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Fresh Start

Fresh Start

By the end of this unit, you are supposed to

? grasp the author‘s purpose of writing and make clear the structure of the whole passage through an intensive reading of Text 1 Fresh Start. ? comprehend the topic sentences in Text 1 thoroughly and be able to paraphrase them. ? get a list of new words and structures and use them freely in conversation and writing. ? be aware of the cross-cultural differences of a freshman‘s experience in college.

Unit 1

Fresh start

Fresh Start
--Evelyn Herald

How well have you been acquainted with your university?

Which is your favorite place/ the most frequently visited place on campus? Why? Would you tell us a typical day of your campus life?


Walk around our campus

NO.# Teaching Building 教学楼: 行政楼: Administration Building 实验楼: Laboratory Building Library 图书馆: 学生活动中心: Students’ Campaign Center 宿舍: Dormitory Canteen 餐厅: Clinic 诊所: 体育馆: Gymnasium 游泳池: Natatorium [?ne?t?'t??r??m] indoors swimming p 礼堂: Auditorium

Question and Answer: Ask 2 or 3 students to answer some of the following questions. your favorite place on campus B. Which is and why? the place you most frequently visited the place you spend most of your time


1. I like the student canteen best because the food there is delicious! 2. I spend a long time in dormitory for you know sleep takes at least 8 hours a day.

Useful Words and Expressions: Computer Center, Administration Building, Stadium, Student Activities Center,Library, Auditorium

B. Group Work: divide the students into groups of 4 and ask them to have a discussion about the following question.

B. Can you tell us a typical day of your campus life?
Hints: Where Who do you usually go in the morning/ afternoon/ evening? do you meet there?

do you usually do there? What Useful Expressions: Computer Center/ Stadium/ Student Generally speaking/ work on…/ Activities assignment/ stay with somebody./ Center/Library attend class/ devote some time to…/ Auditorium/ be kept busy/ in my spare time…/ No.#Teaching everyday routine Building/ Canteen/ Dorm

2. Freshmen versus Seniors
Walking across campus, it's easy to pick out a freshman from a senior. No offense, freshmen, but you kind of stick out like sore thumbs …



Let’s have a mini test to see whether you are from a freshman to a senior!

Are you an activate participants of various student associations on campus?



Do you always count days to go home only become homesick occasionally

Do you

know which canteen sells best pork

always find the canteen dishes awful

Do you

prefer to sit in the front rows of the classroom

would rather sit at the back

You read syllabus carefully in order to

find out what classes you can cut

find out what classes you need to attend

Do you memorize the course materials to get a good grade memorize the professor‘s habits to get a good grade

If you see a dead fly in your dinner, what would you do?
pour the dish and feel sick for the whole evening

take the fly out and go on to eat

Just Kidding
University is full of knowledge; the freshmen bring a little in and the seniors take none away, and knowledge accumulates

How much do you know about GDCC?
? If life were a piece of colorful drawing, college life would be one of the brightest colors. ? If life were a meaningful poem, college life would be one of the most beautiful words. ? College life is an especially important period of time.

? Try to introduce our college/ campus.

Useful expressions

? ...located in...., ? ... founded in... ? is an institution of higher learning that offers multiple disciplines of law, ..... ? While highlighting business management, the university is also fairy strong in the discipline of foreign language studies/ law, finance and tax business management. ? a teaching and research oriented university ? The university‘s three campuses, Guangzhou Campus, Sanshui Campus and Zengchen Campus, occupy a combined land area of *** mu with a building area of *** square meters.

? The university has a current enrollment of more than *** fulltime undergraduates and postgraduates and a staff of ***. ? It boasts valued over the teaching and research equipment *** yuan, and book collection of *** volumes. ? The good teaching and research facilities prepare the university for continued improvement in education standard.

