本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题） 、第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，共 130 分，考试用时 100 分钟。 第 I 卷 （选择题 共 95 分） 第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 1. It is reported that recently discovered painting may be Van Gogh． A. the；不填 B. a；the C. a；不填 D. the；a 2. — Oh, goodness. How can I use the webchat software? — . I know nothing about it． A. That suits me fine B. You are welcome C. Take your time D. You’ve got me there 3. Each spring the apple tree in my garden blossoms so _____ that the air becomes filled with the sweet of apple. A. abundantly B. approximately C. apparently D. automatically 4.A _____ identification card is required when you purchase foreign money from Bank of China. A. beneficial B. perfect C. valid D. flexible 5. Male nurses are difficult to hire as many men reject this ______ out of the long-existing discrimination. A. concept B. responsibility C. identity D. personality 6. _____ per son is not prepared for this examination, for example, Zhang Gong and Wang Lin haven’t finished reviewing their lessons. A. Each B. Every C. All D. None 7. I _____ it from your silence that you don’t want to stay. A. appreciate B. hate C. take D. love
8. A Midsummer Night’s Dream_____at the Theatre Royal on 19th June, and then tours throughout Scotland. A. opens B. is opened C. will open D. will be opened 9. The weather in the south is generally warm, but it _____ be very cold sometimes. A. must B. shall C. will D. can 10. Have you seen the boys _______ “Little Apple”？That’s such a beautiful scene that I dare not have my eye _____ on it. A. dancing; fixing B. dance; fixing C. to dance; fixed D. dance; fixed 11. — Are you going on a visit to New Zealand next Saturday? — I haven’t decided yet. It is still ______ . A. in the air B. between the lines C. to the point D. over the moon 12. — It’s Mary’s own fault if she feels ______ at the party. — She makes no effort to be friendly to people. A. cut out B. left out C. stood out D. made out 13. It would be a good idea to use a plastic bottle, ______ cut off, as a container to grow young plants in. A. of which top B. whose top C. the top is D. its top 14. Whether ways will be found to stop pollution or not is just _________ worries the public. A. why B. what C. that D. which 15. —Did Jack take the doctor’s advice that he _____ in bed for another three days? —If only he_____. A. lie; did B. lie; had C. lies; does D. lies; would 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16~35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中， 选出最佳选项。 Mr. Henry taught sixth grade science. On the first day of class, he gave us a 16 about an animal called the Cattywampus, a kind of animal that died out during the Ice Age. He 17 around a skull(头盖骨) as he walked. We all took 18 and later had a test. When he returned my paper, I was 19 .There was a big red “×” through each of my answers. I had failed! 20 must be some mistake! I had written down 21 what Mr. Henry said. Then I learned that everyone in the class had 22 . What had happened? Very simple, Mr. Henry 23 . He had invented this Cattywampus. There had never 24 any
such animal. The information in our notes was, 25 , incorrect. Did we expect our marks for incorrect answers? Needless to say, we were 26 . What kind of test was this? And what kind of teacher? Mr. Henry said he 27 we would learn something from this experience. 28 and textbooks are not perfect. 29 no one is. He told us not to 30 our minds go to sleep, and to speak out 31 we ever thought he or the textbook was wrong. Every class was an exciting one 32 Mr. Henry. I can still remember some science periods from beginning to end. I haven’t made any great scientific subjects, 33 Mr. Henry’s class gave me and my classmates something 34 , like the courage to look people in the 35 and tell them they are wrong. He also showed us that you can have fun doing it. 16. A. magazine B. book C. report D. lecture 17. A. walked B. grasped C. passed D. looked 18. A. notes B. exercises C. attentions D. cares 19. A. excited B. inspired C. worried D. surprised 20. A. There B. It C. He D. I 21. A. fast B. exactly C. slowly D. quietly 22. A. succeeded B. defeated C. failed D. beat 23. A. announced B. expressed C. proved D. explained 24. A. had B. stayed C. been D. kept 25. A. however B. otherwise C. besides D. therefore 26. A. happy B. worried C. excited D. angry 27. A. suggested B. meant C. hoped D. wished 28. A. Teachers B. Headmasters C. Students D. Persons 29. A. After all B. In fact C. At any time D. Above all 30. A. permit B. let C. leave D. help 31. A. that B. whether C. while D. if 32. A. for B. about C. with D. of 33. A. but B. and C. so D. or 34. A. strange B. important C. curious D. serious 35. A. eye B. brain C. head D. hand 第二部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A Look at the keyboard of any s tandard typewriter or computer. “Q” ”W” “E” “R” “T” and “Y” are the first six letters. Who decided on this arrangement of the letters? And why? People tried for centuries to invent the typewriter. In 1714 in England, Henry Mill filed a patent for a machine called An Artificial Machine Or Method for the Impressing or Transcribing of Letters, Singly or Progressively one after another, as in Writing, drawing upon this way all Writing may be absorbed in Paper so Neat and Exact as not to be distinguished from Print. That machine probably didn’t sell because no one could remember its name!
