下面这些词汇以后就要在写作的时候少出现了， 其替换方案仅供参考， 旨在激发大家的灵感， 希望诸位今后能够稍加注意， 尽可能多的体现用词的多样性以及准确性。 在此感谢 President （ Luo 以及同学们提供的写作素材） 1，very： pretty, much, quite, greatly, highly, extremely… 2，important： vital, critical, essential, influential, meaningful, prominent, significant…… 3，more and more: an increasing number of, increasingly, on a rise…. 4，think: believe, deem, argue, assume, contend, reckon, maintain, figure, point out, do not mistrust, hold the view that… 5，like: enjoy, be fond of, be in favor of, relish, prefer…. 6，first/second/third: 第一： To start/begin with, on one hand, initially； 第二： Furthermore, in addition, besides, on the other hand, following this, moreover, next; 第三： Last but not least; then, thus, hence, consequently; 7，many/some: most, few, more than, less than, no more than, no less than, the majority of, the minority of, an overwhelming number of 8，and/but: not only…but also, as well as, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, on the contrary, conversely 9，in my opinion: personally, speaking for myself, as far as I am concerned, as to me, from my angle, from my point of view, from my perspective, from my way of thinking 10， Every coin has two sides. / How time flies. … a two-edged sword （双刃剑） Happiness takes no account of time. (欢乐不觉时光过)
1. 越来越：be increasingly +adj.，be on the rise，a growing number 2. 人们认为：it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that 3. 许多问题：a host/ number of problem 4. 引起人们注意：claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth. 5. 意识到：there is a growing awareness（知道）/realization of/that，awaken sb. To the fact/danger 6. 适应的形势/变化：adapt/adjust/accommodate（使适应） oneself to new environment/ change 7. 接触各种思想/经历：be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems 8. 接触社会：come into frequent/close contact with the world/society
9. 获得成功：achieve/accomplish success 10. 提出观点/建议：advance/put forward/come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions 11. 作出努力：make tremendous（极大的）/persistent（持久固的）/sustained（持 续不变的）effort to do sth.，take great pains to do（with work/study） 12. 影响学习：interfere with studies/work 13. 产生影响：have/exert a profound（刻的） influence on life/personality， have a dramatic/ undesirable（令人不快的） effect on 14. 较好地驾驭生活：be a better pilot of one’s life 15. 剥夺机会/权力：deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity 16. 取代：substitute（替代） for/take the place of the old way 17. 采取措施：take effective steps/measures to 18. 控制我们的环境：take/gain increasing control over our own environment 19. 躲避危险/挑战：shy（躲避）/run away from the dangers/challenge 20. 满足要求：meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 21. 补偿损失：compensate for / make up for the loss/damage 22. 解释某现象：account for / explain the phenomenon 23. 对??很好的了解：have a better undrstanding/appreciation of，have a new perspective（观点） on，provide/gain an insight into 24. 把某因素考虑进去： take sth. into account （consideration） give much thought ， to 25. 品位人生/自由青春：savor the life/freedom/youth 26. 培养对??的信心：develop/foster one’s interest/confidence in 27. 经历变化/困难/艰险： undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience 28. 表现出自信心等： project one’s confidence/feeling/image 29. 生活充满不公正的地方：life is full of minor irritation/injustice 30. 追求学习/职业： pursue one’ academic s （理论的） interest/professional career 31. 学习知识/技术：pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill 32. 被看作学习的??榜样：be held up as a good example 33. 交流经验/知识：share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge 34. 发挥/起到重要作用：play an （important/active/great）role/part 35. 逃学/缺课：skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture 36. 知识/经验丰富：rich in knowledge/experience 37. 确立/追求目标：set/pursue a goal/higher standard 38. 到达目标：achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/object
39. 克服困难：overcome obstacles/difficulty 40. 面临危险/困难：be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty 41. 阻碍了成功：stand in the way of success，be an obstacle（障碍）/barrier to success/ growth 42. 阻碍了发展：hamper/impede/stunt the development of 43. 持传统的看法：hold conventional wisdom 44. 发表看法：voice/express one’s opinion 45. 持相反/合理的观点：take the opposite/fresh view 46. 揭穿某种一贯的说法：shatter the myth of 47. 求得帮助：enlist one’s support/help 48. 缩小差别：bridge/narrow/fell the gap/gulf（between city and country） 49. 把成功/错误归咎于：attribute/own the success/failure to 50. 对??重要：be indispensable/important/vital to
经典的替换词： 1.individuals,characters, folks 代替(people ,persons) 2 : positive, favorable, rosy(美好的)，promising(有希望的)，perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding 代替 good 3:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse(有害的)代替 bad 如果 bad 做表语，可以有 be less impressive 代替 4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,many, if not most) 代替 many. 注：用 many, if not most 一定要小心，many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that?.同理 用 most, if not all ,代替 most. 5: a slice of, quite a few , several 代替 some 6: harbor the idea that, take the attitude that; hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替 think(因为是书面语，所以要加 that) 7:affair ,business ,matter 代替 thing 8: shared 代 common 9.reap huge fruits 代替 get much benefit ） 10:for my part ,from my own perspective 代替 in my opinion 11:Increasing(ly),growing 代替 more and more( 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。 所以当修饰名词时用 increasing/growing.修饰形容词，副词用 increasingly. 12.little if anything, 或 little or nothing 代替 hardly
13..benefitial rewarding 代替 helpful; be beneficial of 14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 代替 customer 15.exceedingly,extremely 代替 very 16. hardly unnecessary, hardly inevitable ... 代替 necessary, inevitable 17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 代替 sb take interest in 18.capture one's attention 代替 attract one's attention. 19.facet,demension,sphere 代 aspect 20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of 代 indicate, suggest ,fear 21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 代替 cause. 22. There are several reasons behind sth 代替..reasons for sth 23.desire 代替 want. 24.pour attention into 代替 pay attention to 25.bear in mind that 代替 remember 26. enjoy, possess 代替 have(注意 process 是过程的意思) 27. interaction 代替 communication 28.frown on sth 代替 be against , disagree with sth 29.to name only a few, as an example 代替 for example 30. next to/virtually impossible,代替 nearly impossible
通用特点 1, offer a sense of job satisfaction and security（提供就业安全与保障） 2, lay a solid professional working experience（打下坚实的专业工作经验） 3, reduce / cut down expenditure（减少开支） 4, increase job opportunities（增加就业机会） 5, meet personalized meets（满足个性化需求） 6, promote talent introduction and exchange（促进人才的引进与交流） 7, keep skills fresh and up-to-date（保持技术更新） 8, better / promote / enhance / further human resource development（促进人 力发展） 9, lay a solid foundation for（为?.打下坚实基础） 10, pave the way for the future / development（为未来发展铺平道路） 11, foster a sense of competition and cooperation（培养竞争与合作意识） 12, cultivate the spirit of teamwork（培养团队合作精神）
13, widen one’s knowledge（扩展知识） 14, enrich one’s social and life experience（丰富社会经验以及个人阅历） 15, enlarge one’s view / broaden one’s horizon（拓宽视野） 16, realize the value of life（认识到生命的价值所在） 17, speed up technical innovation（加速科技更新） 18, release people from hard work（从繁重的工作中解脱出来） 19, improve education conditions（改善教育环境） 20, simulate one’s imagination and interest in sth.（即发想象力与兴趣）
帮助联想的理由 1, team-work spirit（团队合作精神） 2, cooperation and competition （合作与竞争） 3, working experience（工作经验） 4, interpersonal skills（人际关系） 5, communication skills（沟通能力 ） 6, a broader view（更为辽阔的视野） 7, courage to overcome difficulties（克服困难的勇气） 8, the sense of independence（独立能力） 9, put theory into practice（将理论付诸实践） 10, get to know the society（了解社会） 11, meet new friends（结识新的朋友 ） 12, develop one’s potential（开发潜能） 13, gain confidence（获得自信） 14, ambition（野心） 15, ease one’s burden（减轻负担） 16, idea（观念） 17, characteristics（个性） 弊端 1, be a serious setback for the career development（职业生涯当中的严重阻碍） 2, be lack of a sense of job security（缺乏工作保障） 3, distract sb from doing sth（从?中分心） 4, impose/put a heavy strain on（施与?.沉重负担） 5, be a root of all evil（万恶之源） 6, contaminate environment（污染环境）
7, be harmful to our physical and mental health（危害身心健康） 8, be detached from（从?中分离） 9, make? in disorder/ chaos （使?.陷入混乱） 10, break the ecological balance （打破生态平衡） 11, suffer heavy losses （遭受严重损失） （削弱地方文化）
12, undermine local culture 13, go astray （误入歧途）
