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Unit 10 The Olympic Games book 2

Unit 10 The Olympic Games book 2


Unit 10 The Olympic Games

课题序号 授课课时 授课章节 名 称 使用教具

Unit 10 Periods 1 ~ 2

授课班级 授课形式

Warming up and Listening in Unit 10 A tape recorder 1. Know something about the Olympic Games. 2. Develop students’ listening ability.

教学目的

Understanding the general idea and do the tasks correctly. 教学重点

Catch the key points of the listening materials 教学难点 更新、补充 删节内容 课外作业

教学后记

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Step 1. Greetings. Step 2. Some terms of Olympic Games * motto 格言 * symbol 标志 * mascot 吉祥物 * emblem 会徽 Step 3. Warming up. Ⅰ. Task 1. Look at the following pictures and try to find the right expression for each of them. Ⅱ. Task 2. Discuss in small groups and try to give more terms or expressions related to the Olympic Games. Step 4. New words and expressions. * Olympic adj. 奥林匹克运动会的 the Olympic Games * flame n. 火焰 * guide vt. 给?领路 * redefine vt. 重新解释 * stretch vt. 舒展;伸直 n. 一段距离 * inspiration n. 鼓舞;灵感 * champion n. 冠军 * goodwill n. 亲善;友好 * ambassador n. 大使 * influence n. 影响 * promote vt. 宣传 * promotional adj. 宣传的 * representative n. 代表 Step 5. Task 1 in Listening. Listen to the 2000 Sydney Olympic Song — The Flame. Try to fill in the blanks and sing it together. Step 6. Task 2. Ⅰ. Skim the exercises and know what you’re going to hear. Ⅱ. Listen to the tape twice and decide whether the following statements are True or False. Ⅲ. Listen to the passage again and fill in the blanks with the information you hear. Ⅳ. Check up. Step 7. Some points. 1. be in need of 需要 He is in need of other’s help. We weren’t in need of money.
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

2. stand for (不可用被动语态) * 代表,表示;象征 The red flag stands for our country. Five interlocking circles stands for five continents. GNP stands for the gross national product. GNP 代表国民生产总值。 That stands for nothing. 那不代表什么,毫无用处。 * 主张,支持 We didn’t stand for his proposal that he offered at the meeting. Which principle do you stand for? 你支持哪个原则? 3. lead to * 引导,导致 These courses will lead to an academic degree. 读完这些课程可获得学位。 This misprint led to great confusion. The big fire led to the result that many people lost their house. * 引导到…;通往….. All roads lead to Rome. Your explanation led me to a clear understanding. * 诱导; 使….产生念头 What led you to believe it? The salesmen try their best to lead people to buy things that they don’t need. Compare: lead 带领,牵头;走在前头,引到目的地 guide 引着参观,导游;一直陪在身边,边走边讲 direct 指路;指出方向,但不一同去 The teacher led the children to the crossing. She guided the tourists around the city. Can you direct me to the People’s Hospital? Step 8. Homework. Ⅰ. Sing the song “The Flame”. Ⅱ. Preview “Speaking”.

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Blackboard Design Unit 10 The Olympic Games * Olympic adj. 奥林匹克运动会的 the Olympic Games * flame n. 火焰 * guide vt. 给?领路 * redefine vt. 重新解释 * stretch vt. 舒展;伸直 n. 一段距离 * inspiration n. 鼓舞;灵感 * champion n. 冠军 * goodwill n. 亲善;友好 * ambassador n. 大使 * influence n. 影响 * promote vt. 宣传 * promotional adj. 宣传的 * representative n. 代表

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

课题序号 授课课时 授课章节 名 称 使用教具

Unit 10 Periods 3 ~ 4 Speaking in Unit 10 A tape recorder

授课班级 授课形式

1. Learn how to ask for other’s opinion. 2. Develop students’ spoken English. 教学目的

Grasp and use the expressions of asking other’s opinion . 教学重点

Make up and act out the dialogue according to the given situations. 教学难点 更新、补充 删节内容 课外作业

