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2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件:Unit2 English around the world (新人教版必修1)

2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件:Unit2 English around the world (新人教版必修1)


2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件:Unit2 English around the world (新人教版必修1)

佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升

(2011· 湖南卷 )假设你参加所在年级的英文写作比赛,请按如 下要求完成一篇短文: 1.简要描述下图内容,并点明主题; 2.联系实际,表达该图带给你的启示。

注意: 1.词数不少于 120 个; 2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 ____________________________________________________

【经典范文】 As is illustrated in the picture, one drop of water does not make an ocean; one tree does not make a forest; one person does not make a society. It tells us that in our society two heads are better than one and union is strength. Nowadays there are still many poor students. They can not afford to go to school. Luckily, many people and organizations donate a lot of money to help them receive college education smoothly.

In a word, we should offer our help and love to the persons in need. I believe that if everyone can give help and love to others, the relationship between people will be harmonious and our society will be a better place for us to live in.

考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清

Ⅰ.重点词汇 1.________ n.航行;航海 2.________ adj.本国的;本地的 n.本地人;本国人 3.________ n.公寓;单元住宅

4.________ v.以??为根据 n.基地;基础
5.________ v.使富裕;充实;改善

6.________ n.请求;要求
7.________ n.闪电

8.________ n.街区;木块;石块 9.________ n.电梯;升降机→________(同义词) 10.________ n.汽油→________n.气体;煤气 11.________ adj.官方的;正式的→________adv.正式地

12.________ adv.实际上;事实上→________adj.实际的
13.________ adj.逐渐的;逐步的→________adv.逐渐地

14.________ adj.较后的;(两者中)后者的→________adv.

迟;晚→________adv.最近
15.________ n.本身;身份→________v.辨别;确认 16.________ adj.流利地;流畅的→________adv.流利地 17._______ n./v.命令;掌握;指令→______n.司令官 18.________ n.词语;表达→________adj.富于表情的 19.________ v.辨认出;承认;公认→________n.认出; 承认

20.________ adv.直接;挺直 adj.直的;笔直的;正直的

答案 1.voyage 2.native 3.apartment 7.lightning 4.base 8.block

5.enrich 6.request

9.elevator; lift 10.petrol; gas

11.official; officially

12.actually; actual

13.gradual; gradually

14.latter; late; lately 15.identity; identify

16.fluent; fluently 17.command; commander
18.expression; expressive 19.recognize; recognition

20.straight

Ⅱ.短语回顾 1.because ________ 由于;因为 2.come ________ 走近;上来;提出 3.________ with 与??交流

4.be ________ on 以??为根据
5.________ present 现在

6.become ________ like 变得不那么像
7.________ use of 利用

8.________ as 像??这样的;例如

9.a large________ of 许多,大量 10.________ it or not 信不信由你 答案 1.of 2. up 3.communicate 4.based

5.at

6.less

7.make

8.such

9.number

10.believe

Ⅲ.句式填空 1.even if/even though 引导让步状语从句 Native English speakers can understand each other ______________________.(即使他们所讲的英语不尽相同)

2.one reason why 从句/for... is that...
____________(?? 的 一 个 原 因 )it is not so easy for a

Chinese to speak English ________ ( 是 )English has a large
vocabulary.

3.no such + 单数名词 Believe it or not, there is ____________________(没有什么 标准英语可言). 4.way 表示方式、方法,后接定语从句

However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in
__________________(人们讲话的方式).

答案 1.even if they don't speak the same kind of English 2.One reason why; is that 3.no such thing as standard English

4.the way people speak

高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破

考点单词 1.include v. 包括,包含,连……在内 The band played many songs, including some of my favourites.

乐队演奏了许多歌曲,包括几首我最喜爱的。
It is reported that nine people were killed in the accident,

an American included.
据报道在这次事故中有九人丧生,其中包括一名美国人。

include sth. 包括 including sth./sb. 包括??在内 sth./sb. included 包括??在内

【巧学助记】

即境活用1

Even if they didn't ________ the cost of food in

the tour, it's still a cheap vacation to the U.S.

