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Module 1 unit 5学案

Module 1 unit 5学案


Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Warming-up 学案
Ⅰ.Guessing game Who is he? 1. He was the father of the Indian nation of the twentieth century. He formed an organization leading the Indian’s struggle for equal rights. He gave up a rich life for his ideas and fought for his country to be free from the UK in a peaceful way. He was a model of a different kind of political leader. 2.He was born in a peasant family in 1866. He studied medicine in China and Hongkong and practised as a doctor in Macao.He opposed the Qing government.When the Qing government fell, he became the first president of the Chinese Republic.He gave up being President in 1912 to work on his three principles:the principle of people’s rights, people’s livelihood and nationalism. 3.He was the first man to walk on the moon.He was a pilot in the American Air Force and later joined the astronaut programme. He was chosen to be the first man to walk on the moon. 4.He is one of the greatest scientists of the century in the world. He put forward the theories of relativity. His theory in physics helped the world to know more about the universe, so he was given the Nobel Prize in 1921. He proved that light does not travel in a straight line, but bends as it passes the sun. 5.She is a famous chemist and physicist and the first person to win two Nobel Prizes for her work on radioactivity and her discovery of polonium and radium. Her best qualities are persistence, determination and modesty. 6.He is the former South African president. In order to make the black people get the freedom, he fought many years and was put in prison for thirty years. He helped the black people to realize the dream of making black and white people equal. 7.He believed that Bible should be read by everyone. He translated the Bible into easily readable English for the people of his time. The priests and religious people disliked his idea and thought they would have less power, so they tried to stop him. But he did not give up. At last he was caught and put to death for his beliefs.

8.He was a Canadian who has a very strong feeling against injustice. He was a very important doctor in his own country. He came to China to support the Chinese and their army as a doctor. Unfortunately he got blood poisoning while working in China and died here. Gandhi ( ) Neil Armstrong ( )Albert Einste( ) Nelson Mandela( )william Tyndale( ) )

Norman Berthune(

) Sun Yat-sen(

)Marie Curie(

Ⅱ. Answer the following questions. 1. Who do you admire greatly? Why? 2. What are the qualities you should find in a great person? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. What qualities do you have? ____________________________________________________________________________ Ⅲ.Listening.(page 69) 1.Read the statements below and then listen to the whole text. Decide whether they are true or false. Correct the wrong information. 1. William Tyndale wrote the first Bible. 2. He was born in the fifth century. 3. Many years ago the bible was written in the Greek and Hebrew languages. 4. William Tyndale later moved to Belgium to complete his work. 5. Everybody in Europe loved the bible written by William Tyndale. 2. Listen to part 1 again and complete the passage. William Tyndale was born in______in the_____century. He lived from_______to ________. He was only _______years old when he died. At that time the bible was not written in ______, so most people in _______couldn’t read it at all. So William Tyndale wrote the first_____. People still use his ____and _______ today. 3. Listen to Part 2 again and answer these questions. 1. 2. 3. Why was the king not happy with William Tyndale? What happened to him after he was found in Belgium? What do people think of his work now? 2.Preview the reading and find the difficult sentences. ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) )

Homework: 1.Review the words of unit 5.

Answers 1. Gandhi ( 1 ) Neil Armstrong Norman Berthune (8 ( 3 ) Albert Einstein ( 4 ) ) Marie Curie Nelson Mandela ( 6 ) ( 7 )

) Sun Yat-sen (2

( 5 ) William Tyndale

2. What are the qualities you should find in a great person? Brave hard-working active determined reliable honest generous wise devoted

selfless warm-hearted

Intelligent, diligent, Do public service work without pay,

confident, energetic, passionate(热情的,激昂的), Make great contributions to mankind, Get on well with others, Never lose heart, Be active in society activities, Do public service work without pay 3. What qualities do you have? A great person is a person who has followed his or her ideas and sacrificed something so that they could be realized. Ⅲ.Listening 2. Read the statements below and then listen to the whole text. Decide whether they are true or false. Correct the wrong information. 3,4(T)

