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外研社高中英语必修1 M1

外研社高中英语必修1 M1


Module 1

My First Day at Senior High

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(2011·安徽卷)某校英文报开辟了一个专栏:Experience。 本期话题是如何解决学习中遇到的困难。请你以“My

Approach to Difficulties in Learning”为题,用英语写一篇短
文,谈谈自己的一些做法。 注意:1.词数:100左右; 2.短文中不能出现本人相关信息。 ____________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________
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【满分作文】 My Approach to Difficulties in Learning

①As high school students,we run into one difficulty after another
in the process of learning.Everyone has their own way to deal with them.Here I would like to share mine. ②When I am faced with a difficulty,I usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or Web pages. In this way,I can not

only work it out but also improve my ability to overcome problems
all by myself. ③However,when it is something beyond my competence,I turn to my classmates or teachers for help. Sometimes I also ask my parents for advice.④As a result I have made steady progress in my studies.
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【高级词汇】
run into遇到;碰上 competence能力;胜任 【佳句变换】 As we all know,there are various kinds of difficulties arising during our study process. Every time I come across a difficulty,I usually turn to relevant有关的;切题的

relevant learning materials or Web pages.

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Of course,there are some difficulties which are too much for me to solve by myself.In this case,I'll have to ask my classmates or teachers for help. In my opinion,it is this effective methods that have help

improve my studies steadily.

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A
1.attitude n.态度

考纲词汇——思忆

2.previous adj.以前的;从前的 3.cover vt.包含 4.enthusiastic adj.热心的→enthusiasm n.热心 5.amazing adj.令人吃惊的;令人惊讶的→amazed adj.吃惊 的→amaze v.使惊奇→amazement n.惊奇

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6.information n.信息→inform v.告知 7.instruction n.(常作复数)指示;说明→instruct v.指导 8.bored adj.厌烦的;厌倦的→boring adj.令人厌烦的→bore

v.使厌烦
9 . embarrassed adj. 尴 尬 的 ; 难 堪 的 ; 困 窘 的 →embarrassing adj.令人尴尬的→embarrass v.使尴尬;使 困窘→embarrassment n.尴尬;困窘 10.behavior n.行为;举动→behave v.举止

11.description n.记述;描述→describe v.描述

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12 . impress vt. 使 印 象 深 刻 → impression

n.印象

→impressive adj.令人印象深刻的
13.encouragement n.鼓励;激励→encourage v.鼓励; 鼓舞→discourage v.使气馁;打消做??的念头 14.disappointed adj.失望的→disappointing adj.令人失望的 →disappoint v.使失望→disappointment n.失望

15 . disappear vi. 消 失 → appear→ vi. 出 现 → appearance
n.出现;外表

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——字词入章,相得益彰 What impresses and encourages us most is his attitude and enthusiasm.He never feels bored and he has an amazing talent for information technology.He doesn't want to disappoint anybody caring for him,so he tries his best to

behave well every day.

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B 重要短语——识记

1.与??相似 be similar to
2.远离;远非 far from 3.一点也不像 nothing like 4.换句话说 in other words 5.期待;盼望 look forward to 6.在??开始的时候 at the start of 7.在??结束的时候 at the end of

8.上大学 go to college
9.被(划)分成?? be divided into 10.参加 take part in
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C 1.否定转移

经典句式——再现

I don't think(我认为??不)I will be bored in Ms Shen's class! 2.倍数表达法

In other words,there are3_times as many girls as boys(女生
人数是男生人数的三倍). 3.It matters(to sb)+if从句/wh-从句 He said it didn't matter if we made mistakes(如果我们犯错没 关系).

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4.so引导的倒装 —I've just been to my first language class.

—Oh really?So have I(我也是).

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A 核心单词——巧布点,基石奠

amazing adj.令人吃惊的;令人惊讶的
Jessica looked in amazement as her parents began to laugh madly. (2011·江西卷,阅读A)

当父母开始狂笑的时候Jessica吃惊地看着他们。

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(1)amaze vt.使吃惊

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①It is amazing to find you here. 在这里见到你真是令人惊讶。

②We were amazed to hear that she passed the test without
much difficulty. 听说她轻而易举地通过了考试,我们都很惊奇。

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I was amazed to see Bolt broke the world record at an amazing speed of 9.58 seconds in the 100 metres race. When I told my brother about it,he shouted in amazement.(amaze) 小贴士

(1)以-ing结尾的形容词常译为“令人??的”,一般修饰物;
而以 -ed结尾的形容词常译为 “ 感到 ?? 的 ” ,一般修饰人。 口诀“人-ed物-ing”

