. theory B. hypothesis

52. A ______ person is one who is happy with what he has. A. contented B. content

53. Her feelings ______ between excitement and fear. A. fluctuated B. changed

54. The poor, sick man is ______ by the policeman’s endless interrogations. A. abused B. tormented

Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding four items IV, V, VI and VII.

Why Go to Canada?
(1) Huge, scenic and sparsely populated, Canada was rated by the United Nations Human Development Index as the best country to live in. The land of new hopes and opportunities attracts people worldwide.

(2) Very few people really understand or know anything about the process of immigration application. First of all a potential immigrant needs to know something about the rules and regulations. The Canadian Government has designed a point system to assess potential independent immigrants. Emphasis is placed on education, practical training, experience and the likelihood of successful settlement in Canada. This means that people with a bachelor degree of some kind and advanced technical or other skills that are in demand in Canada are more likely to be accepted. The Government also adds weight to an application if the individual is fluent in Canada’s official
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languages, English and French. Therefore someone with a good command of either English or French will have a better chance. Another way to immigrate to Canada is via the immigrant investor program. This provides an opportunity for experienced business persons to immigrate to Canada after making a substantial investment in a provincial government-administered venture capital fund.

( 3 ) If you think you fulfill all the criteria you can easily apply for immigration by yourself. The Canadian Government clearly states: “Any one can apply without the help of a third party”. As often happens in these situations, unscrupulous agents can take advantage of people who think that the only way they can immigrate is by paying huge amounts of money. People who want to become immigrants should carefully investigate the reputation and qualifications of third parties who offer their services for a fee. So why bother to use an immigration agent if application is easy?

( 4 ) Actually there are many good reasons why so many intending migrants use such services. What the least competent and reliable professionals do is simply fill out forms and send them to the Canadian Embassy with the required fees and documents! Some individuals (who can be referred to as “unscrupulous agents”) may fail to send in the correct documents, delay the clients’ application delivery, talk an unqualified candidate into buying their services despite the high possibility that the visa application will be refused or even suggest their clients supply fraudulent documents that are often discovered by the Canadian Embassy. Conversely, a highly qualified and reliable professional service justifies its costs for the comprehensive services it provides. A professional and reliable immigration firm should provide these services for its clients:

(5) Firstly, an intending immigrant must first be well aware of his chances of success. A substantial amount of necessary payment and the potential impact on an applicant’s life can be avoided. A highly experienced immigration professional is capable of assessing a client’s chances of success with an extremely high degree of certainty. In the case of a most unfavorable application, he discourages the client’s application.

(6) Secondly, depending on an effective interpretation of the selection rules as well as accumulated experiences, an experienced immigration professional highlights the applicant’s qualities and helps persuade visa officials that the applicant is worthy of selection and meets all the selection criteria. If a person doesn’t seem qualified, the adviser tries to find out other alternatives that may exist to make him a successful applicant. Such instances where qualified persons were discouraged from making applications are numerous. For example, a computer programmer whose professional skills are highly sought after in the Canadian labor market may be considered unqualified by the variance of their job description to the specifications in the National Occupational Descriptions published by the Canadian Government. An experienced immigration professional avoids areas of potential misunderstanding and best ensures that all the documents submitted and answers given at an interview will support a successful
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application. (7) Thirdly, the presentation or package of the application often makes a decisive impression on the visa officer. An experienced immigration professional identifies what type of information can be supplied that is most likely to favorably impress the visa officer considering the application. ( 8 ) Fourthly, in the case of a person who simply does not qualify, an immigration professional indicates the reasons that may lead to their visa application refusal and tries to find out ways to improve their circumstances so they become qualified.

( 9 ) Fifthly, sometimes even highly qualified candidates finally end up in dismay for want of knowledge on migration affairs or misinterpretation of Canadian migration rules. In many cases, due to unnecessary concealing of certain facts that often lead to discovery, a supposedly successful application will be rejected and the applicant’s personal credibility in future applications is ruined. A migration professional explains and convinces the visa officers that a person is highly qualified despite some minor factors that may be unfavorable to his application.

(10) Sixthly, a seasoned immigration professional helps identify potential problems and provides advice in advance. An immigration professional is expected to be familiar with immigration law, she/he advises the applicant whether or not to submit certain complimentary documents, what evidence needs to be acquired to help support the candidate, and what should be avoided that may cause a negative impact on the application. IV. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

55. “People with a bachelor degree” in Paragraph 2 are ______. A. holders of a first university degree B. holders of a second university degree C. people who have received the highest university degree D. people who have never been married

56. Business people can immigrate to Canada after they have made a substantial investment ____. A. in their own country B. in both Canada and their own country C. in Canada D. in either Canada or their own country 57. The writer of this article ______. A. suggests that an applicant use an immigrant agent even when an application is easy B. disapproves of using an immigrant agent if application is easy
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C. thinks that third parties should not charge a fee for their services D. believes that all immigration agents are unscrupulous

58. Immigration professionals should ______. A. suggest their clients supply fraudulent documents B. delay the clients’ application delivery C. talk an unqualified candidate into buying their services D. send in the correct documents

59. In the case of a most unfavorable application, a highly experienced immigration professional ______. A. encourages the client’s application B. highlights the applicant’s qualities and helps persuade visa officers that the applicant is Worthy of selection and meets all the selection criteria C. does not charge a fee for their service D. discourages the client’s application

60. In the case of clients who do not qualify, an immigration professional ______. A. needs to know something about the rules and regulations of the Canadian Government B. explains the reason why their clients’ visa application might be refused and tries to find out ways to improve their circumstances so they become qualified C. would suggest that they apply for immigration on their own behalf D. would simply discourage the clients from making application

61. Canada is all the following EXCEPT ______. A. populous C. beautiful B. large in size D. thinly populated

62. If you intend to immigrate, ______. A. you must apply on your own B. you could either try to apply on your own or seek help from an immigration firm C. you have to seek the help of a third party D. you have to make a substantial investment in Canada
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63. This passage is ______. A. narrative C. descriptive B. expository D. argumentative

64. The most suitable heading for Paragraph 2 is ______. A. Anticipating problems B. Either way, you make a choice C. Two types of immigrants D. Hiring professionals to apply on your behalf

V. There is one underlined part in each of the following sentences, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is closest in meaning to the underlined part and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)

65. The Canadian Government has designed a point system to assess potential independent immigrants. A. confirm C. refute B. evaluate D. exasperate

66. This provides an opportunity for experienced business persons to immigrate to Canada after making a substantial investment in a provincial government-administered venture capital fund. A. considerable C. superficial B. considerate D. trivial

67. As often happens in these situations, unscrupulous agents can take advantage of people who think that the only way they can immigrate is by paying huge amounts of money. A. pay tribute to C. profit from B. get away with D. give place to

68. Some individuals may fail to send in the correct documents ... or even suggest their clients supply fraudulent documents that are often discovered by the Canadian Embassy. A. conceived C. fabricated B. conceited D. deceitful

69. A seasoned immigration professional helps identify potential problems and provides advice in advance. A. experienced C. patient B. thoughtful D. honest

VI. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
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70. Emphasis is placed on education, practical training, experience and the likelihood of successful settlement in Canada.

71. What the least competent and reliable professionals do is simply fill out forms and send them to the Canadian Embassy with the required fees and documents!

72. Such instances where qualified persons were discouraged from making applications are numerous.

73. An experienced immigration professional identifies what type of information can be supplied that is most likely to favorably impress the visa officer considering the application.

74. A migration professional explains and convinces the visa officers that a person is highly qualified despite some minor factors that may be unfavorable to his application.

VII. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)

75. What’s your view on immigration to Canada?

VIII. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (18 points, 2 points each for 76-80, 8 points for 81)

76.实际上,应付死亡的问题要比应付老年的问题容易得多。

77.或者你是否会因为这位奇怪的小丑表达了你离奇的幻觉而多少被他吸引?

78.他坐下来摸出一只烟,但是当他把烟放在唇间时却忘了点燃它。

79.无论你拥有多少,你总是希望拥有更多;满足不过是一种梦想,它永远与你失之交臂。

80.虽然花没带到车上,但已装在她的心里。

81.这种方法的问题在于无法大规模地实践。不幸的是,在我们的地球上高尚的野蛮人和未被破坏的风景已越来越
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少;除了两极地区以外,已经没有未开发的土地了。少数富有的乡绅还可以逃避现实去过田园生活——但总的来说 迁移的潮流是反向流动的。

全国 2007 年 10 月高等教育自学考试高级英语试题答案
一.选择题 1、X 2、N 3、W 4、Q 5、K 6、T 15、O 7、M 16、L 8、S 17、A 9、J 18、I 10、R 19、U 20、D

11、V 21、B 二、选择题 25、R

12、H 22、G

13、C 23、P

14、E 24、F

26、M

27、K 28、U 37、H 38、Q

29、P 30、V 31、F 32、J 39、T 44、B 45、B 46、A

33、B

34、D

35、E 36、N 三、40、A 41、B 50、A 四、55、A 51、B 56、C

42、A 43、B 52、A 57、A

47、A 48、B

49、A

53、A 54、B 58、D 59、D 69、A 60、B 61、A 62、B 63、B 64、C

五、65、B 66、A 67、C 68、D

70、评估的重点包括申请人的学历、实际训练、工作经验以及申请人在加拿大成功定居的可能性的大小。 71、那些最不胜任、最靠不住的移民公司的专业人员仅仅是为申请人填写申请表格,然后将填好的表格连同移民所 需费用及文件递交到加拿大使馆。 72、说服符合条件的申请人不提出移民申请的情况很多。 73、有经验的移民公司的专业人员善于发现提供何种信息最有可能给受理申请的签证官留下良好的印象。 74、移民公司的专业人员会向身份证官解释并使其相信, 尽管某些次要因素或许对某个申请人不利,但该申请人却 完全符合条件。 76、In truth,it is easier to manage the problem of death than the problem of living as an old person. 77、Or are you drawn somehow to this strange clown,perhaps because he acts out your wildest fantasies? 78、He sat down and felt for a cigarette,but when he got it between his lips he forgot to light it. 79、However much you may acquire you will aways wish to acquire more,satiety is a dream which will always elude you. 80、She did not carry the flowers in her car but she camied them in her heart. 81、The trouble sith this solution is that it no longer is practical on large scale. Our planet,untortunately, is running out of noble savages and unsullied landseapes; except for the polar regions, the frontiers are gone. A few gentleman farmers with plenty of money can still escape to the bucolic life——but in general the stream of migration is flowing the other way.
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全国 2008 年 10 月自学考试高级英语试题

