Canada—“The True North”
重要词汇 rather than 与其;不愿 chat vi.& n. 聊天;闲聊 surround vt. 包围;围绕 measure vi.& vt.测量;衡量;判定 计量制;计量单位;措施 settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于 manage to do 设法做 catch sight of 看见;瞥见 n.
相关提示 牢记 rather than 的用法,并记住 rather than 和 other than 的不同用法 记住 chat 的过去式和过去分词需要双写 t 再加 ed 注意 surround 的用法以及其派生词 掌握 measure 的不同词性以及其词组 take measures to do sth 的用法 熟知 settle down 的含义和用法;记住动词 settle 的几个常用短语 注意区分 manage to do 和 try to do 的不 同用法 注意掌握含 sight 的常见短语
重要词汇 have a gift for 对……有天赋 within prep.在……之内 border n.边界;国界;边沿 vt.&
相关提示 熟练掌握该短语的用法 掌握其作为介词和副词的用法;了解 within 和 in 的区别 注意其作为名词和动词的用法;掌握 border on/upon 的含义和用法 掌握该词及其动词 mix 的用法 注意 confirm 的用法以及其派生词 confirmation 牢记 distance 的用法及其短语 in the distance 的用法 adj. 附近 把握好 nearby 作副词和形容词的用法
vi.与……接壤;接近 mixture n.混合(物);混合状态 confirm vt. 证实;证明;批准 distance n.距离;远方 nearby adv. 在附近 的;邻近的
重要词汇 tradition n.传统;风俗 impress vt.使印象深刻; 使铭记
相关提示 注意 tradition 的用法及其派生词 traditional 掌握 impress 短语的用法,比如 be impressed by/with 对……留下深刻印象
1.Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada.(rather than...而不是……) 2.The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.(that 引导同位语从句) 3.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres.(so...that...如此……以至于……)
学习同位语从句的用法。 通过对本单元的学习,掌握说明性文章的写作技巧,能运用本单元所学 习的词汇、语法介绍自己的祖国、家乡或其他感兴趣的地方。
Section Ⅰ—Warming Up,Pre-reading, Reading & Comprehending
A 1.chat 2.surround B a.to see b.to talk in a friendly informal manner
3.catch sight of c.to find the size,length,or amount of something 4.mix d.to be all around someone or something 5.measure 6.settle down 答案:1.b 2.d e.to become quiet and calm f.to combine two or more different things 3.a 4.f 5.c 6.e
A.温故:从文中找出下列短语并写出它们的汉语意思。 1.all the way 2.take the train 3.on the way to 4.less than B.知新:从文中找出与下列释义对应的英文。 1.与其;不愿 2.定居;平静下来;专心于 3.设法做 4.看见;瞥见 5.有……的天赋
答案:A.1.一路上 5.have a gift for
2.乘火车 3.在……的路上 4.不到;少于 4.catch sight of
B.1.rather than 2.settle down 3.manage to do
三、阅读 A TRIP ON “THE TRUE NORTH”,回答下列问题
1.Why were Li Daiyu and Liu Qian excited? A.Because they could take a plane to Canada. B.Because they could take a train in Canada. C.Because they could cross the continent. D.Because they could meet their friend. 2.Where was Danny Lin waiting for Li Daiyu and Liu Qian? A.At the train station. B.At the train station in Vancouver. C.At the airport in Montreal. D.At the airport in Vancouver.
3.According to the passage,how long does it take to cross Canada? A.Two days. B.Three days. C.Four days. D.Five or more than five days. 4.Where does the coast with the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world lie? A.South of Vancouver. B.North of Vancouver. C.East of Vancouver. D.West of Vancouver.
