言博文化高中英语教案—高三教案 II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Left Handedness What do Leonardo da Vinci, Marie Curie, and Albert Einstein have in common? They were all left-handed, along with other famous people including Barack Obama. In fact, an estimated 13 percent of the world’s population (25)______ be left-handed. Most people are right-handed. This fact also seems to have held true (26)______ history. In 1977, scientists studied works of art made at various times starting with cave drawings from 15,000 B.C. and ending with paintings from the 1950s. Most of the people (27)______ (show) in these works of art are right-handed. Many researchers claim (28)______ (find)relationships between left-handedness and various physical and mental characteristics. However, (29)______ of these connections are very weak, and others have not been proven.What makes a person become right-handed rather than left-handed? As yet, no one really knows for sure. (30)______ ______ ______ reasons may be behind it, people’s attitudes toward left-handedness have changed a lot over the years. There are even a number of shops (31)______ (specialize) in selling products for left-handed people, such as left-handed scissors, can openers, guitars, and even a left-handed camera.In 1976, Left-Handers International, a group of left-handed people in Topeka, Kansas, in the United States, decided to start (32)______ annual event in order to clear up misunderstandings about left-handedness. (B) Motivating Students (33)______ ______ a young child might be nervous about starting school, he or she is often excited on the first day of school. Perhaps that excitement lasts through the first few years of school. But over time, many children are much (34) ______ (excited) about going to school because school becomes a place of ―all work and no play.‖ As the years go by, students(35)______(pressure) to do more work and to do it better, make better test scores, and have a higher class rank. It is therefore not surprising that by middle school many students lose interest in school and learning. Teachers face a big challenge in such a situation. When they enter a classroom (36)______ ______ most of the students do not want to be there and do not want to study, how can they teach? Some teachers may be tempted to focus their energy on the handful of students in the classroom who show an interest in (37)______(learn). Other teachers have to reward ―good‖ students and punishing ―bad‖ students in the hope (38)______ this may somehow motivate all students to try harder. Through his own teaching experience, Dr. Richard Lavoie became interested in the problem of motivating students. He (39)______(wonder) what motivates some students to want to learn. In studying this question, Dr. Lavoie discovered that other people have done a lot of research into this question already. However, those people do not work in schools. The people who seemed to know the most about (40)______ motivates kids were researchers who work for companies that were advertising products such as toys and music for children. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. adequately B. advances C. neighbour D. colonize E. concerns F. create G. intensively H. settlers I. smart J. journey K. survive ―Once we spread out into space and establish independent colonies, our future should be safe,‖Stephen Hawking says.Stephen Hawking, one of the world’s most important scientists, believes that to __41__, humans must move into space. Today, the United States, India, China, and Japan are all planning to send astronauts back to Earth’s closest __42__: the moon. Each country wants to create space stations there between 2020 and 2030. These stations will __43__prepare humans to visit and later live on Mars or other Earth-like planets. Robert Zubrin, a rocket scientist, thinks humans should __44__ space. He wants to start with Mars. Why? There are several advantages: for one, sending people to the moon and Mars will allow us to learn a lot—for example, whether living on other planets is possible. Then, we can eventually__45__ new human societies on other planets. In addition, the __46__ we make for space travel in the fields of science, technology, medicine, and health can also benefit us here on Earth. But not everyone thinks sending humans into space is a(n)__47__ idea. Many say it’s too expensive to send people, even on a short __48__. And most space trips are not short. A one-way trip to Mars, for example, would take about six months. People travelling this kind of distance face a number of health problems. Also, for many early space __49__, life would be extremely difficult. On the moon’s surface, for example, the air and the sun’s rays are very dangerous. People would have to stay indoors most of the time. Despite these __50__, sending people into space seems certain. In the future, we might see lunar(月球上的) cities and maybe even new human cultures on other planets.
