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黑龙江省哈尔滨市第六中学2016届高三下学期第一次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案

黑龙江省哈尔滨市第六中学2016届高三下学期第一次模拟考试英语试题 Word版含答案


哈尔滨市第六中学 2016 届高三第一次模拟考试 英语试题
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 个小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where did the woman learn English? A. In America B. In Australia C. In Britain

2. How did the woman get to London? A. By plane B. Bu bus C. By car

3. What will the woman eat tonight? A. Cakes B. Pizza C. Sandwiches

4. Why was the man late? A. His alarm clock didn’t work. B. He stayed up late and overslept. C. He forgot to set the alarm clock. 5. What is the woman? A. A waitress B. A teacher C. A student

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 请听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给出的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题。每小题 5 秒钟,听完后各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答 6、7 题。 6. Where are the speakers? A. At a store B. In a library C. In a restaurant

7. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Wait for his call. B. Go to another place. C. Change for something else. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. How old are the students at the Ballet School? A. From 7 to 12 B. From 11 to 16 C. From 12 to 16

9. When does the girl’s dance class begin every day? A. at 7: 00 am B. at 8:30 am C. at 10:30am

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What are in the living room? A. A telephone B. A sofa C. A mirror

11. What do we know about the dining room? A. It’ quite large. B. It has three windows. C. It has a table and three chairs. 12. which room is across from the kitchen? A. The living room B. The bathroom C. The dining room

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What will the woman do tonight? A. Go shopping B. Do her homework C. Check the man’s homework 14. How much money does the woman borrow from the man? A. $30 15. What day is it today? A. Saturday B. Friday C. Sunday B. $40 C. $60

16. How does the woman feel in the end? A. Unhappy B. Nervous C. Pleased

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

17. Why will the speaker be out of the office today? A. She is sick B. She is on a business trip C. She will have an appointment 18. Who is Mr. Johnson probably? A. A manager B. A customer C. A repairman

19. What does the speaker ask Sam to do? A. Fix her broken desk. B. Post her box if possible C. Send an e-mail to Mrs. Wilson 20. What is the relationship between Sam and the speaker? A. Co-wokers B. Husband and wife C. Salesman and customer

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑 A At times my mom has been uncomfortable seeing these qualities in me. For example,when I was 12,I went to Puerto Rico all by myself to stay with my grandmother for the summer. My mom was extremely nervous about it. She kept telling me how things were different in Puerto Rico, to always put on sunscreen, not to wander away from my grandmother, and other warnings. She helped me pack and did not leave the airport until she saw my plane take off. But despite her worries,she let me go on my own. As I moved into my teens,she continued to give me space to grow and learn,even when it might have been difficult for her. When I reached my senior year,I decided to move away for college. Once again I found that I differed from my peers: While many of them wanted to stay close to home, I couldn’t wait to be out in the world on my own. While my mom may not have been happy at the thought of my going away, she was supportive and excited for me. One big thing I realized during my senior year,as my mom granted me more freedom,was that she actually believes in me and trusts me. That means a lot. Most of my life,and especially

when I was little,the main person I tried to impress in my schoolwork or other things was my mother. I knew she expected nothing but the best from me. Sometimes it was hard to live up to her standards;getting a single B on my report card would make me feel bad because I knew she wanted me to have all A’s. I know that her high standards have helped me stay focused on what’s important,like education, and made me who I am. I am thankful for her support and involvement in my life .Most of all I respect her. She is the strongest woman I know and that’s why I have turned out so strong and independent. 21. When the author decided to go to Puerto Rico,his mother________. A.wanted to go with him B.worried about his safety C.didn’t allow him to do so D.asked his grandmother for advice 22. The author decided to move away for college to________. A.be different from his peers B.keep away from his mother C.be independent in the outside world D.make his mother unhappy 23. We can learn from the third paragraph that the author’s mother________. A.had a high expectation of him B.was too strict with him C.used to expect nothing from him D.cared little about his learning 24. In the passage,the author mainly wants to tell us________. A.his long way to becoming independent B.his good relationship with his mother C.the importance of a mother’s trust and support D.his mother’s deep love for him

