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英语总复习之句法结构

英语总复习之句法结构


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1.hate 憎恨

2.mat 草席
5.hike 远足
8.hope 希望

3.mate 伙伴
9.kit 用具包
6.suck 吸

4.slit 撕开
7.hop 单足跳

简单句的五种基本句型
? 主语 + 不及物动词 ? 主语 + 及物动词 +宾语 ? 主语 + 系动词 + 表 ? 主语+双宾动词+间宾+直宾 ? 主语 + 宾补动词 +宾语 +宾语补语

简单句基本句型实例
主语 + 不及物动词 She came./ My head aches. 主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 She likes English. 主语 + 系动词 + 主语补语 She is happy. 主语 + 双宾动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语 She gave John a book. She bought a book for me. 主语 + 宾补动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补语 She makes her mother angry. The teacher asked me to read the passage.

? 1) The new term begins on the 1st of September. ? 2) Her father is an engineer. ? 3) She seemed tired. ? 4) Li Hua showed me his album.

划分句子成分:

1.They do
主语 谓语

sports
宾语

2.Mike sings well.
主语 谓语 状语

3.They can jump.
主语 谓语

4.You told us some stories.
主语 谓语 宾语 宾语

5.Tom will have his hair cut.
主语 谓语 宾语 宾补 主语

1. I

am happy.
表语

主语 系词

2.She looks like his father.
主语 系词
表语

3. You seem to be sad.
主语 系词 表语

to do(动词不定式)

1. His father is a good cook.主系表语
2.She is watering the flowers.
主谓宾

4. We will buy him a book.
5. These books are good .

主谓宾 主系表语 主谓宾

6. Jack wants me to dance.. 7. She has an old car.
主谓宾

8. It’s my duty to help you.

主系表语

用符号标出下列句子的成分:
? 1) = I saw ~~~~~~~~~~~ your uncle[ in the shop][ yesterday ].
) member [ in 1950 ]. ? 2) Her father became (a Party ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

? 3) To sleep on a spring bed is very comfortable.

? 4) Mr. Hopkins teaches Mary English. ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
? 5) She finds ~~ it < hard > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ to learn maths .

Don’t trouble trouble until trouble troubles you


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