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牛津高中英语模块二 Unit 1

牛津高中英语模块二 Unit 1


晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 1

Unit 1
句型公式

Tales of the unexplained
晨背佳句〃日积月累

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1.By the time+从句+主句+完成时 By the time you came back,I had finished this book. 到你回来的时候,我已经读完了这本书。 By the time of next year,you will have become college students. 到明年的这个时候,你们已经成为大学生了。

晨背佳句·日积月累

Unit 1

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2.Each/Every time+从句+主句 Each time he comes to Xi’an, always drops in on me. he 每次他来西安,他都来看我。 3.Where 从句+主句 Farming is difficult or impossible where there is no rain. 在没有雨水的地方,农业是困难的或不可能的。

晨背佳句·日积月累
交际用语

Unit 1

1.you really look sharp today:someone dresses well and attractively 你真漂亮;你真时髦 You really look sharp today in your new suit. 穿上新衣服你真好看。 2.no way:to say that you’ll definitely not do something 不(表断然拒绝);没门 —Can I borrow your car? —No way! ——我能借用你的汽车吗? ——不行!

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.occur vi.发生→occur to 想起 2.amazing adj.令人惊奇(惊叹)的→ to one’s amazement 令某人惊讶的是→ in amazement 惊讶地 3.evidence n.证据→It is evident 来 that...很显然?? 4.laughter n.笑,笑声→burst into laughter 突然大笑起

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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5.base n.基地,大本营;底部;基础;vt.以??为基础 →base ... on ...以??为基础 6.exist vi.存在→come into existence 出现;产生 7.disagree vi.不同意→disagree with 和??意见不同 8.convince vt.使确信→convince sb.

of ...使某人相信??

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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B

构词记忆法 → puzzle vt.使困惑 adj.可能的

1.puzzled adj.困惑的,茫然的→ puzzling adj.令人困惑的 2.disappear vi.消失;失踪→ appear vi.出现 3.possibility n.可能性→ possible 4.humour n.幽默→ humorous adj.幽默的

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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5.strength n.力量,力气→ strengthen vt.加强 6.survive vi. & vt.生存;挺过(难关)→ survival n.幸存; 残存 7. organize vt.组织, 筹备; 安排, 处理→ organization n. 组 织 8.examine vt.检查→ examination n.考试;考查

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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C 语境助记 There exist many unexplained, puzzling and even amazing phenomena. They are mysterious incidents. Some people witness something similar to UFO.They are convinced space creatures. by the evidence that there’s possibility of the existence of outer

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

学情自测 根据句意用框中所给词的适当形式填空 convince, amaze, appear, puzzle, strong, survive, witness, exist, occur, possibility 1.She was still waving as the train disappeared from view. 2.She had a puzzled look on her face. 3.Unfortunately, computer errors are a common occurrence . 4.Aerobic exercises strengthen the heart.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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5.There were only two

survivors

of the plane crash.

6.More than twenty witnesses will be called. 7.It is possible to see as far as Corsica on a clear day. 8.Sudan came into existence at the end of the 1800s. 9.She will demand convincing evidence before she adopts a new theory. 10.To my amazement ,he actually refused to help me.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.show

up 出现,现身

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show off 炫耀 2. take charge of 负责,掌管 3.make up 编造,杜撰;构成 make out 辨认出 4.look into 调查 look up 查找 5.belong to 属于

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

6. make one’s way to 前往,到??去

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find one’s way 找到路
7.believe in 相信;信仰 8.dream of/about 梦想

dream a ...dream 做了一个??梦
9. run after 追;追赶

be after 追求 10.step up 加紧,加强,促进

基础梳理·授之以渔
学情自测 选词填空

Unit 1

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take charge of, dream about, step up, show off, make up 1.We will be Stepping up our efforts to prevent further pollution. 2.He likes to Show off how well he speaks French. 3.It was a great relief when Heather arrived and took

Charge of the project. 4.They Made up a little poem and wrote it on a card.
5.They had the kind of house we could only Dream about .

