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2014年高中英语人教版必修5教学课件:《Unit 4 Making the news》SectionⅡ

2014年高中英语人教版必修5教学课件:《Unit 4 Making the news》SectionⅡ


Unit 4

Making the news

Section Ⅱ

Warming Up &

Reading—Language Points

Unit 4

Making the news

要点透析讲练互动
词汇精研
1 admirable adj.值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的

(教材原句)That’s admirable,but I’m afraid
it would be unusual! 值得赞扬,但是恐怕这样就不太合乎常规了!

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助记

①What she did was pretty admirable. 她所做的真是令人钦佩。

②Who is your admirable golf player?
谁是你最崇拜的高尔夫球员?

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【联想】
admire vt.赞美;羡慕 admiration n. 钦佩;赞美;感叹 admire sb.for sth.因为……而钦佩/羡慕某人 ③The young athlete was much admired for

his speed.
这名年轻的运动员因速度而大受赞赏。,

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巧学活用 1-1 补全句子 (1)他受到大家的钦佩,因为他有勇气说出真 相。 was admired for He ________________his courage to speak

out the truth.
(2)他迅速适应新环境的能力令人钦佩。 His quick adaptation to the new environment admirable is_____________.

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备课札记

______________________________________
______________________________________ ______________________________________

______________________________________

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2submit

vt.递交;呈递(文件等)

(教材原句)Later you can cover a story and
submit the article yourself. 晚些时候, 你就可以独自去进行新闻采访

并递交稿件了。
归纳拓展 submit...to...把……递交给……;把……呈递 给…… submit to...向……屈服;臣服于……

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①He submitted a report to his boss.

他向老板提交了一份报告。
②He submitted the report to the committee. 他向委员会呈交了一份报告。 ③After being defeated they submitted to the enemy.

被打败后,他们向敌人投降了。

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3eager

adj.渴望的;热切的

(教材原句)You’ll find your colleagues very
eager to assist you... 你将发现你的同事会很热情地帮助你…… 归纳拓展 be eager for 对……渴望

be eager to do 渴望干某事
be eager for sb.to do 渴望某人干某事

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①He was eager for success/to succeed. 他渴望成功/取得成功。 ②They were eager to know if the room was available for them to spend the night.他们急 切地想知道是否可以在这个房间里过夜。

③Tom was eager for you to come to the
party. 汤姆殷切期盼你来参加晚会。

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[易混辨析] 比较

eager/anxious 用法

“渴望的,热切的”,强调“对成 eager 功的渴望”或“进取的热情”,含 有积极向上的意义。 “焦虑的,担忧的;渴望的,热切 anxious 的”,强调“担忧”或“焦虑”, 含有对结果感到不安的意义。

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【一言辩异】

He is anxious to know the

result of the college entrance examination because he is eager to be admitted to it. 他急切地想知道高考的结果,因为他很渴 望被这所大学录取。

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4 assist

vt.援助;协助;帮助

(教材原句)You’ll find your colleagues very
eager to assist you,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested. 你将发现你的同事会很热情地帮助你,因此, 如果你对摄影感兴趣,也许以后可以集中精 力去研究它。

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归纳拓展

assist sb.in/with sth./doing sth.在??方面帮助 某人 assist sb.to do sth.帮助某人做某事

助记

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①He assisted his neighbor in repairing the fence. 他帮助邻居修篱笆。 ②He assisted me with good advice and encouragement.

他帮助我出好主意并加以鼓励。
③We will assist you to carry out the plan. 我们将帮助你执行这一计划。

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【联想】

assistant n. 助手
assistance n. 帮助

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2-1 补全句子

(1)他决定亲自把这份文件交给经理。
submit to He decided to ________this file________the manager in person.

(2)这个问题已提交委员会审议。
was submitted to The question ____________________ the commission for its consideration.

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3-1 翻译句子

这个男孩渴望获得知识。 The boy was eager for knowledge. ______________________________________

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3-2 根据括号中的单词完成句子

(1)He is eager for knowledge about the party
construction because he is eager to join ____________(join) the party. (2)These young people show great eagerness __________(eager) for new knowledge. eagerly (3)The children were ________(eager) looking forward to the party.

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4-1 同义句改写 He assisted us to establish a new company.

assisted us in establishing →He __________________________a new
company.

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备课札记 ______________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________ ______________________________________

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5 concentrate

vt.& vi.集中;聚集

( 教材原句 )You’ll find your colleagues very eager to assist you,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested. 你将发现你的同事会很热情地

帮助你,因此,如果你对摄影感兴趣,也许
以后可以集中精力去研究它。

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归纳拓展 concentrate on/upon 集中在;专心于 concentrate...on/upon...集中??于??

