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福建省福州市2015届高三上学期期末质量检测英语试题 Word版含解析

福建省福州市2015届高三上学期期末质量检测英语试题 Word版含解析


(完卷时间:120 分钟;满分:150 分) 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第Ⅰ卷 1 至 11 页,第Ⅱ卷 1l 至 12 页。满

第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 115 分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.How did the woman know John failed the exam? A.From his expression.B.From his paper. 2.Where does the conversation probably take place? A.At a shop. B.At a cinema. C.At a restaurant. C.From the woman.

3.What will the speakers do? A.Go to Manila. 4.Who is the woman? A.A new worker. B.A regular customer. C.A shop manager. B.Invite Mr Quizon. C.Get familiar with their company.

5.What does the man mean? A.He will go to town. B.He misses his parents. C.He has moved house. 高三英语 —1—(共 12 页) 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个

小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.What happened to the boy at the basketball match? A.He injured his leg. B.He quit the match halfway. C.He failed to score the key ball. 7.What was the boy disappointed at? A.The result of the match. B.His performance in the match. C.His teammates’behavior after the match. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.What are the speakers doing? A.Playing chess. B.Looking at pictures. C.Making weekend plans.

9.What do we know about the woman? A.She cooked the man some dishes. B.She expresses an interest in cooking. C.She concentrates when playing chess. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What are the speakers talking about? A.A hobby. B.A job. C.A plan.

11.What did the man think of learning to make videos? A.Diffcult. B.Enjoyable. C.Boring.

12.What does the man plan to do in the future? A.Write stories. B.Stop making videos. C. Enter the music industry.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 1 3 至 l 6 题。 13.Where will the man go first? A.To a hall. B.To a classroom. C.To a meeting room.

14.What will the Director of the Studies talk about? A.Student dormitories. B.Different courses. C.Social activities.

15.How long will the man stay in the hall?

A.One hour and fifteen minutes. B.One and a half hours. C.One hour and forty-five minutes. 高三英语 —2—(共 12 页) 16.How does the man feel about the test? A.Glad. B.Surprised. C.Confident.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.How long is the lecture about ants? A.30 minutes. B.45 minutes. C.60 minutes.

1 8.Where will the film The Great Migration show? A.In Theater A. B.In Theater B. C.In Theater C.

1 9.Who will host the event Encouraging Garden Wildlife? A.David Crocker. B.Monica Chaddha C.The speaker.

20.What can the listeners do at 2:30 p.m.? A.Visit the Exhibition Room. B.Attend a lecture. C.See a film.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21.Anhui Province has relaxed the one-child policy,allowing couples to have a second baby if ____ parent is an only child. A.neither 【答案】C B.no C.either D.Any

考 点 :考 察词语辨析。

22.People would like to listen to officials talk____,for no one likes an endless and empty talk. A.seriously 【答案】D B.fluently C.frequently D.Plainly

考 点 :考 察副词辨析。 23. Sorry to have kept you waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time____Mr. Smith is available. A.when 【答案】B B.before C.after D.Since

考点:考 察时间状语从句引导词 24.一 Excuse me,sir.This is a non-smoking train. 一 Oh,sorry.I____ know that. A.haven’t known 【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:考察时态。根据语境来看,吸烟的人不知道这是一节无烟车厢,这个不知道的行 为发生在过去,所以用一般过去式。该对话意思为:--打扰了,先生,这是一节无烟车厢。 ----哦,对不起,我不知道。故选 C 考点:考察时态。 25.The world is a book,and those who don’t travel read only one page.That’s____I’ll go on a tour this summer. A.how 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考察表语从句引导词。根据该空所在句子 That 是主语,is 是谓语,谓语是系动 词,则系动词后的部分是表语。这里 why 和后面的 I’ll go on a tour this summer 是该空所在 B.why C.when D.Where B.hadn’t know C.didn’t know D.don’t know

小句的表语。该句意思为:世界是一本书。那些没有旅行过的人只读了一页。这就是为什么 我这个夏天去旅行的原因。连接副词 Why 引出原因,故选 B 考点:考察表语从句引导词。 26.一____it snow tomorrow,what would we do? 一 In that case,we'11 have to stay at home. A.Will 【答案】D B.Must C.Might D.Should