3. Listen to part 1 again and complete the passage. William Tyndale was born in_London_ in the_fifteenth__century. He lived from_1494_to_1536_. He was only _42_ years old when he died. At that time the bible was not written in __English_, so most people in_Britain_couldn’t read it at all. So William Tyndale wrote the first Englis Bible. People still use his words and expressions_today. 4. Listen to Part 2 again and answer these questions. 1. Why was the king not happy with William Tyndale? The king was not happy because he did not want the people to read the Bible in English. (He wanted to have power over what people thought about Christianity. He knew that when people read the Mobile for themselves they could decide for themselves. He was right because once people did read translated Bible, they started arguing with the traditional way of understanding it.) 2. What happened to him after he was found in Belgium? He was put in prison and later killed. 3. What do people think of his work now? They love his work very much. His bible is still the most popular and his words are still used today.

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Reading 学案
Ⅰ.Find the expressions on the right that mean the same as the left. 1 equal 2 fee 3 vote 4 guidance 5 violence a. money paid for going to school b. the same in size, number, value, rank, etc. c. rough treatment; use of physical force on others d. not have a job e. an act of making a choice on a matter by means of voting

6 out of work f. help and advice given to someone Ⅱ.Fast reading 1.True or False questions. ( ( ( ( ( ( ) (1)Elias met Nelson Mandela at school. ) (2)Nelson Mandela was a black lawyer. ) (3)Elias was unable to read or write because he was lazy. ) (4)Nelson Mandela helped him keep his job. ) (5)Elias was happy blowing up government buildings. ) (6)Nelson Mandela believed that black people were being treated as well as white people in South Africa. ( ( ) (7) Nelson Mandela thought violence was a good way to help black people. ) (8) The government was happy with Nelson Mandela and the ANC.

2. Read again and find how many parts can the text be divided into? Give the general idea of each part. (3 minutes) part 1 2 … 3. Detailed reading. Answer the following questions. Paragraph Main idea

(1). Why did Elias support Nelson Mandela? ____________________________________________________________________________

(2). what problems did the black people like Elias have? ____________________________________________________________________________ (3). Why did he support violence when he did not agree with it? ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. Find out all the attributive clauses in Reading,and underline them using your pen. 5. Retell the passage with the help of the following hints: Elias black worker South Africa little education difficulties at the age of 12 Mandela with sb’s help moved kindness Elias’ time life for the blacks hard choose rights unequally

ANC Youth League equal rights join

peaceful way law not allow violence with violence dream

Answers : BAEFCD
Ⅱ.Fast reading 1.True or False questions. (2,4, 5 TRUE)

2. Read again and find how many parts can the text be divided into? Give the general idea of each part. (3 minutes) part 1 2 Paragraph Paragraph 1-2 Paragraph 3-5 Main idea The life of Elias’ life before he met Nelson Mandela. The change of Elias’ life after he met Nelson Mandela and what Mandela did 3. Detailed reading. Answer the following questions.

(1). Why did Elias support Nelson Mandela? Because Nelson Mandela used to help him in Johannesburg. And Elias joined the ANC Youth League which was organized by Nelson Mandela. (2). What problems did the black people like Elias have? Black people had no vote and could not choose who ruled them. The parts of town where they lived were places decided by white people. They could not get jobs they wanted. The places they were the poorest areas in South Africa. No one could grow food there. (3). Why did he support violence when he did not agree with it? Because he wanted to realize their dream of making black and white people equal. 5. Elias was a black worker in South Africa. He just received little education when he was young. and

So he had some difficulties in his work. When he was at the age of 12, he met Mandela solved his problems with his help. He was greatly moved by his kindness.

During Elias’ time, life for the blacks was hard. They had no rights to choose and were treated unequally. So when Mandela organized the ANC Youth League to fight for the equal rights of the blacks, Elias joined it as soon as he could. At first they tried some peaceful way to break the law but it was not allowed. As a result, they had to answer violence with violence to realize their dream of making black and white people equal.

