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2012成人高考专升本考试考试介绍考试大纲政治英语大学语文

2012成人高考专升本考试考试介绍考试大纲政治英语大学语文


2012 成人高考专升本考试考试介绍考试大纲政治英语大学语文

and very likely have our views challenged by other members of society. Face-to-face contact is by no means the only form of communication and during the last two hund red years the art of mass communication has become of one of the dominating factors of contempo rary society. Two things, above others, have caused the enormous growth of the communication in dustry. Firstly, inventiveness has led to advances in printing, telecommunications, photography, ra dio and television. Secondly, speed has revolutionized the transmission and reception of communi cations so that local news often takes a back seat to national news, which itself is often almost ecli psed by international news. No longer is the possession of information confined to a privileged minority. In the last century th e wealthy man with his own library was indeed fortunate, but today there are public libraries. Fort y years ago people used to flock to the cinema, but now far more people sit at home and turn on th e TV to watch a programme that is being channeled into millions of homes. Communication is no longer merely concerned with the transmission of information. The modern communication industry influences the way people live in society and broadens their horizons by a

llowing access to information, education and entertainment. The printing, broadcasting and adverti sing industries are all involved with informing,educating and entertaining. Although a great deal of the material communicated by the mass media is very valuable to the indi vidual and to the society of which he is a part, the vast modern network of communications is ope n to abuse. However, the mass media are with us for better, for worse, and there is no turning back . 6. In the first paragraph the writer emphasizes the _________ of face-to-face contact in social settings. A nature B limitation C usefulness D creativity 7. It is implied in the passage that_______ A local news used to be the only source of information B local news still takes a significant place C national news is becoming more popular D international news is the fastest transmitted news 8. which of the following statement is INCO RRECT? A To possess information used to be a privilege B Public libraries have replaced private l ibraries C Communication means more than transmission D Information influences ways of life an d thinking 9. From the last paragraph we can infer that the writer is________. A indifferent to the harmful in fluence of the mass media B happy about the drastic changes in the mass media C pessimistic abo ut the future of the mass media D concerned about the wrong use of the mass media Passage 3 Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they ma y be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into th e areas of the heart that have been damaged, and other problems may be solved if human cloning a nd its technology are not forbidden. With cloning, infertile couples could have children. Current treatments for infertility, in terms

of percentages, are not very successfully. Couples go through physically and emotionally painful p rocedures for a small chance of having children. Many couples run out of time and money without successfully having children. Human cloning could make it possible for many more infertile coup les to have children than ever before. We should be able to clone the bone marrow for children and adults suffering from leukemia. This is expected to be one of the first benefits to come from cloning technology. We may learn how to switch cells on and off through cloning and thus be able to cure cancer. Clon ing technology can be used to test for and perhaps cure gene-related diseases. The above is just a few examples of what human cloning technology can do for mankind. This ne w technology promises unprecedented advancement in medicine if people will release their fears a nd let the benefits begin. 10 . Heart attacks can be treated with human cloning technology by___________. A removing t

he damaged part of the heart B replacing the old heart with a cloned one C repairing the heart with cells cloned from healthy ones D giving the patients injections of variou s medicines 11. The word “ infertile ” (Line 1, Para.2) most probably means “____________”. A unable to give birth to a child B with physical and emotional problems C short of time and money D separated from each other for long 12. According to the passage, one of the first expected benefits from cloning technology may be in ____________. A the treatment of heart attacks B the bearing of babies C the cure of blood diseases D the detection of gene-related diseases 13. Cancer may be cured with the cloning technology by___________. A attacking the diseased ce lls with healthy ones B controlling the growth of the cells C detecting disordered genes in the cancel cells D activating cancer cells by switching them on 14. According to the writer, the main problem with the development of human cloning technology is that___________. A it may be out of human control B it has brought about few benefits so far C people still know little about it D people are afraid of such technology Passage 4 Ideas about education are changing in the United States. Education today is not just a high school diploma or a college degree. Many adults are not interested in going to college. They are intereste d in other kinds of learning. For them, learning does not end with a diploma. Continuing education gives these adults the opportunity to increase their knowledge about their o wn field or to learn about a new field. It also gives them a chance to improve their old skills

or to learn new ones. Scientists, mechanics and barbers can take classes to improve their work skills. If they know more or learn more, they can get a better job or earn more money. Continuing education classes give more adults the chances to learn new skills. There is usually a l arge variety of classes to choose from: typing, foreign cooking, photography, auto repair, furniture repair, or swimming. These are only some of the classes available. Some adults take classes for fun or because the class will be useful for them. Other adults take con tinuing education classes to improve their own lives because they want to feel better about themsel ves. Almost any community college or public school system has a continuing education program. Ther e are classes in schools, community buildings or churches. Most classes are in the evening, so wor king people can attend. The classes are usually small, and they are inexpensive.