5.Which of the following statements about Canada is TRUE? A.Canada has the largest amount of fresh water in the world. B.Canada is empty within a few hundred kilometers of the USA border. C.Canada is 55,000 kilometres from coast to coast. D.All the Canadians have a gift for riding wild horses. 答案:1~5 CDDBA
1.Rather than take the aeroplane all the way ,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大 到达东海岸。 考点 rather than 的含义是“与其,不愿”,rather than 还有“而不是”的含义,在句 子中连接平行结构。可以连接名词、代词、形容词、副词、动词、介词短 语或句子等。 I think I’ll have a cold drink rather than coffee.(连接名词) 我想喝冷饮,不想喝咖啡。 He rather than you is going to visit the factory.(连接代词) 要去参观工厂的是他而不是你。 The colour seems green rather than blue.(连接形容词) 这颜色似乎是绿色而不是蓝色。
The ship sank quickly rather than slowly.(连接副词) 船沉得很快,而不是很慢。 I prefer to stay at home rather than go out for an outing.(连接动词) 我宁愿留在家里,而不愿意出去远足。 We’ll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the hall. 我们与其在大厅开会不如在教室开会。(连接介词短语) We should help him rather than he should help us.(连接句子) 我们应该帮助他,而不是他应该帮助我们。 归纳:rather than 连接并列主语时,句子谓语动词的数与 rather than 前面的 主语保持一致;prefer to do sth rather than do sth 的含义是“与做……相比更 喜欢做……”。
1)would do...rather than do...=would rather do...than do... 宁愿 做……而不愿意做…… I would attend the meeting rather than type the documents. =I would rather attend the meeting than type the documents. 我宁愿去开会也不愿打印这些文件。 2)辨析 rather than 与 other than: rather than“而不是”,不表示主观愿望,而表示一个事实。 rather than 后的动词 形式要与主句中的动词形式保持一致。 other than“除了……之外”,通常用于否定句。 He has been playing cards rather than getting on with his work. 他一直没有工作,而是在打牌。 You can’t get there other than by swimming across the river. 除了游过这条河之外,你无法到达那儿。
单项填空 1)The form cannot be signed by anyone A.rather than C.more than price rather than A.to sell;allowing B.selling;allow C.selling;allowing D.to sell;allow yourself. B.other than D.better than the vegetables at half them to go bad.
2)(2013·湖南浏阳段考)These farmers prefer
3)It is the protection for the trees that really matters, are planted each year. A.other than B.or rather C.rather than D.more than 翻译下列句子 4)他是在笑,不是在哭。 5)我宁愿在图书馆看书,也不愿意在家里看书。 6)她不是待在家里,而是走了。
how many trees
4)He is laughing rather than crying. 5)I would read in the library rather than at home. 6)She left rather than stayed at home.
2.On the way to the station,he chatted about their trip. 在去火车站的路上,他聊起了她们的旅程。 考点一 on the way to...表示“在去……的路上”。 如: On the way to the factory,I met a strange man. 在去工厂的路上,我遇到了一个奇怪的人。 考点二 chat vi.& n. 聊天;闲聊 We should help the children who are addicted to chatting online. 我们应该帮助那些沉迷于网上聊天的孩子们。 QQ,where you can chat with/to your friends,makes communication easier. 在 QQ 上你可以和你的朋友聊天,这让交流更容易。 You seem to have had a delightful chat with Jack. 你好像与杰克聊得很愉快。 归纳:1)chat 作动词时,其过去式、 过去分词和现在分词需要双写其最后一个 字母 t,再加-ed 或-ing,即:chatted,chatted,chatting。 2)chat 作名词时,为可数名词,have a chat with sb 的含义是“和某人聊天”。
单项填空 1)(2013·浙江湖州月考)It is reported that a big storm is just North China. A.in a way C.on the way 2)Do you know that A.chat C.chatted 3)Mr.White 4)Are you 答案:1)C 2)D B.in the way D.by the way with wise men improves your mind? B.chats D.chatting with Maggie and gave her some advice. with your net-pal now? 3)chatted 4)chatting in
用 chat 的适当形式填空
3.People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city ,surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市,被群山和太平洋环抱。 剖析:过去分词短语 surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean 在句子中 作定语,修饰 city。 考点 surround vt.& vi. 包围;围绕 The people were surrounded by the flood. 人们被洪水包围。 The fence surrounds my house. 篱笆环绕着我的家。 I want to surround the building with trees. 我想用树木把这座建筑物环绕起来。 归纳:surround 常与介词 with 连用,词组 be surrounded by/with 的含义是 “被……包围/环绕”。
