高一 必修 1
Nelson Mandela －a modern hero
Learning about Language ＆ Using Language
Discovering useful words and expressions
Ⅰ. Find the correct words or expressions from the text for each sentence. persuade ⒈ He is so stubborn that no one can _________ him to do anything. ⒉ A ___________ person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is. determined
⒊ My grandpa _________ fishing and sometimes he fishes all day in the river. is fond of
⒋ Liu Xiaoding is a good teacher and ___________ his students very much. cares about ⒌ I ______ the red dress to the green one because it fits me better. prefer organized ⒍ The concert went like clockwork because Li Pei had _________ it so well.
fare gave in ⒎ I wanted to pay the train ____ , but my friend insisted. Finally I _______ .
⒏ She persuaded all of us to _____ to work instead of taking a bus. cycle
Ⅱ. Choose the correct words or phrases to complete the sentences. give in ⒈ As neither of them would _______ no decision was taken that day. (give in / give up) ⒉ I _____ the first flat we saw ______ because it was larger. (like … better / liked better prefer … to) ⒊ The task was difficult, but Helen’s __________ expression let me know that determined she would not give up. (stubborn / determined) ⒋ The list of gifts was very long, and we don’t know why, but the most important _____ , the golden cup, was forgotten. (detail / item) item journey ⒌ “How I wish I could make a ________ into space and see the stars up close!” cried Sarah. (journey / travel) ⒍ When he returned from his successful climb to Mount Qomolongma, Andrew journal finished his travel _______ and gave it to the newspaper. (journal / diary) ⒎ She had only one shortcoming : she was very stubborn. (disadvantage / ___________ shortcoming) ⒏ The very first time that Joe saw the film “ET” directed by Steven Spielberg, he
________________ to become a director too. (make up one’s mind / change made up his mind one’s mind)
Ⅲ. Complete this passage with some of the following words.
rapids glacier mountain delta plain valley waterfall bank I really enjoyed my school field trip in geography two months ago. We saw so many beautiful things: a _______ that flowed like a river of ice through a glacier ______ that cut the mountains into two parts. We also discovered a river that valley was falling off the mountain and became a wonderful ________ . This was even waterfall more exciting to see than the ______ where the water seemed to boil. Later we rapids followed the river to a quieter _____ and finally into a ______ and the sea. plain delta
Answer key for Ex. 1 in Discovering useful structure:
A: Are you working this evening? B: No. We’re having an English party. Don’t you know? A: Yes, I do. And we’re giving some performances at the party.
What are you going to do?
B: I’m singing songs with my classmates.
Answer key for Ex. 2 on page 21:
are travelling R: Miss Wang, I hear that you ____________ (travel) along the Mekong River. That’s really exciting . Have you got everything ready?
W: Almost. R: So when ____ you _______ (leave)? are leaving W: Next Monday. are cycling R: How far ____ you _______ (cycle) each day?
W: It’s hard to say. If the weather is fine, I think we’ll be able to ride 75 km a day.
R: What about the weather in Qinghai Province? are taking W: The weather forecast is not good so we ___________ (take) a large parcel of
warm clothes with us.
R: Where ___ you ______ (stay) at night? are staying W: Usually in our tent, but sometimes in the villages along the river bank. R: What happens if you have an accident? are taking W: Don’t worry. I had some medical training at my college. Besides, we ________ (take) out insurance to cover any problems. R: Well, it sounds fine. I hope you will have a pleasant journey. Thank you for your time.
The Present Continuous Tense (现在进行时)
The Present Continuous Tense for Future Actions (现在进行时表将来) Find some rules by observing the following sentences: ⒈ Bob is going to the airport by taxi next week. ⒉ Betty is leaving for Guangzhou by plane tomorrow. ⒊ Jane is staying in Xi’an with her parents next month. ⒋ Your father is coming to see you this afternoon. 小结：此四句是现在进行时代替将来时，表示一个最近按计 划或安排打算要进行的动作，这类动词通常是瞬间动作，只限 于少数趋向性动词，常见的有：go, come, leave, sleep, stay, play,
do, have, take, get to, see off …
The Present Continuous Tense for the present actions (现在进行时表现在) Find some rules by observing the following sentences: ⒈ How are you feeling today? ⒉ He is always thinking others. ⒊ You are always leaving things about. ⒋ He is always talking big. 亲切 赞许 不满 厌烦
小结：此四句是现在进行时代替一般现在时，表示一个经常 性重复的动作或状态，这时句中常带always 或forever,以表 示说话人的某种表情，如亲切，赞叹，赞许，不满，厌烦， 埋怨等或强调情况的暂时性使其生动。
The Present Tense for Future Actions (一般现在时表将来) Find some rules by observing the following sentences: ⒈ The plane takes off at 9:30. ⒉ My plane leaves at 7:00. ⒊ When does the winter holiday begin? ⒋ What time does the train leave for Shanghai? 小结：此四句表示将来的事情已经“列入日程” 或按计 划将要发生，则用一般现在时代替将来时，但仅限于少数 动词begin, go, leave, start, take 等。
⒈ 表示现在进行时的动作有两种含义： ①表示说话的时刻正在进行的动作, 常与时间状语now, at the moment等连用。 The children are playing games over there now. ②表示现在阶段正在进行的动作，而不一定是说话时正在进行的动作，常与 today, this week, this term等连用。 Right now it is the summer vacation and I’m helping my dad on the farm. ⒉ 表示反复性或习惯性的动作，常与副词always, continually等连用，表示说话 人的赞扬，厌恶，不满，遗憾等的感情色彩。 She’s always changing her mind. 她老是改变主意。（厌烦）
⒊ 表示不久之后肯定将发生，或按计划或安排将要做的事(常与未来的时间状语 连用)，能这样用的动词多是表示“位移” “停留”的，如come, go, leave, arrive, start, begin等。
My parents are taking me home to see my grandma on Sunday.