The first practical typewriter was patented in the United States in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes. His machine was known as the type-writer. It had a movable carriage, a lever for turning paper from line to line, and a keyboard on which the letters were arranged in alphabetical order. But Sholes had a problem. On his first model, his “ABC” key arrangement caused the keys to jam when the typist worked quickly. Sholes didn’t know how to keep the keys from sticking, so his solution was to keep the typist from typing too fast. Sholes asked his brother -in-1aw to rearrange the keyboard so that the commonest letters were not so close together and the type bars would come from opposite directions. Thus they would not clash together and jam the machine. The new arrangement was the QWERTY arrangement typists use today. Of course, Sholes claimed that the new arrangement was scientific and would add speed and efficiency. The only efficiency it added was to slow the typist down, since almost any word in the English language required the typist’s fingers to cover more distance on the keyboard. The advantages of the typewriter outweighed the disadvantages of the keyboard. Typists memorized the crazy letter arrangement, and the typewriter became a huge success. By the time typists had memorized the new arrangement of letters and built their speed, typewriter technology had improved, and the keys didn’t stick as badly as they had at first.
36. We know from the passage that the inventor of the first practical typewriter is_____. A. Henry Mill B. Christopher Latham Sholes C. Sholes’ brother-in-law D. Albert Einstein 37. The author thinks the machine invented by Henry Mill could not be sold because______. A. it was difficult for people to accept new things B. there were great disadvantages of the key board C. the name of the machine was too long D. the machine cou ld not be distinguished from print 38. Sholes decided the QWERTY arrangement of the keyboard in order to______. A. solve the problem of the keys jamming B. arrange the letters in alphabetical order C. cause the keys to jam when the typist worked quickly D. compete with “ABC” key arrangement 39. It is inferred that the QWERTY arrangement of the keyboard______. A. is the most scientific arrangement B. adds speed and efficiency of typists C. is easy for typists to memorize D. keeps the typist from typing too fast 40. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. The Story of Christopher Latham Sholes B. How to Invent the Typewriter C. The First Practical Typewriter D. The Arrangement of the Letters on Keyboard B Energy independence. It has a nice ring to it. Doesn’t it? If you think so, you’re not alone, because energy independence has been the dream of American president for decades, and never more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partly responsible for kicking off the great recession(经济衰退). “Energy independence” and its rhetorical (修辞的) companion “energy security” are, however, unreliable concepts that are rarely thought through. What is it we want independence from, exactly? Most people would probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil. But there are reasons that we buy all that oil from elsewhere. The first reason is that we need it to keep our economy running. Yes, there is a trickle(涓涓 细流) of bio-fuel(生物燃料) available, and more may become available, but most biofuels cause economic waste and environmental destruction. Second, Americans have basically decided that they don’t really want to produce all their own oil. They value the environmental quality they preserve over their oil imports from abroad. Vast areas of the United States are off-limits to oil exploration and production in the name of environmental protection. To what extent are Americans really willing to tolerate the environmental impacts of domestic(国内的) energy production in order to cut back imports? Third, there are benefits to trade. It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buy things from places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit. And although you don’t read about this much, the United States is also a large exporter of oil products, selling abou t 2 million barrels of petroleum products per day to about 90 countries. There is no question that the United States imports a great deal of energy and, in fact, relies on that steady flow to maintain its economy. When that flow is interrupted, we feel the pain in short supplies and higher prices. At the same time, we get massive economic benefits when we buy the most affordable energy on the world market and when we engage in energy trade around the world. 41. What does the author say about energy independence for America? A. It sounds very attractive. B. It will bring oil prices down. C. It ensures national security. D. It has long been everyone’s dream. 42. What does the author think of bio-fuels? A. They keep America’s economy running healthily. B. They cause serious damage to the environment. C. They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum. D. They do not provide a sustainable energy supply. 43. Why does America rely heavily on oil imports?
