浙江省慈溪中学 2014 届高三高考考前适应性测试 英语试题
本试题卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷两部分。满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟。
第 I 卷（共 80 分）
第一部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂 黑。 1. —Why didn’t you pay the accommodation rent? —The rent? ____________ A. It all depends. B. It’s up to you. C. You are crazy! D. That isn’t due yet. 2. It's always hard to remember a name when one doesn't have a face to go with ________. A. him B. it C. her D. one 3. The two-child policy for couples ______ either the husband or the wife is from a single child family will lead to a sudden increase in population. A. whether B. whose C. where D. that 4. The young backpacker always ____________ at the youth hostel when he’s in Kathmandu. A. puts up B. sets down C. comes about D. takes up 5. Li Yang had months of hard work,______, he passed the driving test and got the license. A. after all B. by accident C. in the end D. in surprise 6. The story about aliens from Mars was so convincing that it _______a panic across the country. A. came about B. broke out C. fell into D. set off 7. －Are there any plans to help improve the air in this area? －The government____ down a number of old factories that pollutes the environment heavily. A. has closed B. closes C. is closing D. closed 8. Sarah got this skirt at half price on the Internet. That’s a real________. A. exchange B. business C. bargain D. deal 9. The chief foods eaten in any country depend largely on _____ grows best in its climate and soil. A. which B. what C. who D. everything 10. Never compare your kids with others, or it will _____ them so hard. A. push B. urge C. match D. bless 11. He seems ________ on the playground as he often offends others while playing basketball. A. energetic B. mysterious C. realistic D. aggressive 12. Though once quite large, the population of the bird across North America has ____ declined in the past forty years. A. seriously B. approximately C. occasionally D. curiously 13. China successfully sent up the Chang'e-3 lunar probe early on Monday, ______a significant step toward deep space exploration. A .marked B. marking C. to mark D. having marked
14. －Did you reach the US the next day? －No. Believe it or not. It was three days _________I arrived there. A. that B. since C. before
15.In Scotland, there is _____ custom of marching through the streets on _____New Year’s Eve。
A. a ; the B. /; the C. a; / D. /; a 16. Though some ads ______ sound misleading or confusing, they can be very helpful. A. must B. may C. shall D. should 17. The science report by Jeanne attempts to explain how these conclusions_______. A. were reached B. had been reached C. have reached D. had reached 18. —I didn’t watch the program “Where are we going, Dad?” yesterday. —I_________, either, if my father hadn’t reminded me. A. didn’t B. wouldn’t have C. wouldn’t D. hadn’t 19. At present the young actor is guilty until proved __________. A. yet B. otherwise C. therefore D. instead 20. —What has made him unhappy recently? —__________alone to do the housework. A. Left B. To Leave C. Having left D. Being left 第二节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21～40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 “Today is the day I start the big diet,” I told my wife as I raised my hand and 21 , “No chocolate today!” “Oh, has the hospital gift shop 22 selling it?” she asked. “No,” I said. “I’ll just have to 23 my strong determination.” But when I arrived at the hospital, my little friend Benton had been there 24 . I knew my promise would 25 disappear. I'd always be eating a candy from the 26 bag he often shared with me. Benton was an eight-year-old boy who was 27 because of a kind of cancer, which caused him to live in the darkness, when he was fifteen 28 old. For the next twenty six months, he was in and out of our hospital. For nearly four years, it seemed 29 Benton could beat the disease, until one Friday afternoon in April 2009, when he 30 a headache and lost 31 on his right side. His mom 32 him to the hospital. Over the next several months, Benton came to our 33 many times. Each time he came, we 34 say hello, while Benton answered the 35 by holding out a candy from his bag. So, on that first day of my diet, I went to his room and found Benton lying in his bed, his eyes 36 but not looking into this world. “We brought his candy bag with us. Would you like to have some?” his mother asked. Without thinking of my 37 , I reached into the bag and pulled out the first piece my fingers touched. It was my favorite as if Benton had 38 one last piece for me. At home that evening, I answered a phone about Benton's 39 . As I 40 it up, I opened the candy and ate it.