课程代码:00600

将答案填在答题纸相应的位置上。全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外) I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points, 0.5 point for each) Women have an average life 1 of seven years longer than men and tend to marry men older than themselves; so two-thirds (six million) of all older women are widows. social prerogatives as older men to alone—an ironic 6 5 3 2 widowed they do not have the same 4 , they are likely to end up

and marry those who are younger.

of events when one remembers that most of them were raised from childhood to consider

the only acceptable state. The sheriff follows the county attorney 7 the other room. Then Mrs. Hale rises, hands 8_ together, 9

intensely at Mrs. Peters, whose eyes make a slow turn, finally then her own eyes 11 the way to where the box is concealed. tries to put the box in the bag she is wearing. A company that delivers value 13

10 12

Mrs. Hale’s. A moment Mrs. Hale holds her, Mrs. Peters throws back quilt pieces and

customer intimacy builds 14 with customers like those between good 15 what a specific customer

neighbors. Customer-intimate companies don’t deliver what the market wants wants. The customer-intimate company and services they need. It continually 17 16

a business of knowing the people it sells to and the products its products and services and does so at 18 prices.

Childhood’s 19 never asks to be proved (all conclusions are absolute). I didn’t question why Mrs. Flowers had 20 me out for attention, nor did it 21 me that Momma might have asked her to give me a little talking to. All I 22 was that she had made tea cookies for me and read to me from her 23 book. It was 24 to prove that

she liked me.
A. via E. logic I. but M. expectancy Q. meeting U. Suddenly B. reasonable F. occur to J. makes N. turn R. As a result V. favorite C. enough G. tailors K. singled O. date S. When W. marriage D. cared about H. bonds L. into P tight T. point X. looking

II.

25. The campaign for more physical beauty seems to be both a tremendous success and a _____failure.

26. When salesmen are doing well, there is pressure upon them to begin doing better, ______ they may start doing worse. 27. In its entertainment, television ______ far too much to the lowest instincts of man, particularly the lust for
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violence. 28. Modernity-snobs naturally tend to throw away their old ______ and buy new ones at a greater rate than those who are not modernity-snobs. 29. But far worse is the nightmare of travel in and around Los Angeles, where public transport does not exist and people are literally choking ______ in their exhaust fumes. 30. She felt her blood _ her temples and there was pressure in her chest below the hollow. 31. We don’t advertise openings and we don’t solicit applications. We keep a low ______, and we do things differently. 32. She had hard work to see that the two young children who had been left to her ______ went to school regularly and got their meals regularly. 33. On the edge of a small cape that marked the side of the bay away from the promontory was a loose ______ of rocks. 34. She hurried on the almond Sundays and ______ the match for the kettle in quite a dashing way. 35. For all but the last six, I have done the work—all the tedious details that ______ between victory and defeat on election day—while men reaped the rewards, which is almost invariably the lot of women in politics. 36. The child strikes his head in the bath and falls unconscious. The man sits down and watches him ______. 37. Her tongue was cut and she was screaming in wild ______ shrieks. 38. I believe that TV’s appeal to the short attention span is not only inefficient communication but decivilizing ______. 39. Indeed from the first draw any mark of pleasure was taboo: one couldn’t mock the ______ man by any sign of relief.
A. lamentable B. to death C. for fear D. unless E. cares F. processes G. struck H. drown III. Each of thealong following sentences is given two choicespainting of words or expressions. Choose the right one to I. pricking J. condemned K. L. in death M. or N. possessions O. as well P. charge complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) Q. caters R. terrifying S. separate T. hysterical U. make the difference V. hold over W. scatter X. profile

40. A fist fight followed, with much shouting and ______, until the ragged man succeeded in driving up to the door. A. disputing B. squabbling

41. Susie will examine our secondary school programs to insure that all students are prepared to be responsible, productive and technologically ______ citizens of the 21st century. A. literary B. literate
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42. Meanwhile I’m just going to be hanging around ______ my thumbs, so if you’ve got anything an idle detective can do, just say the word. A. twiddling B. twisting

43. These tasks were repetitive, lengthy, and lacking in any ______ interest. A. intrinsic B. instinctive

44. Louisa said she could not go on living with a man who had married her under false ______. A. pretences B. preferences

45. Deep at night, they could still hear gun-fire ______ in the distance. A. rumbling B. rambling

46. Her husband did not like her new interests and her ______ added further strain to an already failing marriage. A. persistence B. obstinacy

47. Political leaders have reached a ______ agreement to hold a preparatory conference next month. A. hesitant B. tentative

48. Initially this was ______ at as farfetched conjecture, but gradually it has received grudging respect and empirical support. A. scolded B. scoffed

49. Gaining ______ to the club was no easy matter. A. permission B. admittance

50. Even though thousands of people die violently each year in Sri Lanka, the death of an important figure causes national ______. A. anguish B. melancholy

51. The rapid fire of questions was deliberate, she knew, designed to scare her into ______ out the truth. A. blurting B. blunting

52. Small debts could rapidly mount up and begin to exert ______ pressure on the relationship between husband and wife. A. intolerant B. intolerable

53. This part of the story is perhaps the most exciting, since the company not only kept its head above water, but produced a series of plays which ______ its reputation. A. increased B. enhanced

54. He looked across the sea: a faint ______ of pale light was rising in the midnight-blue sky.
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A. glimmer

B. glamour

Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding four items IV, V, VI and VII. How America Lives

(1) Americans still follow many of the old ways. In a time of rapid changes it is essential that we remember how much of the old we cling to. Young people still get married. Of course, many do get divorced, but they remarry at astonishing rates. They have children, but fewer than before. They belong to churches, even though they attend somewhat less frequently, and they want their children to have religious instruction. They are willing to pay taxes for education, and they generously support institutions like hospitals, museums and libraries. In fact, when you compare the America of today with that of 1950, the similarities are far greater than the differences. (2) Americans seem to be growing conservative. The 1980 election, especially for the Senate and House of Representatives, signaled a decided turn to the right insofar as political and social attitudes were concerned. It is as if our country spent the 1960s and 1970s jealously breaking out of old restraints and now wishes to put the brakes on. We should expect to see a reaffirmation of traditional family values, sharp restraints on pornography, a return to religion and a rejection of certain kinds of social legislation.

(3) Patterns of courtship and marriage have changed radically. Where sex was concerned, I was raised in an atmosphere of suspicion, repression and Puritanism, and although husky young kids can survive almost anything, many in my generation suffered grievously. Without reservation, I applaud the freer patterns of today, although I believe that it’s been difficult for some families to handle the changes.

(4) American women are changing the rules. Thirty years ago I could not have imagined a group of women employees suing a major corporation for millions of dollars of salary which, they alleged, had been denied them because they had been discriminated against. Nor could I imagine women in universities going up to the men who ran the athletic programs and demanding a just share of the physical education budget. At work, at play, at all levels of living women are suggesting new rules.

(5) America is worried about its schools. If I had a child today, I would send her or him to a private school for the sake of safety, for the discipline that would be enforced and for the rigorous academic requirements. But I would doubt that the child would get any better education than l did in my good public school. The problem is
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that good public schools are becoming pitifully rare, and I would not want to take the chance that the one I sent my children to was inadequate.

(6) Some Americans must live on welfare. Since it seems obvious that our nation can produce all its needs with only a part of the available work force, some kind of social welfare assistance must be doled out to those who cannot find jobs. When I think of a typical welfare recipient I think of a young neighbor woman whose husband was killed in a tragic accident, leaving her with three young children. In the bad old days she might have known destitution, but with family assistance she was able to hold her children together and produced three fine, tax-paying citizens. America is essentially a compassionate society.

(7) America cannot find housing for its young families. I consider this the most serious danger confronting family life in America, and I am appalled that the condition has been allowed to develop. For more than a decade, travelers like me have been aware that in countries like Sweden, Denmark, Russia and India young people have found it almost impossible to acquire homes. In Sweden the customary wait was 11 years of marriage, and we used to ask, “what went wrong?” It seemed to us that a major responsibility of any nation would be to provide homes for its young people starting their families. Well, this dreadful social sickness has now overtaken the United States, and for the same reasons. The builders in our society find it profitable to erect three-bathroom homes that sell for $220,000 with a mortgage at 19 percent but find it impossible to erect small homes for young marrieds. For a major nation to show itself impotent to house its young people is admitting a failure that must be corrected.

(8) Our prospects are still good. We have a physical setting of remarkable integrity, the world’s best agriculture, a splendid wealth of minerals, great rivers for irrigation and an unsurpassed system of roads for transportation. We also have a magnificent mixture of people from all the continents with varied traditions and strengths. But most of all, we have a unique and balanced system of government.

(9) I think of America as having the oldest form of government on earth, because since we started our present democracy in 1789, every other nation has suffered either parliamentary change or revolutionary change. It is our system that has survived and should survive, giving the maximum number of people a maximum chance for happiness. IV. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose
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the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

55. Which of the following is NOT a major aspect of the American life discussed by the writer? A. Family value and housing. C. Agriculture and transportation. B. Social welfare and education. D. Marriage and women’s social status.

56. The author welcomes the freer patterns of today’s courtship and marriage ______. A. since nobody can survive almost anything B. because many young kids of his time suffered bitterly C. although all the families find it difficult to deal with the changes D. whether or not these changes have indicated a decided turn to the right

57. American public schools today are ______. A. no better than those decades ago B. no worse than those in the past C. less desirable than they used to be D. more desirable than private schools

58. Builders seem not willing to put up small homes for young married couples because ______. A. there is no market demand for small houses B. America is a nation impotent to house its young people C. most young people would dream of having larger homes D. it is not very lucrative for builders to put up small houses

59. The America of today is similar with that of 1950, a case in point is ______. A. young people have more children than their parents did B. young people do many things in the same ways as their parents did C. American people are reluctant to donate money to public services D. many young people are cautious about getting re-married after a divorce
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60. Which of the following is a serious problem that exists in American society? A. American women are changing the rules. B. America cannot provide homes for its young people. C. American public schools are as good as private schools. D. None of the jobless can enjoy more welfare than before.