A. It wants to expand its storage of raw oil. B. Its own oil reserves are quickly running out. C. Its own oil production falls short of demand. D. It wants to keep its own environment untouched. 44. What does the author say about oil trade? A. It makes for economic recession． B. It brings benefit only to the sellers． C. It improves economic efficiency． D. It saves the cost of oil exploration． 45. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To explain the increase of international oil trade. B. To raise Americans’ awareness of the energy crisis. C. To argue for America’s dependence on oil imports. D. To stress the imp ortance of energy protection. C When I set out to drop my dad off at the airport, it was dark and dreary(沉闷的). It started to rain on the way. When I left the airport, the visibility wasn’t clear because of the drops of rain. It was before 6 am. Even though the road conditions were poor, I drove at my normal speed. I was angry with the more cautious drivers ahead of me that were delaying my drive. The exit ramp(坡道) to the highway was a tight spiral (急盘旋). It is a dangerous spot in good weather and totally scary ill when the weather is miserable or it is dark. But I didn’t want to slow down and arrive home any later than necessary. I drove down the ramp too fast. The road was wet and my car slid, landing face down on the passenger side. I didn’t like to drive by myself at the time and had debated taking my husband and son with me on the trip. Thankfully, I was alone in the car. My accident was slight. In fact, I was lucky enough not to have a single scratch. I shuddered to think the injuries my son would have suffered had he been in the backseat of that car with no seatbelt when it rolled. After the car rolled three times, I found my mobile phone was lost in a pile of small things that were all lying in the bottom of the car. A lady was kind enough to let me borrow her mobile phone, but without the numbers preprogrammed who could I call? I was lucky enough to remember my father’s mobile phone number, and fortunate that he hadn’t yet got on his plane. You never know when an accident will happen. As a driver, I will keep safety in mind by obeying all traffic laws and have safe-driving habits, especially in bad weather. Insist your children always wear their seatbelts. Life is a journey and everyone should value it and enjoy the ride. 46. Why was the author angry with those drivers?
A. She thought they drove too slowly. B. They didn’t pay attention to the safety. C. They made much noise on the ramp. D. They tried to stop her car on the ramp. 47. The car accident happened . A. at around 6 in the afternoon B. before the author dropped her dad at the airport C. when the author almost got home D. immediately after the author left the exit to the airport 48. What does the underlined word “shuddered” in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Remembered clearly. B. Trembled because of fear. C. Ensured the safety. D. Took control of the bad situation. 49.What is the main reason that resulted in the accident？ A. The visibility was not clear. B. The author drove rather fast. C. It started to rain heavily then. D. It was an unsafe spot for driving. 50. We can learn from this passage that the author_____. A. had just a single scratch B. felt sorry because her son was injured C. called her father for help D. found her mobile phone with the help of a lady D Beldon and Canfield are two seashore towns, not far apart. Both towns have many hotels, and in summer the hotels are full of holiday-makers and other tourists. Last August there was a fire at the Seabreeze Hotel in Beldon. The next day, this news appeared on page two of the town’s newspaper. The Beldon Post: FIRE AT SEABREEZE Late last night firemen hurried to the Seab reeze Hotel and quickly put out a small fire in a bedroom. The hotel manager said that a cigarette started the fire. We say again to all our visitors：“Please don’t smoke cigarettes in bed.” This was Beldon’s first hotel fire for five years. The Canfield Times gave the news in these words on page one： ANOTHER BELDON HOTEL CATCHES FIRE Last night Beldon firemen arrived just too late to sav e clothing, bedclothes and some furniture at the Seabreeze Hotel. An angry holiday-maker said, “An electric lamp probably started the fire. The bedroom lamps are very old at some of these hotels. When I put my