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1.Police in America have stepped up their search for a fifteenyear- boy who went missing three days ago old (他三天前失踪了)in Dover,New Hampshire. 2.Witnesses also say they saw Justin walking towards his

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house (他们看到贾斯廷朝他家走去)at 10∶45 p.m.
3.There’s really no hard evidence (外星人劫持了他). 4.Standing inside were (里面站着)lots of strange creatures with white skin and large black eyes.

that aliens took him

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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5.The aliens took me aboard the UFO so that they could

do research on me (以便他们能够对我进行调查). 6. I haven’t been sleeping well (我一直没睡好觉)since I
returned home. 7. When asked about the possibility (当被问及可能性的时 候 )that Justin was taken by aliens , Detective Sam Peterson,...

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

8. We will not give up until out what happened.

(直到??才会放弃)we find (他一踏足那里), said, he

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9. As soon as he set foot there mankind.’

‘That’s one small step for (a) man,one giant leap for 10.So, while we have not dismissed the idea (尽管我们不 排除这种想法), we are looking into other possibilities as well.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

Ⅳ.教材与高考 1.(教材原句)Standing inside were lots of strange creatures with white skin and large black eyes. (2011· 湖南,32)Only after they had discussed the matter for a few hours A.they reached C.they reach
命题思路

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a decision. B.did they reach D.do they reach

本题考查倒装。当把“only +介词短语/副词/从

句”放在句首时,常用倒装句式。这是倒装的其中一种形式。 故答案选 B。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

变式训练 drink!

—It’s nice.Never before

C

such a special

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—I’m glad you like it. A.I have had C.have I had B.I had D.had I

解析 never 为否定词,当把否定词放在句首时,句子常用倒 装语序。且根据句意,应用完成时态。故答案为 C 项。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

2.(教材原句)So, while we have not dismissed the idea, we are looking into other possibilities as well. (2011· 陕西,19) A.Since C.If all of them are strong candidates, B.While D.As only one will be chosen for the post.

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命题思路 考查 while 引导的让步状语从句。while 除了可以 引导时间状语从句外,还可以引导让步状语从句,意为“虽 然;尽管”,这时常将从句放在主句前。故答案选 B。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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变式训练

B

the Internet is of great help, I don’t B.While D.As

think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. A.If C.Because
题意。

解析 while 引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然;尽管”,符合

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

Ⅴ.单元语法自测——现在完成时与现在完成进行时 将方框中的句子填入正确位置 We’re in the dark now. We sometimes have to sit in the dark. I feel a bit stiff. I just couldn’t stop turning the pages. I didn’t come on the train. I’m about halfway through.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 1

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I feel a bit stiff . 2.I’ve driven here. I didn’t come on the train. 3.I’ve read this book. I just couldn’t stop turning the
1.I’ve been driving.

pages.
4. I’ve been reading this book. I’m about halfway through. 5.They’ve cut off the power. We’re in the dark now. 6. They’ve been cutting off the power. We sometimes have

to sit in the dark.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.witness n.sb. who sees a crime, accident, or other event happen 目击者; 见证人; see sth. happen, for example v.to a crime or an accident 看到;目击;见证 a witness to...??的证人(证据) bear witness to/against 为??作证;证明??有罪 witness for 作证,为??辩护 witness to doing...为??作证;出庭证明;证实

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Businesses are witnessing a difficult time,which has in turn produced influence on consumers’ desire to go green. 识产生影响。 (2)Recent years has witnessed a growing social mobility. 近年来人们的社会流动性越来越大。 (3)Many people were shocked by the violent scenes they had witnessed. 很多人被亲眼目睹的暴力场面吓呆了。 (2010· 福建,阅读 C) 企业经历了一段困难时期,这反过来会对消费者的环保意

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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2.assume v.to think or accept that sth. is true but without having proof of it 假定(设);认为 assume sb./sth. to be...认为某人(事)?? assuming (that)...假设??(引导条件状语从句),类似表 达有:providing/supposing that...。 It is assumed that...人们认为??

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Some students assume that I am antitechnology. (2011· 北京,阅读 C) 一些学生认为我反对科技。 (2)Let us assume it to be true. 让我们假定这是真实的。 (3) Assuming (that) it rains tomorrow,what shall we do? 假设明天下雨,我们该怎么办?

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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语境活用 (1) It is assumed that (普遍认为) hard work leads to great success. So we all (2) assume him to be (认为他会) successful. But (3) assuming (假设) he isn’t that lucky, what shall we do to comfort him?