61. As the writer expects to see a reaffirmation of traditional family values, sharp restraints on pornography, a return to religion and a rejection of certain kinds of social legislation, he is somewhat ______. A. radical C. conservative B. cynical D. open-minded

62. Obviously, the writer is ______ the major changes that have taken place and that are occurring in American life. A. in favor of C. critical of B. enraged by D. worried about

63. The American system of government has survived and should survive, because ______. A. it is truly democratic B. it is the oldest on earth C. it has experienced numerous changes D. it offers its people chances of happiness 64. This essay is ______. A. narrative C. descriptive B. expository D. argumentative

V. There is one underlined part in each of the following sentences, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is closest in meaning to the underlined part and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)

65. In a time of rapid changes it is essential that we remember how much of the old we cling to. A. adhere to C. take pride in B. put up with D. agree upon

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66. It is as if our country spent the 1960s and 1970s jealously breaking out of old restraints and now wishes to put the brakes on. A. stop it C. renounce it B. embrace it D. accelerate it

67. Thirty years ago I could not have imagined a group of women employees suing a major corporation for millions of dollars of salary... A. applying to B. competing with D. demanding compensation from

C. making a legal claim against

68. In the bad old days she might have known destitution, but with family assistance she was able to hold her children together... A. scarcity C. prostitution B. prosperity D. impoverishment

69. I consider this the most-serious danger confronting family life in America, and I am appalled that the condition has been allowed to develop. A. satisfied C. reminded B. shocked D. convinced

Vl. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 70. They belong to churches, even though they attend somewhat less frequently, and they want their children to have religious instruction. 71. The 1980 election, especially for the Senate and House of Representatives, signaled a decided turn to the right insofar as political and social attitudes were concerned. 72. Nor could I imagine women in universities going up to the men who ran the athletic programs and demanding a just share of the physical education budget. 73. The problem is that good public schools are becoming pitifully rare, and I would not want to take the chance that the one I sent my children to was inadequate. 74. For a major nation to show itself impotent to house its young people is admitting a failure that must be
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corrected.

VII. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your Sheet. (10 points) 75. What do you think are the merits that we could learn from Americans

answers on the Answer

VIII.Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (18 points, 2 points each for 76-80, 8 points for 81) 76. 就政策而言,我们和你们一样对相同的事情感到愤怒——我们更为愤怒,因为我们的生命成了用来检验政 策的东西。 77. 在我看来,没有比睡眠问题更能说明事物的对立性了。 78. 人类历史上什么时候有这么多人一起把闲暇时间耗在一种玩具——电视上? 79. 也许她再也看不到这些熟悉的东西了,她做梦也没想到会和它们分开。 80. 先不说写作是为了养家糊口,我认为写作有四个主要动机,至少写散文是如此。 81. 与美国传统不同,总的来说,在英国黑人和白人之间并没有细微的区分。在伦敦,除了为数不多的几家只 对白人开放的俱乐部外,划分种族界限的场合很少。英国人没有肤色偏见,牛津的大学生活更是如此。就是 在这样一种宽松的气氛里,我的关于种族和家庭的戒备心理松懈下来了。

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2008 年 10 月自学考试高级英语试题参考答案
一、选择题 1、M 11、T 21、F

2、S 12、U 22、D

3、O 4、R 5、N 13、A 14、H 15、I 23、V 24、C

6、W 16、J

7、L 8、P 9、X 10、Q 17、G 18、B 19、E 20、K

二、选择题 25、A 26、C 27、Q 28、N 29、B 30、I 31、X 32、P 35、U 36、H 37、T 38、O 39、J 三、40、B 41、B 42、A 43、A 44、A 45、A 50、A 51、A 52、B 53、B 54、A 四、55、C 56、B 57、C 58、D 59、B 60、B 46、A

33、W

34、G

47、B 48、B

49、B

61、C

62、A

63、A 64、B

五、65、A 66、A 67、C 68、D 69、B 70、尽管他们去教堂的次数没有从前多,但是他们仍然信教,也希望孩子接受宗教教育。 71、1980 年的大选,特别是参议院和众议院的选举,标志着美国人的政治和社会态度发生决定性的右倾转变。 72、我也不敢想象女大学生会直接去找学校体育项目负责人,要求享有应得的体育预算份额。 73、问题是好的公立学校正变得越来越少。我可不想冒险把自己的孩子送进一所不怎么样的公立学校。 74、对于一个大国来说,在为本国年轻人提供住房方面表现自己的无能,就等于承认自己的失败,而这种失败必须 得到纠正。 76、We’re angry about the same things you are in terms of policy ——a little angrier because our lives were the things used to those policies. 77、With me, nothing illustrates the contrariness of things better than the matter of sleep. 78、When before in human history has so much humanity collectively surrendered so much of its leisure to one toy——TV? 79、Perhaps she would never see again those familiar objects from which she had never dreamed of being divided. 80、Putting aside the need to em a living, I think there are four great motives for writing, at any rate for writing prose. 81、England then, for the most part, was free of the fine distinctions between blacks and whites traditionally made in America. Except for some exclusive clubs in London, there were few occasions where racial lines were drawn. The color—blidness of England was especially true in the student life at Oxford. It was in such a relaxed racial atmosphere that all my defenses, about race and home, came down,

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全国 2009 年 10 月自学考试高级英语试题
课程代码:00600
请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上,全部题目用英语作答(英译汉题目除外)
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points, 0.5 point for each)

So at least the historical evidence seems to suggest. When I was graduating from college, my 1 also found the world in a mess. The economic machinery had 2 down almost everywhere: In this country 3 a quarter of the population was out of work. A major war seemed all too 4 . As a college newspaper editor at that time, I protested 5 this just as vehemently as student 6 are protesting today. But today she passed the baker’s by, climbed the 7 , went into the little dark room—her room like a cupboard—and sat down on the red eiderdown. She sat 8 for a long time. The box 9 the fur came out of was 10 the bed. She unclasped the necklet quickly; quickly, 11 looking, laid it inside. But when she put the 12 on she thought she heard something crying. The Watts-as-a-way-station mentality has a firm hold on 13 those who remain and those who leave. Such as 14 is, the ghetto is regarded as 15 place to make a career for those who have a future. Without 16 , the prime American values underscore the 17 . Negroes, inside it or out, and whites too, behave toward the 18 like travelers. I know that American technical genius, and 19 of all the moon landing, seems to give the 20 to too summary a condemnation of the 21 system, but there is more to education 22 the segmental equipping of the mind. There is that transmission of the value of the 23 as a force still miraculously fertile and moving—mostly 24 from American education at all levels.

II. In this section, there are fifteen sentences taken from the textbooks with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (15 points, 1 point for each) 25. Like all artists, these rock musicians _____ feelings and beliefs that help us see and form our own. 26. If you don’t do what the doctor says you’ll have to go to the hospital, the mother admonished her _____.
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27. I hope that the example of my _____ will convince other women to get into politics—and not just to stuff envelopes, but to run for office. 28. There was a little path beside the rocky road, and Mrs. Flowers walked _____ swinging her arms and picking her way over the stones. 29. It has become _____ to think that, like fast food, fast ideas are the way to get to a fast-moving, impatient public. 30. All skilled work can be pleasurable, provided the skill _____ is either variable or capable of indefinite improvement. 31. She frowned, conscientiously worrying over what _____ he might secretly be longing for which she had been too busy or too careless to imagine. 32. When salesmen are doing well, there is pressure upon them to begin _____ better, for fear they may start doing worse. 33. Television also provides a wide _____ of opinion by setting up four or five experts and letting them knock each other down. 34. I guess before we’re _____ she may have something more serious than preserves to worry about. 35. She brought a cigarette out of her apron pocket and tucked it deep into one _____ of her mouth, the way she did when something pleased her. 36. Except for some exclusive clubs in London, there were _____ occasions where racial lines were drawn. 37. Undoubtedly the desire for food has been, and still is, one of the main causes of great _____ events. 38. At the same time, of course, the producer must do his bit by producing nothing but the most perishable _____. 39. The northern wind blows viciously today, and there’s no _____ heating to turn on, but it will be pleasant when the wind drops.

III. Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 40. His _____ and unwillingness to learn from others prevent him from being an effective member of the team. A. arrogance B. advantage 41. We must try to create a more caring, more _____ society. A. compassionate B. competitive 42. It was _____ and she did not know enough to analyze each problem properly. A. encouraging B. exhausting 43. Although each TV series will be rated on the basis of its usual content, the ratings can _____ from week to week. A. flow B. fluctuate 44. This _____ factor means that there is often a connection in appearance and temperament between parents and children. A. historical B. hereditary
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45. Though she _____ and pleaded, he refused to go to the dance. A. coaxed B. admonished 46. Jack managed to get 147 tapes and 100 books plus lots of magazines through customs in a(n) _____ way. A. incredulous B. miraculous 47. These days people are becoming more and more _____ about the food they eat. A. sophisticated B. selective 48. The question of going to the United States for a doctor’s degree _____ his mind. A. preoccupied B. intruded 49. In the last twenty years, breakthroughs in technology have _____ advanced the way we communicate, bringing us computers, cell phones and the Internet. A. profoundly B. deeply 50. In our culture, we are accustomed to sophisticated prescription drugs containing a _____ of chemical ingredients. A. plenty B. variety 51. We cannot _____ the country’s telecommunications to unqualified people. A. trust B. entrust 52. Imagine how many times restaurants and merchants had to change their posted prices during the _____ 1970s, when prices almost doubled. A. inflationary B. extraordinary 53. Compared with the _____ period last year, average temperatures have been low. A. corresponding B. related 54. In the middle of these otherwise _____ plains is a striking range of mountains. A. featureless B. pointless

Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items IV, V and VI. Bright Sparks (1) By the time Laszlo Polagar’s first baby was born in 1969 he already had firm views on child-rearing. An eccentric citizen of communist Hungary, he had written a book called “Bring up Genius!” and one of his favorite sayings was “Geniuses are made, not born”. (2) An expert on the theory of chess, he proceeded to teach little Zsuzsa at home, spending up to ten hours a day on the game. Two more daughters were similarly hot-housed. All three obliged their father by becoming world-class players. The youngest, Judit, is currently ranked 13th in the world, and is by far the best female chess player of all time. (3) Would the experiment have succeeded with a different trio of children? If any child can be turned into a star, then a lot of time and money are being wasted worldwide on trying to pick winners. (4) America has long held “talent searches”, using test results and teacher recommendations to select children for advanced school courses, summer schools and other extra tuition. This provision is set to grow. In his state-of-the-union address in 2006, President George Bush announced the “American Competitiveness Initiative”, which, among much else, would train 70,000 high-school teachers to lead advanced courses for selected pupils in mathematics and science. Just as the super powers’ space race made Congress put money into science education, the thought of China and India turning out hundreds of thousands of engineers and scientists is scaring America into stimulating its brightest to do their best.
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(5) The philosophy behind this talent search is that ability is innate; that it can be diagnosed with considerable accuracy; and that it is worth cultivating. (6) In America, bright children are ranked as “moderately”, “highly”, “exceptionally” and “profoundly” gifted. The only chance to influence innate ability is thought to be in the womb or the first couple of years of life. Hence the craze for “teaching aids” such as videos and flashcards for newborns, and “whale sounds” on tape which a pregnant mother can strap to her belly. (7) In Britain, there is a broadly similar belief in the existence of innate talent, but also an egalitarian (平等主义的) sentiment which makes people queasy about the idea of investing resources in grooming intelligence. (8) Teachers are often opposed to separate provision for the best-performing children, saying any extra help should go to stragglers. In 2002, in a bid to help the able while leaving intact the ban on most selection by ability in state schools, the government set up the National Academy for Gifted and Talented Youth. This outfit runs summer schools and master classes for children nominated by their schools. To date, though, only seven in ten secondary schools have nominated even a single child. Last year all schools were told they must supply the names of their top 10%. (9) Picking winners is also the order of the day in excommunist states, a hangover from the times when talented individuals were plucked from their homes and ruthlessly trained for the glory of the nation. But in many other countries, opposition to the idea of singling out talent and grooming it runs deep. In Scandinavia, a belief in virtues like modesty and social solidarity makes people flinch from the idea of treating brainy children differently. (10) And in Japan there is a widespread belief that all children are born with the same innate abilities - and should therefore be treated alike. All are taught together, covering the same syllabus at the same rate until they finish compulsory schooling. Those who learn quickest are expected then to teach their classmates. (11) Statistics give little clue as to which system is best. The performance of the most able is heavily affected by factors other than state provision. Most state education in Britain is nominally non-selective, but middle-class parents try to live near the best schools. Ambitious Japanese parents have made private, out-of-school tuition a thriving business. And Scandinavia’s egalitarianism might work less well in places with more diverse populations and less competent teachers. For what it’s worth, the statistical data suggest that some countries, like Japan and Finland, can avoid selection and still thrive. But that does not mean that any country can ditch selection and do as well. (12) Mr. Polgar thought any child could be a prodigy given the right teaching, an early start and enough practice. Some say the key to success is simply hard graft. Judit, the youngest of the Polgar sisters, was the most driven, and the most successful; Zsofia, the middle one, was regarded as the most talented, but she was the only one who did not achieve the status of grand master. “Everything came easiest to her,” said her older sister. “But she was lazy.” IV. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 55. In their childhood, the three daughters of Polagar _____. A. played chess in house all day long B. had plenty of intense training on chess C. took various lessons on games in house D. revealed their talent in playing chess
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56. In paragraph 3, the author tends to _____ Polagar’s view on child-rearing. A. support B. despise C. question D. defend 57. In America, student winners are usually picked out on the basis of _____. A. test results and praises from teachers B. teacher recommendations and test papers C. test scores and teacher recommendations D. self-presentation and teachers’ evaluations 58. The American “talent searches” is based on the belief that _____. A. there is no innate ability B. few have inborn talent C. education can help develop talent D, one’s innate ability can be measured 59. In paragraph 7, the word “queasy” is closest in meaning to _____. A. curious B. worried C. unhappy D. comfortable 60. According to the passage, in Britain, _____. A. state schools are forbidden to select winners by talent B. state schools are allowed to select students by ability C. secondary schools are eager to pick talented students D. the government is entitled to picking talented children 61. In paragraph 8, the word “outfit” is closest in meaning to _____. A. corporation B. community C. government D. organization 62. In Scandinavia, people value virtues like modesty and social solidarity, so they _____. A. approve of the idea of selecting different brains B. single out the talented children from the dull ones C. refuse to teach talented children in normal ways D. avoid picking talented children for special education 63. In paragraph 11, the word “ditch” is closest in meaning to _____. A. abandon B. embrace C. welcome D. denounce 64. Of the Polgar sisters, _____. A. all achieved the status of grand master B. two became world-class chess players C. the youngest was the most diligent one D. the eldest was under the greatest pressure V. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 65. … the thought of China and India turning out hundreds of thousands of engineers and scientists is scaring America into stimulating its brightest to do their best. 66. To date, though, only seven in ten secondary schools have nominated even a single child. Last year all schools were told they must supply the names of their top 10%.
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67. But in many other countries, opposition to the idea of singling out talent and grooming it runs deep. 68. And Scandinavia’s egalitarianism might work less well in places with more diverse populations and less competent teachers. 69. Mr. Polgar thought any child could be a prodigy given the right teaching, an early start and enough practice. VI. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your Sheet. (10 points) 70. Do you believe in innate ability? Why or why not? VII. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (18 points, 2 points each for 71-75, 8 points for 76) 71.不幸的是,我们地球上高尚的野蛮人和未被玷污的地方越来越少,除了北极和南极,边疆地区已无处可觅。 72.美国唯一没有受到经济萧条影响的产业就是美容业。 73.在消费者中有组织的浪费是我们工业繁荣的先决条件。消费者将买来的东西越快扔 者就越好。 74.这一切至关重要且相互关联的因素共同决定一个人晚年生活的质量。 75.对于这些产品领导者,竞争的不是价格或顾客服务(尽管那些不容忽视),而是产品的性能。 76. 读写能力可能算不上一项不可剥夺的人权, 但我们极有学问的开国元勋们并不觉得 它不合理, 甚至达不到。 从统计数字看,我们不仅没有在全国范围内达到人人都能读写的目标,而目离达到这个目标越来越远。尽管我 不会简单到认为电视是造成这一局面的直接原因,我却相信它起了一定作用,是一个影响因素。 掉并购买新的,对生产 answers on the Answer

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2009 年 10 月自学考试高级英语历年试卷参考答案
82、选择题 1、E 11、K 21、X

2、T 3、F 4、S 5、M 6、L 7、D 8、J 9、U 10、R 12、C 13、I 14、N 15、B 16、Q 17、W 18、O 19、H 20、P 22、V 23、G 24、A

二、选择题 25、Q 26、O 27、R 35、L 36、T 37、I

28、J 29、U 30、G 31、B 38、S 39、N

32、C

33、H

34、E

三、40、A 41、A 42、B 43、B 44、B 45、A 50、B 51、B 52、A 53、A 54、A 四、55、B 56、C 57、C 58、D 59、B

46、B

47、B 48、A 49、A

60、A 61、D

62、D

63、A 64、C

65、相到中国和印度培养出数十万的工程师和科学家,美国惊骇不己,立即激励本国最具聪明才智者尽展其能。 66、然而,到目前十所中学中有七所只提名过一个孩子,去年,要求各学校必须呈报排名前 10%的学生名单。 67、但在其他许多国家里,反对挑选天才并加以培养的想法根深蒂固。 68、在人口成分更加复杂而教师能力较弱的地方,斯堪的纳维亚的平等主义也许就不太起作用了。 69、波尔加认为,只要及早开始、教育得当,加上充分的练习,任何孩子都能成为天才。 70、Suggested points:(1)your view;there is(not)innate ability;(2)your reason(s);(3)a natural conclusion. 71、Our planet, tmfortunately, is running out of noble savages and unsullied landscapes;except for the polar regions, the frontiers are gone. 72、The one American industry unaffected by the general depression of trade is the beauty industr. 73、Organized waste among consumers is the first condition of our industrial prosperity. The sooner a consumer throws away the object he has bought and buys another, the better for the producer. 74、All of these are crucial and interconnected elements which together determine the quality of late life. 75、For these in, duct leaders com, offtion is not ahont price or custrny service(though those can't be ignored),it's about product erformance, 76、Literacy may not be an inalienable human right, but it is one that the highly literate Founling Fathers might not have fouad unreasonable or even unattainable. We are not only not attaining it as a nation, statistically speaking,but we are falling further and further short of attaining it, And, while I would not be so simplistic as to suggest that television is the cause, I helieve it sontributes and is an influence.