考点:考 察情态动词。 27.Ning Zetao,who won a total of four golds at the 2014 Incheon Asian Games,____ himself as a new swim star. A.distinguished 【答案】A B.described C.Represented D.Developed

考点:考 察动词辨析 28.Today APEC is playing a more important role in the world stage,______ purpose is to promote economic cooperation in the Asia-Pacific area. A.where 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考察非限制性定语从句引导词。whose 是定语从句中一个常用的关系代词, 它 是关系代词 who 的所有格,在从句中作定语,也就是说当先行词与从句中某个名词有所属 关系,表达“……的”意思。该句意思为:如今,亚太经合在世界舞台上正起着更加重要的作 用,它的目的在于促进亚洲-太平洋地区的区域经济合作。故选 B 考点:考察非限制性定语从句引导词。 B.whose C.when D.Which

29.Social and economic development has contributed to an increasing______ for future. A.demand 【答案】A B.curiosity C.anxiety D.Arrangement

考点:考 察名词辨析 30.My aunt is thought very fashionable,for she is always wearing a sweater______ on TV these months. A.advertising C.being advertised 【答案】C B.having advertised D.to be advertised

考点: 考 察非谓语动词 31.Jack Ma is the richest man in China now and has ______ $3billion to invest in environment and education. A.set aside 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析: 考察短语辨析.A. set aside 把…放在一边、 留出; B. set about 开始做; C. set down 制定、记下;D.set up 建立、准备。该句意思为:马云是中国目前最富有的人,他为环境 和教育投了 30 亿美元。根据句意,故选 A 考点:考察短语辨析。 32.The film X—Men Ⅲ______ to be another big box office draw next year. A.has promised 【答案】D B.is promising C.will promise D.Promises B.set about C.set down D.set up

考点:考 察一般现在时。 33.Deep reading is a process in which people critically think______ trying to catch the words on the page. A.in addition to 【答案】A B.in favor of C.in reply to D.in search of

考点:考 察短语辨析。 34.If you are sick with the flu,you’11 have to stay home to prevent it______ to others. A.spread 【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:考查固定搭配。固定搭配:Prevent sb (from)doing sth.阻止某人做某事。故选 C。 该句意思为:如果你感染了流感,你将不得不留在家里以防传染给他人。 考点:考察固定搭配。 35.一 My son is a volunteer and often helps the disabled. 一______.They’re really something. A.So do they C.So are they 【答案】B B.So it is with my son D.So is my son B.to spread C.Spreading D.to have spread

考点:考

察倒装句型 So it is with sb. 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In an early stage,in Americans’eyes,Ebola was only a disease characterized by fever in Africa. 36 then a man from west Africa died from Ebola at a hospital in Dallas,Texas.And two nurses 37 for him became infected with the virus,which made the US government issue new guidelines(指南)to 38 health workers. Top American 39 have repeatedly said that most people have little chance of being 40 that Ebola can only be spread through 42 many Americans are 41 with an infected

infected.Experts have

person’s body fluid-like blood.But it

43 what they have heard.

A recent survey found more than 80 percent of Americans believe that Ebola can be spread in many Health 44 45 ,including air forced through the nose or mouth.The Harvard School of Public the findings.The study also showed that most adults fear there will be a(n) 46

of Ebola in the United States soon. 47 survey found that more than 70 percent of Americans would support calls to 48

travel to and from Ebola-affected parts of Africa. Thomas Frieden heads the U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.When asked whether 49 officials had considered a travel ban, Mr. Frieden had able to check travelers for we do 52 51 50 to say: “We won’t be

when they leave or when they arrive. We won’t be able , as 53 when they arrive. When

,to take a detailed history to see if they were

they arrive, we wouldn’t be able to impose quarantine(强加隔离)as we now can if they have 54 contact.” Last week , President Barack Obama urged Americans not to or fear “. This week,the administration announced that all travelers arriving in the United States from some African nations are required to pass through one of five airports. 【小题 1】A.Just 【小题 2】A.arranging 【小题 3】A.protect B.So B.standing B.attend C.But C.searching C.inspect D.even D.caring 55 what he called “ panic