? Over the years, the university has adhered to the right education orientations. ? It resorts to reform and looks to future development through coordinated improvement in scale, structure, quality and effectiveness. ? It devotes itself to fostering crossdisciplinary talents good with innovative spirit and practical skills. ? As a result, it is widely recognized for its good education standard. ? Also, the university is among the top few universities in Guangdong in terms of successful employment rate and postgraduate program admission rate of graduates.

? At present, the university is at its prime time of development. ? The staff and students, with concerted effort, shall carry forward the tradition of working hard in an effort to create a distinct and domestically noted university that combines teaching and research undertakings. ? Sometimes, I‘d like to walk around the campus in *** Road after supper. ? You can enjoy the peace and beauty there, especially in autumn, when the air is heavy with fragrance of sweet-scented osmanthus.

Video watching Legally Blonde (Ice Princess for reference)
Elle woods followed her boy friend to the Yale Law School. There she met some students who are absolutely different species from herself. Obviously she will encounter something awkward in her first week at school. Let‘s see what awaits her on her enrollment…

Warming-up Activities
Video Clip

Pre-reading questions
? Do you remember your first days at college? Did anything special happen then?

? Are you afraid of making mistakes that cause embarrassment?
? What are the major differences between college and high school lives?

Oral activities
Organize yourselves into groups of five or six and discuss the following issue.

If I were a fresh man again.

? I'm afraid we'll have to scrap the plan and redo it completely. ? 我们恐怕得放弃这个计划然后全部重来。 ? Let's do it all over again. ? Let's make a fresh start. ? Let's start from zero again. ? Let's start from scratch again.
? 起跑线

? Let's start from very beginning again. ? Let's roll it back to the beginning. ? Let's get back to the starting point. ? Let's go back to square one.
? 退回起点, 从头再来。

? Let's go back to the drawing board.

A Fresh Start Now一个崭新的开始
? The greatest power you possess for succeeding in life is your understanding that life gives you a fresh start any moment you choose to start fresh. ? You've only to test the truth of this fact about the newness of life to discover the incredible freedom that waits for you just behind it. ? Nothing that stood in your way before stands there now in the same way. It's all new, even if you can't as yet see it that way.
? ? ?

你所拥有的取得人生成功最大得法宝就是你领悟到:任何时候你选择 重新开始,生活都总能给你一个崭新的开端。 要发现生活背后等待着你的无穷自由,只有去验证生活中新事物的真相。 以往任何不能阻止你前行的事物现在以相同方式出现却能组织你前行。 即使你还没有发觉它已经完全是崭新的了。

? The text, written by Evelyn Herald (contemporary), appeared in Nutshell magazine in 1989. ? Nutshell Magazine is a monthly, webbased magazine with an email newsletter component. ? Interested people sign up for the newsletter and thus get a digest of the current month's content mailed to them. ? The newsletter contains short, interesting stories while the website contains greater detail for you to dive into.

? See features

Structure analysis of the text
? In this autobiographical essay, Evelyn Herald recounts her embarrassing moments during her first days of college. ? With a chronologically balanced pattern of narration, the author focuses on three incidents– ? sitting in the wrong class, ? falling down in the cafeteria ? and witnessing the upper-class football player having the same experience.

Structural Analysis

Rhetorical Features

In the text, three incidents are narrated by the author: the first is about her going into the wrong classroom; the second is about her falling down in the cafeteria; the last is about her witnessing the same embarrassing fall happening to someone admired by her. Despite the differences between these three incidents, they actually revolve around one theme: The growth of the author, who is able to draw lessons from the mistakes she has made and finally succeeds in adjusting herself to the college life.

? Coupling narration with description, she gives us a detailed account of the process, the after-effect and the significant insight into herself. ? Detailed descriptions of events are everywhere to be seen in this text, which is a dominant feature of narrative writing. Since the description of an event will involve a lot of movements or actions, compound sentences and compound-complex sentences have been used frequently in the text.


