云天化中学 2015—2016 学年上学期期末考试卷 高 一 英 语
说明: 1．时间：120 分钟；分值：150 分； 2. 本卷分Ⅰ、Ⅱ卷，请将第Ⅰ卷选择题答案填入机读答题卡（共 页） ．．．．．．．5 ． ．． 第Ⅰ卷 （选择题，共 100 分） 第一部分：听力理解 ( 共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节（共 5 小题；每题 1. 5 分，满分 7．5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅 读一遍 1. What would the man like to drink? A. Iced coffee. B. Regular tea. C. Hot coffee. 2. How much should a student pay for the room for two weeks? A. $25 B. $50 C. $65 3. Who is ill? A. The man. B. The woman’s daughter. C. The woman. 4. What is the woman going to do tonight? A. See a film. B. Stay at home. C. Attend class. 5. Where is the woman? A. In a soap factory. B. In her house. C. At an information desk. 第二节(共 15 小题；每题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6---7 题。 6. What does the man want to be? A. A laboratory assistant. B. A computer assistant. C. A college assistant. 7. How will the man get more details? A. Visiting the office. B. Calling the office. C. Sending an e-mail. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8---10 题。 8. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Good friends . B. Mother and son. C. Teacher and student. 9. What did the boy often do at school? A. He often quarreled with others. B. He often fell asleep in class. C. He often stayed after class. 10. What can we know about the boy? A. He prefers to go out to find a job next year. B. He has neither much interest in school nor in work. C. He is discouraged because he hasn’t passed the exam.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11---13 题。 11. How long will the man’s holiday last? A.10 days. B.15 days. C.25 days. 12.What is the favorite activity of the man’s wife? A. Reading. B. Fishing C. Climbing mountains. 13. Where will the woman visit her friends? A. In Egypt. B. In Europe. C. In Hawaii. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14---16 题。 14. What sorts of things will the woman see on safari? A. Glass walls. B. Zoo bars. C. Wild animals. 15. How will the woman go on safari? A. By elephant. B. By truck. C. By bike. 16. In which year was the woman born? A. The year of Horse. B. The year of Tiger. C. The year of Dog. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17---20 题。 17. When are the students not allowed to leave the school? A. The first day. B. The weekends. C. The weekdays. 18. What can’t the students do without a teacher? A. Hold parties in the school. B. Complete the safety sheet. C. Use any emergency equipment. 19. Why are the students asked to tie back their loose hairs? A. They may catch fire. B. They may cover their eyes. C. They may make the lab dirty. 20. What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. Laboratory regulations. B. Safety instructions. C. After-class activities. 第二部分： 阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分， 满分 40 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项（共 15 小 题，满分 30 分） A I am a taxi driver. One Monday morning, I had stopped at New York Hospital when I found a well-dressed man dashing down the steps. He was waving to me. I waited until he jumped into the cab. “ LaGuardia Airport, please,” he said. As always, I wondered about my passenger. “ What do you do?” “ I am in the neurology department(神经内科) at the hospital.” For some unknown reason, I decided to ask for his help. “ Could I ask a favor of you?” He didn’t answer. “ I have a son, 16. He’s doing well in school. He wants a job this summer. Is there any possibility that you might get him a summer job?” After a pause, he said, “ The medical students have a research project. Maybe he could fit in. Have him send me his school records.” He sear ched his pocket and handed me a card. That evening, I pulled the card from my pocket. “ Robbie,” I announced proudly, “ this could be a summer job fo r you. Send him your school records.” He read it out loud, “ Fred Plum, New York Hospital.” “ Is this a joke?” he said in disbelief. After I shouted and threatened(恐 吓) to cut off his pocket-money, Robbie promised to send off his grades t he next morning. Two weeks later, when I arrived home, my son handed me a letter from Plum. He was to phone Plum’s secretary for an interview.