助记

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①He has concentrated on his work this year. 今年以来,他专心于自己的工作。 ②I was so concentrated on a picture as not to feel someone touch my arm.

我全部注意力都集中在一张图画上了,所以没
有感到有人轻轻地碰我的手臂。 【联想】

concentration n. 集中精力;专心

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6acquire

vt.获得;取得;学到

(教材原句)Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. 只有你提出了许多不同 的问题之后,你才有可能会获得所有你需要

知道的信息。

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①I have acquired much knowledge from this school. 我从这所学校里学到了很多知识。 ②He acquired a lot of information through wide reading.

通过广泛的阅读,他获取了大量的信息。

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[易混辨析] 比较 acquire obtain gain attain

acquire/obtain/gain/attain

用法 指经过不懈努力才获得的技术,知 识等抽象的东西,也指养成习惯等。

指经过努力或付出代价或经过很长 时间而得到所需要的东西。
指需要做出比obtain更大的努力,往 往指通过竞争获得某些有价值的东 西。 正式用语,指经过艰苦努力而实现 目标或使人达到完美境地。

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4-2 完成句子 (1)他帮助我们成立了一家公司。 assisted He ____________us in ____________establishing a company.

assistance 技术援助)in the (2)Your technical _________________( project is greatly appreciated.

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名师微博
结构中。

assist是“协助,帮助”之意,多

用于assist sb.in (doing)sth.或assist sb.to do的

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5-1 同义句改写

All his mind was focused on one thing only.
was concentrated on →His whole mind ____________________one thing only.

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5-2 补全句子

(1)吵闹声不绝于耳,我无法专心学习。 I can’t concentrate on my studies with all _______________________________
that noise going on. (2)我们应该致力于改进教育工作。

concentrate We should ____________our on efforts____________ improving education.

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名师微博

表示“集中精力于??”的表达

法还有: focus...on , fix...on... , be absorbed in...,be lost in...。

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6-1 用acquire,obtain,gain,attain的适 当形式填空

obtained the property with a bank (1)He __________ loan.
(2)It is through learning that the individual acquires __________many habitual ways of reacting to

situations.

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gains by buying stocks (3)An investor ________

that go up in value.
attained (4)The salesperson__________his sales goal for the month.

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6-2 补全句子 (1)我们逐步获得了做这项工作的经验。 acquired experience in how to Gradually we __________________ do the work. (2)我们应该努力养成良好的习惯。 acquire good habits We should try to ____________________. (3)我们必须用功学习才能精通英语。

We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of ____________________________English.

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7 assess

vt.评估;评定

(教材原句)That means you must be able to assess when people are not telling the whole truth and then try to discover it. 那就是说, 在人们还没有说出全部真相前,记者就能够做

出判断,并力求发现真相。

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①The lawyers assessed the property at $35,000. 律师们估计这笔财产的价值为35 000美元。 ②We should equally assess historical figures. 我们应该公正地评价历史人物。 【联想】 assessment n. 评估;评价

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8inform

vt.告知;通知

(教材原句)They must use research to inform

themselves of the missing parts of the story.
他们必须通过调查研究,来使自己了解被遗 漏的那部分情况。 归纳拓展 inform sb.of/about sth.通知某人某物

inform sb.to do sth.告知某人干某事
inform sb.+that/wh-clause 通知某人某物 keep sb.informed of sth.随时告知某人某物

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①I have informed him of the time for the

opening ceremony.
我已经通知了他开幕仪式的时间。 ②They were informed to set off before dark. 他们被告知天黑前要出发。 ③I was informed that my luggage had

already arrived.
我接到通知说我的行李已经运到了。

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④He promised to keep me informed of how project was getting along. 他许诺随时告诉我工程的进展情况。 【联想】 information n.信息

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9depend on

依靠;依赖

(教材原句)Meanwhile you have to prepare
the next question depending_on what the person says.

同时,你还要根据被采访人所说的话准备提
出下一个问题。 归纳拓展 depend on sb.for sth.依靠某人取得某物 depend on sb.to do 依靠某人干某事

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①They depended on farming for their livelihood.

他们以农业为生。
②You can depend on him to rise to the occasion,if necessary.