言博文化高中英语教案—高三教案 III. Reading Comprehension
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. When you say that someone has a good memory, what exactly do you mean? Are you saying that the person has fast recall or that he or she__51__ information quickly? Or maybe you just mean that the person remembers a lot about her or his childhood. The truth is that it is __52__ to say exactly what memory is. Even scientists who have been studying memory for decades say they are still trying to __53__ exactly what it is. We do know that a particular memory is not just one thing stored somewhere in the brain. __54__, a memory is made up of bits and pieces of information stored all over the brain. Perhapsthe best way to __55__ memory is to say that it is a process—a process of recording, storing, and getting back information. Practice and repetition can help to __56__ the pieces that make up our memory of that information. Memory can be __57__ affected by a number of things. __58__ nutrition can affect a person’s ability to store information. Excessive alcohol use can also weaken memory and cause permanent __59__ to the brain over the long term. A vision or hearing problem may affect a person’s ability to notice certain things, thus making it __60__ to register information in the brain. When people talk about memory, they often__61__ short-term memory and long-term memory. If you want to call a store or an office that you don’t call often, you look in the telephone book for the number. You dial the number, and then you forget it! You use your short-term memory to remember the number. Your short-term memory lasts about 30 seconds, or half a minute. __62__, you don’t need to look in the telephone book for your best friend’s number, because you already know it. This number is in your long-term memory, which __63__ information about things you have learned and experienced through the years. Why do you forget things sometimes? The major reason for forgetting something is that you did not learn it well enough __64__. For example, if you meet some new people and right away forget their names, it is because you did not __65__ the names at the first few seconds when you heard them. 51. A. collects B. processes C. publishes D. absorbs 52. A. necessary B. important C. difficult D. convenient 53. A. figure out B. take out C. put out D. give out 54. A. After all B. Instead C. By contrast D. Besides 55. A. recall B. refresh C. describe D. decrease 56. A. lose B. organize C. identify D. strengthen 57. A. positively B. negatively C. actively D. directly 58. A. Poor B. Adequate C. Special D. Various 59. A. benefit B. offence C. effect D. damage 60. A. easier B. more impressive C. harder D. more convenient 61. A. refer to B. apply for C. come across D. break down 62. A. Furthermore B. However C. Consequently D. Otherwise 63. A. leaks B. transmits C. checks D. stores 64. A. in the middle B. at the end C. in the beginning D. ahead of time 65. A. restore B. record C. replace D. respond Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) In 1991, high in the mountains of Europe, hikers made a discovery: a dead man partly frozen in the ice. However, the police investigation soon became a scientific one. Carbon dating indicated that the man died over 5,300 years ago. Today he is known as the Iceman and has been nicknamed ―?tzi‖ for the ?tztal Alps where he was found. Kept in perfect condition by the ice, he is the oldest complete human body on the earth. Scientists think he was an important person in his society. An examination of his teeth and skull tells us that he was not a young man.His arms were not the arms of a laborer. His dagger(匕首) was made of stone, but he carried a copper axe. This implies wealth, and he was probably from the upper classes.We know he could make fire, as a fire-starting kit was discovered with him. Even the food he had eaten enabled scientists to reason exactly where in Italy he lived. But why did the Iceman die in such a high and icy place? There have been many theories. Some said he was a lost shepherd. Others thought he was killed in a religious ceremony. Over the years since he was found, tiny scientific discoveries have led to great changes in our understanding of the story of the Iceman. The newest scientific information indicates that he was cruelly murdered. ―Even five years ago, the story was that he fled up there and walked around in the snow and probably died of exposure,‖ said Klaus Oeggl, a scientist at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. ―Now it’s all changed. It’s more like a…crime scene.