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英语:Unit3《Life in the future》Warming Up & Reading-Language Points课件(新人教版必修5)

英语:Unit3《Life in the future》Warming Up & Reading-Language Points课件(新人教版必修5)


Section Ⅱ Warming Up & Reading-Language Points

重点难点探究

词汇精研 1 FIRST IMPRESSIONS 第一印象

品味经典 ①They say that first impressions are very important. 他们说第一印象是很重要的。 ②He left a good impression on me. 他给我留下了很好的印象。 ③The new teacher made a good impression on the students. 新教师给学生留下了一个好印象。 ④For some reason she got the impression that you didn’t like her. 由于某种原因,她的印象是你不喜欢她。

⑤Tell me your impressions on the whole text. 告诉我你对整篇文章的感想。 ⑥The thief had left a series of impressions of his feet in the garden. 小偷在花园里留下一串脚印。

自我探究 impression n.[C] 印象;感想;印记。

leave/make a/an...
impression on sb.给某人留下……的印象。

归纳拓展
impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记;印;打动 impress...on...把??印在??上 impress sth.on/upon sb.=impress sb.with sth. 使?某人?铭记?? be impressed on one’s mind/memory被印在脑海里

⑦The boy has impressed his doctors with his courage and determination. 这个男孩的勇气和决心给医生们留下了深刻印象 。 ⑧My father impressed on me the value of hard work. =My father impressed me with the value of hard work. 父亲要我铭记努力工作的重要性。 ⑨My teacher’s words are strongly impressed on my memory.老师的话深深印在我的记忆中。

牛刀小试 (1)The ________ on his face told me that he was angry. A.impression B.sight C.appearance D.expression 解析:选D。考查词义辨析。句意为:他脸上的表 情告诉我他生气了。A项表示“心里留下关于某事 、某人的印象”, B项表示“视力、情境”, C项 表示“表面、外表”,而D项意为“表达、词组” ,但其也可引申为a look on a person’s face“表情 ”,故选D项。

(2)(2011 年 泰 安 高 二 检 测 )She spoke very confidently because she wanted to make a great ________ on her employer. A.influence B.pressure C.impression D.effect 解析:选 C 。考查词义辨析。根据语境“她说话 非常自信,因为她想给雇主留下一个好印象”可 知应选C项。make a great impression on...给?? 留下好印象。 influence“影响”; pressure“压 力”;effect“影响”都不符合语境。

2 I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year.

我依然无法相信我是在接受去年我赢得的奖励。

品味经典 ①In order to get the job,I’ve to take up his suggestion. 为了得到这份工作,我只好接受他的建议。 ②She took up his offer of a drink. 他请她喝一杯,她接受了。

自我探究
take up意为接受,是动副搭配。take up a challenge接受挑战。

归纳拓展
?1?take up的其他意思:拿起;开始?从事?;继续;占据?时间或空间?;着手处理 ?2?take apart拆开?机器?等 take away拿走,夺去 take back收回?说错的话? take down取下;记下;拆卸 take in接受;吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗 take on承担;呈现;开始雇用 take off拿走;脱下?衣帽等?;起飞;开始成功 take over占据;接任?职位?

③He takes up a pen and writes down his name. 他拿起笔来写下自己的名字。 ④I have taken up teaching since I graduated from university. 我大学毕业后就从事教学工作。 ⑤Let’s take up the text where we finished yesterday. 我们从昨天停下的地方继续学课文。

⑥Writing the paper took up most of the weekend. 写那篇论文占去了周末的大半时间。 ⑦His only reason for investing in the company was to take it over. 他投资这家公司的唯一理由就是要接管它。 ⑧Lacking necessary social experience,teenagers tend to be taken in by ill people. 由于缺乏必要的社会经验,青少年很容易被坏人 欺骗。

牛刀小试 (1)(2009年高考安徽卷)We tried to find a table for seven,but they were all ________. A.given away B.kept away C.taken up D.used up 解析:选 C 。句意:我们想要找一个七人餐桌, 但它们都被占用了。give away泄露;分发;keep away使离开;use up用尽,均不合题意。take up 占据,符合题意。

(2)After studying in a medical college for five years,Jane ________ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A.set out B.took over C.took up D.set up 解析:选 C 。考查动词短语辨析。句意:简在医 学院学了五年后,在乡村从事医生工作。 A 项“ 着手,开始”;B项“接收,接管”;C项“占据 ,开始从事”;D项“设立,竖立”。

