The Million Pound Bank Note
Ⅰ. 立体记单词 快速识记
scene n. ) 1. _____( ahead adv. ) 2. ______( stare vi. ) 3. _____( fault n. ) 4. _____( spot vt. ) 5. ____( (n . ) (戏剧)一场; 现场; 场面; 景色 在前; 向前; 提前 凝视; 盯着看 过错; 缺点; 故障 发现; 认出 斑点; 污点; 地点
account vi. &vt. ) 6. _______(
(n . )
认为; 说明; 总计有
说明; 理由; 计算; 账目
seek (vt. &vi. ) 7. ____
contrary (n. ) 8. ________ (adj. ) wander (vi. ) 9. _______ novelist (n. )小说家 →_______
寻找; 探索; 寻求
反面; 对立面 相反的; 相违的 漫游; 漫步; 漂泊
novel (n. )小说; 长篇故事(adj. )新奇的; 异常的 10. _____ adventure (n. )奇遇; 冒险→___________ adventurous (adj. )冒险的 11. _________
permit (vt. &vi. )许可; 允许; 准许(n. )通行证; 许可证; 执照 12. ______ permission n. )许可 →__________(
patience n. )耐性; 忍耐→_______( patient adj. )忍耐的; 耐心的 13. ________( unbelievable adj. )难以置信的→_________( believable adj. )可信的 14. ___________( belief n. )信念; 信仰 →_____(
permits but I should ask for my ①I will come after the meeting if time _______, permission headmaster’s __________first. (permit) believable person, but on the other hand, How ②He is the most _________ unbelievable it is that he should ______ believe in the liar. (believe) ___________ patient nurse indeed, but I warn you that you’d better not ③He is a _______ patience (patient) challenge his ________.
Ⅱ. 多维练短语 查缺补漏 bring up *1. ________ go ahead 2. ________ by accident *3. __________ stare at 4. _______
抚养; 培养; 教育; 提出
前进; (用于祈使句)可以; 往下说
偶然; 无意中; 不小心
盯着看; 凝视 是??的原因; 解释 与此相反; 正相反
account for *5. __________
on the contrary 6. ______________
take a chance 7. ____________
冒险 衣衫褴褛 _________ 关于; 至于 __________ 在现场 _______ 打赌 _____
*8. in rags
*9. as for
10. on the scene
*11. make a bet *12. find fault with
吹毛求疵; 找毛病 ________________
make a bet ①Let’s __________on the football match. find fault with ②I can’t _____________the new restaurant: the food is good and the service is excellent. brought up Beijing. ③He was born in Tianjin but __________in
Ⅲ. 超级仿句式 模仿经典 1. Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. (find+宾语+宾语补足语) 【仿写】我们转过身来时发现小女孩在湖中挣扎, 大声呼救。 found the little girl struggling the lake, We turned around and __________________________in crying for help.
2. The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I
was spotted by a ship. (并列连词when引导的从句)
【仿写】他们刚完成工作, 就在这时下雨了。 had just finished when it rained. They _______________the work _____
3. It’s amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in
life, especially if you can’t have them for a while. (it作形式主语)
【仿写】掌握一门外语不是件容易的事。 It is to master foreign language. ____not an easy thing _________a 4. Well, I did hear that the Bank of England had issued two notes in this amount. (谓语动词的强调: do+动词原形, 其中do有时态和人称的 变化) 【仿写】简昨天的确提前完成了家庭作业。 did finish her homework Jane ______________________yesterday ahead of time.
5. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like.
【仿写】不管遇到什么困难都不要灰心。 whatever difficulties you meet Don’t lose heart __________________________.
Ⅳ. 功能填语篇 开放填空 The tale was set in London in 1903. Henry, an American, was
Lost (lose)in London and having no rescued in the sea by accident. 1. ____ wandering (wander)in London streets, money on him, he was 2. __________
hungry (hunger). He 4. __________(spot)by was spotted 3. _______ two rich brothers and
invited to step into a house. Henry was given an envelope with money
until two p. m. With the envelope 6. __ in in it and asked not to open it 5. _____ eating hand, Henry entered a restaurant. He ordered some food. After 7. ______ it was a million pound (eat)Henry opened the envelope and found 8. __ were shocked bank note. The owner and the waiter 9. ____________(shock). They
who couldn’t believe Henry 10. ____ was in rags could be so rich. The owner thanked Henry for his coming to his little eating place and even asked
Henry to forget the meal bill.
