高考语法填空专题训练 一 Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: “The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money. 31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under 二 The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures. However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__(broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40____ their children to see. 31. an 32. latest 36. One 37. what 33.other/different 34. while 38. restrictions 35.associated
39. be broadcast(ed) 40.for
三 In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait __31____it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32____ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often provides
video news clips___34__ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35___(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36___ (order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37___ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my ___38___ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, ____40___ you just need to be careful. 31 until / till 32. to 33. my 34 that / which 35. buying 36、ordered 37、in 38、personal 39、a 40、but 四 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear ___31____ spoken.Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. ____32____ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success ___33___ language learning. ___34___ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only ___35____(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and ____36____meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. ____37____we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of ____38___(advise) for those ___39___are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and ___40___(write) the language whenever we can. 31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize 36. their 37. If 38. advice 39. who 40. writing 五 At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 32 a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction. I started wondering 34 I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 35 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and 36 certainly would have been no danger in going 37 it. Much later that night, the 38 question of why I’d stopped for that light came 39 to me. I think I stopped because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor 40 : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be stopped from doing
something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it. 31. as / when 32. Not 36. there 33.waiting 34. why 39.back 35. being caught 40. it
37. through 38.same
六 Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人). Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 36 easy to avoid someone 37 you are not interested in. In the real world, 38 , ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult. Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 39 (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 40 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right. 答案： 31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 36. it 37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely 七 Polar bears are suffering in a 31 (warm) world than ever before. Polar bears live in environments too cold for most animals. 32 much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared 33 for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that 34 (threat) the only home they know. The polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years 35 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, 37 scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 it, they can’t exist.” Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. 39 in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat is used later, 40 the bears are not actively hunting. 31、warmer 32、For/During 33、them34、threatens 35、since
八 31 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be no disagreement on the need for each of us 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want. To most of us, friendships are considered 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 34 kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or 35 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our 36 (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38 (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39 (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 return. 31. It 32. to think 33. important 34.the 35. kept 36.friends’ 37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in 九 Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31__ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32__(inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34__(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35____( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36__ a university library works; they expect students, 37__(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 __ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39_ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40__( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment. 31. If / When 32. information 33. with 34. responsible 35. is assigned 36. how 37. particularly/especially 38. besides 39. which/ that 40. is limited
十 This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck.The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as 33 (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital. 34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both theboy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?” The father went home and committed suicide. Think about this story 37 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 38 you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge. People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever. 31. puzzlement 32. happily 33. punishment 34. Although / Though 35. woke 36. but 37. the 38. before 39. be repaired 40. greater 十一
As I think back I realize how hard it is to view the world ___31___ the eyes of my childhood. ___32___ child’s mind is still filled with the idea that anything and everything is possible. They haven’t begun building the mental walls yet. Watch a child ___33___(learn) to walk and it’s amazing. No matter how many times they fall down, they hop back up ___34___ they instinctively know that eventually they’ll be able to walk. They don’t have to worry what ___35____ think. They have no need to put up a front(讲面子). They are who they are. But somewhere along the line they learn to be ___36___(practice). Their creativity is blocked over time, as the world ___37__(teach) them to fit in. Eventually they don’t bounce back as fast 38 they fail. Learning is now something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant.
You and I __39__ tear down those walls that are closing in and start fresh. It’s time to bring back that sense of joy and wonder. When you’re setting your goals for the New Year, think like a child. Set your goals as if __40__ is possible.
31. through 32. a 33. learning 34. because 35. others 36. practical 37. teaches 38. when/if 39. can 40. anything 十二
In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd. But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the
country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned. A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “ village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments. 31. it 32. However 33. called 34. popularity 35. privately 36. has been built 37. where 38. with 39. which 40. less
I now had the key to all languages, __31_ I was eager to learn to use it. Children __32__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __33__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__34__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __35__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__36__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare. At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__37__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn’t know many. But as my knowledge of things__38__ ( grow）and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __39__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__40__ (early). 31. and 32. who 33. They 34. blind 35. But 36. naming 37. few 38. grew 39. to 40. earlier
Table manners vary from culture to culture. What is acceptable in one country 31 be considered extremely rude in another . Here we will tell you about the traditional table manners 32 the modern table manners in Korea . 33 ( tradition ), it was the woman's job to cook food and 34 ( set ) the table . The woman would sit 35 her husband to make sure that he had everything he needed for a pleasant meal . Only 36 the husband finished , would the woman and her children eat . Nowadays, table manners have changed a lot . 37 of the family members eat together at the same time . It is common to see everyone help with the meal , 38 ( include ) the husband. One tradition , however, has not changed . It is that the oldest person starts the meal. 39 ( stay ) until the oldest person is finished is considered to be 40 basic tradition of Korean table manners .