3 I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008.

我必须不断地提醒自己,我真的已经到3008年了


品味经典 ①The doctor reminds me that I should see her

again in two months.医生提醒我两个月后应该再
去看她。

自我探究 remind vt.提醒;使想起。

归纳拓展
remind常用于下列搭配中: remind sb.about/of sth.使某人想起或意识到某事;提醒某人某事 remind sb.to do sth.提醒某人做某事 remind sb.+? that? /wh-从句提醒某人某事;使某人想起某事

②This song reminds me of my childhood.
这首歌曲使我想起了我的孩提时代。

③He reminded the children to wash their hands.
他提醒孩子们去洗手。

牛刀小试 单项填空 (1)In our childhood,we were often ________ by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners. A.demanded B.reminded C.allowed D.hoped 解析:选 B 。考查词义辨析。句意:我们小时候 祖母经常提醒我们注意吃饭时的礼仪。remind“ 提醒;使想起”符合语境。demand“要求”,不 用于demand sb.to do的结构中。allow“允许”, hope“希望”不符合语境。

完成句子 (2)提醒我今晚买些牛奶。 ________ me ________________ some milk tonight. 答案:Remind;to buy (3)那使我想起了上周我听到的一个笑话。 That ________ me ________ a joke I heard last week. 答案:reminds;of

4 At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.

开始的时候,新的环境让我难以忍受。
(1)surroundings

品味经典 ①The house is situated in very pleasant

surroundings.
这所房子所处的环境非常优美。

自我探究
surroundings n.[pl.]环境;周围的事物。

归纳拓展

surrounding adj.周围的;周边的 surrounding areas周边地区 be surrounded by/with...被??环绕着;周围都是 ?? ② Police are still searching the town and surrounding areas for the child. 警察仍在小镇及周边地区搜寻那个小孩。

易混辨析

surroundings,environment
surroundings 专指自然环境,从周围的事物这一

客体着眼。
可指自然环境,也可指精神环境,

environment 均从环境对人的感受、道德及观念 的影响着眼。

③The children grew up in beautiful surroundings but not in a happy home environment.

孩子们在美丽的环境中长大,但是却缺少一个幸
福的家庭环境。

牛刀小试 (1)Everyone involved in the filming has enjoyed working in such beautiful ________. A.surrounding B.surroundings C.situation D.conditions 解析:选 B 。考查词义辨析。句意:每一个参与 电影拍摄的人都喜欢在这么漂亮的环境中工作。 surrounding 是 形 容 词 , 意 为 “ 周 围 的 ” ; situation“情况”; conditions“条件”都不合语 境。

(2)tolerate 品味经典 ①I cannot tolerate her rudeness. 我不能容忍她的粗鲁无礼。 ②As taxpayers,they felt that they could no longer tolerate not having a say in the government. 作为纳税人,他们对于在政府没有发言权感到不 能再容忍。

自我探究
tolerate vt.容忍;忍受。 注意:tolerate后接名词、代词、动名词作宾语, 不接动词不定式。

易混辨析 tolerate,bear,stand,put up with “容忍;忍受”。特别用于忍受某人或某 tolerate 种行为而不反抗,语气最弱。 “忍受”。强调忍受者对痛苦、忧虑、烦 bear 恼以及责任的承受力(常用于否定句中)。 “忍受,顶住”,多用于口语中,常用于 stand 否定句中,若用于肯定句,则意为“不屈 不挠,经受得起”。 put up 与tolerate意义相近,有“不计较,将就 with ”之意,多用于口语。

牛刀小试 (2)Would you slow down a bit , please? I can’t ________ you. A.keep up with B.put up with C.come up with D.tolerate 解析:选 A。考查词语和短语辨析。句意:你能不 能走得慢一点,我跟不上你。keep up with在这里 意为“跟上”。put up with“容忍,忍受”;come up with“想出”; tolerate“容忍,忍受”都不符 合语境。

5 Hit by a lack of fresh air,my head ached.
由于缺乏新鲜空气,我感到头痛。

品味经典 ①A lack of food caused her to grow weak. 缺乏食物导致她长得很弱。 ②He has got a bad headache through lack of sleep. 因缺乏睡眠他患上了严重的头痛。 ③He did not finish his schooling because of lack of money.由于缺钱,他没有完成学业。