派生词: surrounding adj.周围的;附近的,只能用于名词前作定语。如: the surrounding country 近郊 surrounding 可作名词,其复数形式可指“环境;周围的事物”。如: social surroundings 社会环境
单项填空 1)(2013·江西宜春期中)The villagers watched the soldiers helping the people by the flood, very excited. A.surrounding;feeling B.surrounding;felt C.surrounded;feeling D.surrounded;felt 2)(2013·黑龙江牡丹江期末) by the clear waters,this forest provides visitors with a wonderful chance to see some endangered birds in the wild. A.Being surrounded B.Surrounding C.Surrounded D.To be surrounded 答案:1)C 2)C
4.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall ,some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿的湿度很大,所以树都长得特别高,一些高达 90 多米。 剖析:1)本句中的 that 引导的是结果状语从句。如: Beijing is so beautiful that it attracts many visitors from abroad every year. 北京非常漂亮,每年吸引许多外国游客。 2)some measuring over 90 metres 为独立主格结构,在句子中作状语。 独立主 格结构主要表示谓语动词发生的时间、 原因、 条件或伴随情况等,相当于一 个状语从句或并列句。独立主格结构主要有下面几种形式: 名词(代词)+现在分词 We shall play the match tomorrow,weather permitting. 如果明天天气好,我们就进行比赛。
名词(代词)+过去分词 The job finished,we went home. 工作结束后我们就回家了。 名词(代词)+不定式 So many people to help him,he is sure to succeed. 有如此多的人来帮助他,他一定会成功的。 名词(代词)+介词短语 A girl came in,some books in hand. 一个女孩进来了,手里拿着一些书。
名词(代词)+形容词或副词 He sat in the front row,his mouth half open. 他坐在前排,嘴半张着。 There being +名词(代词) There being nothing else to do,we went home. 没有别的事可做,我们就回家了。 It being +名词(代词) It being Christmas,the government offices were closed. 由于圣诞节的缘故,政府机关都休息。 注:独立主格结构有时可在其前加上介词 with。如: Don’t sleep with the windows open. 别开着窗睡觉。
考点 measure vi.& vt.测量;衡量;判定
Our classroom measures seven meters wide. 我们的教室有 7 米宽。 It’s hard to measure the importance of good manners. 礼貌的重要性是很难衡量的。 I can’t measure which car is better. 我不能断定哪一辆汽车更好。 An hour is a measure of time.小时是计时单位。 The government has taken some measures to solve the problem. 政府已经采取了一些措施来解决这个问题。 归纳:measure 作不及物动词时,意思是“有……长(或宽、 高等)”,用于量尺寸、 面积,与表示数量的词或短语连用,其主语是表示物的名词或代词。take measures to do sth 的含义是“采取措施做某事”,measure 作名词时是可数名 词。
1)派生词:measurement n.尺寸;测量 2)measure 重点词组归纳: beyond measure 非常,……之极 in some measure 在某种程度上 take one’s measure 给某人量尺寸
单项填空 1)Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures,some around 20 years. A.having C.have B.had D.to have by how a life span of
2)(2013·四川射洪月考)The value of one’s life should be much good he does for society,not how long he lives in the world. A.affected B.measured C.observed D.produced
3)(2013·黑龙江哈尔滨期中)It is amazing that the little boy can swim the river 100 meters in width. A.across;measuring B.over;measured C.across;measure D.through;measuring 4)(2013·山东邹平月考)The classroom wide. A.measures C.has 答案:1)A 2)B B.is measured D.has length 3)A 4)A 30 feet long and 20 feet
5.That afternoon aboard the train,the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午表姐妹俩登上火车落了座。 考点 settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于 Because of the Three Gorges Project,many people left their hometown and settled down in Shanghai. 因为三峡工程,许多人离开故乡在上海定居下来。 Please settle down to think carefully. 请静下心来仔细想想。 The teacher told the students to settle down to studies. 老师让学生们专心学习。
1)settle down 还有其他含义。如: Have you settled down in your new job yet? 你适应新工作了吗? 归纳:settle down 在本句中的含义是:适应 2)含 settle 的常用短语归纳: settle on sth 决定做某事 settle for sth 勉强认可某事 I have settled on selling the house. 我决定卖掉这座房子。 He had no choice but to settle for it. 他别无选择,只能勉强认可这件事情。
单项填空 1)(2013·陕西西安月考)I hate all this travel;I want to get married and . A.settle down B.settle on C.settle upon D.settle for 2)(2013·辽宁沈阳月考)With all his children running and shouting around the house,he couldn’t A.settle down C.put down to finish his book. B.cut down D.fall down
翻译句子 3)1849 年马克思去了英国并且定居在那儿。 答案:1)A 2)A 3)In 1849,Marx went to England and settled down there.