I first began to wonder what I was doing on a college campus anyway when my parents drove off, leaving me standing pitifully in a parking lot, wanting nothing more than to find my way safely to my dorm room. (Paragraph 1)


I settled into my chair and tried to assume the scientific pose of a biology major, bending slightly forward, tensing my arms in preparation for furious note-taking, and cursing under my breath. (Paragraph 5)

? ? ? ?

Part Ⅰ : Para1 This is an introductory paragraph. Part Ⅱ : Para2-9 In this part, the author recalls a few incidents during her first days of college. ? Part Ⅲ : Para10-14 ? This is the concluding part.

? The 8th paragraph: ? 1. Perhaps three days was long enough for the campus population to have forgotten me. ? Is it correct to use ?was‘? ? 2. So off to the cafeteria I went. ? Is it a sentence of Ellipsis? And how to analyse it? ? 3. In Paragraph 4, you can find ―a crisp ruled page‖. What is it?

? 1. Perhaps three days was long enough for the campus population to have forgotten me. ? Answer: ? 表示时间、距离、价值、量度、金钱、体 积、数字等的复数名词作主语时谓语动词 用单数。 ? One hundred dollars is a large sum for the poor. ? Twenty days is not a long time to wait. ? But: Twenty days have passed since I met her last time. ? 自从我上次见到她到现在已经过去二十天。 ? (twenty days 这里不作整体看待,故谓 语动词用复数。)

? 2. So off to the cafeteria I went. ? Answer: ? It is not a sentence of ellipsis, but an inverted sentence. ? The part ―off to the cafeteria‖ is placed before ―I went‖ just because the author wants to give extra stress to it. ? ? So I went off to the cafeteria.

? 3. a crisp ruled page ? rule有这样一个意思: ? (Printing) A thin metal strip of various widths and designs, used to print borders or lines, as between columns. ? 【印刷术】 线,线条:宽度和设计不一的一 种细金属条,用于印刷边界或线,如栏目之 间的 ? 另外: http://shopping.netsuite.com/s.nl/c.ACCT 107430/sc.23/category.257/.f ? 在这个网站上我们可以看到这样一种纸张, 由此可以看出ruled page其实是中间带有分 栏线的纸张或者页面。 ? Square Spine Lab Notebook Borderless Ruled Page ? (print quality is higher, web resolution is limited to 72 dpi)

a ruled page
? 至于crisp,应该是下 面这个意思: ? Conspicuously clean or new: ? 崭新的:明显干净 的或新的: ? 如:a crisp dollar bill. ? 一张崭新的美钞

Paragraph 1
? What does "first-gradish" mean?

? Why did the author have the impression that "everyone on campus was watching me"? ? What was her plan?

? What does "first-gradish" mean? ? word formation ? -ish: characteristic of, like, tending to ? mannish; womanish; girlish; boyish ? It means "having the qualities and characteristics of a firstgrade student. "

What exactly is the feeling of being first-gradish?
? The "first-gradisn" feeling is ? a mixture of ? helplessness, disorientation, selfconsciousness, and a lack of confidence. ? I had just the feeling of a newcomer to college without the strength only an experienced student might possess

? Why did the author have the impression that "everyone on campus was watching me"? ? The author, being oversensitive, was uneasy with her identity as a freshman. ? She thought a new student would attract others' attention, as what she did or said was liable to be too naive to be right.

What was her plan?
? My plan was to keep my ears open and my mouth shut and hope no one would notice I was a freshman. ? 眼观四路耳听八方 ? 三缄其口 ? speak with caution ? 病从口入,祸从口出。――晋· 傅玄《口铭》 ? calamity comes by means of mouth; disaster emanates from a careless talk ? I planned to be observant and silent so that nobody would notice that I was only a newcomer to college ? She planned to act her way through college and hoped not to make mistakes.