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全国 2010 年 10 月自学考试高级英语试题
课程代码:00600
全部题目用英文作答(翻译题除外),并将答案写在答题纸相应位置上
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each)

Today’s heroes—some of them, anyway—tell us they enjoy their men and the ladies. Who never that is Alice Cooper. If I said that being black is a greater Because “we all know” there is is an idea that still 9 8 6 3

1

. “And I 4

2

to myself at the 5

of us billion-dollar babies.” The

“culture hero” who

than being a woman, probably no one would

7

me. Why?

against black people in America. That there is prejudice against women 10 . 12

nearly all men—and, I am afraid, most women—as 11 13

There is, however, another of happiness than is the exercise of 14

possessed by the best work, which is even more important as a

. This is the element of constructiveness. In some work, though by no 15 when the work is completed. 16 year at Whittier College,

in most, something is built up which remains as a

My own state of mind, when I left Watts eight years ago to take up the was 17 . It was to me less of a 18

; it was the stepping off point of an Odyssey that was to take me through 19 then, as now, to make

Whittier College and Oxford University, to Yale Law School, and back to Watts. I had Watts my 20 . 21 , all said and 22 , if you don’t 23

Well, it’s a good life and a good big wide world hasn’t 24

, and if you know that the

from you yet, no, not by a long way, though it won’t be long now. The float 25 on his face, he began to wind in the reel. D. means I. strikes N. particular S. monument X. world E. heard J. done O. grin T. sings Y. bizarre

bobbed more violently than before and, with a A. handicap F. question K. source R. skill U. rewards B. element G. freshman L. different Q. laughed V.departure C. weaken H. home M. conceived R. prejudice W. intended

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each)

26. The citizens are grateful to the government for the ______ environment.
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A. wholesome C. noisome

B. wholesale D. tiresome

27. The farmers’ ______ from the contest aroused heated debates. A. omission C. inclusion B. exclusion D. emission

28. He owed his victory to endurance and ______. A. instance C. subsistence B. existence D. perseverance

29. He killed his enemy and received a ______ wound himself. A. moral C. mortal B. fateful D. factual

30. To remove the paint, he had to apply a knife to ______ the table. A. scrape C. dab B. rub D. peel

31. The local government decided to ______ money for the building of a new post office. A. distribute C. contribute B. divide D. allot

32. She was ______ of her notorious family scandal. A. shameful C. ashamed B. shameless D. shamed

33. Since then, the contrast between his two careers has become even more ______. A. symbolized C. predominated B. distinguished D. pronounced

34. I recall how ______ it was years ago when people littered everywhere in our city. A. annoying C. frightening B. scaring D. humiliating

35. I don’t complain about the smoking ______ because I hate watching people smoking in hospitals. A. programs B. restrictions
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C. arguments

D. advertisements

36. His muscles are firmest and his ______ colds and infections is highest. A. ignorance of C. resistance to B. independence of D. attribution to

37. Regardless of ______ poll results, a number of objections have been published in newspapers. A. practical C. favorable B. sensible D. outstanding

38. At British universities, it is ______ to cease work and spend a half-hour or so sipping tea and eating cookies with the members of one’s department. A. satisfactory C. contemporary B. extraordinary D. customary

39. The concentration of populations in cities has given ______ to many problems of housing, education, and medical services. A. rise C. result B. reason D. response

40. This discovery is highly ______ in the circle of science. A. measured C. calculated B. appreciated D. experimented

Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V.

A Wrong Man in Workers’ Paradise (1) The man had never believed in mere utility. (2) Having had no useful work, he indulged in mad whims. He made little pieces of sculpture—men, women and castle, quaint earthen things dotted over with sea-shells. He painted. Thus he wasted his time on all that was useless, needless. People laughed at him. At times he vowed to shake off his whims, but they lingered in his mind. (3) Some boys seldom ply their books and yet pass their tests. A similar thing happened to this man. He spent his earth life in useless work and yet after his death the gates of Heaven opened wide for him.
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(4) But mistakes are unavoidable even in Heaven. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger who took charge of the man made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’ Paradise. (5) In this Paradise you find everything except leisure. (6) Here men say: “God! We haven’t a moment to spare.” Women whisper: “Let’s move on, time’s a-flying.” All exclaim: “Time is precious.” “We have our hands full, we make use of every single minute,” they sigh complainingly, and yet those words make them happy and exalted. (7) But this newcomer, who had passed all his life on Earth without doing a scrap of useful work, did not fit in with the scheme of things in Workers’ Paradise. He lounged in the streets absently and jostled the hurrying men. He lay down in green meadows, or close to the fast flowing streams, and was taken to task by busy farmers. He was always in the way of others. (8) A hustling girl went every day to a silent torrent (silent, since in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would not waste its energy singing) to fill her pitcher. (9) The girl’s movement on the road was like the rapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar. Her hair was carelessly done; inquisitive wisps stooped often over her forehead to peer at the dark wonder of her eye. (10) The idler was standing by the stream. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filled with pity, so the busy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity. (11 ) “A—ha !” she cried with concern. “You have no work in hand, have you?” (12) The man sighed, “Work! I have not a moment to spare for work.” (13) The girl did not understand his words, and said: “I shall spare some work for you to do, if you like.” (14) The man replied: “Girl of the silent torrent, all this time I have been waiting to take some work from your hands.” (15) “What kind of work would you like?” (16) “Will you give me one of your pitchers, one that you can spare?” (17) She asked: “A pitcher? You want to draw water from the torrent?” (18) “No, I shall draw pictures on your pitcher.” (19) The girl was annoyed. (20) “Pictures, indeed! I have no time to waste on such as you. I am going.” And she walked away. (21) But how could a busy person get the better of one who had nothing to do? Every day they met, and every day he said to her: “Girl of the silent torrent, give me one of your clay pitchers. I shall draw pictures on it.” (22) She yielded at last. She gave him one of her pitchers. The man started painting. He drew line after line; he
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put color after color. (23) When he had completed his work, the girl held up the pitcher and stared at its sides, her eyes puzzled. Brows drawn, she asked: “What do they mean, all those lines and colors? What is their purpose?” (24) The man laughed. (25) “Nothing. A picture may have no meaning and may serve no purpose.” (26) The girl went away with her pitcher. At home, away from prying eyes, she held it in the light, turned it round and round and scanned the painting from all angles. At night she moved out of bed, lighted a lamp and scanned it again in silence. For the first time in her life she had seen something that had no meaning and no purpose at all. (27) When she set out for the torrent the next day, her hurrying feet were a little less hurried than before. For a new sense seemed to have wakened in her, a sense that seemed to have no meaning and no purpose at all. (28) She saw the painter standing by the torrent and asked in confusion: “What do you want of me?” (29) “Only some more work from your hands.” (30) “What kind of work would you like?” (31) “Let me make a colored ribbon for your hair,” he answered. (32) “And what for?” (33) “Nothing.” (34) Ribbons were made, bright with colors. The busy girl of Workers’ Paradise had now to spend a lot of time every day tying the colored ribbon around her hair. The minutes slipped by, unutilized. Much work was left unfinished. (35) In Workers’ Paradise work had of late begun to suffer. Many persons who had been active before were now idle, wasting their precious time on useless things such as painting and sculpture. The elders became anxious. A meeting was called. All agreed that such a state of affairs had so far been unknown in the history of Workers’ Paradise. (36) The aerial messenger hurried in, bowing before the elders and made a confession. (37) “I brought a wrong man into this Paradise,” he said. “It is all due to him.” (38) The man was summoned. As he came the elders saw his fantastic dress, his quaint brushes, his paints, and they knew at once that he was not the right sort for Workers’ Paradise. (39) Stiffly the President said: “This is no place for the like of you. You must leave.” (40) The man sighed in relief and gathered up his brush and paint. But as he was about to go, the girl of the silent torrent came up tripping and cried: “Wait a moment. I shall go with you.”
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(41) The elders gasped in surprise. Never before had a thing like this happened in Workers’ Paradise—a thing that had no meaning and no purpose at all.

III. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each). 41. What do you think is the main point of the story? A. The love of a painter for a pretty girl. B. The opposition between beauty and utility. C. The change of heart in a girl who used to believe in mere utility. D. The ideal society where no time is wasted and no idler is tolerated. 42. What is the author’s attitude in this story? A. He is indifferent to the artist. B. He is in sympathy with the artist. C. He is absolutely objective in telling the story. D. He makes fun of those who believe in Paradise. 43. In the sentence “...but they lingered in his mind” in Paragraph 2, “they” refers to ______. A. his whims C. the things he made B. his vows D. the people he met

44. What is the proper meaning of the phrase “a scrap of” in Paragraph 7? A. a lot of C. a bit of B. a load of D. a pile of

45. In Paragraph 8, with the sentence “...in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would not waste its energy singing”, the author intends to ______. A. state a fact C. praise the Workers’ Paradise B. laugh at the man D. scoff at the Workers’ Paradise

46. What is the meaning of the phrase “get the better of” in Paragraph 21 ? A. pick C. defeat B. make use of D. make fun of
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47. What is the meaning of the word “quaint” in Paragraph 38? A. disgusting C. ugly B. strange D. disturbing

48. Based on the author’s description of the girl, we know that ______. A. she was curious B. she was not very attractive C. she was much busier than the others D. she was the princess of the Workers’ Paradise 49. When the elders asked the man to leave the Workers’ Paradise, the man was ______. A. disappointed C. pleased B. worried D. surprised

50. From the end of the story we can infer that ______. A. the girl won against the elders C. the elders won against the man B. the elders won against the girl D. the man won against the elders

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)

51. Having had no useful work, he indulged in mad whims. 52. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger who took charge of the man made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’ Paradise. 53. Here men say: “God! We haven’t a moment to spare.” Women whisper: “Let’s move on, time’s a-flying.” 54. The girl’s movement on the road was like the rapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar. 55. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filled with pity, so the busy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity.

