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2012年教师资格考试:幼儿教育学模拟题及答案(2)

2012年教师资格考试:幼儿教育学模拟题及答案(2)

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al govern ance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r. To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt. To improve natural resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he militar y strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics. To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm -Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y. The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after economic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on. State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

一、单项选择题(本大题共25小题,每小题 l 分。共25分)在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题 目要求的,请将其代码填写在题后的括号内。错选、多选或未选均无分。 1、我国学前教育在亚太地区属于比较好的,20世纪末统计3~6岁幼儿入园率约为【C】 。 A、25% B、30% C、35% D、40% 2、__________是指文化内容的增量或减量所引起的结构性的变化。 【D】 A、文化传递 B、文化传播 C、文化选择 D、文化变迁 【答案解析】 :文化变迁是指文化内容的增量或减量所引起的结构性的变化。 3、__________是幼儿词汇量增长的活跃期。 【C】 A、2~3岁 B、3~4岁 C、4~5岁 D、5~6岁 【答案解析】 : 儿童的词汇量随着年龄增长而不断增加。 有关研究表明, 3~4岁幼儿的词汇量为1730个, 4~ 5岁为28532个,5~6岁为3562个。由此结果可看出,4~5岁是幼儿词汇量增长的活跃期。 4、认为后天教育经验的存在与否直接决定了儿童某种能力的发生与否,这种作用模式是【A】 。 A、诱导 B、维持 C、递进 D、促进 5、儿童经常通过模仿游戏学习和掌握实际劳动知识技能。 【C 】 A、氏族社会时期 B、母系氏族社会时期 C、父系氏族社会时期 D、军事民主时期 【答案解析】 :父系氏族社会时期,每一个儿童在妇女们的哺育和熏陶下,逐渐了解家庭的贯例、氏族的礼 法、历史传说、风俗禁忌和图腾信仰等。此外他们还要从旁边观察成人们的生产劳动情景,并在游戏中模 仿他们的动作行为,如制作劳动器具、射箭、播种、收割等。这种模仿游戏为儿童学习和掌握实际劳动知 识技能提供了机会。 6、与种姓制度和宗教神学密切联系。 【C】 A、古希伯来的幼儿教育 B、古埃及的幼儿教育 C、古代印度的幼儿教育 D、古希腊的幼儿教育 【答案解析】 :古代印度的幼儿教育有家庭教育和寺庵之分,但都是以信奉佛祖、吃苦修行、遵循教规、消 极厌世为基本特征的。因此,古印度的幼儿教育始终被浓厚的神学说教所统治。 7、__________教育理论体系中的一个最基本的思想就是把儿童当作儿童来看待,同时还强调指出一幼儿 教育应当遵循自然的原则。 【B 】 A、夸美纽斯

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas . 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self-re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino-Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas. These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce . development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Const ituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years af ter the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ... Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health syst em reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r. To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system t o protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt. To improve natural resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defen se and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics. To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y. The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after econom ic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on. State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

