Unit 5 The silver screen
Getting to know Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg, whose mother was a music teacher, was born in 1946 in a small town in America. He started making short films when he was still a young boy. He made his first real film when he was twelve.This was a film in which Spielberg won a prize for a short film which he made when he was thirteen years old. A few years later, when he was sixteen, he made a film called Firelight.
? When Spielberg was young, his dream was to go to the Film Academy, but he couldn’t. The reason why he could not go there was that his grades were too low. After studying English, he got a small job at a film studio. Here he worked on a short film, which won him a job as the youngest film director in the world. This was the moment when Spielberg’s career really took off.
? Jaws(1975), one of his first films, was a real blockbuster. It is about a big white shark that attacks swimmers who are spending their holidays in a small village by the sea. Many people who saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea when they remembered the scenes in which people were eaten by the shark.
? Spielberg has made two films about creatures that come to the earth from outer space. For example, ET(1982) is about a young boy called Elliot who makes friends with a small creature from outer space and helps him to find a way to go home. The world of adults is cold. Scientists want to find ET to cut him into pieces to do research. But in the world of Children and the world where ET comes from, love and friendship are the most important things in life.
? Jurassic park, which Spielberg made in 1993, is about a park where a very rich man keeps different kinds of dinosaurs. When the park is hit by a storm, things start going wrong. The film becomes very exciting when the children are hunted by meat-eating dinosaurs. ?
? After these successful films Spielberg made several follow-ups of Jaws and Jurassic Park. His later films such as Schindler’s List and Saving Private Ryan are about the cruelty of war. In his war films, he has shown that love and peace will win over war in the end.
? Steven Spielberg is one of the top directors in the film industry and also has many fans in China. When asked about the secret of his success, Steven Spielberg said that he owes much of his success and happiness to his wife and children. He met Cate Capshaw, who is actress, when he was working on one of his films. After that it still took seven years before they finally got married. The couple has seven children in all.
Answer the questions
? 1. why did Spielberg study English instead of film? ? 2. why were people who saw the film Jaws afraid to swim in the sea? ? 3. how important is his family to Spielberg’s career? ? 4. what was Spielberg’s dream? ? 5. what have you learnt from reading about Spielberg?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
My uncle _______ until he was forty-five. (上海2000) A. married B. didn't marry C. was not marrying D. would marry 考点：marry 及until 的用法。 简析：marry 为非延续性动词，不可用于进行时态，故选项C不对； marry与until 连用时，要用否定式，故选项B正确。 marry 的用法有如下几点值得注意： 1. marry 表示"跟某人结婚", 为及物动词，后面直接跟名词或代词作宾 语，不与to或with 搭配。 She married a Swiss. 她嫁给了一个瑞士人。 He married a classmate from high school. 他与高中的同班同学结婚 了。 【误】 He married with a classmate from high school. 2. marry用于被动结构，后接sb. 时应与to连用，而不是与with 连用。 She got married to a Swiss last year. 她去年跟一个瑞士人结婚了。 She has been married to a doctor for ten years. 她和一位大夫结婚有 十年了。 【误】 She has been married with a doctor for ten years.
? 3. marry为非延续性动词，与how long， for two years 等表示时间段的词语连用时，要用被动结 构；与until 连用时，应用否定式。 ? They didn't marry until they were in their thirties. 他们三十多岁才结婚。 ? How long have the old couple been ? married? 那对老夫妻结婚有多久了? ? She has been married to a Frenchman for five years. 她嫁给一个法国人有五年了。 ? 【误】 She has married to a Frenchman for five years.
? 4. marry作定语时，常用过去分词形式表示"已婚的"。 ? a married couple 夫妇， married love 夫妻爱， married life 婚姻生活 ? He's a married man. 他是有妇之夫。 ? 5. be married与get married 的区别是： be married (to sb.) 指"已结婚"的状态，可与时间段连用； get married (to sb.) 指动作，常用来表示某人结婚的时间和地点，不 可与时间段连用。 ? When is he going to get married (to Mary)? 他什么时候 (跟玛丽)结婚? ? Where did she get married (to John)? 她在什么地方(跟约 翰)结婚的? ? How long has she been married (to John)? 她(与约翰)结 婚有多久了? ? They've been married for two years. 他们结婚有两年了。 ? 【误】 They've got married for two years.
? 1.win 指(在竞争中)取得胜利,常跟 game/war/prize/battle ? He won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921. ? beat “击败/打败(敌人,对手)” 其宾语必须是 人 ? Do you know that Jim beat Tom in chess? ? beat the record 打破记录
? 2.work on 从事于,进行( 短期,暂时,具体) ? work at 致力于, 在…..上下工夫(含研究,钻研之意 (长期,泛指) ? e.g. He is working at advanced maths. ? Alice is working on a composition. ? Work out 解出,找到答案,计算 ? Work out a problem ? I have worked out your share of the expenses at 10 yuan .
? 3.Take off
脱衣服、帽子 put on 起飞 vi 休假 take two days off 大受欢迎（产品、观念） 取消
? e.g. The dictionary has really taken off. ? The show had to be taken off because of poor audiences.
? ? ? ? 4.by the sea 在海边 by sea 乘船 5.cut sth. into pieces 把某物切成碎片 6.do / make research on (into)做研究 e.g. They are doing research into the causes of cancer. ? 7.But in the world of children and the world where ET comes from, love and friendship are the most important things in life
? Where 引导定语从句, 在句中做from 的宾 语,也可变成from where ET comes from. From 应看成一个特殊介词,后面可接副词、 介词短语。 ? 8. hit =strike 袭击 ? e.g. An earthquake hit the city ? hit sb. on the head /in the face ? 9.go wrong 走错路，误入歧途、出事(系动 词）
? Something has gone wrong with my radio. ? They haven’t arrived yet. Maybe they went wrong. ? 10. meat-eating 食肉的. ? “ 名词+现在分词” 构成的合成形容 词.:English-speaking, peace-loving, grass-eating, paper-making. ? 11. follow-up 续集,后续工作. ? They are producing follow-ups to the television series.
? 12. owe vt. 欠 ….债; 将某事归因于 ? 1.owe sb.sth.=owe sth.to sb. ? e.g.He owed me 50 yuan.= He owed 50 yuan to me. ? 2. 感激(表示欠人情、债） ? I owed him a lot. ? 3. 归功于 ? I owe everything to you. ? 4. owe it to…. that 亏得…. ? I owe it to you that I have made so much progress in English. ? 5. owing to 因为、由于 thanks to ? Owing to the rain, the match was cancled.
? ? ? ? ? ?
13.couple “ 对,双,一对” a couple of 互有关系的两个人/物, “几个” 14.in all = altogether 总共 There are 64 students in all in all class. In all 通常用于句尾, altogether 句首、句尾 The boy has two toy guns in all / altogether. +doing 情不自禁作某事 + (to) do 不能帮助做 + but do sth.不得不
? 14. can’t help
? e.g. He can’t help having big cars. ? I can’t help finish the work as I’m busy. ? You can’t help but respect him.