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(2)以-ing结尾的形容词有时也可以修饰人,而以-ed结尾的
形容词也可以修饰与人有关的名词如voice,tear等。

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——满分作文之佳句
a.It's astonishing how beautiful things sound when you can really listen. (2011·安徽卷)

b.To everyone's surprise,the famous place of interest has been damaged. (2010·浙江)

c.To our amazement,we found that the river had been
polluted seriously. (天津卷)

d.You can imagine how upset we were about the pollution when we arrived there. (辽宁卷)

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attitude n.态度;看法
attitude to/towards sb/sth对??的态度/看法 take/adopt/have a positive/negative... attitude 对??采取/持积极/消极??的态度

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①He has a bad attitude towards his

schoolwork.他对功课的态度不端正。
②A lot of drivers don't take a serious attitude to safety. 很多司机对安全问题不采取认真的态度。 小贴士 altitude与attitude形式相似,但它意为“海拔;高度”。

The plane flew at an altitude of 6,000 metres.
飞机在6 000米的高空飞行。

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impress vt.使印象深刻(常与with/by连用);
使铭记(常与on连用) It probably didn‘t make the impression on you as it did on me.你也许不如我对它印象深刻。

(2011·浙江卷,阅读D)
impress sb with...=sb be impressed with/by...给某人留下?? 印象 impress sth on sb/on one's memory 使某人铭记?? leave/make an impression on sb 给某人留下印象

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①We were deeply impressed by/with your efficiency. 你的效率给我们留下了深刻的印象。 ②Our boss often impresses the importance of creativity on us. 老板经常让我们铭记创新的重要性。

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The Shanghai World Expo 2010 left a good impression on the

foreigners.They were impressed with its nice service and local
citizens' kindness.They thought Shanghai was really impressive.(impress)

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cover vt.包含;涉及;覆盖;掩盖;占(时间/空间); 走(距离);报道;足以支付

cover...with...用??覆盖?? be covered with...覆盖着???强调状态?? be covered by...被??覆盖?强调动作 ,cover up 掩盖;掩饰

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①I want to cover 100 miles by dark. 我想在天黑之前走完100英里。

②A reporter was sent to cover the accident.
一名记者被派去报道那个事故。 ③Is the money enough to cover the tuition? 这笔钱够付学费吗? 小贴士

cover “采访” 的对象是“事”;interview “采访” 的对
象是“人”。

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集训中心 Ⅰ.单词拼写

1 . He doesn't know much about the subject , but he is
very________(热心的). 2.His lecture makes a strong________(印象)on all the students. 3.When the foreigners spoke to me in English I felt______(尴尬 的)because of my poor English.

4.Before taking the medicine,you'd better read the______(说
明书)carefully on the bottle. 5.She was________(惊异的)at the change in his appearance. 6 . The ________( 失 望 的 )news________( 失 望 )all the people present.
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7.I watched him until he________(消失)from sight in the
distance. 8.Their________(态度)towards me show that they don't like me. 9.She was chosen as an________(助手)to help Mr.Brown

finish his research.
10.The________(无聊的)speech made us sleepy. 答 案 1.enthusiastic 5.amazed 2.impression 3.embarrassed

4.instructions 7.disappeared
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6.disappointing;disappointed 9.assistant
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8.attitudes
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10.boring
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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.In communication,a smile is usually________strong sign of a friendly and________open attitude.(2011·重庆卷,26) A.the,/ B.a,an C.a,/ D.the,an

2 . Unless you change your________towards your studies , you
won't make any progress,I believe.(2012·北京模拟) A.point B.idea C.sight D.attitude 3.—Do you have enough to________all your daily expenses? —Oh yes,enough and to spare.(2011·山东,26) A.cover B.spend C.fill D.offer
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4 . This

book

is

said

to

be

a

special

one ,

which________many events not found in other history books.
A.writes B.covers C.deals D.refers 5.At the meeting,all the people were deeply________with her brilliant report. A.impressed B.surprised C.excited D.comforted

答案

1.C

2.D

3.A

4.B

5.A

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B 核心短语——点入线,基础建 in other words换句话说 In other words,when you take care of your body,you take

care of your brain.

(2011·辽宁卷,七选五)

换句话说,你呵护身体也就呵护了大脑。

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In a/one word总之,简言之

In words用语言
keep/break one's word遵守诺言/违背诺言 have a word with sb与某人交谈 have words with sb与某人吵架 word come that...有消息传来??(word意为消息时,为不可 数名词)

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①In a word,what you did is far from satisfactory.
总之,你所做的事并不令人满意。 ②Word came that the mayor would soon visit our school.消 息传来,市长不久就要来我们的学校参观。

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look forward to期待;盼望

I looked forward to the return journey.
我期待着回归的旅程。 (2010·全国,阅读理解D) 常用的含介词to的类似短语还有: pay attention to...注意…… be/get used to习惯于 get down to着手/开始认真干

stickto坚持
devote...to...献身于……,致力于…… lead to 导致;通向
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①He always devotes_himself_to helping the homeless children. 他总是致力于帮助无家可归的孩子。 ②My parents used tolivein the country,but now theyare used to livingin town.