14, be incompatible with the present work （于现有工作相斥） 15, be very orthodox in one’s behavior （合乎传统行为） 16, restrain sb from doing （阻止?做?.） 17, endanger social stability and safety （危害社会稳定与安全） 18, be the invasion of privacy （侵犯隐私） 19, be exaggerated and cheating （夸大、欺骗） 20, arouse resistance in the public （呼吁公众抵制?）
1, strengthen the regulation and monitoring （加强监控与监督） 2, give sb a comprehensive person-to-person service （给予人性化服务） 3, enhance the government intrusion （增强宏观调控） 4, place severe restrictions on （严格限制） 5, promote legislative regulations （宣传法律法规） 6, set down/ lay down effective laws/ regulations （制定法律法规） 7, increase the involvement of ?and? （促进?和?.的参与） 8, impose heavier penalty on （给予严惩） 9, work out a framework of development （规划发展蓝图） 10, arouse people’s awareness of （唤起公众的?意识） 11, increase interaction between government and the public 之间的互动） 12, establish and perfect the social security system 系） 13, give special care to （给予特殊关怀） 14, optimize social resources allocation (优化资源配置) （增进政府与公众
15, take proper guidance and support （采取适当的引导与支持）
动词替换： 1.Improve 提高： Promote: 促进 AC 之间的贸易 promote the trade between A and C; He was promoted to senior manager in this company. Advance: our understanding of human genetics has considerably(非常的，可换做 vastly) advanced. Enhance: the publicity has enhanced his reputation.这次宣传提高了他的名望 2.change 改变： Transform:多指改头换面，完全改变，不能用于形容 slight change。说到人口变化：the increasing population has transformed the landscape and structure of local industry structure.人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构 3.Emphasize 强调： Highlight：the report highlight the decline in the numbers of native(可以换作 local) plants and insects. Stress: He stresses the need for parents to listen to their children. Accentuate: the crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor. (highlight and emphasize 的区别：highlight 是告诉人们重点，因而能够让别人注意，类 似于老师勾重点；而 emphasize 则是使重点清晰，不管别人是否能注意得到。而 stress 则和 emphasize 差不多) 4.Develop 培养： Cultivate: cultivate the ability of … ；培养情操；cultivate a more relaxed and positive way towards life. Nurture: 养育，同样可以指培养人才（talents）the sea nutures ample marine animals. 5.Break 破坏： Impair：impair ability; 主要是破坏能力，莫乱用。 Undermine 这个词也是指的是抽象意义上的破坏，有逐渐削弱之意，重点是循序渐进的 过程。Undermine one’s ability/confidence/authority/position/credibility
Jeopardize: 不能乱用，破坏的东西要上一定的等级才能配上此词。比如 Jeopardize the process of peace.破坏和平进程 Devastate 特指毁灭、蹂躏 the earthquake devastated the whole city. 6.Keep 保存 Preserve、Conserve 保护资源用的就是这个词，不要用 protect，protect 这个词用在保 护具体的东西。 7.deal With 解决 Tackle: tackle the problem. Resolve: resolve dispute 争论/conflict 冲突/problem/issue/crisis 危机；来自拉丁语，比较 正式。 8.need 需要 Require：xxx requires courage and confidence. Necessitate: 用法不简单，没有摸透。 call for（这也是个很高级的用法，奥巴马就用这个【我不晓得奥巴马咋个用的，原帖是 这样说的，并且 call for 也挺正式的】）：跟 need 一样的用法 形容词替换： 1.Everywhere 普遍的 Widespread: 随便用 Prevalent：Drug abuse is especially prevalent among teenagers. Overflow：泛滥 the garden is overflew with colors of flowers. Rampant: 特指有害的东西泛滥， 比如疾病， 犯罪等， 并且难于控制。 H1n1 Virus is rampant in the world.甲流世界泛滥 2.Good 好的（太多了） Impressive, glorious, amazing, brilliant, incredible, attractive… Beneficial（反义词：detrimental）the drug is beneficial to the immune system.
Advantageous: 特指有益的。Advantageous industry：优势产业 3.Harmful 有害的 Unfavorable, horrible, disgusting Inhumane: 没人性的 lousy (I’m fed up with the lousy job.) severe (severe problem, illness, injuries.) abysmal(低谷：their performance is abysmal.) Detrimental: smoking is detrimental to your health. Baneful: 现阶段用不到，文学作品里面的“邪恶”，完全诘屈聱牙。 4.Rich 富有的 Wealthy、Affluent、ample There are a myriad of stars in the Milky Way. (银河系好多星星啊！！) 5.Poor 贫穷的 Impoverished （动词表示使贫穷： The great depression had impoverished many third world countries.）an impoverished student. 7.Serious 严重的 Severe 8.Obvious 明显的 Manifest: a manifest error judge 明显判断失误; Adv. Manifestly .e.g. a manifestly unfair system. Apparent、Evident Patent: patent impossibilities. 显然不可能的事。 9.cheap 便宜的
Economical：经济的，不浪费，而不是单纯指某物便宜。经济适用房：economically affordable housing。 Inexpensive=cheap Reasonable：价格合理的。Reasonable price Affordable：能够支付的。 名词替换： 1.Forefather 祖先 Ancestor、Predecessor 2.Difference 不同 Gap（简单但是牛）沟，generation gap——very common use in CET-4/6 Distinction: sharp/clear distinction between allergy and food intolerance (TBBT 里面的 Howard 就有 lactose intolerance，一吃 peanuts 就会肿，长荨麻疹 rash 哈哈。) 再想牛就用 schism。 “填平两个分支学科之间的分歧” the schism between clinical 比如 heal medicine and public health.(有本书就叫这个。) 3.Crime 犯罪 Delinquency：一般 crime 都用不到。指道德败坏，违法行为，为显示词汇量可以与 crime 连用 Criminal Act：犯罪行为 4.Environment 环境 Circumstance：under the circumstances. 相当抽象的词，“情况”。 Surrounding： 表示周围居住的环境， 相当具体。 Nearby 可与之互换。 surrounding area. The 有细心的同学指出如果 surrounding 单独用作“环境”的话，后面必须要加复数 ——surroundings，我查了字典后发现的确是这样，而不加复数则只能归到形容词。 Atmosphere、Ambience：这两个词可替换，但是当 atmosphere 表示大气层的意思的时 候则不能。 5.Pollution 污染
Contamination: 我觉得太装 B 了，他的 pp 还不错：contaminated water—特指被污染的 水 6.Human 人类 Individual/men/ones/以及一切表示工人，农民公务员等等的词 The human race Humankind Humanity：特别指出，用来表示人性。其他一概不要用。虽然也有人之类的意思。
7.Danger 危险 Hazard：化学、物理危害；隐患：polluted water is a hazard to wild life and nature； safety/nature hazard. 8.In modern society 在当今社会 In contemporary society In present-day society In this day and age（这是最牛的说法）
连词篇：（介词，副词） Firstly: previously, beforehand, foremost, initially, originally, formerly, principally, mainly, essentially, basically, generally, commonly, universally, on the whole, fundamentally, to begin with, to start with, first of all, at the outset? Then: subsequently, afterward, thereafter, after that, secondarily, what is more, furthermore (further more)? Lastly: ultimately, eventually, in conclusion, to conclude, as a final point, last of all, last but not least, finally? Too: as well (句末)也, in addition, besides, moreover, additionally, to boot, excessively, also? And: plus, as well as, along with, in addition, bonus, with? Or: otherwise, if not, before, or else? So (adv): therefore, thus, consequently, accordingly, as a result, for that reason, hence, that’s why Because: as, due to, since, as to, in that, for the reason that, for, now that? But: however, moreover, nevertheless, nonetheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, 让步 although, even thought, though, even if, while, as, despite the fact that? Only: just, merely, barely, singly, solely, rarely?
Without: excluding, Very: extremely, acutely, decidedly, deeply, exceedingly, greatly, highly, uncommonly, profoundly, unusually? Actually: as a matter of fact, indeed, in fact, in point of fact, in reality, in truth, literally, truly ? 形容词/副词 Important: essential, significant, vital, crucial, profound, play a pushing role, indispensable, requisite, critical, fundamental, primary, elementary, underlying, rudimentary, basically, necessary? -附加-傻句替换：I think that A is more important than B. (这是经典大 傻句！以下句中的'important'可随意替换同义词） 1. A is important to B. 2. A plays an/a important role to B. 3. A is of (great\enormous\significant\awesome) to B. 4. B can not (live\developed\grow\survive\achieve) without A. 5. A means (a lot\a great deal\much) to B. 6. The importance of A (to B) can never be (exaggerated\denied\ignored\doubted). 7. A is everything/the whole world to B. 8. B is fundamental on A. 9. A matters/counts to B.
10. Nothing is more crucial to B than A. 11. A is to B what the (foundation is to a skyscraper\water is to fish\the heart is to a human) Big: gigantic, massive, colossal, enormous, immense, gargantuan, tremendous, titanic, giant, vast, large, huge, monster, bulky, ->many: numerous, myriad, infinite,
->forever (adv): infinity, eternal, timeless, everlasting，undying, endless, changeless, perpetually? Small: minimum, diminutive, minute, petite, wee, undersized, teeny, tiny, little, petite（女子身高娇小） Good: marvelous, fabulous, gorgeous, spectacular, outstanding, distinguished, remarkable, superb, incredible, unbelievable, out of this world, magnificent, charming, stunning, fantastic, terrific, excellent, great, wonderful, amazing, awesome Bad: awful, terrible, dreadful, defective, faulty, imperfect, inadequate, poor, substandard, unsatisfactory, harmful, damaging, deleterious, detrimental, hurtful, ruinous, unhealthy, evil, immoral? Clever: brilliant, knowledgeable, intellectual, intelligent, excellent, bright, smart Happy: delightful, delectable, elated, glad, overjoyed, pleased, jubilant, merry, joyful, Beautiful: charming, charismatic, attractive, gorgeous, pretty, endearing, sweet, adorable, eye-catching, handsome, hot, cute, good-looking, lovable, engaging?
