[必修 4 Unit 4
Ⅰ.语法填空 One day, a farmer's donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried piteously 1.________ hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally, he decided the animal was old, and the well needed 2.________ (cover) up anyway; it just wasn't worth 3.________ to save the donkey. He invited all his neighbors to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel(铲) and began to shovel dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized 4.________ was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone's amazement, he quieted down. A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the well. He 5.________ (astonish) at what he saw. With each shovel of dirt 6.________ hit his back, the donkey was doing something 7.________ (amaze). He would shake it off and take a step up. 8．________ the farmer's neighbors continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the donkey stepped up over 9.________ edge of the well and happily ran off! Each of our troubles is a stepping stone. We can get out of the deepest wells just 10.________ not giving up! Shake it off and take a step up. Ⅱ.阅读理解 A new research has uncovered that culture is a determining factor when interpreting facial emotions (情感)．The study reveals that in cultures where emotional control is the standard，such as Japan, the focus is placed on the eyes to interpret emotions.Whereas in cultures where emotion is openly expressed，such as the United States，the focus is on the mouth to interpret emotions. “These findings go against the popular theory that the facial expressions of basic emotions can be universally recognized，”said University of Alberta researcher Dr Takahiko Masuda.“A person's culture plays a very strong role in determining how they will read emotions and needs to be considered when interpreting facial expressions.” These cultural differences are even noticeable in computer emotions(情感符号)，which are used to convey a writer's emotions over email and text messaging.The Japanese emotions for happiness and sadness vary in terms of how the eyes are drawn，while American emotions vary with the direction of the mouth.In the United States the emotions ：) and ：－)show a happy face，whereas the emotions ：( or ：－ ( show a sad face.However，Japanese tend to use the symbol (‘－‘) to indicate a happy face，and (；－；) to indicate a sad face. “We think it is quite interesting and appropriate that a culture tends to mask its emotions.The Japanese would focus on a person's eyes when determining emotions，as eyes tend to be quite subtle(微妙的)，”said Massuda.“In the United States，where open emotion is quite common，it makes sense to focus on the mouth，which is the most expressive feature on a person's face.” 11．The text mainly tells us that ________． A．cultural differences are expressed in emotions B．culture is the key to interpreting facial emotions
C．different emotions are preferred in different cultures D．people from different cultures express the same emotions 12．Which emotion is used by Americans to show a happy face? A．(；－；) C．：－( B．：－) D．：(
13．If a Japanese wants to detect whether a smile is true or false, he will probably ________． A．read the whole face B．focus on the mouth C．look into the eyes D．judge by the voice 14．People used to believe that ________． A．some facial expressions of emotions were too complex to be recognized B．people in the world interpreted basic emotions in different ways C．people could only recognize the facial expressions of basic emotions D．people all over the world understood basic emotions in the same way 15．The computer emotions used by the Americans show that ________． A．they express their feelings openly B．they tend to control their emotions C．they are good at conveying their emotions D．they use simple emotions to show their feelings Ⅲ.信息匹配 请阅读下列书籍的封面及书籍的相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。 以下是几本儿童书籍的封面：
16. Based on the new hit animated show airing on the Disney Channel, this new series takes preschoolers along on the thrilling adventures of Leo, June, Quincy, and Annie, whose missions are illustrated with beautiful, fullcolor photos. Emmyaward winner Susan Ring specializes in writing for children, and has written for all types of media. Her books for Disney Publishing Worldwide include Winnie the Pooh encyclopedias on animals and nature, boxed sets of Pixar's Fun with Phonics, featuring Nemo and Toy story characters, and the Baby Einstein books. 17. Here is the rare book that not only expresses parents' love for their children, but offers a hope for what that love will become. It begins with a wish at bedtime, as parents hold their children tightly and hope their love will cradle them, safe and sound. It continues through the day their children have grown up, proud and strong, and can pass that love on to someone else. This is a book that goes beyond a parent's “I love you” to the generous wish that our children will make the world a better place. 18. This best?selling book features riddles that send readers searching through 13 photographs with a fun hunt theme. Children will love to purse the mystery of the pirate's hidden treasure, narrowing their search with every delightfully cluttered page. Looking for an additional challenge? Try the extracredit riddles. 19. Pooh, Piglet, and the gang from the Hundred- wood are here to guide you through some acre amazing activities. Just slip one of the pointing puppets onto your finger, and see if you can solve the puzzles inside. Your puppet will be drawn to the solutions, and your heart will be hooked by the colourful crew! This book includes two magnetic finger puppets. 20. This exciting new workbook from Sesame Workshop and Learning Horizons is designed so your child can have fun learning right along with Big Bird and the other friends from Sesame Street! In this workbook, your child will learn to recognize numbers, count and match sets of like items. Your child will even begin to add and subtract! A special “think icon” feature calls attention to activities that are challenging and more advanced. A special Explore More feature provides several easy- do home toactivities to extend learning in practical and fun ways.
课时作业(十九) Ⅰ.这是一篇励志故事。主人决定将掉进井里的驴子用土埋掉。驴子以土为台阶，最后走出 井外，得以自救。 1．for for hours 指“几个小时”。 need 表示“需要”，既可以接不定式的被动式，又可以接?ing 2．covering/to be covered 形式的主动式。 3．it 句型 be worth it to do?指“值得做??”。 4．what 引导宾语从句，what 在从句中作主语。 be astonished at “对??感到惊讶”。 5．was astonished 7．amazing 8．As 9．the 特指“井的边缘”。 10．by 介词短语 by doing sth 作方式状语。 Ⅱ.过去，人们认为所有人接受和表达面部情感的方式都是一样的。但一项新的研究表明： 在不同的文化背景下，人们对于情感的诠释是不同的。 11．B 说明。 12．B 细节理解题。由倒数第二段 In the United States the emotions ：) and ：－) show a happy face 可知。 13.C 细节理解题。由最后一段的 The Japanese would focus on a person's eyes when determining emotions 可知。 14．D 15．A 推理判断题。由第二段的 These findings go against the popular theory that the facial 推理判断题。由第三段的?American emotions vary with the direction of the mouth.和 expressions of basic emotions can be universally recognized 可知。 第一段最后一句 Whereas in cultures where emotion is openly expressed，such as the United States， the focus is on the mouth to interpret emotions.可知。 Ⅲ.本文为儿童书籍封面及书籍的介绍。 16．D 17．A treasure。 19．B 关键词：Two Finger Puppet Magnet Books 与 two magnetic finger puppets。 20．F 关键词：Learn About Math with Bert & Ernie 与 learn to recognize numbers。 关键词：Disney's Little Einsteins 与 the Disney Channel, the Baby Einstein books。 关键词：I Will Hold You 'Til You Sleep 与 parents' love for their children。 主旨大意题。文章第一句开门见山点出主题：文化是面部情感诠释中的决定性因 素(determining factor)。下文围绕该主题就不同的文化对情感理解和表达的不同方式进行了详细
6．that/which 引导定语从句，关系代词 that/which 在从句中作主语。 形容词作后置定语，something amazing 意为“令人惊讶的事情”。
18．C 关键词：I SPY TREASURE HUNT 与 purse the mystery of the pirate's hidden