语法:31. may 32. and 33. traditionally 34. set 35. by\beside 36. after 37. All 38. including 39. Staying 40. a 十五 One day, about ten years ago, while working at the cash register in the gift shop at my University Museum of Natural History, I saw 31 elderly couple come in with a little girl in a wheelchair. As I looked 32 ( close ) at this girl, I founf that she was fixed on her chair. I then realized she had no arms or legs , just a head, a neck andupper body, 33 ( dress ) in a little white skirt. As the couple wheeled her up to me, I turned my head toward the girl. When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back 34 the girl, who was giving me the most optimistic, largest smile I had ever seen. All of a sudden, her handicap was gone and all I saw was this beautiful girl, 35 smile just melted me 36 almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of 37 life is all about. She took me from a poor, unhappy college student and 38 ( bring ) me into her world; a world of smiles, love and 39 ( warm ). I’m a successful business man now and whenever I think about the troubles of the world, I think about that little girl and the remarkable lesson about life that she taught 40 . 31．an 32．closer/closely 33． dressed 34． 37．what 38．brought 39．warmth 40．me at 35．whose 36．and
十六 Most students do an IQ test early in their school career. Even if they never see their results, they feel that their IQ is 31 determines how well they are going to do in life. When they see other students doing 32 than them, they usually believe that those students have 33higher IQ and that there is nothing they can do 34 (change) facts. However, new research into EQ suggests that success is not 35 (simple) the result of a high IQ. While your IQ tells you how 36(intelligence) you are, your EQ tells you how well you use your intelligence. Professor Salovery, who 37 (invent) the term EQ, gives the following description: At work, it is IQ 38 gets you promoted. Supported by his academic research, Professor Salovery suggests that when 39 (predict) someone's future success, their character, 40 measured by EQ tests, might actually matter more than their IQ. 31. what 32. better 33. a 34. to change 35. simply 36. intelligent 37. invented 38. that 39. predicting 40. as 十七 It was my first day in Hangzhou, the Chinese city famous for its natural beauty and history and I didn't have much time to spare. I wanted to see 31 much of the city as possible in the two days 32 I was to return to Guangzhou. My first task was to
decide where to go and 33 to get there. I took out my guide book in which there was a lot of information about the city's well-known tourist 34 (attract) and started to read. At that moment an attractive young lady 35 noticed ,ny book came up to me and introduced 36 . She said her name was Miss Bai She and kindly offered to show me 37 the city. I was delighted and was about to accept her proposal when she suggested we first 38 (go) to the West Lake and walk along the Broken Bridge. I quite liked the idea of visiting the West Lake but wasn't so sure about crossing the Broken Bridge. 39 it was broken, did she expect me to jump across? And I couldn't swim, so if I fell in then I would drown. That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, 40 (close) my book and walked away. 31. as 32. before 33. how 34. attractions 35. who/that 36. herself 37. around 38. go 39. If/Since/As 40. closed
A regular inspection last month by the Ministry of Agriculture showed that food quality in 37 major cities has improved after a four-month promotional campaign. The nationwide inspection of vegetables, pork and aquatic products 31 (find) acceptance rates had risen since August 32 the campaign was launched. The inspection found that 95.3 percent of the country's vegetables were safe in terms of pesticide residues; so were 98.4 percent of meat products because a drug some farmers 33 (use) to put in pig feed but which is now banned due to 34 damage it can cause to the human heart. 99.8 percent of aquatic products were free of chloramphenicol, and 95.7 percent were free from malachite green, both of 35 are banned fish food supplements. No pork products in Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai and 25 other cities 36 (pollute) with banned drugs. Aquatic products in seven cities 37 (include) Beijing, Tianjin and Guangzhou were also found to be safe from 38 (legal) drugs. Thanks to the campaign, public 39 (aware) of agricultural product quality and food safety has been strengthened. The ministry said it will follow up the campaign by cracking down on fake agricultural supplies and develop a network that gives farmers access 40 authentic and good-quality agricultural materials. 31. found 32. when 33. used 34. the 35. which 36. were polluted 37. including 38. illegal 39. awareness 40. to 十九 Many teenagers envy those young actresses who are discovered by famous directors and start glittering careers in their early 20s.Like Gong Li and Zhang Ziyi who were discovered by Zhang Yimou, the new lucky girl is 19-year-old Zhang Yuqi
from Shandong Province. Chosen by Hong Kong comedy actor and director Stephen Chow, Zhang makes her__31__film performance in Chow's new successful movie, CJ7 or A Hope. The movie__32__ (bring ) to the screen on January 31. In the sci-fi movie, Chow plays a poor father, __33__works very hard to support his 9-year-old son. __34__day, Chow discovers a strange "toy" in the garbage __35__gives it to his son a birthday present. Soon the "toy" turns out to be a communication device lost by aliens, who__36__(desperate) want it back. Zhang stars as his son's beautiful teacher, __37__ whom Chow falls in love, not__38__ (know) that she is a robot. Although Zhang feels fortunate, as A Hope has made her__39__ overnight star, the student at Shanghai Drama Academy has to learn to adapt to the competitive film world. "It's a good start, a good opportunity and a stressful challenge as well for__40__ age," Zhang said. 31. first 32.was brought 33. who34. One 35. and 36. desperately 37.with 38. knowing 39. an 40. my 二十 Many teenagers envy those young actresses who are discovered by famous directors and start glittering careers in their early 20s.Like Gong Li and Zhang Ziyi who were discovered by Zhang Yimou, the new lucky girl is 19-year-old Zhang Yuqi from Shandong Province. Chosen by Hong Kong comedy actor and director Stephen Chow, Zhang makes her__31__film performance in Chow's new successful movie, CJ7 or A Hope. The movie__32__ (bring ) to the screen on January 31. In the sci-fi movie, Chow plays a poor father, __33__works very hard to support his 9-year-old son. __34__day, Chow discovers a strange "toy" in the garbage __35__gives it to his son a birthday present. Soon the "toy" turns out to be a communication device lost by aliens, who__36__(desperate) want it back. Zhang stars as his son's beautiful teacher, __37__ whom Chow falls in love, not__38__ (know) that she is a robot. Although Zhang feels fortunate, as A Hope has made her__39__ overnight star, the student at Shanghai Drama Academy has to learn to adapt to the competitive film world. "It's a good start, a good opportunity and a stressful challenge as well for__40__ age," Zhang said. 31. first 32.was brought 33. who34. One 35. and 36. desperately 37.with 38. knowing 39. an 40. my