Fast：swift, quick, rapid, speedy, hasty, nippy, like lightning, +hurry (v): hustle, rush, make haste, tear, step on it, dash, get a move on, step on it, scoot. Easy: simple, effortless, no trouble, painless, plain sailing, uncomplicated, undemanding, unproblematic, a piece of cake (informal), child’s play (informal),? Clear: obvious, apparent, blatant, comprehensible, conspicuous, distinct, evident, manifest, palpable, plain, pronounced, recognizable, transparent, intelligible, lucid, plain, understandable, uninvolved, simple, ? Direct: bald, basic, frank, naked, plain, sincere, stark, straightforward, candid, forthright, outspoken?. Difficult: hard, tricky, complicated, complex, intricate, involved, knotty, perplexing, puzzling, thorny? Angry: annoyed, cross, displeased, enraged, exasperated, incensed, infuriated, irate, mad (informal), livid (informal), berserk, outraged, resentful... Dangerous: perilous, breakneck, chancy (informal), hazardous, insecure, precarious, risky, unsafe, vulnerable 动词 Think (that): hold the (opinion/ belief/ position/stand point/idea) that, assume, believe, deem, reckon, argue, maintain, suppose, conceive, insist, be convinced, to my knowledge, personally, from my personal
perspective, as far as I am concerned, from my point of view, from my angle, consider, conceive, perspective... Show: convey, reveal, express, corroborate, justify, imply, verify, clarify, signify, exemplify, illuminate, substantiate, demonstrate, elucidate, denote, characterized as, instruct, display, disclose, indicate, means, explain, give an/a example (reason, explanation) of, bear out, point out, point toward? Know: realize, comprehend, identify, distinguish, discern, notice, perceive, recognize, see, understand, figure out, be acquainted with, be familiar with, Get: acquire, attain, acquire, achieve, obtain, gain “学习” 不用 learn Suggest: have a proposal in, Increase: magnify, expand, proliferate, mushroom, improve, enhance, advance? Impress: affect, inspire, engrave on, imprint of, Influence: impact, affect, guide, sway, Stop: halt, cease, conclude, desist, end, pause, put an end to, quit, refrain, shut down, terminate? Make: create, assemble, built, construct, form, manufacture; fore, cause, compel, constrain, drive, impel, induce, oblige, prevail, upon, require? Give: present, award, contribute, deliver, donate, grant, hand over, hand out, provide, supply
Break：separate, burst, crack, destroy, disintegrate, fracture, fragment, shatter, smash, snap Destroy: ruin, raze, annihilate, crush, demolish, devastate, eradicate, shatter, wipe out, wreck, obliterate, weaken, undermine? Happen: occur, come about, come to pass, develop, result, take place, transpire 名词 Problem: issue, question, case, trouble, difficulty, dilemma. Meeting: conference, discussion, assembly, conclave, congress, convention, gathering session, assignation, encounter, confrontation, argument, controversy? Study: learning, application, lessons, reading, research, school work, examination, analysis, consideration, contemplation, inspection, investigation, knowledge,scholarship? Advantage: benefit, dominance, precedence, profit, superiority, merit? Disadvantage: shortcoming, weakness, inconvenience, drawback, deficiency, flaw, handicap (also v. 妨碍), downside, limitation.
A 1．absent(熟义：adj．缺席的) He looked at me in all absent way．(adj．茫然的，恍惚的) 2．abuse(熟义：v．滥用；漫骂) Sheis quite a successfull career woman，but actually she's much abused at home．(v．虐待) 4．ache(熟义：v．＆n．疼痛) He was aching for home．(v．渴望) 5. act(熟义：V．＆n．行动) lt takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act．(vi．起作用) 6．address(熟义：n．地址 v．写地址) It is said that our headmaster will address the meeting．(vt．向……发表演说； 直接向…,一说话) 8. across(熟义：prep．越过) The two roads cut across each other．(prep．与…交叉，与…成十字) 9．advance(熟义：V．＆n．前进，推进) She asked for aIl advance on her salary．(n．预付(款)) Share prices showed significant advances today． (n．增加) 10. advise(熟义：vt．建议) Please advise us of the arrival of the goods．(vt．通知) ll. againsf(熟义：prep．逆着，反对；倚，靠；碰) The picture looks nice against the white wall．(prep．映衬) 12. age(熟义：n．年龄) Worry aged him rapidly．(v．(使)变老) 13. air(熟义：n．空气) Don’t air your troubles too often．(V．抒发；倾诉；播送) Tere was a comfortable air about her room．(n．样子，神态，气氛) 14. alive(熟义：adj．活着的) The streets are alive with people．(adj．充满(活的或动的东西)) 15. alone(熟义：adv．单独地，一个人地) The alone was able to answer the question． (adv．仅仅，只有) 16．amount(熟义：n．量) The cost amounted to$200．(v．(t0)共计，达到) What you have said amounts to a plain refusal．(v．相当于) 17．announce(熟义：宣布) A warm sunshine announces the coming of spring．(vt．显示，预告) 18．appreciate(熟义：v．欣赏；感激；感谢) I appreciate that I may be wrong．(V．意识到(realize)) 19．arrival(熟义：n．到达) All stood up to welcome the new arrival．(n．到达的人或物) 20．attend(熟义：v．出席；参加) The nurse attended to him day and night．(v．看护；治疗) 21．arrest、(熟义： 、Vt．逮捕)
The new medicine arrested the spread of the disease．(vt．停止，阻止) 22．absolute(熟义：adj．完全的；绝对的) The police have absolute proof that he was the murderer．(a 由．确切的) 23．accompany(熟义：vt．陪伴；伴奏) Strong winds accompanied the heavy rain．(v．伴随) 24．alike(熟义：adj．／adv．相像地；相似的) Teachers should care for aⅡthe pupils alike．(adv．同样地) 25．allow(熟义：v．允许) This diet allows you one glass 0f wine a day．(vt．使可能) 26. all(熟义：全部，所有) He drove some where once and he was all,”I love this car. It’s like a rocket.”(口语：某人所说 的，所做的) 27．announce(熟义：v．宣布；宣告) Warm sunshine announces the coming 0f the spring．(v．预示着) 28．approach(熟义：vt．靠近；接近) I approached him about filling the manager's job．(v．接洽；建议；要求) 29．arrange(熟义：v．安排；整理) I've arrangeajwith the neighbors about feeding the cats．(v．商量) 30．arrest(熟义：vt．逮捕；拘留) Attempts are being made to arrest the spread of the disease．(vt．阻止；中止) 31．aspect(熟义：n．方面) a man with an impressive,aspect(n．样子；外观；外表) 32. ask(熟义：问) When placing an ask, Be sure to specify a price and a time limit.(n. 最低出价) 33. available(熟义：adj．可得到的；可找到的) The worthy professor i8 now available． (adj．(人)有空的) B 34. balance(熟义：n．&v．平衡) I must check my bank balance．(n．差额，余款) The school aims to balance the amount of time spent on arts and science subjects．(v．权衡) 35. bar(熟义：n．棒，条；吧间) Poor health may be a bar to success in life．(n．障碍) 36．become(熟义：v．变得，变成) Her new hat certainly becomes her．(vt．适于，适合) 37．behavior(熟义：n．举止；行为) The behavior 0f this computer is moderately good．(n．性能，特点) 38．blank(熟义：adj．空白的 n．空白) The stranger returned my greeting with a blank look．(adj．没表情的；空虚的；没兴趣的) I call Pt think where I've left my umbrella；my mind's a complete blank!(n．记忆中的空白， 遗忘) 39．blue(熟义：adj．＆n．蓝色) His songs always make me feel blue．(adj．忧伤的) 40. beside(熟义：prep．在…．．旁) ． Beside your earlier work this piece seems rather disappointing．(prep．与……相比)
41. build(熟义：建设) The athlete has a solid build．(n．身材；体形) 42. bare(adj．熟义：裸露的) He likes to bare his heart／soul with his close friends．(vt．向某人袒露心声) 43．bear(熟义：vt．忍受；容忍) He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the sears．(v．显示；带有) 44．bitter(熟义：adj．苦的；痛苦的) Why was she so bitter against Mr．Smith?(adj．强烈的) 45．blanket(熟义：n．毯子) The whole village was blanketed with heavy snow．(vt．以厚层覆盖) 46．build up(熟义：增强…的体质；建立) The noise is building up until she could not stand it．(增高；加强) 47．burst(熟义：v．使爆炸；破裂) The storm burst and we all got wet．(v．突然爆发) 48．bond(熟义：v．使牢固结合) Mothers who are depressed sometimes fail to bond with their children，(v．发展或建立信赖 和亲切关系) 49．burning(熟义：adj．炽热的) She is burning to tell you the news．(adj．感情等强烈的) 50．bound(熟义：a 由．一定会) I don't like being desk—bound all day．(adj．受…约束的) C 51．capital(熟义：n．首都，首府；资本) Our capital task at the moment is to persuade her to calm down．(adj．极严重的，根本的) 52． cause(熟义：v．致使) We are struggling for revolutionary cause．(n．事业) 53．celebrate(熟义：vt．庆祝) He celebrated her for her courage．(vt．称颂，赞扬) 54．cheek(熟义：vt．检查) We should check the spread of the disease．(vt．阻止，制止) 55．choice(熟义：n．选择) Some of his remarks are really choice．(adj．斟酌得当的) 56．civil(熟义：adj．公民的，国内的) He is a civil person．(adj．彬彬有礼的，有礼貌的) 57. class(熟义：n．班级) It is no doubt that the professional classes do a much better job than those who are not． (n．阶级，阶层；等级)． 58．climate(熟义：n．气候) The cultural climate here is somehow a little upsetting．(n．风气；思潮；倾向) 59．cloudy(熟义：adj．阴的，多云的) Who did is still remains cloudy．(adj．不明朗的，不清晰的) 6O．coach(熟义：n．教练) She coached me in English．(v．辅导，指导) 61．command(熟义：v．命令，指挥)