我父母过去住在农村,但是现在习惯住在城里。

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小贴士

①在定语从句中常考查look forward to,而其后的动词与to
无任何关系。 The holiday we had been looking forward to came at last.我 们一直期盼着的假日最后终于到来了。 ②look forward有时表示“向前看”,to为不定式标志。

He stood up and looked forward to see what was happening
outside.他站起来向前看外面发生的事。

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be divided into被(划)分成?? The man divided the food into halves and carefully placed

one before his wife.(陕西卷,完形填空)
这个男人把食物分成两份并小心翼翼地把一份放在妻子面前。

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divide...into...把……分成,divide?up?...among/between在……
之间分配……

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①America is divided into 50 states.

美国被划分为五十个州。
②Children,divide the cake up between/among you. 孩子们,你们把这个蛋糕分了吧。 辨析 divide/separate

(1)divide 侧 重 于 把 原 来 的 整 体 分 成 若 干 部 分 , 常 与 介 词

between,among,by,into搭配。
(2)separate指把原来连在一起的或靠近的人或物分离开,多 与from,by搭配。

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巧学助记

England is separated from France by the English Channel.英

国和法国之间隔着英吉利海峡。

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take part in参加,参与 辨析 take part in/join/join in/attend

(1)take part in指参加会议或群众性活动等,着重说明句子主语
参加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。 (2)join有两种用法:①指加入某个党派、团体、组织等,成为其 成员之一,意为 “ 参军,入团,入党 ” 等。②和某人一道做某 事,其结构为joinsb in(doing) sth,根据上下文,in(doing)sth也

可以省去。

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(3)join in多指参加小规模的活动,如球赛、游戏等,常用于日常 口语中。 (4)attend是正式用语,为及物动词,指参加会议、婚礼、葬礼、 典礼,去上课、上学、听报告等。句子的主语不起主导作用。

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①There will be 200 people attending the lecture. 将有两百人来听这个报告。

②Everyone tookpartin/joinedin the game.
每个人都参加了游戏。

小贴士
take part in是惯用词组,part前一般不用冠词,但part前有 形容词修饰时,要用不定冠词。

Lincoln took an active part in politics and was strongly
against slavery.林肯积极参加政治活动,强烈反对奴隶制。
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集训中心 Ⅰ.选词填空

look forward to;take part in;nothing like;in a fun way;in
other words 1.The car is________the one they advertised. 2.I don't think he is honest.________,I don't trust him at all. 3.I'm really________going out for a walk with you on such a fine day. 4.About 400 students________the protest.

5.The professor always solves this kind of problem______.
答案 1.nothing like 2.In other words 3.looking forward to

4.took part in
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5.in a fun way
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C 核心句型——线入面,灵犀现 I don't think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class!

我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的!
本句是否定转移结构,即否定词 not 看似否定主句的动词, 实际上是否定宾语从句中的动词。使用否定转移时主句的主 语 一 般 是 第 一 人 称 , 主 句 的 谓 语 动 词 一 般 为 : believe , imagine , suppose , expect , think 等,且时态多为一般现在 时。

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I don't think that the food is enough.
我认为这些食物不够用。 小贴士 含有否定转移的句子后面接反意疑问句时,要对从句进行反 问。另外,使用否定转移时,主句的主语通常是第一人称。 如果think,believe等的主语为第二、三人称,反意疑问句应 对主句进行反问。

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①I don't suppose anyone will volunteer,willthey?
我认为不会有人当志愿者,是不是? ②Mr.Black didn't believe what I said was right,did he? 布莱克先生不相信我说的是对的,是吗?