B

The new high-speed railway line between Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uygur self-governing region, and Lanzhou, capital of Gansu province, has cut train travel time by half to less than 12 hours. The dramatic improvement will benefit many families planning reunions for Spring Festival. “For the first time, I feel home is not that far away after all.” said Liang Shaofu as he boarded a high-speed train in Urumqi with six members of his family. The 35-year-old left Lanzhou to set up a dry fruit business in Xinjiang eight years ago, and he has now settled in Urumqi. The 1,776-km line, which passes through Qinghai province and is the country’s first high-speed railway to be built in a high-altitude region, came into service on Dec 26. “We normally drive home for Spring Festival to avoid the difficulties of buying seven train tickets for the whole family during the peak season.” Liang said. “Driving can be very tiring and dangerous sometimes,so one year we even decided not to go back to Lanzhou simply to avoid the trip.” More than 600,000 passengers traveled on the line during its first month,and the Urumqi Railway Bureau said the introduction of high-speed services will ease transport pressure during the Spring Festival peak season. The existing usual railway line could no longer support Xinjiang’s development. All passenger trains will gradually shift to the new link, leaving the old one to be used for goods. As a result,Xinjiang’s annual goods ability could reach 200 million metric tons from the current 70 million. The line passes through areas that experience high winds, and it also crosses parts of the deserted Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the bone-dry sands of the Gobi Desert. The project could help China to promote its high-speed railway technology abroad,said Ma Xi zhang, director of the Lanzhou-Xinjiang railway project’s management department in Xinjiang. 25. How long did it take to go from Urumqi to Lanzhou by the usual train before? A.about 12 hours C.About 18 hours B.About 6 hours D.About 24 hours

26. What’s the main advantage of the new high-speed railway? A.It takes less time to go from Urumqi to Xi’an.

B.It will be more convenient for people all over the country to Xinjiang. C.All the people in Lanzhou can return home on festivals. D.It helps to improve Xinjiang’s development. 27. From the passage we can learn________. A.Xinjiang’s annual goods ability can increase nearly four times B.the new railway technology may help more railway lines to be built abroad C.the high-speed railway lines can’t be built across the bone-dry sands D.the old railway lines can only carry goods now 28. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A.The new high-speed railway line is good for all people to go home. B.The new high-speed railway line benefits businessmen to carry goods. C.Taking the new train is safer than driving home from Urumqi to Lanzhou. D.Businessmen seldom went home for Spring Festival before.

C

The Campus Bookstore Bookie’s, the campus bookstore is located at the Campus Activity Centre, main floor. Bookie’s is the only place in Kamloops to buy your course textbooks. There is a booklist in the bookstore listing the books required for each course. If you need help in finding your course textbooks, ask any of the staff in the bookstore. There are more than just textbooks at bookie’s. They carry a wide variety of stationary, art supplies and gift items. You can also buy telephone cards, postage stamps and bus passes. You must show your student card to get a discount for the bus passes. TEXTBOOK RETURNS 1) Do I need my receipt to return books? Yes. 2) How long do I have to return books? BUYBACKS 1) What books do you buy back? We buy back all current edition textbooks. If we do not use them at UCC, we buy them back

Books purchased must be returned within ten working days of the date of the purchase. 3) What if I wrote my name in the book? Unfortunately, we can not give you a full refund for books not in mint condition as publishers will not accept this for credit. 4) What happens if I miss the last day for return? We may purchase the text book as “used” in accordance with our Buyback program. 5) W hat if I discover that my book has missing pages half way through the semester? We will replace the defective books, new or used, for a like copy of that title. Cash refunds are not given for defective books returned outside the normal return dates. Bookstore Hours Monday–Thursday Friday Saturday and Sunday 9:00am–6:00pm 9:00am–5:00pm Closed 4) 3) 2)

according to the value established in the North American marketplace. How much do I get for my books? If bookie’s is buying the book for use at UCC, you will receive 50% of the current new retail price. In order to receive optimum buyback price, discs and supplements must accompany the book. What happens to the books that I sell? Books for bookie’s are processed by our staff and sold to students at 75% of the new retail price. What condition do my books need to be in? Books should be in good condition, meaning that the cover is still attached and all pages intact. Highlighting, notes and markings on the pages are perfectly fine. Workbooks and study guides are generally not purchased back unless they are free of all markings. No sales receipt is required for these books.