⒈ will / shall+动词原形，表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态；或 表示自然趋势或非主语意志。
He will write you a letter next week. 他下个星期给你写信。
I shall be sixteen years old next month. 下个月我将十六岁了。（自然趋势）
⒉ be going to +动词原形，表示“就要……”，“打算……”或将要发生的事。
We’re going to have a picnic next Sunday.
⒊ 表示“位移”的词，如arrive, come, go , leave, start, begin等，可用一般现 在时表示将来安排好或即将发生的事。语气比现在进行时更肯定。 The next train leaves at 9:15.
Translate the following sentences into English, using the present continuous tense.
Mr Wang is leaving for the USA on business next week.
⒉ 我姑姑在信上说她后天将到我们家。 My aunt said that she was arriving at our home the day after tomorrow in the letter. ⒊ 我明天将什么事也不做。
I am not doing anything tomorrow.
⒋ 下个星期天我父亲要去钓鱼。 My father is going fishing next Sunday.
Choose the best
⒈ Because the shop ___ , all the T-shirts are sold at half price. (2004年浙江高考) A. has closed down C. is closing down B. closed down D. had had closed down
2. I’ve won a holiday for two weeks to Florida. I ___ my mum. (NMET2001)
A. am taking B. have taken
D. will have taken
3. “Can I join your club, dad?” “You can when you ___ a bit older.” (NMET 1994) A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got
4. At this time tomorrow ______over the Atlantic. (2003年北京高考) A. we’re going to fly B. we’ll be flying
C. we’ll fly
D. we’re to fly
⒈ To create some situations in which can use continuous tense to express future , and then share with the classmates in next lesson. ⒉ Finish WB P56 Ex. 1-3.
Ⅰ. Some words can be used as a noun and a verb, for example: View bend flow transport forecast pace Look at the sentences below and find the correct word to fill in the blanks. Then decide whether each word is being used as a verb or a noun. ⒈ Picking up something heavy, you should ________ your knees. bend (v.) bend (n.) A _______ in the river makes the water slow its speed. ⒉ I love this house with its wonderful view (n.) across this valley. _______ It is too late to _______ this house today. Let’s go tomorrow. view (v.) ⒊ The Mekong River ________ into the South China Sea. flows (v.) Many people like to see the ________ of ice near the Antarctic. flow (n.) transport (v.) ⒋ you can ____________ goods to other countries by sea or by air. The quickest method of ___________ in London is by Underground. transport (n.) ⒌ It is difficult to be correct when you __________ the future. forecast (v.) The weather __________ is not always accurate either. forecast (n.) pace (n.) ⒍ The tortoise moves at a very slow ________ . pace (v.) If you _________ yourself, you will be able to work efficiently.
Ⅱ. Use the following words or expressions in the correct form to fill in the passage. Then try to translate it into Chinese. as usual graduate parcel forecast
schedule insurance attitude Ever since I ____________ from university. I’ve regretted that I graduated didn’t work harder, I seldom followed my own work ________ . My schedule ______ then was not serious enough even though my father ________ attitude forecasted
trouble for me, _________ he was right. I tried to get a job in an as usual
___________ company, but I failed. Now I work in a post office insurance checking _______ every day. Although I still smile, I am not that parcel
Ⅲ. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words in brackets. ⒈ 当我们发现山洞时已是深夜。 (midnight; cave) It was midnight when we found the cave. ⒉ 在那座山上有一座海拔高达3000多米的一座庙宇。 (temple; altitude) On that mountain lies a temple at an altitude of more than 3,000 metres above sea level. ⒊ 明亮的火焰熊熊地燃烧，水壶里的水开始沸腾。(flame; boil) The flame of the fire burnt brightly and the kettle began to boil. ⒋ 这家店卖质量很好的枕头和被子。 (wool; pillow; quilt) The shop sells good wool pillows and quilts. ⒌ 每年成千上万只蝴蝶会从各个地方来到泉边。(butterfly) Every year thousands of butterflies fly to the spring from all places around it / everywhere. ⒍ 他看起来像是个善良又可靠的人，可实际上他只在乎自己的钱。(reliable) He looks like a nice and reliable man, but in fact the only thing he cares about is money. ⒎ 孩子们在蓝蓝的天空下建起了沙滩城堡。(castle; beneath) The children are building sand castles beneath a blue sky.