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Exercises for American Literature (I)

Exercises for American Literature (I)

Exercises for American Literature (I) - Chapter 1

Chapter 1 The Romantic Period

A. Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative answers. Choose the one that would best

complete the statement and put the letter in the bracket.

1. The Romantic Period of American literature started with the publication of Washington Irving's ______ and

ended with Whitman's Leaves of Grass.

A. The Sketch Book

B. Tales of a Traveler

C. The Alhambra

D. A History of New York

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2. Washington Irving's social conservation and literary preference for the past is revealed, to some extent, in his

famous story, _______.

A. "The Legend of Sleepy Hallow"

B. "Rip Van Winkle"

C. "The Custom-House"

D. "The Birthmark"

3. The chief spokesman of New England Transcendentalism is ___________.

A. Nathaniel Hawthorne

B. Ralph Waldo Emerson

C. Henry David Thoreau

D. Washington Irving

4. In his essays, _______put forward his philosophy of the over-soul, the importance of the Individual and Nature.

A. Nathaniel Hawthorne

B. Washington Irving

C. Mark Twain

D. Ralph Waldo Emerson

5._______literary world turns out to be a most disturbed, tormented and problematical one, which has much to

do with his "black" vision of life and human beings.

A. Herman Melville's

B. Washington Irving's

C. Nathaniel Hawthorne's

D. Walt Whitman's

6. Most of the poems in_______sing of the "en-masse" and the self as well.

A. Leaves of Grass

B. Drum Taps

C. North of Boston

D. The Cantos

7. In _______, Whitman airs his sorrow at President Lincoln's death.

A. "Cavalry Crossing a Ford"

B. "A Pact"

C. "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"

D. "There was a Child Went Forth"

8. In _______, Whitman's own early experience may well be identified with the childhood of a young growing

America.

A. "A Pact" '

B. "Song of Myself"

C. "There was a Child Went Forth"

D. "Cavalry Crossing a Ford"

9. The poem _______reminds its readers of a picture of a scene of the American Civil War.

A. "Song of Myself"

B. "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"

C. "A Pact"

D. "Cavalry Crossing a Ford"

10. _______is regarded as the first American prose epic.

A. Nature

B. The Scarlet Letter

C. Walden

D. Moby-Dick

11. ______, the tragic hero of Moby-Dick, burning with a baleful fire, becomes evil himself in his

thirst to destroy evil.

A. Ahab

B. Pip

C. Moby Dick D. Pequod

12. In______, Hawthorne sets out to prove that everyone possesses some evil secret.

A. "The Custom-House"

B. "Young Goodman Brown"

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C. "Rappaccini's Daughter" D. "The Birthmark"

B. Complete each of the following statements with a proper word or a phrase according to the

textbook.

1. In his early works, Herman Melville is more enthusiastic about setting out on a quest for the

meaning of the ______, while in the late works, Melville becomes more reconciled with the world of

man, in which he admits, one must live by.

2. In "Song of Myself" Whitman sets forth two principal beliefs: the theory of ______ and the belief

in the ______ and equality of all beings in value.

3. Usually, the relationship Whitman is dramatizing is a triangular one: "I" the poet, the subject in the poem, and "you" the __________.

4. In the manner of its concern with ______ and ______, Young Goodman Brown" exemplifies

what Melville called "the power of blackness" in Hawthorne's works.

5. Imbued with an inquiring imagination, an intensely

meditative mind, and unceasing interest in the "______of the heart" of man's being, Nathaniel

Hawthorne remains one of the most interesting, yet most ambivalent writer in the American literary

history.

6. New England Transcendentalism is unanimously agreed to be the ______of the Romantic period

in the history of American literature.

7. "Rip Van Winkle" is not only well-known for Rip's 20-year ______, but also considered a

______ of perfect English in American literature and in the English language as well.

8. Washington Irving has always been regarded as a writer who "perfected the best ______that

American literature ever produced.”

9. Being a period of the great flowering of American literature, the Romantic period is also called

"the American______.”

10. Washington Irving is one of the first American writers to earn an ______reputation, and

regarded as an early Romantic writer in the American literary history and ______of the American short

stories.

11. By employing ______as a big symbol of the Spirit, or God, or the over-soul, Emerson has

brought the Puritan legacy of symbolism to its perfection.

