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高中英语阅读理解翻译100篇

高中英语阅读理解翻译100篇


V. Reading Co mprehension (15%) A It was 3.21 a. m. when nine -year-old Glenn Kreamer awo ke to the smell of burning. Except for the crackling ( 爆 裂 声 )o f flames so mewhere belo w there was not a so und in the two -storey house at Bald win, Lo ng Island. With his fathe r away o n night duty at a local factory, Glenn was worried about the safety o f his mother, his sister Karen, 14 and his 12 -year -old brother Todd. He ran do wnstairs through the smoke -filled ho use to push and pull at Karen and Todd until they sat up. Then he help ed each on through the house to the safety o f the garden. There, his sister and brother, taking short and quick breaths and coughing, collapsed on the lawn. The nine-year -old raced back into the ho use and upstairs to his mother's room. He found it imp ossible to wake her up. Mrs. Kreamer, a victim o f the smoke, was unconscious, and there was nobod y to help Glenn carry her to the garden. But the bo y remained calm and, as a fireman said later, "acted with all the self -control of a trained adult." On the bedroo m telep hone, luckily still working, Glenn called his father and, leaving Mr. Kreamer to telep hone the fire brigade and ambulance service, got on with the task of saving his mother. First he filled a bucket with water fro m the bathro o m and thre w water o ver his mother and her bed. Then, with a wet cloth around his head he went back to the garden. He could hear the fire engine co ming up, but ho w wo uld the firemen find his mother in the smo ke -filled house where flames had almost swallo wed up the ground flo or? Grasping fir mly a ball o f string fro m the garage, Glenn raced back into the house and dashed upstair s to his mo ther 's roo m. Tying one end of the string to her hand he ran back, laying o ut the string as he went, through the hall and back o ut into the ga rden. Minutes later he was telling fire chief John Coughlan :"The string will lead yo u to mother." Mrs. Kreamer was carried to safety as the flames were breaking through her bedroom floor. 71. Why did Glenn run do wnstairs first? A. He wanted to find o ut what was happening. B . He was worried abo ut his mo ther's safety.

C.He wanted to save his sister and brother. back.

D.He went to see if his father had co me

72. Who called the fire brigade and ambulance service? A. Glenn. B . Glenn's father. C. Glenn's sister. D . Gle nn's neighbor.

73. What did Glenn do to protect himself? A. He p ut a wet cloth ar ound his head. C. He hid himself in the bathroo m. B. He threw water all over hims elf. D. He rushed o ut to the lawn.

74. Glenn saved his family because __________. A. father had taught him to do so o n the pho ne his first aid C.he had dealt with the emer gency calmly and wisely D .he had follo wed his mother's instruction B There are three separate sources of danger in supplying energy b y nuclear po we r (原 子 能 ). First, the radioactive material must travel fro m its place of production to the po wer statio n. Although the po wer stations themselves are strongly built, the containers used for the transport o f the materials are not. Normally, only two methods of transport are in use, namely road or rail, Unfortunately, both o f these may have an effect o n the general public, since they are sur e to pass near, or even through, heavily populated areas. Second, there is the problem o f waste. All nuclear po wer stations produce wastes that in most cases will remain radioactive for tho usands of years. It is impo ssible to make these wastes nonradioactive, and so they must be stored in o ne of the inco nvenient ways that scientists have invented. For example, they may be b uri ed under the ground, or dropped into deserted mines, or sunk in the sea. Ho wever, these method s do not solve the problem, since an earthquake co uld easily break the co ntainers. Third, there may occur the danger of a leak ( 泄 漏 ) or an explosio n at the power s tatio n. As with the other two dangers, this is not very likely, so it does not provide a serious objection to the nuclear program. Ho wever, it can happen. B. had learned so mething about he

Separately, these three types of dangers are not a great cause for worry. Taken together, though, the pro bability o f disaster ( 灾 难 ) is extremely high. 75. Which of the follo wi ng if FALSE? A. It is possible that a leak or an explosio n occurs at a po wer station. B. It is unusual for radioactive materials to be transported across land. C. The container s are likely to be broken b y an e arthquake. D. Nuclear wastes remain dangerous in mo st cases for many years. 76. The author thinks that the ways to store nuclear wastes are A. easy B. impossible C. reasonable D. ineffective .

77. What do we lear n from the la st paragrap h? A. The po wer station is a safe place. B. The dangers o f nuclear energy can be prevented. C. The general public are strongly against the nuclear program. D. B y itself, no ne of the three dangers is very likely to cause much worry. 78. What is t his passage about? A. Uses o f nuclear po wer. B. Dangers fro m nuclear po wer. D. Accidents caused b y nuclear po wer.