‖ In June 2001, an X-ray examination of the body showed a small dark shape beneath the Iceman’s left shoulder. It was the stone head of an arrow. It had caused a deadly injury that probably killed him very quickly. In 2003, an Australian scientist discovered the blood of four different people on the clothes of the Iceman. Did a bloody fight take place before his
murder? Injuries on his hand and head indicate that this may be true. One theory, put forward by archeologist (考古学家) WalterLeitner, says that the Iceman’s murder was the end of a fight for power among his people. However, this idea is certainly debatable. 66. What does ―?tzi‖refer to ________. A. the oldest perfectly preserved human body B. the most famous tourist attraction?tztal Alps C. an important discovery by the police of Europe D. the person living in ?tztal Alps for a long time 67. After the examination of the Iceman, scientists believe that ________. A. he died at an early age B. he made a fire-starting kit C. he had a higher social status D. he was born at a village in Italy 68. According to Klaus Oeggl, the Iceman died from________. A. a serious disease B. a snow disaster C. a religious faith D. a terrible murder 69. What is the passage mainly talking about? A. The life of ancient people in the AlpsMountains. B. The cruel religious life of the Europeans in the past. C. The discovery andpossiblecause of death of the Iceman. D. The application of carbon dating technology to the Iceman. (B)
Cambridge Schools Conference 2015 - book your place today
Inspiring teachers, inspiring learners: How we prepare learners for a lifetime of learning. Dear Colleague The Cambridge Schools Conference is taking place in Colombo, Sri Lanka from 3-5 Jan 2015. Booking for the conference closes on 24December 2014, book now to secure your place. Feedback from schools that attended our recent conference in Cambridge includes: “Outstanding keynote presentation by Guy Claxton” Roland Ebiye-Koripamo, Cita International School “A Cambridge Conference shoots up the expectation level of the representativesand when it not just reaches that level but surpasses it with excellence, you define it as the Cambridge Schools Conference, 2015!” SeemaAnis, Al Waha International School, Jeddah “I have met so many interesting people. Having the opportunity to meet educators from all over the world is a unique experience.” Luciana Fernandez, ESSARP, Argentina The conference brings together a community of teachers representing schools from many different countries and contexts, to consider approaches to common challenges. Our programme is designed to support professional learning by offering a range of perspectives on the conference theme. Discuss and debate these in our panel sessions (小组会议) and explore their implications in group discussions and workshops. We look forward to welcoming you to Colombo. Events Team Cambridge International Examinations Follow @CIE_Education for news and information about the conference. Use the hashtag#csconf15 to join the conversation.
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70. The theme of the Cambridge Schools Conference 2015 is about _________. A. lifelong learning B. teaching approaches C. common challenges D. inspiring teachers 71. The letter is most probably for those who _________. A. are the members of CIE B. work in education institutes C. givefeedback to the conference D. can offer a range of perspectives
72. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The conference closes on 24December 2014. B. The conferenceis held in University of Cambridge. D. The conference encourages various views on lifelong learning. C. The conference provides the most effective approaches on lifelong learning.