教学后记

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Step 1. Greetings. Step 2. Revision. Ⅰ. Read the words in Listening. Ⅱ. Sing the song “The Flame”. Step 3. New words and expressions. * volunteer n. 志愿者 * qualified adj. 有资格的;胜任的 * equip vt. 配备;装备 equip-equipped-equipping * weapon n. 武器 * fluent adj. 流利的 * professional adj. 专业的 * etiquette n. 礼节;规范 * absolutely adv. 完全地 * trap n. 陷阱 Step 4. Read the dialogue carefully and try to find out how to ask for other’s opinions. Step 5. Read and act out the dialogue. Step 6. Read and explain the useful expressions. Step 7. Some points. 1.How about going to Beijing and working as volunteers? * how / what about + n. / doing sth? How about taking a trip to Europe this summer? What about taking a computer course? ----I’m fifteen. How about you? ----I’m fifteen, too.(问及有关信息) ----Are you free? ----Why? ----How about playing football? (征求意见) 2. As a matter of fact, a qualified Olympic Volunteer should be equipped with three “weapons”: fluent English, some professional skills and etiquette knowledge. * as a matter of fact = in fact, actually As a matter of fact, he is a famous actor. He told us a lie. As a matter of fact, he didn’t finish the job on his own. * a qualified volunteer 关于 qualified 的词组还有: be qualified for 有…的资格,适于担任…. be qualified to do 有做….的资格,胜任做…. She is qualified for the position. He is qualified to teach us French.
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

* be equipped with 装备,安装 equip .. with Every classroom is equipped with 12 day light lamps. They equipped the room with a new air conditioner. They are equipping the building with modern equipment. Step 8. Do Task 2. Pair work: Use the following situations to make dialogues with your partner, discussing what should be done in each situation. Step 9. Homework. Ⅰ. Read and recite the dialogue in Speaking. Ⅱ. Preview Section 1 in Reading. Blackboard Design * volunteer n. 志愿者 * qualified adj. 有资格的;胜任的 * equip vt. 配备;装备 equip-equipped-equipping * weapon n. 武器 * fluent adj. 流利的 * professional adj. 专业的 * etiquette n. 礼节;规范 * absolutely adv. 完全地 * trap n. 陷阱

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

课题序号 授课课时 授课章节 名 称 使用教具

Unit 10 Periods 5 ~ 6 Section 1 in Unit 10 A tape recorder

授课班级 授课形式

1. Learn something about the Olympic Games. 2. Train and develop students’ reading ability and skills. 教学目的

教学重点

Know the main idea of the passage、the usage of some phrases and can do Tasks correctly. 1. It is generally believed that the first ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in the little town of Olympia in Greece. 2. Only men were allowed to compete in and watch these early games. 3. The modern Olympic Games, which started in Athens in 1896, are the result of the devotion of a French nobleman, Pierre de Coubertin. 4. Since then, young people and athletics from different nations have been going together, which has led to a better international understanding. 5. In February 1998, the IOC made a decision that new sports added to the games must include women’s events.

教学难点

更新、补充 删节内容 课外作业

教学后记

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Step 1. Greetings. Step 2. Free talk. What do you know about the Olympic Games? Step 3. New words and expressions. * Olympia n. 奥林匹亚 * Greece n. 希腊 * Greek n. 希腊人 * celebration n. R: celebrate * compete vi. 比赛;竞赛 * devotion n. 献身;奉献 * nobleman n. 贵族 * Pierre de Coubertin 皮埃尔·德·顾拜旦 * athletic n. 体育运动;竞技 * motto n. 格言 * interlocking adj. 连锁的 * background n. 底子;背景 * represent vt. 代表;象征 * continent n. 大洲 * committee n. 委员会 * IOC(International Olympic Committee) * federation n. 联盟;同盟 * organization n. 组织;机构 * equality n. 同等;平等 * economic adj. 经济上的 Step 4. Discuss in small groups the following questions. 1. When were the first ancient Olympic Games held? 2. When and where did the modern Olympic Games start/ 3. What does IOC stand for/ Step 5. Read the passage then do Task 2. Step 6. Some points. 1. It is generally believed that the first ancient Olympic Games were held in 776 BC in the little town of Olympia in Greece.人们普遍认为公元前 776 年,在希 腊的奥林匹亚镇举办了第一届古代奥运会。 * It is generally / widely believed that ….. 人们普遍认为? It is widely believed that the virus originally came from monkeys. 人们普遍认 为那种病毒最初来自于猴子。 It is widely believed that China is becoming stronger and stronger now. 人们普 遍认为中国现在变得越来越强大了。 2. From then on, for hundreds of years, the Greeks began to hold the celebrations
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

