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2013上外杯初赛[1]..

2013上外杯初赛[1]..


2013 年“上外杯”上海市高三英语竞赛 初 赛 试 卷
考生注意: 一、本卷共 11 页,55 小题,满分 100 分。答卷时间 90 分钟。

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二、本卷所有题目为选择题,请将所选答案用 2B 铅笔点涂在答题卡上。

I. Grammar and Vocabulary Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence. (1*20) 1. She lives in _____ palace of ______ house, but she is leading _____ disaster of ____ life. A. the ... a ... the ... a B. a ... the ... a ... the C. a ... a ... a ... a ... D. the ... the ... the ... the 2. In his time, he enjoyed a reputation __________, if not greater than, Mozart?s. A. so great as B. as great C. as great as D. great as 3. ______________, I decided to become a dress designer after college graduation. A. Not wishing to continue my studies B. Wishing to continue my studies C. Having wished to continue my studies D. Not having wished to continue my studies 4. At the sight of her young daughter?s grimace, the mother _____________ and forgot why she was angry with her. A. couldn?t help laugh B. couldn?t help but laughing C. couldn?t help but laugh D. couldn?t help to laugh 5. __________ much time watching such a TV talent show—I don?t buy it that they are always trying to invite tears from the audience with touching stories . A. Seldom do I spend B. Little do I spend C. Often do I spend D. Hardly do I have spent 6. A study indicated that kindergarten children who could play in a natural environment had greater physical ability than children ______ a normal playground only. A. who used to B. used to C. to be used to D. were used to 7. One of the therapies for Web addiction is to set up online discussion boards among sufferers ______ they discuss negative experiences tied too much time on the Web. A. on which B. of which C. which D. that 8. Some critics say ______ Edward Snowden, a former CIA technician, has broken the law and exposed the information _______ is deeply classified in tracking
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学校_____________________

姓名__________________________

terrorists. A. what… / B. which … which C. that … that D. / … what 9. With obesity and stress _____________, an increasing number of marketers have introduced products that deal with them. A. are the top two problems which plague people?s health B. being the top two problems to plague people?s health C. to be the top two problems which plague people?s health D. being the top two problems plaguing people?s health 10. “How simple these questions would all have been __________ Professor Lee?s last class,” Tony grumbled. A. if I attended B. if I have attended C. if I had been attended D. had I attended 11. Kissing is not _________ as a common greeting in many Asian countries like China and Japan. A. conceived B. perceived C. received D. deceived 12. Exchanging ideas or sharing experiences on social networking websites, such as Weibo, has become _________ popular around the world, A. decreasingly B. promisingly C. overwhelmingly D. significantly 13. At the age of 21, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a neuro-muscular disease which left him almost completely _________. A. numb B. paralyzed C. amputated D. disorganized 14. If you are _______ to pollen from grasses, weeds, flowers or trees, you may get headaches and tears. A. allergic B. vulnerable C. responsive D. subject 15. Ernest Hemingway received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 “for his mastery of the art of narrative and for the influence that he has _______ on contemporary style.” A. executed B. exhibited C. exercised D. exerted 16. Thousands of _________ artifacts have been found in the tomb which was just cracked open and contained a royal family member. A. genuine B. genius C. ingenuous D. indigenous 17. For years animal testing has ________ controversy. A. encouraged B. prompted C. urged D. promoted 18. Economic development has led to the _________ of many ancient buildings, which is a tragedy. A. explosion B. combustion C. demolition D. overthrow 19. Studies show that even slightly acidic water can kill the eggs of frogs and toads or cause _________ tadpoles. A. modified B. deformed C. transformed D. obscured
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20. The small budget domestic movie, which was a huge box office success, _______ any of Hollywood?s blockbusters hitting theatres at the same time. A. duplicated B. predominated C. salvaged D. eclipsed II. Cloze Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. (2*15) Weather forecasting has been an important science throughout the ages, especially for agricultural societies that relied on rains to help grow crops. ___21___, weather played an important role in planning military campaigns. The Romans hired astrologers part of whose job was to predict the weather so military strategists knew when the ___22___ time to launch campaigns was. The penalty for ___23___ predictions was often death. Ancient civilizations devised several different ways of weather forecasting with varying degrees of scientific ___24___. The earliest known weather forecasting techniques were practiced in the Babylonian empire nearly 4,000 years ago. Priests doubled as weather forecasters. They calculated the positions of heavenly bodies and ___25___ cloud patterns. They then combined this data with myth and legend to predict what the weather would be. This form of weather forecasting is only one step away from pure astrology, but it marked the start of scientific data collection for weather prediction ___26___. Aristotle ___27___ one of the earliest documents on weather forecasting. It was written in 300 BCE and took a scientific approach to weather forecasting. ___28___ that, it was more common to attribute weather to the whims of the gods. Aristotle explored the way earth, fire, air and water ___29___ to try to explain weather patterns. His student, Theophrastus, ___30___ weather lore (知识) and ways to forecast and put it in a text called The Book of Signs. These signs included sky colors, sound, and rings and halos spotted in the sky. The Chinese developed a solar calendar that was based on weather patterns. They also developed methods of predicting the weather based on ___31__ behavior and nature observations. For example, ancient Chinese said that if they could hear a cricket ___32___ clearly at night, the next day?s weather would be pleasant. If a dragonfly is flying vertically ___33___ horizontally, it?s a sign there will be heavy rain. They predicted thunderstorms when an anthill closed. Weather prediction in Arab lands was based on wind patterns. They ___34___ four cardinal winds and associated different weather patterns with each one. The earliest ___35___ of this form of weather forecasting is in Islamic texts, but it is thought to pre-date Islam. Islamic astrolabes were developed according to wind
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theory. 21. A. However 22. A. lucky 23. A. precise 24. A. inference 25. A. observed 26. A. methods 27. A. noticed 28. A. Following 29. A. worked 30. A. explored 31. A. human 32. A. hissing 33. A. as well as 34. A. identified 35. A. evidence