12. Hawthorne's view of man and human history originates, to a great extent, in ______.

13. Whitman's poetic style is marked, first of all, by the use of the poetic "______.”

14. New England Transcendentalism is actually a philosophical school which absorbed some

ideological concerns of American ______and European______.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

C. Decide whether the following statements are true or false and write your answers in the brackets. 1. Leaves of Grass established Walt Whitman as the most popular American poet of the 19th century. 2. Washington Irving got ideas from Spanish legends for two of his famous stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.” 3. The poem "Song of Myself "got this title from the first edition. 4. Besides Hawthorne, Shakespearean tragic vision and Emersonian Transcendentalism also produced some positive effect on Herman Melville's writing. 5. The purpose of Herman Melville's fictional tales is to penetrate as deeply as possible into the metaphysical, theological, moral, psychological, and social truths of human existence. 6. Moby-Dick is a mixture of fantasy and realism based upon the South Pacific Whaling industry. 7. Puritanism and Calvinistic doctrine have great effects on Hawthorne's writing. 8. American Romanticists, such as Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne and Melville, have a lot in common in their understanding of human nature. 9. According to Emerson, man is divine in nature and therefore forever perfectible. 10. Washington Irving remained a conservative and always exalted a disappearing past. 11. Walt Whitman is granted the honor of being "the American Goldsmith" for his literary craftsmanship. 12. Emersonian Transcendentalism inspired a whole generation of famous authors like Whitman, Dickinson and Mark Twain. 13. As a Puritan, Hawthorne embraced the Puritanical doctrines and expresses them in his novels. 14. In The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne intends to tell a love story and a story of sin. 15. Hawthorne is a master of symbolism, which he took from the Puritan tradition and bequeathed to American literature in a revivified form. 16. Walt Whitman follows only one theme in his Leaves of Grass, that is, the burgeoning life in cities. 17. In Drum Taps, Whitrnan expresses much mourning for the sufferings of the young lives in the battlefield and shows a determination to carry on the fighting dauntlessly until the final victory. 18. Most of the poems in Leaves of Grass are written in heroic couplet. D. Name the author of each of the following literary works. 1. The Sketch Book 2. "Rip Van Winkle" 3. "The American Scholar" 4. The Scarlet Letter 5. The Marble Faun 6. "Young Goodman Brown" 7. "Song of Myself" 8. "There was a Child Went Forth" 9. "Cavalry Crossing a Ford" 10. Moby-Dick E. Define the literary terms listed below. 1. New England Transcendentalism 2. Free verse F. A) For each of the quotations listed below please give the name of the author and the title of the literary work from which it is taken and then briefly interpret it.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

1. "The early lilacs became part of this child, And grass and white and red morning-glories, and white and red clover, and the song of the phoebebird, And the Third-month lambs and the sow's pink-faint litter, and the mare's foal and the cow's calf, And the noisy brood of the barnyard or by the mire of the pond-side, And the fish suspending themselves so curiously below there, and the beautiful curious liquid, And the water-plants with their graceful flat heads, all became part of him. " 2. "A lime in long array where they wind betwixt green islands, They take a serpentine course, their arms flash in the sun — hark to the musical clank, Behold the silvery river, in it the splashing horses loitering stop to drink, Behold the brown-faced men, each group, each person, a picture , the negligent rest on the saddles, Some emerge on the opposite bank, others are just entering the ford—while, Scarlet and blue and snowy white, The guidon flags flutter gayly in the wind. 3. "I celebrate myself, and sing myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. " B) Read the quoted parts carefully and answer the questions in English. 1. "It was with some difficulty he found the way to his own house, which he approached with silent awe, expecting every moment to hear the shrill voice of Dame Van Winkle. He found the house gone to decay — the roof fallen in, the windows shattered, and the doors off the hinges. A half starved dog, that looked like Wolf, was skulking about it. Rip called him by name, but the cur snarled, showed his teeth, and passed on. This was an unkind cut indeed — 'My very dog,' sighed poor Rip, 'has forgotten me! ' " A. Identify the author and the title of the work from which this passage is taken. B. Whom does Dame Van Winkle refer to? C. Why was it difficult for him to find his house? 2. "The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. " A. Identify the author and the title of the work from which this passage is taken. B. How do you interpret "daily food"? C. What does the passage imply? 3. "'Poor little Faith] ' thought he, for his heart smote him. 'What a wretch am I, to leave her on such an errand] She talks of dreams, too. Methought, as she spoke, there was trouble in her face, as if a dream had warned her what work is to be done tonight. But, no, no! 't would kill her to think it. Well; she's a blessed angel on earth; and after this one night, I'll cling to her skirts and follow her to Heaven. ' " A. Identify the author and the title of the work from which this passage is taken. B. Who is Faith? C. How do you interpret the speaker's feeling?