Ⅰ. 必考重点单词 1. scene n. (戏剧)一场; 现场; 场面; 景色 【思维激活?试一试】用适当的介词填空 on the scene. ①One of the thieves was controlled ___ 其中一个盗贼在现场就被控制了。 behind the scene. ②His father is an important man ______
on/behind the scene
the scene of the accident
③The driver fled the scene of the accident, leaving the girl bleeding on
the sidewalk. 司机逃离了事故现场, 丢下在人行道上流着血的女孩。
scene有“场景; 场面; 地点”的含义, 后接定语从句, 且关系词在
定语从句中作状语时, 一般用关系副词where或in which来引导。在定
语从句中, 用法类似的名词还有condition, situation, point, state, case
等。 ④They came on the scene, where/in which a traffic accident happened. 他们到达现场, 在那里发生了一场交通事故。
【拓展延伸】“风景”之辨 是scenery的一部分, 即一个scenery中有多个 scene; 特别强调现场, 可数名词 指一个地区总的自然景色, 不可数名词 指从某个角度(远眺、俯视)看到的景色 指某一地区值得观看的建筑物、旅游胜地、风 景等, 常用复数形式
scene scenery view sight
2. permit vt. & vi. 许可; 允许; 准许
n. 通行证; 许可证; 执照
【思维激活?试一试】 permit ___ me __ to ____ give an explanation on my being late. ①Please ______ 对于我的迟到, 请允许我给出解释。
permit sb. sth.
permit sb. to do sth.
permit doing sth. permit of
n. [U]允许; 许可
获取某人同意 / 没有获得某人许
with/without one’s permission 可 ask one’s permission
②The rules of the club do not permit smoking. 俱乐部规则规定不允许吸烟。 ③I need to call my dad and ask his permission before we go out. 我们出去之前, 我得给爸爸打个电话征得他的同意。
permit 用作不及物动词 , 可表示时间、条件、天气等“允许的
话”, 此时常用于独立主格结构 , 即“名词+现在分词”, 也可在前面
④Time permitting(=If time permits), we will go boating tomorrow. 如果时间允许, 我们明天就去划船。
【对接高考?做一做】 ⑤(2012· 全国卷Ⅰ)The party will be held in the garden, weather _______
permitting __________. 如果天气允许, 聚会将在花园里举行。
allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(√)
advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事(√)
ask sb. to do sth. 让(要求)某人做某事(√)
permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(√) forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事(√) hope sb. to do. (×) agree sb. to do(×)
3. spot vt. 发现; 认出
n. 斑点; 污点; 地点
①Unluckily a rabbit was hit by a falling branch of the tree and killed
on ___ the ____. spot ___ 不幸的是一只兔子被树上掉下的树枝砸中, 当场死亡了。
【知识构建?记一记】 (1)spot sb. doing sth. be spotted with. . . (2)on the spot 看到某人正在做某事 满是??的斑点; 点缀着 当场; 在现场; 立即
②Mary spotted the thief running away from the entrance to the
③His trousers were spotted with ink.
4. account vi. &vt. 认为; 说明; 总计有 n. 说明; 理由; 计算; 账目; 报道 【思维激活?试一试】 take into account ①Before doing the job, you’d better ____ ____ _______ your own strengths and weaknesses.
take. . . into account(=take. . . into consideration)
take account of
account for open a bank account
作出解释/说明; (数量上)占?? 开设银行账户
②The government should take account of the interests of the disabled.
③Jack couldn’t account for his absence from school.
④(2012· 上海高考)In sixth grade, adults account for only 25 percent of adolescent social networks. 在六年级, 成年人仅占青少年社会网络的百分之二十五。
5. contrary n. 反面; 对立面
adj. 相反的; 相违的
【思维激活?试一试】 On ___ the ________, contrary it fills me with strength and courage. ①___ 正好相反, 它让我充满了力量和勇气。
on the contrary
②Contrary to my expectation, he won the speech competition.
on the contrary
on the other hand
③—The job is not interesting, isn’t it?
—On the contrary, it is fascinating. I love it.
——正相反, 这份工作有意思极了, 我很喜欢。
④The job is not interesting, but on the other hand, it is well-paid. 这份工作没什么意思, 不过另一方面工资却很高。
1. fault n. 过错; 缺点; 故障
【思维激活?试一试】 finding _____ fault ____ with my work, which made me ①My boss is always _______ uncomfortable. 我老板总是挑我工作的毛病, 这使我很不舒服。
find fault in
find fault with
It’s my fault.