B. Meanwhile B. best B. reasonable B. reliability B. reserved B. sake B. preserved B. Besides B. interacted B. collected B. normal B. chirping B. other than B. realized B. usage

C. Otherwise C. peak C. irrational C. research C. compared C. purposes C. penned C. After C. responded C. invented C. abnormal C. giggling C. rather than C. searched C. recording

D. Likewise D. wrong D. incorrect D. value D. investigated D. filing D. discovered D. Prior to D. cooperated D. accumulated D. animal D. chuckling D. more than D. proposed D. print

III. Reading Section A Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) (2*4) In the territory of Wyoming on September 6, 1870, for the first time anywhere in the United States, women went to the polls to cast their ballots. By 1870, the women?s suffrage movement had battled unsuccessfully for 30 years on the East Coast. The big surprise to everyone was that the first victory for women?s right to vote occurred in Wyoming, where there had been no public speeches, rallies, or conventions for the women?s suffrage movement. Instead, there had been just one remarkable woman: Esther Morris. Her one-woman campaign is a classic example of effective politics. She managed to persuade both rival candidates in a territorial election to promise that, if elected, they would introduce a bill for women?s suffrage. She knew that, as long as the winner kept his word, women?s suffrage would score a victory in Wyoming. The winning candidate kept his promise to Esther Morris, which led to this historic Wyoming voting event in 1870. 36. According to the article, why is it surprising that Wyoming was the first state to
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allow women to vote? A. Because few people knew about formal elections. B. Because there was a small population of women in the state. C. Because the community showed no obvious interest in the issue. D. Because the efforts on the East Coast were moving ahead quickly. 37. Which sentence from the article explains specifically how Esther Morris succeeded in providing the women of Wyoming with the right to vote? A. “The big surprise to everyone was that the first victory for women?s right to vote occurred in Wyoming, where there were no public speeches, rallies, or conventions for the women?s suffrage movement.” B. “In the territory of Wyoming in September 6, 1870, for the first time anywhere in the United States, women went to the polls to cast their ballots.” C. “She managed to persuade both rival candidates in a territorial election to promise that, if elected, they would introduce a bill for women?s suffrage.” D. “She knew that, as long as the winner kept his word, women?s suffrage would score a victory in Wyoming.” 38. Which statement below BEST illustrates the time sequence of the events in the article? A. It begins in the present and then goes back in time to explain the preceding events. B. It begins on September 6, 1870, and then goes back in time to explain the preceding events. C. It begins in 1865 and moves to September 6, 1870, and then goes back to 1865. D. It all takes place on the same day: September 6, 1870. 39. The best title for this article is _____________. A. The Right Gained Unexpectedly B. A One-Woman Campaign C. Esther Morris, A Remarkable Woman D. The Fighter for Women?s Right to Vote (B) (3*5) You Can Do Wonders Characters MR. HENLEY: art teacher BRIAN: student GINA: student SEAN: student Scene I (Monday morning, Jackson High School, MR. HENLEY’s art class is coming to an
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end.) MR. HENLEY: The project assignment due this Wednesday will be to render a small bowl of fruit, using either paint or charcoal. I will be looking, primarily, at composition for this project, so take your time arranging the bowl and fruit. Each student will display and discuss his or her work with the class. The classroom will stay open for a few hours after school, today and tomorrow, so you can work here as well as at home if you like. (Bell rings, announcing the end of class. Students get up to leave.) BRIAN: Hey, Mr. Henley, can I talk to you for a second? MR. HENLEY: Sure, what is it? SEAN: (Walking out of the class with GINA, interrupts.) Come on, Brian, it?s lunchtime. BRIAN: I?ll catch up with you in the cafeteria. I?ve got to talk to Mr. Henley for a minute. (SEAN and GINA leave.) BRIAN: (To MR. HENLEY.) I was wondering if I could do something a little different for the project ... MR. HENLEY: What do you mean? BRIAN: Well, I saw a