of the famous games every four years. * from then on from now on * hundreds of years * every four years 3. Only men were allowed to compete in and watch these early games. 只有男士 被允许参加并观看这些早期的比赛。 * compete in 竞赛 That horse has competed in the Grand National for four times. 那匹马已经参加 过四次“英国大赛马” 。 He will compete in the 100-yard dash. 他将参加 100 米短跑比赛。 * be allowed to do sth. allow sb. to do sth. He was allowed to take part in the game. His wife doesn’t allow him to smoke at home. 4. later, women were allowed to watch but they did not compete. * allow …… to do sth. Trains and planes allow the public to travel to faraway places. 5. The modern Olympic Games, which started in Athens in 1896, are the result of the devotion of a French nobleman, Pierre de Coubertin. 1896 年,人们在雅典 举办了现代奥运会,这是一位名叫皮埃尔·德·顾拜旦的法国绅士努力的结 果。 * devotion 热心,专心 devote v. devoted adj. He showed great time and devotion to duty. 他忠于职守, 在工作上投入大量时 间和精力。 Her devotion of time and money to the project is well known. 她在这一项目上 所花费的时间和金钱是众所周知的。 devote to 献身于 devote oneself to 献身于;致力于 devote oneself to reading 专心读书 to 是介词,类似的词组有:look forward to, lead to (导致), pay attention to, listen to, stick to (坚持), object to (反对) * which 引导的是定语从句 He failed the exam, which was natural. Tom arrived half an hour late, which annoyed all his classmates. 6. Since then, young people and athletics from different nations have been going together, which has led to a better international understanding. 自从那时起,来 自不同国家的年轻人和体育运动聚集到一起, 这样更好地加强了国家间的理 解。 * lead to 导致 These evening courses will lead to an academic degree. 读完这些夜校课程可得
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

学位。 This misprint led to great confusion. 这个印刷错误造成很大的混淆。 Smoking cigarettes leads to lung disease. Too much work and too little rest often lead to illness. The road leads to the bus station. His hard work led to his success. lead sb. to 导致某人…. Your explanation has led me to a clear understanding. The street leads you to the post office. lead vt. 领导;带领;引路;牵引 The road leads you to the town. lead the blind across the street Compare: lead, guide direct lead 带路,牵引;走在前头,引到目的地 guide 引着参观,导游;一直陪在一旁,边走边讲 direct 指路;指出方向,不一同去 The usher led him to his seat. 对号员带他找到了座位。 She guided the tourists around the city. 她引着旅游者参观了这个城市。 Could you direct me to the railway station? 你能指给我去火车站的路吗? 7. The Olympic symbol is five interlocking circles colored blue, yellow, black, green, and red, on a white background, representing the five continents. 奥运会 标志是在白色背景上的五个相扣的圆环, 这五个圆环的颜色分别为蓝色、 黄 色、黑色、绿色和红色,代表五大洲。 * representing 为现在分词,作方式状语。 He went out, slamming the door. 他走出去,砰的一声把门带上。 He is a child of fire, symbolizing the Olympic Flame and the passion of sport. 他是火娃,象征奥林匹克之火和运动热情。 8. The International Olympic Committee(IOC) plays an important role in the Olympic Games. 国际奥林匹克委员会在奥运会中扮演重要的角色。 * play the role 扮演角色 Student Unions play a significant role in organizing extracurricular activities. 学 生会在组织课外活动方面扮演重要角色。 We expect parents to play a key role in this discussion. 我们期望父母在这次讨 论中起到重要作用。 Computers are playing an important role in our daily life now. The famous actor plays an important role in the play. 9. Summer and Winter Olympics now alternate every two years. 现在,夏季和冬 季奥运会每两年交替举行。 * alternate 交替,更迭;间隔着穿插
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