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In other words,there are three times as many girls as boys.换句话说,女生人数是男生人数的三倍。

此句式为:倍数+as many/much+n.+as...
We eat twice as much fruit as before. 我们吃的水果是以前的两倍。

英语中倍数的表达方式 , 倍数+ as +原级+ as, 倍数+比较级

+than...,倍数+the size?length,width,height,depth? of...,
倍数+what从句

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①This room is three times as big asthat one. =This room is twice bigger than that one. =This room is three times the size of that one. 这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(比那个房间大两倍) ②The price of this house is three times what it was two years

ago.这座房子的价格是两年前的三倍。
③The output of cars this year is twice that of last year. 今年汽车的产量是去年的两倍。

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小贴士 表示“两倍”时用twice或double,三倍或三倍以上则用“基
数词+times”来表达。句式中倍数也可用分数、百分数、 half等表示。,There are 28% more votes for Mr.Wang than for Mr.Li.,王先生的选票比李先生的多28%。

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——看看高考怎么考 The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will

be________the present one.
(2011·陕西,单项填空17) A.as three times big as C.as big as three times 答案 B B.three times as big as D.as big three times as

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Oh really?So have I.噢,真的吗?我也是。 “某人/事也?不?一样”的不同表达方式,①So+系动词/助动词 / 情态动词+主语,表示前面所说的肯定情况也适合于另一

个人或事。 ,②neither/nor +系动词 / 助动词 / 情态动词+主语,
表示前面一种否定情 况也适合于另一个人或事。,③So it is with.../It is the same with...表示前面出现的两种或几种情况适合于另一个人或事。

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①—I have lost my address.我把地址给丢了。
—So have I.我也丢了。 ②He didn't finish his homework,neither did I. 他没有完成家庭作业,我也没有完成。 ③—Alice is a student and works hard.

艾丽斯是个学生并且学习努力。
—So it is with Tom/It is the same with Tom. 汤姆也一样。

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小贴士 “so+主语+助动词/情态动词”,用来表示同意、附和前一

说话者所说的内容,可译为“是的,对,的确如此”。
—Tom has made rapid progress recently. —Oh,so he has and so have you. ——汤姆最近进步很快。 ——哦,的确如此,你也一样。

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——看看高考怎么考 Jane won't join us for dinner tonight and________. (2011·全国Ⅱ,13)

A.neither won't Tom
C.Tom will to 答案 B

B.Tom won't either
D.so will Tom

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集训中心

Ⅰ.单项填空
1.To our surprise,we got________people to attend the meeting as we expected.(2012·大连模拟) A.as twice C.twice many as B.twice many D.twice as many

2.Like some of my classmates,I can't live up to my teachers'
expectations,________,I let them down. (2012·聊城模拟) A.in other words C.what's more
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B.after all D.more or less
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3.I'm sure you'd rather she went to school by bus,____? A.hadn't you B.wouldn't you

C.aren't I

D.didn't she

4 . Peter's jacket looked just the same as Jack's , but it cost________his. A.as much twice as C.much as twice as B.twice as much as D.as twice much as

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5.—My room gets very cold at night. —________.

A.So is mine
C.So does mine 答案 1.D 2.A 3.B 4.B

B.So mine is
D.So mine does 5.C

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Ⅱ.翻译句子
1.我们的教室是他们的三倍大。 ____________________________________________________ 2.我想他不会来参加会议的。 _________________________________________________ 3.汤姆的钱比我的多四倍。 ___________________________________________________

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答案

1.Our classroom is three times the size of theirs.

2.I don't think he will come to the meeting. 3.Tom has four times more money than I have.

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SVSC(1)主语+be+表语(名词/代词)
student.

I'm a college

句 SVSC(2)主语+be+形容词(+介词短语) 型 host was very hospitable. SVSC(3)主语+be+介词短语

My Chinese

All the workers are on

strike.

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在句型(1)中,名词或代词作表语,名词或代词可带附加成 分。要注意主谓一致和时态问题。 在句型(2)中,形容词作表语。用于本句型的形容词有: ①一般形容词,如pleasant,fine,busy,warm,absent, rich,angry,different等;多数形容词后有固定的介 词搭配。 ②表语形容词,如ready,sure,certain,sorry,present, content,fond,alive,awake,asleep,alike,alone, 用 afraid,ashamed,aware等。 法 ③跟of介词短语的形容词,如forgetful,doubtful,proud, full,free,short,careful,capable。 ④跟of介词短语,用来描述人的品行或特点的形容词,如 good,clever,kind,nice,foolish,silly,cruel,impolite, careless,stupid,right,unwise,wise,rude,wrong, naughty等。 在句型(3)中,介词短语作表语,说明主语的情况。有些介词 短语已成为固定的短语,不能随意变动。
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——连句成篇 1.李明是我们班里的一名优秀学生。 2.他学习努力并总是乐于助人。 3.他在学习方面的建议对我们帮助很大。 4.我们都是好朋友。 5.我们的老师和家长对我们学习上的进步感到自豪。

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【参考答案】 LiMing is an excellent student in our class.He studies hard and is always ready to help others.Of course,his advice on our study is a great help to us.Meanwhile,we are good friends and have made rapid progress in our study.As a result, our teachers and parents are very proud of our progress in study.We always value our friendship.

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