21. A. shouted 22. A. stopped 23. A. make up 24. A. once 25. A. suddenly 26. A. bottomless 27. A. ill 28. A. years 29. A. even though 30. A. found 31. A. movement 32. A. hurried 33. A. home 34.A. would 35. A. meeting 36 A. closed 37. A. wife 38. A. saved 39. A. fear 40. A. put
B. answered B. continued B. depend on B. yet B. quickly B. countless B. patient B. seasons B. as if B. developed B. touch B. brought B. room B. could B. greeting B. glanced B. diet B. sold B. bag B. hung
C. stated C. kept C. get over C. again C. quietly C. endless C. deaf C. months C. if only C. suffered C. aid C. rushed C. office C. should C. encouraging C. rose C. friend C. borrowed C. death C. set
D. promised D. tried D. work out D. early D. shortly D. useless D. blind D. days D. in case D. managed D. sight D. carried D. hospital D. must D. praising D. opened D. favourite D. given D. secret D. gave
第二部分：阅读理解(第一节 20 小题。第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分) 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸上将 该选项标号涂黑。 A Katharine Meyer Graham was once described as “the most powerful woman in America.” She was not a government official or elected representative. She owned and published The Washington Post. Under her leadership, it became one of the most important newspapers in the country. Katharine Meyer was born in New York City in 1917. Her father was a successful investment banker and became an important financial official. Her family was very rich. Katharine grew up in large houses in New York and Washington. Her parents were often away from home, traveling and working, Katharine was often lonely. Katherine Meyer graduated from the University of Chicago in Illinois in 1938. In 1933, her father bought a failing newspaper, The Washington Post. It was the least successful one of five newspapers in Washington. Katharine Graham returned to Washington and got a job editing letters to the editor of her father's newspaper. She married Philip Graham. He was a clerk for Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter but soon accepted a job at his wife's father's newspaper. Mr. Graham improved The Washington Post. He bought
Newsweek and several television stations. He also established close ties with important political leaders. However, Mr. Graham treated his wife badly. He had an affair with a young reporter. For many years, Mr. Graham suffered from mental illness. He killed himself in 1963. Katharine Graham had four children to raise and a newspaper to operate. At first, she was only concerned about finding a way to keep control of The Washington Post until her sons were old enough. She did not think she had the ability to do an important job. She had no training in business or experience in operating a large company. In those days, it was unusual for a woman to be the head of a business. Women were expected to look after their homes and children. Katharine Graham met with officials of The Washington Post. She was elected president of The Washington Post Company. She had no idea about how to operate a newspaper. So she decided to learn. She began by hiring Benjamin C.Bradlee. He later became chief editor. Mr. Bradlee improved the newspaper. He hired excellent reporter and editors. They began doing important investigative reporting. In 1969, Mrs. Graham became publisher as well as president of The Washington Post Company. In the 1970s, The Washington Post became famous around the world because of two major successes. 41.Katharine Graham is considered powerful because____________. A. she was born of a very rich family B. she had the most important newspaper. C. she was in charge of the The Washington Post D. she gained much money from newspapers 42. We can infer from the second paragraph that Katharine Graham_____________. A. was one of the top students at university B. helped her father in purchasing the paper. C. didn’t take interest in managing a bank. D. lived a rich life when she was young. 43. After Katharine Graham got married___________. A. her husband gave up his previous job. B. she got a job editing letters for the editor C. she made The Washington Post improved. D. her husband wanted to be a political leader 44. Faced with the death of Mr. Graham________________. A. the four children felt lonely and hopeless B. Katharine Graham made up her mind to raise the kids. C. Katharine Graham thought more about gaining experience. D. Katharine Graham seemed to be trapped in the dark world. 45. What do you think of Benjamin C. Bradlee? A. He was an expert when it comes to earning money
B. He brought The Washington Post back to life C. He intended to buy The Washington Post. D. He should have given more help to Katharine Graham. B Below is a selection from a popular magazine. Vacations are the most exciting time in every child’s life. Vacations are the days when kids can play and have fun without many restrictions. But vocations should not be wasted just in fun. Parents should keep their children busy and their minds occupied with something. But the children should not be also forced and burdened with a lot of tuition and hobby classes. A few things kids can learn during vacations are described below: Swim－Kids should know how to swim. Swimming is an exercise that can be fun as well. Swimming lessons for kids are available during vacations. As swimming is a tiring exercise, vacations are the best time to learn it. Art & Craft－Art & craft lessons can broaden the minds of your children. These classes open the imagination gate of kids and improve their thinking. They include drawing, sketching, various types of paintings, origami and so on. Dance－If your kids have interest in dancing, make a point of letting them learn dance during vacations. Dance would keep them fresh and energetic. Dance would teach them lessons of discipline and help them to concentrate on something. Music－Music includes both singing and playing various musical instruments. Music calms the mind and soul, even for kids. Music can teach lessons of patience. Encourage your kids if they are interested in music. Camps & Vacations－Whether a family vacation or a summer camp, try to teach management lessons to your kids. If you send your kids to camps, let them learn how to live when alone and how to manage their belongings. Even when you go for family vacations teach them the importance of the trip, the details of the destination and the way one must behave when one goes on a trip. Kids are quick learners and good observers. During vacations you can ask them to help you with your work, put up a small stall and raise their own pocket money. Vacations are the time you can teach them the lessons of life, love and money. 46. To keep their children busy,_________. A. they should be given too much homework B. parents should be always watching them over. C. they should do anything they like during vacations. D. parents should make kids’ vacation meaningful 47. If you hope your kid has good fancy, you should choose__________. A. Art & Craft B. Camps & Vacations C. Music 48. What is the benefit of management lessons?