few paintings in a book this weekend by someone named Willem de Korn ... no, de Kooning. Yeah, that?s it, de Kooning. I really liked them, the abstract ones. I?d like to try that for the project. I mean, I?ll still paint the bowl of fruit, but I want to try it in that kind of style. Is that okay? MR. HENLEY: That?s fine, but the painting should still have a sense of composition, as we discussed in class. BRIAN: (Excitedly.) Great! Thanks, Mr. Henley. (BRIAN leaves.) Scene II (In the cafeteria. BRIAN finds SEAN and GINA.) SEAN: What did you need to talk to Mr. Henley about? BRIAN: I wanted to talk to him about the project. I want to do an abstract-style painting of the fruit. GINA: (Quizzically.) Abstract fruit? SEAN: I?ve seen some of those kinds of paintings. They look like the inside of a broken kaleidoscope. I can never understand them. You can?t even tell what they are. BRIAN: Well, this weekend I saw a book of paintings by this guy Willem de Kooning. They were really interesting. GINA: Abstract fruit? ... I don?t know. SEAN: I can?t wait to see this. Scene III (At home that night. BRIAN reads quietly aloud.) BRIAN: “?I think whatever you have, you can do wonders with it, if you accept it,?
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Willem de Kooning.” (BRIAN walks over to his canvas and begins to paint a small bowl of fruit he has arranged.) Scene IV (Wednesday. Art class.) MR. HENLEY: ... Thank you, Gina. Brian, you?re next. (BRIAN walks to the front of the room and removes the cloth cover from his painting: a vibrant collage of colors and shapes.) BRIAN: I know this doesn?t look at all like a bowl of fruit, but I wanted to do something different. I?ve been looking at a lot of paintings by W illem de Kooning ... and I know this might sound a little strange, but he tries to paint what he feels like when he looks at something, like a person or a landscape or anything. His paintings are really extraordinary, so I decided to try it. I was nervous at first because I thought it might come out bad or everybody would laugh, but then I just decided to do it. I guess you could say I just decided to trust my feelings. MR. HENLEY: Very nice, Brian. I see that you were also able to maintain a good sense of composition. Thank you. Alyssa, you?re next ... (BRIAN walks back to his seat.) GINA: Do you think I would be able to do that? BRIAN: I think whatever you have, you can do wonders with it ... 40. What does Mr. Henley value when he looks at his students? work? A. Their attitude towards the assignment. B. How much time they spend on the assignment. C. Their effort made to compose. D. How much their work is liked by the classmates. 41. Which of the following does the author include to show that Brian is willing to take risks? A. ... a vibrant collage of colors and shapes. B. I know this doesn?t look at all like a bowl of fruit ... C. I?ve been looking at a lot of paintings ... D. ... I just decided to trust my feelings. 42. Willem de Kooning influences Brian by stimulating Brian?s interest in ________. A. abstract art B. charcoal drawings C. still-life paintings D. Dutch artists 43. Which of the following excerpts from the drama creates a tone of doubt? A. I really liked ... the abstract ones. B. Abstract fruit? ... I don?t know.
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C. I guess you could say I just decided to trust my feelings. D. I see that you were also able to maintain a good sense of composition. 44. What is Brian?s conflict in the drama? A. He is not sure he likes painting. B. He wants to impress his friends with his talent. C. He does not understand the assignment. D. He wants to approach the assignment in a unique way. Section B (3*5) Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable statements from A-F for each blank. A. Nor should we place limits on what the brain can hold or be afraid to exercise it strenuously. B. The Internet can be an extension of our memory and we should therefore learn how to use it properly C. Nor should we talk loosely of “facts” when we really mean interpretation, mythology or dogma. D. Teaching facts is as important in providing the building blocks of education as it ever was. E. Change, educational change, is slow indeed, whether in rules of punctuation or the acceptance of new subjects or ideas. F. Wikipedia and Google have changed what we need to commit to memory. Either consciously or by osmosis, we spend our lives continually gathering knowledge, information, “facts” which help define who we are and the