His bravery commanded our respect．(v．博得，赢得) 62．contain(熟义：v．含有，包含；克制) The man was later contained by the police．(v．制服) He is too excited to contian his laughter．(vt．抑制) 63．count(熟义：n．&v．计算，数) (1)There are lO people in the classroom counting two teachers．(vt．包括) (2)It is not how much you read but what you read that counts．(vt．有价值，重要) (3)She was counted among the greatest dancers．(vt．以为，视为) 64．couple(熟义：n．一对，一双；一对夫妇或情侣) The dining car was coupled onto the last coach．(v．联合，连接) 65．course(熟义：n．课程；过程) The main course was a vegetable stew．(n．一道菜) 66．cross(熟义：v．跨越，横穿 n．十字) Don't be cross with him——after aU，he meant to help．(adj．生气的) 67．cut(熟义：vt．割) His rude remarks cut me．(vt．伤(某人的)感情) 68．case(熟义：n．情况；状况) There are three cases of fever in sch001．(n．病例；案例) 69．casual(熟义：adj．偶然的；随意的) He was employed as a casual laborer．(adj．临时的) 70．cater(熟义：v．为社交活动提供饮食；承办酒席) TV must cater for many different tastes．(v．满足需要；迎合) 71．caution(熟义：n．谨慎) The teacher cautioned him against being late．(V．告诫；提醒) 72．challhnge(熟义：v．挑战) I challenged him to a game of chessi(v．强烈建议某人干某事) 73．chance(熟义：n．机会) She chanced to be in when he called．(V．碰巧) 74．charge(熟义：v．索价，收费；指控；控告) Mother charged Alice to take good care of the baby’．(V。赋予…责任或义务) 75．clean(熟义：adj．干净的) I clean forgot about n(adv．彻底地；完全地) 76．company(熟义：n．公司) You may know a man by the company he keeps．(n．陪伴；作伴；伙伴) 77．conduct(熟义：v．组织；实施；指挥；引导) He conducted himself far better than expected．(V．举止；表现) 78．congratulate(熟义： ．v．祝贺) I congratulated myself on my escape．(v：为成功或成就感到高兴，感到自豪) 79．consullle(熟义：vt．消耗；消费) The fire Boon consumed the old wooden buildings in the neighborhood．(Vt．烧毁；毁灭) D 80．damage(熟义：v．&n．损坏) He chimed $7000 damages from the taxi company．(n．赔偿金(复数)=compensation) 81．dawn(熟义：n 拂晓 v．破晓，天亮)
The truth began to dawn Dn him．(v．开始明白) 82．desert(熟义：n．沙凑) He deserted his wife and children and went abroad．(V．抛弃，离弃) 83．develop(熟义：v．发展；开发；研制) Did you have the films developed?(v：冲印) develop a disease／a habit(v．逐渐形成) sure enough，most of the plants developed the disease(vt．患病；出现问题) 84．difficult(熟义：adj．困难的) You must get the 曲 rmission of your difficult grandmother before getting married．(aaj.难以 取悦的，不易满足的) 85．dismiss．(熟义：v．解雇，开除) He just laughed and dismisse，my suggestion as unrealistic． (v．拒绝考虑(某观点等)) 86．down(熟义：adv．向下，在下面) I paid $1000 down on the car．(adv．作为首期付款) 87．drive(熟义：v．驾驶) Hunger drove her to steal．(V．迫使某人(做不好或不快的事)) 88．deliver(熟义：，t．递送；传送；发表演说；接生) 、 Only education Can deliver people from misery．(vt．解救；拯救；使摆脱) 89．divorce(熟义：v．与某人离婚) You cann’t divorce science from ethical questions．(v．使分离；使脱离) 90．do(熟义：v．做；干；办某事) Patience and determination will do wonders．(v．创造) 91．draw(熟义：v．画；拖；拉) What moral are we to draw from the story?(v．获得，取得，推断出) E 92．elect(熟义：v．选举，推选) She elected to become a lawyer．(v．选择(做…) 93. embarrass(熟义： 、vt．使尴尬) What embarrasses your making an early start?(vt．阻碍) 94．employ(熟义：v 雇佣) ． The police employed force to open the door．(v．利用，使用) 95．engage(熟义： 、rt．从事) A personal computer engages his interest now．(vt 吸引) 96．entertain(熟义：vt．款待) He entertained a belief that his son would rise in the world．(vt．怀有，怀抱) 97. even(熟义：adv．甚至，更) The road wasn't even．(adj．平的，平坦的，平滑的) Her teeth were white and even．(adj．一致的；同样的；齐的) The score is now even．(adj．对等的；均等的，相等的) The car went with an even motion．(adj．均匀的；平稳的) She evened the edges by trimming them．(vt．使平坦；弄平) Our team evened the score in the last minute．(vt．使相等) 98．excite(熟义：vt．使激动) The recent discoveries have excited new interest among doctors．(vt．激起)
99．excue(熟义：n．借口 v．原谅) He was excused from piano practice．(v．免除某人的职责) 100．express(熟义：v．表达) His express wish was that you should come here by air．(adj．明确的) Is there an express fromanjing to Shahgllai?(n．快车) 101．encourage(熟义:vt．鼓励；激励) Good health encourages clear thinking．(v．促进，助长，刺激) 102．escape(熟义：v．逃跑；逃脱) His name escapes me for the moment．(v．被忘掉；被忽视) 103．exit(熟义：v．出去；离去；n．出口) At the end ofthe third scene theactress exits．(v．退场) 104．explode(熟义：v．爆炸爆裂) I'm about to explode!He broke my violin．(v．勃然大怒；大发雷霆) 105．exploit(熟义:V．开发；开采；剥削) You must exploit every opportunity to learn new things．(v．利用) 106．extend(熟义：v．扩大；使扩展；使伸长) He extended his hand to new employees．(V．伸展，舒展，展开(手臂或腿)) F 107．fail(熟义：v．失败) Our water supply failed．(v．不足；缺乏) He is failing in health．／His health is failing．(v．衰退，衰弱) He failed to lend her a hand．(v．未能) Words failed him．(vt．使失望；有负于) ‘fashion(熟义：n．时尚，时装) He behaves in a peculiar fashion．(n．方式) 108．fast(熟义：adj．&adv．快的／地) His tears fell fast．(adv．接连不断地；快速不断地) ． He's fast asleep．(He has a heavy sleep．)(adv．完全地) 109. fever(熟义：n．发烧，发热) He is in a fever of her arrival．(n．狂热，高度兴奋) ’ 111．fill(熟义：v．填满) His answer did not fill our need．(vt．满足) 112．find(熟义：vt．找到) The court found him guilty．(vt．判决) 113．fine(熟义：adj．美好的，很棒的，晴朗的) There's a fine distinction between the meanings of the two words．(adj．微妙的) ’ The man will get a fine if he parks the car there．(n．罚款) 114．fix(熟义：v．固定，安装，修理) The extraordinary man fixed our attention． (vt．吸引) 115．follow(熟义：v．跟着；仿效) He followed a legal career．(v．从事(某职业)；遵循(某生活方式)) 116．fond(熟义：adj.自由的，喜欢的；慈爱的；深情的) Fond parents will spoil their child．(adj．溺爱的) 117．force(熟义：vt．强迫)
The policeman forced the knife from the criminal's hand．(vt．夺取) 118．foreign(熟义：adj．外国的；外交的) The subject is foreign to me．(adj．不熟悉的) Telling lies is foreign to her nature．(adj．和……格格不人) 119．form．(熟义：vt．形成) I call not form an opinion about it．(vt．想出) 120．freeze(熟义：v．结冰，凝固) Freeze!Or I'll shoot．(v．不许动) 121．fly(熟义：v．飞；飞翔；飞彤 n．苍蝇) The children flewto meet their mother．(v．疾驰；疾行) 122．free(熟义：aaj．自由的；免费的) Is the way free?(adj．无阻碍的；畅通的) 123．fresh(熟义：adj．新鲜的) She is quite fresh to office work．(adj．无经验的) G 124．gain(熟义：v．获得；赢得) Don't worry．My watch gains．We still have time．(v．(钟表)快) The ear gained speed gradually．(vt．增加(速度，重量)) 125．go(熟义：vi．去，变得) This information goes to prove my point．(vi．对…有助于) It goes bv electricity．(vi．机器运行；运转；工作) 126．grade(熟义：n．年级) He got exceHent grades in exalns．(n．等级，分数) Eggs are graded rxom$maH t0 extra—large．(v．分等级；给分数) 127．green(熟义：adj．绿色的，青的) Greens are vital to our health．(n．(p1．)绿色蔬菜) 128．ground(熟义：n．地面) He has strong grounds for more money．(n．理由) 129．glare(熟义：v．怒目而视) The sun glared out 0f the blue sky．(v．发出刺眼的光) 130．govem(熟义：v．管理；控制) The law of supply and．demand governs the prices of goods．(vt．影响；支配) 131．grow．up(熟义：长大；成熟) A wanll frien 凼 hip grew up between the two men．(逐渐发展；形成) H 132．handsome(熟义：adj．英俊的；端庄的) I hope 1 will get a handsome present at my birthday．(adj．(礼物，行为)出手大方的，慷慨 的) 133．heavy(熟义：adj．一重的) My father is a heavy smoker．(adj．超出一般规模、数量、力量的) The traffic today is especially heavy．(adj．交通拥挤的) 134．height(熟义：n．高度；身高) In the height of the summer many people choose to visit the seaside．(n．顶点；极度) 135．hit(熟义：v。击中，打击)
The film Hero by Zhang Yimou is quite a hit of this year．(n．成功；红极一时的人或事) 136．hold(熟义：vt．握住，抓住；抱住) His promise still．holds．(vi：适用，有效) 137．hot(熟义： ．adj．炎热的) We're waiting for the hot news on the election results．(adj．最新的) 138．hunt(熟义：v．追猎；猎杀(鸟兽)) Please hunt the cat away from the garden．(vt．驱赶) I 139．ill(熟义：adj．生病的) It's no good speaking ill of others．(adj．&adv．坏的／地) 140．immediate(熟义：adj．立刻的，即时的) Is there a post office in the immediate neighborhood?(adj．最接近的) 141. industry(熟义：n．工业；产业) His Success wa》due t0 industry．(n．努力；勤勉) 142．interest(熟义：n．兴趣) Our family has an interest in the business．(n．利益；股份) 143. introduce(熟义：v．介绍) The company is introducing a new family saloon this year．(v．初次投人使用或运作，采用) He introduced his speech with a joke．(v．以……开始) 144．invent(熟义：v．发明) He invented aJl excuse for his being late．(y．捏造，虚构) 145．invite(熟义：v．邀请) Don't leave the window open—it's inviting thieves to enter．(V．吸弓；招弓) The dishes are really inviting．(adj．诱人的) 146．identify(熟义：v．鉴定；说明身份) One can't identify happiness with wealth．(v．认为某事物等同于) 147．impress(熟义：v．给…留下印象) He impressed the importance 0f their work on them．(v．使意识到(重要性或严重性等) 148．indicate(熟义：v．表明；显示) I indicated that his help was not welcome．(v．暗示；间接提及；示意) 149．inspire(熟义：v：激励；鼓舞) His best music was inspired by the memory of his mother．(V．启发) J 150．jam(熟义：n．果酱) He jammed four apples in his pocket．(Vt．塞进) The accident iammed the main road for2 hours。(vt．堵塞) There are traffic janls every day on this road． (n． ．堵塞) 151．job(熟义：n．工作) Removing the table is quite a job．(n．费力的事) He iobbed his sbn into the position．(vt．做零工；假公济私) 152．jump(熟义：v．＆n．跳) Last week the 埘 ce8 0f goods jumped．(n．／v．大幅度上涨) 153．just(熟义：adv．正好；恰好) You are a just person．(adj．公正的)