Detailed Reading

distinct a. clearly seen, heard, felt, understood, etc.; noticeable

Now that the boss was no longer present, there was a distinct change in her attitude. The children have distinct memories of their grandfather in his last days.

Detailed Reading

Comparison: distinct & distinctive
distinct: Something that is distinct can clearly be seen, heard, smelled, etc. e.g. There is a distinct smell of beer in this room. distinctive: It means having a special quality, character, or appearance that is different and easy to recognize. Beer has a very distinctive smell; it’s quite distinct from the smell of wine.

____________ features of this One of the distinctive _________ illustrations. book is its distinct 本书特点之一就是具有清楚明了的图解。


? (1) Readily distinguishable from all others; discrete: ? 有区别的,不同的,个别的:与所有其它容易区别的, 独立的: ? on two distinct occasions.在两种不同的场合 ? distinct animals不同的动物 ? (2)Easily perceived by the senses or intellect; clear:明显的,清楚的:易于被感觉和智慧察觉的; 清晰的: ? a distinct flavor.独特风味 ? (3)Clearly defined; unquestionable:确定无误的;确 切的: ? at a distinct disadvantage.确实处于不利条件 ? distinct statement确切的声明 ? (4)Very likely; probable:很有可能的,可能的: ? There is a distinct possibility that she won‘t come. ? (5)Notable:卓越的,不寻常的: ? a distinct honor and high privilege.显赫的名声和崇高

? a distinct opportunity难得的机会

? distinct: well-marked,clearly defined,seen, heard, felt, understood, etc. noticeable 清楚的, 明显的, 截然不同的, 独

? The photo you took in Hong Kong Cultural Centre is not distinct enough. ? 你在香港文化中心拍的那张照片不够清晰。 ? She has a distinct pronunciation. ? 她的发音清楚。 ? There is a distinct smell of smoke in my room. ? 我的房间里有一股明显的香烟味。 ? The twins have distinct personalities. ? 这对双胞胎的个性并不相同。

? a man of very distinct character一个 个性很强的人

? The earth's shadow on the moon was quite distinct. ? 月球上的地球阴影很清晰。 ? This picture is distinct from that.不同。 ? Astronomy, as distinct from astrology, is an exact science. ? 天文学是一门严谨的科学, 与占星术完全不同. ? be distinct in...from...在某方面与...不同 ? Silk is distinct from rayon in every respect. ? 在各个方面真丝跟人造丝截然不同。 ? There is a distinct improvement in your study.显 著进步。 ? I had the distinct impression that I was being watched. 我很明显地感觉到有人在监视我. ? The footprints are quite distinct; they must be fresh. 足迹清晰易辨, 一定是不久前留下来的. ? There was a distinct sense of embarrassment in the air. 周围的气氛中有一种明显的局促不安的感觉.

? Distinctive的意思是“表示差别的”、“有特 色的”、“特殊的”(marking or showing a difference), ?distinguishing‘ and ?setting it apart from others‘. ? distinctive 指某个特性或特点使我们能够区分 某物与他物。与众不同的, 有特色的。 ? Can you find the distinctive watermarks of this stamp? ? 你能找到这枚邮票上有明显的水纹吗? ? Pupils in Hong Kong usually have distinctive badges on their school uniforms. ? 在香港,小学生的校服上常戴有颇具特色的徽 章。

? (1)A thing is distinct if it is sharply distinguished from other things; ? distinct 指某物与其他东西有显著的区别; ? a property or attribute is distinctive if it enables us to distinguish one thing from another. ? distinctive 指某个特性或特点使我们能够区分某物与 他物。与众不同的, 有特色的。 ? The warbler is not a distinct species ? ―刺嘴莺不是一种清楚可辨的鸟”, ? ? the warbler is not a clearly defined type of bird. ? 表示刺嘴莺并不是一种明确确定的鸟类。 ? The warbler has a distinctive song ? ―刺嘴莺有独特的歌喉” ? ? the warbler's song enables us to distinguish the warbler from other birds. ? 指刺嘴莺的鸣叫声可使它与其他鸟类区别开来