29.The intended readers of this passage are _______. A. Book dealers B. University students C. Publishers D. Campus staff

30. The underlined word “defective” can best be replaced by ________. A. latest B. adapted C. new D. faulty

31.Bookie’s will not buy back your used textbook if _______. A. the cover of the book is missing C. you have lost the sales receipt B. there are markings and notes on the pages D. you miss the last day for return

32.Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

A. Bookie’s is a place for students to buy their course textbooks. B. Student cards are needed to get a discount for the textbooks. C. Books bought in bookie’s can be returned within ten working days. D. Books bought back are processed by the staff and sold to students. D New data from NASA's Curiosity rover indicate Mars Crater once held an enormous lake. This discovery suggests that the red planet may have been much wetter than scientists thought and raises the possibility that the planet was once habitable. “The size of the lake and the length of time and series that water was showing up implies that there may have been sufficient time for life to develop.” NASA's Mars Exploration Program scientist Dr. Michael Meyer told Reuters. Curiosity collected the new data on its five-mile drive to Mount Sharp, the prime destination on its mission to study Mars' climate and geography. The rover landed in Gale Crater in August 2012. After reaching Mount Sharp in September, the rover spent two months studying rocks at the base of the three-mile-high mountain, discovering fine layers of mudstone--which tend to collect at the bottom of lakes. This shows how a mountain inside a Mars' Gale Crater might have formed. "If our assumption for Mount Sharp holds up, it challenges the idea that warm and wet conditions were passing, local, or only underground on Mars,” Dr. Ashwin Vasavada said in a written statement. “A more radical explanation is that Mars' ancient, thicker atmosphere raised temperatures above freezing globally, but so far we don't know how the atmosphere did that." Vasavada said curiosity will continue to study changes in the rock formation as it climbs Mount Sharp in the next few months, which should test the team's hypothesis.. "We'll also look at the chemistry of the rocks to see if the water that was once present would've been of the kind that could support microbial life, if it ever was present," he said in a video released by NASA. "With only 30 vertical feet of the mountain behind us, we're sure there's a lot more to discover." 33. What does this text mainly talk about? A. How scientists explored Mars. B. The ways Curiosity used to explore Mount Sharp. C. Some data about Gale Crater. D. The discovery of Curiosity rover on Mars. 34. The discovery of the lake proves that _____. A. early Mars was ripe and ready for life B. the climate on early Mars was hot C. life once existed on Mars D. humans can live on Mars

35. Where does this text probably come from? A. A science fiction. B. A science report. C. A news report on solar system D. An official announcement. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 It’s such a common event that you probably never asked yourself why you sleep. ___36___. In fact, for sleep researchers, it’s one of the biggest unanswered questions in the field. Stop and think about it for a second. Why should we sleep? ___37___ . But we sleep every night, even when we have had plenty of rest. There are, no doubt, several different answers to this question, but let’s just consider one general purpose of sleep: ___38___. Human beings are creatures that are normally active during daylight hours, when our senses functions most effectively. ___39___. We can’t see objects well, our color vision is entirely lost, and we don’t have the smelling or hearing sharpness of other animals. So it actually does make sense to have us stay where we are during the dangerous period when night-waking animals are walking here and there. And one sure way to make sure we don’t fall down everywhere and get lost or eaten is to have us not move for seven or eight hours, rising again only when the light is back and our survival chances are better. It’s not the only reason we sleep. ___40___. Perhaps even the most important one. A. Is it because we get tired? B. Should that put human beings in a terrible situation? C. But from a scientific point of view, this is far from an ordinary matter. D. But in terms of evolution, it may have been one of the first reasons. E. Furthermore, if you were designing an animal, would you have it come into long periods of unconsciousness every twenty-four hours? F. Sleep as a survival approach. G. At night, humans do rather poorly.