K 154．keep(熟义：v．保持，保留) Your coffee shop seems to be well kept．(v．经营；开设) 155．kick(熟义：v．踢) The swimmer has a strong kick．(兴致勃勃)(n．劲头；味道；乐趣) 156．kid(熟义：n．小孩) Take it easy．I'm just kidding．(v．开玩笑；欺骗) 157．kill(熟义：v．杀掉；害死) That guy fools around all day long，killing time．(V．消磨(时间)) 158．know(熟义：vt．知道) He is always quick to know his friends and enemies．(vt.辨别，认出) L 159．1and(熟义：vi 登陆，降落) He landed a contract for building a factory．(vt．获得) 160．late(熟义：adj．迟到的／地；晚的／地) She missed．her late husband very much．(adj．已故的) 161. lecture(熟义：v．／n．讲课；演讲) Do stop lecturing me．(V．／11．训斥；教训) 162．let(熟义：v．让) The couple decided to letoff the smaller flat at a low price．(v．出租) 163. level(熟义：n．水平，水平线；强度) Not all the parts of our life long joumey are level．(adj.水平的，平坦的；同一水准的) 164．1ibrary(熟义：n．图书馆) Pro.Lin has a large library of books．(n．收藏，收藏量) 165．1ift(熟义：v．拾高) Can yougive me a lift?(n．搭便车) His report gave us a lift．(n．鼓舞) 166．1ose(熟义：V．失去；丢掉) Please hurry!My watch loses 10 minutes．(vi．(钟表)慢(与 gain 相对)) 167．1ot(熟义：n．量，批) It is difficult for us to find a parking lot outside some shopping centrbs．(n．作某种用途的 场地) 168. lay(熟义：vt．放置；产卵；下蛋) The foundations 0fthe house are being laid today．(v．铺；铺设) 169．1ast(熟义：adj．最后的) He is the last man I want to see。(adj．最不可能的) 170．1ight(熟义：n．光亮) It's beginning to get ligllr．(adj．有光亮的；明亮的；充满自然光的) 171. lively(熟义：adj．生动活泼的) The room is lively with children singing and dancing．(adj．生气勃勃的) M 172. marry(熟义：v．结婚，与某人结婚) This poem marries theme and style well．(V．使紧密结合，使混为一体) 173. make(熟义：制造，使…)
We Can make l0 more kilometres by nightfall．(vt．前进) 174. mean(熟义：v．意思是，意味着) It's mean of you to eat up all the apples．(adj．自私的，卑鄙的，吝啬的) 175. mend(熟义：v．修理；修补) The patient is still mending slowly after the operation．(v．痊愈；改善) 176. message(熟义：n．信息，口信) I'd like to see a film with a message．(n.教益，寓意)． 177．might(熟义：modal v．或许) I use all my might to open the door．(n．力量，权威) 178．minute(熟义：n．分钟) They held a minute inspection of the grounds．(adj．微小的，详细的，仔细而准确的) 会议记录) Please read through the minutes first．(n．pL.会议记录) 179． mix(熟义：vt．混合) He mixes very little with his wife's friends．(vt．交往，来往) 180．multiply(熟义：乘；v．乘以；繁殖) We can multiply our chances of Success．(v．成倍增加；迅速增加) 181．move(熟义：v．移动) A few leaves moved in the wind．(v．使…移动) N 182．note(熟义：n．笔记) Learn the notes by heart．(n．台词) I noted that her hands were dirty．(v．注意) 183．novel(熟义：n．小说) Job—sharing is still a novel concept and it will take a while for employers to get used it. (ad. 新颖的) o 184. open(熟义：v．开 aaj．开着，打开的) They left the matter open．(adj．(问题，议事等)未解决的)， 185．own(熟义：vt．拥有) He owned the child aus his daughter．(vt．承认) 186. operate(熟义：Vi．机器运转工作；做手术) The medicine operated quickly．(vi．起作用) 187. otherwise(熟义：adv．否则；要不然) You know what it is about Why do you pretend otherwise?(adv．在其他方面) 188. outstanding(熟义：aaj．优秀的；杰出的) Some of the work is still outstanding．(adj．未解决的)(款项，工作，困难等)未支付的； 未完成的 P 189. paragragh(熟义： ．n．段落) There is a paragraph about the accident in the local newspaper．(n．报纸上的短片报道) 190. part(熟义：n．部分；零件，角色) In order to raise money，he had to part with some of his most treasured possessions．(v. 分手；放弃；卖掉)
191．party(熟义：n．聚会；党派) The solution is acceptable to both parties．(n．契约或争论的一方当事人) 192． pass(熟义：vt．通过) I have no idea what passed in my absence．(vi．发生，产生) 193．pay(熟义：v．付钱) He says farming doesn't pay these days．(vi。合算) 194．plant(熟义：n．植物；工厂) My parents planted a garden at the foot of the hill．(vt．种植，栽种某物) 195．platform(熟义：n．平台；讲台；站台) The platform ofthe new party attaches great importance to environmental protection． 纲 (n． 领；宣言) 196．policy(熟义：n．政策) He took out a fire insurance policy for his house．(n．保险单，保险凭证) 197. pool(熟义：n．水池；水塘) If we pool the ideas，we may fmd a better solution t0 the problem．(v，集中使用) 198．position(熟义：n．位置；职位)． What’s your position on the problem?(n．立场；观点) 199．pound(熟义：n．磅；英镑) No one can stand continuous pounding on the head．(n．猛击；连续重击) 200．produce(熟义：v．生产) Please produce your ticket for inspection．(v．拿出；出示) 201．promise(熟义：v．＆n．许诺) The dark clouds promise rain．(v．有…的希望；使…有可能) 202．pronounce(熟义：v．发音) The judge pronounced against her appeal．(v．宣称；宣布；判决) 203. put up(熟义：建设；张贴) Could you put me up for the night?(留某人住宿) 204. pick up(熟义：拾起，捡起；偶然发现；弄到手；听到，得到(情报，知识)；康复， 增加(速度) Trains picked up the timber workers working in the forest farm every day．(用车接某人) 205. possess(熟义：拥有) A violent anger possessed him．(vt．(感情，情绪等)支配；控制) 206. press(熟义：v．压) He pressed’her guests to stay a little longer．(vt．劝说) R 207．rate(熟义：n．比率，速度) These potatoes rate among the best．(v．对……作出评价；被认为，被评价为) 208．read(熟义：v．阅读) I didn't read mother's thougllts at that time．(v．理解；领会) 209. reflect(熟义：v．映出；反射；表现) I need time toreflect on your offer．(v．沉思；思考(on／upon)) 210．remember<熟义：vt．记住) Please remember the waitress．(vt．送(人)礼物，付小费(给人)) 211．rest(熟义：v．＆n．休息)
She rested her head on his shoulder．(v．把……倚靠在) 212．round(熟义：prep．＆adv．环绕，围着 adj．圆形的) We are losing the game in the last round due t0 our complacency．(n．回合；局；轮；) 213．race(熟义：vt．和…比赛 n．赛跑) Race to see what is happening．(v．快速移动；快速运转) 214．recover(熟义：v．恢复健康；痊愈) He almost fell, but succeeded in recovering himself．(v．恢复；重新控制) 215．refresh(熟义：vt．使恢复精力) Her words refreshed my memory．(、rt．提醒；提示；使想起) 216．relate(熟义：v．与一有关；相关) I related my adventure to my famny．(v．讲述) 217．remote(熟义：adj 偏远的；偏僻的) He is a remote relative of mine．(adj．关系较远的；远亲的) 218．repair(熟义 v．／n．修理) How can I repair the damage I have caused?(v．补救；弥补) 219．respect(熟义：vt。／n 尊敬；敬意) He has no respect for the feelings of others．(五重视；尊重；维护) 220．rest(熟义：v．／n．休息) Its success rested on the labor 0f half a million slaves．(v．依靠；依赖) 221．religion(熟义：n．宗教) Tennis is a religion with John．(n．特别的兴趣) 222．review(熟义：vt．复习) She reviewed what had happened．(vt．回顾) 223．run(熟义：v．跑) A bright idea：ran through my mind．(V．快速移动．) s 224．safe(熟义：adj．安全的) He is a safe man。You can count on him．(adj．谨慎的；不冒险的) 225．say(熟义：vt．说) Say that war breaks out，what will you do?(vt．假定) 226．scholarship(熟义：n．奖学金) A．writer with great scholarship can achieve great success．(n．学问；学识；学术成就) 227. second(熟义：det．＆adv．＆n．第二) Mr.Smith proposed the vote of thanks，and Mr．Jones seconded．(v．随声附和) He raised a proposal that is seconded by few．(v．赞成) 228．see(熟义：vL 看到) This century has seen two world wars．(vt．有--的经验，经历，体验) 229. seize(熟义：vt．抓住，强夺) I couldn't seize tho meaning of his remarks．(vt．掌握，把握) 230. shoot(熟义：v．射击；射中) The trees give out new shoots in spring．(n．嫩芽；新枝) 231．shoulder(熟义：n．肩膀) Young people should learn to shoulder the duty／blame．(v．承担) 232．soul．(熟义：n．灵魂)
Hardly a soul is seen in the village．(n．人) 233．sound(熟义：n．声音) It is important to have a sound body．(adj．健全的) My wife is a sound sleeper．(adj．酣睡的) 234. spare(熟义：adj.多余的；备用的；空余的 v：吝惜；拨出，抽出) He spared the thief．(v．饶恕；放过) 235. spring(熟义：n．春天；泉水) Fast food restaurants are spring up all over the city.(v．猛然跳起；涌出) 236. stamp(熟义：n．邮票) He stamped(his feet)in anger．(v．跺脚，顿足) 237. start(熟义：v．开始；发动；开创) He started up from his seat．(V．猛然跳起；突然移动) 238. steal(熟义：v．偷) He stole a glanceof her in the mirror．(v．快速或偷偷地取得) 239. strength(熟义：n．力气) Maths is not my strength．(n．强项) 240. succeed(熟义：v．成功) He will succeed Foley as speaker of the House．(v．继丧) Jim has just succeeded a hrge fortune from his uncle．(v．继任) 241. surprise(熟义： V．&t 使惊讶，惊奇) Our troops surprised the enemy in the midnight．(v．出奇不意地袭击或发现) 242. sympathy(熟义：n.同情) Annie's sympathies lie firmly with the workers．(n．(p1．)赞同，支持) 243．satisfy(熟义：v．使满意；使满足) She satisfied her hunger with all apple．(v．满足要求或需要等) 、 244．say(熟义：v．说话) Her passport says she is nineteen．(vt．(书面材料或可见的东西)提供信息；指示) 245．set(熟义：v．放；置) She's having her hair 8et for the party．(v．做头发) 246．sharp(熟义：adj．锋利的；锐利的) I felt a sharp pain in my stomach．(adj．剧烈的；猛烈的) 247．simply(熟义：adv．仅仅；只不过) It is simply wonderful to see youI(adv．(强调某说法)确实，简直) 248．sink。(熟义：v．下沉；沉没)． Prices are sinking slowly．(v．降低；下降) 249．subject(熟义：n．话题) The child i8 subiect to colds．(adj．易遭受…的) 250．swear to(熟义：v．宣誓) ’ I would swear to having met him somewhere．(v．断言；肯定；保证) =I would swear to0 it that I had met him somewhere． T 251．team(熟义：n．队；组) Would you like to team up with us?(v．(与某人)一起工作，合作) 252．tell(熟义：v．告诉)