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Language points 学案
1. quality n. 质量( 不可数 ) (人的)品质;特性( 可数 ) The products of their factory are all of good quality and so the supply fails to meet the demand every year. One quality of this plastic is that it is almost unbreakable . ※quantity 量 a large /small quantity of , large /great quantities of

(以上两词组后加可数名词复数和不可数名词都可以,谓语动词取决于 quantity 的形式) Quantities of water A large quantity of water Quantities of books in the glass. in the glass. on the desk.

2. mean

adj.吝啬的 , 自私的,卑鄙的 对某人吝啬,自私,卑鄙 某人做---真卑鄙 对---很吝啬

be mean to sb

It is mean of sb to do sth be mean with/over/about sth eg. He It He ※means n. 手段,方法

everyone. 他对每个人都很吝啬。 you to tease her. 你嘲笑她真是太卑鄙了。 money .他对钱很吝啬。

mean vt. 意指, 意味着,意思是 mean to do sth .打算 3. active adj

meaning n. 意思,意义,

mean doing sth . 意味着 actively inactively activity

积极的,活跃的

be active in

在----方面很积极活跃 积极参加---sports.他在运动方面很积极。 physical labor.她积极参加劳动。 慷慨的 大方的 be generous with 对----慷慨,大方

take an active part in eg. He She used to 4 generous adj

be generous to do sth

做某事很慷慨,大方,

eg.

Your uncle He

buy that car for you.你叔叔给你买汽车真是太大方了。 his money.他对钱很大方。

5. devote

vt 奉献(人生,时间,劳力等)于--, 把---致力 于,专用于

devote+名 +to 名 eg.He

promoting world peace.他一生致力于发展世界和平。 of world peace. be devoted to 对---忠实,对---深爱 她深爱着她的丈夫。

He devoted his life to the devoted adj 忠实的,深爱的

一个忠实的朋友 6.die for 为----而死 (口语)渴望,很想

be dying for

他很想喝点什么。 be dying to do 很想做,渴望做

她很想见你。 7.fight for fight against fight with 为事业,自由,权利,真理而战 为反对---而斗争;与---搏斗/对抗 a. 与----并肩作战 b. fight against

They are fighting for liberation. They fought with the Italians in the last war and against them in this. They fought___________________the enemy fiercely. He fought ________________ cancer and lived to be eighty. The soldiers fought bravely _______ the enemy ___ the liberation ____ their comrades. 8 free from free------from 摆脱(不好的东西)的;无------的 使------摆脱,免除

a sentence free from mistakes They freed the birds from the cages. 9.put sb. in (into) prison 把……关进监狱 throw sb. into prison= send /take sb. to prison prison 表示蹲监狱时, 其前不用冠词 be sent to prison (被送进监狱)

be in prison

(被监禁)

be thrown into prison (被投入监狱) break prison He The man Anyone who breaks the law should They all went to (越狱) for 20 years . 他在监狱里呆了 20 年。 for stealing a car. 这个男人因偷车而被投入监狱。 .任何违反法律的人都要被投入监狱

to visit the prisoners. 他们去监狱看犯人。

类似: bed, church, class, college, hospital, school, university, market 10. be out of work= lose one’s job = be unemployed 失业, 没有工作 His mother has been out of work for half a year. in work 有工作 Is her husband in work?

※out of 意为“在…之外”,“向…外”;表示失去,没有,用完;不再处于某种状况。反义词为 into 或 in。翻译 The little boy ran out of the room. He took my books out of my schoolbag. Don’t run into the room. Can you put your raincoat in your pocket? 类似短语 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of petrol 汽油用完了 out of order 出故障了 out of patience 不耐烦 out of use 没用了

out of control 失控了 out of sight 看不见了

out of danger 脱离危险了 out of fashion 不时兴

out of date 过时 out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦

out of repair 无法修葺

11. The last 30 years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 过去三十年里出现了最多的法律来剥夺我们的权利 , 阻挡我们的进步,直到今天我们已经 到了几乎没有任何权力的地步. see 在此句意为“见证,目睹”;(在某段时期)发生(某情况),经历,经受; 为某事发生之时, 主语为时间