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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3.occur v.to happen; to exist or be found somewhere 出现; 发生;to come into one’s mind 被想到 sth. occurs to sb.某人突然想起某事;某人发生某事 It occurs to sb. that.../to do...某人突然想起??

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)It never occurred to me that you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. 我从未想过你会成功地说服他改变主意。 (2)Didn’t it (2010· 陕西,18)

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occur to

you that he was lying?

你当时没想到他在撒谎吗? (3)The crash occurred only minutes after the plane took off. 空难在飞机起飞几分钟后就发生了。

高频考点·深度探究

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sth. strikes/hits 思考题: 表示“某人想起??”的短语还有: sb.,sb. hits/strikes on sth.,sth. comes to sb.等

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a . Many people believe that life in modern society is becoming more dangerous, but as a matter of fact violent crimes do not occur as often as newspapers suggest. (2011· 北京高三月考) b.Third, there may occur the danger of a leak or an explosion at the power station. (2011· 北京) c.It suddenly occurred to me that the boy might be in danger and I must take measures to help him. (2011· 龙岩一中高三月考)

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

4.base n.the lowest part of sth., especially the part or surface on which it rests or stands;an idea,a fact,a situation etc. from which sth. is developed 根基;底座; 根据;基础;v.to use a particular city, town, etc. as the main place for a business, holiday, etc.以??为基础(根 据) base sth.on/upon...把??建立在??;以??为根据 be based on/upon 以??为根据(基础) on the basis of 在??的基础上

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)His first book to be published next month is based on a true story. 故事写的。 (2)One should always base his opinion on facts. 人们应该总是把观点建立在事实的基础上。 (3)They decided to base their new company in New York. 他们决定把新公司设在纽约。 (2010· 陕西, 19) 他的第一本书下个月就要出版了,这本书是根据一个真实

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5.exist v.to be real, or living or of being present 存在;实 有 exist in 存在于??之中 exist on 靠??为生 There exists/existed...某地有??;存在?? come into existence 产生;成立;开始存在 in existence 存在

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)The danger exists,but knowledge can help human beings to survive. (2) There exists in geography. 有一个解决目前地理问题的好办法。 (3)This is the oldest Hebrew manuscript in existence. 这是现存最早的希伯来语手稿。 (2011· 江西, 阅读 D) a good way to solve the existing problem 危险存在着,但是知识可以帮助人类存活下来。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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6. discount n. amount of money that is taken off the usual an cost of sth.折扣;v. to take an amount of money off the usual cost of sth.;to think or say that sth. is not important or not true 打折扣;认为??不重要,低估 get/give/offer a discount on...在??得到/给予/提供折扣 at a discount 打折

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Shortterm

students

at

Queensland

University

of

Technology cannot use their ID cards to gain a discount fare on BCC public transport. 以获得 BCC 公共交通票价的优惠。 (2)Did you (2009· 江苏,阅读 C) 昆士兰科技大学的短期交流学生不能使用自己的身份证

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give any discount ?

你们打折吗? (3)Police have discounted the possibility that this was a terrorist attack. 警方排除了这是一次恐怖袭击的可能性。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

注意

discount 原意为“不算(在内)”,因而指某物减价出

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售时所减去的那个百分比。中文“折扣”意为扣除所减之百 分比后余下的那个百分比。换言之,中文说九折,英文是 10%discount,而非 90% discount。如:他以八折的价钱买 了这所房子。 (误)He bought the house at a 80% discount. (正)He bought the house at a 20% discount.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

7.award n. a prize such as money, etc. for sth. that sb. has done 奖(品);奖金;v.to make an official decision to give sth. to sb. as a payment, prize, etc.授予;奖励;判给 win the first award 获得一等奖 win/get/receive an award for...因??而获奖 award sb. sth.=award sth. to sb.授予某人某物 be awarded with sth.被授予某物

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Like her mother,Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize, along with her husband,in 1935. (2011· 陕西,阅读 B) 和母亲一样,伊润和丈夫在 1935 年也获得了诺贝尔奖。 (2)He was awarded a medal for being the fastest runner. 他因跑得最快而获得一枚奖章。 (3)The prize is awarded annually. 该奖每年颁发一次。