She cracked a smile that told her joy．(v．显示，显露) 253．thorough(熟义：adj．彻底的，完全的，深入的) She is a very thorough worker．(adj．做事深入细致的) 254．ticket(熟义：n．票) The new driver got a ticket for speeding．(n．罚票，罚款单) 255．tie(熟义：vt．栓，系) They tied with the visiting team in the game．(vi．打成平手) 256．touch(熟义：n．＆v．接触) I feel a touch of tenderness from room's words．(n．少许，微量) Vegetables were touched by the frost．(vt．害到，伤害) 257．treat(熟义：vt．对待；处理；治疗) Her son’s visits are a great treat for her．(n．(难得的)乐事) It's my treat this time．(n．款待；请客) 258．twist(熟义：v．使弯曲变形) The river twisted toward the east(v．(道路，河流等)曲折；蜿蜒) 259．travel(熟义：v．／n／旅行) The news’traveled fast,(v．以某速度传播) U 260．understand(熟义：vt．理解) I understand that you are planning to go to Africa．(vt．据闻，知悉，了解) 261．uniform(熟义：n．制服) The boxes are uniform in weigllt．(8dj．相同的，一致的) 262．undertake(熟义：v．承担；从事) I can't、undertake that you will make a profit．(v．承诺；允诺；答应) V 263．vote(熟义：n．&v．投票，表决) I vote that we go home．(V．(口语)建议) 264．vain(熟义：adj．徒然的；徒劳的；无结果的) She is vain ofher beauty．(adj．自负的；自视过高的) W 265．walk(熟义：v．&n．行走；步行) This society welcomes people from all walks 0f life．(n．行业(walk of life)) He is waiking his dog.(vt.溜) 266. Wander(熟义：v．漫游；游荡；漫步) Don't wander from the point．(v．离开原处或正道) Her thoughts wandered back to her．youth．(V．走神；神志恍惚；思想开小差) 267．wear(熟义：vt．穿戴) The girl always wears a happy smile．(vt．表露) 268．weight(熟义：v．称……的重量；重达) Please weigh the advantages and disadvantages 0f doing this!(v：权衡；斟酌) 269．weight(熟义：n．重量) How much weigllt will be attached to his decision?(n．分量，重要性) 270．will(熟义：modal v．表将来或意愿)
He showed great strength of will．(n．意志力；意愿) Where there is a will,there is a way. (n．意志力；意愿) What did it say in the will?(n．遗嘱) 271．with(熟义：prep．与…，以…) With more money 1 would be able to buy it．(prep．若是) 272．work(熟义：v．＆n．工作) I believe your plaIl will work．(v．起作用) The young mall works a large company．(v．管理) 273. workshop(熟义：n．车间；工场) I attended a theater workshop not long ago．(n．研讨班，讲习班)
1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large en ough to be important) 2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be every where) 3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people's need s and wants) 4.stick=adhere, cling(hold on something tightly) 5.neglect=ignore.(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough atten tion to something; ignore means no attention.) 6.near=adjacent(twothings next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent) 7.pursue=woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek(if you seek sth, you try t o obtain it. FORMAL) 8.accurate=precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact(correct in every detail) 9.vague=obscure(unknown or known by only a few people) 10.top=peak, summit 11.competitor=rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics) 12.blame=condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unac ceptable) 13.opinion=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way) 14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation 15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish 16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ash amed or stupid) 17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way) 18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental 19.relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe) 20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he doe s not want to),compel 21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is)
22.complex=intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details) 23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her) 24.small=minuscule(very small), minute, 25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political) 26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does thing s very thoroughly) 27.difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involv es a lot of efforts) 28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants ca nnot be planted on it) 29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionall y or physically) 30.show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to peopl e.) 31.big=massive(large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal(use this word, you e mphasize something’s large), tremendous(INFORMAL) 32.avoid=shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately avoid that somethi ng or keep away from it.) 33.fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or deci sion on something.) 34.attack=assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently) 35.dislike=abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for mor al reasons), loathe(dislike very much)! 36.ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy i t.) 39.always=invariably(the same as always, but better than always) 40.forever=perpetual(a perpetual state never changes), immutable(something im mutable will never change or be changed) 41.surprise=startle(it means surprise you slightly), astound(surprise you to a larg e degree),astonish(the same as astound) 42.enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 43.quiet=tranquil(calm and peaceful), serene(calm and quiet)
44.expensive=exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be) 45.luxurious=lavish(impressive and very expensive), sumptuous(grand and very e xpensive) 46.boring=tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating) 47.respect=esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FO RMAL) 48.worry=fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it) 49.cold=chilly(unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold) 50.hot=boiling(very hot) 51.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to peopl e's safety and health) 52.nowadays=currently 53.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive; 54.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing) 55.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of) 56.result=consequence(the results or effects of something) 57.obvious=apparent, manifest 58.basedon=derived fromcan see or notice them very easily) 60.quite=fairly 61.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing) 62.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest) 63.appear=emerge(come into existence) 64.whole=entire(the whole of something) 65.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot) 66.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct) 67.difficult=formidable 68.change=convert(change into another form)
69.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of someth ing) 70.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and s ensible) 71.ability=capacity, capability(the same as ability) 72.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, o r his/her opinion is different from most people) 73.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money) 74.use= utilize (the same as use) 75.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on i t.) 76.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and s atisfaction) 77.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time) 78.scholarship=fellowship 79.angry=enraged(extremely angry) 80.smelly=malodorous(used to describe an unpleasant smell) 81.ugly=hideous(if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive) 82.attractive=appealing(pleasing and attractive), absorbing(something absorbing c an attract you a great deal) 83.diverse=miscellaneous(a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kind s of things) 84.disorder=disarray, chaos 85.crazily=frantically(used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and unco ntrolled way) 86.rapid=meteoric(ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achie ves success quickly) 87.ordinary=mundane(very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual) 88.despite=notwithstanding(FORMAL) 89.best=optimal(used to describe the best level something can achieve) 90.sharp=acute(severe and intense)
91.unbelievable=inconceivable(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen ) 92.puzzle=perplex(something perplex someone means it confuses and worries hi m/her because he/she does not understand it) 93.method=avenue(away of getting something done) 94.famous=distinguished(used to describe people who are successful in their car eer) 95.ancient=archaic(extremely old and extremely old-fashioned) 96.decorate=embellish(embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else) 97.possible=feasible(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved) 98.so=consequently, accordingly 99.rare=infrequent (doesn’t happen often) 100.greedy=rapacious(greedy and selfish)
1：individuals，characters， folks 替换（people ，persons） 2：positive， favorable， rosy （美好的），promising （有希望的） perfect， pleasurable ， excellent， outstanding， superior ， 替换 good 3：dreadful， unfavorable， poor， adverse， ill （有害的）替换 bad 如果 bad 做表语，可以有 be less impressive 替换 eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games， enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ，as a result， they find their academic records are less impressive.