如果需要的话,你可依靠他来应付这个局面。
【联想】

It all depends.视情况而定。
rest on依靠 rely on 依赖,依靠

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7-1 同义句改写
How do you make an assessment on your students? assess your students →How do you________________________ ? 7-2 补全句子

他们认为他们不应该仅仅通过考试还要通过
其他方面的表现来评估智力。 assess intelligence They say they should__________________ not only from these tests but other performances.

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8-1 补全句子

请随时通知我们最新的发展。
keep us informed of Please____________________the latest development.

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8-2 完成句子 (1)We need time to inform ourselves of the question 了解这个 ______________________________( 问题). (2)若地址有变动请随时通知我们。 Please inform us of any changes of ______________________________________ address. __________________________________

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9-1 补全句子

(1)我妻子女儿靠我生活。
My wife and depend on me for daughter______________________their living. (2)我不想依靠别人来处理这件事。 I don’t want to depend on others to cope/do with _______________________________the matter. (3)一切取决于我是否喜欢这个老板。 It all depends on whether I like the boss or not ____________________________.

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9-2 翻译句子 (1)你不能永远依赖你的父母。 You can’t depend on your parents forever. ______________________________________ (2)我能帮你,但那要看情况而定。 I may help you.But that/it depends. ______________________________________ (3)这要取决于你是否来这儿。

It depends on/upon whether you come ______________________________________ here or not. __________________________________

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10case

n. 情况;病例;案例

(教材原句)Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? 你有没有遇到这种情况,别人控告你的记者,

说他的报告失实呢?

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归纳拓展 in any case 无论如何,总之 in case 假使,如果,万一 in case of 万一……,如果发生…… in no case 决不 in this /that case 如果是这样/那样的话

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①I like to keep a few envelopes about in case I need them. 我喜欢在手头留存一些信封,以备不时之需。 ②In case of fire push the lower button. 如果发生火灾请按下面的按钮。

③In that case they would receive financial
aid from the state. 在那种情况下,他们将得到国家的财政援助。

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④In no case can you treat her like that.

你决不能那样对待她。
⑤In that case,we have to cancel the order. 要是那样的话,我们不得不取消订货。 【点津提示】 case用作先行词,其后定语 从句多用where或者in which引导。如:This

is the case where this kind of problem
appears easily.这就是这种问题容易出现的场 合。

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11accuse

vt.指责;谴责;控告

(教材原句)Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? 你有没有遇到这种情况,别人控告你的记者,

说他的报告失实呢?
归纳拓展 accuse sb.of sth.控告某人某物;谴责某人某 物

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①The police accused him of theft.

警察指控他行窃。
②Tom’s teacher accused him of cheating in the exam.

汤姆的老师指责他考试作弊。
【联想】

charge sb.with sth.控告某人某物
blame sb.for sth.因为某事而责备某人

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12so as to (do sth.)

为了(做)??

(教材原句)A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. 一位足球运动员被指控受贿,故意不进球,

为的是让另一队赢球。

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①He went there quickly so as to meet her. 他赶快到那里以便可以碰见她。

②He quickened his pace so as to catch the
bus. 他加快步伐以便能赶上那辆公共汽车。 ③We started early so as to get there before ten. 我们很早动身,为的是十点前赶到。

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[易混辨析]
that
比较
so as to

so as to/in order to/so that/in order
用法

多置于句末,表示目的。“为了??”之意, 其否定形式为so as not to do。

位于句式或者句末均可,引导目的状语,“为 in order to 了,以便??”;其否定形式是in order not to do。 so that in order that

引导目的状语从句或者结果状语从句,表示目 的时,其后从句中的谓语动词多含有情态动词 may,might,can,could等。
引导目的状语从句,从句中谓语动词多含有情 态动词may,might,can,could等。

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10-1 翻译句子
(1)我决不会改变主意。 In no case shall I change my mind. ______________________________________ (2)Take an umbrella in case it rains/in case of the rain. 带上伞,以防下雨。 __________________________________

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10-2 补全句子 (1)我决不会背叛我的祖国。 In no case will I __________________turn against my motherland. (2)听说星期天得加班。那样的话,我们就无 法看电影去了。 It is said that we’ll have to do extra work on In that case Sunday.______________ ,we can’t go to a movie.

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(3)万一发生火灾,所有的出口必须保持畅通。 In case of ______________ fire,all exits must be kept clear. (4)我能想到许多情况:学生明显知道一些英 语单词和表达但是不能写出一篇好文章。 where students I can think of many cases ________

obviously knew a lot of English words and
expressions but couldn’t write a good essay.