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高频考点·深度探究
易混辨析 award, prize, reward 一试身手 (1)He gave the boy a reward 名师指津

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of one pound for bringing back (1)award 指奖状或其他表彰 the lost dog. would you spend the money? (3)As an 物, 以表示对授予者的称誉、 (2)prize 指赢得比赛所获得 (2)If you won that prize , how 感谢或鼓励。

award

for your 的奖金或有价值的东西。

回报或酬 excellent service, I present you (3)reward 指悬赏、 on behalf of the company with a 谢。 gold watch.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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8.convince v.to make sb./yourself believe that sth. is true 使 确信;使信服;to persuade sb. to do sth.说服,劝说 convince sb. of sth.使某人相信某事 convince sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事 be convinced of/that...相信??

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)We convinced ourselves to open a second store. (2008· 山东,阅读 C) 我们说服自己开了第二家店。 (2)You’ll need to convince them of your enthusiasm for the job. 你要使他们相信你殷切希望得到这份工作。 (3)I’ve been trying to convince him to see a doctor. 我一直劝他去看病。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

9.survive v.to stay alive despite an injury, illness, war,etc. 幸存,活下来;保存下来;to manage to deal with sth. difficult or unpleasant 设法对付 A survive B A 比 B 活得长 survive sth.幸免于??;从??中活过来 survive on 靠??存活下来
注意 (1)survive 本身已表示“幸存;幸免于”,因而不要加 多余的 in 或 from。 (2)当 survive 意为“比??多活多长时间”时, 用“A survive B by +时间”结构表示。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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语境活用 Mr. Green was the only (1) survivor (幸存者) who (2) survived the earthquake (在地震中幸存). He told us he (3) survived on (靠??生存) a bottle of mineral water. Everyone said his (4) survival (幸存) was a wonder.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 witness,assume,occur,base,exist,discount,award, convince,survive 1.Actually, teaching is an art based 2.Just then an idea occurred to me. 3.All tickets are now available at a discount . 4.Do you know when the new Marriage Law came into on science.

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existence ?

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5.It is generally much work.

assumed

that stress is caused by too a scholarship to do

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6.After graduation he was awarded research.

7.There are concerns that the refugees may not the winter.

survive

8.He witnessed to having seen the man enter the room. 9.I am convinced of his innocence.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.They sell the sweater A.on B.for

C
C.at

a discount of 30 percent. D.with

解析 at a discount of 按??折扣。

高频考点·深度探究

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2.—Why are you so late? —I was halfway when it A.occurred C.happened

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A
B.hit

to me that I had left my

notebook home,so I had to fetch it. D.reminded

解析 It occurred/s to sb. that...意为“某人突然想起??”, 为固定句型。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

3. The

A

for this year’s best actress went to a famous B.prize D.honor

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Chinese woman from Hong Kong. A.award C.reward

解析 句意为:今年的最佳女演员奖由来自香港的一位著名 的中国女性获得。由 award 指对授予者的称誉,可知正确答 案为 A。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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4.We all can go out for a picnic this afternoon— that the others agree. A.to assume C.assume B.assumed D.assuming

D

解析 assuming that...假定??。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5.The movie

B

J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the (2012· 安徽十校联考)

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Goblet of Fire was put on on November 18 this year. A.basing on C.being based on B.based on D.to be based on

解析 句中的 the movie 和 base 之间是被动关系,其实质是 base the movie on J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire,故正确答案为 B。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

6.Many people A.witnessed C.swallowed
解析

A

the car accident,so it was not B.harnessed D.drugged

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difficult to investigate.

句意为:许多人看到了那起车祸,所以不难调查。

witness 目睹,符合题意。harness 控制,利用;swallow 淹没, 吞下;drug 使服毒品。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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7.It is said that this old building has three hundred years. A.existed C.been completed

A

for more than (2011· 安庆检测)

B.appeared D.come into being

解析 exist 存在,是延续性动词,其他三项中的动词都为非 延续性动词,不与一段时间连用,故只有 A 项正确。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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8.After the traffic accident, no one people who were badly injured. A.survive C.was survived

B

except a few

B.survived D.was surviving

解析 由句意分析可知,此处 survive 应表示“幸存”的意 思,是不及物动词,不能用被动语态。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