4： （an army of， an ocean of， a sea of， a multitude of ， host of， many， a if not most）替换 many. 注：用 many， if not most 一定要小心，many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals， if not most， harbor the idea that…。同理 用 most， if not all ，替换 most. 5：a slice of， quiet a few ， several 替换 some 6：harbor the idea that， take the attitude that， hold the view that， it is widely shared that， it is universally acknowledged that）替 think （因为是书面语，所以要加 that） 7：affair ，business ，matter 替换 thing 8：shared 代 common 9：reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits ） 10：for my part ，from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion 11：Increasing（ly），growing 替换 more and more（ 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用 increasing/growing.修饰形容词，副词用 increasingly. Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth. 12：little if anything， 或 little or nothing 替换 hardly 13：……beneficial， rewarding 替换 helpful， 14：shopper，client，consumer，purchaser， 替换 customer
15：exceedingly，extremely， intensely 替换 very 16：hardly necessary， hardly inevitable …… 替换 unnecessary， avoidable 17：sth appeals to sb， sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in 18：capture one‘s attention 替换 attract one’s attention. 19：facet，demension，sphere 代 aspect 20：be indicative of ，be suggestive of ，be fearful of 代 indicate， suggest ，fear 21：give rise to， lead to， result in， trigger 替换 cause. 22：There are several reasons behind sth 替换……reasons for sth 23：desire 替换 want. 24：pour attention into 替换 pay attention to 25：bear in mind that 替换 remember 26：enjoy， possess 替换 have（注意 process 是过程的意思） 27：interaction 替换 communication 28：frown on sth 替换 be against ， disagree with sth 29：to name only a few， as an example 替换 for example， for instance 30：next to / virtually impossible，替换 nearly / almost impossible
议论文 1、讨论话题 最近，我们在热烈讨论是 否我们该建这个工厂 2、观点不同 歧。 有两种不同意见。 Opinions are mainly divided into two groups. 3、支持观点 很多人支持这个观点 Many people favor this opinion. Quite a few people support this view. 4、反对观点 很多人反对这个观点 A large number of people are against it. Many a student disagrees with that point of view. 5、介绍原因 造成这种情况有很多原因 很多人胖的主要原因是吃 的太多 6、利弊权衡 搬北京动物园弊大于利 There are many reasons for this. The main reason why many people are fat is that they eat too much. The disadvantages of moving the zoo outweigh the advantages. We have to balance the disadvantages of 我们必须权衡搬北京动物 moving the zoo against the advantages. 园的利弊 7、某人认为 受 一些人认为吸烟是一种享 Some people believe that smoking is an enjoyment. Some people hold the view that smoking is an enjoyment. 8、承担责任 我们有责任保护环境 We are supposed to shoulder the responsibility for protecting the environment. 9、采取措施 10、从中获益 我们应该立刻采取措施 如果我们搬迁动物园，会 受益很多。 记叙文 1、很有意义 2、玩的开心 这次经历非常有意义 我们玩的很开心 This is/was a really meaningful experience. We enjoyed a great deal the fun and laughter. Immediate actions should be taken. We can benefit a lot from moving the zoo. 在这个问题上意见有分 Recently, we have had a heated discussion about whether we should build a factory here. Opinions are divided on the question.
I find it a really memorable experience. Our trip to America was a very rewarding experience.
非常感谢他们的友善 他们的友善给我留下深刻 的印象
I really appreciate their kindness. Their kindness really impressed me a lot.
① 词汇篇 单词可以说一个人单词量的展现，如果总停留在使用 very good 等小学词汇，那老师把你当 成发育不完全也正常.所以要使用一些高级词汇（就象是给文章穿上了成人内衣） ，我不建议 大家用考纲以外的词汇（当然你能用更好） ，夏哥可以教你用高级替换简单词汇~~ severe 替换掉 serious（严重的） a severe water shortage 严重缺水 needy 替换掉 ppor（ 贫穷的） wealthy 替换掉 rich （ 富裕的） benificial 替换掉 good （有益的） undesirable 替换掉 bad （不好的，不受欢迎的） nevertheless 替换掉 however（然而，不过） fundamental / significant 替换掉 important（ 重要的） relevant 替换掉 related （有关的） ....is highly relevant to....... extraodinary 替换掉 surprising （惊人的，非凡的） provided/providing （that）替换掉 if （如果.....） promote /strengthen 替换掉 improve （提高，加强） More should be done to strengthen industry's links with universities. 应该做更多的事情加强工业界和大学的联系. cope with 替换掉 solve（ 解决） motivate 替换掉 encourage（ 激励） We are looking for someone who will be able to motivate the staff to work hard.我们在寻找能激 励职员们努力工作的人. jeopardize 替换掉 be bad to （损害，危及）
Failing exams could jeopardize her future. 考试不及格危及她的前程. ease 替换掉 relieve （减轻，缓解） To ease the problem of ..... 为了缓解....的问题..... well-being 替换掉 happiness （幸福，安康） pros and cons 替换掉 advantages and disadvantages（好处和坏处） You must consider all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.在你做决定之 前，必须考虑这个问题的正反两个方面. approach / method 替换掉 way（方法，方案） adopt 替换掉 use （采用，采取） the aged 替换掉 old people（老人） adolescents 替换掉 the young （青少年） employment 替换掉 job（就业） affair 替换掉 thing （事情，东西） bent 替换掉 gift （天赋，爱好） catastrophe 替换掉（ disaster 灾难） subscribe to 替换掉 agree with（ 同意） tend 替换掉 want（趋向于..想要.....） I am tending to another customer at he moment. acquire 替换掉 gain （获得（尤指知识上的） ） administration 替换掉 government （政府部门） contribute to 替换掉 cause （引起） extremely 替换掉 very （非常的） frown on sth 替换 disagree with sth （ 不同意）
for instance 替换掉 for example （例如） advocate 倡导 compensate for 弥补.....
Spare no efforts for 努力 In contemporary society 在当今社会 A vast amount of 大量的 be abundant in 富有... on ones own account 为了某人自己的利益 at ones own risk 自行负责 on account of 由于 On no account 绝不要 arise from 由....引起 Are these any matters arising from the last meeting？ 这些事情都是由上次的会议引起的吗？ assess 评估，评价 Examinations are not the only means of assessing ones ability. 考试不是评价一个人能力的唯一方法. authentic 真实的，可信的 gradual 逐渐的 There has been a gradual improvment in ...over the last two years. 过去的两年中...逐渐改善. ....multiply rapidly ...迅速增加. ripe 时候成熟的 The country is ripe for change. 国家已是时候改变. trend 趋势，趋向，潮流 The trend at the moment is that .... 现在..是一个趋势..... emphrasize 强调，重视 I’d like to emphrasize how important it is to ....
sustainable development 可持续发展
② 句型篇 英语里面常用的句型也就那么几个，尽量往里套。能用到以下句型的千万别用一般陈述句， 能用长句千万别用短句，最好一句话老长.每个句型我都弄个例句~~ 倒装： Not only di he speak correctly，but he spoke easily. Here comes a bus. Seldom have we felt as comfortable as here . 双否： The postman never fails to come on time . 被动： Many things can be done to solve this problem . 非限定： The man is from the UK，which we can tell from his accent. 定从： This is the reason why he came late. This is the reason for which he came late. The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous 让步： Child as he is ，he can speak many foreaign languages. 独立主格： （With）There being no bus, we had to go home on foot. The men moved slowly forward, neck deep in the water, with their officers guiding them.
③ 常用句子篇——起到一个首饰的作用，让文章更销魂~~~~ 这个有点头疼，多背一背吧~~~ Some changes have taken place in the past five years．
在过去的 5 年中这里发生的一些变化. A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications． 在世界的沟通与交流方面产生了巨大的变化. This is a phenomenon that ..... 有一个...的现象........ It has increased（decreased）from．．to．． ． ． ...从...增加到了........... People have（take，adopt，assume）different attitudes towards sth． 人们对..有不同的态度. When it comes to ..., some think ... 当谈到...一些人认为.......... There is a public debate today that ... 当今有一个公共的争论关于........... Recently the problem has been brought into focus. 最近这个问题得到了关注. Now there is a growing awareness that... 现在....的意识增强了. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 有许多人，不是特别多，怀有这样的想法..... it is universally acknowledged that..... ....是一个社会的共识..... Just imagine what would be like if... 设想一下如果...... It is of great benefit to us. ...对我们是有很大的好处的. It has more disadvantages than advantages． 它有很多的优点和缺点. It plays an important role in our life． 它在我们的人生中扮演了很重要的角色. ... this story is not rare. 这样的故事不少见.