D.accompany 【小题 4】A.physicists 【小题 5】A.stated 【小题 6】A.stay 【小题 7】A.proves 【小题 8】A.studying D.determining 【小题 9】A.ways 【小题 10】A.released 【小题 11】A.set 【小题 12】A.The other 【小题 13】A.forbid 【小题 14】A.foreign 【小题 15】A.that 【小题 16】A.change 【小题 17】A.immediately 【小题 18】A.examined 【小题 19】A.distant B.areas B.received B.income B.Another B.expect B.royal B.this B.money B.occasionally B.searched B.high-risk C.organs C.admitted C.decrease C.One C.require C.African C.nothing C.fever C.presently C.explored C.common C.give in to D.bodies D.rejected D.outbreak D.The same D.allow D.federal D.those D.crime D.regularly D.exposed D.slight D.add up to B.doctors B.suggested B.contact B.happens B.discussing C.officials C.considered C.communication C.says C.questioning D.officers D.regretted D.struggle D.appears

【小题 20】A.look forward to B.pay attention to 【答案】 【小题 1】C 【小题 2】D 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】B 【小题 5】A 【小题 6】B 【小题 7】D 【小题 8】C 【小题 9】A 【小题 10】A

【小题 11】D 【小题 12】B 【小题 13】A 【小题 14】D 【小题 15】B 【小题 16】C 【小题 17】C 【小题 18】D 【小题 19】B 【小题 20】C

【小题 2】 考察动词辨析 A.Arranging 安排;B.Standing 忍受、站立;C.Searching 寻找;D.Caring 照顾、关心。结合语境,是照顾他的护士也感染了病毒,故选 D 【小题 3】考察动词辨析 A.protect 保护; B. Attend 参加; C. Inspect 检查; D. Accompany 陪伴。根据语境,前文中照顾死于埃博拉病毒的两个护士感染了埃博拉病毒,这使得美国政 府发布指南来保护健康的工人们。故选 A 【小题 4】 考察名词辨析。 A. Physicists 心理学家; B. Doctors 医生; C. Officials 官员; D. Officers 军官。结合语境分析,“----不停的说大多数的人被感染的几率很小”,能说这样话的人,应 该是医生。故选 B

文 来 看, 医生们说埃博拉病毒传染几率小, 专家们说埃博拉病毒只能通过体液传播, 但是后文中人们 认为埃博拉病毒可以以很多方式传播,人们的反应证明了人们不相信专家们所说的, 故选 A

【小题 11】考察词语辨析 A.Set 套、台;B.Income 收入;C.Decrease 下降;D.Outbreak 爆发。 该句话的意思是研究也表明大多数成年人害怕美国不久会有埃博拉病毒的大爆发。 故 选D 【小题 12】考察词语辨析 A.The other 指两个人或物中的一个; B.Another 只能用于三个 或更多的人或物;C.One 一个;D.The same 同样的。结合语境,这里指的是除了上文的调 查以外的又一个调查,是两者中的一个,故选 A 【小题 13】考察动词辨析 A.forbid 禁止;B.Expect 期待;C.Require 要求;D.Allow 允许。结合语境,这里说的是超过百分之 70 的美国人将会支持要求禁止人们去非洲埃博拉 病毒传染的地区旅游。故选 A 【小题 14】考察形容词辨析 A.Foreign 外国的、外国人的;B.Royal 王室的;C.African 非洲人的;D.Federal 联邦的。托马斯是美国疾病防治中心的“头儿”,美国疾病防治中心是 个美国国家机构,美国国家机构里的自然是联邦官员,故选 D 【小题 15】考察代词用法。由该空所在句 Mr.Frieden had 50 to say:“We won’t be able to…“知,空后是托马斯说的话,这里的意思是 Mr.Frieden 有话要说:“我们不能…”这里的 this 代指后面的句子。故选 B

【小题 19】考察形容词辨析 A.Distant 远的;B.high-risk 高风险的; C. Common 一般的; D.Slight 轻微的。结合语境,该句意思应该为:如果当他们到来之时,如果他们(和埃博 拉病毒)有高危接触,我们将不能够如同我们现在一样加强隔离。故选 B 【小题 20】考察动词短语辨析 A.look forward to 期望;B.pay attention to 注意; C. give in to 向…屈服;D.add up to 增加。结合语境这里奥巴马是鼓励民众们不要向“恐惧之慌”屈服,