B、卢梭 C、洛克 D、福禄贝尔 【答案解析】 :卢梭教育理论体系中的一个最基本的思想就是把儿童当作儿童来看待,把儿童看作教育中的 一个积极因素;教育要适合儿童天性的发展,保持儿童的天性,因此卢梭强调指出,幼儿教育应当遵循自 然的原则。 8、__________提出了“最近发展区”的概念。 【C】 A、杜威 W Ww.Kao8.CC B、蒙台梭利 C、维果茨基 D、皮亚杰 9、 《幼教无际论》 、 《从孩提到青年》 、 《我的童年》等专著的作者是【D】 。 A、陶行知 B、陈鹤琴 C、鲁迅 D、张雪门 【答案解析】 :张雪门是中国现代著名幼儿教育家。他先后出版了《幼稚教育》 、 《幼稚园课程活动中心》 、 《幼教无际论》 、 《实习三年》 、 《儿童创作集》 、 《我的童年》 、 《从孩提到青年》等专著,为我国幼儿教育留 下了极为宝贵的财产。 10、从全球学前教育目标的发展趋势来看,20世纪90年代强调【A】 。 A、儿童全面和谐发展 B、儿童个性、情感和社会化发展 C、智力开发 D、培养创造力 【答案解析】 :从世界学前教育目标的发展趋势来看, 20世纪经历了60年代着重智力开发,70年代强调培 养创造力以及80年代重视儿童个性、清感和社会化发展的曲折历程。进入90年代以来,世界各国才开始把 儿童全面和谐发展本身作为学前教育的根本目标。[page] 11、是促进儿童体、智、德、美全面发展的首要条件。 【 B】 A、良好的品德修养 B、良好的身心素质 C、良好的审美能力 D、良好的智力水平 【答案解析】 :学前儿童处于身体柔弱,生活自理能力、心理承受能力和疾病抵抗能力都较弱的时期,因此 坚持以学前儿童身体为重,保护、培养其健康的心理,切实做好幼儿生理、心理卫生保健工作是促进儿童 体、智、德、美全面发展的首要条件。 12、在指导儿童结构游戏时,要求大班幼儿学会的结构知识是【A】 。 A、会识别左右 B、会识别材料的形体、大小、颜色 C、会识别高低、宽窄、厚薄 D、会识别轻重、长短、前后 【答案解析】 :教师在指导儿童结构游戏时要注意,幼儿园大班儿童应学会的结构知识和技能有:会识别左 右;在建造技能上,要求他们建造的物体比中、小班幼儿更加精确、整齐、匀称,物体的结构更加复杂和 富有创造性。同时,会使用辅助材料装饰建造物体,能够合作建造物体。 13、幼儿教师在语言课上只讲故事、音乐课上只唱歌、体育课上只做游戏的做法,违背了 __________原

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas . 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self-re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino-Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas. These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce . development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ... Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o f acilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh sy stems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, buil ding a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leadershi p, give full play to t he core rol e of the party commands the overall sit uation and coor dinati ng all parties, impr oving t he party's leadi ng water .. . Margin. Challe nged the leadershi p of the Communist Party of China, Marxism -Le ninism a nd Mao Ze dong thoug ht by De ng Xiao -pi ng's flag, replace d by t hree re prese ntatives and the harmonic society.

The former Communi st Party s pirit and s ocial cohesi on poi nt of almost all political makeover. Chara cteristi cs of s oci alism publi c owners hip is s hifting to private ow ners hip, pla nne d regulati on a nd market reg ulat ion, the prol etarian regime control led by the e lite. Of universal equality, fair ness a nd basi c pri nciples of distri buti on system is s oci alist s ociet y, however after e conomic m onopolized by powerful , vested i nterests grow, em ployers do not have the same stat us, hardly seems fair s ocia l distri buti on.

State key protecti on of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citize ns, had bee n hits the bottom of t he pr oletariat

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则。 【B】” A、活动性 B、综合性 C、发展适宜性 D、独立自主性 【答案解析】 :综合性原则是指在课程设计和教育活动时,必须以儿童身心的均衡发展为最高目的,围绕着 某一主题或方面,以儿童的直接经验和实际生活为基础,配合其能力、兴趣和需要,尽量在课程和活动中 促进儿童多层次、多角度、多学科的发展。 14、属于独立自主性教育中关注环境的基本内容。 【D】 A、学习“安静” B、学习开门 C、学习叠被子 D、学习浇花 【答案解析】 :独立自主性教育的基本内容包括生活方面、动作方面、关注环境、待人接物、学习的自主性 等方面。其中关注环境的基本内容有:儿童在团体生活中,必须清扫教室、清洗桌椅、擦拭器皿、浇花、 除草、饲养小动物等。 15、教师通过自己的语言、动作或教学表演,为儿童提供具体模仿的范例,这种方法是【A】 。 A、示范法 B、范例法 C、观察法 D、演示法 16、是幼儿教师最常用和最普遍使用的教育教学方法。 【 D】 A、游戏化方法 B、环境体验法 C、行动操练法 D、语言法 【答案解析】 :语言法是儿童教师最常用的和最普遍使用的教育教学方法,即教师以语言为主要工具对儿童 进行说教、指导劝说等,以达到相应的教育目的。 17、发泄法主要包括两个方面的内容: 【B】 。 A、语言的发泄,动作的发泄 B、生理的发泄,心理的发泄 C、肢体的发泄,情绪的发泄 D、外在的发泄,内在的发泄 【答案解析】 : 发泄法主要包括两个方面的内容, 一是生理的发泄, 二是心理的发泄。 它们都是使儿童生理、 心理得到正常发展的重要方法。 18、__________是被《未成年人保护法》所严令禁止的,是根本不允许在幼儿园以及各级教育机构使用 的。 【D】 A、自然后果的惩罚 B、剥夺性惩罚 C、社会性惩罚 D、生理性惩罚
Obvi ousl y, face China's Socialist system, the Communist Party is not the party. I n that ca se, political chaos has been very t ight. Is remodeling or reconstr uction, is a corre ction or a stove . Whether to t urn right or left, is back t o the s ource or put forward new political i deas. 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过 This is to determine the road probl ems in China , is als o the key out of the deep water of the reform of the economic system. After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea dership attaches great importa nce t o political or ientation. First, the "Central eight articles" as a starting poi nt, starting from the Central Gov ernment's s elf -restraint, w hich prea ches a nd pro -image, br ought fres h feeling to the community. Secondl y, before reform and openi ng up and reform and ope ning tw o peri ods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangle of the s ociety a long time on this is sue . Third, a new ge neration of party lea ders on various occas ions to Ma o Ze-D ong a nd M ao Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluation ha s room for manoeuvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl ose r, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe nins ula, Si no -Japane se fishi ng har dline Chi na on the isla nd out of the "pati ent" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradual ly plan