②I can’t find fault in your paper. It is faultless. 从你的文章里我找不到错误。它完美无瑕。 ③Don’t get angry with me; it’s not my fault! 不要对我发火, 不是我的错!
2. seek vt. &vi. (sought, sought)寻找; 探索; 寻求
seek ___ for your assistance in English-learning. ①I am writing to ____
seek to do sth.
seek one’s/a fortune 追求财富; 碰运气
②He has been seeking after wealth and power all his life.
③We’ve never sought to hide our views.
【即学即练】 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 adventure 冒险)—Challenge it bravely! 1. Life is an _________( 2. She cannot sleep at night and the pain is often so bad that she wants scream 尖叫). to _______( account 3. I’d like to check the balance(余额)in my _______(账户), please. seek 寻求)advice from your lawyer on this matter. 4. You should ____( spotted/recognized 认出)her friend in the crowd easily. 5. Mary _________________(
fault 毛病, 故障)in the electrical system. 6. There is a _____( contrary 7. “Hot”and“cold” are ________(相反的)terms.
Ⅱ. 用所给单词的适当形式填空 novel novelist (novel) 1. The popular _____was written by a world-famous _______.
unbelievable believe 2. It’s ___________! She should ______ in the existence of ghosts. (believe manner you speak. (manner) like the _______
manners 3. It’s bad ________ for you to speak in that way. In other words, I don’
staring into the distance. (stare) 4. She sat by the window, _______
patient her ________is patience 5. I must tell you that although she is very _______, limited. (patience)
1. bring up抚养; 培养; 教育; 提出; 养育; 呕吐
①Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by
her aunt. ( 养育、抚养 ) ( 教育 ) ( 提出 ) ( 呕吐 )
②We are brought up to respect others.
③These are matters that you can bring up at the meeting. ④He was so sick that he brought up everything.
2. go ahead前进(往前走); (用于祈使句)可以; 往下说(做); 行, 可以;
①The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned. ( 进行 )
②Go ahead and do what you like. ( 去吧 )
继续; 进展; 发展
go against go on
反抗; 与??相背; 违反 发生; 继续下去
③With time going by, he realized that he had made a big mistake. 随着时间的推移, 他意识到他犯了个大错误。 ④Don’t go against the law of nature, or we’ll be punished sooner or later. 不要违背自然规则, 否则我们迟早会受到惩罚的。
⑤(2014· 江西高考)—Could I use this dictionary?
go ahead It’s a spare one. —Just ________.
3. take a chance冒险; 试图做某事; 碰运气
take a chance ①I don’t think it will work, but I’ ll ____ __ ______ and try it.
(1)take a chance = take one’s chance/take chances
(2)by chance = by accident
(3)(The)chance is/(The)chances are that . . .
There is a chance that . . . (4)have a chance to do sth.
②Whether by chance or by design, it so happened that there were
almost exactly 150 people in the TV station.
③The chances are that she’s already heard the news.
【对接高考?做一做】 ④(2013· 湖北高考)An artist who was recently traveling on a ferry to the by chance long lost antique Greek vase. southern island discovered _________a 最近一个坐船到南方岛屿去旅行的艺术家偶然发现了一个丢失很久的古
4. The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I
was spotted by a ship.
第二天早晨, 我正感到绝望的时候, 一艘船发现了我。
had just rushed into the classroom when ①He ___________________________________the teacher came in. 他刚跑进教室, 这时老师进来了。
(1)had just done . . . when . . . 刚做完??这时??; when在这个结构
中为并列连词, 相当于and then或and just at that time。
be doing. . . when. . . be about to do. . . when. . . be on the point of doing. . . when. . . 正在做??这时/突然?? 正要做??这时?? 正要做??这时??
②This morning I was walking in the street when I saw that two
travelers were reading a map, looking puzzled.
③We were just about to leave when Jerry arrived. 我们刚要离开就在这时Jerry到了。 ④Tom was on the point of playing computer games when his mother entered the room. 汤姆正要玩电脑游戏, 她的妈妈走进了房间。
5. Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong
surrounded ①I found myself ___________(surround)by a group of children full of curiosity. walking ②Dick found himself _______(walk)in the direction of Mike’s house.
(1)此句中使用了“find sb. /sth. +过去分词”结构, 表示“发现??