? distinct: clearly seen, heard, felt, understood, etc. ; noticeable 清楚的, 明显 的, 截然不同的, 独特的,不同的 ? This has the meaning of ?clear‘ and ?unmistakable‘ in the majority of its uses. ? Anything that is distinct is clearly distinguishable from everything else; ? something distinctive is a quality or characteristic that makes it possible for us to distinguish one thing from another. ? distinctive 指某个特性或特点使我们能够区分 某物与他物。与众不同的, 有特色的。 ? Distinct speech is clear; distinctive speech is special or unusual.

? So a pileated woodpecker(大啄木鸟) is a woodpecker distinct from most other woodpeckers, distinguishable from other woodpeckers; ? its large size is distinctive, helping us distinguish it from most other woodpeckers. ? One of the distinctive features of this book is its distinct illustrations. ? 本书的特点之一就是具清楚明了的图解。 ? A distinct odour is one which is clear, pronounced, prominent and unmistakable. ? A distinctive odour is one which is set apart from others for a reason. ? ?There is a distinct noise coming from the crowd.‘ ? ?This means a clear noise from the lot of them. ? ?There is a distinctive noise coming from the crowd.‘ ? ?This means that there may be an elephant trumpeting among them!

? Read the following sentences carefully.
? With that thought in mind, I raised my head, squared my shoulders, and set out in the direction of my dorm, glancing (and then ever so discreetly) at the campus map clutched in my hand. ? It took everything I had not to stare when I caught my first glimpse of a real live college football player. ? What confidence, what reserve, what muscles! ? I only hoped his attention was drawn to my airs of assurance rather than to my shaking knees…

? Are you impressed by these words? If yes, why?

? clutch vt. hold or grasp tightly; ? vi. try to grasp or seize ? The frightened woman clutched her bags to her breast. ? He clutched at the rope we had thrown to him but could not reach it. ? Synonyms: seize, grasp ? She seized my arm as she fell. ? grasp the essence / main points ? glimpse n. ? ①a quick look at sb. or sth. ? I caught a glimpse of our new neighbor. ? ②a short experience of sth. that helps you begin to understand it ? Her worried face gave me a glimpse of her true feelings. ? 她的忧伤表情使我感受到她内心的真实感情。

? reserve n. ? a quality in sb.‘s character that makes them not like expressing their emotions or talking about their problems ? The keeping of one's feelings, thoughts, or affairs to oneself. ? Self-restraint in expression ? Being a man of reserve, Mr. York was never popular with his colleagues. ? Judy has tried every means to break through the reserve of her stepson. ? Derivation:reserved a. ? The English have a reputation for being reserved.

? 1. Various words and phrases are employed to help achieve humorous effects by impressing the readers with episodes vividly depicted in details. ? 2. It took everything I had not to do… ? It is really difficult for sb. to do … ? 3. Why did the author exclaim " What confidence, what reserve, what muscles!" when she saw the football player?

? College life was a new experience to the author. ? Her marvel (surprise) at the real football player showed her excitement about her new life. ? Also, this foreshadows the later development of the essay.

? discreet adj. ? Marked by, exercising, or showing prudence and wise self-restraint in speech and behavior; prudent, circumspect. ? 谨慎的,慎重的, 理智的, 周到的 ? My secretary never tells anyone unconcerned anything about the company's business. ? She is very discreet. ? "我的秘书很谨慎,她对公司的业务从不对 任何无关的人谈起

? The quality of being discreet; circumspection, prudence ? 谨慎,周详有谨慎品质;慎重周到 ? Ability or power to decide responsibly. ? 决定能力;明智, 判断力 ? Freedom to act or judge on one's own: ? 行动的自由,判断的自由: ? All the decisions were left to our discretion. ? 所有的决定都由我们自行做出

? ? ? ? ?