9.The politician’s speech the man for the job. A.informed C.reminded

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B

the others that he was

B.convinced D.warned

解析

convince sb. that 从 句 , 意 为 “ 使 某 人 承 认 或 信

服??”。 C、 三项分别为“通知”“提醒”“警告”。 A、 D 均不合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

短语与句式 1.due to 由于,作表语或状语

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due adj.欠款的;预定的;到期的
be due to do sth.预期做某事,预定要做某事 be due to sth./doing sth./sb.归因于某事/做某事/某人;欠 某人?? be due for sth.应有;应得到

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Perhaps,but maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. (2011· 浙江,阅读 A) 或许,但是可能也是因为街上警察的短缺。 (2)The meeting is due to start at three. 会议预定在 3 点钟开始。 (3)His absence

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was due to 他的缺席是因为暴雨。

the heavy rain.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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2.show up 到场,出现,露面;显眼;暴露 show in/into 领进(客人等) show out 送出(客人) show sb.around/round 领某人(到处)参观 show off 炫耀;卖弄;显示

on show 在展出

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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(1)The new bucket made conversations with the old one mainly to show off its beautiful looks.(2011· 重庆, 阅读 A) 新桶与旧桶交谈主要是为了炫耀它美丽的外表。 (2)Show the visitors in,will you? 请你把参观者领进来好吗? (3)Peter is keen to

show off

his new car.

彼得喜欢炫耀他的新车。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

3.make up 编造;杜撰;弥补;组成;和解;整理;化妆, 打扮 make up

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for 补偿;弥补

be made up of 由??组成 make out 辨认出;理解;写出 make one’s way for 向前走;前进 make the most/best of 充分利用;尽情享受

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)Two years ago,I decided that I would need to have some kind of extra work to make up for my disability pension. (2011· 浙江,完形) 两年以前,我决定我该做点额外的工作来弥补我的残疾抚 恤金。 (2)Eleven players make up the football team. =The football team is made up of eleven players. 11 个球员组成足球队。 (3)Don’t make up any excuses any more for your coming late.不要再为迟到编借口了。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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4.belong to 属于;是??的成员 belongings n.所有物,财产 belong to 中 to 为介词,后接名词的普通格,不接所有 格;后接代词时用宾格,不用名词性物主代词。 belong to 无被动语态,无进行时。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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(1)The sense of belonging to a group. 属于一个群体的感觉。 (2)We belong to the new club. 我们是这个新俱乐部的成员。

(2011· 湖北,阅读 B)

(3)All the workers belonging to the factory must obey the rule. 这个工厂的所有工人必须遵守这个规定。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

5.Standing inside were lots of strange creatures with white skin and large black eyes.里面站着许多白皮肤、 眼睛又黑 又大的奇怪生物。 句式提取:Standing inside were... 完全倒装的形式有: (1)以 there,here,now,then,such 引导的用来引起人 们注意的句子要倒装。 (2)表示动态的状语,置于句首时,句子要倒装。 (3)表示地点的词语置于句首或强调地点概念时, 句子要 倒装。

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高频考点·深度探究

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注意:上述结构中,当句子的主语为人称代词时,句子谓语 不倒装。
(1)At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River lies Chongqing,one of the ten largest cities in China. (2010· 重庆,33) 在长江和嘉陵江汇合的地方,坐落着中国十大城市之一的 重庆。

高频考点·深度探究

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(2)Hearing the dog barking fiercely,away fled the thief. (2009· 上海,38) 听到狗的狂叫声,小偷逃掉了。 (3)Away ran the prisoner . 那个犯人逃跑了。 (4)Between the two buildings stands a tall tree . 两座楼之间有一棵高大的树。

高频考点·深度探究

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6.The Yeti is said to be a large,hairy animal that walks on two feet like a human being.据说雪人是一种身体庞大, 毛 茸茸的动物,两只脚走起路来像人类。 句式提取:sb.be said to do sth.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

sb.be said to do sth.这一结构是由 It is said that...这一句型结 构转变而来的, sb.be said to do sth.这一句型结构中的不定式 要根据表达的含义用不同的时态和语态: (1)当不定式所表示的动作与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发 生时,不定式用进行时。 (2)当不定式所表示的动作在谓语动词所表示的动作之后发 生时,用一般时。 (3)当不定式所表示的动作在谓语动词所表示的动作之前发 生时,用完成时。 当不定式与主语之间有逻辑上的被动关系时,不定式要用被 动语态, 与此类似的句型结构有: is believed/reported/thouIt ght/expected/known that...。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

