Using Language (II)
Reading, speaking and writing
To help the disabled, from the reading text (on P 2.), we know we should:
?never feel sorry for them ?never make fun of them ?not ignore them ?accept them for who they are ?give them encouragement to live a colorful life ?develop some accessible public accommodations for the disabled
? Disabled people may meet with some embarrassing situations in public buildings. Can you give some examples?
can we do to make them feel better?
barrier-free facilities 无障碍设施
sidewalk for the blind
computer for the blind
Look at the pictures. Discuss the problems that people with walking difficulties might have in a cinema.
Do you often go to the cinema? If you feel that the cinema is not so convenient for the disabled, will you raise some suggestions to the architect?
How can we help disabled people in a cinema? * hearing-impaired people * elderly or disabled people by car * people in wheelchairs
people in wheelchairs
Read the letter and list the suggestions the writer put forward.
1. Adequate access for wheelchairs. 2. Earphones for people who have trouble hearing. 3. Raised seating. 4. Toilets. 5. Car parking.
Read the letter again and in pairs discuss the questions before writing the answers.
1. What is the purpose of the first paragraph of the letter? To tell the reader the purpose of the letter. 2. Why do you think the writer has numbered her suggestions and used italics? The writer has used numbers and a title in italics for each paragraph to organize the ideas and to make it easier for the reader to understand and remember the five suggestions.
3. What is the purpose of the last paragraph? To finish the letter in a polite way and to put forward some reasons why the architect should consider the writer’s suggestions.
1. …that you are to be the architect for the new Bankstown cinema. 句中的动词不定式to be the architect for … 作表语。 His task is to clean the floor and the windows. What we want is for you to understand the matter clearly.
2. I hope you will not mind me writing to ask if you … mind v. 介意；反对 She minded very much that he had not come. Do you mind if I put my bag here? Would you mind switching the television to channel 8? never mind 不要紧 mind one’s own business 少管闲事
(2005年江苏省南京市) —I’m terribly sorry
to have stepped on your foot. —_______. A. Don’t say that B. Never mind C. You’re welcome D. That’s right
(2007年湖北省黄冈市) —So hot in the classroom. Would you mind ______ the windows？ —OK. I’ll do it right now. A. not closing B. not opening C. closing D. opening
3. Adequate access for wheelchairs. adequate adj. 足够的, 充分的; 适当的, 适合 的 We took adequate food for the short holiday. I want a salary adequate to support my family. I hope you will prove adequate to the job.
access n. 通道, 入口；进入, 接近(的机会) The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields. As her private secretary, he has access to all her correspondence. Citizens may have free access to the library. accessible adj. 可得到的, 可进入的, 易接近的 This island is accessible only by boat. A manager should be accessible to his staff.
4. meet with 会晤, 遇到, 经受; 符合 The President met with the visiting officials at breakfast. No matter what difficulty you will meet with, carry out your plan. Her proposal met with a lot of resistance. The plan seems to meet with their ideas.
The writer uses polite forms in the letter. Polite forms are used to encourage the reader to take the ideas seriously. Underline the examples of the polite forms in this letter.
Examples: I hope you will not mind me writing to ask I wonder if ... It would be handy to have lifts ...
In groups discuss how accessible your community is for people with disabilities. Then discuss ways in which such access could be improved. Make a list of your ideas and think of some good reasons.
The form of a suggestion letter
Heading: This includes the address, line by line with the date being the last line. Greeting: The greeting ends with a comma. Body: 1st part: tells the receiver the purpose of your letter. 2nd part: your suggestion 3rd part: asks the receiver to consider your suggestions and encourage him / her to take your suggestions. Complimentary close: begins with a capital letter and ends with a comma. Signature: your name
Dear Mr. Smith, I read in the newspaper that you are the architect who is to design the new supermarket in our suburb. I am writing to ask you to consider the matter of easy use of the supermarket by people in wheelchairs. In particular, I would like you to consider the following things: 1. Width of aisles. Can you please make sure that the aisles are wide enough to allow wheelchairs to pass through. In some supermarkets the aisles are so narrow that a person in a wheelchair can not move along them easily.
2. Height of shelves. Can you please design shelves that can be reached by people in wheelchairs. In some supermarkets people in wheelchairs have to ask other shoppers to help them. This takes away their independence. 3. Lifts to other floors. Lifts should be in places that people in wheelchairs can get to easily. It is very difficult if lifts are right at the back of the shop and people have to go up and down the shelves before they get to it. 4. Car parks. I hope you will leave some car spaces close to the front of the shop for people in wheelchairs. It is very difficult if they have to park a long way away from the shop and wheel themselves over rough ground to the entrance.
Thank you for reading my letter. I hope you will consider my suggestions. Disabled people should have the same opportunities as able-bodied people to shop independently and they should be able to do so with dignity. I am sure many people will admire your supermarket if you design it with good access for disabled people. The supermarket owners will also be happy as more people will be able to shop there. Yours sincerely,