A.hold
C.share

B.contain
D.include

[解析]include 包括,符合句意。hold 容纳;contain 盛有;
share 分享。 [答案]D

2.however adv. & conj. 无论;然而 She leaves her bedroom window open, however cold it is. 无论天气多么冷,她都敞着卧室的窗户。 She fell ill. She went to work, however, and tried to

concentrate.
她病了。然而她照旧去上班,并且尽力集中精神工作。

(1)adv. 无论如何;不管多么(后跟形容词或副词)
(2)adv.然而;不过;仍然(用于插入语,表示转折) (3)conj.无论以何种方式;不管怎样(引导状语从句)

【易混辨析】 however 与 but 的意义相同,但 however 是较正式的说法, but 不置于句首,但 however 则可以置于句首、句末或句中, 当置于句中时,前后用逗号隔开的情形较多。如: The book is

expensive, however, it's worth it. 这本书很贵,却很值。/He is
tired but happy. 他很累,但很愉快。

即境活用2

They won top awards at the Hong Kong Dance

Award in 2007. The group, ________ , faced problems in

arranging funds in its early days.
A.therefore B.otherwise

C.meanwhile

D.however

[ 解 析 ]however 然 而 , 符 合 句 意 。 therefore 因 此 ; otherwise 否则; meanwhile 与此同时。 [答案]D

3.present vt. 呈现;描述;介绍;赠送 前的 n.礼物

adj.在场的;目

She presented her case to the committee.
她提出了自己的理由供委员们考虑。

May I present my new assistant (to you)?
请允许我(向你)介绍我的新助手好吗?

He wasn't present at my birthday party.
他没参加我的生日晚会。

present an award to sb. 向某人颁奖

make a present of sth. to sb.= make sb. a present of sth. 赠
送某物给某人

be present at 出席
at the present time = at present 目前 up to the present 直到现在;至今 for the present 就目前来说;暂时 the people present 在场的人们(后置定语) the present situation 现在的情形(前置定语) be absent from 缺席

【巧学助记】

即境活用3

All the people ________ at yesterday's meeting

said it was a great success.

A.present
C.interested

B.thankful
D.important

[ 解析 ]present 在场的,符合句意。 thankful 感激的;
interested 感兴趣的; important 重要的。 [答案]A

4.command n.命令;指挥;掌握 vt. 命令;拥有 He has 1,200 men under his command. 有1200人听他指挥。 The police arrived and took command of the situation.

警察赶到了并掌控了局势。
He looked relaxed and totally in command of himself.

他看起来很放松,完全听自己指挥。

【巧学助记】 多义:① 命令,统率→②俯临,俯瞰

command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 command that sb. (should) do sth. (用虚拟语气) in command of 统帅;控制 under the command of= under sb's command 在??的指

挥下
at one's command 随心所欲

have a good command of 精通??

即境活用4

He ________ that the rescue team climb over

the mountain before dark to the place where the trapped visitors

were.
A.commanded B.hoped

C.wished

D.supposed

[ 解析 ] 四个选项中只有 command 后的从句用虚拟语气 should do, should 可以省略。 [答案]A

5.request n. & v. 请求 The workers out of work made a request for help. 下岗工人请求得到帮助。 We are offering these scarves for sale again at the request

of the public.
应大众要求我们再次出售这些头巾。

Students are requested not to touch anything in the lab.
要求学生们不要触摸实验室里的任何东西。

make a request for... 请求、要求得到?? at one's request= at the request of sb.应某人要求 request sth. from sb. 向某人要求某物 request sb . to do sth. 请求某人做某事

request that... (从句中应使用虚拟语气,should 可省略)。
It is requested that... 根据要求

即境活用5 meeting?

—Why were you late for such an important

—The plane arrived at the airport after a ________ of two
hours.

A.rest
C.request

B.delay
D.trip

[解析]delay 耽搁,符合句意。 rest 休息;request 请求; trip 旅行。 [答案]B

6.recognize v. 认出;辨认;承认 Liu Xiang is recognized as one of the ten first-class athletes in the world. 刘翔被认为是世界十佳运动员之一。

It is recognized that environment pollution has become one
of the most serious problems that people face. 人们一致认为环境污染已经成为人们面临的最严重的问题 之一。

recognize sb./sth. to be/as... 认为??是?? be recognized as... 被公认为 out of/beyond recognition 使人认不出来 recognize sth. 认出

recognize sb./sth. 承认(=admit)
recognize that... 承认

即境活用6

President Carter ________ Lebanon a threat

to his hope for Arab-Israeli peace.

A.recognized
C.regarded

B.considered
D.treated

[ 解析 ] 四个选项中只有 consider 可以不和 as 连用,意为
“把……看作”。 [答案]B

7.gradually adv.逐渐地;逐步地 Many old customs are gradually dying out. 许多旧习俗都在日渐消逝。 They gradually improved their work.