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(5)(2011· 高考山东卷改编题)他准备好了相机, 以便他看到好的东西就随时拍下来。 He had his camera ready in case he saw something that would make _______________________ a good picture.

名师微博

in no case表示否定意义“决不”,

位于句首时,其后用倒装语序。

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11-1 补全句子

我的老板指责我太粗心大意。 accused me of My boss__________________being too
careless.

11-2 翻译句子
因为他是如此的心不在焉和沉默,他的一个

老师曾经指责他是一个愚蠢的小孩。 Because he was so dreamy and quiet a ______________________________________
teacher once accused him of being stupid. ______________________________________

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12-1 同义句改写

In order that you can keep energetic,you
should exercise more. →You should exercise more so as to/in order to __________________keep energetic.

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13demand

n. 需求;要求 vt.强烈要求

(教材原句)It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong. 这事有点为难,因为如果我们错了,足球队

就可以向我们索要赔偿。

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归纳拓展

in demand (of) 受欢迎;有需要
make demands 提出要求 demand sth.要求得到某物 demand sth.of /from sb.向某人要求某物 demand to do sth.要求做某事

demand of sb.to do 要求某人做某事
demand thatclause 要求……(从句中谓语动 词用虚拟语气should do的形式,should可以 省略)

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①The factory is in great demand of steel to
keep up production. 那个工厂需要大量钢铁以维持生产。 ②Refuse to let others make unrealistic demands of you.

不要让旁人对你提不现实的要求。
③We demanded an immediate answer of them. 我们要求他们马上作出答复。

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④He demanded to know what was going on

there.他要求知道那里发生了什么事。
⑤He demanded of me to start at once.他要求 我马上出发。 ⑥She demanded that he(should)finish the work within an hour. 她要求他在一小时内完成工作。 【联想】 demanding adj.高要求的;费力的

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14gifted 归纳拓展

adj.有天赋的

be gifted in/at...在……方面有天赋

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①The gifted author wrote one smash after another. 这个天才作家创作了一篇又一篇轰动一时的 作品。 ②George was gifted in science and

technology.
乔治在理工科方面很有天赋。 ③She is a beautiful girl who is very gifted in language. 她是一个在语言方面很有天分的漂亮女孩!

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【联想】

talented adj.有天赋的
gift n. 天赋;礼物

have a gift for...在……方面有天赋

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12-2 补全句子

(1)为了赶上火车,我早上五点钟起床。
so as to/in order to/to I got up at five a.m.____________________ catch the train. so that/in order that =I got up at five a.m.__________________ I could catch the train. (2)为了考试及格,他很用功。 In order not to fail in the exam,he ________________ worked hard.

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13-1 补全句子

(1)这些丝制品没有什么销路。
These silk goods are not in demand much______________.

(2)他要求我关上大门。
demanded of me to shut He ________________________the gate.

(3)他们要求将这份协议用白纸黑字写下来。
They demanded that the agreement be written in black and white ______________________________.

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名师微博

表示“要求某人干某事”时,多用

demand of sb.to do sth.的句式。

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14-1 同义句改写 It seems he has a gift for music. is gifted in/at →It seems he ________________music. 14-2 补全句子 这个男孩在音乐方面很有才能。他四岁时就 会弹钢琴。 gifted at music The boy is ______________.He could play the

piano when he was four.

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名师微博

be gifted in/at相当于be talented

in/at,均表示“在……方面有天赋”之意。

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句型巧析
( 教 材 原 句 ) Not only am I interested in photography,but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills. 我对摄影不仅感兴趣,而且我在大学里还修

过摄影课来提升我的技术呢。
[ 句法分析 ] 本句含有 not only...but also... 句式,表示“不但??,而且??”之意。

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归纳拓展 (1)not only 表示否定意义,位于句首时,其后 用部分倒装语序。 (2)not only...but also...连接并列成分作主语时,

其后谓语动词遵循就近一致的原则。

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①Not only did he speak correctly,but he also spoke easily. 他不仅说得正确,而且说得很轻松。 ②Not only have American lives grown

longer,but their quality has improved.
美国人不仅提高了寿命,而且还提高了生活 质量。 ③Not only the students but also the teacher is fond of sport. 不但学生们而且老师也都喜爱运动。

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Making the news

巧学活用 1-1翻译句子

不仅你正确,他也正确。
Not only you but also he is right. ________________________________________ 1-2补全句子 他不仅抱怨饭馆里的食物不好而且还拒绝付费. did he complain about Not only________________________the food in also refused the restaurant,he________________to pay for it.


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