你必须自行决定。 You must use your own discretion. It is within your discretion. Discretion is the better part of valour. (proverb) used jokingly to excuse oneself for not taking unnecessary risks. ? (谚)小心即大勇。谨慎为勇敢之本; 好汉 不吃眼前亏。慎重即勇过半矣 ? He thought discretion the better part. ? 他认为还是谨慎为好。

? I only hoped his attention was drawn to my airs of assurance rather than to my shaking knees… ? draw his attention to … rather than to … ? my airs of assurance ? an affected, often haughty poses or manners intended to impress others; affectation. ? [pl.]架子; 装腔作势, 做作的姿态、神情 ? Don't put on airs. ? 不要摆架子。 ? My neighbour is always putting on airs. ? 我的邻居总是装腔作势。 ? ?? my apparent confidence ? appearing as such but not necessarily so; seeming: ? an apparent advantage. ? 表面上的优势 (貌似的, 看上去是如此但未必真实的; 看似的)

? whereabouts ? n. approximate location ? adv. about where; in, at, or near what location ? noun 卡扎菲现在下落不明。他的所在 地一直是人们猜测的话题。 ? The present whereabouts of Gadhafi/ Qaddafi [ka:da:fi] is / are still unknown. ? His whereabouts is a matter of conjecture. ? adv. 我把圆珠笔丢到什么地方了 ? Whereabouts did I leave my ballpoint?

? Why is the word "marched" used in the first sentence of Paragraph 3 "The next morning I found my first class and marched in"? ? To walk steadily and rhythmically forward in step with others. ? The author did not want others to notice that she was a freshman. ? With enough preparation the previous day, she was sure she could find the right room without asking the way or checking the map. ? The word "marched" is used to show her pretence of confidence.

? Where did she choose to sit in her first class? Why? ? She chose to sit in the front row, a side seat ? because the freshmen manual suggested sitting near the front to show that one was an intelligent and enthusiastic student. ? Since she was not confident enough to sit in the professor's direct line of vision, she chose a side seat in the front row.

Why did a cold sweat break out on the back of her neck?
? She found she was in the wrong class. ? She was supposed to attend the course of American literature, ? but she was sitting in the biology class by mistake. ? Why did she remain in the wrong room? ? She didn't want others to notice her ignorance.

? How many questions are used in Paragraphs 3 and 5? Why does the author raise these questions? ? Four questions are used. ? Being a freshman, she was not familiar with life in college. ? She was at a loss as to what to do when something unexpected happened.

? These questions are used to show her bewilderment.

? demeanor n. ? the way sb. behaves, dresses, speaks, etc. that shows what their character is like ? 他的举止沉着、稳健。 ? His demeanor was clam and steady. ? 这个女孩子的态度娴静而谦逊。 ? The girl has a quiet, modest demeanor. ? anthology ? a collection of literary pieces, such as poems, short stories, or plays. ? scribble (down) v. ? write sth. quickly and untidily ? I scribbled his phone number in my address book. ? He scribbled down our names.

? grope ? To reach about uncertainly; feel one's way ? He groped for the doorhandle in the dark. ? To search blindly or uncertainly: ? We are groping after the truth / for an answer. ? grope around ? We groped around in the darkness. ? grope your way along / across, etc. ? I was groping my way blindly through the trees.

? tip off: give an advance warning or hint to ? Somebody must have tipped the burglars off that the house would be empty. ? The police was tipped off about the robbery. ? goody (pl. goodies) n. sth. that is nice to eat ? We bought lots of goodies for the picnic. ? sth. attractive, pleasant, or desirable ? The competition gives you the chance to win all sorts of goodies. ? Variant spelling: (British English) goodie

? flail ? To move vigorously or erratically; thrash about: ? 胡乱地移动;左右(或上下)摆动: ? arms flailing helplessly in the water. ? rear end ? the rear part: ? the rear end of a car. ? Informal the buttocks, the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on .