..., such dilemma we often meet in daily life. 这样的事情我们在生活中经常遇到. ..., the story still has a realistic significance.这个故事很有现实意义. But some others have just the opposite opinion. 一些人有相反的意见. But every coin has two sides. 每个硬币都有两面.（即每件事情都有两面） As for me, I'm in favour of the latter opinion.我支持后者. promote the public awareness of 增强了...的公共认识 The government should take effective measures and immediate actions. 政府应该采取及时有效的措施. To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... 为了理解...的真相......，认识到....也是重要的. A study of ... will make this point clear .一项研究使这个观点更清楚了. There is no point(use) in doing.....做...是没有意义的. Distinguished scientific accomplishment is a matter of opportunity and of continuous and concentrated effort over long years. (很优美的句子,值得借鉴) from the …point of view 从…角度来看 最近, XXXXX 现象引起了人们的广泛关注 Recently, the phenomenon of (that) …… has aroused wide public concern 随着社会(科技)的发展,人们开始注意到 XXXX 的重要性 Along with the advance of the society (science and technology), people are attaching much importance to …… Take ... for an example, it is a very obvious case . 拿..来说，这是个很明显的案例. Some people argue that….., whereas others maintain that…. 一些人争论.....另一些人支持....观点. 就我个人而言(老实说), 我全力支持前者(后者) As for me, I am in high favor of the former (latter) Personally, I side with the former (latter) Frankly speaking/ To be frank/ To be honest/ Honestly speaking, it is the former (latter) that I approve of
我认为(在我看来,就我看来,我的观点是, 我想….) I am convinced that…. As far as I am concerned, ….. To my point of view, ….. From where I stand, …… We should take some effective measures． 我们应该采取有效的措施. We should try our best to overcome（conquer）the difficulties． 我们应该努力克服困难. Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... 当然，B 有自身的优势，比如........ As far as we know....正如我们所知道的... In a certain sense......在某种情况下...... There is no denying the fact that .....不可否认的事实是..... 结尾常用句： From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw .... the conclusion that ... In summary, it is wiser ... In short..... From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that ...
① 词汇篇 单词可以说一个人单词量的展现，如果总停留在使用 very good 等小学词汇，那老师把你当 成发育不完全也正常.所以要使用一些高级词汇（就象是给文章穿上了成人内衣） ，我不建议 大家用考纲以外的词汇（当然你能用更好） ，夏哥可以教你用高级替换简单词汇~~ severe 替换掉 serious（严重的） a severe water shortage 严重缺水 needy 替换掉 poor（ 贫穷的） wealthy 替换掉 rich （ 富裕的） benificial 替换掉 good （有益的） undesirable 替换掉 bad （不好的，不受欢迎的） nevertheless 替换掉 however（然而，不过） fundamental / significant 替换掉 important（ 重要的） relevant 替换掉 related （有关的） ....is highly relevant to....... extraodinary 替换掉 surprising （惊人的，非凡的） provided/providing （that）替换掉 if （如果.....） promote /strengthen 替换掉 improve （提高，加强） More should be done to strengthen industry's links with universities. 应该做更多的事情加强工业界和大学的联系. cope with 替换掉 solve（ 解决） motivate 替换掉 encourage（ 激励） We are looking for someone who will be able to motivate the staff to work hard.我们在寻找能激 励职员们努力工作的人. jeopardize 替换掉 be bad to （损害，危及） Failing exams could jeopardize her future. 考试不及格危及她的前程. ease 替换掉 relieve （减轻，缓解） To ease the problem of ..... 为了缓解....的问题.....
well-being 替换掉 happiness （幸福，安康） pros and cons 替换掉 advantages and disadvantages（好处和坏处） You must consider all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.在你做决定之 前，必须考虑这个问题的正反两个方面. approach / method 替换掉 way（方法，方案） adopt 替换掉 use （采用，采取） the aged 替换掉 old people（老人） adolescents 替换掉 the young （青少年） employment 替换掉 job（就业） affair 替换掉 thing （事情，东西） bent 替换掉 gift （天赋，爱好） catastrophe 替换掉（ disaster 灾难） subscribe to 替换掉 agree with（ 同意） tend 替换掉 want（趋向于..想要.....） I am tending to another customer at he moment. acquire 替换掉 gain （获得（尤指知识上的） ） administration 替换掉 government （政府部门） contribute to 替换掉 cause （引起） extremely 替换掉 very （非常的） frown on sth 替换 disagree with sth （ 不同意）
for instance 替换掉 for example （例如） advocate 倡导 compensate for 弥补..... Spare no efforts for 努力 In contemporary society 在当今社会 A vast amount of 大量的 be abundant in 富有...
on ones own account 为了某人自己的利益 at ones own risk 自行负责 on account of 由于 On no account 绝不要 arise from 由....引起 Are these any matters arising from the last meeting？ 这些事情都是由上次的会议引起的吗？ assess 评估，评价 Examinations are not the only means of assessing ones ability. 考试不是评价一个人能力的唯一方法. authentic 真实的，可信的 gradual 逐渐的 There has been a gradual improvment in ...over the last two years. 过去的两年中...逐渐改善. ....multiply rapidly ...迅速增加. ripe 时候成熟的 The country is ripe for change. 国家已是时候改变. trend 趋势，趋向，潮流 The trend at the moment is that .... 现在..是一个趋势..... emphrasize 强调，重视 I’d like to emphrasize how important it is to .... sustainable development 可持续发展
② 句型篇 英语里面常用的句型也就那么几个，尽量往里套。能用到以下句型的千万别用一般陈述句， 能用长句千万别用短句，最好一句话老长.每个句型我都弄个例句~~
倒装： Not only di he speak correctly，but he spoke easily. Here comes a bus. Seldom have we felt as comfortable as here . 双否： The postman never fails to come on time . 被动： Many things can be done to solve this problem . 非限定： The man is from the UK，which we can tell from his accent. 定从： This is the reason why he came late. This is the reason for which he came late. The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous 让步： Child as he is ，he can speak many foreaign languages. 独立主格： （With）There being no bus, we had to go home on foot. The men moved slowly forward, neck deep in the water, with their officers guiding them.
③ 常用句子篇——起到一个首饰的作用，让文章更销魂~~~~ 这个有点头疼，多背一背吧~~~ Some changes have taken place in the past five years． 在过去的 5 年中这里发生的一些变化. A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications． 在世界的沟通与交流方面产生了巨大的变化. This is a phenomenon that ..... 有一个...的现象........
It has increased（decreased）from．．to．． ． ． ...从...增加到了........... People have（take，adopt，assume）different attitudes towards sth． 人们对..有不同的态度. When it comes to ..., some think ... 当谈到...一些人认为.......... There is a public debate today that ... 当今有一个公共的争论关于........... Recently the problem has been brought into focus. 最近这个问题得到了关注. Now there is a growing awareness that... 现在....的意识增强了. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 有许多人，不是特别多，怀有这样的想法..... it is universally acknowledged that..... ....是一个社会的共识..... Just imagine what would be like if... 设想一下如果...... It is of great benefit to us. ...对我们是有很大的好处的. It has more disadvantages than advantages． 它有很多的优点和缺点. It plays an important role in our life． 它在我们的人生中扮演了很重要的角色. ... this story is not rare. 这样的故事不少见. ..., such dilemma we often meet in daily life. 这样的事情我们在生活中经常遇到. ..., the story still has a realistic significance.这个故事很有现实意义. But some others have just the opposite opinion. 一些人有相反的意见. But every coin has two sides.
每个硬币都有两面.（即每件事情都有两面） As for me, I'm in favour of the latter opinion.我支持后者. promote the public awareness of 增强了...的公共认识 The government should take effective measures and immediate actions. 政府应该采取及时有效的措施. To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... 为了理解...的真相......，认识到....也是重要的. A study of ... will make this point clear .一项研究使这个观点更清楚了. There is no point(use) in doing.....做...是没有意义的. Distinguished scientific accomplishment is a matter of opportunity and of continuous and concentrated effort over long years. (很优美的句子,值得借鉴) from the …point of view 从…角度来看 最近, XXXXX 现象引起了人们的广泛关注 Recently, the phenomenon of (that) …… has aroused wide public concern 随着社会(科技)的发展,人们开始注意到 XXXX 的重要性 Along with the advance of the society (science and technology), people are attaching much importance to …… Take ... for an example, it is a very obvious case . 拿..来说，这是个很明显的案例. Some people argue that….., whereas others maintain that…. 一些人争论.....另一些人支持....观点. 就我个人而言(老实说), 我全力支持前者(后者) As for me, I am in high favor of the former (latter) Personally, I side with the former (latter) Frankly speaking/ To be frank/ To be honest/ Honestly speaking, it is the former (latter) that I approve of 我认为(在我看来,就我看来,我的观点是, 我想….) I am convinced that…. As far as I am concerned, ….. To my point of view, ….. From where I stand, …… We should take some effective measures．
我们应该采取有效的措施. We should try our best to overcome（conquer）the difficulties． 我们应该努力克服困难. Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... 当然，B 有自身的优势，比如........ As far as we know....正如我们所知道的... In a certain sense......在某种情况下...... There is no denying the fact that .....不可否认的事实是..... 结尾常用句： From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw .... the conclusion that ... In summary, it is wiser ... In short..... From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that ...