V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. Do you think art is something that has no meaning and no purpose at all? Why or why not?
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VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62)

57.心情好时,我可以谱写出恢弘的交响乐,绘制出壮丽的画卷。 58.这家事务所还强烈反对离婚、追求女色以及酗酒。 59.五个月前她得到杰利在战场上失踪的消息。 60.如果你一辈子都拒绝吊在眼前的诱饵,那就根本算不上活着了。 61.大概 17 岁到 24 岁期间,我试图摈弃这个念头,但这样做的同时我清楚这违背了我的本性,我知道自己迟 早都要安定下来写作。 62.我认为,这几十年里报纸已经成为一种习惯,而不是一种功能。报纸已享有太长时间的特权,任何变化都 会让人们难以接受。实际上,我不知道近 20 年里还有哪种媒体的变化像日报那样小。反对变化就是停止 发展,进而使报纸失去作用。

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全国 2011 年 10 月高等教育自学考试 高级英语试题
课程代码:00600
全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上
Ⅰ. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points,1 point for each)

One of the best current examples of what Horowitz is talking

1

is John Denver. His most 3

2

songs— “Sunshine on My Shoulders”“Rocky Mountain High” and “Country Road” , , — and power of 4 rock, while the lyrics celebrate the simple 5

the musical drive

of“the good old days”. 6 that television has made 7 to 9

It is all symbolized in my mind by the hugely successful art the culture, the 30-second commercial: the tiny drama of the 8

housewife who finds happiness 10

choosing the right toothpaste. When before in human history has so much humanity of its leisure to one toy, one mass diversion? They had no 11 of comparison and assumed that this was a 13 12

surrendered so much

of his class, just as a traveler 14

stepping off the liner at a foreign businessman who happens to 15

for luncheon sums up a nation’s character forever in the

the table with him. 16 week for each sales office and for Sales 18 to the sales results for the 19

Each week, for example, a record of the sales results of the Department as a week of the year 17 20 .

for each division of the company is kept and

But by and large the news reports and commentaries on CBS and NBC and ABC make every viewers with more than one 22 of an issue, either by letting 25 . E.before J.central O.opposing T.port Y.wily 23

21

to present 24 or by

spokesmen have their

outlining the positions held by both major parties on the subject A.folk F.preceding K.compared P.effort U.say B.means G.joys L.share Q.collectively V.aspect C.form H.in M.characteristic R.about W.whole

D.combine I.corresponding N.notable S.involved X.earnest

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26. New books were displayed in a ______ position on tables at the front of the shop. A. prominent B. preeminent C. dominant D. relevant
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27. The government is trying to ______ the people into thinking that a war is necessary. A. inspire B. poison C. adopt D. brainwash 28. You need to demonstrate to the examiners that you have more than a(n) ______ understanding of the text. A. actual B. factual C. literal D. literary 29. Such ______ of the facts cannot be allowed to go unchallenged. A. distortion B. disturbance C. distraction D. distribution 30. Cutting the bush back in the autumn will help promote ______ growth in the spring. A. violent B. virtual C. vigorous D. visual 31. In this story, the clever little fox ______ the hunters and escapes from the trap they set. A. outweighs B. outwits C. outnumbers D. outgrows 32. The British ______ time, effort and huge sums of money on pets. A. lavish B. grant C. provide D. supply 33. The fortunes of the major political parties tend to ______ and flow over time. A. halt B. fall C. ebb D. fly 34. I’m tired of listening to her ______ the virtues of her children. A. exposing B. explaining C. extending D. extolling 35. There will be a mass ______ to the seaside, the countryside and foreign holiday destinations during summer vacation. A. departure B. inflow C. evasion D. exodus 36. John was angry when the boss said that his proposal was completely ______. A. disposable B. dismissible C. unapproachable D. unavoidable 37. Lack of sleep has ______ her concentration. A. deconstructed B. impaired C. demonstrated D. repaired 38. He had long held a(n) ______ fascination with the horrors of contemporary warfare. A. arbitrary B. mortal C. morbid D. courteous 39. The government replaced the narrow street with a wide ______ with the funds raised. A. lane B. path C. boulevard D. trail 40. Like so many politicians, he had an ______ appetite for power. A. innumerable B. inseparable C. insufferable D. insatiable Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V.

ANC Reform: Alaska Natives Battle for Change
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(1) They gathered in an office building behind closed doors, a dozen executives of Alaska native corporations (ANCs) considering how to proceed in the face of threats to a government program that had given them a shortcut to billions in income from federal contracts. For years, the leaders of ANCs had maintained a united front of support for the ANC program, despite news accounts and audits that turned up allegations of abuses. (2) In August 2009, just weeks after an especially critical congressional hearing,officials from three of the ANCs proposed a major break in the long-held habit of keeping native problems to themselves. They wanted the group to acknowledge the problems and adopt radical reforms. The room went silent when the officials announced their key proposal: a cap on contracts that would end their ability to get deals of any size without competition. (3) “The reaction was surprisingly muted, said a person who was there that day who spoke on the condition of ” anonymity because of the nature of the meeting. “It was obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table.” (4) One of the reformers, Tara Sweeney, a vice president at Arctic Slope based in Barrow, said in a recent interview that advocating a position with implied criticism of Alaska natives was “not an easy path to take.” But she said that she and others could not stand by and do nothing. “We need to do the right thing, she said. ” (5) Executives at Doyon Limited and Cook Inlet Region Inc. joined those at Arctic Slope in calling for fundamental changes in the program, which has opened the way for $29 billion to Alaska native corporations over the past decade, most of it through set-aside deals or contracts awarded without competition. (6) In a proposal handed over to the Small Business Administration (SBA) last month, the three companies called for better tracking and reporting of benefits to Alaska native shareholders and their communities. They reiterated their call for limits on the size of contracts awarded without competition, requiring additional justification for contracts of more than $100 million. They called for new limits on how ANC subsidiaries could operate and for better enforcement “of program rules to ensure the integrity” of small-business contracting. (7) “Our proposed reforms will improve the program by increasing accountability, decreasing the potential for abuse while continuing to encourage the growth of sustainable businesses that raise the standard of living for Alaska native people, the three reformers said in a letter to the SBA. ” (8) In the Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense, debate. (9) Sarah Lukin, executive director of the Native American Contractors Association; said the ANC program as it currently is benefits Alaska natives and taxpayers. She said the three reformers, who are not members of her association, “can afford to do business” without the set-aside program because of their natural resources and real estate holdings. (10) Lukin said critics have taken ANC problems out of context, ignoring the fact that the same issues, such as the use of contracts without competition, are widespread across the government. “The scrutiny on ANCs is disproportionate, she said. ”

(11) An unlikely set of allies has joined the reformers.

(12) In an interview, Sen. Lisa Murkowski, one of the most adamant ANC boosters, applauded the idea of more
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transparency and accountability. “In order to continue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow for appropriate oversight, she said. “I have defended this program, but I do not ” defend the program unconditionally.”

(13) Sen. Claire McCaskill, chairman of a contracting oversight subcommittee that held the ANC hearing last year, said the contracting privileges ought to be rescinded altogether. “If you really understand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaks for the many poor natives who are suffering still. They’re being used,” she said. “Two groups of people are getting screwed by the program. Many Alaska natives who are not getting their fair share, and the American taxpayers.”

(14) She suggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders. “I would much prefer that the American government help Alaska natives directly than through ridiculously over-priced, noncompete government contracts, she said. ”

(15) Sheri Buretta, chairman of the board of the Chugach Corp., said that the government needs to keep giving ANCs room to improve and grow. “There’s no doubt in my mind there are abuses.” Until now, native executives have been afraid to speak up because of fears “it will be used against us. We’re trying as hard as we can, she said. ” “It’s an evolutionary process.”

III. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 41. The purpose of the ANC program reforms is to ______. A. encourage the growth of sustainable businesses B. compete with large joint ventures C. enhance taxpayers’ confidence in ANCs D. get deals of any size without competition

42. The officials of Alaska native corporations gathered to ______. A. discuss the reform proposals B. find ways to help native Alaska people C. improve corporate competition D. protest against the Pentagon 43. The main proposal of officials from three of the ANCs is to ______. A. acknowledge the problems and call for federal support B. keep native problems to themselves C. limit the size of contracts D. stand by and do nothing
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44. The word “anonymity” in the third paragraph means ______. A. holding a negative attitude B. calling for public attention C. keeping one’s name untold D. holding back one’s opinions 45. The corporation headquartered in Barrow is ______. A. Doyon Limited B. Cook Inlet Region Inc. C. Chugach Corp. D. Arctic Slope 46. The word “reiterated” in the sixth paragraph means ______. A. responded B. reviewed C. reconsidered D. restated 47. In the ninth paragraph, Sarah Lukin’s attitude toward the reform proposals is ______. A. tolerant B. supportive C. negative D. conservative 48. The word “disproportionate” in the tenth paragraph means ______. A. unfair B. unknown C. undone D. uneasy 49. According to Sen. Claire McCaskill, the victims of the ANC program are ______. A. Alaska officials and corporation executives B. American officials and Alaska taxpayers C. Alaska natives and American taxpayers D. American citizens and corporation executives 50. The sentence “It’s an evolutionary process.” in the fifteenth paragraph implies that ______. A. it takes courage B. it takes time C. it is an easy path to take D. it is the right thing to do IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 51. It was obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table. 52. In the Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense debate. 53. In order to continue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow for appropriate oversight. 54. If you really understand what is going on with Alaska native corporations,your heart breaks for the many poor natives who are suffering still. 55. She suggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders. V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. What is your attitude to reforms? Illustrate your point of view with one or more appropriate examples. VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2
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points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.一个致力于在少数特定地区增加个人财富的政府系统永远不会为公众谋求利益。 58.黑人区至少不再满足于其美国城区私生子的地位。 59.男人可以用报纸作为屏障与妻子隔开。 60.当年医生出于对个人自由的坚定不移的尊重而不去杀害健康的、渴望活下去的人们。 61.首先,作为防止无聊的手段,工作是可取的。因为与终日无所事事百无聊赖相比,从事必要而乏味的工作所感 受的无聊就算不了什么了。 62.亚裔美国老人是这样一种公众印象的牺牲品:他们有家人的独立照顾,因此不需要外界帮助。然而来到这个国 家的亚裔美国入的移民模式、文化障碍、语言障碍、语言问题和他们遭遇的歧视,都给这些老人及其家人带来 伤害.