Robbie got the job. The white coat he wore made him feel more important than he really was. As high school graduation neared, Plum was kind enough to write letters of recommendation(推 荐) for universities. To our delight, Robbie was admitted to New York Medical College. It never occurred to me that a stranger should change my son’s future. 21. Who does the underlined phrase “ a well-dressed man” in the first paragraph refer to? A. The author. B. Plum. C. Robbie. D. A patient. 22. The author threatened to cut off Robbie’s pocket-money probably because . A. he was tired after a day’s work B. he didn’t earn enough money C. Robbie was unwilling to work D. Robbie didn’t believe what he said. 23. It can be inferred from the passage that Plum is . A. patient and selfless B. generous and respectful C. kind and helpful D. wealthy and handsome 24. What message does the passage want to tell us? A. A stranger may change your life. B. One must be friendly to strangers. C. A father should be responsible for his son. D. Doctors may have a great effect on people. B. There are some strange driving laws in different countries. Vietnam: If you’re in Vietnam without a Vietnamese driver’s license, you risk a prison sentence of up to 3years. Russia: In Moscow, if your car is dirty enough to draw dust art, you will be fined about 2,000 rubles. Worse yet, it’s not legal to wash your car by hand in public places—forcing you to take it to one of the few car wash facilities. Thailand: Drivers--males or females--can’t drive shirtless, whether it’s a car, a bus or a tuk-tuk. France: France requires its drivers to carry a potable breathalyzer(呼气酒精测试仪) all the time when driving a car. The one-time breathalyzer cost around US $ 5, and if you don’t have one, you will be fined US $ 15. Cyprus: Raising your hands in the car can get you fined of US $ 35. The law states a driver can be fined if the person is not in a regular position inside the car or raises his hands from the steering wheel unnecessarily. Japan: Politeness isn’t just the culture in Japan; it’s part of driving laws. Splashing a person by driving through a puddle(小水坑) with your car will cost you over US $ 60. The country is also strict with its DUI(酒驾) laws---riding with or lending your car to a driver who gets caught drinking can lead to a fine costing thousands of dollars. 25. Where should you go to wash your car when you are in Moscow? A. The car wash facilities. B. Any public place. C. Your home. D. The forest. 26. What can get you fined for in Cyprus? A. Forgetting to carry a portable breathalyzer. B. Not having a Cyprus driver’s license. C. Putting your hands above your head when you are driving. D. Driving without a shirt. 27. If you are fined thousands of dollars in Japan, you may have been .
A. in an irregular position in your car. driver. C. splashing a person with mud. 28. This text can most likely be found in A. a diary. C. an international newspaper. cultures.
B. sitting in a car with a drunken D. impo lite to othe r drivers. . B. a fashion magazine D. a column on interesting
C Parties and social gathering no longer excite us the same way they once did. This is not because of a lack of desire to socialize, but the mobile-phone. At parties, more people are on their phones than on their drinks. According to a recent International Data Corporation Study, over half of all Americans have a smartphone and reach for it as soon as they wake up, keeping it in hand all day. In addition, too many people in society are using smartphones while driving and as a result, they get into car crashes. 34 percent of teenagers admit sending messages while driving, and they agree that sending messages is their number one driving interruption. People’s addiction(沉溺) to their smartphones is unbelievably becoming more important than the lives of themselves and others. Just as drivers ignore the importance of focusing while on the road, many people also fail to recognize the importance of human communication. When with their friends, some people aimlessly check or send messages in front of a friend, which sends a message to that friend: the person I am texting is more important than you. In addition, relying on our smartphones to make friends does not give us the same advantage as being able to make new friendships in the real world. Face-to-face conversations will give us much stronger communication skills in the long run. As many people risk their lives and the lives of people around them just to send a message or mindlessly check their messages, smartphones are in many ways more dangerous to people. The quality of this technology is preventing societal achievements and weakening the value of communication. Not only is the smartphone affecting our desire to communicate face to face, but it is also lowering society’s ability to communicate. 29. The purpose of the passage is to . A. call for an end to use the smartphone while driving B. tell us to pay attention to communication skills C. express a concern about the overuse of the smartphone D. advise us to be careful about the addiction to face-to-face communication. 30. The second paragraph is developed by . A. giving examples B. time order. C. comparing facts D. analyzing the effects 31. The author advises us to make new friends . A. by using smartphones B. in a face-to-face way C. in different ways D. by writing letters. 32. Over-dependence on the smartphone leads to the fact that . A. parties and gathering limit their social circle. B. people are more and more easy-going. C. people’s communication skills are weakened. D. face-to-face communication becomes more and more dangerous.