John alternated between anger and fright. 约翰时而发怒,时而害怕。 The weather alternated between rain and sunshine. 时而下雨,时而放晴。 10. In February 1998, the IOC made a decision that new sports added to the games must include women’s events. 1998 年 2 月,国际奥委会决定新加入的运动 项目必须包括女子项目。 * make / take / come to / arrive at decision about / on sth. 就某事作出决定 The committee should make its decision later this week. 委员会在本周晚些时候 应该做出决定。 Sometimes managers need to take decisions quickly. 有时候经理需要迅速地作 出决定。 Have you come to a decision yet? 你们决定了吗? Step 7. Read the passage. Step 8. Do Task 3. Step 9. Homework. Ⅰ. Read and go over the passage. Ⅱ. Preview Section 2. Blackboard Design * Olympia n. 奥林匹亚 * Greece n. 希腊 * Greek n. 希腊人 * celebration n. R: celebrate * compete vi. 比赛;竞赛 * devotion n. 献身;奉献 * nobleman n. 贵族 * Pierre de Coubertin 皮埃尔·德·顾拜旦 * athletic n. 体育运动;竞技 * motto n. 格言 * interlocking adj. 连锁的 * background n. 底子;背景 * represent vt. 代表;象征 * continent n. 大洲 * committee n. 委员会 * IOC(International Olympic Committee) * federation n. 联盟;同盟 * organization n. 组织;机构 * equality n. 同等;平等 * economic adj. 经济上的

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

课题序号 授课课时 授课章节 名 称 使用教具

Unit 10 Periods 7 ~ 8 Section 2 in Unit 10 A tape recorder

授课班级 授课形式

教学目的

1. Learn something about the official mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. 2. Train and develop students’ reading ability and skills.

教学重点

Know the main idea of the passage、the usage of some phrases and can do Tasks correctly. 1. In China’s traditional culture and art, the fish and water designs are symbols of prosperity and harvest. 2. As a national treasure and a protected animal, pandas are adored by people everywhere. 3. He is an athlete noted for strength who represents the black Olympic ring. 4. Huanhuan stands in the center of Friendlies as the core embodiment of the Olympic spirit. 5. He excels at all the ball games and represents the red Olympic ring.

教学难点

更新、补充 删节内容 课外作业

教学后记

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Step 1. Greetings. Step 2. Revision. Ⅰ. Read the new words in Passage 1. Ⅱ. Read Passage 1. Ⅲ. Review some points in Passage 1. Step 3. New words and expressions. * official adj. 官方的;正式的 * mascot n. 吉祥物 * swallow n. 燕 * Tibetan adj. 西藏的;藏族的 Tibet n. 西藏 the Tibet Autonomous Region 西藏自治区 * antelope n. 羚羊 Tibetan Antelope * prosperity n. 繁荣 * blessing n. 祝福;祝愿 * gentle adj. (性格)温和的 gently adv. * reflect vt. 反映;表现 * adore vt. 喜爱 * desire n. 愿望 * athlete n. 运动员 * noted adj. 著名的;知名的 * strength n. 力量;力气 * symbolize vt. 象征 * passion n. 激情;热情 * embodiment n. 体现;化身 * outgoing adj. 对人友好的 * enthusiastic adj. 热情的 * excel vi. 突出;超常 * agile adj. 敏捷的 * swiftly adv. 迅速地 * harmony n. 和谐 * selection n. 选择 * determination n. 决心 * track n. 径赛运动 * field n. 田赛运动 * quick-witted adj. 机敏的;反应快的 * traditionally adv. 传统上 * innocent adj. 率真的;单纯的 * joyful adj. 高兴的;快乐的
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