C. Public anger at nuclear po wer. C

There is one foreign product the Japanese are buying faster faster than others , and its popularity has caused an uneasy feeling amo ng many Japanese. That product is foreign words. Gairaigo -words that co mefro m outside have been part of the Japanese language for centuries. Mostly borro wed fro m English and Chiease.These terms are often changed into forms

no longer understood by native speakers. But in the last few years the trickle( 涓 涓 细 流 )of foreign words has beco me a flood, and people fear the increasing use o f foreign words is making it hard for the Japanese to understand each other and could lead to many people forgetting the good qualities o f traditional( 传 统 的 ) Japanese. “The popularity of for gign words is part of the Japanese interest in anything ,”says university lecturer and writer Takashi Saito.“B y using a foreign word yo u can make a subject seem ne w, which makes it easier for the medias( 媒 体 )to pick up.” “Experts(专 家 )often stud y abroad and use English terms when they sp eak with people in their o wn fields. Those ter ms are then included in government white papers , ”said Muturo Kai,president of the National Language Research Institute.“Foreign words find their way easily into anno un cements made to the general public , when they should really be explained in Japanese.” Against the flo w o f new words , many Japanese are turning back to the stud y o f their o wn language.Saito 's Japanese to Be Read Aloud is one of many language books that a re no w flying off book seller s' shelves. “We were experting to sell the books to young p eople , said the writer , ” “but it turns out they are more popular with the older generation who seem uneasy abo ut the future of

Japanese.” 79. What advantages do foreign words have over traditional Japanese terms ? A. The idea sexpressed in foreign words so und new. B. Foreign words are best suited for announcements. C. Foreign words make new subject seasier to understand. D. The use o f foreign wo rds makes the media more po pular. 80.Intheopiniono fTakashiSaito , Japanesepeople_ ____. A. are good at learning foreign languages B. Are willing to learn about new things C. trust the media D. r espect experts

81. Which of the follo wi ng plays an important part in the spread of foreign words? A. The media and go vemment papers B. Best -selling Japanese textboo ks. C. The interest o f yo ung Japenese. D. Foreign products and experts 82. The book Japanese to Be read Aloud____. A. sells ver y well in Japan B. is supported by the government D. causes misunderstanding among the

C. is q uestioned b y the old generation readers. D Planet Hunter

When Geo ff Marcy was 14, his parents bought him a telescope. Every night, he wo uld go o nto the roof outside his windo w to see th e wo nders of the sky. “What excited me mo st was whether there were planets ( 行 星 ) in other solar ( 太 阳 的 ) systems where life might exist, ”he says. “I decided to try to find planets orbiting( 沿 …轨 道 运 行 ) other stars like our Sun.”

And he did. “My fello w researche r, Paul B utler, and I found our first planet in 1995, ”Dr. Marcy says. “We worked for ten years without finding anything! But we stuck with it, and our patience paid off. ” Since then, the two scientists have discovered 65 of the more than 100 planets found orbiting other star s. Dr. Marcy and Dr. Butler also spotted the first “family”o f three planets. I n June 20 02 they announced another discovery: a Jupiter -like( 像 木 星 一 样 的 ) planet orbiting star 55 Cancri. At first, the two researchers found only planets that orbit close to stars. Recently, the scientists fo und planets farther out. The planet orbiting 55 Cancri is a major breakthro ugh: it is the fir st sighting o f a large gas planet about the same distance fro m the star as Jupiter is fro m the Sun. Why is this important? Scientists think that life on Earth may exist because of two special features ( 特 征 ) in our solar system. The first is J upiter. “Because it’s so big, Jupiter pulls co mets and asteroids( 小 行 星 ), or they all co me and hit the Earth. ”Dr. Marcy explains. “Without Jupiter, life on Earth wo uld likely have been destro yed. ” A seco nd feature is that Earth is a rocky planet where liq uid water, which is necessar y for life, can exist. Unlike gas planets, rocky planets like Earth have surfaces where water can gather in pools and seas, which may support life. A huge space exists between the Jupiter -like planet and two other planets that lie close to 55 Cancri. Is there an Earth-like planet in the space, too small for us to notice? If so, says Dr. Marcy, “We would have two striking similarities to our solar system: a Jupiter -like planet and an Earth -like planet. And there may be life! ” 83. What can we lear n about Dr. Marcy fro m the passage? A. He is fond of watching Jupiter. B. He is fro m a scienti st family. D. He is interested in finding life in

C. He dislikes working with Paul Butler. outer space.

84. Ho w many planets orbiting other stars have the two scientists disco vered so far? A. 100 B. 69 C. 66 D. 65

85. “But we stuck with it” ( in Paragraph 3 ) means ______. A. they felt discouraged B. they carried on with it

C. they failed in their attemp t VII. Translation (15%)

D. they made so me progress

1. 你 离 家 前 一 定 要 把 灯 关 掉 。 (be sure to ) 2. 是 他 的 新 发 现 使 他 得 到 了 诺 贝 尔 奖 金 。 (It was …that…) 3. 我 们 不 知 道 什 么 东 西 正 在 进 行 。 (what, in progress) 4. 看 电 视 能 使 我 们 获 悉 最 新 的 消 息 。 (keep…informed about) 5. 据 说 每 个 人 都 会 已 自 己 的 方 式 来 保 护 自 己 。 (in one’s o wn way)


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