(C) Big trees are incredibly important ecologically. For a start, they provide food for countless other species and shelter for many animals. With their tall branches in the sun, they capture vast amounts of energy. This allows them to produce massive crops of fruit and flowers that sustain much of the animal life in the forest. Only a small number of tree species have the genetic abilityto grow really big. The biggest are native to North America, but big trees grow all over the globe, from the tropics to the forests of the high latitudes(纬度). To achieve giant size, a tree needs three things: the right place to establish its seedling, good growing conditions and lots of time with low adult death rate. Lose any of these, and you will lose your biggest trees. In some parts of the world, populations of big trees are dwindling because their seedlings cannot survive. In southern India, for instance, an aggressive non-native bush, Lantana camara, is invading the floor of many forests. Lantana grows so thickly that young trees often fail to take root. With no young trees to replace them, it is only a matter of time before most of the big trees disappear. Without the right growing conditions, trees cannot get really bigand there is some evidence to suggest tree growth could slow in a warmer world, particularly in environments that are already warm. Having worked for decades at La Selva Biological Station in Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, Costa Rica, David and Deborah Clark and colleagues have shown that tree growth there declines markedly in warmer years. ―During the day, their growth shuts down when it gets too warm, and at night they consume more energy because theirmetabolic(新陈代谢的) rate increases,‖ explains David Clark. With less energy produced in warmer years and more being consumed just to survive, there is even less energy available for growth. The Clarks’ theory, if correct, means tropical forests would shrink over time.The largest, oldest trees would progressively die off and tend not to be replaced. According to the Clarks, this might cause a destabilization of the climate; as older trees die, forests would release some of their stored carbon into the atmosphere, causing a cycle of further warming, forest shrinkage and carbon emissions. Besides, big trees face threats from elsewhere. 73. According to the passage, big trees make great contributions to theecosystem because ________. A. they can capture large amounts of energy B. they determine the change of global climate C. they provide the essentials for many creatures D. they can avoid a new cycle of further warming 74. All the following factors are a must for making big treesEXCEPT ______. A. no deadly damage B. genetic contribution C. ideal environmentfor growth D. high-latitude location 75. The word ―dwindling‖ (paragraph3) is closest in meaning to ―______‖. A. exploding B. growing C. changing D. declining 76. What is the best title of the passage? A. Big trees in trouble. B. Advantages of big trees. C. Results of big trees’ disappearing. D. Importanceof big trees to humans. 77. What will the author most probably discuss after the last paragraph? A. More threats to the existence of big tress. B. The effect of human activities on big trees. C. Benefits of big trees to the whole atmosphere. D. Comparison between common trees and big ones.
Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Different people may find that different learning methods work best for them. While some would turn to tutoring in order to get better grades, others choose to join study groups. In fact, many universities encourage their students to form study groups and make good use of them. ―Two heads are better than one.‖ That’s the simple idea behind study groups. By participating in a study group, students can benefit from some of their best academic resources: other students. They get to pick each other’s brains and improve their own understanding of different problems. Moreover, study groups can create the slightly tense atmosphere in which it’s good to study. For example, some students tend to procrastinate (拖延) when they are studying by themselves; however, by joining a study group, they get to observe their peers who are working diligently and are likely to thus have motivation for working harder. Study groups work best when they are small, but not too small—four to five participants is about right. And it’s necessary to make sure everyone has the same goal, to prepare for a particular test, to discuss class readings or to review the week’s lecture notes. Besides, socializing in the group would make studying more fun as long as it took up only a small portion of group study time. In addition, to maximize the efficiency, some study groups like to assign members certain roles, and thus efficiency will be promoted. Besides an organizer, who gets group members to agree to a common purpose and a convenient time and place, there often is a group member playing the role of a source-seeker, whose duty is to remind group members to identify their sources. For instance, when a group member says ―I read somewhere that ... ,‖ the source-seeker should ask for specifics. This person reminds the group that it’s important to know who said what and where it was said. And a gatekeeper, who tries to make sure that all group members are participating, may ask a direct question to help a shy person participate, or find a way to get a dominating member to listen. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.) 78. Many universities encourage students to take advantage of ________ for better grades rather than learning alone. 79. Peers are not only the best academic resources but also motivate each other to _________ when learning in groups. 80. According to paragraph 3, besides the small size, what are the other two factors that could help a study group work best? 81. All the members in the study group will be assigned different roles because people believe that it will result in _______.