A. Kids will know the importance of money. B. The family will reduce their travel time. C. Kids will learn how to be independent. D. Parents will leave their kids as they are. 49. Who is the selection most likely intended for? A. Children B. Parents C. Teachers 50. Which is the best title for the selection ? A. Five Things Kids Can Learn During Vacations. B. Develop Your Kids’ Interest in Music. C. Make Your Kids Engaged in Homework D. A Few Tips on How to Control Kids. C
Boy’s schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art dance and music. Far from the traditional image of a culture of aggressive masculinity(阳刚) , the absence of girls gives boys the chance to develop without pressure to agree with a stereotype, a US study says. Boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to agree with the “boy code” of hiding their emotions to be a “real man”. The report, presented at a conference of the International Boys’ Schools Coalition in London attended by the heads of private and state schools, goes against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls. Tony little, headmaster of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls. The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when their females peers do better earlier in speaking and reading skills. But in single-sex schools teachers can tailor lessons to boy’s learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study’s author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia. Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with “boy-focused” approaches such as themes and characters that interests them. Because boys generally have more acute(sharp)vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given “hand-on” lessons where they are allowed to walk around. “Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine(女性的)and prefer the modern type in which violence and sexism are major themes” James wrote. Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel they had to agree with a stereotype that men should be “masterful and in charge” in relationships, “In mixed schools boys feel forced to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means.” The study reported. 51.In the eyes of the author, a single-sex school would__________. A .force boys to hide their emotions to be “real man” B. help to develop masculine aggressiveness in boys C. encourage boys to express their emotions more freely
D .naturally stress in boys the traditional image of a man 52.The phrase “received wisdom” (paragraph 3) is most likely to mean____________. A. better education B. common belief C. good behavior D. strong responsibility 53. What does Tony Little think of the British education system? A. It fails more boys than girls thoroughly B. It makes boys more emotional than girls C. It fails to give boys the attention they need D. It focuses more on mixed school education 54. Which is one of the advantages of single-sex schools according to Abigail James? A. Teaching can be tailored to suit the characteristics of boys B. Boys can focus on their lessons without being disturbed C. Boys can choose to learn whatever they are interested in D. Teaching can be designed to promote boy’s team spirit 55. According to Abigail James’s report, which of the following is characteristic of boys? A. They enjoy being in charge and master B. They love to be greatly encouraged C. They are violent and sexist D. They have sharper vision D “Daydreaming again, Barb? You'll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can't you find something useful to do?” Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it was considered an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren't allowed to dream lost the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become easily annoyed. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. Now researchers are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions. Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has concluded that daydreaming contributes to intellectual growth. It also improves concentration, attention span, and the ability to get along with others, she says. In an experiment with school children, this same researcher found that daydreaming led the children to pay more attention to detail. They had more happy feelings. They worked together better. Another researcher reported that daydreaming seemed to produce improved self-control and creative abilities. But that's only part of the story. The most remarkable thing about daydreaming may be its usefulness in shaping our future lives as we want them to be. Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. He maintained that “you can imagine your future.” Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured himself as an