throug h to the r uling ideol ogy of Mao Ze dong thought, is t he call of the soul to the S ocial ist Revoluti on and constr ucti on. Em pty talks jeopardize national interest s and try agai n, is an affirmation of Deng Xiao -pi ng's reform idea s. These strong politi cal sig nal showi ng a new ge neration of polit ical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting the "talki ng to Mao Ze -D ong's histori cal cy cle of" high profile anti -corruption a nd t he importance of the Constit ution, reorgani zation is ba d style of official dom, was t o civiliz e pe ople obey t he law, while im proving t he col or cha nge of the regime of vigilance. Five is to reform into deeper water s and stresse d that top -level desig n, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in the past, is al so looking for a way out. development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, t ypi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

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promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health syst em reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r. To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system t o protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt. To improve natural resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defen se and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics. To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y. The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after econom ic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on. State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

【答案解析】 :生理性惩罚实际上就是体罚,即通过对儿童身体的野蛮、粗暴管制,试图使儿童思想、行为 发生转变的一种不正确的教育法。这种强烈刺激儿童身体的方法是被《未成年人保护法》所严令禁止的, 是根本不允许在幼儿园以及各级教育机构使用的。 19、联合国教科文组织在一本书中指出:“对幼儿照料与教育,就像纬线和经线一样紧密地交织在一起。” 这句话强调【D】 。 A、集体教育和个别教育相结合 B、家园配合 C、因材施教 D、保教结合 【答案解析】 : 保教结合是世界学前教育的发展趋势。 在婴儿的每一项生活内容中都有保健与教育两重任务。 近年来世界各国幼教都强调保教合一。 20、对于1岁半以后的儿童,应提供的玩具和游戏材料有【B 】 。 A、不倒翁,拨浪鼓 B、手工、绘画材料 C、色彩鲜明的小球 D、用手穿的大木珠 【答案解析】 :1岁半以后的儿童可提供操作游戏材料(如积木、套盒、拼图等),手工绘画材料(大画纸、彩 色笔、旧画报等),沙、水等游戏材料(小铲、木桶、杯、漂浮玩具等),发展婴儿智力的塑料插片,拼图积 木,配对画片,几何形体盒等。 21、“接受外人的照料,开始正常的活动,如吃东西、玩玩具,但是看见母亲时又会出现悲伤的表情”属于 分离焦虑的【C】 。 A、反抗阶段 B、失望阶段 C、超脱阶段 D、平复阶段 【答案解析】 :约翰?鲍尔比通过观察把婴儿的分离焦虑分为三个阶段:反抗阶段——嚎啕大哭,又踢又闹; 失望阶段——仍然哭泣,断断续续,动作的吵闹减少,不理睬他人,表情迟钝;超脱阶段 ——接受外人的 照料,开始正常的活动,如吃东西、玩玩具,但是看见母亲时又会出现悲伤的表情。 22、__________幼儿的特点是求知欲强,好学乐问,对周围的一切都非常关注。 【D】 A、学前班 B、小班 C、中班 D、大班 【答案解析】 :大班幼儿身心都有了进一步的发展:儿童观察力和理解力增强,求知欲和好奇心盛,爱说, 好动,而且逐渐变得有情感,有意志要求和独立个性,自我意识有一定的发展,喜欢自由活动,渴望参加 成人活动,盼望自己快点长大。 23、教师每天邀请一名幼儿的家长来校参加整个半天的活动,这是__________的做法。 【D】 A、美国保育学校 B、法国保育学校 C、德国保育学校 D、英国保育学校 【答案解析】 :英国保育学校的做法是:教师每天邀请一名幼儿的家长来校参加整个半天的活动,在孩子早 晨来园的时候,教师首先向大家介绍今天来的是谁的家长,小朋友表示欢迎。 24、__________是家长和幼儿园之间的桥梁,促进家园合作,体现幼儿园和家长的伙伴关系。 【B】