自我探究
lack n.[U,C] 缺乏;短缺的东西。

归纳拓展 (1)for/through/due to/because of lack of...因缺乏 …… (a) lack of...……的缺乏 (2)lack vt.& vi.缺乏;缺少 lack+n.缺乏……;没有…… lack wisdom/common sense/money缺乏智慧/常识/ 金钱 lack for sth.缺某物(常用于否定句) lack for nothing一无所缺

be lacking in sth.缺乏(某种品质、特点等);不够 …… ④Lacking confidence,Tom missed a couple of opportunities to get the job. 由于缺乏自信,汤姆错失了好几次得到工作的机 会。 ⑤They are so rich that they lack for nothing. 他们非常富裕,什么也不缺。 ⑥I don’t think Jim is a good employee because he is lacking in patience. 我认为吉姆不是一个好的雇员因为他缺乏耐心。

牛刀小试 (1)(2009年高考山东卷)—He says that my new car is a ________ of money. —Don’t you think those words are just sour grapes? A.lack B.load C.question D.waste 解析:选 D 。句意: —— 他说我的新车是浪费钱 。 —— 你不认为这是吃不到葡萄说葡萄酸吗? lack 缺乏; load 负担; question 问题; waste 浪费 。

(2)Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a ________ of exercise. A.limit B.lack C.need D.demand 解析:选 B 。句意:健康问题与不良的饮食习惯 和缺乏锻炼密切相关。lack作名词时常构成a lack of短语。

6 Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation,Wang Ping appeared. 就在我努力地调整自己去适应新环境时,王平出 现了。

品味经典 ①Moving to the city has been a difficult adjustment for us. 搬到城市里住对我们来说是个艰难的适应过程。 ②We’ve had to make some adjustments to our original plan. 我们不得不对我们最初的计划进行一些调整。 ③His adjustment to the company was effective. 他对公司的调整很有效。

自我探究 adjustment n.[C,U]调整;调节。

归纳拓展

?1?make adjustments to调整;调节 ?2?adjust vt.调整;调节;使适合;使适应 adjust oneself to sth.使自己适应?? adjust to ?doing? sth.适应?做?某事

④You can feel free to adjust the seat. 你可以随意调整座位。 ⑤My eyes had to adjust to the darkness inside. 我的眼睛不得不去适应里面的一片漆黑。 ⑥She must learn to adjust herself to life in New York. 她必须学会适应纽约的生活。

牛刀小试 (1)(2011年金华高二检测)The new tax would force companies to ________ energy-saving measures. A.adopt B.adjust C.adapt D.accept 解析:选 A 。考查词义辨析。句意:新税收将迫 使企业采取节能措施。 adopt“采取;收养”; adjust“调整;调节”; adapt“改造;适应”; accept“接受”。

(2)(2011 年 宜 春 高 二 检 测 )Since everything develops,we have to make adjustment ________ the changing situation. A.at B.on C.to D.through 解析:选 C 。考查 adjustment 的介词搭配。句意 :既然一切都在发展,我们不得不对日益变化的 形势做出调整。 make adjustment to 调整;调节 。其余搭配形式都不对。

7 However,I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. 但是,当我们到达一个看起来像巨大市场的地方 的时候,王平不见了。因为很多来自四面八方的 气垫车都从身边飞过。

品味经典 ①Because of the thick fog we lost sight of the

road in front of us.
由于大雾我们看不清前面的路。

自我探究 lose sight of意为看不见;忘记,忽略。sight用作 不可数名词时,意思是“视力;目光”。作为可 数名词时,意为“景物,景象;风景,名胜(常用 复数)”。 ②Last summer we had seen the sights of Beijing. 去年夏天我们游览了北京的名胜。

归纳拓展
?1?come into sight进入视野内,映入眼帘 go out of sight从视野中消失 get/have/catch sight of看得见,发现 lose one’s sight失明 ?2?at first sight乍一看 at the sight of一见到???就??? out of sight看不到 in/within sight在视野内

牛刀小试 完成句子 (1)凯特挥着手直到那辆车看不见为止。 Kate waved until the car was ________________. 答案:out of sight (2)汽车驶过时瑞克看见了司机的脸。 Rick ________________ the driver’s face as the car raced by. 答案:caught sight of

(3)六年前他开始失明。

He began to ________________ six years ago.
答案:lose his sight

(4)我妹妹一看到昆虫就会哭。
My sister usually cries ________________ insects.