(1)It is often said that human beings are naturally equipped to speak. (2009· 全国Ⅱ,6) 经常听人说人类天生就具有说话的能力。 (2)The book is known to have been translated into ten languages. = It is known that the book has been translated into ten languages. 众所周知,这本书已被翻译成十种语言。 (3)The boy is believed to have stolen Tom’s money. =It is believed that the boy stole Tom’s money. 人们认为那个男孩偷了汤姆的钱。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 due to,show off,make up,belong to 1.Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future

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belongs to the welleducated.

2.Finally,after weeks of preparation,I would show off all my hard work in a dance performance. 3.The project had to be abandoned due to government funding. 4.Their father is good at making up bedtime stories. a lack of

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

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Ⅱ.完成句子 1.铃响了宣布这节课结束了。

There goes

the bell announcing the end of the class.

2.据说经理下个月要去纽约。 The manager is said to go to New York next month.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.East of our school electric motorbikes. A.are;that C.is;that B.is;where D.are;where

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A

two companies

make

(2012· 株洲月考)

解析 该句为倒装句, 主语为 two companies, 故谓语用复数; companies 后为定语从句,缺少主语,故用 that。

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2.It is reported that the accident so a lot of money B.due to;was due to C.is due to;was due to D.is due to;due to A.was due to;was due to

A

careless driving,

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be paid by the driver.

解析 由于事故发生在过去, 因此应用过去时。 第一空表“由 于??”;第二空表“预定要??”,故选 A 项。

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Unit 1

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3.—Sorry I’m late again,but I had a flat tyre. —Well,Jim,why not A.look up C.pick up
编造,符合题意。

D

a fresh story?

B.take up D.make up

解析 问句句意为: 为什么不编一个新鲜的故事呢?make up

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Unit 1

4.When he didn’t know how to get out of the building,a boy

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A

him

.

A.showed;out B.showed;in C.showed;around D.showed;off
解析 由从句可知,主句句意为:一个男孩领他出去。show sb.out 领某人出去。

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Unit 1

5.—Is Bob still performing? —I’m afraid not.He is said as he has become an official. A.to have left B.to leave C.to have been left D.to be left
解析 sb.be said 后跟不定式,因 leave 动作发生在谓语动词 之前且表主动,故选 A。

A

the stage already

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 1

6.—

D

does the computer belong to? . (2012· 徐州模拟)

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—It belongs to A.Whose;mine B.Whose;my C.Who;Tom’s D.Who;me

解析 belong to 后接代词时应用宾格。故只能选 D 项。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

写作提升〃步步为赢
如何提建议 一、篇章结构 引出建议→列举建议与理由(→希望) 二、必背套语 1.引出建议可以用: (1)My suggestions are...我的建议是?? (2)Here are my suggestions on how to...下面是我的关 于??的建议

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

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(3)Suggestions on...can be listed as follows.关于??的建议 可以列举如下。 (4)The ways for you to...can be suggested as follows.建议用 于??的方法可以列举如下。 (5)Why not...为什么不?? (6)Finally,you should try to...最后,你应该尽力??

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 1

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2.列举建议可以用: (1)first of all/first/to begin with 首先; second(ly)/then/besides/ in addition 此外;what’s more 而且;finally/lastly 最后;last but not least 最后但同样重要的。 (2)for one thing...and for another (thing)一方面??另一方 面。

写作提升·步步为赢
三、范文欣赏:如何提建议

Unit 1

I’m sorry you are having difficulty in making friends in your new school.However, situation is easy to change if the you follow my advice.Here are my tips to help you. To begin with,why not go and talk to students just like you?I agree this is difficult but that person may be lonely too.If you do this,I am sure you will soon have a new friend.Next, can start your conversation by asking about you their likes and dislikes, which will make you find people with the same interests.Finally,you should try to join in their activities,letting them know how friendly you are. I hope these ideas will be useful to you.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