6.Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains ,they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 那天早些时候穿过落基山脉时,她们总算见到了野山羊,甚至还看到了一只 大灰熊和一只鹰。 考点一 manage to do 设法做到 The soldiers managed to save the children from the mudslide. 战士们设法从泥石流中把那些孩子们救了出来。 归纳:manage to do sth 指设法做到了某件事情,相当于 succeed in doing sth 。
辨析:manage to do sth 和 try to do sth manage to do sth 侧重设法做了某事,相当于 succeed in doing sth;try to do sth 则表示“尽力做某事”,但不一定成功。 He managed to organize a live concert.=He succeeded in organizing a live concert. 他成功地组织了一次现场直播的音乐会。 I tried to persuade him to give up smoking,but failed. 我尽力说服他戒烟,但失败了。
考点二 catch sight of 看见;瞥见 When I was walking in the street,I caught sight of my boss. 当我在街上走路时,看见了我的老板。 归纳:catch sight of 侧重“看”的结果,相当于 see(看见)。
含 sight 的重点短语: at first sight 初看之下;乍一看 at the sight of 在看到……时 in/within sight 在视线之内 lose sight of 看不见;忽略;忘记 out of sight 看不见 如: At first sight I thought it was Mary,but when I looked again I saw it was Helen. 初看起来,我认为那个人是玛丽,但我再看时,才看出是海伦。 At the sight of the police,they ran away. 一看到警察,他们就逃走了。 There was no one anywhere in sight.到处都看不见人。 It was so dark that I lost sight of him.天太黑,我看不见他了。 Out of sight,out of mind.眼不见,心不烦。
单项填空 1)(2013·江西南昌期中)I knew he failed in the entrance examination the moment I A.in sight of B.caught sight of C.at the sight of D.lost sight of 2)(2013·陕西咸阳月考)It was very difficult to rescue the drowning boy in the sea.One moment the rescue workers they . A.caught sight of;lost B.caught the sight of;lost his sight C.caught sight of;lost sight of him D.caught the sight of;lost their sight of him him but the next moment him crying alone in his room.
3)(2013·贵州贵阳期中)All of A.a;/ C.a;a 答案:1)B 2)C B./;/ D./;a 3)A
sight of my
teachers and classmates in the crowd,and then I felt much more calm.
7.Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes. 他们中许多人都有骑野马的才能,他们能赢得几千美元的奖金。 考点 have a gift for...对……有天赋 She has a gift for learning English. 她有学英语的天赋。
1)gift 可意为“天赋;天资;才能”。 He is a man of many gifts. 他是一个多才多艺的人。 2)gift 还可以指“礼物”。 This car was given me as a birthday gift. 这辆汽车是给我的生日礼物。 3)gifted 可用作形容词,如: It is known to us that he is a gifted child. 我们知道他是个有天赋的孩子。 My sister is gifted at drawing. 我的姐姐在绘画方面有天赋。 归纳:gifted 的含义是:有天赋的;常用于短语: be gifted at/in sth 在……方面有天赋
单项填空 1)(2013·福建厦门期中)Lang Lang has honored with A.a;a;the C.the;an;the award for playing B.a;an;/ D.a;an;the student that all of the teachers gift for music and he was piano.
2)He was regarded as such a believed that his future would be bright. A.bad B.stupid C.poor D.gifted
翻译句子 3)他在音乐方面有天赋吗? 4)你的儿子是个多才多艺的孩子。 答案:1)D 2)D 3)Is he gifted at/in music?/Does he have a gift for music?
4)Your son is a child of many gifts.
8.At school,they had learned that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border,... 她们在学校学过,大多数加拿大人居住在靠近美国边境几百公里以内的地 带,…… 剖析:本句的主句用了过去完成时态:had learned;但其宾语从句用了一般现 在时态,这是因为从句表达的是客观事实。 By the time he was five,he had learned that the earth goes around the sun. 到他五岁的时候,他已经知道地球围绕太阳转。 考点一 within prep.在……之内 He kept within doors all day yesterday. 他昨天整天待在家里。
within 可作副词。如: The house has been painted within and without. 房子里外都油漆过了。 She is pure within.她内心纯洁。 归纳:within 作副词的含义是:在里面;内心
考点二 border n. 边界;国界;边沿
They were near the border between France and Germany. 他们在法国和德国边界附近。 We camped on the border of a lake.我们在一个湖边扎营。 How many countries border China? 有多少国家与中国接壤? Our garden is bordered by a stream. 我们的花园濒临一条小河。 The United States borders on Canada. 美国与加拿大接壤。 Your suggestion borders upon absurd. 你的建议近乎荒唐。 归纳:on the border of 的含义是“在……的边缘”; border on/upon 的含义是“接壤,近乎”。
1)border 还可表示其他含义。如: The thief was on the border of escaping when the policeman caught him by the collar at once. 小偷正要逃跑,警察马上一把抓住了他的衣领。 归纳:border 在本句中的含义是:正要;在……的边缘;将要 2)派生词:borderer n. 边境居民;borderline n. 边界线;borderland n. 边疆;边 区
单项填空 1)By the time Jack returned home from England,his son college. A.graduated B.has graduated C.had been graduating D.had graduated 2)(2013·辽宁瓦房店月考)Please don’t leave scissors or knives on the table the reach of little children. A.beyond B.within easy reach. C.above D.over 3)It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot A.near C.within B.upon D.around from
用 border 的适当形式填空 4)There is a 答案:1)D 2)B of flowers around the garden. student. 3)C 4)border 5)borderline 5)I am not sure whether to pass him or fail him;he is a