答案:at the sight of

单项填空 (5)At the railway station , the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was ________. A.out of sight B.out of reach C.out of order D.out of place 解析:选 A 。句意:在火车站,那位母亲挥手和 女儿告别,直到火车离开视线。out of sight意为 “ 看 不 见 ” , 表 示 状 态 , 符 合 题 意 。 out of reach“手不能及,非某人能力所及 ”; out of order“出故障;工作不正常”;out of place“不 在适当的地方;不适当的”。

8 Then Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen,and a table and some chairs rose from under the floor as if by magic. 然后王平快速触动电脑屏幕上的一个开关,接着 一张桌子和几把椅子就像变魔术似地从地板下升 了起来。

品味经典 ①There is a switch on the wall for turning on the lights. 墙上有一个电灯的开关。 ②Could you switch the TV over? 请你换个电视频道好吗?

自我探究 switch n.[C]开关;转换 vt.转换 vi.改变;打开 (或关掉)开关。 归纳拓展
switch off关?电灯、机器等? switch on开?电灯、机器等? switch from...to...由??转变为?? switch over转换,换频道

③I parked the car and switched off the engine. 我停好车并关掉了发动机。 ④Developing countries can do this if they switch from importing food to producing it. 如果发展中国家从进口粮食转变到生产粮食,他们 就能做到这一点了。 ⑤Then I get up,go downstairs and switch on the TV in the living room.然后我起床,下楼,打开客 厅的电视。

牛刀小试 (1)(2011 年 济 南 高 二 检 测 )At first , the speaker was referring to the problem of pollution in the country but halfway in his speech,he suddenly ________ to another subject. A.devoted B.switched C.attached D.transmitted

解析:选B。考查动词词义辨析。switch to改变成

??;transmit to传输,传送到(某地);devote to
献身于??; attach to 附加上。句意:起初,发

言人讲的是国家的污染问题,但讲着讲着,他突
然改变成另一个话题了。

(2)You drive first and then we’ll ________. A.switch on B.switch off C.switch over D.switch in 解析:选C。考查switch所构成的固定短语。根据 句意“你先驾驶,过一会儿咱们再换着开”可知 应选择 C 项。 switch over 在此意为“转换,变换 ”,其他选项均不符合题意。

句型巧析 9 At first my new surroundings were difficult

to tolerate.
开始的时候,新的环境让我难以忍受。

品味经典 ①The book is easy to understand.这本书容易理解 。 ②The problem is difficult to settle.这个问题难以 解决。

归纳拓展 本句属于“sb./sth.+be+adj.+to do”句式, 在这一句式中,主语与不定式之间在逻辑上是 被动关系,但形式上却用主动形式表示被动意 义。 常 用 于 该 结 构 的 形 容 词 有 : easy , hard , difficult,interesting,heavy,pleasant,good, comfortable,dangerous等。

牛刀小试 (2010 年高考四川卷 )In many people’s opinion , that company , though relatively small , is pleasant ________. A.to deal with B.dealing with C.to be dealt with D.dealt with 解析:选 A 。考查不定式主动表被动。在某些形 容词后经常用不定式的主动形式表被动,此时, 不定式动作和句子的主语存在动宾关系。又如: The apartment is comfortable to live in.

译文助读

FIRST IMPRESSIONS
Spacemail: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com 15/11/3008 (Earthtime) Dear Mum and Dad, I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year.I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD 3008.Worried about the journey,I was unsettled for the first

few days.As a result,I suffered from “time lag”. This is similar to the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period.So I was very nervous and uncertain at first.However,my friend and guide, Wang Ping,was very understanding and gave me some green tablets which helped a lot.Well?known for their expertise,his parents’ company,called “Future Tours”,transported me safely into the future in a time capsule.

I can still remember the moment when the space stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening.The seats were comfortable and after a calming drink,we felt sleepy and closed our eyes.The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming.A few minutes later,the journey was completed and we had arrived.I was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future.What would I find?