4. "The harpoon was darted; the stricken whale flew forward; with igniting velocity the line ran through the grooves; — ran foul. Ahab stooped to clear it; he did clear it; but the flying turn caught him round the neck, and voicelessly as Turkish mutes bowstring their victim, he was shot out of the boat, ere the crew knew he was gone. " A. Identify the author and the title of the work from which this passage is taken. B. Who is Ahab? C. What happens to Ahab? G. Give brief answers to the following questions. 1. Briefly introduce Ralph Waldo Emerson's Transcendental philosophy. 2. Analyze the effects of Puritanism on Nathaniel Hawthorne. 3. Analyze the symbolic significance of The Scarlet Letter. 4. What does Nathaniel Hawthorne intend to tell the reader in his "Young Goodman Brown"? H. Short essay questions. 1. Write an essay on Walt Whitman. 2. Write an essay on Moby-Dick.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

Answers to Chapter 1

A.

l. A 2.B 3.B 4. D

6. A 7.C 8.C 9.D

11. A 12. B

B.

1. universe, rules

2. universality, singularity

3. reader

4. guilt, evil

5. interior

6. summit

7. sleep, model

8. classic style

9. Renaissance

10 international, Father

11. nature

12. Puritanism

13. I

14. Puritanism, Romanticism

C.

l. T 2. F

3. F 4. T

6. T 7. T 8. F 9. T

11. F 12. F 13. F 14. F

16. F 17. T 18. F

D.

5. C 10. D
5. T 10. T
15. T

1. Washington Irving 2. Washington Irving 3. Ralph Waldo Emerson

4. Nathaniel Hawthorne 5. Nathaniel Hawthorne 6. Nathaniel Hawthorne

7. Walt Whitman

8. Walt Whitman 9. Walt Whitman

10. Herman Melville

E.

1. New England Transcendentalism

It is the summit of the Romantic Movement in the history of American literature. It was started in New

England in the 1830s. Gradually its influence began to spread all over the country. The most important

representatives are Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. Basically, Transcendentalism has

been defined philosophically as "the recognition in man of the capacity of knowing truth intuitively, or

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

of attaining knowledge transcending the reach of the sense.” Transcendentalists place emphasis on the

importance of the Over-soul, the individual and Nature. The concepts that accompanied

Transcendentalism include the idea that nature in ennobling and the idea that the individual is divine

and therefore, self-reliant. New England Transcendentalism is the product of a combination of native

American Puritanism and European Romanticism.

2. Free verse means poetry without a fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme. A looser and more open-

ended syntactical structure is frequently favored. Lines and sentences of different lengths are left lying

side by side just as things are, undisturbed and separate. There are few compound sentences to draw

objects and experience into a system of hierarchy.

F.

A)

1. From Walt Whitman’s “There Was a Child Went Forth.”

This poem describes the growth of a child who learns about himself and improves himself accordingly.

In the poem Whitman's own early experience may well be identified with the childhood of a young,

growing America. The chosen part here is a description of the barnyard where there are many newly-

born stocks, etc. The child is still a baby now who is wandering and admiring the scene around him,

which to him is something entirely new.

2. From Walt Whitman's "Cavalry Crossing a Ford.”

It describes a picture of a scene of the American Civil War. A troop is crossing a shallow river on

horseback, their flag fluttering, the water shining in the sun, the soldiers' faces brown.

3. From Walt Whitman's "Song of Myself.”

Here the poet is trying to identify his ego with the world, and more specifically with democratic "en-

masse" of America.

B)

1. A. From Washington Irving's “Rip Van Winkle.”

B. Dame Van Winkle is Rip Van Winkle's wife.

C. Because during Rip's 20-year sleep, a lot of things have taken place and everything,

including his family, the village and his dog, has changed greatly.

2. A. From Ralph Waldo Emerson's Nature.

B. "Daily food" is maybe interpreted to be the most indispensable part of the life of the lover

of nature.

C. It implies that a lover of nature should always feel himself united with nature, inseparable

from nature.

