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2015-2016学年高中英语 Unit3 Period2 Warming Up & Reading课件 新人教版选修7

2015-2016学年高中英语 Unit3 Period2 Warming Up & Reading课件 新人教版选修7


教 学 目 标 分 析

Period Ⅱ

Warming Up & Reading

教 学 方 案 设 计

课 堂 互 动 探 究

(教师用书独具)
●教学目标 1.熟记学案中所列出的单词和短语。 2.通过学案中所给出的重点单词和重点短语的学习,让学 生能够正确理解和使用这些单词和短语。 3.通过对这些词汇的理解能够更深层次理解课文,并通过 课文加深对这些词汇的理解,更加熟练运用这些词汇。 4.通过对本课文的理解,让学生学会用英语写投诉信类的 文章,以提高学生的书面表达能力。

●教学地位 单词的词性和词意变化万千, 用法多变。 在语言学习中起至 关重要的作用, 所以理解和正确运用英语单词和短语是英语学习 的关键所在。

(教师用书独具)

●新课导入建议 Have you heard of the story that the killer whale helped whalers catch huge whales?Shall we protect whales when they are endangered? Now I want to ask ××× to describe what is a killer whales like.

●教学流程设计

1.witness vt.当场见到;目击 n.目击者;证人;证据 I thought,at the time,that this was just a story but then I witnessed it with my own eyes many times.(教材 P20)当时我以为 这只是个故事,但是后来我亲眼见证过多次。

China's rapid development in the last years has witnessed a powerful and prosperous country. 中国近几年的快速发展见证了中国是一个强大繁荣的国家。 I was a witness to their quarrel. 我是他们吵架时的目击者。

①witness to...(to 为介词)证实,证明?? witness for 为??作证 be witnessed by 由??证明 ②be a witness to 是??的证据/证人 bear/give witness to 做??的证人,为??作证 in witness of 作为??的证据

In the past the sea level was much higher, as is witnessed by remnants of raised beaches.过去海平面要高得多, 这些高出来的 海岸遗迹可以作证。 New York's grand buildings bear witness to the city's magnificent past. 纽约的雄伟建筑是该城市过去辉煌的见证。

【助记】 一语言尽 witness The witness who witnessed the accident gave witness to the police and promised to be a witness.这个目击了这场事故的目击 者向警察提交了证据并且答应做证人。

完成句子 ①Several people said they 袭击事件). ②His good health is 的证明). (就是这种疗法成功 (目击了这个

【答案】 ①had witnessed the attack/were witnesses to the attack ②a witness to the success of the treatment

2.accommodation n.住所;住宿;和解 On the afternoon I arrived at the station,as I was sorting out my accommodation,I heard a loud noise coming from the bay.(教材 P20)有一天下午我来到捕鲸站,正在找住处的时候,我 听到从海湾那边传来一阵喧闹声。 Please make your own arrangements for accommodation.请 自行安排住宿。 They reached an accommodation with neighbouring countries.他们同邻国和解了。

①make/offer accommodations for 为??提供食宿 arrange sb.'s accommodation 给某人安排住处 ②accommodate vt.向??提供住处(或食宿);容纳,招待住 宿;供应,供给;使适应,使适合,调节适应?? accommodate sb.with 向??提供 ? ?to...适应?? ?...to...?=adapt...to...?使?? ? accommodate+?适应?? ? ?oneself to?=adapt oneself to? ? ?使某人适应

The travel agency has arranged our accommodations. 旅行社已为我们安排了住宿。 I quickly needed to accommodate to the new schedule. 我需要迅速适应新的时间表。

完成句子 ①非常感谢您为我提供膳宿。 Thank you very much for ②我们必须使自己适应新的情况。 We must new conditions.
②accommodate

me.

【答案】 ①making accommodations for ourselves to

3.opposite prep.在??对面 adj.相对的;相反的 We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal opposite us throwing itself out of the water and then crashing down again.(教材 P20) 我们及时赶到岸边, 看到对面有一个庞大的动物猛力跃出水 面,然后又坠落到水里。 The bank is opposite the supermarket. 银行在超市对面。 She hurried away in the opposite direction. 她朝着相反的方向匆匆离去。

be opposite from 与??相反;不相容 be opposite to 在??对面;与??相反 oppose vt.反对 opposed adj.反对的,不同的 be opposed to 反对?? opposing adj.对抗的 opposition n.反对;反抗

His store is opposite to mine.他的店在我的对面。 They are all opposed to naming the high school after Martin. 他们都反对以马丁的名字命名这所高中。

完成句子 ①我反对与他人一起外出购物。 I going shopping with others.