他们逐渐地改善了工作。

即境活用7

With the good care of his mother, the boy is

________ recovering from his heavy cold.

A.quietly
C.practically

B.actually
D.gradually

[ 解析] 句意:在妈妈的精心照料下,这个男孩儿逐渐从重
感冒中恢复过来。gradually “逐渐地”,符合句意。 quietly 安 静地; actually 事实上; practically 实际上。 [答案]D

8.frequently adv. 常常;频繁地 Buses run frequently between the city and the airport. 公共汽车频繁地往来于城市与机场之间。 We must speak English frequently in order to improve

spoken English.
为了提高英语口语水平,我们必须经常说英语。

即境活用8

The public transportation in this city is very

convenient, where many buses run ________.

A.occasionally
C.immediately

B.approximately
D.frequently

[ 解 析 ]frequently 频 繁 地 , 经 常 地 , 符 合 句 意 。
occasionally 偶尔地; approximately 大约; immediately 立刻。 [答案]D

9.base vt. 以??为根据

n. 基部;基地;基础

The scientist decided to make the university the base for his

research work.
这位科学家决定把这所大学作为他研究工作的基地。 The new telecommunication network is based on the latest 3G technology. 这个新通讯网络基于最新3G技术。 base... on... 根据??;以??为基础 (sth.) be based on... 以??为基础

a military/an air force base 一个军事/空军基地

【思维拓展】 (1)basis n. 基础,基本原则;标准 on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上,基于 (2)basic adj. 基本的;基础的

basically adv. 主要地,基本上

即境活用9 a lot of readers.

________ on what he saw, this novel attracted

A.Base
C.Basing

B.Based
D.To base

[解析]based on 以……为根据,在句中作状语。
[答案]B

10.expect 预料,预计,期望,盼望 I'm expecting a telephone call from her. 我正在等她的电话。 I expect to be back on Sunday.

=I expect that I will be back on Sunday.

我预计星期日回来。 be expected to do/expect (sb.) to do/ expect that... 料想?? expect sb./sth./that 从句 期待,盼望

I expect not./I don't expect so. 我认为不会。

即 境 活 用 10

Does this meal cost $50 ? I ________

something far better than this!

A.prefer
C.suggest

B.expect
D.suppose

[ 解析]expect 估计,预料。句意:这顿饭花了五十美元?
我估计情况会比这好得多。 [答案]B

考点短语 1.because of 由于;因为 He had to retire because of ill health. 因为健康原因他不得不退休。 The company's problems are due to a mixture of bad luck and poor management. 这个公司的问题是由于运气差和不良管理混合造成的。

Thanks to the public's help, we've been able to build two
new schools in the areas. 多亏了大家帮助,我们已经能够在该地区建两所新学校。

She was absent from school on account of illness. 她因病缺课。

【思维拓展】 because of 因为…… due to 因为;由于 thanks to 幸亏;由于

on account of 因为;由于
owing to 因为;由于

【特别提示】 上述几个介词短语都可以用来表示原因,有时可通用,但 应注意:1. because of 只引导原因状语;2. due to 可作表语或状 语,不用于句首;3.thanks to 可作表语或状语;4.on account of

只作状语;5.owing to 可作表语或状语。

即境活用11

The open-air celebration has been put off

________ the bad weather.

A.in case of
C.instead of

B.in spite of
D.because of

[解析]because of 由于。in case of以防,万一;instead of
而不是;in spite of尽管。 [答案]D

2.come up 走近;上来,(太阳、月亮等)升起;被提出; 长出

I'd like to come up to your apartment.
我很乐意到你的公寓去。

Your question came up at the meeting.
你的问题在会上被提出来了。

【思维拓展】 come up with 想出(计划、回答); 产生 come about 发生 come along 进展;进步;进行

come at 向……接近;袭击;攻击
come out 出现;开花;出版

come on 快点;加油

come over 过来;顺便来访 come to 总计;总共;达到;说明 come across 偶遇;碰到 come true 实现

即 境 活 用 12 rebuilding the bridge.

A lot of new problems ________ while

A.came up
C.came across

B.came up with
D.came about

[解析]come up 出现,被提出。come up with提出;come
across 偶遇;come about 发生。 [答案]A

3.at present 现在;目前 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础,而不是我们现在所说

的英语。

【思维拓展】 present sb. with sth.=present sth. to sb. 把某物赠送/介绍/呈现给某人 His wife presented him with a sword.

他妻子赠给了他一把宝剑。

即境活用13

My teacher asked me to ________ the class

with my latest drawing.