故选 C。 考点:考察说明文阅读。 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

Do you know how Uncle Sam became the popular symbol of the United States? Some historians believe that he is based on a real person, Samuel Wilson. During the War of 1812,Wilson sold meat to American troops. Wilson labeled the meat barrels(桶)US.This meant that it was for the army.At that time,US was not used to mean“United States”.An officer asked what the US on the barrels meant.A soldier replied, “United States”,meaning Samuel Wilson. The Uncle Sam image(形象)today shows a man with a beard,a stars and stripes(星条旗) top hat,and a suit.Thomas Nast created this image in about 1838.It represented the government in Nast's political cartoons. Some people believe that Nast based his image on Dan Rice, a popular entertainer.Rice performed while wearing a top hat and suit. Others think it was James M.Flagg that drew the most famous image of Uncle Sam in 1917, during World War I.It shows a serious man pointing a finger at the viewer and says“United States”.Flagg drew this enduring image to encourage Americans to join the U.S.Army.It has been used for this purpose ever since. Today, Uncle Sam is a symbol of the United States that is recognized around the world. 【小题 1】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Uncle Sam was a character created by the government of the United States. B.Samuel Wilson,a businessman,sold meat to American troops during the War of 1812. C.Uncle Sam was based on an entertainer to show Americans were popular people. D.The image of Uncle Sam has been used to urge Americans to join the army since 1838. 【 小 题 2 】 The underlined word“enduring”in the fourth paragraph is closest in meaning to“________”. A.long-lasting B.short-lived C.painful D.scary

【小题 3】It can be inferred from the passage that___________. A.Uncle Sam is an officer from the American army B.Uncle Sam’s top hat and suit reflect the American flag C.Tile Uncle Sam symbol is the best of all American symbols D.Opinions differ about how Uncle Sam became a national symbol 【小题 4】Which of the following can best sum up the passage? A.The name Uncle Sam was invented during the War of 1821. B.There are many symbols of the United States,including Uncle Sam. C.Over time,the image of Uncle Sam came to represent the United States. D.Uncle Sam is a national symbol that is recognized around the United States. 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】D 【小题 4】C

种意图。 可以推断出,这个形象使用的时间很长,所以,划线的单词的意思应该是长期的,故选 A。

考点:考 察说明文阅读。 B Charlie Bucket,the beloved hero of British writer Roald Dahl’s evergreen 1964 children’s story Charlie and the Chocolate Factory ,is like all of Dahl’s readers. We may come from richer or poorer families than Charlie does,but we all share his desire to win that golden ticket to explore the wonders of Mr Willy Wonka’s candy factory. . .

Mr Wonka is the most famous chocolate maker in the world.His chocolates are not just sweet and delicious but little works of art. He makes hot ice creams for cold days and candies that change color every 10 seconds as you suck on them. So, naturally, when Mr Wonka announces a competition to visit his famous chocolate factory, very kid in the world is wildly excited. To win a place you have get a ticket. To get a ticket you have to be lucky, finding a golden ticket beneath the silver foil(箔) when you buy a bar of Wonka's chocolate. Charlie wants a ticket more than anyone. But his family is so poor that they have no money to spare for candy. Charlie watches on the news as each lucky kid gets a ticket. When his grandpa slips Charlie some money and tells him to buy a Wonka bar, it seems that the story will change. But no, there's no ticket in the bar. But Charlie's luck does change. Against all the odds(逆境),when he has given up all hope,he finds himself holding the last golden ticket. So Charlie,along with other kids,starts his magical trip. Inside, there are more amazing things than you could ever imagine. People love to read about the downtrodden(受压迫的)hero who comes out on top. but Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is much more than a simple story.“Dahl's words.,wild imagination

and menacing( 令 人 讨 厌 的 )adult characters all combine to make his work ring so

true ,”commented Publishers Weekly. “The way he celebrates the innocence of childhood never goes out of style.” 【小题 1】According to the passage, Wonka's chocolates A. are works of art appealing to kids C. are popular with poor families 【小题 2】Charlie buys a Wonka bar in order to A. taste sweet and delicious chocolates C. explore the wonders of chocolates .