* gymnastics n. 体操 Step 4. Task 1 in Section Two. Discuss with your partner the following questions. 1. Have you ever seen the Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games? 2. What do you know about the Five Friendlies? 3. What does each mascot stand for? Step 5. Task 2 in Section Two. Work in pairs to choose the right image for each of the Mascots. Then read the first character of their Chinese names from left to right, and you’ll get a meaningful sentence. Please translate it into English. Step 6. Read the passage then do Task 3, 4. Step 7. Some points. 1.The Five Friendlies, Beibei, Jingjing, Huanhua, Yingying, and Nini, will serve as the Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games… * serve as 充当 This platform would serve as a port and a railway station. He has served as a teacher in this school for 10 years. 2. In China’s traditional culture and art, the fish and water designs are symbols of prosperity and harvest. 在中国传统的文化艺术里,鱼和水的图案是繁荣、丰 收的象征。 * symbol 象征 The cross is the symbol of Christianity. 十字架是基督教的象征。 The lion is the symbol of courage. 狮子是勇武的象征。 3. Among the Five Friendlies, Beibei is known to be gentle and pure. * be known to 4. As a national treasure and a protected animal, pandas are adored by people everywhere. 作为国宝和受保护的动物,熊猫处处得到人们的喜爱。 * adore 崇拜,倾慕,喜爱 People adore him for his noble character. 人们因他的高贵品质而敬爱他。 He adored his elder brother. 他崇拜他的哥哥。 I adore swimming. 我非常喜欢游泳。 5. He is an athlete noted for strength who represents the black Olympic ring. 他是 一个以力量著称的运动员,代表黑色奥运环。 * be noted for 以??著称,因??而闻名 He is noted for his sense of humor. 他以他的幽默感而闻名。 * represent 代表 This group represents the interests of the workers. 这个小组代表工人的利益。 6. Huanhuan stands in the center of Friendlies as the core embodiment of the
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Olympic spirit. 欢欢位于福娃中间,是奥运精神的核心体现。 * embodiment 体现,化身 * He is the very embodiment of kindness. 他正是仁慈的化身。 7. He excels at all the ball games and represents the red Olympic ring. 他擅长所有 球类运动,代表红色奥运环。 * excel at 擅长于(某项活动)(在某一活动方面表现)杰出 ; He is a writer who excels at coining new words. 他是个擅长创造新词语的作 家。 My brother excels at ball games. You Ming excels at basketball games. Step 8. Read the passage. Step 9. Do Task 4. Step 10. Homework. Ⅰ. Review the passages. Ⅱ. Finish Task 5. (P119) Ⅲ. Translation. 1. the Olympic Games 2. the Olympic motto / symbol th 3. the Mascots of the 29 Olympic games4. the Beijing 2008 Olympic emblem 5. Goodwill Ambassador 6. stand for 7. attend promotional activities 8. act as 9. work as volunteers 10.a qualified Olympic volunteer 11.be equipped with 12.professional skills 13. etiquette knowledge 14.from then on 15.every four years 16.since then 17.lead to 18.play an important role in 19.make a decision 20.add to 21.be noted for 22.excel at 23. ancient times 24. ask for 25. carry a message of 26. be in need of 27. on earth 28. compete in 29. be adored by Ⅳ. Complete the following words. 1. Poets and artists often draw their inspiration (灵感)from nature. 2. My teacher’s influence (影响)made me study science at college. 3. I am sure he is qualified (合格的)for the job. 4. Tom excels (优于,胜过)others in strength. 5. He equals (相等)me in strength but not intelligence. 6. Turkey is the traditional (传统的)food on Thanksgiving Day. 7. They were selected (挑选)from many applicants.
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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

8. He thought it was absolutely (完全地)impossible. 9. He has not determined (决定)what he will study. 10. Jane organized (组织)the party. She asked people to come and bring the food and drinks. Ⅴ. Translate the following sentences. 1. 周末去爬山怎么样? (how about..) How about going climbing this weekend? 2. 我们不容许有这种事情发生。 (allow) We don’t allow such things to be done. 3. 一般人认为城市生活对健康有害。 (it’s believed that…) It is generally believed that town life is unhealthy. 4. 这箱子可当作座椅。 (serve as) This box may serve as a seat. 5. 电脑在帮助我们了解外界信息方面起了非常重要的作用。 (play a role in) Computers play a very important role in helping us know the information outside.