D Even if trees cannot walk, they are still on the move. In parts of the Arctic, entire forests are moving northward. Across the Arctic, temperatures are rising faster than anywhere else in the world. As that happens, the tree line that marks where forests stop and the treeless tundra(冻原) starts has been moving northward. Trees growing along the tree line must protect themselves from the cold wind. To do this, plants tend to grow horizontal(水平的) branches low to the ground. The energy it takes for trees to grow this way means they don’t have enough energy to make seeds. But as Earth’s climate has been warming, trees no longer have to just grow horizontally. Many can instead grow up toward the sky. This takes less energy. This happens especially in places where white spruce(白云杉) grows. White spruce, which is a North American trees, is quite able to produce a lot of seeds, which can move long distances in the wind. When wind-blown seeds end up on the tundra beyond the tree line, they finally sprout(发芽) new trees. This explains how a forest can move. Of course, the process would work only if the tundra were warm enough. But in recent years, the whole planet has been warming. New trees will provide shelter for some snow. Keeping the sun’s rays from making the white surface disappear. Instead, the trees absorb(吸收) the sun’s heat. This warms the air around. The extra warmth encourages even more trees to produce seeds. That further increases a fore st’s ability to expand(扩展). What’s more, more trees will trap more snow, preventing much of it from being blown away. Snow can trap heat in the soil below, which encourages trees to grow. The recent rise of temperatures has helped more trees grow past the tree line. People worry about effects on the animals that depend on frozen conditions for food and shelter. 33. What is the main cause of the trees in the Arctic moving northward? A. The reducing of northern tundra. B. The rising temperature. C. The cold and strong wind. D. The rich resources in the north. 34. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 2 mean? A. To produce more seeds. B. To move northward. C. To respond to the climate change. D. To protect themselves from the cold wind. 35. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. New trees can trap the snow, which may make the soil colder. B. The trapped snow prevents new trees from producing more seeds. C. New trees can make the air around warmer. D. New trees can bring more food and shelter to local animals. 第二节 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选 项中有两项为多余选项。 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分,满分 10 分） Shyness can have a huge effect on your life. It can stop you from making any progress. 36 . Make eye contact with everyone you talk to. It is so easy to look at the floor, the ceiling, anywhere but into the other person’s eyes. Looking directly at someone makes them see you in a different light. If they think you are confident, you will become more confident! If you find it really hard , at the very beginning, look just above the eyes, they will never know. 37 Start a conversation with a new person every day. Think of four or five things you could start a conversation with and then find at least one opportunity each day to talk to a new person. 38 Just exchanging a few words will get you used to talking to new people and you can gradually deal with it well as your confidence grows. Asking people something about themselves is often
a good opener as it encourages them to talk! 39 Your body language has a huge effect on both how you feel and how other people perceive(认为) you. Walk around your home or garden as if you are the most important person in the world. Then go out and continue that; you really are the most important person in the world. All in all, never give up, keep practicing and soon you really will be a different person. 40 You need to take action to increase your confidence and beat shyness. A. Just reading tips will not help. B. It will reduce your embarrassment. C. Be aware of your body language. D. The tips below can help overcome your shyness and improve your life very much!. E. Many young people are actually shy in public. F. You don’t need to have a deep conversation. G. You can have a talk with your parents if necessary. 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节， 满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空 （共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） At the beginning of the new term, I was 41 that I was going to teach math in a new c lass. Hearing that it was a class that several teachers had complained(抱怨) about, I became anxious. 42 to know how I can 43 this group, I asked the former teachers about the students. One teacher told me that the students were naughty and 44 to obey the rules. One boy was especially lazy and he 45 on purpose so that he would be allowed to move back to his father’s house in another state. 46 I met my new students, I 47 to make my class lovely and was surprised and happy to see they did better than I had thought. As I was giving them 48 problems to solve, something 49 happened. The student who tried to f ail was raising his hand. I nodded. He stood up and gave the 50 correct answers. I praised him and smiled gratefully. Later I told the student how I was proud of his 51 and gave him a positive letter to let him take home. He said, “ I 52 you had been my teacher last term. You are the first one to 53 a positive letter home. I will try to do well in studies in the future.” He was so excited and 54 that he was almost crying. At the end of the class he 55 me again. I believe that this student will 56 this term. Sometimes teachers 57 students without seeing their potential（潜力）. Too often we 58 the negative sides rather than the positive ones. It is possible for a teacher to change students’ 59 with love and encouragement. The 60 of making a difference in students is great! 41. A. learned B. organized C. designed D. told 42. A. Unwilling B. Eager C. Curious D. Excited 43. A. deal with B. agree with C. go with D. fight with 44. A. unwilling B. uncertain C. unhappy D. unable 45. A. quarreled B. shouted C. failed D. fell 46. A. While B. After C. Because D. Before 47. A. succeeded B. managed C. needed D. agreed 48. A. physics B. English C. chemistry D. math 49. A. exciting B. frightening C. amazing D. discouraging 50. A. exactly B. immediately C. suddenly D. hopefully
51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.