B. can change shapes every 10 seconds D. can bring good luck to poor kids . B. try his luck to get a ticket in the bar D. find out how chocolates are made

【小题 3】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passages? A. Charlie wants to get more golden tickets than anyone else. B. Charlie has learnt to produce the most delicious chocolate. C. Charlie's trip in the Chocolates Factory is full of amazement. D. Mr. Wonka announces an activity in which kids can get chocolates. 【小题 4】The author of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory thinks highly of A. wild imagination C. vivid description 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】B 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】B B. innocence of childhood D. disgusting adult characters .

巧克 力棒的时候,在银箔下面找到一张金券。故选 B

考点: 考察说明文阅读。 C Traveling to a new country isn't as simple as just buying a ticket and boarding a plane. In fact, it can be easy for an awkward situation to occur. Different customs can often cause misunderstandings and even trouble. So an article in the Daily Mai highlighted taboos in certain countries. Let’s take a look. 01 France When visiting France ,you’d better not be caught cutting your lettuce (生菜) with a knife and fork. It’s rude to the chief cook and suggests that the salad hasn’t been prepared correctly. The correct way to eat lettuce in France is to fold it with your fork to make it fit in your mouth. In Mexico , bringing an expensive gift to someone’s home is a no-no ,as ye could be seen as something for you .Something simple like flowers and chocolates would be accepted. But you can’t take along marigolds (金盏花)or red flowers , because in Mexican culture, they symbolize death and can be associated with the use of magic. 03 Mexico You have to be careful with gifts of flowers in Germany too. Fox example, carnation (康乃馨) are used for a religious ceremony for burying a dead person .So if you want to give your host flowers, ask them what their favorite flowers, And if your bring your host eight flowers . he or she won't be happy, for an even numbers considered unlucky. Germany 04 Italy 02 It’s actually best to be a little less friendly than usual when you visit Italy. It’s considered strange to make small talk with strangers, as the locals are reserved. Too much familiarity from a stranger can be seen as threatening, so keep greetings short.

【小题 1】The underlined word“ taboo” in the first paragraph refers to a social custom that mean a

particular activity must be A. Held B. Avoided

. C. undertaken D. protected .

【小题 2】According to the passage,as a tourist, you can A. send red flowers or chocolates to your friend in Mexico B. never talk with strangers happily for a short time in Italy

C. visit your friend with eleven marigolds he or she likes best in Germany D. never fold your lettuce with your fork to make it fit in your mouth in France 【小题 3】The purpose of the passage is to help A. acquire the latest information B. deal with an awkward situation C. learn how to get on with strangers D. prevent an emharrassing mistake 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】D in a new country.

flowe rs,…for an even numbers considered unlucky.于是,如果你要给主人送上花朵,问问他们 最喜欢的花…偶数的东西被认为是不祥的。 从这里可以推断德国人家带上奇数的他们最 喜 欢 的 花 比 较 好 , 故 选

C 点:考察说明文阅读。 D



It seems that people are gradually losing their smartness as smartphones become increasingly important assistants in their lives. As we rely too much on technology instead of our brains, many people have lost three basic abilities.

The first skill many people have lost is remembering phone numbers. Because phone numbers are stored in smartphone contacts, there's now no need to dial a number or look at it again. This is fine until you need to call someone for help, only to find your phone is not around. And some people may also have lost their sense of direction because navigation apps can guide people anywhere they want. People get so dependent on them that when they can't use their smartphones, they get lost and anxious. But the worst lost skills may be social ones, meaning that some people are becoming socially inept(无能的)People often bury themselves in their smartphones. As we're too absent-minded by what's happening in the virtual(虚拟的)some of us have lost conversational skills and sometimes can't even distinguish whether a person is happy or not. Last August, researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, studied 51 students aged 11 and 12 who had over five hours' screen time every day. Their task was to tell the emotions of 48 pictures of faces that were happy, sad, angry or scared. The children made an average of 14. 02 mistakes at the beginning. But after a five-day camp without electronic products, they made only 9.41 mistakes on average. Luckily, people still have a chance to get these abilities back. You should try to keep your parents' numbers in mind for emergencies. You should also pay more attention to street signs and stores , which will help you to draw a mind map and stop you from getting lost. And the easiest solution to social skill loss is to take a break from electronic products. 【小题 1】The underlined sentence in the second paragraph implies that A. you are able to turn to others for help B. others are able to call you anytime and anywhere C. others are unable to get in touch with you by smartphone D. you are unable to contact others without your smartphone 【小题 2】 The experiment by researchers indicated that without electronic products, one could . .