waters we swim in. At school, these facts are usually delivered to us through a range of subjects, the purpose of which is to prepare us for jobs and vocations in the future. Each fact learned, each skill acquired should have a purpose and relevance and become part of our intellectual bedrock. We should not, therefore, waste our time learning facts by rote, facts that are here today and gone tomorrow, burnt up in the furnace, simply to pass exams. __45__. But the training of the mind to remember crucial pieces of information, to exercise and inform the memory of who we are is a vital part of our personal development. We often underestimate how much children can learn when they are receptive and captured by the moment, when their listening and observing is most acute. In memorizing lines of poetry or play scripts, children?s minds are spongelike. __46__. Properly engaged, the sky is the limit. In recent years, however, the explosion of the Internet has given us pause to
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re-visit the debate of skills versus knowledge and to look at what we need to commit to memory. At the same time, the body of knowledge has grown exponentially and the accumulation of this new knowledge plus new research on how children learn, has forced us to re-visit what we teach. No-one would argue about the value of learning rules of grammar, scientific formulae, tables, historical dates or lines of poetry by heart, but we would be careless indeed if we ignored the fact that there is a lot more “knowledge” to choose from and that we now have better tools by which to sort, gather and store knowledge not required for instant recall. __47__. They lead us to focus instead on honing the technical and discriminatory skills required to sort, prioritize and use the unexpurgated pools of knowledge that lie therein. That fact, above all others, should be reflected in our schools. For decades, schools have been notorious for teaching the same topics or “facts.” __48__. I recently found my late father?s History exercise book with its notes copied from some authoritative tome, but without any real explanation or analysis. Ox-bow lakes were one favourite topic that my father learned about at school, that I learned about at school and then taught to my pupils in turn. Why? Why ox-bow lakes? Why nuclear physics and not nanotechnology? How do we choose? For choose we must. That is our responsibility. __49__. The important questions, however, should always be: What specific skills and prior knowledge do our children need to make sense of this glut of information? How well equipped are they already to analyse and synthesize all of this extra information? And how do we change our teaching to achieve these very different outcomes? That is the challenge facing our schools. Section C (2*6) Directions: Read the following passages. They are followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. In recent years a new type of cigarette has begun to repopulate our restaurants, our subway trains and our movie theaters. It doesn?t burn tobacco, it doesn?t emit smoke and it lasts a lot longer than a traditional cigarette. It?s currently unregulated, but that may soon change, and experts are already debating the best approach. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) can?t currently regulate electronic cigarettes because they don?t technically contain tobacco—even though the nicotine in them is derived from tobacco—something that has angered e-cigarette opponents. “A lot of people feel like the e-cigarette manufacturers are exploiting a loophole,” said the director of Smoking Cessation Services at Columbia University
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Medical Center, Daniel Seidman. Electronic cigarettes turn nicotine and other chemicals into a vapor that?s inhaled by the user. Just one of the battery-powered devices provides as many as 300 puffs, roughly equivalent to the number of drags from an entire pack of conventional cigarettes. For all of the differences between e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes, e-cigarettes still contain nicotine, which is addictive, and it is unclear exactly how much nicotine the e-cigarette smoker inhales. However, e-cigarettes are thought to be less carcinogenic (致癌的) than regular cigarettes because they are non-combustible and do not contain tar. There are several unknowns about e-cigarettes, notably the concentration of nicotine and whether they cause cancer—though we do know they likely