inventor. For these notable achievers, it appears that their daydreams came true. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick believed that the way we picture ourselves is often the way we turn out. He offered this advice: “Hold a picture of yourself ? in your mind's eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself vividly as defeated, and that will make victory impossible. Picture yourself as winning, and that will contribute immeasurably to success. Do not picture yourself as anything, and you will drift ??” The experiences of some athletes seem to confirm this belief. For instance, John Uelses, a former pole-vaulting champion, used daydreaming techniques before each meet. He would imagine himself winning. He would vividly picture himself clearing the bar at a certain height. He would go over all the details in his mind. He would picture the stadium and the crowds. He'd even imagine the smell of the grass and the earth. He said that this exercise of the imagination left memory traces in his mind that would later help his actual performance. Why would a mental vision of success help produce real success? Dr. Maxwel Maltz, a surgeon and author, say this: “Your nervous system cannot tell the difference between an imagined experience and real experience. In either case it reacts automatically to information that you give it?? It reacts appropriately to what you think or imagine to be true.” He believes that purposeful daydreaming builds new “memories” in the brain. These positive memories improve a person's self-image. And self-image has an important effect on a person's action and accomplishments. Can you use purposeful daydreaming to shape your own future? Why not try? Here is how those who believe in creative daydreaming recommend going about it. Choose a time when you can be alone and undisturbed. Close your eyes, to permit your imagination to fly more freely. Many people find that they get best results by pretending that they are sitting before a large screen. They project the desired image of themselves onto that screen. Now picture yourself —— as vividly as possible ——the way you want to be. Remember to picture your desired goals as if you had already succeeded in arriving at them. Go over all the details of this picture. See them clearly and sharply. Impress them strongly on your memory. The resulting memory traces will supposedly start affecting your everyday life. They will help lead you to the attainment to your goals. Of course daydreaming is no substitute for hard work. If it's athletic achievement you want, you also have to get lots of practice in your sport. You have to work hard to develop skills. If it's school success you're after, you can't neglect studying. Daydreaming alone can't turn you into your heart's desire. But in combination with the more usual methods of self-development, it might make a critical difference. It could be the difference between becoming merely good at something and becoming a champion. If what researchers are saying is true, a life lived without fantasies and daydreams isn't as rich and rewarding as life can be. So they suggest setting aside a few minutes each day for daydreaming. By so doing, you may improve your physical and mental well-being. By taking a ten-or fifteen-minute “vacation” into the realm of imagination each day, you may add much to the excitement and enjoyment of your life. And who knows: You might see your own daydreams come true. 56. What is the main purpose of this article? A. to have a comparison between daydreaming and night dreaming B. to give advice on how to use purposeful daydreaming C. to convince us that daydreaming does some good to people D. to discuss the relations between daydreaming and rich imagination
57. What Henry Kaiser knew as the positive use of daydreaming is ______. A. to imagine yourself to be a nurse or an inventor B. to shape your future the way you want it to be C. to do more daydreaming with a picture in your mind D. to learn to be happy and get along with others 58.The word “story” (paragraph 5) is most likely to mean____________. A. self-control and creative abilities B. the research on daydreaming C. the benefits of daydreaming D. common attitudes towards daydreaming 59. Which of the following is NOT the step in creative daydreaming? A. Choose a time when you are alone and sit before a large screen. B. Impress the details of the picture strongly on your memory C. Close your eyes and let your imagination fly freely D. Picture yourself as vividly as possible 60. By “Daydreaming alone can’t turn you into your heart’s desire.”, the author really means________. A. Daydreaming combined with more practice will make a difference B. A life without daydreaming isn’t as rich and rewarding as life can be C. Daydreaming can’t take the place of hard work in your self-development D. Daydreaming without hard work can’t make you become what you want to be 第二节：下面文章中有本质区别处（61～65 题）需要添加小标题。请从以下选项（A、B、C、D、E 和 F）中选出符合各段意思的小标题，并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是 多余选项。 A. Gentle Manners B. The Power of Growth C. The Habit of Thinking D. The Possession of Efficiency E. The Power of College Education F. The Correctness in the Use of the Native Language What are the Marks of an Educated Man? A question often asked is: “ What are the marks of an educated man? ” A reasonable amount of learning must of course accompany an education, but, after all, that amount need not be so very great in any one field. An education will make its mark and find its evidences in certain characteristics, and capacities which have to be acquired by patient efforts, by following good examples, and by receiving wise discipline and sound instructions. These characteristics may be variously described and classified, but among them are five that should always stand out clearly enough to be seen by all men. 61. _________________________. The quite shocking untidiness and rudeness of much of the spoken English, as well as not a little of the written that years of attendance upon schools and colleges that are thought to be respectable have produced no impression. When one hears English well spoken, with standard pronunciation, and an almost unconscious choice of the right word, he recognizes it at once. How much easier he finds it to imitate