The last few months

more and more traffic accidents.上几个月目睹了越来越多的交通事故

这个城市见证了许多变化。 12.only+副词介词短语状语从句置于句首,主句用部分倒装形式(即把主句的情态动词,系动 词或助动词提到主语前面) Only 性。 Only Only Only by 语。 Only did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise to him. can you solve the problem.只有用这种方法你才能解决问题。 , did the students stop shouting.只有当老师进来学生才停止讲话 will you be able to master English.只有通过每天练习几小时你才能掌握英 did I realize the importance of learning English.直到那时我才意识到学英语的重要

只有昨天他爸爸才告诉他真相,使他很惊奇 注意(1)如果句子为主从复合句,则主句部分倒装,从句不倒装。 (2)only 修饰主语时,不用倒装。 Only her mother can help her to solve the problem. 13. equal adj be equal to 相等的,平等的,胜任的 fight for equal rights 与-----相等; 胜任

Tom is equal to John in height. He was equal to the work. He felt equal to carrying out the plan.

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Language points 学案

Answers: 1. quality n. 质量( 不可数 ) (人的)品质;特性( 可数 )

The products of their factory are all of good quality and so the supply fails to meet the demand every year. One quality of this plastic is that it is almost unbreakable . ※quantity 量 a large /small quantity of large /great quantities of (以上两词组后加可数名词复数和不可数名词都可以,谓语动词取决于 quantity 的形式) Quantities of water are in the glass. A large quantity of water is in the glass. Quantities of books are on the desk. A quantity of books is on the desk. 2. mean adj.吝啬的 , 自私的,卑鄙的 对某人吝啬,自私,卑鄙 某人做---真卑鄙 对---很吝啬

be mean to sb

It is mean of sb to do sth be mean with/over/about sth eg. He is mean to everyone.

It is mean of you to tease her. He is mean about money . ※means n. 手段,方法 mean vt. 意指, 意味着,意思是 mean to do sth .打算 3. active adj meaning n. 意思,意义,含义

mean doing sth . 意味着 actively inactively activity

积极的,活跃的

be active in

在----方面很积极活跃 积极参加----

take an active part in

eg.

He is active in sports. She used to take an active part in physical labor.

4 generous

adj

慷慨的

大方的

be generous to do sth be generous with eg.

做某事很慷慨,大方

对----慷慨,大方

Your uncle is very generous to buy that car for you. He is generous with his money.

5. devote

vt 奉献(人生,时间,劳力等)于--, 把---致力 于,专用于

devote+名 +to 名

eg.He devoted his life to promoting world peace. He devoted his life to the promotion of world peace. devoted adj 忠实的,深爱的 对---忠实,对---深爱

be devoted to a devoted friend

She is devoted to her husband. 6.die for 为----而死 (口语)渴望,很想

be dying for

He was dying for a drink. be dying to do 很想做,渴望做

She is dying to see you. be dying to go abroad 7.fight for fight against fight with 为事业,自由,权利,真理而战 为反对---而斗争;与---搏斗/对抗 a. 与----并肩作战 b. fight against

They are fighting for liberation. They fought with the Italians in the last war and against them in this. They fought___________________the enemy fiercely. He fought ________________ cancer and lived to be eighty. The soldiers fought bravely _______ the enemy ___ the liberation ____ their comrades.

8 free from free------from

摆脱(不好的东西)的;无------的 使------摆脱,免除

a sentence free from mistakes They freed the birds from the cages. 9.put sb. in (into) prison 把……关进监狱 throw sb. into prison= send /take sb. to prison prison 表示蹲监狱时, 其前不用冠词 be sent to prison be in prison (被送进监狱) (被监禁)

be thrown into prison (被投入监狱) break prison He has been in prison for 20 years . The man was put in prison for stealing a car. Anyone who breaks the law should be thrown into prison. They all went to the prison to visit the prisoners. 类似: bed, church, class, college, hospital, school, university, market 10. be out of work= lose one’s job = be unemployed 失业, 没有工作 His mother has been out of work for half a year. in work 有工作 Is her husband in work? (越狱)