? charge ? To rush forward in or as if in a violent attack ? dogs trained to charge at intruders ? children charging through the house. ? sneak v. ? go somewhere secretly and quietly in order to avoid being seen or heard ? Collocation: ? sneak in / out / away / off ? They sneaked off without paying! ? She snuck out of the house once her parents were asleep. ? Synonym: creep

? ? ? ? ?

die down To lose strength; subside: 渐弱,消退没劲了;平静了 The winds died down. 渐渐平息了 After the excitement of the audience died down, the speaker restarted his speech. ? 等听众激动的情绪平息后….

? How did the students react when she slipped and fell down? And how did the author feel about it? ? They cheered and clapped. ? And she felt embarrassed and humiliated. ? Why did she dine on junk food for the next three days? ? She thought she had become the laughing-stock on campus. ? She couldn't stand by being laughed at by all the students when she turned up in the cafeteria.

? What can you get from the word ―strategically‖ in the phrase ―… from a machine strategically placed outside my room‖? ? Here the word "strategically" suggests ? that many students had shared Evelyn's terrible fortune ? and had to shun publicity by dining alone on the food served by the machine. ? So the food machine was strategically placed there to help those poor students out.

? I couldn‘t take another crunchychewy-salty-sweet bite. ? Here the modifier ―crunchy-chewysalty-sweet‖ describes the texture and taste of the fast food, which is crunchy, chewy, salty and sweet. ? compound adjective ? formed by chaining up the modifying words with hyphens ? a 10-inch-long stick ? a play-by-play match (detailed) ? a devil-may-care attitude

? What happened in the cafeteria when she went there on the fourth day? ? The upper class football player, the very person she had admired, had the same experience as she did. ? What was his response to the students‘ cheers and claps then? ? But instead of escaping in humiliation, the football player calmly and goodhumoredly took all this and went on with his meal. ? He did not take the accident seriously. ? On the contrary, he took it light-heartedly and just laughed it off. ? It shows that accidents like that are quite common on campus and one should learn to take them easy.

? tiptoe v. ? walk quietly and carefully on your toes, so that nobody hears you ? His mother tiptoed into the room. ? I tiptoed along the corridor. ? tiptoe around (sth.): try to avoid dealing with a difficult or embarrassing subject or problem ? They were tiptoeing around the delicate subject of money. ? poor (old) soul ? used to show pity for sb. ? The poor old soul had fallen and broken her hip.

somebody's heart goes out to somebody
? someone feels sympathetic towards another person ? His heart went out to Mrs. Bradshaw and her fatherless child. ? grin v. ? show that you are very happy or pleased by smiling widely ? grin from ear to ear: grin very widely ? slink ? to go or move in a quiet, stealthy way; to move as if one feels guilty or ashamed, or does not want to be seen ? She tried to slink ( = sneak) out of the office so that nobody would see her. ? The cat slunk ( = sneaked) through the grass toward its prey.

concluding part
? Popularity was not so important: running with the crowd was no longer a law of survival. ? going with the tide of the majority was no longer crucial to your success in college ? It didn't matter whether or not you were widely accepted or admired. ? You did not have to behave to the liking of everybody else.

? This was my big chance to do my own thing, be my own woman– if I could get past my preoccupation with doing everything perfectly. ? So long as I could give up the attempt to be perfect in everything, ? I would well be able to do what I wanted in the way I was comfortable with.

? What, according to Evelyn, is one of the major differences between college and high school lives? ? In high school one strives for popularity and has to avoid at any cost making himself/ her self a laughing stock among his/her peers. ? When a person is in college, he/ she should be his/her own person and do his/her own thing and avoid taking others' opinions too much to heart.