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas . 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self-re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino-Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas. These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce . development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ... Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o f acilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh sy stems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, buil ding a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leadershi p, give full play to t he core rol e of the party commands the overall sit uation and coor dinati ng all parties, impr oving t he party's leadi ng water .. . Margin. Challe nged the leadershi p of the Communist Party of China, Marxism -Le ninism a nd Mao Ze dong thoug ht by De ng Xiao -pi ng's flag, replace d by t hree re prese ntatives and the harmonic society.

The former Communi st Party s pirit and s ocial cohesi on poi nt of almost all political makeover. Chara cteristi cs of s oci alism publi c owners hip is s hifting to private ow ners hip, pla nne d regulati on a nd market reg ulat ion, the prol etarian regime control led by the e lite. Of universal equality, fair ness a nd basi c pri nciples of distri buti on system is s oci alist s ociet y, however after e conomic m onopolized by powerful , vested i nterests grow, em ployers do not have the same stat us, hardly seems fair s ocia l distri buti on.

State key protecti on of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citize ns, had bee n hits the bottom of t he pr oletariat

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A、咨询活动 B、家长委员会 C、家长学校 D、电话联系 【答案解析】 :我国《幼儿园工作规程》规定幼儿园应成立家长委员会。其成员由各个年龄班选出的家长代 表组成,参与幼儿园的民主管理,参与幼儿园重大问题的讨论和决策,同时家长委员会也是家长和幼儿园 之间的桥梁,促进家园的合作,体现幼儿园和家长的伙伴关系。 25、__________创建于内蒙古锡林浩特的草原牧区。 【A】 A、流动幼儿园 B、巡回辅导班 C、游戏点 D、儿童游戏场 【答案解析】 :流动幼儿园创建于内蒙古锡林浩特的草原牧区。该地区地广人稀(平均每1?8平方千米只有1 人)且居住分散,交通不便,全年无霜期短(只有90~120天),因此推进学前教育不宜采用幼儿园、学前班、 幼儿班等形式。[page] 二、名词解释(本大题共5小题,每小题6分,共30分) 26、环境决定论 【答案】 :环境决定论:环境决定论是指否认遗传素质的作用,强调人的机体构造、形态、神经系统机制以 至能力和性格的发展及差异的形成都由环境决定的学说。 27、发现式教学法 【答案】 : 发现式教学法: 发现式教学法是指依据教师所提供的材料和问题, 通过学生自己主动的思维活动, 亲自去探索和发现事物的概念、定理、公式和解决问题的方法等的一种教学方法。 28、创造性游戏 【答案】 :创造性游戏:创造性游戏是学前儿童主动地、创造性地反映现实生活的游戏。它是学前儿童特有 的游戏,包含角色游戏、结构游戏和表演游戏等。 29、移情法 【答案】 :移情法:移情法是学前教育的基本方法,强调认知情绪系统的交互作用,综合运用认知提示、情 感换位、巩固深化和情境表演等技术,由近及远、由浅人深、由具体到抽象地展开儿童认知和行为的教育。 30、幼儿园环境(广义) 【答案】 :幼儿园环境(广义):从广义而言,幼儿园环境指影响幼儿园教育的一切外部条件,它既包括人的 要素,也包括物的要素,既包括家庭、社会、自然等幼儿园外的大环境,也包括幼儿园内的小环境。幼儿 是在与环境的相互作用过程中获得成长的。[page] 三、简答题(本大题共4小题,每小题8分、共32分) 31、简述幼儿园室内活动区创设中应注意的问题。 【答案要点】(1)关于活动区种类和数量的选择。①培养目标。在创设活动区时,要考虑活动区应当能体现 《规程》中提出的教育目标,提供给孩子们在身体语言、认知、社会和品德、情绪和美感发展方面的经验。 ②本班的实际情况教师要根据现有条件来选择活动区的种类和数量,因地制宜,不盲目抄袭别人。③本阶 段的教育重点。 (2)关于活动区材料的投放。材料玩具是幼儿活动和操作的物质对象,幼儿是否对活动区感兴趣,是否能顺 利地开展活动,很大程度上依赖于材料和玩具的提供,应做到:材料和玩具多样化;材料和玩具摆放清楚 明确。
Obvi ousl y, face China's Socialist system, the Communist Party is not the party. I n that ca se, political chaos has been very t ight. Is remodeling or reconstr uction, is a corre ction or a stove . Whether to t urn right or left, is back t o the s ource or put forward new political i deas. 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过 This is to determine the road probl ems in China , is als o the key out of the deep water of the reform of the economic system. After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea dership attaches great importa nce t o political or ientation. First, the "Central eight articles" as a starting poi nt, starting from the Central Gov ernment's s elf -restraint, w hich prea ches a nd pro -image, br ought fres h feeling to the community. Secondl y, before reform and openi ng up and reform and ope ning tw o peri ods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangle of the s ociety a long time on this is sue . Third, a new ge neration of party lea ders on various occas ions to Ma o Ze-D ong a nd M ao Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluation ha s room for manoeuvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl ose r, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe nins ula, Si no -Japane se fishi ng har dline Chi na on the isla nd out of the "pati ent" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradual ly plan