At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.The air seemed thin,as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.Hit by a lack of fresh air,my head ached.Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation,Wang Ping appeared.“Put on this mask,”he advised.“It’ll make you feel much better.”He handed it to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for a rest.I felt better in no time.Soon I was back on my

feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.These carriages float above the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat,you can move swiftly.Wang Ping fastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it.Soon I could fly as fast as him.However,I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions.He was swept up into the centre of them.Just at that moment I had a “time

lag” flashback and saw the area again as it had been in the year AD 2008.I realized that I had been transported into the future of what was still my hometown! Then I caught sight of Wang Ping again and flew after him.

Arriving at a strange?looking house,he showed me into a large,bright clean room.It had a green wall,a brown floor and soft lighting.Suddenly the wall moved-it was made of trees!I found later that their leaves provided the room with much?needed oxygen.Then Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen,and a table and some chairs rose from under the floor as if by magic.“Why not sit down and eat a little?”he

said.“You may find this difficult as it is your first time travel trip.Just relax,since there is nothing planned on the timetable today.Tomorrow you’ll be ready for some visits.”Having said this,he spread some food on the table,and produced a bed from the floor.After he left,I had a brief meal and a hot bath.Exhausted,I slid into bed and fell fast asleep. More news later from your loving son, Li Qiang

第一印象 太空邮件: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com 15/11/3008 (地球时间) 亲爱的爸爸妈妈: 我仍然不能相信我是在接受去年获得的这个奖励 。我得不断提醒自己,我真的已经进入到公元 3008年了。我很担心这次旅行,所以头几天心里 总是不踏实。

结果,我得了“时间滞后症”。这就与你们乘坐 飞机会产生时差反应相似,所不同的是,在你们 脑子里似乎会不断闪现以前的时光。因此,我一 开始就感到神经紧张和心神不定。但是,我的朋 友兼导游王平很细心体贴,给了我几粒绿色药片 ,倒是挺起作用的。他父母的公司叫做“未来之 旅”,以其专业技术而闻名,用时间舱平安地把 我送入了未来。

我仍然记得女乘务员让我们都进入时间舱,我们 都通过一个小入口爬进去。座位很舒适,喝了点 镇静剂以后,我们感到很困,就闭上了眼睛。时 间舱在轻轻地左右摇晃,我们放松地躺在那里做 梦。几分钟以后,旅程结束,我们到了。我仍然 在地球上,但是进入了未来的一千年。我会看到 什么呢?

一开始,新的环境很难忍受。空气似乎很稀薄, 好像在混合的气体中剩下的氧气很少。由于缺乏 新鲜空气,我感到头痛。正当我努力调整自己适 应新环境时,王平出现了。“把这个面罩戴上, 它会使你感觉好得多。”他建议说。他把面罩递 给我,然后把我快速带到一个附近的小房间里休 息。我立刻就感到舒服些了。一会儿我就又恢复 了,跟着他去领取了一台由电脑驱动的汽垫车。 这些汽垫车是在地面上漂浮着的,只要把座位打

弯或压下,你就可以迅速地移动。王平给我系好 安全带并且教我如何使用。很快,我就跟王平飞 得一样快了。但是,当我们到达一个看上去像是 大市场的地方时,王平不见了,因为很多汽垫车 都四面八方地从身边飞奔。他被卷入到这群车队 中去了。就在这个时候我得了一次“时间滞后” 的回闪,这样我就再次看到了公元2008年的那个 地区了。我这才意识到我被送到了未来,但却仍 然在自己的家乡!然后我又看见了王平,于是又 跟在他后面飞去。

来到一个形状奇怪的房子面前,他把我带到一个 明亮而洁净的大房间。那里有绿色的墙,棕色的 地板,柔和的灯光。突然,墙壁移动了——原来 是树形成的!后来我才发现,就是这些树的叶子 为这栋房屋提供了急需的氧气。然后王平在电脑 荧屏上闪了一下开关,于是一张桌子和几把椅子 就像变魔术一样从地板下面升了起来。“为什么 不坐下来吃点东西呢?”他说道,“你第一次做 这样的时间旅行,可能会感到有些困难。今天时 间表上没有任何出行计划,你可以好好休息一下 。明天你还要准备参观几个地方。”说完这些,

他把食物摆在桌子上,又从地板下拿出一张床来 。他离开后,我简单地吃了些东西,洗了个热水 澡。我感到筋疲力尽,溜到床上就睡着了。 以后再谈吧! 你们亲爱的儿子, 李强


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