3. A. From Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown.”

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

B. Faith is Goodman Brown's wife. C. He feels guilty of his evil deed and is determined to return to his wife after it, never leaving her again. 4. A. From Herman Melville's Moby-Dick. B. Ahab is the captain, who has been handicapped by the whale, and determined to kill it. C. Ahab is killed during his fight with the whale. G. 1. As the chief spokesman of New England Transcendentalism, Emerson puts forward his philosophy of the over-soul, the importance of the Individual, and Nature. He bases his religion on an intuitive belief in an ultimate unity, which he calls the "over-soul.” Emerson believes that there should be an emotional communication between an individual soul and the universal "over-soul," since the over-soul is an all-pervading power from which all things come from and of which all are a part. Emerson's remarkable image of "a transparent eyeball" marks a paradoxical state of being, in which one is merged into nature, the over-soul, while at the same time retaining a unique perception of the experience. Emerson is affirmative about man's intuitive knowledge, with which a man can trust himself to decide what is right and to act accordingly. The ideal individual should be a self-reliant man. Emerson's nature is emblematic of the spiritual world, alive with God's overwhelming presence; hence, it exercises a healthy and restorative influence on human mind. 2. Hawthorne's view of man and human history derives, to a great extent, from Puritanism. He was not a Puritan himself, but his Puritan ancestors had done the misdeeds. He believes that "the wrong doing of one generation lives into the successive ones," and he was said to be often troubled by the sins of his ancestors. This intense awareness leads to his understanding of evil being at the very core of human life, which is typical of the Calvinistic doctrine that human beings are basically depraved and corrupted, hence, they should obey God to atone for their sins. In many of Hawthorne’s stories and novels, the Puritan past is shown in an almost totally negative light, especially in his The House of the Seven Gables and The Scarlet letter. Hawthorne is attracted in every way to the Puritan world, even though he condemns its less human manifestations. On the one hand, it provides him with a subject, and on the other hand, with the Puritan world or society as a historical background, he discusses some of the most important issues that concern the moral life of man and human history. 3. Hawthorne is a master of symbolism. The symbol can be found everywhere in his writing, and his masterpiece The Scarlet letter provides the most convincing proof. By using Pearl as a thematic symbol, Hawthorne emphasizes the consequence the sin of adultery has brought to the community and people living in that community. The scarlet letter A is the biggest symbol of all. As a key to the whole novel, the letter A takes on different layers of symbolic meanings as the plot develops. At first it is a token of shame "Adultery", then it has been changed into "Able", and finally it signifies "Angel". People come up with different interpretations and they do not know which one is definite. The scarlet letter A is ambiguous and the ambiguity is one of the prominent characteristics of Hawthorne's art. 4. "Young Goodman Brown" is one of Hawthorne's most profound tales, in the manner of its concern with guilt and evil, it exemplifies what Melville calls the "power of blackness" in Hawthorne's work. Its hero, a naive young man who accepts both society in general and his fellow men as individuals worth his regard, is confronted with the vision of human evil in one terrible night, and becomes thereafter distrustful and doubtful. Allegorically, our protagonist becomes an Everyman named Brown, a "young" man, who will be aged on one night by an adventure that makes everyone in this world a fallen idol. However, the story is manipulated in such a way that we as readers feel that Hawthorne poses the question of Good and Evil in man but withholds his answer, and

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术0艺料不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试22下卷,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看2度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能2可地护1以缩关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编5试要写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备4置底高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并3敷试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。

he does not permit himself to determine whether the events of the night of trial are real or the mere figment of a dream. H.
1. Born in a working-class family, Walt Whitman tried at a variety of jobs. His rich experience in life furnishes both material and spirit for his masterpiece Leaves of Grass, of which he devoted all his life to the creation. In this giant work, openness, freedom, and above all, individualism are all that concerned him. His aim is to express some new poetical feelings and to initiate a poetic tradition in which difference should be recognized. The genuine participation of a poet in a common cultural effort is, according to Whitman, to behave as a supreme individualist; however, the poet's essential purpose is to identify his ego with the world, and more specifically with the democratic "en-masse" of America, which is established in the opening lines of "Song of Myself.” As Whitman saw it, poetry could play a vital part in the process of creating a new nation. It could enable Americans to celebrate their release from the Old World and the colonial, rule. And it could also help them understand their new status and to define themselves in the new world of possibilities. Hence, the abundance of themes in his poetry voices freshness. Most of the poems in Leaves of Grass sing of the "en-masse" and the self as well. Some of Whitman's poems are politically committed. In Drum Taps, Whitman expresses much mourning for the sufferings of the young lives in the battlefield and shows a determination to carry on the fighting dauntlessly until the final victory. To strengthen the nature of these new poetical feelings, Whitman employs brand-new means in his poetry, which is first discerned in his style and language. Whitman's poetic style is marked, first of all, by the use of the poetic "I. " Speaking in the voice of "I," Whitman becomes all those people in his poems, and yet still remains "Walt Whitman," hence a discovery of the self in the other with such an identification. Usually, the relationship Whitman is dramatizing is a triangular one: "I" the poet, the subject in the poem, and "you" the reader. Whitman is also radically innovative in terms of the form of his poetry. What he prefers for his new subject and new poetic feelings is "free verse," that is, poetry without a fixed beat or regular rhyme scheme. Contrary to the iambic pentameter of traditional poetry, Whitman's is relatively simple and even rather crude. Most of the pictures he paints with words are honest, undistorted images of different aspects of America of the day. Another characteristic in Whitman's language is his strong tendency to use oral English. Whitman's vocabulary is amazing.
Walt Whitman has proved an immortal figure in American literature because he embodies a new ideal, a new world and a new life-style, and his influence over the following generations is great. Leaves of Grass has always been considered a monumental work which demands great attention because of its uniquely poetic embodiment of American ideals of democracy and equality.
2. Herman Melville is best-known as the author of his mighty book, Mob -Dick (1851), which is one of the world's great masterpieces. Moby Dick is regarded as the first American prose epic. Although it is presented in the form of a novel, at times it seems like a prose poem. It is difficult to read be cause much of the talk in the novel is sailor's talk and much of the language is purposely oldfashioned and Elizabethan. The story is not complicated, dealing with Ahab, a man with an overwhelming resolution to kill the whale which has sheared off his leg on a previous voyage, on board his ship Pequod in the chase of the big whale. The dramatic description of the hazards of whaling makes the book a very exciting sea narrative and builds a literary monument to an era of whaling industry in the nineteenth century. But Moby Dick is not merely a whaling tale or sea adventure, considering that Melville is a great symbolist. It turns out to be a symbolic voyage of the mind in quest of values and knowledge of the universe, a spiritual exploration into man's deep reality and psychology. Melville uses symbols in this novel. Different people on board the ship are representations of different