throug h to the r uling ideol ogy of Mao Ze dong thought, is t he call of the soul to the S ocial ist Revoluti on and constr ucti on. Em pty talks jeopardize national interest s and try agai n, is an affirmation of Deng Xiao -pi ng's reform idea s. These strong politi cal sig nal showi ng a new ge neration of polit ical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting the "talki ng to Mao Ze -D ong's histori cal cy cle of" high profile anti -corruption a nd t he importance of the Constit ution, reorgani zation is ba d style of official dom, was t o civiliz e pe ople obey t he law, while im proving t he col or cha nge of the regime of vigilance. Five is to reform into deeper water s and stresse d that top -level desig n, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in the past, is al so looking for a way out. development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, t ypi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

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promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health syst em reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r. To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh systems of ecol ogical system, using the system t o protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt. To improve natural resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defen se and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, building a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics. To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the party's leader shi p, give full play to the core r ole of the party commands t he overall sit uation and coordi nating all parties, impr oving the party's leadi ng water ... Margin. Challe nged t he leadershi p of the Communi st Party of Chi na, Marxi sm-Leni nism and Mao Ze dong thought by Deng Xiao -pi ng's fla g, replace d by thre e repres entatives and the harmonic s ociet y. The former Communist Party spirit and social cohesi on poi nt of almost all politica l makeover. Chara cteristics of socialism publi c ow ners hip is shifting to private ow nership, planned reg ulation and market regulati on, t he pr oletari an regime controlle d by the elite . Of univ ersal equality, fairness a nd basi c principl es of distri buti on sy stem is socialist s ociet y, however after econom ic monopolize d by powerful, ve sted interest s grow, employers do not have t he same status, har dly se ems fair socia l distri buti on. State key protection of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citiz ens , had bee n hits the bott om of the prol etariat