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

课题序号 授课课时 授课章节 名 称 使用教具

Unit 10 Periods 9 ~ 10 Grammar in Unit 10 A tape recorder The Present Participle

授课班级 授课形式

教学目的

The Present Participle 教学重点 The Present Participle 教学难点 更新、补充 删节内容 课外作业

教学后记

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Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Step 1. Greetings. Step 2. Revision. Ⅰ. Read the passages then go over some points. Ⅱ. Dictation. Step 3. Grammar. 1. -ing 分词的构成
–ing 分词是由动词原形加词尾-ing 构成。-ing 分词同样有时态和语态的变化,通常有下 表几种形式(以 do 为例) :

主动形式 一般式 完成式 doing having done

被动形式 being done having been done

–ing 分词的否定形式是由 not 加–ing 分词构成。如: Not knowing his address, I could do nothing but stay at home and wait. 不知道他的地址,我只好在家里等着。 His not coming made all of us angry. 他没来使我们大家都很生气。

2. –ing 分词的一般式和完成式:
–ing 分词的一般式表示和谓语动词所表示的动作同时进行的动作;完成式表示在谓语动 词所表示的动作之前发生的动作。如: Being a student, he was interested in books. 因为没有努力学习功课,他考试不及格。 作为一个学生,他对书本很感兴趣。 Not having studied his lessons very hard, he failed the examinations.

3. -ing 分词的被动式:
–ing 分词的被动式表示它的逻辑主语是–ing 分词动作的承受者。根据–ing 分词动作发生 的时间,–ing 分词的被动式有一般被动式(being done)和完成被动式(having been done)。如: The question being discussed is very important. 他从来没谈起过他被记者采访的事情。 Having been criticized by the teacher, he gave up smoking. 被老师批评以后,他把烟戒了。 正在被讨论的问题很重要。 He never talked about his having been interviewed by the reporter.

注意:在 need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)后,作宾语的–ing 分词常 用主动形式来表示被动含义。如:
Your shoes need cleaning. = Your shoes need to be cleaned. 你的鞋需要清洗一下了。 This book is well worth reading. 这本书很值得一看。

4. -ing 分词的语法作用
–ing 分词一方面具有动词的性质,另一方面也相当于一个名词或形容词、副词,在句中 可以作主语、表语、宾语、定语、状语和补语等。

1)–ing 分词(短语)作主语:
Laying eggs is the ant queen's full-time job. Saying is easier than doing. 在下面两种结构中,–ing 分词也作主语。
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产卵是蚁后的专职工作。 说比做容易。

Unit 10 The Olympic Games

①为了保持句子平衡,通常用作形式主语,而把真实主语放在句末。如: It is no use crying over spilt milk. It's a waste of time arguing about it. ②在 There is no 结构中,通常用–ing 分词。如: There is no joking about such matters. There is no holding back the wheel of history. 这种事开不得玩笑。 历史车轮不可阻挡。 他的爱好是收集邮票。 这个问题很令人困惑。 作无益的后悔是没有用的。 辩论这事是浪费时间。

2) –ing 分词(短语)作表语:
His hobby is collecting stamps. The problem is quite puzzling.

3) –ing 分词作宾语:
①–ing 分词作动词宾语。如: I suggest doing it in a different way. We enjoy attending Miss Li's class. I don’t think it possible living in such a cold place. 我认为住在这么寒冷的地方是不可能的。 Do you consider it any good trying again? I'm against inviting him to dinner. They don’t feel like walking that much. 他去了伦敦,希望能成为一个著名的画家。 你觉得再试一次会有好处吗? 我反对邀请他来吃饭。 他们不喜欢走那么多路。 ③–ing 分词作介词宾语,经常用在一些短语的后面。如: 我建议用另一种方法做这件事。 我们喜欢听李老师的课。

②–ing 分词作宾语也可用在复合宾语中作真正的宾语,而用 it 作形式宾语。如:

He went to London in the hope of being a famous painter.