generosity wish carry careful praised improve attack decide on future award
B. guidance C. efforts B. require C. advise B. take C. send B. encouraged C. interested B. congratulated C. greeted B. forget C. teach B. replace C. search B. depend on C. agree on B. goal C. attitudes B. reward C. prize 第Ⅱ卷 （非选择题，共 50 分）
D. effects D. realize D. bring D. worried D. thanked D. accept D. evaluate D. focus on D. activity D. medal
注意事项： 将答案写在答题卡上，在本试卷上作答无效。 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节） 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括 号内单词的正确形式。 I 61 (change) much since I entered senior high school. In the past I 62 (use) to play computer games in an Internet bar in the street. 63 a result, the more I played, the 64 (lazy) I became. To me, study seemed boring and endless, 65 made me fall behind others in my class. Now I've realized time is too precious 66 (waste). So I'm trying to make up for the 67 (lose) time and spare no effort to study hard. I've made it a rule to rise early and pay my attention 68 books immediately I sit down. The final-term exam 69 (come) and I am doing what I can to prepare for it. And I believe I can make great progress and realize my dreams 70 (final). 第一节：短文改错（满分 10 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加加一个漏字符号（Λ ） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 （试题内容见答题卡） It was the International Women’s Day. Li Hua had a good idea and tells his father that he was going to do everything to celebrate it. He asked his father to help him. First they decided to do some housework, that was always done by his mother. Li Hua cleaned the house completely while his father did some shop. Then they made a good meal, cooking fish, pork, chicken, soup but some other delicious dishes. Li Hua laid the table and set a vase full with flowers in the middle of the table. After that they hid them behind the door and waited the mother in order to give her a surprise. When his mother came back and saw the delicious food, she felt happily. 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华，是一名高中生。你从学校网站得知你校广播站正在招聘两名兼职英语播音员。请根据 以下要点写一封申请信。内容包括： 1. 写信的目的； 2. 陈述你的优势； （英语好；擅长交流；英语演讲曾获过奖?..）
3. 希望从中学到??。 4. 期待答复。 注意： 1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增减细节，以使行文连贯； 3．邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好。 参考词汇： broadcaster/ announcer(播音员) Dear Sir or Madam,
Yours, Li Hua
2015—2016 学年上学期期末考试高一英语参考答案 听力： 1---5：CBBCC 6---10.AABCB 11---15: AAACB 16---20:ACAAB 阅读 21---24：BDCA 25---28：ACBD 29—32CABC 33—35BDC 36—40DBFCA 完型 41---45: DBAAC 46---50: BBDCA 51---55: CACBD 56---60: ADDCB 语法填空： I have changed (change) much since I entered senior high school. In the past I used (use) to play computer games in an Internet bar in the street. As a result, the more I played, the lazier (lazy) I became. To me, study seemed boring and endless, which made me fall behind others in my class. Now I've realized time is too precious to waste (waste). So I'm trying to make up for the lost (lose) time and spare no effort to study hard. I've made it a rule to rise early and pay my attention to books immediately I sit down. The final-term exam is coming (come) and I am doing what I can to prepare for it. And I believe I can make great progress and live my dreams finally(final). 改错 1．the 去掉 2. tells-told 3. everything-something 4. that-which 5. shop-shopping 6.but-and 7.full-filled 或 with--of 8.them-themselves 9. wait 后 加 for 10. happily-happy 书面表达 Dear Sir or Madam, My name is Li Hua. I know from the website that you need two part-time English radio broadcasters. I am writing to apply for the position. I think I am fit for the job for the following reasons. First, I am good at spoken English. I won the first prize in our city’s English Speech Contest last year. Besides, my dream is to become an English announcer after graduating from college, so this would be a very good chance for me to gain some experience. More importantly, I can learn how to cooperate with others by doing this job. I sincerely hope you can give me a chance. Thank you for your consideration. Look forward to your reply.