(3)关于活动区的合理布置。教师在具体规划和合理布置众多的区域时需要考虑下述几点:①各个活动区之 间的界限性;②各活动区之间的相容性;③各活动区之间的转换性。 (4)关于活动区规则的确定。规则是保证活动区活动顺利开展的重要因素。一方面教师要善用环境来暗示规 则。另一方面,教师也要明确制订一些规则,以保证活动的顺利进行。 32、幼儿园教师资格认定包括哪几方面? 【答案要点】幼儿园教师资格认定一般包括以下几方面: (1)遵守宪法和法律,拥护党的基本路线; (2)热爱幼儿教育事业,爱护幼儿,具有良好的思想品德,为人师表,忠于职守; (3)具备幼儿师范学校毕业及其以上学历,或经国家教师资格考试合格; (4)有教育教学能力,努力学习专业知识和技能,提高文化和专业水平; (5)身体健康。 33.简述家庭教育的有效方法 【答案要点】家庭教育的有效方法如下: (1)细心观察。 (2)满足兴趣。 (3)动手多练。 (4)游戏学习。 (5)鼓励成功。 (6)晓之以理,动之以情,导之以行。 (7)巧用提示。 (8)公平适度。 (9)做轻松的父母。 34.简述保育员应具备的素质。 【答案要点】 (1)心理素质 ①合作精神;②意志坚强,耐心细致;③良好的自我认知能力和形象。 (2)专业素质 ①爱心。由于保育员的日常工作更多的是幼儿生活的管理,因此要求保育员要用慈母一样的爱心来照顾孩 子;②丰富的知识;③教育意识和教育能力;④熟练的操作技能;⑤处理意外事故和急救处理能力。[page] 四、论述题(本大题13分) 35.请结合实际谈谈如何处理好中班幼儿的同伴关系。 【答案要点】要处理好中班幼儿的同伴关系,必须从以下方面着手: (1)教给幼儿必要的社会交往技能 社会交往能力是与人发生联系,进行人际间信息交流,沟通与理解,协调相互行为,处理人与人之间相互 关系的能力。幼儿社会交往能力的发展对其社会化及其道德品质的形成是十分必要的。根据中班幼儿的发 展特点,教师在教育过程中应该注意以下几点: ①尽可能地为幼儿创造交往的机会,鼓励幼儿与人交往。 ②教给幼儿交往的技巧。 ③通过角色游戏发展幼儿的社会交往能力。 ④通过一些专门设计的活动来发展幼儿的社会交往能力。 (2)纠正幼儿的不良行为,解决幼儿之间的冲突 幼儿到了中班年龄开始理解行为的规则,能够初步地遵守规则,但是总的来说,由于他们的自控能力有限, 犯规的行为仍然经常不断,其行为问题的发生频率高,呈现出行为问题突增的趋势。这也是一些教师认为 中班幼儿最难带的主要原因之一。对此需要教师在这个阶段给予特殊的关注和指导。同时教师应该持冷静

Obvi ousl y, face Chi na's Socialist sy stem, the Communi st Party is not the party. In that case, politi cal chaos ha s bee n very tight. I s remodeling or reconstr ucti on, i s a correction or a stove. Whet her to tur n right or left, is ba ck to the source or put forward new political i deas . 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过

This is to determine the r oad pr obl ems in China, is al so the key out of the de ep water of the reform of the e conomic sy stem.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea ders hip attaches great importance to politi cal orie ntation.

First, the "Central eight arti cles" as a starti ng point, starti ng from the Ce ntral Governme nt's self-re straint, whi ch prea ches a nd pro -image, br oug ht fresh feeling to t he communit y.

Secondly, before reform and openi ng up and reform and openi ng two periods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangl e of the s oci ety a long time on t his is sue . Third, a ne w generation of part y leaders on various occasions to Mao Ze -D ong a nd Ma o Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluati on has room for manoe uvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl oser, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe ninsula , Sino-Japane se fishi ng har dli ne China on the island out of the "patie nt" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradua lly pla n

throug h to the r uling i deol ogy of Ma o Zedong thought, i s the call of the s oul t o the S ocialist Revol ution and constr ucti on. Empty talks j eopardize national interest s and try again, is a n affirmation of De ng Xia o-ping's reform i deas. These strong politica l signal showing a new ge neration of poli tical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting t he "talking to Ma o Ze-Dong's hi storical cycle of" high pr ofile anti -corrupti on a nd t he importa nce of the Constit ution, reorga nization is ba d style of official dom, wa s to civ ilize people obey the la w, w hile impr oving the col or change of the regime of vigila nce . development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ... Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o f acilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, typi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

Five is to reform into dee per waters a nd stres sed t hat top -level design, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in t he past, i s als o look ing for a way out.

promotion of empl oyment, form a rea sonable a nd orderly pattern of i ncome distri buti on, bui ld a more fair a nd s ustai nable social se curity systems, medi cal and health system reform. T he pl enar y, innovati on of s oci al governance, must focus on the mainte nance of fundame ntal interest s of the overwhelming maj ority of the pe ople, maximize fact ors, e nha nce social development, impr oving s oci al governance, the i nterests of national se curit y, e nsure t hat the people live a nd w ork, s oci al stabil ity and orde r.