bedside light on, I heard a funny noise from the lamp.” We are glad to tell our readers that this sort of adventure does not happen in Canfield. What are the facts, then? It is never easy to find out the exact truth about an accident. There was a fire at the Seabreeze Hotel last August: that is one fact. Do we know anything else? Yes, we know that firemen went to the hotel. Now what do you think of the rest of the “news”? 51. Which of the following best gives the main idea of this text? A. Beldon and Canfield are both good places for tourists in summer. B. A fire broke out at night in Seabreeze Hotel last summer. C. It was not easy to find out exact truth from newspapers. D. Two newspapers gave reports on the same matter. 52. Which of the following are probably facts? a. The fire broke out in a bedroom at the hotel. b. A cigarette started the fire. c. An old lamp started the fire. d. The fire broke out at night. e. There has never been a fire in Canfield. A. b and c B. a and d C. c and e D. a and c 53. The Canfield Times used the headline like this in order to make its readers think . A. hotels in Beldon often catch fire B. hotels in Beldon don’t often catch fire C. this was the second fire at the Seabreeze Hotel D. Beldon was a good place except that hotels there are not quite safe 54. The Canfield newspaper gave a report just the opposite to the Beldon Post by saying that . A. the bedroom lamps were very old at the Seabreeze Hotel B. the bedroom lights made funny noise when the fire took place C. the firemen failed to save clothing, bedclothes and other things D. such accidents never happened in Canfield for the past 5 years 55. What does the underlined word “We” in the first news refer to? A. Visitors. B. The government. C. The newspaper. D. The firemen.
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河西区 2014-2015 学年度第二学期高三年级总复习质量调查（一）
共 35 分）
第 II 卷（非选择题
注意事项： 1．第Ⅱ卷共 2 页，用黑色墨水的钢笔或签字笔直接答在答题纸上。 2．答卷前，请将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，按照要求完成阅读任务。 Where would any of us be if we went to schools where no competition was allowed? How would we know whether we have the ability to be good at a sport or other things? How would we know whether we are making the right effort or whether we are wasting our time? How would we learn the concept of improving our performance? How would we know about setting and meeting goals? Competition serves so many purposes. Competition sets many people on the right path towards understanding what it takes to win. Competition can tell a student when more work, more time or improved studying strategies are needed to catch up with other students who achieve higher grades and better results from their study programs. Children learn through competition that desires and hard work may not be enough to win recognition, higher grades or rewards. There are times when students must learn that they may not be able to excel(突出) in certain sports or academic areas. Everyone can, however, do their best to support their teams in other ways, even though they are not the star of the team. Students would move on to areas where they are showing advantages and can excel. Competition will force them to stop putting their time into trying to meet inappropriate goals. Unfair competition exists somewhere, but it can teach students about the realities of the world ahead of them. Most importantly, they can get the good lesson that no one can escape being punished for cheating or lying in competition. It would be impossible to eliminate all competition from a child’s school experience. There is no benefit to sending a young person into a world with no lessons learned from competition. 56. What is the main idea of the text? (No more than 8 words) 57. How can competition help students achieve higher grades?(No more than 15 words)
58. What lesson can students learn from unfair competition? (No more than 12 words) 59. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “eliminate” in the last paragraph? (No more than 3 words) 60. In your opinion, what is the benefit of competition? (No more than 25 words)
书面表达 （满分 25 分）
假如你是英语俱乐部的李津，向你校高一新生推荐一份英文报纸《英语桥》 ，并说 明该报对你的帮助。该报具有以下优点： 1.文章地道，时代感强, 趣味性强 2.学生喜欢的栏目： Crosswords, Cultural Exchange, Writing Gardens 3.练习与课本同步，对学生帮助大 4.版面设计新颖，图文并茂
参考词汇： 地道的材料 original materials 报纸的版面 短文词数：不少于 100 字 the design of the newspaper’s outlook
河西区 2014—2015 学年度第二学期高三年级质量调查 （一）
阅读表达 56. Competition in school is beneficial to students. 57. By making students know when more work, more time or improved studying strategies are needed. 58. They will be punished if they cheat or lie in competition. 59. remove/ get rid of 60. Competition can help us know our advantages and disadvantages so that we can set proper goals. 书面表达