第 II 卷（共 47 分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1、 孩子们总是对圣诞节的礼物充满好奇。(curious) 2、 我们不确定能否按时完成任务。(sure) 3、 对学生而言，身心健康与在学业表现中取得进步同样重要。(as…as) 4、 评委和专家们对他昨天在表演时脸部表情以及手势动作的印象极为深刻。（impress） 5、大家一致认为任何有责任心和毅力的人都有资格申请该职位。（whoever）
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假设你班班长打算在寒假组织一次班级活动，有三种方案：一、慈善义卖帮助家庭有困难的同学；二、聘请英 语专家介绍有效的学习方法；三、组织一次班级新年派对。作为班级的一员，请你根据你的实际情况，在三项方案 中选择其一，提出对该项活动的建议并谈谈理由。 你的写作中必须包括： ? 在三项方案中选择其一； ? 对该方案提出建议； ? 谈谈你提出建议的理由。
1. A 2. C 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.A 7.C 8.B 9.D 10. D 11. D 12. D 13.C 14.B 15.B 16. B 17. Monday 18. noon 19. 1.25 20. 8 21. eldest daughter 22. (have/ attend) a party 23.a lot better 24. nevergets excited 25. may/ can 26. throughout 27. shown/ showed 28. to have found 29. some 30. No matter what 31. specializing 32. an 33. Even though/ Even if 34. less excited 35. arepressured 36. in which 37. learning 38. that 39. wondered 40. what 41. K 42. C 43. A44. D45. F46. B47. I48. J49. H50. E 51. D 52. C 53. A 54. B 55. C 56. D 57. B 58. A 59. D 60. C 61. A 62. B 63. D 64. C 65. B 66. A 67. C 68. D 69. C 70. A 71. B 72. D 73. C 74. D 75. D 76. A 77. A 78. study groups/ learning in groups 79. work harder/ work hard/ work diligently 80. The same goal and not-too-long socializing. (not-long-timesocializing) 81. promoting the efficiency/ maximizing the efficiency. 1. (The) kids are always curious about (the) Christmas presents. 2. We are not sure whether the task can/ will be finished on time. 3. For students, physical and psychological/ mental and physical health is as important as the progress (made) in academic performance. 4. His facial expressions and gestures in the performance yesterday greatly impressed the judges and (the) experts. The judges and (the) experts were deeply expressed by his facial expressions and gestures in the performance yesterday. 5. It is thought that whoever has a sense of responsibility and perseverance/ persistence is qualified to apply for the position.
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Short Conversations Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. W: I often mistake Tim for Bob. Can you tell them apart? M: No, they look so much alike that they even confused their mother sometimeswhen they were young. Q: What is the probable relationship between Tim and Bob? 2. M: Excuse me, can you tell me the title of this oil painting? W: Sorry, I don’t know for sure. But I guess it’s an early 18th century work. Let me look it up in the catalog. Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place? 3. M: You really seem to enjoy your literature class? W: You’re right. It has opened a new world for me. I’m exposed to the thoughts of some of the world’s best writers. I’ve never read so much in my life. Q: What does the woman mean? 4. M: Our university will be celebrating its hundredth anniversary next Monday. Shall we go back for a visit? W: I’d love to. It’s been a decade since we left. Q: How long ago did they graduate from school? 5. W: I wish my hair was longer. M: Yes, it’s a pity you had it cut. If only you’d listened to me. Q: What can we learn from the dialogue? 6. M: Hi, Susan. Have you finished reading the book Prof. Johnson recommended? W: Oh, I haven’t read it through the way I’d read a novel. I just read a few chapters whichinterested me. Q: What does the woman mean? 7. M: It was the third time Rodger had phoned me to say he had a new job. W: It`s difficult to keep a young man in one job for life nowadays. Q: What does the woman mean? 8. W:I’ve just been to the X-ray, and the teeth look just fine. M:I see. Then there is nothing to worry about after all. Q:How does the woman probably feel now? 9. M: Washing dishes in the restaurant every day is really boring. W: Why don’t you quit and deliver flowers for me? Q: What does the woman advise the man to do? 10. W: Hi, Tony. How did your experiment go yesterday? M: Well, it wasn’t as easy as I had thought. I have to continue doing it tonight. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? Section B Passages Directions: In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. One afternoon after the death of her grandfather, Carol lay on her bed, crying. Her mother asked, ―What's the matter, honey?‖ ―I miss my grandpa. I miss talking to him about my problems,‖ Carol said. ―I know,‖ said her mother. ―I miss him too. But can't you talk to me?‖ Carol shook her head. ―Why not?