To improve social gover nance, stimulati ng s ocial organizati on, i nnovative and effective system of preventing and resolvi ng s ocial conflicts, impr oving t he publi c se curity system, set up the National Security Council , national s ecurity systems and nati onal se curity strategy to e nsur e national s ecurity. Plenary sessi on, the construction of ecologi cal civ ilization, you must esta bli sh sy stems of ecol ogical system, using the system to protect t he ecologi cal e nvironme nt.

To improve natural

resour ces as set property right system a nd use control, red li ne of delimitation of e col ogical protecti on, re sources paid use system a nd e col ogical compensati on sy stem in ecologi cal envir onme nt prote ction management sy stem reform. Plenary sessi on, ce ntering on building a liste ning party comma nd, can wi n and havi ng a fine style of the pe ople' s army, a strong army under the new sit uation of the party Goal s, restricti ng the development of nati ona l defense and army buil ding i s solve d outstanding contra dicti ons a nd problems, i nnovati on a nd development of military the ory, enhance milit ary strategic guida nce, improve t he military strategy in the new period, buil ding a modern military force system with Chi nese chara cteristics.

To dee pen t he adj ustment of personnel system reform in the army, military poli cy and system reform, prom ote the development of military and civi lian integration de pth. Plenary sess ion stresse d that compre hensive reform must be to strengthen a nd impr ove the

party's leadershi p, give full play to t he core rol e of the party commands the overall sit uation and coor dinati ng all parties, impr oving t he party's leadi ng water .. . Margin. Challe nged the leadershi p of the Communist Party of China, Marxism -Le ninism a nd Mao Ze dong thoug ht by De ng Xiao -pi ng's flag, replace d by t hree re prese ntatives and the harmonic society.

The former Communi st Party s pirit and s ocial cohesi on poi nt of almost all political makeover. Chara cteristi cs of s oci alism publi c owners hip is s hifting to private ow ners hip, pla nne d regulati on a nd market reg ulat ion, the prol etarian regime control led by the e lite. Of universal equality, fair ness a nd basi c pri nciples of distri buti on system is s oci alist s ociet y, however after e conomic m onopolized by powerful , vested i nterests grow, em ployers do not have the same stat us, hardly seems fair s ocia l distri buti on.

State key protecti on of capital i nterests rather tha n the i nterests of citize ns, had bee n hits the bottom of t he pr oletariat

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的心态,将其看做是幼儿心理发展过程中的正常现象,认真、耐心、及时地引导并纠正其不当的行为。 ①正确引导幼儿的竞争行为。为了使幼儿养成正确、适当的竞争行为,教师应注意在以下方面加强对幼儿 的引导:a.正确地理解竞争;b.处理好竞争和合作的关系,处理好竞争与攻击的关系。 ②幼儿的攻击性行为的矫正。作为教育者应该关注幼儿的攻击性行为并及时地予以纠正,具体措施有:树 立正确的儿童观和教育观;提供充足的材料与空间避免攻击的产生;提供合作的榜样;帮助幼儿转移情绪, 给幼儿提供宣泄的机会;组织丰富多彩的活动,避免无谓等待的环节和时间,使幼儿全身心地投入到活动 中去。 ③幼儿说谎行为的纠正。幼儿说谎可能有不同的原因,针对幼儿的不同表现,教师要细致、耐心地分析幼 儿说谎的原因,区别加以对待,切忌随便给孩子扣上一顶说谎的大帽子。在日常生活当中,教师首先要做 出榜样,对于说真话的孩子要及时表扬和鼓励,使幼儿感受到诚实是做人最基本也是最重要的品质。 ④幼儿告状行为的纠正。教师在对待幼儿告状这个问题上要从两方面着手:~方面,倾听幼儿的告状,对 于幼儿出现的矛盾和冲突进行解决;另一方面,教师要培养幼儿独立解决问题的能力,教给幼儿解决问题 的技巧。鼓励幼儿在遇到冲突时,首先小朋友之间相互交谈、商量,想办法解决实在解决不了再来找老师。 通过多次的锻炼,幼儿就能逐渐养成独立解决问题的能力,并且从中自觉地掌握合作、协商、分享和轮流 等社交技巧。 (3)进行常规教育,组织好幼儿的一日生活 必要的常规能够保证幼儿一日生活的顺利进行,使群体生活有秩序而又有安全感。中班幼儿的心理发展处 于不平衡和冲突时期,更需要教师小心和谨慎地运用常规,帮助幼儿顺利地度过这个时期。常规的培养是 一项长期的、琐碎的工作,幼儿良好的习惯也是在不断地反复和练习中逐渐养成的。教师要持耐心一致的 教育态度,采用灵活的教育技巧,使幼儿愉快地度过幼儿园的一日生活。 (4)开展活动区活动 中班幼儿在常规、知识、技能方面已有一定基础,同时中班幼儿极为活泼好动,因此教师要充分发挥活动 区活动的教育作用,使幼儿在轻松愉快的活动中增长知识,发展兴趣。常见的活动区有角色游戏区、图书 区、自然角、美工区、积木区、玩沙玩水区等。