※out of 意为“在…之外”,“向…外”;表示失去,没有,用完;不再处于某种状况。反义词为 into 或 in。 翻译 The little boy ran out of the room. He took my books out of my schoolbag. Don’t run into the room. Can you put your raincoat in your pocket? 类似短语 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of petrol 汽油用完了 out of patience 不耐烦 out of use 没用了

out of order

出故障了

out of control 失控了 out of sight 看不见了

out of danger 脱离危险了 out of fashion 不时兴

out of date 过时 out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦

out of repair 无法修葺

11. The last 30 years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 过去三十年里出现了最多的法律来剥夺我们的权利 , 阻挡我们的进步,直到今天我们已经 到了几乎没有任何权力的地步. see 在此句意为“见证,目睹”;(在某段时期)发生(某情况),经历,经受; 为某事发生之时, 主语为时间 The last few months has seen more and more traffic accidents. The city has seen many changes. ※某些动词(see, find, witness 等)主语有时不是人而是物, 即拟人用法, 使句子生动。 1) Dusk (黄昏) found a boy crying in the street.

2) Oct 1,1949, saw/ witnessed the foundation of the People’s Republic of China. 12.only+副词介词短语状语从句置于句首,主句用部分倒装形式(即把主句的情态动词,系动 词或助动词提到主语前面) Only then did I realize the importance of learning English. Only in this way can you solve the problem. Only when the teacher came in, did the students stop shouting. Only by practising a few hours every day will you be able to master English. Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise to him. 注意(1)如果句子为主从复合句,则主句部分倒装,从句不倒装。 (2)only 修饰主语时,不用倒装。 Only her mother can help her to solve the problem. 13 equal adj 相等的,平等的,胜任的

fight for equal rights be equal to 与-----相等; 胜任

Tom is equal to John in height. He was equal to the work.

He felt equal to carrying out the plan.

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Grammar 学案
关系副词 where,when,why 的用法 Where 的用法 Join the two sentences: 1. This is the factory. I worked in the factory ten years ago. 2. 3. The school is near a park. My son studies in this school.

4. We visited the house. Lusun once lived in the house.

Attention:where 引导的定语从句修饰表示地点的名词, 并在定语从句中作地点状语 , 相当于 “介词+ 关系代词(which)”。 This is the house where I lived two years ago. in which (=in the house) Harvard is a world-famous university. There Wang An got his Doctor’s degree Harvard is a world-famous university where Wang An got his Doctor degree. Attention:The place ________we visited yesterday is a school for disabled children. When 的用法 Join the two sentences: 1.They’ll never forget July 1. Hong Kong returned to its motherland on July 1.

2.The days are gone forever. We used foreign oil during those days.

3.There was a time. The businessman lost heart at that time.

Attention:when 引导的定语从句修饰表示时间的名词,并在定语从句中作时间状语,相当于“介 词+关系代词(which)” I’ll never forget the day when I joined the league. on which(=on the day) We still remembered the days when we travelled together. in which(=in the days) The time _____ I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. Why 的用法 There are many reasons why people like traveling. for the reasons =why Attention:why 引导的定语从句修饰表示原因的名词(reason,cause),并在定语从句中作原因状 语,相当于“for+关系代词(which)” Attention:This is the reason ________ (= for which) I didn’t come here. The reason __________ she gave was not true. Summary: “when” means “at that time”, “where” means “at that place”, “why” is used after the word “reason”. 时间 when = in / at / on / during which 地点 where = at/in/on which 原因 why = for which Exercise: 一.Choose the best answer: 1.The weather turned out to be very good, ____ was more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it 2.After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town ____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 3.The house ______ we live is not large. A. which B. in which C. on which D. at which 4.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _____ was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 5.He lived in London for 3 months, during ____ time he learned some English. A. this B. which C. at which D. some 6.I will never forget the day _____ he came to see me. A. that B. which C. at which D. when 7.The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A that B. where C. which D. there 8.The students ____ department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. A. in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 9. I don’t like _____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which 10. I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. _______ I got wet through .