(2)find后可接动词的现在分词作宾语补足语, 表示主动或正在进行; 也
可接形容词、名词、介词短语等作宾语补足语, 表示主动。 (3)可用于这种结构的动词还有: see, hear, watch, notice, have等。
③After wandering around, we found ourselves back at the hotel. 四处 漫步后发现我们已不知不觉回到了旅馆。 ④I often heard the poem recited. 我经常听到有人背这首诗。
1. by accident偶然; 无意中; 不小心
【思维激活?试一试】 by ________. accident ①Many bright ideas have been hit on ___ 许多好主意都是偶然想到的。
【知识构建?记一记】 (1)by chance(=by accident) by design(=on purpose) It’s no accident that. . . (2)accidentally 偶然; 意外地 故意地 ??不是偶然的 adv. 偶然地
②I don’t know whether they did it by accident or by design.
③It’s no accident that she won the first place in the speech competition.
2. as for关于; 至于
as ___ for my younger sister, she is fond of playing ①I enjoy swimming. But __
as/so long as
as a whole
as a matter of fact
as follows as well(as)
如下 也, 和??一样
②As long as you can keep away from them, you are safe.
③We must consider these matters as a whole.
3. It’s amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in
life, especially if you can’t have them for a while.
从生活中如此简单的东西之中竟能得到这么大的乐趣 , 真是令人吃惊,
It is natural that ①_______________she should refuse your invitation.
在以it作形式主语的句子中 , 真正的主语往往是动词不定式、动名词
It be +adj. /n. +(for sb. )to do sth.
It be +adj. /n. +of sb. to do sth. It be +adj. /n. +doing sth. (其中形容词/名词仅限于no use/useless, no good/fun等) It be +adj. /n. +that-clause It be +p. p. +that-clause
②It’s a great pity that he wasn’t admitted to the famous university.
③It’s no use trying to persuade him to give up smoking.
④It’s reported that the murderer was caught in a lonely village. 据报道那个杀人犯是在一个荒凉的小村庄被捉住的。
为增加试题的难度和考查的广度 , 高考对it作形式主语的考查常
在一起, 需要认真分析句子的结构, 以便确定是什么句型。
⑤It’s known to us all that China is a developing country. =China is a developing country, which is known to us all. =As is known to us all, China is a developing country. =What is known to us all is that China is a developing country. 众所周知, 中国是一个发展中国家。
【即学即练】 Ⅰ. 从方框中选择短语并用其适当形式填空
bring up, as for, in rags, go ahead, by accident, on the contrary,
a large amount of, take chances take their _______ chances in the battle. 1. The soldiers knew that they must ____ in rags as if he were an orphan. 2. The kid is always ______, A large amount of money spent on tobacco every year. 3. ______________________is
on the contrary I assure that you are very 4. You think you are clever; ______________,
by accident 1928. 5. Fleming discovered penicillin __________in
bring up 6. It was quite a hard job for her to ________several children all by
herself. As for 7. ______you, I don’t think you have to go in person. go ahead 8. You just ________and I will catch up with you later.
Ⅱ. 完成句子 It is/was thought/believed that 1. __________________________her plans for a movie career was just a daydream.
Whatever I say she always disagrees. 2. _____________, 不管我说什么, 她总是不同意。 was about to when the telephone rang. 3. John ___________walk out of the room _____ 电话铃响起时约翰正要走出房间。
by accident/chance 4. As we know, Columbus discovered America purely _________________.
众所周知, 哥伦布发现美洲纯属偶然。 have a chance to apologize she hung up on me. 5. I even didn’t _______________________:
我甚至没有机会道歉: 她挂断了我的电话。 was brought up value 6. Born into a family with three brothers, David ______________to the sense of sharing. 出生在一个四兄弟家庭, David受到了要看重与人分享的教育。
根据要求运用本单元所学知识完成下面小作文, 并背诵成文。 1. 马克· 吐温(1835—1910)生于美国Missouri。他是美国19世纪著名的 作家之一。(bring up) 2. 他的家乡在密西西比河河畔, 马克· 吐温在那里度过了他的童年。成 年后, 未经父亲同意, 他冒险在密西西比河的船上当水手。(permit; take a chance)
3. 在征求了父亲的建议后, 他决定当一名作家。这一职业使他赚了很
多钱。(seek; an amount of)
4. 他的作品被译成多种语言, 这就是全世界读者喜爱他的作品的原因。
【参考范文】 Mark Twain, one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century, was brought up in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. Mark Twain’s hometown lay on the banks of the Mississippi River, where he spent his childhood. When he grew up, he took a
chance to work as a pilot on a river boat for some time, which was not
permitted by his father at first. After seeking some useful advice from
his father, he decided to become a writer, which helped him make an
amount of money.
Mark Twain wrote a lot of novels, some of which have been
translated into many languages, which accounted for the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world.