ideas and different social and ethnic groups; facts become symbols and incidents acquire universal meanings; the Peuqod is the microcosm of human society and the voyage becomes a search for truth. It is a mixture of mystery and realism based upon the South Pacific whaling industry. Nevertheless, the book has been so often interpreted in so many ways, allegorically and symbolically, that now we can conclude that Moby Dick "means" almost as many things as it has readers who are deeply involved in the conflicts of life and in the spirit of conflicts.

对全部高中资料试卷电气设备,在安装过程中以及安装结束后进行高中资料试卷调整试验;通电检查所有设备高中资料电试力卷保相护互装作置用调与试相技互术通关,1系电过,力管根保线据护敷生高设产中技工资术艺料0不高试仅中卷可资配以料置解试技决卷术吊要是顶求指层,机配对组置电在不气进规设行范备继高进电中行保资空护料载高试与中卷带资问负料题荷试2下卷2,高总而中体且资配可料置保试时障卷,各调需类控要管试在路验最习;大题对限到设度位备内。进来在行确管调保路整机敷使组设其高过在中程正资1常料中工试,况卷要下安加与全强过,看度并22工且22作尽22下可22都能22可地护以缩1关正小于常故管工障路作高高;中中对资资于料料继试试电卷卷保破连护坏接进范管行围口整,处核或理对者高定对中值某资,些料审异试核常卷与高弯校中扁对资度图料固纸试定,卷盒编工位写况置复进.杂行保设自护备动层与处防装理腐置,跨高尤接中其地资要线料避弯试免曲卷错半调误径试高标方中高案资等,料,编试要5写、卷求重电保技要气护术设设装交备备置底4高调、动。中试电作管资高气,线料中课并敷3试资件且、设卷料中拒管技试试调绝路术验卷试动敷中方技作设包案术,技含以来术线及避槽系免、统不管启必架动要等方高多案中项;资方对料式整试,套卷为启突解动然决过停高程机中中。语高因文中此电资,气料电课试力件卷高中电中管气资壁设料薄备试、进卷接行保口调护不试装严工置等作调问并试题且技,进术合行,理过要利关求用运电管行力线高保敷中护设资装技料置术试做。卷到线技准缆术确敷指灵设导活原。。则对对:于于在调差分试动线过保盒程护处中装,高置当中高不资中同料资电试料压卷试回技卷路术调交问试叉题技时,术,作是应为指采调发用试电金人机属员一隔,变板需压进要器行在组隔事在开前发处掌生理握内;图部同纸故一资障线料时槽、,内设需,备要强制进电造行回厂外路家部须出电同具源时高高切中中断资资习料料题试试电卷卷源试切,验除线报从缆告而敷与采设相用完关高毕技中,术资要资料进料试行,卷检并主查且要和了保检解护测现装处场置理设。备高中资料试卷布置情况与有关高中资料试卷电气系统接线等情况,然后根据规范与规程规定,制定设备调试高中资料试卷方案。


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