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高考英语二轮复习课件:专题三 书面表达-最后一道关卡

高考英语二轮复习课件:专题三 书面表达-最后一道关卡


专题三 书面表达 ——最后一道关卡

【考前思索】 我在写书面表达前是否先列提纲? 我是否先写好初稿,然后再修改、定稿? 写作文时,我会注意语法使用,尤其是时态的使用是否正

确吗?
我会尽量避开生僻的词汇和没有把握的表达方法吗? 我会运用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑吗? 我能否确保在高考前背诵三、四十篇优秀的书面表达范文?

【考向聚焦】 纵观近几年的高考写作内容,我们可以断言,新的一年 的高考英语写作将会有以下几个特点: ①写作题材突出实用特色,以配合新课标理念。考查学生运

用英语解决实际问题的能力。会从学生熟悉的或亲身感受的
生活中选材,考生会有话可说,有理可依。 ②贴近生活、贴近时代,但不一定追逐热点。 ③考生在做题的同时,写作题材会向他们渗透积极的情感、 态度和价值观,体现高考的导向作用。

④高考写作话题的重点:校园生活,文娱活动,同学或师生
关系,语言和文化学习及交流,环境保护和交通,科技进步 和网络生活、人文社会和亲情友情等。

1.误区诊断

(1) 语篇方面:考生命题不清、要点缺失、次重点遗漏、
人称混用、段落层次不清、时态混乱。 (2) 句法方面:主谓不一致、语序错位、语态混淆、句子 基本结构错误,汉语式表达,句式单一。 (3) 语法方面:拼写错误,词性功能概念不清,忽略词的

感情色彩,词汇搭配错误。
(4) 其他方面:字数不够、书写潦草、大小字不分、标点 使用错误、卷面不整洁。

2.误区警示 易错类型一 汉语或英语

不少考生在英语书面表达时易受汉语习惯影响,所写句 子虽然语法正确,却不符合英语表达习惯,造成不少汉式英 语病句。要减少汉式病句,考生必须做到: (1)养成用英语思维进行写作的习惯,注意中英文差异所 带来的不同表达方式;

(2)平时多归纳总结,纠正汉式英语;
(3)多听对外广播,广泛阅读英文版书籍、报纸及其他材 料。

改正下列句子的错误: 1.That factory broke out a fire last Sunday. 答案 A fire broke out in that factory last Sunday.

2.This building likes a school.

答案

This building looks like a school.

3.He will able to write articles in English next year. 答案 year. He will be able to write articles in English next

4.Recently our village have taken place great changes. 答案 village. 5 . Professor Lee from Beijing University will give us a Recently great changes have taken place in our

lecture tomorrow.
答案 Professor Lee comes from Beijing University will

give us a lecture tomorrow.

易错类型二

句子结构不完整或结构错误

一个句子至少包括主语和谓语两部分(祈使句除外)。如 果把句子的某一个部分当成一个句子,就会导致句子不完整。 两个各含有主语和谓语的分句不能写在一起,也不能只用逗

号分开。

改正下列句子的错误: 1.China is no longer what used to be.

答案

China is no longer what it used to be.

2 . You practise more reading , you will improve your reading ability. 答案 If you practise more reading,you will improve

your reading ability.

3.They finished the homework,they went out.
答案 Since/As/Because they finished the homework ,

they went out.

4.China is still a developing country,most people can't afford a car. 答案 China is still a developing country,so most people

can't afford a car.
5.The woman talked to you just now is our English teacher. 答案 The woman who talked to you just now is our

English teacher. 6.I can't imagine what life would be like if have not any TV

sets.
答案 I can't imagine what life would be like if we have

not any TV sets.

易错类型三

重复累赘

某些英语单词本身自带某种意思,或由于语法规则不能

再出现某个单词,而考生基本功不扎实,常常出现累赘现象。
改正下列句子的错误: 1.The box is too heavy for the weak boy to carry it. 答案 The box is too heavy for the weak boy to carry.

2.We hope to improve our work better.

答案

We hope to improve our work.

3.I seldom go to the library due to the reason it is far away from my home. 答案 I seldom go to the library because it is far away

from my home.

4.You's class was interesting.
答案 Your class was interesting.

5.I returned back the book to you yesterday. 答案 I returned the book to you yesterday.

易错类型四

句子缺乏逻辑性或连贯性

一个句子必须要表达一个完整的、前后语意一致的意思。 如果把不相干的意思放在一个句子里或一个句子表达不完整。 就会出现逻辑问题。句子无论长短,在安排上要合乎逻辑,

衔接自然,使句内语意关系明确。而考生在习作过程中常出
现指代不明、缺少过渡词语、非平行结构或语意不完整的分 割句等错误。

改正下列句子中的错误: 1.Being an honest man,Tom worked very hard. 答案 Being an honest man,Tom never tells a lie.

2.Li Hua is a kind-hearted girl.She will be successful in

anything she tries.
答案 As Li Hua has a strong will and confidence in

herself,she may be successful in anything she tries. 3.Rose is in love with John,John likes Mary. 答案 Rose is in love with John,but John likes Mary.

易错类型五

语法、词法错误

许多考生写作中易犯主谓不一致、词性混用、选词或搭

配不当,时态语态错误、指代不清、语序不当等方面的错误。
改正下列句子中的错误: 1.In the bedroom there are a bed,a sofa,a desk and a chair. 答案 In the bedroom there is a bed,a sofa,a desk and

a chair.
2.He closed the door and hurries away to class. 答案 He closed the door and hurried away to class.

3.60% of the students against the idea of entrance fees. 答案 60% of the students are against the idea of

entrance fees. 4.Two days past before his letter arrived.

答案

Two days passed before his letter arrived.

5 . In order to learn English well , I should increase the method of study. 答案 In order to learn English well,I should improve

the method of study.

易错类型六

拼写错误及标点符号误用

考生出现单词拼写错误的原因:一是因为发音错误导致 拼写错误,如: strick(strict) ;二是因为不知道动词的不规 则变化所导致的,如: teached(taught) 等。标点符号是一种

变相文字,是书面表达不可缺少的重要手段,很多考生不了
解不同标点符号的用途或英汉标点差异,结果出现错误。如 (.)。


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