15. The new idea about education in the U.S. is that__________. A. everyone should get a colle ge degree B. It’s no use for adults to go to college C. a high school diploma is the end of education D. adults should go on learning after graduating from school 16. What ’ s the purpose for adults to continue their education? A. Enlarge their knowledge and learn new s kills. B. Catch up the opportunity to get a higher degree. C. Learn more basic knowledge to g et a diploma. D. Make themselves live a more comfortable life. 17. Which of the following state ment is true? A. There are only a few continuing education classes available for adults. B. Only those who want to get more money should go on with their education. C. People take continuing education can get a good job. D. All the people getting continuing education can get a good job. 18. Usually, the continuin g education program is given________. A. in a small size and expensively B. only for working people C. only in community buildings or churches D. by community colleges and public scho ols 19. The best title for the passage would be _________. A. Continuing Education Class es B. The Importance of a College Degree C. A Good Way to Earn More Money D. Difference Choices for Adults VII. Writing (15 points) 得分 评卷人 Write on ANSWER SHEET a composition of about 200 words on the following topic: PORTANCE OF KEEPING A GOOD MOOD You are to write in three parts. In the first part, state specifically what your view is. THE IM

In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons. In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the i nstructions may result in a loss of marks. A卷 二O一二年辽宁省高等学校专升本招生考试 英语专业《综合英语》试题答案 Direction: All the Questions should be done on the Answer Sheet. III. Choose a word that best co mpletes each of the following sentences: (20*1point=20points) ACCAD ABDCC ADCAB BCAAC II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with the best word from the box below, changing its form whe

n necessary: (17*1point=17points) 1. rehearsed 2. demolished 3. in search for 4. disillusioned 5. legitimate 6.embarked on 7. nov elty 8. in bulk 9. nebulous 10. pseudonym 11. implanted 12.capital 13. struck 14. exotic 15. evokes 16. elusive 17. testifies to III.Cloze Test (20 points) Read the following paragraph and choose the correct word for each blan k from the three alternatives. 1 ― 5 ACBDC 6 ― 10 B A D A A 11 ― 15 C B B D C 16 ― 20 B D C A B IV. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese: (10 points) 逛当地超市的蔬菜水果自选区时,我感到很困惑,从标签上看它们的原产地几乎遍及世界各 地。 英国这个外省小地方的角落能陈列着来自世界各地的水果, 这在几年前简直难以令人置 信。但现在,这好像是理所当然的事情。 以前, 那些稀罕的和外国进口的水果只有富人才买得起, 但现在即使不是每个人都能品尝到, 也一定是我们每天购物时所能见识到的。 变化这么大, 以致我不再对新奇的果品过多地关注, 而被普通的东西所吸引了。在那些常见而“廉价”的蔬菜里面某种奇怪而又令人不安的事情 正在发生。 VI. Reading Comprehension (38 points) 1-4 CABA 5-9 CACDB 10-14 DACDA 15-19 CACBD B卷 二O一二年辽宁省高等学校专升本招生考试 英语专业《综合英语》试题答案

Direction: All the Questions should be done on the Answer Sheet. IV. Choose a word that best co mpletes each of the following sentences: (20*1point=20points) 1-5 ADCAB 6-10 BCAAC 11-15 ACCAD 16-20 ABDCC II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with the best word from the box below, changing its form whe n necessary: (17*1point=17points) 2. humble 2. rehearsed 3. demolished 4. disillusioned 5. legitimate 6.embarked on 7. novelty 8. in bulk 9. nebulous 10. pseudonym 11. capital 12. struck 14. exotic 14. travels 15. evo kes 16. testifies to 17. showed up III.Cloze Test (20 points) Read the following paragraph and choose the correct word for each blan k from the three alternatives. 1 ― 5 ACBDC 6 ― 10 B A D A A 11 ― 15 C B B D C 16 ― 20 B D C A B IV. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese: (10 points) 逛当地超市的蔬菜水果自选区时,我感到很困惑,从标签上看它们的原产地几乎遍及世界各 地。 英国这个外省小地方的角落能陈列着来自世界各地的水果, 这在几年前简直难以令人置

信。但现在,这好像是理所当然的事情。 以前, 那些稀罕的和外国进口的水果只有富人才买得起, 但现在即使不是每个人都能品尝到, 也一定是我们每天购物时所能见识到的。 变化这么大, 以致我不再对新奇的果品过多地关注, 而被普通的东西所吸引了。在那些常见而“廉价”的蔬菜里面某种奇怪而又令人不安的事情 正在发生。 VI. Reading Comprehension (38 points) 1-5 CACDB 6-9 CABA 10-14 CACBD 15-19 DACDA


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