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全国 2012 年 1 月高等教育自学考试 高级英语试题 课程代码:00600
全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each) This strategy also has ancient antecedents. Ever since civilization began, certain 1 have tried to run away from it in hopes of finding a simpler, more 2 , more peaceful life. Unlike the dropouts, they are not 3 . They are willing and to support themselves and to 4 something to the general community, but they simply don’t like the environment of civilization; that is, the city, with all its 5 and tension. I had the lonely child’s habit of 6 stories and holding conversations with 7 persons, and I think from the very start my literary ambitions were mixed up with the feeling of being isolated and 8 . I knew that I had a facility with words and a power of facing 9 facts, and I felt that this created a sort of private world in which I could get my own back for my 10 in everyday life. Only two people shared her “special” seat: a fine old man in a velvet coat, his hands 11 over a huge carved walking-stick, and a big old woman, sitting 12 , with a roll of knitting on her embroidered apron. They did not speak. This was 13 , for Miss Brill always looked forward 14 the conversation. She had become really quite 15 , she thought, at listening as though she didn’ listen, at sitting in other people’ lives just for a minute while they talked round t s her. Our research shows that no company can succeed today by trying to be all things to all people. It must instead find the 16 value that it alone can deliver to a chosen market. We have identified three distinct value 17 , so called because each discipline produces a different kind of 18 value. Choosing one discipline to master does not mean that a company 19 the other two, only that it picks a dimension of value on which to 20 its market reputation over the long term. The value of snobbery in general, its humanistic “point” consists in its power to 21 activity. A society with plenty , of snobberies is like a dog with plenty of 22 : it is not likely to become comatose. Every snobbery demands of its devotees 23 efforts, a succession of sacrifices. The society-snob must be perpetually lion-hunting; the modernity-snob can never rest 24 trying to be up-to-date. Swiss doctors and the Best that has been thought or said must be the daily and nightly preoccupation of all the snobs respectively of 25 and culture. A.making up F.disciplines K.fleas P.individuals U.unceasing B.unique G. imaginary L.clasped Q.expert V.pastoral C.upright H.parasites M.disease R.undervalued W.from D.customer I.to N.disappointing S.contribute X.stimulate E.ugliness J.stake O.failure T.abandons Y.unpleasant

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26. What you say is far ______ from what you said before. A. moved B. removed C. proved D. disproved 27. There will be live ______ of the concert on TV and radio. A. transaction B. transition
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C. transmission D. transportation 28. The first priority for a government is to enable its citizens to live in peace and ______ . A. tranquility B. altitude C. complexity D. attitude 29. The pianist was ______ with the most extravagant applause from the audience. A. loaded B. burdened C. pressed D. weighed 30. The problem of poverty didn’t ______ itself until the earthquake. A. manifest B. demonstrate C. emerge D. exhibit 31. They got their just ______ when the scheme was finally uncovered. A. desert B. dessert C. deserts D. desserts 32. The tail of the whale ______ their boat and they all fell into water. A. plucked B. flicked C. pecked D. flapped 33. In time of prosperity, friends will be plenty; in time of ______ , not one among twenty. A. dilemma B. adversity C. insomnia D. deadlock 34. He refused to ______ of such a solution to his problem. A. deceive B. receive C. conceive D. perceive 35. He felt proud to proclaim that he knew only English and somehow ______ of his native culture. A. contemporary B. temporary C. contemptuous D. contemptible 36. There is a growing recognition that we should abolish racial ______. A. segregation B. separation C. integration D. evaporation 37. It is desirable to ______ the chemicals before the plant is seriously damaged. A. splash B. spill C. pour D. spray 38. I didn’t expect him to descend to ______ abuse. A. common B. personal C. ordinary D. individual 39. Make a phone call if you are wishing to renew your ______ to our magazine. A. contribution B. distribution C. subscription D. attribution 40. He began to ______ as the intense cold pervaded the room. A. shake B. quake C. jerk D. shiver Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V. (1) “During the whole of a dull, dark and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher.” Thus Edgar Allan Poe opened his story of “The Fall of the House of Usher” in 1839. In this beautifully crafted sentence he captured so much that is essential to the horror story—darkness, ominous solitude, foreboding calm, apprehension and uncertainty, and a deep feeling of melancholy that could soon turn to fear.
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(2) Many kinds of fiction are self-explanatory: mysteries, westerns,love stories,spy thrillers,and science fiction define themselves by the terms used to name them. The horror story is less easily defined, perhaps because other types of fiction so often use the trappings of terror to enhance their plots. Charles Dickens used the vehicle of an old-fashioned ghost Story to tell “A Christmas Carol” but that book is not a horror story. Nor does a Grimm brothers fairy tale such as “H?nsel and , Gretel, with its child-devouring witch, belong to the genre. ” (3) The nature of the horror story is best indicated by the title of the 1990s television series Tales from the Dark Side. Human beings have always acknowledged that there is evil in the world and a dark side to human nature that cannot be explained except perhaps in religious terms. This evil may be imagined as having an almost unlimited power to inspire anxiety, fear, dread, and terror in addition to doing actual physical and mental harm. (4) In the tale of horror quite ordinary people are confronted by something unknown and fearful, which can be neither understood nor explained in reasonable terms. It is the emphasis on the unreasonable that lies at the heart of horror stories. (5) This kind of literature arose in the 18th century at the start of a movement called Romanticism. The movement was a reaction against a rational, ordered world in which humanity was basically good and everything could be explained scientifically. The literary type that inspired the horror story is Gothic fiction, tales of evil, often set in sinister medieval surroundings. This original kind of horror fiction has persisted to the present. An early 20th-century master of the type was H.P. Lovecraft, most of whose stories appeared in the magazine Weird Tales. A more recent writer was Stephen King, author of Carrie (1974), The Shining (1977), Pet Sematary (1984), Misery (1987), and Rose Madder (1995). (6) Much horror literature is grounded in superstition, fear of demons, and the dread of death. No single tale brings all of these elements together so well as the vampire legend, an ancient folk superstition. The vampire is described as undead, an entombed individual who rises each night to feed on the blood of the living. In literature its best representation is Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker. The legend was retold in Interview with the Vampire (1976) by Anne Rice. The Dracula story was eagerly taken up by Hollywood in the 1931 film that starred Bela Lugosi, and numerous movies on the theme have been made since. (7) Similar to the vampire legend is the story of the wolfman, the human being under a curse who turns into a half man, half wolf presumably when the moon is full. This creature prowls around, devouring animals, people, or corpses, but he returns to human form by day. As with Dracula,the wolfman became a popular subject for movies,beginning with The Werewolf of London (1935) and the wolfman films of the 1940s. According to one superstition the werewolf, after being killed, turns into a vampire. (8) The belief that the dead can return to haunt and harm the living has long been an element of fiction. Ghost stories are at least as old as the Bible: in the Old Testament, King Saul calls up the ghost of Samuel to foretell the outcome of a battle. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the ghost of the slain king provides the information from which Hamlet plots revenge for his father’ murder. One of the masters of the modern ghost story was Ambrose Bierce, some of whose stories were collected s in Ghost and Horror Stories of Ambrose Bierce (1964). A variation on the ghost theme is the haunted house, about which hundreds of stories have been written. (9) Between the vampires and the ghosts are creatures called the living dead and zombies who return from the grave to devour the living. Hollywood celebrated this story in Night of the Living Dead (1968) and other films. In literature one of the best examples is the intriguing book The Beast with Five Fingers (1928; film version 1946) by W.F. Harvey. It is the story of a severed hand that goes on living after its owner dies. The movie Friday the 13th (1980) and its sequels also used the revived corpse as villain. In the 1986 film Trick or Treat, a dead rock music star is called back to life. III. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 41. In the first paragraph, Edgar Allan Poe’s story is quoted to show ______. A. how beautiful his writing is B. what a horror story is like C. He was good at writing horror stories D. His stories are dark and mysterious
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42. The word “ominous” in the first paragraph means ______. A. foreshadowing evil B. foretelling luck C. forecasting rain D. forbearing pain 43. “Many kinds of fiction are self-explanatory” in the second paragraph means ______. A. they target ordinary readers B. they are easy to understand C. their categories show what they are about D. they often employ horror to develop their plots 44. The most important element that makes a horror story is ______. A. uncertainty B. suspension C. irrationality D. superstition 45. The assumption behind horror stories is that ______. A. humanity is evil in nature B. humanity is basically good C. humanity can be taught to be good D. humanity can be explained 46. The word “entombed” in the sixth paragraph means ______. A. wicked B. fainted C. wounded D. buried 47. The word “slain” in the eighth paragraph means ______. A. captured B. killed C. bitten D. beaten 48. Stories of haunted houses deal with the theme of ______. A. vampires B. zombies C. werewolves D. ghosts 49. A typical example of a zombie story is ______. A. Carrie B. The Beast with Five Fingers C. Dracula D. The Werewolf of London 50. The purpose of this passage is to ______. A. persuade B. inform C. entertain D. reason IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 51. The horror story is less easily defined, perhaps because other types of fiction so often use the trappings of terror to enhance their plots. 52. Human beings have always acknowledged that there is evil in the world and a dark side to human nature that cannot be explained except perhaps in religious terms. 53. Much horror literature is grounded in superstition, fear of demons, and the dread of death. 54. Similar to the vampire legend is the story of the wolfman, the human being under a curse who turns into a half man, half wolf presumably when the moon is full. 55. The belief that the dead can return to haunt and harm the living has long been an element of fiction. V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. Do you like horror stories? Why or why not? VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.我很擅长这些欺骗伎俩,虽然我不能每次都骗得了自己。
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58.我同意我们的食物有营养,而且我们大多数人的饮食是均衡的。 59.但我还没有放弃找到加速入睡的办法的希望。 60.我认为对于知识的追求主要源于对权力的热爱,而所有科技上的进步亦是如此。 61.老年生活既不是本来就痛苦,也不是本来就美满的。它和生活的每个阶段一样,有自己的问题、欢乐、恐惧和潜 力。 62.这个国家的一切——社会结构、家庭组织形式、经济、国际地位——变得更加复杂,而不是更加简单。然而,其 占主导地位的传播工具,作为国家的主要连接纽带,却对通常难以解决的人类问题向人们兜售简单的解决方案。