English of the other sort! 62. __________________________. When manners are artificial and forced, no matter what their form, they are bad behavior. When, however, they are the natural expression of fixed habits of thought and action, and when they reveal a refined and cultivated nature, they are good behavior. There are certain things that gentlemen do not do, and they do not do them simply because they are bad behavior. The gentleman instinctively knows the difference between those things which he may and should do and those things which he may not and should not do. 63. ___________________________. Human beings for the most part live wholly on the surface or far beyond the present moment and that part of the future which is quickly to follow it. They do not read those works of prose and poetry which have become classic because they reveal power of reflection and push that power in others. When one reflects long enough to ask the question how, he is on the way to knowing something about science. When he reflects long enough to ask the question why, he may, if he persists, even become a philosopher. 64. ____________________________. An educated man continues to develop from birth to his dying day. His interests expand, his knowledge increases, and this reflection becomes deeper and wider. It would appear to be true that not many human beings, even those who have had a school and college education, continue to grow after they are twenty-four or twenty-five years of age. By that time it is usual to settle down to life on a level of more or less contented intellectual interest and activity. The whole present-day movement for adult education is a systematic and definite attempt to keep human beings developing long after they have left school and college, and therefore, to help educate them. 65.____________________________ The mere visionary dreamer, however charming or however wise, lacks something that an education requires. The power to do may be exercised in any one of a thousand ways, but when it clearly shows itself, that is evidence that the period of discipline of study and of companionship with parents and teachers has not been in vain.
第 II 卷(共 40 分)
第三部分：写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 l0 处，多者(从第 ll 处起)不计分。 例如: It was very nice to get your invitation to spend /\ weekend with you. Luckily I was the am completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 pm in Friday evening. on
With the growing popularity of the Internet, more and more children are addicted to play online games day and night. It does harm not only to their health, especial their eyes, but also to their studies. Comparing with online games, many traditional games, like hide-and-seek, benefits kids mentally and physically. They were ever popular to several generations, which not only learned something valuable but also had fun playing the games. Therefore, the games are dying away now. Personally, I think teachers and parents should take measure to limit their children's Internet time. Let children to know the harm of online games and the benefits of traditional games. Help children judge the healthy and unhealthy games. What's more, we should often organize events for children in which traditional games played. 第二节：书面表达(满分 30 分) 最近你校组织了一次“五水共治”宣传教育活动，你班同学积极参加。请以“Saving Water”为题， 用英语写一篇 100—120 个词的短文，说明节约用水更应该得到我们的重视。要求如下： 1、节水的理由； 2、如何节水（列举你生活中 1-2 个事例） 注意：文章的标题已给出（不计词数） Saving Water ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________
I.单选题 1---5 DBCAC II. 完形填空： 21---25 DABCB III. 阅读理解： 41---45 CDADB 61—65 FACBD
51—55 CBCAD 56—60 CBCAD
短文改错： With the growing popularity of the Internet, more and more children are addicted to play playing online games day and night. It does harm not only to their health, especial their eyes, but also to especially their studies. Comparing with online games, many traditional games, like hide-and-seek, benefits kids Compared benefit mentally and physically. They were ever popular to several generations, which not only learned with who something valuable but also had fun playing the games. Therefore, the games are dying away now. However Personally, I think teachers and parents should take measure to limit their children's Internet measures time. Let children to know the harm of online games and the benefits of traditional games. Help children judge the healthy and unhealthy games. What's more, we should often organize events for children in which traditional games ∧ played. are 书面表达：
One version for reference As we know, water is very important in our life. We drink and use it every day. We can’t live without water, but the water on the earth is limited. So we must try our bes t to protect and save water. There are many ways to saver water in daily life. For example, we should not forget to turn the tap off when we leave. When we wash our clothes or bowls, we should use soap powder as little as possible in order not to pollute the rivers. Besides, we should try our best to collect and reuse waste water.
if everyone can save every drop of water, our world will become more and more beautiful, and our life will be better and better.