A.show
C.present

B.attract
D.perform

[解析]present sb. with sth. 把某物呈现给某人。
[答案]C

4.make use of 利用 He made good use of his time there by learning the language. 他充分利用他在那儿的时间来学习语言。

【思维拓展】 make good/full use of 很好/充分利用…… make the most of 充分利用 take advantage of 利用

in use 使用着
out of use 不再被用

bring... into use 开始利用;加以使用
come into use 被使用起来

即境活用 14

(2012 江西新建一中期中考试 )—Would you

mind giving your advice on how to improve our learning

efficiency?
—If you make________most of forty-five minutes' classes day after day,there will be________switch in grades. A./;/ C./;a B.the;a D.the;/

[解析]make the most of 充分利用;第二个为“数量一”, 用a。a switch 一个改变。

[答案]B

5.such as 例如;像??这种的 【易混辨析】 such as/for example/that is/and so on such as 用于列举事物,位于所列举事物的前面。

for example 用于举例说明,其前后多用逗号隔开,可位于
句首、句中或句末。

that is 等于 namely, 是对前面所提到事物的解释或说明。
and so on 前面列举了几个并列成分以后,再加以概括并对 尚未列举的事物进行省略。

We have planted lots of different flowers, such as roses and carnations. 我们种植了许多花卉,例如玫瑰和康乃馨。 A lot of us want to leave now—Bill, for example. 我们中有许多人现在就想走,例如比尔。 There is one more topic to discuss, namely, the question of your salary.

还有一个问题要讨论,那就是你的薪水问题。
We discussed religion, politics, history, and so on. 我们讨论了宗教、政治、历史等。

即 境 活 用 15

A lot of countries have gained great

achievements in space technology, ________ China and India.

A.for example
C.such as

B.that is
D.in other words

[解析]such as 用于部分列举,紧跟例词。for example 后跟
逗号隔开;that is 相当于in other words意为“也就是说,换句 话说”。 [答案]C

6.play a part (in) 在??中扮演角色;起作用;参与 Geography also plays a part in making dialects. 地理位置对方言的产生也有影响。

【思维拓展】 play a role/part in 在……中扮演角色;起作用 play/act the role/part of... 扮演……的角色 play the leading role 扮演主角

take an active part in... 积极参加……

即境活用 16

He will never forget the part Wen Zhang

________ in the TV play Snow Leopard.

A.showed
C.had

B.played
D.worked

[解析]play a part in 在……扮演角色。
[答案]B

7.believe it or not 信不信由你(用作插入语) Believe it or not, John cheated in the exams. 信不信由你,约翰在考试中作弊了。 Believe it or not, the examination tomorrow is put off.

信不信由你,明天的考试推迟了。

即 境 活 用 17

(2012· 辽 宁 沈 阳 四 校 联 考 )—You smoke

heavily, so I think it's hard for you to give up smoking.

—________,I've made it.
A.Never mind B.Take your time

C.That's all right

D.Believe it or not

[解析]句意:—你吸烟很严重,我认为你很难戒掉。—信不

信由你,我戒掉了。
[答案]D

重点句型 1 . Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也

可以相互理解。
even if/even though 通常引导让步状语从句,意为“即使, 尽管”,所引导的从句常用一般现在时代指将来。在主从句主 语相同时也可采用省略句结构。

He will tell the truth to the public even if it means he will lose his job.

即使那意味着自己会失去工作,他也要将真相告诉公众。
He won't come to our party even if (he is) invited.

即使受到邀请,他也不会来参加我们的晚会。

即境活用 18 tomorrow.

I will attend the party ________ it rains

A.even if
C.if

B.as if
D.as

[解析]even if 即使。句意:即使明天下雨,我也会出席这
次宴会。 [答案]A

2.Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard

English.
信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语可言。 句中“no such + 单数名词”意为“没有这样的??”, 其中单数名词前不可再加冠词,相当于“not such a/an + 单数 名词”。

We can find no such tour guide in our city.
在我们这座城市我们找不到这样的导游。

No such person but Peter can perform so perfectly.
除了彼得没有这样的人能表演得如此完美。

【思维拓展】 such 还可用于以下几种结构: ?a ?n? + adj. + 单数名词? ? ? ?+ that 结果 (1)such +?adj. + 复数名词 ?adj. + 不可数名词 ? ? ? 状语从句 (2)such... as... 像??这样的??,as 在句中引导定语从句 (3)such as 例如, 用于列举人或事物, 与所列举的内容之间没 有标点符号分隔

即境活用 19

(2012· 蚌埠二中期中考试 )Safety? There is

________ thing as safety here now!

A.not such
C.not a such

B.no such
D.no such a

[解析] no such + 单数名词,意为“没有这样的……”。
[答案]B

课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练

Ⅰ.词义辨析 1.The rock ________ wears away due to the action of the water. A.gradually B.exactly

C.loosely

D.fluently

[解析]gradually逐渐。exactly 的确;loosely 松地;fluently

流利地。
[答案]A

2.He is a ________ visitor to that country. I mean, he often goes there.