语篇图解〃答题策略
二、主旨大意题(Ⅱ) 技巧点拨 3.利用篇尾的主题句来概括文章主旨 在某些议论文中,作者首先点出一般的问题或现象,然 后具体阐述正确的方式或自己的观点。等到把一切问题都说 透了,所有论据都摆全了,作者最后用一句话来概括全文, 点明文章的中心。在夹叙夹议类文章中,作者往往先叙述事 情的经过,最后才发表观点,升华文章的主题。这些情况下, 文章的主题就会出现在文章的最后。

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

典例 1 This is what being a winner is all about—creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens.Winners don’t have fewer problems in their lives;they have just as many difficult situations to face as anybody else.39 页. TIF; Z*2, Y]They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents.So, stop focusing on “whose fault it is”. Once you are confident about your power over bad situations,problems are just stepping stones for success.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

50.Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A.A Winner’s Secret B.A Winner’s Problem C.A Winner’s Opportunity D.A Winner’s Achievement
解析 主旨大意题。本文是一篇议论文。本段为全文的最后 一段,是对全文内容的总结。概括本段内容可知,本文主要 阐释了成功人士的秘诀:遇到问题时不是埋怨他人,而是寻 找解决办法,故 A 项“成功者的秘诀”作标题最合适。
答案 A

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

典例 2 My few minutes with Mr. Galbreath changed my life.Now I try to treat everyone with respect,no matter who I think they are,and to meet another human being with kindness and sincerity. 59.What is the message mainly expressed in the story? A.We should learn to be generous. B.It is honorable to help those in need. C.People in high positions are not like what we expect. D.We should avoid judging people by their appearances.

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语篇图解·答题策略

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解析

主旨大意题。本文以记叙为主,在最后一段发表议论

并点题。本段为全文最后一段。由最后一句可知,作者想要 表达的是:对任何人都要真诚、友好,不要以貌取人,故选 D 项。
答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

4.回顾全文来概括文章主旨 做主旨大意题时最棘手的恐怕要数文章中无主题句的 情况。如果没有主题句,考生可以采用提纲挈领法,通过分 析细节把文章的要点归纳出来。尤其是在记叙文中,作者仅 仅叙述所发生的事情或介绍人物,但并不发表自己的观点, 因此主题往往比较含蓄和隐蔽。大家可参考以下方法来寻找 文章的主题:

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

(1)判断出文章的主题究竟是指一个人、一个地方、一件 事情(如某一概念、设想等)还是某一事情的过程或方法。要 注意的是,人、物、地点、思想或过程都可以成为文章的主 题。 (2)读完一篇短文后应有意识地回味一下文章的大致内 容,理一理文章的脉络,体会一下段与段之间的内在联系。 一般情况下经过一番梳理后文章的中心就能概括出来,涉及 文章主旨大意方面的题目自然会在头脑中由模糊变清晰。

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

典例 3 The engineer Camillo Olivetti was 40 years old when he started the company in 1908.At his factory in Ivrea,he designed and produced the first Italian typewriter.Today the company’s head office is still in Ivrea, near Turin, but the company is much larger than it was in those days and there are offices all around the world. By 1930 there was a staff of 700 and the company turned out 13,000 machines a year.Some went to customers in Italy,but Olivetti exported more typewriters to other countries.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

Camillo’s son , Adriano , started working for the company in 1924 and later he became the boss.He introduced a standard speed for the production line and he employed technology and design specialists.The company developed new and better typewriters and then calculators(计算器). 1959 it produced the ELEA computer In system.This was the first mainframe( 主 机 ) computer designed and made in Italy.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

After Adriano died in 1960,the company had a period of financial problems.Other companies , especially the Japanese, made faster progress in electronic technology than the Italian company. In 1978 , Carlo de Benedetti became the new boss.Olivetti increased its marketing and service networks and made agreements with other companies to design and produce more advanced office equipment.Soon it became one of the world’s leading companies in information technology and communications.There are now five independent companies in the Olivetti group—one for personal computers,one for other office equipment,one for systems and services,and two for telecommunications.

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 1

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59.The best title for the text would be A.The Origin of Olivetti B.The Success of Olivetti C.The History of Olivetti D.The Production of Olivetti
解析

C

.

主旨大意题。本文为记叙文,以时间为顺序讲述了

Olivetti 公司的发展历史。只有 C 项符合全文的大意。

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