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I remember when I was growing up being painfully shy. I remember my first time standing in front of people speaking. It was ___41___; my knees were knocking ; my palms were sweating and I thought I was going to __42___. But I got through it at last and kind of enjoyed it. Later I regarded it as a good chance to practice my __43___talent. Now, after many years, the act of speaking in front of people brings me great __44____. Part of life philosophy which allows us to __45___ healthily and creates happiness is how we look at __46___. They are in our life to create growth. Like the ___47___goes“A chain is only as strong as its weakest link.”We get rid of our weakness then we become ___48___. Challenges are given to us so that we can grow ___49___. The question is how we look at them. Looking at the challenges is to see their ___50___ as positive. But many times when we are faced with a problem, we ___51___ it as negative. If we are___52___ in ourselves and see growth opportunities as creating ___53___ changes in our life, they can help us to become stronger, just as how I ___54___ the speech later. We need to recognize challenges have their good functions that can ___55__ us. Once you learn to look upon challenges as opportunities to use a ___56___ perspective and test you, they’ll help you gain strength . They___57___ you good chances to grow healthily. Once you___58___ those challenges, they no longer stay in your life and they’ll disappear. Of course that doesn’t mean you make them disappear without ___59__,but the strength and ___60___ you gain are worth the effort. 41. A. unusual 42. A. pass out 43. A. story 44. A. joy 45. A. talk 46. A. challenges 47. A. word B. common B. move on B. speech B. value B. listen B. fates B. sentence C. uncomfortable C. run away C. article C. purpose C. play C. success C. saying D. normal D. turn away D. work D. dream D. grow D. failure D. example

48. A. stronger 49. A. faster 50. A. reason 51. A. map 52. A. disappointed 53. A. slow 54. A. notice 55. A. benefit 56. A. strange 57. A. throw 58. A. overtake 59. A. emotion 60. A. spirit

B. happier B. better B. outcome B. find B. honest B. unique B. suggest B. push B. new B. direct B. overlie B. time B. wisdom

C. younger C. freer C. aim C. picture C. interested C. common C. regard C. force C. true C. accord C. overlook C. result C. knowledge

D. lovelier D. easier D. action D. imagine D. confident D. positive D. confirm D. attract D. good D. introduce D. overcome D. effort D. virtue

第 II 卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “hello” . After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to change the way I got on ___61___ others. My opportunity came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl ___62___ dropped her books out of her locker ___63___(think) that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to go back ___64___, I forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished picking them up by herself. No one had stopped ___65___ (help) her. “OK”, I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man sitting by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and ___66___ (begin) a conversation. It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every ___67___ (respond) from my new

friend had a tone(语气) of o in it. And who could blame him? People aren’t used to making ___68___ unprepared chat with a stranger. But a change, no matter how ___69___ (desperate) it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I advise you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little ___70___ (bright). Together, we can really make our society come closer as a whole.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Dear Jim, I am so exciting that you will come to China. I will free from December 18 and will have a plenty of time to be together with you. I’ll meet you at the airport and then you can take No. 8 Bus for my home. You worry about the weather here in your email. In fact, the weather here is quite different from it in your city. It isn’t very cold, but you needn’t bring many clothes with you. During your stay here, I’ll take you to some places of interests and you can taste some local snacks. I am sure we will have greatly fun together. I’m looking forward to meeting you soon. Yours, John 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 现在越来越多的人成为“低头族”(phubbing). 请你针对这一现象写一篇演讲稿。要点如 下: 1. 描述低头族现象

2. 发表你的看法 3. 提出倡议 注意: 1.词数 100 左右。 2. 适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

英语 答案:1-20: ACCBC 21-24:BCAC 36-40: CAFGD 41-60:CABAD ACABB CDDCA BCDDB AABCB CBACB AACBA 33-35: DAB

25-28:DDBC

29-32:BDAD

61. with 62. who/that 63. Thinking 64. because/as/since 65. to help 66 began 67. response 68. An 69. desperately 70. Brighter

Dear Jim, I am so exciting(excited) that you will come to China. I will (加 be) free from December 18 and will have a(去掉) plenty of time to be together with you. I’ll meet you at the airport and then you (we)can take No. 8 Bus for(to) my home. You worry(worried) about the weather here in your email. In fact, the weather here is quite different from it(that) in your city. It isn’t very cold, but(so/and) you needn’t bring many clothes with you. During your stay here, I’ll take you to some places of interests (interest)and you can taste some local snacks. I am sure we will have greatly(great) fun together. I’m looking forward to meeting you soon. Yours, John


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