A. recognize more facial expressions correctly B. lose the sense of direction frequently C. tell different emotions immediately D.more pictures of faces easily

【小题 3】Overusing smartphones, people will probably A. lose face-to-face communication skills C. weaken their senses of hearing and sight

according to the passage

B. have no sense of numbers D. fail to find their destination .

【小题 4】The passage mainly tells us that many people are A. becoming no smarter than smartphones B. benefiting from smartphones' intelligence C.losing some basic abilities because of using samrtphones D.trying hard to break away from smartphones’intelligence 【小题 5】The writer’s attitude towards electronic products is A.critical 【答案】 【小题 1】D 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】C 【小题 5】A B.sympathetic C.supportive .

D.optimistic

But after a five-day camp without electronic products, they made only 9.41 mistakes on average.在最开始, 孩子们平均犯 14.02 个错误, 但是在没有电子产品的五天野营之后, 他们平均只出 9.41 个错 误。故选 A 【小题 3】 细节题。 倒数第四段最后一句 some of us have lost conversational skills and sometimes can't even distinguish whether a person is happy or not 我们中的一些人已经失去了对话技能, 有时候甚至不能分辨一个

考点: 考察说明文阅读。 E NASA is developing the capabilities needed to send humans to an asteroid (小行星)by 2025 and then Mars in the 2030s—goals outlined in NASA’s official documents 2014. Mars is a rich destination tor scientific discovery and robotic and human exploration as we expand our presence into the solar system.Future exploration could uncover evidence of life,answering one of the fundamental mysteries:Does life exist beyond Earth? While robotic explorers have studied Mars for more than 40 years,NASA’s path for the human exploration of Mars begins in low-Earth orbit aboard the International Space Station.Astronauts on the orbiting laboratory are helping us prove many of the technologies and communications systems needed for human missions (任务) to deep space, including Mars. The space station also advances our understanding of how the body changes in space and how to protect astronaut health. Our next step is deep space, where NASA will send a robotic mission to catch and redirect an asteroid to orbit the moon.Astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft will explore the asteroid in the 2020s,returning to Earth with samples.This experience in human spaceflight beyond low-Earth orbit will help NASA test new systems,which we’ll need to send cargo(货物)as part of human missions to Mars. Beginning in FY 2018, NASA’s powerfull Space Launch System (SLS) rocket will enable these "proving ground" missions to test new technologies.Human missions to Mars will rely on Orion and an evolved version of SLS that will be the most powerful launch vehicle ever flown。 A lot of robotic spacecraft and rovers(探测器)already are on and around Mars,greatly increasing our knowledge about the Red Planet and paving the way of future human

explorers.The Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover measured radiation on the way to Mars and is sending back radiation data from the surface.This data will help us plan how to protect the astronauts who will explore Mars. Future missions like the Mars 2020 rover, seeking signs of past life,also will demonstrate new technologies that could help astronauts survive on Mars. Engineers and scientists around the country are working hard to develop the technologies astronauts will use to one day live and work on Mars,and safely return home from the next giant leap for humanity.NASA also is a leader in a Global Exploration Roadmap,working with international partners and the U. S. commercial space industry with human missions to the surface of Mars as the driving goal. 【小题 1】It can be learnt from the first three paragraphs that .

A.Mars is the perfect place for scientific discovery and human settlement B.astronauts’physical changes in the space station should be recorded C.NASA intends to send robotic explorers and humans to Mars in 2025 D.astronauts in the space station are testing technologies for better life on the Earth 【小题 2】The Orion Spacecraft_________. A.will send cargo to Mars B.was built to explore low-earth orbit C.needs SLS rocket to finish its mission D.will bring back samples of an asteroid 【小题 3】What can we infer from the last two paragraphs? A.the U.S.commercial space industry is a leader in exploration to Mars. B.Many protective measures are needed when exploring Mars. C.NASA is an agency that plans to explore Mars in secret. D.Curiosity rover is the first rover to be sent to Mars. 【小题 4】Which can be the best title of this passage? A.Future life on Mars C.NASA’s Journey to Mars 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】D B.Research for the Solar System D.Exploration of life Beyond Earth