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全国 2012 年 10 月高等教育自学考试

高级英语试题
课程代码:00600
请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外) 。

选择题部分
注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的 位置上。 2. 每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂 其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。 I. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence.(15 points,1 point for each) 1.The presiding judge described the terrorist attack as an ______ crime. A.alluring B.abusive C.abnormal D.abominable 2.The billionaire ______ his only daughter his entire estate. A.deprived B.entrusted C.presented D.bequeathed 3.Through ______ teeth she told her ex-supervisor to leave immediately. A.sneezing B.clenched C.shivering D.drenched 4.Despite all the goodwill in the world,the Middle East peace process remains as ______ and frustrating as ever. A.elusive B.evasive C.inclusive D.conducive 5.The two great tennis players together make a(n) ______ combination. A.sizeable B.affordable C.perishable D.formidable 6.He lived quietly with a woman who was neither young nor old,neither ______ nor pretty. A.sociable B.irritable C.homely D.snobbish 7.These TV viewers show a(n) ______ lack of understanding. A.generous B.irresistible C.lamentable D.good-natured 8.He showed great ______ of character when he refused to accept the bribes. A.force B.ability C.strength D.potential 9.I will go back to my peaceful house although it is humble and ______. A.cozy B.mean C.worn D.shabby 10.When the authority of fathers begins to ______,political power generally collapses,as well. A.falter B.filter C.rumble D.ramble
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11.The glass remained ______ after being dropped. A.intact B.content C.abstract D.compact 12.I ______ this speech to the memory of these women and children. A.devote B.promote C.dedicate D.indicate 13.Try to do some physical activity three times a week for ______ health. A.opium B.optimum C.minimum D.maximum 14.They need to be ______ at collaborating with colleagues outside their own department. A.adopt B.adept C.adapt D.abrupt 15.He determined who would go first with a coin ______. A.toss B.fling C.twist D.throw Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items II,III,IV. To Kill or Not to Kill (1)Capital punishment has been in effect since the 1600’s.However, in 1972 the U.S.Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was cruel and unusual punishment,which was unconstitutional according to the Eighth Amendment. It was public opinion that the current methods of execution,hanging, electrocution,and facing a firing squad,were too slow and painful upon the person to be executed. U. Supreme Court reversed this decision when a cleaner way to bring The S. about death was found in 1976.This cleaner way is death by lethal injection,which is quick and painless if administered right. (2)Many people have argued for and against capital punishment since it was reinstituted. Some say the death penalty is what the criminal deserves while others object to it because death is irreversible.I feel the death penalty is a good form of justice because only about 250 people a year get the death penalty and they are guilty beyond a doubt and don’t deserve living with the possibility of parole. (3)The sentencing judge or jury are ordered by the Supreme Court to look for specific aggravating and mitigating factors in deciding which convicted murderers should be sentenced to death.Some of these mitigating factors are the defendant’s motivation, character, personal history, and most of all remorse.Every year approximately 250 new offenders are added to death row.In 1994 there were 2,850 persons awaiting execution.Yet no more than thirty-eight people have been executed a year since 1976.This is a ridiculously low number compared to 199 persons executed in 1935. (4)The reason for this slow execution rate is the process of appeals.From sentencing to execution there is about a seven-to-eight-year wait. convicts’ cases are reviewed by the state courts and through the federal courts. The With all this opportunity for the case to be turned over or the sentence to be changed it is almost impossible for an innocent person to be executed.Only two people have been proved innocent after their execution in the United States.These wrongful deaths occurred in 1918 and 1949. Since then the justice system has undergone a lot o f fine tuning making this extremely unlikely to day. (5)One argument against the death penalty is that it costs less to imprison someone for life than to execute them.This is a good point that has a 1ot of impact on a lot of people’s views regarding capital punishment since they are the ones footing the bill.through taxes.I personally would not mind paying the little bit extra just so I know for sure that there’s one 1ess murderer on our planet. the death penalty was done away with, If prisoners who should have been executed will be mixed in with other inmates.It would be possible and not too unlikely for them to kill another inmate or possibly a prison guard.If someone is lined up for execution then they more than likely deserve it.They have caused a great deal of grief to the family and friends of the victim or victims and it seems like the only way justice could be served is for the criminal to die. (6)For the person to simply go to jail seems unfair. There they will eat three meals a day, get to watch cable TV and befriend
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other inmates. They live a pretty decent 1ife in prison and they don’t deserve it. of the fifty states in the United States Out 37 have and use capital punishment.Out of the same fifty states only 18 have 1ife imprisonment without parole.In the other 32 states a person who should’ve been executed can be released after as 1ittle as 20 years in prison. (7)There are certain standards that are followed in giving out capital punishment.The defendant can not be insane, and the real or criminal intent must be present.Also,minors very rarely receive the death penalty because they are not fully mature and might not know the consequences of their actions.Finally the mentally retarded are very seldom executed.The reason for not executing the retarded is that they often have difficulty defending themselves in court, have problems remembering details,locating witnesses,and testifying credibly on their own behalf. (8)If capital punishment were carried out more it would prove to be the crime deterrent it was partly intended to be.Most criminals would think twice before committing murder if they knew their own 1ives are at stake.As it turns out,as very few people are executed, the death penalty is not a satisfactory deterrent. so During highly publicized death penalty cases the homicide rate is found to go down but it goes back up when the case is over. (9)Thomas Edison, famous scientist and American hero, a helped develop and extensively promoted the electric chair. The electric chair was a popular method of execution from the 1930s to the 1970s. death penalty is a punishment that will The remain active for a long time in the future,even with all the criticism.It is an ancient way of dealing with extremely serious offences that plague our country today.Hopefully the appeals process will be shortened,but remain effective, so more criminals can be executed,making prospective criminals think twice. II.In this section,there are ten incomplete statements or questions,followed by four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet.(20 points,2 points for each) 16.The death sentence was instituted some ______ years ago. A.200 B.300 C.400 D.5 00 17.According to the first paragraph,people generally thought that ______. A.lethal injection was painful but quick B.death penalty was cruel and therefore should be abolished C.facing a firing squad was a cleaner way for capital punishment D.the methods then used to bring about death were slow and painful 18.A method of execution that is not mentioned in this article is ______. A.hanging B.injection C.decapitation D.electrocution 19.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “remorse” in Paragraph 3? A.regret B.rebellion C.revulsion D.recklessness 20.Two persons put to death,one in 1918 and the other in 1949,were found to have been _____. A.insane B.wrongly killed C.mentally retarded D.executed without trial 21.The expression “footing the bill” in Paragraph 5 can be best replaced by ______. A.paying the cost B.asking for payment C.causing the expenses D.refunding the expenses 22.In the passage,the author implies that ______. A.more than 15 states in the United States do not use capital punishment B.1ife imprisonment without parole is a heavier sentence than capital punishment C.in the United States those who should’ve been executed 1ive a miserable life in prison D.in the United States a person who should’ve been executed might be set free after only 20 years’ imprisonment 23.The expression “at stake” in Paragraph 8 means ______. A.at risk B.at issue C.in a mess D.out of control
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24.The author does not mention that ______. A.capital punishment faces a lot of criticism B.the death penalty will continue to be carried out C.extremely serious offences are troubling the United States D.the death penalty is a modern way of handling atrocious crimes 25.It is obvious that the author of this article ______. A.does not object to abolishing capital punishment B.shows sympathy to those guilty of unpardonable evil C.is in favor of sentencing those committing grave crimes to death D.believes that many of those condemned to death do not deserve their punishment

非选择题部分
注意事项: 用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。 III. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet.(10 points,2 points for each) 26.Some say the death penalty is what the criminal deserves while others object to it because death is irreversible. 27.Since then the justice system has undergone a lot of fine tuning making this extremely unlikely today. 28.I personally would not mind paying the little bit extra just so I know for sure that there’s one less murderer on our planet. 29.They have caused a great deal of grief to the family and friends of the victim or victims and it seems like the only way justice could be served is for the criminal to die. 30.If capital punishment were carried out more it would prove to be the crime deterrent it was partly intended to be. IV.Answer the following essay question in English within 80~1 00 words.Write your answers on the Answer Sheet.(10 points) 31.Do you argue for or against capital punishment? List three of your arguments. V. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks,followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only.(25 points,1 point for each) When I was graduating from college,my generation also found the world in a 32 .The economic machinery had broken 33 almost everywhere:In this country nearly a quarter of the 34 was out of work. A major war seemed all 35 likely.As a college newspaper editor at that time,I protested against this 36 as vehemently as student activists are protesting today. I wonder if this blandness of our diet doesn’t explain 37 so many of us are overweight and even dangerously so.When things had flavor, we knew what we were eating all the 38 — and it satisfied us.A 39 of my mother-in-law’s wild strawberry jam will entirely satisfy your j am desire.But,of the 40 tinned or glass-packed strawberry jam,you need half a cupful to get the 41 of what you're eating. Literacy may not be an inalienable human right,but it is 42 that the highly literate Founding Fathers might not have found unreasonable or even 43 .We are not only not attaining it 44 a nation,statistically speaking,but we are falling further and further 45 of attaining it.And,while 1 would not be so simplistic as to suggest that television is the cause,I believe it 46 and is an influence. To share a bedroom with one of these fellows is to lose one’s 47 in human nature, even after the 48 eventful for, day, there is no comparing notes with them,no midnight confidence,no casting 49 the balance of the day’s pleasure and pain.They sink, 50 once,into stupid,heavy slumber,leaving you to your own 51 devices.And they all snore abominably! Downtown,she 52 her car in a garage.Everything was getting ready for this moment.She did not carry the flowers in her 53 but she carried them in her heart.Now she was going to find out 54 it was death or life.Either
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could tolerate.It did not

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to her that the newsreel might not be there.

VI.Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet.(20 points,2 points each for 57~60,4 points for 61,8 points for 62) 57.然而假如一位病人的哲学观接受安乐死,那么我们不明白为什么他人要用宗教上的反对意见来干预他的死亡。 58.一个国家的妇女通过她们在生活中的行为来塑造这个国家的道德、宗教和政治。 59.多数无所事事的富人免于从事单调乏味的工作之苦,但代价是难以言表的无聊。 60.因此,以科学的名义做错事时,给我的感觉就像自己最喜欢的叔叔染上了酒瘾。 61.死亡是富有戏剧性的一次性危机,而老年则是日复一日、年复一年地与强大的内外力量的抗争,是一种苦乐参 半的逐渐接受自己的个性和生活的过程。 62.阿拉伯人曾习惯于靠吃几个枣子节俭度日。当他们获得东罗马帝国的财富,居住在几乎令人难以置信的豪华宫 殿中时,他们并未因此就闲居不动。饥饿不再是一个动机,因为只需轻轻一点头,希腊奴隶就会奉上精美佳肴。

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