? malicious ? having the nature or wish to hurt others ? a malicious remark / malicious gossip ? malice ? a desire to harm others or to see others suffer; extreme ill will or spite ? He did it through malice. ? I am quite certain that his wife bears malice to / towards/against ( = feels continuing dislike for) me.

Detailed Reading

run with the crowd

Comparison and translation An independent man, Peter never goes with the tide. 彼得是个有主见的人,从不随大流。 __________________________________________________________ You can do what you want to do, but never follow the crowd. 你想做什么就做什么,可别随大流。 __________________________________________________________ Hait hasn’t got a mind of his own on any matter of importance; he just swims with the tide. 海特在任何重要问题上都没有自己的主见,他只是随大流。 __________________________________________________________________________________ She is always falling into line with the majority.


? shackle a metal fastening, usually
one of a pair, for encircling and confining the ankle or wrist of a prisoner or captive; ? (figurative) a restraint or check to action or progress, often used in the plural form

? The policeman placed shackles on the suspect's hands. ? It is hard to break through the shackles of habit. ? break the shackles of convention ? Farmers in remote villages tend

? How should a person view his/ her college life according to Evelyn? ? A person should take his/her college life for an experiment. ? He/ She should not be afraid of making mistakes ? because it is only through trial and error that one can find his/her real self ? and finding his/her real self is the ultimate purpose of college education. ? College allows one to make massive mistakes.

? What was the key lesson Evelyn Herald learned during her first few weeks in college? ? What lessons have you learned from Evelyn's experiences after reading the article "Fresh Start"? ? The key lesson was that since people grow by trial and error, one should relax and be oneself.

Paraphrase / explanation
? 1. It took everything I had not to stare when I caught my first glimpse of a real live college football player. (Paragraph 2) ? Paraphrase: I could not help staring at the football player who was a direct contrast to myself and represented what I had desired but failed to be.

? 2. I was in the foreground. (Paragraph 3) ? Paraphrase: Foreground means, as opposite to background, the part of a scene, landscape, etc. nearest, or represented in perspective as nearest, to the viewer, or the most noticeable or conspicuous position. ? 3. I made my way through the food line and tiptoed to a table, where I collapsed in relief. (Paragraph 9) ? Explanation: What she meant is that she sat down in relief as no one had noticed her. ―Collapsed‖ is a hyperbole indicating her anxiety and the contrasting reality that no one actually cared.

? 4. Probably everyone in the cafeteria had done something equally dumb when he or she was a freshman — and had lived to tell about it. (Paragraph 10) ? Paraphrase: Everyone who had done something dumb had survived the embarrassment (and so was able to recount the experience afterwards). ? 5. I dressed a little differently until I found the Real Me. (Paragraph 12) ? Explanation: Metaphorically, she means that she tried different experiences, as if trying on different articles of clothing, until she finally determined what her life should be like.

structural analysis
? The whole passage is narrated in a light-hearted and humorous tone. ? In recounting the three incidents ? sitting in the wrong class ? falling down in the cafeteria ? witnessing the upper class football player falling down… ? The author coupled narration with description ? give a detailed account of the process, the after-effect and the significant insight into herself.

? Why does the author give such a detailed account of the incidents? ? What kind of writing is this essay? ? In a narrative writing, the point is shown through dialogues, actions or events. ? (But in an expository writing, the main idea is often expressed in a thesis statement) ? The three incidents are treated expansively in this essay ? because they are related to one another by their implicit messages — ? the mistakes the author made and her reaction toward the mistakes. ? It was in this process that the author achieved significant insight into herself.

? To describe the incidents : ? 1. The writer employs various words & phrases to impress the reader with vivid or even funny pictures so as to achieve humorous effect ? 2. The author adopts many questions to help depict the helpless state of a freshman.

?It’s time for a fresh start!

Oral activities
Organize yourselves into groups of five or six and discuss the following issue

What should a college student do in China? Should he/she do as Evelyn suggests, that is, allow him/herself to make mistakes in college? Compare college life in America and China.

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