此类短语还有很多。如:look forward to(渴望,盼望), be proud of(以…… 自豪), be responsible for(对……负责), insist on(坚持), think of(考虑, 想到), dream of(梦想), object to(反对,抗议), hear of(听说), prevent…from (防止,阻止), keep…from(防止,阻止), stop…from(防止,阻止), be engaged in(从事于), depend on(依靠,依赖), thank…for(因……而道谢), excuse…for (因……而道歉), aim at(目的在于), devote…to(献身于), set about(着手做), be/get used to(习惯于), be fond of(喜欢), be afraid of(害怕), be tired of (对……厌烦), succeed in(成功地做……), be interested in(对……感兴趣), be ashamed of(对……感到羞愧)等等。
注意:在有些句子中,介词常可省去。如: I have no difficulty (in) communicating with foreigners. 我在和外国人交谈方面没有什么困难。 He used to spend a lot of time (in) playing games. What can prevent us (from) getting married? 成短语,在句中作状语。如: He left ahead of time without saying a word.
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过去他常花很多时间玩游戏。 有什么能阻止我们结婚?

另外, –ing 分词可以和一些介词如 in, on, after, against, before, by, for, without, besides 等构 他一句话也没说就提前离开了。

Unit 10 The Olympic Games

Besides cooking and sewing, she had to take care of four children. 除了做饭和缝纫以外,她还要照顾四个孩子。 On hearing the news, all the pupils jumped with joy. 听到这个消息后,所有的学生都高兴得跳了起来。

4) –ing 分词作定语:
①单个的–ing 分词作定语一般放在被修饰词的前面。如: reading room sleeping car a waiting car 阅览室 卧车 swimming pool 游泳池 dining car 餐车 飞鱼 singing competition 歌咏比赛 waiting room 候车室 flying fish

一辆等待着的车

a sleeping child 一个酣睡的孩子

the exciting news 令人振奋的消息 Who is the comrade standing by the door? They lived in a house facing south. 它部分分开。如:

a boring speech 令人乏味的演出 站在门边的同志是谁?

②–ing 分词短语作定语应放在被修饰词的后面,也相当于一个定语从句。如: 他们住在一所朝南的房子里。

③–ing 分词还可以作非限制性定语,相当于一个非限制性定语从句,常用逗号和句子其 The words, usually dealing with current work, were mostly written by himself. 歌词一般讲当前的工作,大部分是他自己写的。 When she appeared, John, wearing a dirty and worn-out overcoat, ran to her with joy. 当她出现的时候,约翰穿着一件又脏又破的大衣高兴地跑了过去。

5) -ing 分词做状语:
–ing 分词作状语可以表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况等。 ①–ing 分词短语作时间状语, 相当于一个时间状语从句, 有时可由连词 when, while 引出。 如:While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. Seeing those pictures, she remembered her childhood. Not knowing his address, I can’t send this book to him. 因为不知道他的地址,我不能把这本书送给他。 Many of us, being so excited, couldn’t go to sleep that night. 因为非常激动,那晚我们许多人都没睡着。 ③–ing 分词短语作结果状语。如: His father died, leaving him a lot of money. 她非常生气,把玩具扔在地上,把它摔成了碎片。 ④–ing 分词作伴随状语,可以放在句子的前面、后面或中间,表示主语的另一个、较次 要的动作。如: They stood there for half an hour watching the stars in the sky. 他们在那儿站了半小时,观察着天上的星星。 Following the old man, the young people started walking slowly. 年轻人跟在老人的后面开始慢慢地走起来。
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他一边看书,一边不时地点头。 看到那些画,他想起了她的童年。

②–ing 分词短语作原因状语,相当于一个原因状语从句。如:

他父亲死了,留给他许多钱。

She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breaking it into pieces.