【小题 3】B 【小题 4】C

小 行 星的 样本返回地球。故选 D 【小题 3】分析推断题。从文章最后两段可以看出,航天局利用机器人飞船和探测器在火星 上收集资料以做好保护上火星宇航员的准备、 工程师和科学家们也在想办法为宇航员提供适 合 的 装 备 。 可 以 推 断 出 探 索 火

考点:考 察说明文阅读 第 II 卷(非选择题 共 35 分) 注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔在答题卡上作答。在试卷上作答,答案无效。 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文填词(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格 内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确、拼写正确,并将该词完整地写在答题 卡相对应的横线上。 How do you know what is happening in the world every day? Do you watch news programmes 【小题 1】_________television? Or do you read a newspaper or listen to the radio ? There are【小题 2】 o_____ called news agencies that gather the news so that we read and hear about【小题 3】______(事件)quickly. News agencies usually have a main office in a capital city and small offices in other capital cities around the world.Many journalists are【小题 4】________(雇佣)in each office and they gather information in the country,and in other countries nearby.

News agencies try to be quick,fair and【小题 5】t______ When they gather news stories.If the news is inaccurate,it will be worthless.And people like to know about important news stories, especially【小题 6】t______ with pictures. The oldest news agency in the world is Reuters, which was 【小题 7】 _________in 1851.Their work has changed a lot,especially【小题 8】________ email and the Internet began to be used.They also provide news for people【小题 9】________on(飞行)on airplanes, so even in the air you can know what is happening many thousands of metres【小题 10】b 【答案】 【小题 1】on 【小题 2】organizations 【小题 3】events 【小题 4】hired/employed 【小题 5】true 【小题 6】those 【小题 7】founded/established 【小题 8】since 【小题 9】flying 【小题 10】below/beneath on the Earth!

【小题 4】 hired/employed 考察单词拼写。Hire、employ 都表示雇佣。这里所给意思为雇佣,并且结合 语境来看是被动语态,填 hired 和 employed 都可以。 【小题 5】true 考察单词拼写。True 表示真实的。 结合该句 News agencies try to be quick,fair and【小题 5】t______ “新机构”试着成为快速、公正、真实。这里填 true 是结合了该句中并 列的 quick、fair 词语的含义、所给首字母 t 以及新闻的特点进行判断得出的词语。新闻传播 要求实时快捷、公正评价,客观反映事情真相。故填 true

【小题 6】those 考察代词 those 表示那些。句子中的 those 代表前面说到的 important news stories。该句意思为人们想要知道重要的新故事,尤其是那些有图片的。

know what is happening many thousands of metres【小题 10】b on the Earth!于是,即使在空中你

也能知道几千米之下的地下发生了什么。 根据语境推断这里的介词是表示在下的意思的, 根 据所给首字母,故填 below/beneath 考点:考察单词拼写、固定搭配等语法知识。 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 请认真阅读下面一则寓言(fable),然后按要求用英语写一篇短文。 An ant, going to a river to drink, fell in, and was carried along in the stream. “Help! Help!” A dove(鸽子)heard the cry and threw a small branch into the river.With the help of the branch, the ant finally reached the shore.A while later,the ant saw a man take aim at the dove with an arrow. The ant stung(刺)the man sharply on his foot, causing him to miss the dove and so savedthe dove’s life. 内容要求: 1.这则寓言的寓意; 2.你相关的经历; 3.恰当的结尾。 注意: 1.短文开头已给出,不计人总 2.文中不能出现考生的具体信息; 3.词数:120 左右 The fable tells us that

【答案】 The fable tells us that one good turn deserves another,which means you should help someone who has helped you My tuition is totally free all the time because of my parents’ low incomes.A few years ago,while I was still in my junior high school,my father was seriously ill and had to go to hospital for his operation,which further worsened our already situation.My deskmate Li Qiang,having know all this,asked his parents without delay to help us pay hospital fees,by which I was touched,strongly feeling the love from them.With the entrence examination drawing near, after Li Qiang started falling behind with his English.I offered to help him with it.Happily,we were both admitted to the same key senior high school. Actually being helped is blessing.Whenever I have the ability to help others.I should always lend a hand.

was still in my junior high school,my father was seriously ill and had to go to hospital for his operation,which further worsened our already situation.当我还在初中的时候,我的父亲病重不 得不住院进行手术,这使得我们

考点:考察给材料作文


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