A. It’s the reason B. That’s why C. There’s why D. It’s how 二、用正确的关系词填空 1. This was a time ________ there were still slaves in the USA. 2. Who __________ has common sense will do such a thing? 3. A child _________ parents are dead is called an orphan. 4. He has lost the key to the drawer ________ the papers are kept. 5. ________ is expected,the England team won the football match. 6. He often helps the students ________ he thinks are not quick at their studies. 7.This is just the place __________ I am going to pay a visit these years. 8. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou,________ live my grandparents and some relatives. 9. Do you know the reason ________ he cried? 10. He was the only person in this country ________ was invited. 二、翻译下列句子 1.毕业以后,他回到那个他长大的小镇上。 ________________________________________________________________________ 2.我们正生活在一个许多事情都能在计算机上完成的年代。 ________________________________________________________________________ 3.这就是他为什么一直保持沉默的原因。 ________________________________________________________________________ 4.我不喜欢你跟你父母讲话的方式。 ________________________________________________________________________ 5.那间在大火中被毁坏的屋子已经被重新修好了。 ________________________________________________________________________ 三、语法填空 When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets 1.________the traffic drives on the left.Before you cross a street you must look to the right first 2.________then the left.In the morning and in the evening 3.________people go to or come from work,the streets are very busy.Traffic is most 4.________(danger)then. When you go by bus in England,you have to be careful, 5.________.Always remember the traffic moves on the left, 6.________pedestrians also walk.Have a look first, 7.________won't make you go the wrong way. In many English cities,there are big buses 8.________have two floors.You can sit on the 9. ________(two)floor, 10.________you can see the city very well.It's very interesting.

Answers 关系副词 where,when,why 的用法 Where 的用法 Join the two sentences: 1.This is the factory. I worked in the factory ten years ago. This is the factory where I worked ten years ago. 2.The school is near a park. My son studies in this school. The school where my studies is near a park 3.We visited the house. Lusun once lived in the house. We visited the house where Lusun once lived. Attention:where 引导的定语从句修饰表示地点的名词 , 并在定语从句中作地点状语 , 相当于 “介词+ 关系代词(which)”。 This is the house where I lived two years ago. in which (=in the house) Harvard is a world-famous university. There Wang An got his Doctor’s degree Harvard is a world-famous university where Wang An got his Doctor degree. Attention:The place ________we visited yesterday is a school for disabled children. When 的用法 Join the two sentences: 1.They’ll never forget July 1. Hong Kong returned to its motherland on July 1. They’ll never forget July 1 when Hong Kong returned to its motherland. 2.The days are gone forever. We used foreign oil during those days. The days when we used foreign oil are gone forever 3.There was a time. The businessman lost heart at that time. There was a time when the businessman lost heart. Attention:when 引导的定语从句修饰表示时间的名词,并在定语从句中作时间状语,相当于“介 词+关系代词(which)” I’ll never forget the day when I joined the league. on which(=on the day) We still remembered the days when we travelled together. in which(=in the days) The time _____ I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. Why 的用法 There are many reasons why people like traveling. for the reasons =why Attention:why 引导的定语从句修饰表示原因的名词(reason,cause),并在定语从句中作原因状

语,相当于“for+关系代词(which)” Attention:This is the reason ________ (= for which) I didn’t come here. The reason __________ she gave was not true. Summary: when” means “at that time”, “where” means “at that place”, “why” is used after the word “reason”. 时间 when = in / at / on / during which 地点 where = at/in/on which 原因 why = for which Exercise1:BBBBB,DBCAB 二、用正确的关系词填空 1.when/in which 2. that 3. whose 4. where/in which 5.As 6. who 7.where/to which 8. where/in which 9. why/for which 10. who/that 二、翻译下列句子 1.答案:After graduation he returned to the small town where he grew up. 2.答案:We are living in an age when many things can be done on computers. 3.答案:This is the reason why he kept silent all the time. 4.答案:I don't like the way (that)/(in which) you speak to your parents. 5.答案:The house which was destroyed in the terrible fire has been repaired. 三、 1.解析:because 引导状语从句,说明你必须小心的理由。 答案:because 2.解析:and 连接两个并列动作。 答案:and 3.解析:when 引导定语从句。 答案:when 4.答案:dangerous 5.答案:too 6.解析:where 引导定语从句,在定语从句中作状语。 答案:where 7.解析:which 引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整个主句的内容。 答案:which 8.解析:关系代词引导定语从句。 答案:which/that 9.解析:the 后需跟序数词,所以用 second。

答案:second 10.解析:where 引导非限制性定语从句。 答案:where

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Using language 学案
StepⅠ. Listening 1.Discuss the question in pairs before listening:What things do you think were unfair in South Africa? 2.Listen to the tape and write down the main idea.