‖ Mother persisted. ―Because you're what we talked about,‖ sobbed Carol. Children may not enjoy heart-to-heart talk with their parents, however much Mom and Dad may love them. And adults may choose not to discuss problems with many of their friends, co-workers or distant family. But it is important to have SOMEONE with whom we can be emotionally close. Most people have nobody who they feel they could telephone at 2:00 in the morning if their lives fall apart. Nobody they think would be glad to hear their problems. The world is so empty if one thinks only of mountains, rivers and cities; but to know someone here and there who thinks and feels with us, and who is close to us in spirit, this makes the earth an inhabited garden. Is the earth, for you, more like a lonely desert or an inhabited garden? The difference may simply be in whom you feel free to call at 2:00 AM. Do you have such a person? And are you such a person for someone else? A friend is someone who knows the song in your heart and can sing it back to you when you have forgotten the words. If we are to find the kind of friend who knows the song in our hearts, we must also BE that kind of friend. Questions
11. Why didn’t Carol want to talk with her mother as she did to her grandfather? 12. Which is true according to the passage? 13. What does this passage want to explain? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. In the high mountain country outside the city of Toluker, there stands a prison. This prison is quite different from other prisons in the world. The guards, except for two at the main gate, are not armed. There are many remarkable things about Toluker prison. For example, of the 15,000 individuals who have been in prison at Toluker, less than two percent have got into trouble again with the law. Men in the open prison are free to find work on the outside but must go back to prison each night. On weekends they are allowed to go home. When most other prisons are still sending criminals back into society,Toluker is returning people who stand on their own feet and contribute to society. In 1974, a prisoner called Barb Crook moved to the open prison. A year later, he left Toluker for the last time. He was then nearly forty six and had been in prison for fourteen years. He got a job as construction worker in the city, remarried and was regarded as a useful person of his community. If you ask Bob why Toluker works, he would say,―Because they believed in me when I was at my worst.‖ Questions 14. Why do people sayToluker prison is an open prison? 15. What is the essential characteristic of Toluker Prison? 16. What is the speaker`s attitude toward this type of prison? Section C Longer Conversations Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. Each conversation will be read twice. After you hear the conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: 6439-8080. East Asia Car rental Centre. Can I help you? M: Oh, yes, please. I want to inquire about renting a car for the coming weekend. W: Well, what kind of car would you like to have? M: I would need an IVECO. We'd be leaving on Friday, October the 14th, and returning on Monday, 17th. W: That would be fine if you could pick up the car after 4:30 Friday and return it by noon on Monday. M: Yeah, how much is the cost? W: It's 300 yuan for the first rate. And the first 200 kilometres is free. But after that you have to pay 1.25 yuan per kilo. M: That's 1.25 extra after 200 kilometres. Does it include VAT? W: No, I'm afraid not. You've got to pay another 8% of the price. M: I see. Thank you very much indeed. W: My pleasure. Bye. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: Good morning. Please come in and take a seat. W: Good morning, Mr. Young. I've come to see you about my eldest daughter, Lisa, as you know. M: Yes, I hear you've been having some trouble with her at home. W: Yes, she won't do what I tell her, and... She often gets into bad moods. And she's not kind to her youngest sister, Helen. M: Well, Lisa is just 15, isn't she? W: Yes, she had her birthday a few days ago, and we were not happy that day. She wanted to go out to a party until 2 o'clock in the morning. M: How does she get on with her father? W: Well, she's a lot better with him: He's always calm and never gets excited withher. You see, he doesn't have to cope with her all the time like me. How can one remain calm and reasonable all the time as a housewife? M: Yes, I know it's very difficult... and we have to be more patient with our children. W: I know I should, but I can't. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.