②他走进来,坐在我对面的座位上。 He came in and took a seat
【答案】 ①am opposed to

me.
②opposite to

4.yell vi.大叫;呼喊 n.叫声;喊声 Another whaler yelled out,“Rushoo...rushoo”.(教材 P20)另外一位捕鲸人大声喊道,“快走啊??走啊”。 The crowd yelled encouragement at the players. 人群大声叫喊着给运动员加油。 She let out a yell when she saw me. 当她看到我时,她大叫了一声。

①yell at 冲??大喊 yell one's head off 大声叫喊 yell out 大声喊叫 yell for help 大声呼救 ②let out(give)a yell 大喊一声

They yelled at him to stop. 他们朝他喊,让他停下。 I yelled out in pain.我疼得大声喊叫。

选词填空:for,with,at,off ①Don't yell me. just

②Will you boys stop yelling your heads outside my window? ③The man is yelling ④They yelled
【答案】 ①at ②off

help. excitement.
③for ④with

5.pause vi.& n.暂停,停顿 Without pausing we jumped into the boat with the other whalers and headed out into the bay.一刻不停地,我们和其他捕 鲸人都跳进渔船,朝海湾方向驶去。 He paused for breath and then continued climbing. 他停下来喘了口气,然后继续爬山。 We worked for four hours without a pause. 我们连续工作了四个小时。

①pause to do sth.停下来去做某事 pause for 停下来为?? ②give sb.pause(for thought)让某人停下来(仔细思 考)/without pause 不停

She paused her video to answer the phone. 她停下录像机去接电话。 After a brief pause,they continued climbing. 他们略停了一下就继续爬山。

完成句子 ①请停下来考虑一下这个问题。 Please the matter.

②一次可以避免的事故,值得我们都停下来仔细考虑一下。 An avoidable accident should
【答案】 thought ①pause to consider

us

.

②give ; all pause for

6.flee vi.逃避;逃跑 vt.逃离 And those others are stopping it diving or fleeing out to sea...(教材 P20) 而其他那些(虎鲸)则阻止它潜水或逃到海里去?? Tom was lucky to flee the burning hotel. 汤姆很幸运地逃出了失火的旅馆。 The robbers fled when they saw the police. 强盗看见警察便逃跑了。

flee(from) 从??逃跑 flee to/into 逃到?? flee in all directions/every direction 四处逃窜 flee the responsibility 逃避责任

He fled to London after an argument with his family. 他与家人争吵后离家去了伦敦。 The customers fled from the bank when the alarm sounded. 警铃响起,顾客们纷纷从银行逃走。

flee/escape 作“逃跑”讲时可作及物和不及物 flee 动词,指因害怕会有危险而逃离某 地,重点在动作本身。 作“逃跑”讲时为不及物动词,指 escape 从监禁、不愉快或危险处境中逃脱, 重点在结果。

选词填空:flee,escape The enemy soldiers were of them could
【答案】

in all directions,but few

.
fleeing;escape

7. Within a moment or two, its body was dragged swiftly by the killers down into the depths of the sea.(教材 P20)过了片刻, 鲸 的尸体就被虎鲸们迅速拖向深海中去了。 (1)drag vt.拖;拉;扯 He grabbed her and dragged her away. 他抓住她,把她拖走了。 The horse was dragging a heavy load. 马拖着重载。

drag down 使健康情况变坏;使道德水平或社会地位下降; 拖后腿 drag away 拖走 drag in 插入不相干的话题 drag up 提起(不愿回忆或谈论的事) drag out 拖出来;(使)拖延 drag on 使??拖延;延长(声调、字眼等)

How long can she drag this argument out? 她会把这场争论拖到什么时候? If he fails,he'll drag us all down with him. 要是他失败了,他会使我们大家连同他一起毁掉的。

pull/draw/drag
Help me move the piano “拉”,普通用词,指“用 over there;you push and I 力拉”,当不强调力的大小 will pull. 时,与push相对。 帮我把那儿的钢琴搬过来, 你用力推,我来拉。 与pull意思相近,不表力度、 After some time,he began 强度如何,通常指“拖、拉”to draw the net in. 的动作,比pull更均匀、平 过了一些时候,他开始收网 稳、从容。 。 指艰难而缓慢地“拖、拉” She dragged her child to the 笨重的东西,含“费力和用 dentist's.她强拉她的孩子到 劲”之意。 牙科诊所去。

pull

draw

drag

【助记】

完成句子 ①他挣扎着起了床。 He himself bed.

②聚会太开心了,我舍不得离开。 The party was so good that I couldn't myself
【答案】

.
①drags;out of ②drag;away

选词填空:drag,draw,pull ③My brother ④They immovable. ⑤Please
【答案】

a heavy box out of a cupboard. hard , but the big rock remained

the curtain across the window.
③dragged ④pulled ⑤draw

(2)depth n.深;深度;深处 What's the depth of this lake?这个湖有多深? The person has great depth.这个人很有内涵。

in depth 全面;深入;详细 beyond/out of one's depth 不能理解;力所不及 from the depth of the mind 从心底里;真心地 at a depth of...在??的深度 in the depth(s) of 在正中;在深处

Can you tell us the accident in depth? 你能详细地给我们描述那次事故吗? The new theory is totally out of my depth. 我完全理解不了这项新理论。

【教师备课资源】 注意体会下列词的变化及词性: deep(adj.)→depth(n.)→deepen(v.) high(adj.)→height(n.)→heighten(v.) wide(adj.)→width(n.)→widen(v.) long(adj.)→length(n.)→lengthen(v.) strong(adj.)→strength(n.)→strengthen(v.)