3.Listen again and compare the life and work of white and black people at that time .Fill in the chart below. Differences The jobs they did Where the workers lived How much land they owned Their hospitals and schools 4.Discuss these questions in pairs. Q1.Do you think Elias was right to join the ANC Youth League? Q2.Imagine you are Elias.What would you do?why? stepⅡ.Reading and discussing 1. fast reading :true or false 1. Elias was put in the same prison in which Mandela had been. 2. Elias could learn from Mandela and got a degree in prison. 3. After leaving prison,Elias got a job working in an office because he was well White people Black people

educated. 4. Elias lost his job because he didn’t tell the truth about him to the boss. 5. With the help of Mandela,Elias got a job to show tourists a visit to prisons on Roben Island. 6. Elias felt proud because he had done much for the new South Africa government. 2.careful reading Elias’life in prison Elias had his hardest time in the prison Which no one But Mandela began to teach him and

knowledge.He read books under the made

to see words.he felt good about himself.

Elias’life of prison

Since he was better family had to

,he got a job but soon lost.His for food and help from or

Friends,when Mandela came to

in 1994,he got a job

taking tourists around his old prison.All his working for equal rights for the Blacks was happy StepⅢ.some key words and phrases 1.It was a prison from which no one escaped. [寓词于境] 阅读下列句子,注意 escape 的意思和搭配。 1. Anyone who was able to escape from the burning building was lucky enough. 2. The gas is escaping from a small hole in the pipe. .Finally,he felt

3. She escaped death by inches when the accident happened. 4. She had a narrow escape in the accident. 5. As soon as he turned his back, she would make her escape. [用法归纳] escape 既可作动词,也可作名词,意为“逃脱、逃走、泄露” ,常与 from 连用。narrow escape 死里逃生;make one’s escape 逃跑。 [即学即用] 根据括号内的提示完成句子。 1. The teacher didn’t find out the truth, so Tom ______ (逃脱了惩罚). 2. ______ (逃避现实) is not the way of solving problems. 3. He was one of the nine men who ______ (从监狱逃跑) in July. 4. The thief jumped into a car and ______ (逃跑了). 2.They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks. [寓词于境] 阅读下列句子,注意 reward 的意思和搭配。 1. He was given a medal as a reward for her services. 2. She offered a reward of 20,000 yuan for information about her lost son. 3. I shall reward him for his services. 4. He rewarded the excellent worker with a prize. [自我归纳] reward 作______词(句 1、句 2) ,as a reward for 意为“作为?? 的奖赏” ;reward 作______词(句 3、句 4) ,常用结构:______意为“因??酬 谢某人” ,reward sb. with sth.意为“用??酬谢某人” 。 [即学即练] 根据括号内的提示完成句子。 1. The young girl was offered a free trip to Hainan ______ (作为奖赏) her

great achievement. 2. I wonder how you will ______ (酬谢他) his help. 3.I did not work again for twenty years until Mr Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1994 Come to power 当权,上台(表示动作) Eg.After Be in power 当权(表示状态)

for ten years,he will still continue with his duty. C.taking office D.coming into power

A.being in power B.coming to power

4.He set up law office to help poor black people in johannesbueg. Set up 设立,建立 set down 写下,记下 set about 开始做 set off 出发,动身;使爆炸;引

set aside 把??放在一边,省出,留出 起,激发

set out 出发,动身;摆放,陈列;开始,着手 StepⅣ.Exercises I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字母或汉语提示,写出所缺单词的正确形 式。 1. It is unfair that he gets very little _____ (报酬) for his hard work. 2. The ground was covered by a thick _____ (毯子) of snow. 3. To hit a weaker person is a sign of _____ (残忍). 4. He was invited to become p_____ of the local camera club. 5. Ann froze with t_____ as the door opened silently at midnight. II. 根据汉语提示,将下列句子补充完整。 1. To my surprise, David managed to ______________ (从那场大火里逃出来).

