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高三语法填空:6、介词 Word版含解析

高三语法填空:6、介词 Word版含解析


6.介词 (1)介词辨析 A.表示时间的介词 1.in,on,at,over (1)in 表示在一段时间之内。通常时间较长,如世纪、朝代、时代、年、季节、月及一般(非特指)的早、 中、晚等。如: in the 1950s,in 1989,in summer,in January,in one's thirties,in the morning 等。 (2)on 表示具体的某一天及其早、中、晚。如: on May 1st,on Monday,on a cold night in January, on a fine morning 等。 (3)at 表示在一个时间点上。指某一时刻或较短暂的时间,也泛指圣诞节,复活节等。如: at 3:20, at this time of year,at Christmas,at night,at this moment 等。 (4)over 后面接一段时间,表示“超过??”或“在??期间”。如: David Crum, the CEO of Geldart Software, announced that the corporation would open three branches in Bangkok over the next several months. (5)在 last,next,this,that,some,every 等词之前一律不用介词。如: He went to Japan last year. We meet every day. 2.in,after (1)“in+一段时间”表示将来的一段时间之后。如: My mother will come back in three or four days. (2)“after+一段时间”表示过去的一段时间之后。如: He arrived after five months. (3)“after+具体时间”表示将来或过去的某一时刻之后。如: She will appear after five o'clock this afternoon. The rain began to fall after seven. 3.from,since,for (1)from 后接具体时间,说明从什么时候开始,不说明某动作或情况持续多久。如: I hope to do morning exercises from today. (2)since 后接具体过去时间,表示某动作或情况持续至说话时刻,通常与完成时连用。如: We have not seen each other since 2010. (3)for 后接一段时间,通常与完成时连用。如: I have been in the army for 5 years. B.表地点的介词 1.at,in,on,to (1)at 表示在小地方或“在??附近;在??旁边”。如: He arrived at the station at ten. He is sitting at the desk. (2)in 表示在大地方或“在??范围之内”。如: He arrived in Shanghai yesterday. Shandong lies in the east of China. (3)on 表示毗邻或接壤。如: Russia lies on the north of China. (4)to 表示“在??范围外”,不强调是否接壤。如: Japan is to the east of China. 2.a

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