Unit 10 The Olympic Games

⑤–ing 分词间或也可作条件状语和让步状语,相当于一个状语从句。如: A person standing at the foot of a high mountain will find himself very small. 一个人如站在大山的脚下会发现自己很渺小。 Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage. 尽管知道了一切情况,他们还是要我赔偿损失。

注:-ing 分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语就是整个句子的主语。
⑥“with/without+名词普通格或代词宾格+-ing 分词”结构在句中作状语,表示伴随情况 或时间、原因等。如: His hair became grey with the years passing. 随着时间的推移,他的头发变花白了。 Without anyone noticing, he slipped through the window. 没人注意,他从窗户溜了出去。

6) -ing 分词作补语:
①–ing 分词可以在 see, hear, notice, watch, feel, look at, listen to, observe, have, get, leave, keep, set, catch, find 等动词后面和一个名词或代词构成一个复合宾语,作宾语补语。如: I noticed a man running out of the bank when I got off the car. 我下车的时候注意到一个男人匆匆忙忙地从银行里跑出来。 Last night the shopkeeper caught a child stealing some food in the shop. 昨晚,店主在商店里抓到一个小孩在偷东西。 ②上面这类句子也可变成被动语态,这时,–ing 分词可看成是主语补语。如: We were kept waiting for quite a long time. Jily was never heard singing that song again. 让我们等了好长时间。 人们再也没有听到吉丽唱这首歌了。

5. -ing 分词的复合结构:
–ing 分词的复合结构通常由物主代词、 人称代词宾格、 名词所有格或者名词的普通格+-ing 分词构成,在句子开头时必须用物主代词和名词所有格,通常在句中作主语和宾语。如: His coming made us very happy. He was awakened by someone’s knocking at the door. 他的到来使我们大家都很高。 他被某人的敲门声吵醒了

6. 高中阶段常见的能接-ing 分词作宾语的动词:
mind(介意), suggest(建议), enjoy(欣赏, ), admit(承认), appreciate(感 激,欣赏), avoid(避免), delay(推迟), dislike(不喜欢,厌恶), escape(逃脱), finish(完成), forgive(宽恕), imagine(想象), keep(保持), miss(错过), practise (训练), resist(抵抗,抵制), risk(冒险), deny(拒绝,否认), consider(考虑) 等。

7. -ing 分词的疑难问题
1) -ing 分词作表语的两种不同含义:
①-ing 分词作表语可以表示主语的内容是什么。如: Their job is building houses. 真正的问题是了解人民的需要。 ②–ing 分词作表语还可以表示主语所具有的特征。如: This story is very interesting.
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他们的工作是盖房子。

The real question is getting to know the needs of the people.

这故事很有趣。

Unit 10 The Olympic Games

The problem is quite puzzling.

这个问题很令人困惑。

2) –ing 分词作定语的两种不同含义:
①–ing 分词作定语可用来说明被修饰的名词的用途和性能。如: reading material flying suit 阅读材料 飞行服 walking stick writing table 手杖 写字台 fishing pole listening practice 鱼杆 听力训练

②-ing 分词作定语还可以表示所修饰的人或物的动作或状态,在意思上接近一个定语从 句,可以表示正在进行的动作,也可表示经常性动作或当时的状态。如: developing countries = countries that are developing a growing city = a city that is growing an ordinary-looking house = a house that looks ordinary a touching story = a story that is touching working people= people who are working 发展中国家 发展着的城市 看起来很普通的房子 一个动人的故事 劳动人民

3) 高中阶段常见的带介词 to 的短语,后接-ing 分词或名词。如:
admit to(承认), contribute to(捐助、贡献), get down to(着手做), give way to(让位于) ,keep to (坚持、遵守), lead to (导致),look forward to(期待), take to(从事), turn to (求助于), stick to(忠于、坚持), point to(指向、表明), see to (注意、处理), be used to (习惯于), devote oneself to (献身于), be equal to (胜任的、等于), be familiar to (为……熟悉). 高中阶段有一些固定的-ing 分词短语,如 generally speaking(一般来说), judging from… (根据??来判断), considering…(考虑到??), talking of…(谈到??,提到??), supposing…(假如??)等,它们的逻辑主语和句子的主语不一致。这种短语可以被称之为 句子的状语,也可当作一个插入语。如: Judging from his accent, he must come from Canada. 从他的口音看他一定来自加拿大。 Considering how poor he was, we decided to let him attend the concert for free. 考虑到他是多么的穷,我们决定让他免费听音乐会。

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