完成句子 ⑥I haven't read the report ⑦This kind of fish lives
【答案】 ⑥in depth

(详细地)yet. (海洋深处).

⑦in the depths of the sea

8.urge vt.催促;极力主张;驱策 n.强烈的欲望;冲动 “Man overboard! Turn the boat around! ”urged George, shouting loudly.(教材 P20) 乔治大声催促道:“有人落水了!把船头调回去!” They urged us to go at once.他们催促我们马上去。 I have a sudden urge to go to the countryside. 我突然想到乡下去一趟。

①urge sb.to do sth.催促某人做某事 urge sth.on/upon sb.=urge on/upon sb.sth. 向某人极力陈述某事 urge sb.into doing sth.催促/力劝某人做某事 urge that...(should) +动词原形 催促;极力主张?? ②have an urge to do sth.有做某事的冲动 ③urgent adj. 紧急的;急迫的 ④urgently adv. 紧急地;急迫地 ⑤urgency n. 急切;迫切

The report urged that all children (should)be taught to swim.这份报告呼吁给所有的儿童教授游泳。 The law is in urgent need of reform. 这项法律亟待修订。
【提示】 urge 后跟从句时, 从句需用虚拟语气, 即 should +动词原形,其中 should 可省略。与之用法相同的单词可用以 下口诀表示:一坚持 insist;二命令 order,command;三建议 suggest,advise,propose;四要求 desire,demand,require, request。

完成句子 ①The vacation is drawing near and I (有去旅游的冲动). ②On March 11,2011,an extremely big earthquake hit the Northeastern areas of Japan.The disaster area is (急需援助).

【答案】 aid

①have an urge to travel

②in urgent need of

9.abandon vt.遗弃;抛弃;放弃;(使)沉湎于 n.放任; 放纵 From James's face,I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us.(教材 P21) 从詹姆斯的脸上,我能看出他害怕被我们遗弃。 Jackson has abandoned his old car. 杰克逊把他那辆旧车扔了。 People were shouting and cheering with abandon. 人们兴高采烈,纵情欢呼。

①abandon sth.放弃某物 abandon oneself to 沉湎于?? ②in/with abandon 放肆地;恣意地 ③abandoned adj.被遗弃的;放荡的

Nowadays many students abandon themselves to playing computer games. 如今,好多学生都沉溺于电脑游戏。 He abandoned his wife and children. 他遗弃了妻子和孩子。

abandon/desert/quit/give up

abandon 指不得已而遗弃、放弃人或事物。
desert 强调故意逃避应尽的义务和职责,违背誓 言,有责难之意。

指“放弃,退出,离开”,多指突然或不 quit 情愿放弃,也有“中止;离职,辞职”的 意思。 give up 为常用词,多用于口语,与abandon同义。

Never desert a friend in need. 决不要抛弃有困难的朋友。 My father has quit smoking.我父亲已戒烟了。 I can't answer that puzzle;I give up. 我猜不出这个谜语,我认输了。

选词填空:abandon,desert,give up,quit ①They ②The village was ③He ④My daughter their homes and fled to the hills. because of the flood.

smoking and drinking finally. the idea of going abroad.

【答案】

①deserted

②abandoned

③gave up/quit

④gave up/quit

完成句子 ⑤The young man does nothing but (沉溺于)pleasure. ⑥There was
【答案】

(一个弃婴)by the road.
⑥an abandoned baby

⑤abandon himself to

10.help(...)out 帮助(某人)摆脱困境或危难 What evidence was there that Old Tom was helping the whalers out?(教材 P21) 有什么证据能说明老汤姆帮助捕鲸者摆脱险境? Nobody helped me out when I lost my job. 在我失业的时候没人帮助我。 He often helps his mother out with the housework. 他经常帮助妈妈做家务。

help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事 can't help but do sth.不得不做某事 can't help doing sth.忍不住做某事 cannot help (to) do sth.不能帮忙做某事 help oneself to sth.随便取;随便用

My sister often helps me with my English. 我姐姐经常帮我学英语。 I cannot help but admire his courage , strength and competence.我不得不赞赏他的勇敢、力量和能力。 She could not help laughing.她禁不住笑了起来。

用 help 的相关短语完成句子 ①Please ②She ③My sister often ④I (不能帮忙做)it.
【答案】 ①help yourself to ②couldn't help crying ③

(随便吃)some fish. (忍不住哭了),hearing the sad news. (帮我学数学). ( 不能不认为 )he is lying , so I

helps me with/(to) study my maths can't help (to) do

④can't help but think;


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