A.grateful
C.frequent

B.loose
D.native

[解析]frequent 经常的,频繁的。loose 松的;grateful感激
的;native本地的。 [答案]C

3 . (2012· 湖北八校联考一 )Young people use more web language in their conversations, such as Geili because such

language gives them a sense of ________.
A.unity B.identity

C.responsibility

D.security

[解析]identity 身份。句意:年轻人在谈话中使用很多网络 语言,例如Geili,因为这种语言给他们一种身份感。unity 团结; security 安全; responsibility 责任。 [答案]B

4.Go down this street, and you'll find the police station three ________ away.

A.curtains
C.voyages

B.blocks
D.lorries

[解析]block 街区。curtain 窗帘;voyage航海;lorry 卡车。
[答案]B

5.The beautiful woman looks young but ________ she is fifty years old.

A.actually
C.frequently

B.gradually
D.entirely

[解析]actually 实际上。gradually 逐渐;frequently经常地;
entirely 完全地。 [答案]A

6 . As far as I'm concerned, you should read more literature to enrich your ________.

A.identity
C.vocabulary

B.power
D.accent

[ 解 析 ]vocabulary 词 汇 。 identity 身 份 ; power 权 力 ;
accent 口音。 [答案]C

7.Mr Smith's office is on the 18th floor. You'd better take the ________.

A.voyage
C.highway

B.elevator
D.identity

[ 解析 ]elevator 电梯。 voyage 航行; highway 高速公路;
identity 身份。 [答案]B

8.I suggest you take Jack to Italy with you, for he speaks ________ Italian.

A.official
C.frequent

B.fluent
D.entire

[ 解析 ]fluent 流利的。 official 正式的; frequent 经常的;
entire 整个的。 [答案]B

9.The ________ from England to India used to take six months, which would tire out the sailors.

A.request
C.block

B.apartment
D.voyage

[ 解析 ]voyage 航行。 request 请求; apartment 公寓; block
街区,大块。 [答案]D

10.(2012·湖北孝感市统考)I sent a big bunch of flowers to the nurse as an ________ of thanks for her taking good care of

my grandpa in the nursing home.
A.attitude B.impression

C.appreciation

D.expression

[解析]expression表情,表达。句意:我送给护士一大束花, 表达对她在养老院细心照料我爷爷的感谢 。 attitude 态度; impression 印象;appreciation 感激。 [答案]D

Ⅱ.短语填空
because of; come up; make good use of; such as; play a big part in; even if; be based on; believe it or not; be expected to; hold on

1.It's more useful to learn modern languages, ________

English and German, than Latin.
2 . Childhood experiences often ________ shaping one's character. 3.Could you ________ for a while? I'll see if Mr. Brown is in his office. 4.Many beautiful fish are fast disappearing ________ the serious pollution.

5.________ you saw him pick up the money, you can't be sure he stole it.

6.I was already a university teacher, ________, when I
was only 20 years old.

7.He told me to ________ to the front of the room so that
everyone could see me. 8 . The meeting will begin at half past eight.

Everyone________ come on time.

9.Many people agree that a good marriage ________ trust. 10.If you ________ your spare time, I'm sure you will succeed sooner or later.

答案 1.such as 3.hold on 5.Even if 2.play a big part in 4.because of 6.believe it or not

7.come up

8.is expected to
10.make good use of

9.is based on

Ⅲ.单词拼写 1.He was very thirsty, so he made a ________ (要求)for some water. 2 . Growing vegetables looks easy, but ________ ( 事实

上)there is a lot to learn.
3 . Without building up a large ________ ( 词汇量 )first, students can not read easily. 4.Go ________ (径直地) ahead until you come to a bank. You won't miss it.

5.Jane has lived in London for ten years, so she speaks with a London ________ (口音).

6.Elisa is looking forward to the day she can return to her
________ (本国的) country.

7.Soldiers are usually expected to obey all the ________
(命令) of their officers. 8 . Though I hadn't seen Lucy for a long time, I still ________ (认出) her.

9.Police are trying to discover the ________ (身份)of the baby found outside their office.

10.The two nations communicated ________ (频繁地)and
got on well with each other.

答案 1.request 5.accent 6.native 10.frequently 2.actually 3.vocabulary 4.straight 9.identity

7.commands

8.recognized


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