Obvi ousl y, face China's Socialist system, the Communist Party is not the party. I n that ca se, political chaos has been very t ight. Is remodeling or reconstr uction, is a corre ction or a stove . Whether to t urn right or left, is back t o the s ource or put forward new political i deas. 步 进 所 有 都 上 风 还 作 工 、 想 思 论 无 助 帮 们 志 同 下 导 领 组 党 局 在 战 挑 迎 物 事 新 受 接 断 不 碌 忙 又 张 紧 既 个 是 说 来 我 对 , 年 一 的 去 过

This is to determine the road probl ems in China , is als o the key out of the deep water of the reform of the economic system.

After 18, the new Ce ntral coll ective lea dership attaches great importa nce t o political or ientation.

First, the "Central eight articles" as a starting poi nt, starting from the Central Gov ernment's s elf -restraint, w hich prea ches a nd pro -image, br ought fres h feeling to the community.

Secondl y, before reform and openi ng up and reform and ope ning tw o peri ods after non -negative, untyi ng the tangle of the s ociety a long time on this is sue . Third, a new ge neration of party lea ders on various occas ions to Ma o Ze-D ong a nd M ao Ze -Dong's thoug ht of evaluation ha s room for manoeuvre, Six foreign and Rus sia cl ose r, the flexibl e attitude on the iss ue of the Korea n pe nins ula, Si no -Japane se fishi ng har dline Chi na on the isla nd out of the "pati ent" and l ow pr ofile sha dow bega n to gradual ly plan

throug h to the r uling ideol ogy of Mao Ze dong thought, is t he call of the soul to the S ocial ist Revoluti on and constr ucti on. Em pty talks jeopardize national interest s and try agai n, is an affirmation of Deng Xiao -pi ng's reform idea s. These strong politi cal sig nal showi ng a new ge neration of polit ical leader s is still kee ping to t he Socialist roa d. Four is revisiting the "talki ng to Mao Ze -D ong's histori cal cy cle of" high profile anti -corruption a nd t he importance of the Constit ution, reorgani zation is ba d style of official dom, was t o civiliz e pe ople obey t he law, while im proving t he col or cha nge of the regime of vigilance. Five is to reform into deeper water s and stresse d that top -level desig n, this i s a review on the reform and openi ng up in the past, is al so looking for a way out. development. Signs show that t he new l eaders hip began t o make a left turn in politics. However, as of right now, not only ide ologi cal confusi on i n the community, the new lea ders hip's t hinki ng is mess y. Ne w leader s bot h stresse d the need t o implement t he Constituti on, stresse d the need t o turn off the power i n a cage. Al so stre sses that Mao Zedong t hought ca nnot be lost, 30 years after the reform and openi ng up 30 years ago can not deny each ot her. Bot h advocate dem ocracy a nd rele ase "seve n does not speak of" files of politi cal constraint s. Neit her de ny the history of the CPC Central Committee on several is sues ...

Comrades : today brings t ogether member s, mainly in order to provi de a platform to Exchange a nd lear n from each other i n order t o facilitate our work. Just now, we focus on taxation, pla nni ng and stabilit y, safety, proje ct constr uction, t ypi cal topics such as private facts prese ntation and interacti on, and towns currently exist in the in -de pth a nalysis of the problems to be s olved, to ex plore new methods t o solve t he pr oblem. It can be sai d that summing up t he achievement, no grandstanding ; analy sis

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