2. On hearing that he’d got cancer, Tom felt as if ______________(他 已经被判了死刑). 3. It is reported that the new president ___________(开始执政) last month. 4. I think you should _______________(树立一个好榜样) to your brothers. 5. You _______________ (本应该把此事报告给警察) but now it’s too late. 6. Why not _________(阻止他们污染河流)? We suffer from pollution too much. 7. Every day they went to the road nearby and __________(站在那儿乞讨). 8. You are kind and _______________(做你的朋友我感到骄傲). III. 根据汉语提示,完成下面对话。 Teacher: Jim, after learning about Nelson Mandela — a modern hero, 1. _______________ (你怎样评价纳尔逊·曼德拉)? Student: 2. _______________ (在我看来), he is a great man. Teacher: For what quality do you respect him most? Student: He is brave, determined, ambitious (有雄心的) and hardworking. He 3. _______________ (把自己的一生投入到为黑人争取平等权利上). Teacher: 4. ______________(在这一点上我同意你的看法), and anything else? Student: In my mind, he is a freedom fighter and a modern hero. Although he was in prison for many years, he didn’t give in. Teacher: Are you going to become a great person like Nelson Mandela? Student: Of course. But now, I should “fight” for my study. 5. ________(只 有当我受到较好的教育之后), can I achieve my dream in the future. Teacher: Well done! Thank you.

Answers: stepⅡ.1.T F T T T T 2. from,escaped,blankets,candles,out,educated,beg,relatives,power, rewarded StepⅢ.1.逃离 2.泄露 3.逃脱 4.九死一生 5.逃跑
[即学即用] 1. escaped punishment / being punished 3. escaped from the prison 2.reward [自我归纳] 名;动;reward sb. for sth. [即学即练] 1. as a reward for 2. reward him for 3.A EXERCISES I. 1. reward 2. blanket 3. cruelty 4. president 5. terror 2. Escaping (from) reality

4. made his / her escape

II. 1. escape from that big fire 2. he had been sentenced to death 3. came to power 4. set a good example 5. should have reported it to the police 6. stop them from polluting the river 7. stood there begging 8. I’m proud to be your friend III. 1. what do you think of Nelson Mandela 2. In my opinion 3. devoted his life to fighting for equal rights for the Blacks 4. I’m with you on this 5. Only when I am better educated

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela Speaking and Writing 学案
StepⅠ.Read the passage carefully and make notes about what happened to Elias in prison. Good things Mandela started a school in the prison. Bad things He was beaten

StepⅡ.Now discuss the questions in pairs.Compare your ideas with another pair 1.What would you have done if you were Elias? 2.How do you think his wife and family felt when he was in prison? StepⅢ.speaking and writing 1.Look at the life of Nelson Mandela and find out what happened to him in 1999.In pairs discuss what qualities make Mandela a great man 1999 2.Use the timeline on page 39 to write a summary of Nelson Mandela ’s life or a short paragraph about your ideas on Nelson Mandela

StepⅣ.writing : make a biography about Albert Einstein 姓名:Albert Einstain 出生年月:1879 年 3 月 去世年月:1955 年 4 月
出生地:德国 家庭背景:工人

简历:17 岁,在瑞士(Switzerland)读大学,主修物理,1905 年获得博士学位。 主要事迹:经过多年的刻苦专研,取得了很多成就(achievements) ;提出了相对论(The Theory of Relativity)以及获得诺贝尔物理学奖。 由于政治原因,1939 年举家离开欧洲到美国;受聘为普林斯顿大学(Princeton University)终身教授。 评价:对世界科学界作出了巨大贡献;20 世纪最伟大的科学家之一。 思路点拨:1.主体时态:一般过去时;主体人称:第三人称 3. 写人物介绍的典型段落通常有三部分 (1)主题段落,主要是用来揭示本段的中心思想 (2)发展段落,它们都起着支持、发展主题段落的作用,发展段落与主题段落之间应保 持密切、有机的内在联系。 (3)结束段落,通常概括整片文章。


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