cause heart disease and strokes. Despite this uncertainty, the FDA recently decided to tweak their definition of a “tobacco product” to bring e-cigarettes under their jurisdiction. “The FDA intends to propose a regulation that would extend the agency?s ?tobacco product? authorities—which currently only apply to cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and smokeless tobacco,” FDA spokesperson Jennifer Haliski wrote in an email. Dr. Michael Siegel from Boston University?s School of Public Health is a firm believer in the power of e-cigarettes to help smokers quit—or at the very least to provide a less harmful alternative to cigarettes for a nicotine hit. “They?re safer because there?s no tobacco in the product, there?s also no burning, it?s just heated up,” said Siegel. But he added that, “It?s not a question of whether e-cigarettes are going to be regulated, it?s more about how they?re going be regulated.” Siegel remains worried that the wrong kind of regulation from the FDA could end up harming the e-cigarette?s potential to help smokers. Seidman suggested that there isn?t any proof of e-cigarettes successfully weaning smokers off tobacco. Of the few scientific studies published on the matter, there?s no real consensus. Many of the smokers in survey-based studies continue to smoke cigarettes even when they?ve tried to shift to e-cigarettes, said Seidman. “There?s a health concern if you end up maintaining your addiction.” The FDA declined to comment on the difficulties involved with drafting rules for a product about which there has been so little conclusive evidence. This has led to speculation about what form these new FDA enforced regulations might take, a subject on which the FDA was also predictably tightlipped. “FDA cannot comment on the contents of the proposed rule,” said Haliski. “They could say let?s apply everything we know about cigarettes to electronic cigarettes,” said Siegel.
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Then again, they could come up with an alternative framework specifically designed for e-cigarettes. Siegel said that the way FDA personnel speak of a “risk continuum” of different tobacco products leads him to be “cautiously optimistic that they won?t lump the same regulations on e-cigarettes. I think we?ll see a different set of regulations,” said Siegel. Both Siegel and Seidman agree that creating a uniform quality standard is one of the most important needs from the FDA?s impending ruling, so that consumers know that the cartridges won?t leak and that the chemicals are of a pharmaceutical grade. 50. The “loophole” mentioned in Paragraph 3 refers to the fact that ___________. A. e-cigarettes don?t technically contain tobacco B. e-cigarette don?t emit smoke C. the FDA doesn?t intend to regulate e-cigarettes D. e-cigarettes are not regarded as cigarettes by the FDA 51. How did the FDA respond to the popularity of e-cigarettes? A. It has drafted a new regulation to bring them under control. B. It is trying to redefine tobacco products to bring them under control. C. It encourages smokers to shift from traditional cigarettes to e-cigarettes. D. It embraces e-cigarettes as a tool to help smokers to quit smoking. 52. Which of the following statements are TRUE about e-cigarettes? A. It is known that they are likely to cause cancer as well. B. It is known that they are not likely to cause heart disease and strokes. C. There is no proof that they could help smokers stay away from tobacco. D. They are widely accepted as a less harmful alternative to traditional cigarettes. 53. What does Dr. Michael Siegel from Boston University worry about? A. The popularity of e-cigarettes will cause new health problems. B. E-cigarettes will drive traditional cigarette manufacturers out of business. C. The new regulation proposed by the FDA will probably cut down on e-cigarettes? benefits to smokers. D. The appearance of e-cigarettes will encourage more people to smoke. 54. What was the FDA?s attitude towards the difficulties involved in drafting the new rule for e-cigarettes? A. open-minded B. tightlipped C. optimistic D. cautious 55. Dr. Michael Siegel is cautiously optimistic about the FDA?s next move regarding e-cigarettes because ______________ A. e-cigarettes are thought to be less carcinogenic than regular cigarettes B. e-cigarettes don?t technically contain tobacco C. the FDA won?t completely ban e-cigarettes D. the FDA sees e-cigarettes as different from traditional cigarettes
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